History of War

ORIGINS OF THE GUARDIA CIVIL

“THE CIVIL GUARD CAME INTO BEING IN MARCH 1844, GIVING SPAIN ITS FIRST ELITE UNIT DIRECTLY RESPONSIBLE TO THE CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES”

During the early 19th century, Spain found itself in a desperate War of Independence against Napoleonic France (1808-1814). But while this should have produced a broad sentiment of national unity, the reality was the exact opposite. When the French intervened once again in the Spanish political process less than ten years later, putting an end to the ‘Liberal Triennium’ (1820-1823) and restoring King Fernando VII, along with his absolutist prerogatives, the divisions within the royalist camp and among the liberals deepened the divide between political loyalties.

The conservative branch of Spanish liberalism, the Moderates, took power in December 1843. They set out to resolve these problems through the establishment of strong central bodies and a strict control of the political and governing process. One of the key institutions needed to achieve

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