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Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 1 Concept Maps Science Form 3

Chapter
1
at
carbon dioxide diffuses
oxygen diffuses
oxygen
combines
with
Structure
Human Respiratory
System
consists of
involves
movement
of
Oxygen
Transport
Blood
capillaries
Parts
Nasal cavity
Trachea
Bronchi and
bronchioles
Lungs
Ribs
Diaphragm
Intercostal
muscles
Respiratory
system
diseases
Bronchitis
Emphysema
Lung cancer
Asthma
Breathing
Inhalation
Nicotine
Haze
Tar
Diaphragm Ribs
Haemoglobin
Exhalation
Gaseous
exchange
Provide large
surface area
Thin wall
Many blood
capillaries
Cigarette
smoke
Factory
smoke
Vehicle
exhaust
Sulphur
dioxide
Carbon
monoxide
Alveoli
to form
decomposes to
release
diffuses
into
characteristics for efficient
gaseous exchange
Moist wall
Haemoglobin
Oxyhaemoglobin
Cells
Oxygen
carbon
dioxide
diffuses
such
as
contains
contains
contains
cause
Importance of a
Healthy Respiratory System
Harmful
substances
RESPIRATION
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 2 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
2
consists of
types
types
consists of
called
called
types
Humans
Heart Blood
vessels
Artery
Vein
Capillary
Plasma
A
Blood
cells
Red
blood
cell
TRANSPORT SYSTEM
Blood circulatory
system
Universal donor
Universal recipient
B O AB
White
blood
cell
Platelet
Blood Blood groups
consists of
occurs
mainly
through
rate affected by
size controlled
by
such as
Xylem Phloem
Carries synthesised
food substances
from leaves to all
parts of the plant
Carries water
and dissolved
minerals from
roots to leaves
Transpiration
lncreases with
temperature
Increases with
light intensity
Increases with
air movement
Decreases with
humidity
Two guard
cells
Stoma
Factors
Plants
lose water
through
Plant vascular system
Temperature Light intensity Air movement Humidity
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 3 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
3
consists of
consists of
made up of
EXCRETION
Excretory system
Kidneys
(one pair)
Excretory
products
Water
Mineral salts
Urea (small
amount)
Humans
Skin
Excretory
products
Carbon
dioxide
Water
Latex
Tannin
Resin
Gum
Volatile oils
Quinine
Nicotine
Cocaine
Excretory
products
Water
Urea
Mineral salts
Lungs
Plants
Cortex
Ureters
(one pair)
Urinary
bladder
Urethra
Oxygen Water Carbon
dioxide
Pelvis
Medulla
Urinary system
methods of excretion
excretory products
examples
excretory products
Diffusion out
of stomata
Depositing in plant
parts and shedding of
parts in some cases
Complex waste
products
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 4 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
4
carried out by
divided into
have
called called
contains
consists of
leads to
process of
transfer to stigma
produces
REPRODUCTION
Humans
Sexual Reproduction Asexual Reproduction
Male reproductive
system
Female reproductive
system
Male reproductive
part
Female
reproductive part
Sperm
Zygote
Embryo
Baby
Ovum
produces produces
to form
Fertilisation
Flower
Filament
Stamen
Anther
Sepals
contains
produces
Stigma
Style
Ovary
Ovule
development of
Seed
Testa
(seed coat)
consists
of
Fruit
consists
of
Cotyledon
Radicle
Plumule
Suitable
temperature
Air
Water
Pollination
Foetus
Pistil
Male gamete Female gamete
Pollen
Other parts
types
carried out
by most
Vegetative
reproduction
Budding
Binary
fission
Spore
formation
Regeneration
Embryo
Petals
Fertilisation
Conditions
for
germination
Flowering plants
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 5 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
5
GROWTH
defined as
measured using
age
divided into
boys girls
Increase in size and
change in shape and
function of an organism
Comparison between
boys and girls
Human Growth Pattern
Human growth curve
Height
Slow Most rapid Rapid Negative
Weight
Childhood Infancy Adulthood Adolescence Old age
growth
rate
growth
rate
growth
rate
growth
rate
Girls faster
than boys
17 years 18 years
Boys faster
than girls
growth
rate
growth
rate
growth
rate
growth
rate
12 14
years
0 11
years
About the
same
Minimal or
zero
Age at
which
growth
stops
14 18
years
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 6 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
6
Examples
Gold
Silver
Platinum
Graphite
Sulphur
exist as
LAND AND ITS RESOURCES
Elements Compounds Wood Fossil fuels
Natural gas Coal
Examples
Oxides
Sulphides
Carbonates
Silicates Uses
Fuel
Synthetic
materials
Solvent
Metal oxide Metal sulphide
Petroleum
fractions
Uses
Glass
Ceramics
Electronic
chips
Optical
fibres
Examples
Clay
Feldspar
Asbestos
Mica
Jade
Uses
Cement
Tiles
Drying agent
Reduce soil acidity
Examples
Marble
Limestone
Coral
Shells
Egg shells
Examples
Sand
Quartz
Silicon
Oxygen
Silicon
Oxygen
Metals
Metals
Oxygen Sulphur
Non-metals
reacts with metal reacts with metal
Petroleum
Silicates
Silica
include
examples
divided into
contains
such as
heat
add a
little
water
add more water
contain
contain
fractional
distillation
Silicon
compounds
Calcium
compounds
Calcium hydroxide
solution (limewater)
contains
reacts with acid
Salt + water +
carbon dioxide
Calcium
Carbon
Oxygen
Calcium
carbonate
Calcium
oxide
(quicklime)
Calcium
hydroxide
(slaked lime)
Minerals Natural Fuel Resources
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 7 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
7
Static electrical charges Current Magnets
Voltage
Resistance
Electromagnet
Direction of current
Ohms law
Rubbing
certain
substances
together
Like charges
repel each
other
Unlike charges
attract each
other
Positive
charges
Negative
charges
Series
circuit
Parallel
circuit
Magnetic
field
Magnetic field
lines
Closer together
when magnetic
field is
stronger
From north
pole to south
pole
Current flowing
through conductor
Magnetic field
around conductor
Temporary
magnet
V
R =
I
types of
electric
circuits
electrical
quantities
is the
study of
Electrostatics Electricity Magnetism
Electromagnetism
produced
by
flow to
produce
relationship
known as
properties
principle
used in produces
have
can be
represented by
distance
between
lines
direction
direction
depends on
is a
poles depend on
types
ELECTRICITY
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 8 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
8
Diesel
Nuclear
Brown Blue
Hydroelectric
Power station
Transformer station
Switch zone
National Grid Network
Main substation
Step-up Step-down
Branch substations
Mains fuse Electric meter
P = VI
Energy use = Power Time
To prevent current that is too large from flowing in a circuit Fuse
Fuse
3-Pin plug
Socket
To carry current leakage to the earth Earth wire
Thermal
Gas turbine
Mains
switch
Circuit
breaker
Green and
yellow stripes
Live
wire
Neutral
wire
Electrical
appliance
Power
circuit
Earth
wire
Lighting
circuit
Cost of Electrical Energy Usage
Fuse and Earth Wire
Transformers
G
E
N
E
R
A
T
I
O
N
O
F
E
L
E
C
T
R
I
C
I
T
Y
Types of
Generators
Home Wiring
System
Electricity
Transmission
and Distribution
System
used in
contain
live wire
formulae for calculations
function
function
neutral wire
2 types
contains
colour colour colour
for fixing to
connected to
Consumer unit
earth
wire
has
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 9 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
9
Atmosphere
Corona Photosphere
Temperature
Colour
Elliptical Irregular
Milky Way
Brightness Nebula Galaxy
Chromosphere
Prominence
Solar flare
Sunspot
Climate Aurora Satellites
Core
Heat
Size Red giant
Light
Red Blue
White dwarf Supernova
Supergiant
Nuclear
reactions
Neutron
star
Black
hole
Communications
systems
Phenomena
occurring on Suns
surface
Sun Stars
is made up of
location of consists of
produce
determines
coolest hottest
large star super-large star
includes
classified by
include
formed
in death of
a star
millions or billions
form a
classified by
shape into
has effects on Earth
such as
STARS AND GALAXIES
Spiral
small and
medium-sized
stars
large and
super-large
stars
Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd 10 Concept Maps Science Form 3
Chapter
10
Rocket
Telescope Space probe Space station
Space shuttle Satellite
Weather Defence
Forestry
Geology
Agriculture
Satellite
Communications Navigation
Scientists, astronomers
and their contributions
technology
related to space
involving
used in
applied in
the field of
SPACE EXPLORATION
Developments in the
Field of Astronomy
Applications of
Technology Related
to Space
Disaster
management
Remote sensing
Developments in
Space Exploration