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Sociology and Anthropology

Syllabus Outline I. Principles and Foundation of Sociology and Anthropology II. The Person and the Society III. The Social Institutions IV. Social Changes

Anthropology

Anthropology
Who are you? What makes you? What is your place in this world?

Anthropology
Etymological Definition anthropos (Greek) = man logos (Greek) = study Essential Definition Brach of knowledge which deals with the scientific study of man, his works, body, behavior and values within a specific time and space.

Anthropology
scientific
physical, subject to time and space human evolution fossils of man geographical population processes of change archeological and prehistoric

Anthropology
mans works, body, behavior and values Discovers when, where and why humans appeared on earth Why there are variations in physical features Ancient customs and practices

Anthropology
Man
Focal point of anthropological investigation and analysis Regardless of color, affiliation, belief, technology

Anthropology
Man works and achievements Arts Architecture Technology Sculpture Literature Music

Anthropology
How and why man have changed How and why societies across culture and time have different customary ideas and practices Belief, politics, religion, social life, aesthetics, health

Branches of Anthropology
Racial history Physical Paleontology

Anthropology

Cultural

Human genetics Ethnography

Archeology Ethnology Linguistics Social Anthropology

Branches of Anthropology
1. Physical / biological Anthropology
Biology + culture Paleontology (origin of man) Evolution of race Racial classifications Racial differentiations (human genetics)

Branches of Anthropology
2. Cultural Anthropology
Social heritage and customs Technology Economic life community organizations Family life Secret societies Government Law Religion Arts

Branches of Anthropology
Ethnography Cultural Anthropology Social Anthropology Ethnology

Branches of Anthropology
2. Cultural Anthropology (subdivisions)
Ethnography (pure description of culture)

Branches of Anthropology
2. Cultural Anthropology (subdivisions)
Ethnology (comparison of one culture with another)

Branches of Anthropology
2. Cultural Anthropology (subdivisions)
Ethnology (comparison of one culture with another)

Branches of Anthropology
2. Cultural Anthropology (subdivisions)
-- Social Anthropology (generalizations on social life; enthnology + ethnography)

Branches of Anthropology
3. Archeology
Mans prehistoric culture and society Fossils (organic) Artifacts (man made)

Branches of Anthropology
4. Linguistics
Recorded and unrecorded languages Relationship between language and culture

Sociology

Sociology
Who are the people around you? What is their story? How do these stories affect you?

Sociology
Etymological Definition socius (Latin) = group / partners logos (Greek) = study sociology coined by August Comte (French philosopher, 1798-1857)

Essential Definition Scientific study of patterns of human interaction that deals with the study of group life (Joseph Fichter).

Sociology
scientific
Body of knowledge of patterned structure Utilizes scientific methodology Investigates the social world Inquires how groups are formed Determines how groups affect the individual and vice versa

Sociology
Human interactions
Social relations Story of people Ways toward each other Social behavior (and not of the individual) Changes taking place within society

Socio-Anthropology and Other Social Sciences


Sociology

Economics

Anthropology

History

Political Science Psychology

Socio-Antrhopology and Other Social Sciences


Psychology
study of processes of the mind such as perception, attitudes, values and their determinants

History
Study of the past events and their context that possess social significance

Socio-Antrhopology and Other Sciences


Economics
Study of the production, distribution and allocation of material goods and services f the society

Political Science
Studies the ways people govern themselves through government structure and relationships with other institutions

Forms of Sociology
Micro sociology (study of group life in close-up)

Macro sociology (attempt to explain the fundamental patterns processes of social relations)

Areas of Sociology
1. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION 2. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

3. SOCIAL CHANGE AND SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION

SOCIOLOGY

4. HUMAN ECOLOGY

7. APPLIED SOCIOLOGY

6. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY AND METHOD

5. POPULATION AND DEMOGRAPHY

Areas of Sociology
1. Social organization
study of the various social institutions, social groups, social stratification, social mobility, bureaucracy, ethnic groups and relations.

Areas of Sociology
2. Social Psychology
study of human nature as an outcome of group life, social attitudes, collective behavior and personality formation.

Areas of Sociology
3. Social change and disorganization
study of change in culture and social relations and disruptions that may occur in the society.

Areas of Sociology
4. Human ecology
study of nature and behavior of a given population as an outcome of group life, social attitudes, collective behavior and personality formation.

Areas of Sociology
5. Population / Demography
study of population number, composition, change and quality as they affect the socioeconomic-political system.

Areas of Sociology
6. Sociological theory and method
concerned with the applicability of principles and theories of group life to social environment.

Areas of Sociology
7. Applied sociology
use of sociological researches in various fields such as criminology, social work, community development and other social issues.

Areas

1.Physical anthropology 2. Cultural anthropology 3. Archeology 4. Linguistics

1. Social organization 2. Social psychology 3. Social change and social disorganization

4. Human ecology
5. Population and demography 6. Sociological theory and method 7. Applied sociology

Researchable topics
Effects of migration in the life style of village people The effects of OFW phenomena to family Comparative study of marriage rites of Tagalog and Ilocanos View on death of ancient and modern Filipinos K-12 perception and viability among Fishermen of Laguna The condition of Filipino nurses The naturalization of taboos of advertisements in the Philippines The culture of CFAD students vis--vis other colleges Sexuality and ethos in advertising The economics of fashion among college students Teen age smoking and CFAD students Prostitution among higher education students

Different culture among colleges K-12 and UST Mge eksena sa jeepney The Phenomena of Sabong Qiapo Files: Pananampalataya o Panatisismo Qiapo Files: Anting-anting at Lihim ng Langit Why do jeepney drivers dont use headlights? Ate Yema and her Odyssey

SOCIOLOGY
Focuses on social processes Recent social science Understand way of life, society culture Complimented by anthropological research Originated from Western civilization (historical) Method: particular (sampling)

ANTHROPOLOGY
Focuses on culture Recent social science Understand way of life, society culture Complimented by sociological researches Originated from primitive groups (prehistoric) Method: generic (holistic)

Anthropology and Sociology


Both sciences attempt to understand way of life as manifested by the interdependence of society and culture Sociology zooms in at social process, whereas, Anthropology focuses on culture Anthropological studies are used by social scientists and vice versa Thus, both sciences are intimately related to each otheri.e., humanities.

Methodology of Sociology and Anthropology


Scientific Investigation

Pure / Basic Applied

Search for knowledge for its own sake Less concerned with practical usage of the result Scientific knowledge to solve practical problems Results used in management of business or government, evaluation of social programs, etc.

Methodology of Sociology and Anthropology


Empirical Investigation
Direct experience of the phenomena Use of the senses

Methodology of Sociology and Anthropology


Objectivity
Date must be presented, analyzed and interpreted independently of the researchers own beliefs and value judgments. What you see and not what you want to see

Methodology of Sociology and Anthropology


Ethnical neutrality
Neutral in interpretation of ones findings, without being influenced by his value judgment and convictions about his own culture.

Methodology of Sociology and Anthropology


Sociological Imagination(W. Wright Mills) Locating oneself in the period of the society being studied in der to understand relationships free from social pressures of his time.

Scientific Investigation

Identification of the problem

Gathering of Data

Observation Participant Observation Interview Historical Method Comparative Method Archival research Content analysis

Analysis of Data

Scientific Investigation
Identifying the gap between actually existing and what I. Identification ought to exist in a of the Problem given social situation

Scientific Investigation
Observation use of senses on a social phenomena Participant observation living with the subject community Interview deducing information from resource person/s (may be structured or unstructured) Historical method information from past events Comparative method identifying similarities and differences b/w societies on a particular social issue (marriage, family, deviance, etc.) Archival research use of old records and documents relevant in the understanding of past social events Content analysis understanding the message context and message handing particularly overt communication behavior

II. Gathering of Data

Scientific Investigation
Inferences, generalization, conclusions and recommendations are formulated.

III. Analysis of Data

Relevance of Studying Sociology and Anthropology


Better understanding of culture and society Expansion of our world perspective

Relevance of Sociology and Anthropology


Identification of uniqueness of ones group Provide avenues of respect and acceptance

Relevance of Sociology and Anthropology


Application of Socio-Anthropological knowledge to the production and design of peoples needs.

to formulate how these needs be known to everyone.

Unity amidst diversity

QUIZ