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Chemistry FORM 4

CHAPTER 2: THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM

- CHANGES IN STATE OF MATTER -

LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this chapter, student should able to: 1. Relate the change in state of matter to the change in heat.

2. Relate the change in heat to the change in kinetic energy of particles.


3. Explain the inter-conversion of the state of matter in term of kinetic theory of matter.

CONTENTS
CHANGES IN THE STATE OF MATTER

HEATING AND COOLING GRAF

QUIZ

CHANGES IN THE STATE OF MATTER


MATTER

MELTING

BOILING

SOLID

FREEZING

LIQUID

GAS CONDENSATION

SUBLIMATION SUBLIMATION

KINETIC THEORY OF MATTER


The higher the temperature, the higher the kinetic energy of the particles.
Kinetic energy of particles increases (HEATING)

Heat energy is absorbed

Heat energy is released Kinetic energy of particles decreases (COOLING)

HEATING AND COOLING

CHANGING STATE

CHANGE IN THE STATE OF MATTER

PERUBAHAN KEADAAN JIRIM


TUJUAN: Menentukan takat lebur dan takat beku naftalena, C10H8 HIPOTESIS: Takat lebur dan takat beku naftalena, C10H8 boleh ditentukan elalui graf pemanasan dan graf penyejukan naftalena, C10H8 BAHAN: Serbuk naftalena, air paip RADAS: Tabung didih, bikar, termometer, kaki retort dan pengapit, penunu Bunsen, tungku kaki tiga, kasa dawai, jam randik

PROSEDUR: PENGUMPULAN DATA:


HEATING TIME (min) 0 0.5 TEMPERATURE (C) STATE TIME (min) 0 COOLING TEMPERATURE STATE (C)

GRAF PEMANASAN (Heating Graph)


Suhu / C

Peleburan lengkap Pepejal mula melebur Cecair mula mendidih Pendidihan lengkap

Masa / minit

GRAF PENYEJUKAN (Cooling Graph)


Suhu / C Kodensasi lengkap

Pembekuan lengkap

Gas mula terkondensasi Cecair mula membeku

Suhu kekal pada suhu bilik

Masa / minit

TUTORIAL
Choose the number of questions below

Good Luck!

1
Content Page

2
Last Page

Figure A

Figure B

1. Refer to the above figure, what is the process involved in transforming figure A to Figure B.

A. Sublimation B. Condensation C. Melting D. Freezing

X Y

2.

Figure shows the cooling graph of liquid naphthalene. Which of the following shows the physical states at X and Y?

X A Solid

Y Liquid

B
C D

Gas
Liquid Liquid

Solid
Gas Solid

FALSE Try again

TRUE! Congratulation...

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