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981016

IC


-3+5

NH4+ N2 N2O NO NO2- NO3(-3) (0) (+1) (+2) (+3) (+5)


NH4+NO2-NO3-
NO2- >NH4+> NO3-

-
NH4+ NH3

NH3 + H2O NH4+ + OH pH<8NH4+


NH34-7%
NH3 NH4+
NO2-NO3-
N2

-
NO2-

NH4+NO2- NO3 2NO2-+O2 2NO3--------------------------(1)


2HNO2-+O2 2HNO32H++ 2NO3-----(2)

-
NO3-

Bladder
CancerOvary Cancer



86%

-
NO3-

NO3-

- N10mg/L
44.3 mg/L

NO3-NO2-
NO3-(mg/L as N)

NO2-(mg/L as N)

25

10

100

10

10

0.1

10

0.1

(1)
(2)


UV-Vis
NH4+ : Nessler()K2HgI4

=425 nm
NO2- NO2- N-(1Naphthyl)-Ethylenediamine Dihydrochloride
=543 nm
NO3- NO3-95C
=410 nm
IC

IC
IC

IC

IC :-
Chromatography
Gas ChromatographyGC

Liquid ChromatographyLC
(High Performance Liquid
Chromatography, HPLC)

(Ion Chromatography, IC)

Thin-Layer Chromatography, TLC

IC :-Ion hromatography

IC :IC
8

F-

NO2-

Cl-

SO42-

NO3-

mS

Br-

HPO42-

0
0

10

12

Retention time(min)

14

16

IC :IC

4
Na+

K+

NH4+

3
S

Mg2+

Ca2+

2
1
0
0

6
8
10
Retention time (min)

12

14

IC : IC

()

()

Sub-PPb

IC :NO2- &
NO3-, SO32-&SO42-
8

F-

NO2-

Cl-

SO42-

NO3-

mS

Br-

HPO42-

0
0

10

12

Retention time(min)

14

16

IC :
Fe3+&Fe2+,Cr3+&Cr6+ .
0.2
Fe3+

Mn2+
Co2+

Cu2+ Zn2+

AU

Ni2+

Cd2+
Fe2+

0.0
0

6
8
10 12
Retention time (min)

14

IC : IC

IC : IC

IC : IC

Eluent

Column

Detection cell

Sample injection valve

Pump

F-

ClNO2-

Suppressor

Br-

NO3-

SO42HPO42-

Detector

Separation
Pumping Injection

Detection

Recording

IC : IC-

IC : IC-

IC : IC-



Temporal

course

IC : IC-
Suppressor
Conductivity

NaF,NaCl,NaNO3
Na2HPO4,Na2SO4
Back Ground Na2CO3 / NaHCO3

(700S)

Retention time

Conductivity

NaF

NaCl

NaNO3

Na2SO4

Na2HPO4
Back Ground Na2CO3 / NaHCO3

(700S)

Retention time

Waste
Conductivity

HF HCl

H2SO4
HNO3

H3PO4

Back Ground H2CO3 (15S)


Retention time

IC : IC-
Suppressor


sensitivity
Na+,

Cl-

H+, Cl-

(Eluent) :
noise

Na+,

HCO3-

Na+,

OH-

H2CO3
H2O

ICnitritenitrate

(NO3-)IC

:
IC