You are on page 1of 39

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING

PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 1

Uhde India Limited

CONTENTS Page 0.0 Cover Sheet List of drawings 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Introduction Location Access for Operation & Maintenance Key Words Steps to do Heat Exchanger Piping Heat Exchanger Piping 1 2-3 4 4-5 5 6 6-7 7-8

Applicable Revision: Prepared:

Checked:

Approved:

Date: First Edition: R0 Prepared: AKB

Date: Checked: TNG

Date: Approved: RUD

Date: File Name:

Date: Server: PUNE: KUMUS 207

Date: VKO: KUMUS 209

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 2

Uhde India Limited

SR.NO. DWG.NO.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 HEP1 HEP2 HEP3 HEP4 HEP5 HEP6 HEP7 HEP8 HEP9 HEP10 HEP11 HEP12 HEP13 HEP14 HEP15 HEP16 HEP17 HEP18 HEP19 HEP20 HEP21 HEP22 HEP23 HEP24 HEP25

DESCRIPTION
EXCHANGER APPLICATION SHOWN ON A PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER WITH REMOVABLE TUBE BUNDLE SAMPLE OF TUBE AND SHELL EXCHANGER PASSES TYPES OF EXCHANGER : SHELL & TUBE, PLATE TYPE & AIR COOLER EXCHANGER AIR COOLER EXCHANGER CONSTRUCTION DETAILS TYPICAL PLOT PLAN OF SEVERAL EXCHANGER APPLICATION ARRANGEMENT OF EXCHANGERS AND OPERATING SPACE BETWEEN PIPING SAMPLE EXCHANGER ORIENTATION SAMPLE SINGLE & PAIRED EXCHANGER/PARALLEL & SERIES INSTALLATIONS STACKED EXCHANGER INSTALLATION SAMPLE STRUCTURE MOUNTED EXCHANGER INSTALLATION TOWER SUPPORTED VERTICAL INSTALLATION & TUBE BUNDLE MAINTENANCE STRUCTURE SUPPORTED VERTICAL INSTALLATION CONTROL AND OPERATOR ACCESS FOR A PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER TYPICAL COLUMN SUPPORTED AIR COOLER ARRANGEMENT TYPICAL FIXED PLATFORM AIR COOLER ARRANGEMENT ALLOWABLE NOZZLE CONFIGURATIONS EFFECT OF ELBOW NOZZLES ON STACKED EXCHANGERS ALTERNATE AIR COOLER NOZZLE CONFIGURATIONS PIPING TO NOZZLES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS ALTERNATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR LOCATING EXCHANGER NOZZLES PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR HORIZONTAL SHELL AND TUBE EXCHANGERS SUPPORTS FOR PIPING ARRANGEMENT PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR UNDERGROUND COOLING WATER SYSTEM PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR STEAM AND CONDENSATE SYSTEM

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 3

Uhde India Limited 26 HEP26

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL REBOILER

SR.NO. DWG.NO.
27 28 29 30 31 HEP27 HEP28 HEP29 HEP30 HEP31

DESCRIPTION
PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE FEED EXCHANGERS PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR FEED EXCHANGERS PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR SPIRAL EXCHANGERS PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR PLATE EXCHANGERS OVERHEAD PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR A CONDENSING AIR COOLER

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 4

Uhde India Limited 1.0

INTRODUCTION Heat Exchangers are widely used equipments in the chemical, petrochemical and refinery type of plant. The control of heat within a plant operation is done by direct heat application in a furnace, or by heat exchange in a shell and tube exchanger / plate heat exchanger. Types of heat exchanger may be Shell and Tube, Aircooled (Fin-Fan), Plate type or Coil type(spiral). Various process duties of heat exchanger have an effect on the layout aspects viz. a. Exchange of sensible heat between two process fluids. b. Cooling with air or water. c. Chilling with refrigerated liquid. d. Heating with steam or hot water. e. Condense by water or a cold process stream. f. Vapourising by steam (e.g. column reboiler) or any heat transfer liquid. Fixed tube exchangers are used when the temperature differences between shell side and tube side fluid are small. Floating head or U-type exchangers are used where there is a significant temperature difference. Kettle -type reboilers are used for evaporation in case of limiting pressure drop, otherwise vertical reboilers are used for evaporation. Plate heat exchangers are generally used in low-pressure, low temperature applications. The plate exchanger occupies less space than shell and tube exchanger for equivalent heat exchanger surface. Aircoolers are used for overhead condensers of column and consist of fin-tube bundles with a header box to each end, having inlet on top of header-box at one end and outlet on bottom of header box at the other end.

1.1

1.2

1.3

Various types of heat exchangers with application are illustrated in the schematic flow diagram HEP1. The various parameters applied to heat exchangers are illustrated in Fig., HEP2, HEP3, HEP4 & HEP5. For single pass arrangement of air-cooler exchangers, inlet nozzles are mounted on the top of the header box and the outlet nozzles are located at the opposite end and mounted on the bottom of the header box. For double pass arrangement, the inlet and outlet nozzles are located at the same end. LOCATION Exchangers should be located close to the major equipment with which it is associated in PFD / P&ID. Reboilers are placed next to their respective towers and condensers are placed over reflux drums. Exchangers between two distant pieces of process equipment should be placed at optimal points in relationship to piperacks. Most exchangers are to be located at grade level with elevations to have a clearance of 1m above Finished Ground Level (FGL). Elevated exchangers may be necessary to fulfill the NPSH requirement of a downstream centrifugal pump. In case of large numbers of heat exchangers, they are grouped in one or more category to save pipe work, structural work, provision of lifting and maintenance facilities, platform requirement etc. Paired or grouped exchnagers shall be spaced to allow minimum 450mm preferrably 600mm between the outside of adjacent channel or bonnet flanges to facilitate access to flange bolts during

1.4

2.0

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 5

Uhde India Limited

maintenance. Adequate space shall be provided on either side of paired exchanger and at both ends of grouped exchanger for control and operator access as illustrated in Fig.HEP9. Groups of exchangers should be generally located by the alignment of channel nozzles in a vertical plane so as to present an aesthetic appearance. The support saddle with oblong holes for provision of thermal expansion are normally located on the saddle farthest from the channel end but the final location depends on the plant layout and the stress analysis of the connected piping. Exchanger piping should be as direct and simple as possible by considering alternatives such as arranging exchangers side by side / stacking them for reversing flows. Exchangers are sometimes mounted on structures, process columns and other equipment. Special arrangements for maintenance and tube cleaning should be provided in such cases.

3.0

ACCESS FOR OPERATION & MAINTENANCE Internals of heat exchanger require periodic cleaning and repair. It is important that exchangers and the surrounding piping are arranged to facilitate access to the internal parts.

3.1

Horizontal clearance of at least 900mm should be left between exchangers flange to flange or exchanger flanges to piping. Where space is limited, clearance may be reduced between alternate exchangers but in no case clearance over insulation between channel flanges shall be less than 600mm. The channel ends of exchangers should face the local access road for tube bundle removal and the shell cover should face the piperack. Pulled out bundles should not extend over main access road. A typical exchanger arrangement with clearance for access, operation and maintenance is shown in Fig.HEP7. Access for tube bundle removal is usually 500mm more than the bundle length.

3.2

3.3

Mobile equipment should be used for handling tube bundles and covers at grade level. Expensive built-in facilities e.g. lifting beams, monorails to be kept minimum. The use of tube-bundle extractor eliminates the need for permanent tube bundle removal structures. These mechanisms weigh around seven tons and are capable of pull forces about 500,000lbs. The tube-bundle is held in position by crane and balanced by the extractor's leveling cradle and pulled out of its shell with pull rod attachments that use hydraulic force. For air-cooled exchangers, platform arrangements must suit maintenance access requirements. Considerations must be given to fin-tube bundle removal, tube rodding out at header boxes, motor and fan access. Provision of easily removable spool pieces, flanged elbows, break flanges or short pipe runs will be helpful for maintenance of exchangers. Illustrations for exchanger location in unit plot plan alongwith the provisions of operating and maintenance space, accessibility are shown thru' Fig.HEP6, HEP7, HEP8, HEP9, HEP10, HEP11, HEP12, HEP13, HEP14, HEP15 & HEP16 as typical cases.

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 6

Uhde India Limited

4.0

KEY WORDS Shell and Tube Fixed head Floating head Channel End Bonnet End Channel Flange Tube bundle removal Air Cooler (Fin-Fan) Header Box Nozzle loads Platform Support Structure Stacked heat exchanger Elbow nozzle. Monorail Maintenance accessway

Plate type heat exchanger Inlet port Back flashing Plates and gaskets Removal of individual plate

5.0 Step 1 : Step 2 :

"STEPS TO DO HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING" Collect the mech. spec. of the heat exchanger. Study the P&ID around the heat exchanger and identify the relationship with the connected equipment viz. column or reactor. Note the special process (functional) requirement along with the specific arrangement details with respect to level or height difference from other related equipment like pumps. Study the nozzle schedule, its position on the equipment and verify with P&ID. Make a sketch for the relative location and level. Find out the tube cleaning space in case shell & tube Heat Exchanger as well as the maintenance space of tube bundle length. Locate the control valve stations both for shell side and tube side fluids. Decide the flanged joints location for replacement of Heat Exchanger / maintenance facility. Check, in general, that cooled streams flow downwards and heated streams flow upwards. This arrangement is mandatory when there is a change of phase, desirable when the streams are liquid but not important when the streams are gas or vapour or there is no super heating, super cooling.

Step 3 :

Step 4 : Step 5 :

Step 6 : Step 7 : Step 8 :

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 7

Uhde India Limited Step 9 :

Check, piping should not foul with exchanger removal either in the horizontal direction for bundle-pulling nor in the vertical for whole exchanger removal. Check, locally mounted PI, TI on equipment or process lines, sight glasses and level indicators are visible from access aisles and valves are accessible from the aisles. Mark the supports / support arrangement on the piping study. Ensure accessibility / operation facility for all valves as well as the clearance kept are not less than the recommended minimum requirement.

Step 10:

Step 11: Step 12:

6.0 6.1

HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING SHELL & TUBE After all the required information has been collected for the piping design of a heat exchanger, the first step is to outline clearance and working space in front and around both ends of the exchanger. These working spaces should be kept clear of any piping and accessories to facilitate channel, shell-cover and tube-bundle removal as well as maintenance and cleaning. The free space at the side of horizontal shell can be used for placement of control stations. The piping is elevated from grade to have a clearance of 300mm above the grade level. The piping connected to channel head nozzles should be furnished with break flanges to facilitate the removal of the channel head. Steam lines connecting to a header in the yard can be arranged on either side of the exchanger centerline without increasing the pipe length. Cooling-water lines, if under ground, should run right under the lined-up channel nozzles of all coolers. Access to valve hand wheels and instruments will influence the piping arrangement around heat exchangers. Valve handwheels should be accessible from grade and from a convenient accessway. These accessways should be used for arranging manifolds, control valves and instruments. Fig. HEP 20, HEP21, HEP22, HEP23, HEP24, HEP25, HEP26, HEP27 & HEP28 illustrates some typical piping arrangement around shell & tube exchangers.

6.2

PLATE & SPIRAL EXCHANGERS Piping at spiral and plate exchangers is also arranged to allow opening of covers and removal of plates. Controls at the spiral exchanger are located on the ends of the unit, clear of the cover plate swing area, piping attachment to cover plate nozzles of spiral exchanger will have break flanges. Controls for plate exchanger are located at the front and one side of the exchanger. The piping is elevated to have clearance from grade as well as convenience for operation of valves. Fig.HEP29 and HEP30 illustrates the typical piping arrangements around spiral & plate exchangers.

TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING


PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. Page : R0 : 8

Uhde India Limited

6.3

AIR COOLERS Piping for air coolers a not routed over tube banks or fans and should be kept clear of the re designated space for motor maintenance. Fig.HEP31 illustrates the typical piping arrangements around air coolers.

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP1

Uhde India Limited

Page

EXCHANGER APPLICATION SHOWN ON A PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

CONDENSER (AIR COOLER)

AIR

HEATER

STEAM WATER COOLER

SHELL & TUBE

SHELL & TUBE


EXCHANGER PROCESS

SHELL & TUBE


REBOILER STEAM

CHILLER

SHELL & TUBE

KETTLE
REFRIGERANT

REFRIGERATION PACKAGE

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP2

Uhde India Limited

Page

SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER WITH REMOVABLE TUBE BUNDLE

CHANNEL COVER CHANNEL HEAD NOZZLE 1ST FLUID ENTERS (COLD) 2ND FLUID LEAVES (WARM) SHELL NOZZLE RELIEF VALVE CONNECTION REMOVABLE TUBE BUNDLE SHELL NOZZLE

PACKED FLOATING TUBE-SHEET FLOATING HEAD RING 2ND FLUID ENTERS (HOT)

SHELL VENT

REAR HEAD DRAIN

DRAIN DRAIN 1ST FLUID LEAVES HEAD NOZZLE SADDLE BAFFLE(TYP) SADDLE

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP3

Uhde India Limited

Page

SAMPLE OF TUBE AND SHELL EXCHANGER PASSES

HORIZONTAL BAFFLE IN OUT

VERTICAL BAFFLES

OUT TUBE SIDE SHELL SIDE

IN

KEY ITEMS FOR A TYPICAL SHELL AND TUBE EXCHANGER

CHANNEL HEAD HORIZONTAL BAFFLE TUBE NOZZLE TUBE BUNDLE VERTICAL BAFFLES SHELL COVER

TUBE SIDE HEAD COVER

FIXED TUBE SHEET

SHELL SIDE

SHELL

SUPPORT SADDLE (TYP)

SHELL NOZZLE

FLOATING HEAD COVER

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP4

Uhde India Limited

Page

SHELL AND TUBE EXCHANGER

PLATE EXCHANGER

AIR COOLER EXCHANGER

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP5

Uhde India Limited

Page

AIR COOLER EXCHANGER CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

HEADER BOX

FAN HOUSING

TUBE BANK

INLET NOZZLE

MOTOR

SUPPORT STEEL

OUTLET NOZZLE

MOTOR ACCESS PLATFORM

MOTOR SUPPORT BEAM TUBE BANK

HEADER BOX

INLET NOZZLE

SUPPORT CHANNEL

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP6

Uhde India Limited

Page

TYPICAL PLOT PLAN OF SEVERAL EXCHANGER APPLICATION

C COLUMN L PLATE EXCHANGER

HIGH PRESSURE EXCHANGERS HORIZONTAL REBOILER

AIR COOLED CONDENSERS

C COLUMN L

C COLUMN L DOUBLE PIPE EXCHANGER TRIM CONDENSERS

KETTLE TYPE EXCHANGER C COLUMN L VERTICAL REBOILER C COLUMN L

SPIRAL EXCHANGERS

PRODUCT COOLERS

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP7

Uhde India Limited

Page

(a)

ARRANGEMENT OF EXCHANGERS WITH 2'-6" OPERATING SPACE BETWEEN PIPING

2" MIN. CLEARANCE 2'-6" (750) 2" MIN. SPACE FOR PULLING TUBES 2'-6" (750) ACCESS

PIPERACK

6' (1800)

L FEET

(0.8)(L)FEET

8FEET (2500)

(b)

ARRANGEMENT OF EXCHANGERS WITH 2'-0" MAINTENANCE SPACE BETWEEN PAIRED UNITS AND 2'-6"OPERATING SPACE BETWEEN PIPING.

2" MIN. PIPERACK CLEARANCE 2'-6" (750) 2" MIN.

2' (600)

SPACE FOR PULLING TUBES

ACCESS

2'

6' (1800)

L FEET

(0.8)(L)FEET

8FEET (2500)

(1) SHOW OUTLINES OF EXCHANGER SUPPORTS OR FOUNDATIONS BEFORE ARRANGING PIPING. (2) ADD THICKNESS OF INSULATION FOR EXCHANGER SHELLS AND CONNECTED PIPING TO CLEARANCE AS SHOWN. (3) PROVIDE ADDITIONAL CLEARANCE TO THE 2'-6"(750) OPERATING SPACE IF VALVE HANDWHEELS AND VALVE STEMS, etc., PROTRUDE, DEPENDING ON PIPING ARRANGEMENT.

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP8

Uhde India Limited

Page

SAMPLE EXCHANGER ORIENTATION

BONNET REMOVAL AREA

TUBE BUNDLE REMOVAL AREA

C TOWER L

- CHANNEL END TO FACE MAINTENANCE ACCESS WAY FOR TUBE BUNDLE REMOVAL. - PROVISION OF ADEQUATE SPACE FOR BONNET REMOVAL.

AUXILIARY ROAD OR MAINTENANCE ACCESS WAY

DAVIT

CHANNEL END

C PIPE RACK COLUMNS L

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP9

Uhde India Limited

Page

SAMPLE SINGLE AND PAIRED EXCHANGER


TOWER

DRUM CONTROL VALVE (TYP.) 18"/.450 MINIMUM

OPERATOR ACCESS

OPERATOR ACCESS

OPERATOR ACCESS

SINGLE EXCHANGER

PAIRED EXCHANGERS

PARALLEL EXCHANGER INSTALLATIONS

CONTROL VALVE (TYP.)

OPERATOR ACCESS

OPERATOR ACCESS

SERIES EXCHANGER INSTALLATIONS


CONTROL VALVE (TYP.)

OPERATOR ACCESS

OPERATOR ACCESS

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP10

Uhde India Limited

Page

STACKED EXCHANGER INSTALLATION

ELBOW NOZZLE 12'-0"/3600 (MAXIMUM WITHOUT PLATFORM) SAME SERVICE SPACE FRAME OPERATOR ACCESS AREA

SAME SERVICE

DISSIMILAR SERVICE

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP11

Uhde India Limited

Page

SAMPLE STRUCTURE MOUNTED EXCHANGER INSTALLATION

4'-0"/1.200 MIN.(TYP.)

TUBE END

TUBE BUNDLE REMOVAL AREA

18"/.450 MIN.

AUXILIARY ROAD OR MAINTENANCE ACCESS WAY

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP12

Uhde India Limited

Page

TOWER SUPPORTED VERTICAL INSTALLATION

TUBE BUNDLE REMOVAL AREA TOWER ALTERNATIVE CHANNEL DESIGN LUG & SPRING 2'/600 TO 5'/1500

PLATFORM REBOILER HITCH POINTS FOR COVER REMOVAL 12'-0"/ 3600 MAXIMUM WITHOUT PLATFORM 3'-0"/ 900 MIN. VESSEL NOZZLE LUG & SPRING 1"/.025 GAP

COVER REMOVAL AREA

TUBE BUNDLE MAINTENANCE

PLATFORM SUPPORT STEEL

ADD 1"/.025 SHIM

GUIDE

UN-BOLT

REMOVE CHANNEL SECTION

EXTRACT TUBE-BUNDLE

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP13

Uhde India Limited

Page

STRUCTURE SUPPORTED VERTICAL INSTALLATION

TUBE BUNDLE REMOVAL AREA

MINIMUM 4'-0"/1200 (TYP.)

LUGS

6'-0"/1800 (MAXIMUM) PLATFORM 18"/450 MINIMUM 12'-0"/3600 MAXIMUM WITHOUT PLATFORM 3'-0"/900 MINIMUM

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP14

Uhde India Limited

Page

CONTROL AND OPERATOR ACCESS FOR A PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER

PLATE REMOVAL AREA

OPERATOR ACCESS

CONTROL ASSY. SPACE (TYP.)

OPERATOR ACCESS

C PIPE RACK COLUMN L

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP15

Uhde India Limited

Page

TYPICAL COLUMN-SUPPORTED AIR COOLER ARRANGEMENT

INDUCED DRAFT AIR COOLER

MOTOR

7'-0"/2100 MIN.

MOTOR

(TYP.)

HEADER BOX PLATFORM

MAINTENANCE PLATFORM

OPERATOR ACCESS

(TYP.)

LADDER

PIPE RACK

ADDITIONAL PLATFORM IF LADDER RUN IS LONGER

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP16

Uhde India Limited

Page

TYPICAL FIXED PLATFORM AIR COOLER ARRANGEMENT

LADDER TO MAINTENANCE PLATFORM (TYP.)

HEADER BOX PLATFORM (TYP.)

LADDER TO GRADE (TYP.)

MOTOR (TYP.)

PIPE RACK COLUMNS

MAINTENANCE PLATFORM

AIR COOLER SUPPORT BEAM

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP17

Uhde India Limited

Page

ALLOWABLE NOZZLE CONFIGURATIONS

SINGLE PASS SHELL

DOUBLE PASS SHELL

SINGLE SPLIT FLOW SHELL

DOUBLE SPLIT FLOW SHELL

SINGLE PASS SHELL

DOUBLE PASS SHELL

KETTLE TYPE REBOILER

SINGLE PASS SHELL

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP18

Uhde India Limited

Page

EFFECT OF ELBOW NOZZLES ON STACKED EXCHANGERS

ELBOW NOZZLES

REDUCTION IN SPACE

ALTERNATIVE `A'

REDUCED SPACE

ALTERNATIVE `B'

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP19

Uhde India Limited

Page

ALTERNATE AIR COOLER NOZZLE CONFIGURATIONS

SINGLE PASS OUTLET NOZZLE LOCATION

INLET NOZZLE LOCATION

AIR COOLERS

DOUBLE PASS OUTLET LOCATION

C TOWER L

REFLUX DRUM GRAVITY FLOW

ALTERNATE LOCATION

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP20

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING TO NOZZLES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS

TO ALLOW LIFTING OF REAR HEAD FOR MAINTENANCE, PIPE MAY BE OFF SET AS SHOWN, OR A SHORT SPOOL CAN BE PROVIDED. REMOVABLE SPOOL

12"MIN. FOR WRENCH ACCESS

LINES SUPPORTED UNDER AN EXCHANGER ARE SOMETIMES INSUFFICIENTLY FLEXIBLE. THE FLANGED JOINT AT THE HEAD NOZZLE TO BE PARTED AFTER REMOVAL OF BOLTS. IF THIS IS LIKELY A SHORT REMOVABLE SPOOL TO THE HEAD NOZZLE SHOULD BE PROVIDED.

C EXCHANGER L

ALLOW SPACE FOR PULLING TUBES OBLIQUE OFFSETS IN PIPING SIMILIAR TO THOSE SHOWN. ALLOW EXCHANGERS TO BE PLACED CLOSER. CONSIDER REQUEST TO VENDOR DIFFERENT NOZZLE TYPES, ORIENTATIONS AND LOCATION TO OBTAIN THE BEST PLANT ARRANGEMENT. 90ELBOW NOZZLE 90ELBOW NOZZLE

TUBE BUNDLE LENGTH+450MM

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP21

Uhde India Limited

Page

ALTERNATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR LOCATING EXCHANGER NOZZLES

ALTERNATIVE `A'

ALTERNATIVE `B'

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP22

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR HORIZONTAL SHELL AND TUBE EXCHANGERS

450

450

OPERATOR ACCESS ACCESS TO FLANGE BOLTS (ALL AROUND) MAINTENANCE ACCESS

600 TO 900

MAINTENANCE ACCESS

CONTROL STATIONS

C PIPE RACK L COLUMN

TUBE BUNDLE REMOVAL AREA= TUBE LENGTH + 450 CHECK CLEARANCE AT SUPPORT ACCESS TO VALVES & INSTRUMENTS

C TOWER L

PIPE RACK

RUN PIPING AT COMMON ELEVATION TO SUIT PIPE RACK ELEVATIONS

MAINTAIN CLEARANCE AT DAVIT

BREAK FLANGES

MAINTENANCE ACCESS

MAINTENANCE ACCESS ALTERNATE LOCATION FOR CONTROL STATIONS OPERATOR ACCESS

CONTROL STATIONS

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP23

Uhde India Limited

Page

SUPPORTS FOR PIPING ARRANGEMENT

INTERMEDIATE SUPPORT REQUIRED FOR PIPING THAT IS OVER SPANNED BETWEEN PIPE RACK AND EXCHANGERS

DUMMY LEG/ TRUNNION

ATTACH STEEL FRAME TO CONCRETE SUPPORT

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP24

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR UNDERGROUND COOLING WATER SYSTEM

THI

USE SPOOL PIECE FOR BUTTERFLY VALVES

COOLING WATER SUPPLY COOLING WATER RETURN CHECK CLEARANCE WITH FOUNDATIONS

ANTIFREEZE BYPASS

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP25

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR STEAM AND CONDENSATE SYSTEM

CONDENSATE CONTROL VALVE

CONDENSATE POT

STEAM CONTROL VALVE

LEVEL GAUGE

ELEVATION OF CONDENSATE POT SET BY PROCESS CONDITIONS

TRUNNION SUPPORT

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP26

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR HORIZONTAL REBOILER

SYMMETRICAL PIPING

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR VERTICAL REBOILER

LUGS

INDEPENDENT STRUCTURE SUPPORTING REBOILER

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP27

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE. HIGH PRESSURE FEED EXCHANGERS

HIGH TEMPERATURE, HIGH PRESSURE ALLOY PIPING

PROVIDE LOOP IN PIPING FOR FLEXIBILITY

PROVIDE SPRING SUPPORT AT CENTER EXCHANGER CHANNEL END ONLY

ALTERNATIVE `A'

ALTERNATIVE `B' COST EFFECTIVE

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP28

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR FEED EXCHANGERS

LOCATE PIPING BENEATH PLATFORM FOR EASE OF SUPPORT

COOLING WATER

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP29

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR SPIRAL EXCHANGERS

OPERATOR ACCESS

CONTROL VALVE

COVER PLATE SWING AREA REMOVABLE SPOOL (TYP.)

PIPE RACK COLUMN

CONTROL VALVE

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP30

Uhde India Limited

Page

PIPING ARRANGEMENT FOR PLATE TYPE EXCHANGERS

PLATE REMOVAL AREA

OPERATOR ACCESS

CONTROL VALVE (TYP.)

C PIPE RACK COLUMN L

CONTROL VALVES

PLAN

ELEVATION

TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING PIPING STUDY HEAT EXCHANGER

DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1004 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1


DWG. NO. : HEP31

Uhde India Limited

Page

OVERHEAD PIPING ARRANGEMENTS FOR A CONDENSING AIR COOLER

AIR COOLER

EXTENDED AIR COOLER SUPPORT STEEL TO SUPPORT OVERHEAD LINE. C TOWER L

COST EFFECTIVE ALTERNATE ROUTING, IF PIPING IS FLEXIBLE AND CAN SPAN DISTANCE WITHOUT INTERMEDIATE SUPPORT.

AIR COOLER

C TOWER L FOR FLEXIBILITY, THE AIR COOLER CAN BE POSITIONED WITH THE INLET NOZZLES ON THE FAR CENTERLINES OF THE PIPE RACK COLUMNS. THE AIR COOLER SECTIONS SHOULD BE SEGREGATED AND THE STEEL EXTENDED TO SUPPORT THE OVERHEAD PIPING.