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Lab #2 Present Day and Glacial Climate Radiation Budgets Quiz Answers (A) Lab Sections 10, 11,

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Part B: Online (A2L) questions (graded by A2L) (Total: 26 marks) Please note: Choices are randomized by A2L. The correct answer on A2L may not correspond with the letter given below. 3. (3a) What is the correct equation to calculate earthshine? (1 mark) a. (Aa + Cr + Sr) / Kex b. (Ar + Cr + Sr) / Kex c. (Ar + Qh + Sr) / Kex d. (Ar + Cr + Sr - Aa) / Kex (3b) What is the earthshine value for PDC? (1 mark) a. 0.30 b. 0.44 c. 0.05 d. 0.49 (3c) What is the earthshine value for GC? (1 mark) a. 0.58 b. 0.44 c. 0.33 d. 0.25 (Total: 3 Marks) 4. (4a) What is the correct equation to calculate net solar radiation at the surface? (1 mark) a. Kf1 + Kd + Kf2 (Qh + Qe ) b. Kex (Sr + Aa + Cr + Ar ) c. Kf1 + Kd + Kf2 - Sr d. Kf1 + Kd - Kf2- Sr (4b) What is the net solar radiation at the surface for PDC? a. 45 b. 16 c. 15 d. 41 (1 mark)

(4c) What is the net solar radiation at the surface for GC? (1 mark) a. 16 b. 10 c. -8 d. 37 (Total: 3 Marks) 5. (5a) What is the correct equation to calculate net long wave radiation at the surface? (1 mark) a. Las - (La + Ls + Las) b. Las + (La - Ls) c. Las - (Las + Ls) d. Las - (La + Ls) (5b) What is the net long wave radiation at the surface for PDC? (1 mark) a. 27 b. -69 c. 176 d. -16 (5c) What is the net long wave radiation at the surface for GC? (1 mark) a. -10 b. 126 c. 9 d. -59 (Total: 3 Marks) 6. (6a) What is the correct equation to calculate net long wave radiation in the atmosphere? (1 mark) a. La - Las b. La - (Las + Las) c. La - (Las + Las + Ls) d. La + Las (6b) What is the net long wave radiation in the atmosphere for PDC? (1 mark) a. 43 b. 149 c. -54 d. -71 (6c) What is the net long wave radiation in the atmosphere for GC? (1 mark) a. -46 b. 19

c. -53 d. 117 (Total: 3 Marks) 7. (7a) What is the correct equation to calculate net long wave radiation at the atmosphere to space boundary? (1 mark) a. (Las + Ls) - Kex b. (Las + Ls ) - Las c. Las - (Las + Ls ) d. Las + Ls (7b) What is the net long wave radiation at the atmosphere to space boundary for PDC? (1 mark) a. -30 b. 27 c. 70 d. -27 (7c) What is the net long wave radiation at the atmosphere to space boundary for GC? (1 mark) a. -44 b. 56 c. 9 d. -9 (Total: 3 Marks) 8. (8a) What is the correct equation to calculate surface heat flux in the atmosphere? (1 mark) a. Kf1 + Kd + Kf2 (Qh + Qe ) b. Qh + Qe + La c. Qh + Qe + La + Aa d. Qh + Qe (8b) What is the surface heat flux in the atmosphere for PDC? (1 mark) a. 29 b. 125 c. 150 d. 16 (8c) What is the surface heat flux in the atmosphere for GC? (1 mark) a. 95 b. 27 c. 114

d. 10 (Total: 3 Marks) 9. Why is there a difference between the earthshine for the PDC and GC? (2 Marks) a. Earthshine is greater for GC than for PDC due to increased reflection off of Earths surface, which is covered with ice, resulting in higher albedo. b. Earthshine is greater for PDC than for GC due to increased reflection off of earths surface, which is covered with ice, resulting in higher albedo. c. Earthshine is greater for GC than for PDC due to decreased reflection off of earths surface, which is covered with ice, resulting in lower albedo. d. Earthshine is greater for GC than for PDC due to decreased reflection off of earths surface, which is covered with water, resulting in lower albedo. 10. Why is there a difference between the net longwave radiation at the surface and in the atmosphere for the PDC and GC? (2 Marks) a. Differences occur between two climates because radiating body (earth) has lower temperature in PDC than in GC. b. Differences occur between two climates because radiating body (earth) has higher temperature in PDC than in GC. c. Differences occur between two climates because radiating body (earth) has higher temperature in GC than in PDC. d. Differences occur between two climates because radiating body (sun) has higher temperature in GC than in PDC. 11. Why is there a difference between the net longwave radiation at the atmosphere to space boundary for the PDC and GC? (2 Marks) a. Differences occur between two climates because atmosphere has higher temperature in PDC than in GC. b. Differences occur between two climates because atmosphere has lower temperature in PDC than in GC. c. Differences occur between two climates because atmosphere has higher temperature in GC than in PDC. d. Differences occur between two climates because earth has higher temperature in GC than in PDC. 12. Why is there a difference between the surface heat flux in the atmosphere for the PDC and GC? (2 Marks) a. Differences occur between two climates because cooler temperatures of PDC result in increased evaporation of liquid water. b. Differences occur between two climates because warmer temperatures of GC result in increased evaporation of liquid water. c. Differences occur between two climates because warmer temperatures of PDC result in increased evaporation of liquid water. d. Differences occur between two climates because warmer temperatures of PDC result in decreased evaporation of liquid water.