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# M.E / M.

Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION, JANUARY 2010 First Semester Computer Science and Engineering MA9219 - OPERATION RESEARCH (Common to M.E-Network Engineering, M.E-Software Engineering and M.Tech- IT) (Regulation 2009) Time: Three hours Answer all the questions Part A (10*2=20 Marks)
1. Explain the main characteristics of the queuing system.

## 2. State the steady state measures of performance in a queuing system.

3. State Pollaczek - Khinctchine formula for Non - Markovian queuing system.

4. Mention the different types of queuing models in series. 5. What is Monte Carlo simulation? Mention its advantages. 6. Give one application area in which stochastic simulation can be used in practice. 7. Define slack and surplus variable in a linear programming problem.
8. Mention the different methods to obtain an initial basic feasible solution of a transportation

problem. 9. State the Kuhn-Tucker conditions for an optimal solution to a Quadratic programming problem. 10. Define Non-linear programming problem. Mention its uses. Part B (5*16=80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) Explain M / M /1 ( N / FCFS) system and solve it under steady state condition. (8)

(ii) In a railway marshalling yard, goods trains arrive at a rate of 30 trains per day. Assuming that the inter-arrival time follows an exponential distribution and the service time (the time taken to bump a train) distribution is also exponential with an average 36 minutes. Calculate the following (1) The average no of trains in the queue

(2)

The probability that the queue size exceeds 10. If the input of

trains increases to an average 33 per day, what will be changed in (1) and (2)? (8) (Or) (b) (i) Explain the model M / M / S in case of first come first serve basis. Give a suitable illustration. (8)

(ii) An automobile inspection in which there are three inspections stalls. Assume that cars wait in such a way that when stall becomes vacant, the car at the head of the line pulls up to it. The station can accommodate almost four cars waiting (Seven in station) at one time. The arrival pattern is Poisson with a mean of one car every minute during the peak hours. The service time is exponential with mean of 6 minutes. Find the average no of customers in the system during peak hours, the average waiting time and the average number per hour that cannot enter the station because of full capacity. (8)

12. (a) (i) Discuss the queuing model which applied to queuing system having a single service channel, Poisson input, exponential service, assuming that there is no limit on the system capacity while the customers are served on a first in first out basis. (7)

(ii) At a one - man barber shop, customers arrive according to Poisson distribution with a mean arrival rate of 5 per hour and his hair cutting time was exponentially distributed with an average hair cut taking 10 minutes. It is assumed that because of his excellence, reputation customers were always willing to wait. Calculate the following (1) Average number of customers in the shop and the average no of customers waiting for a haircut. (2) The percentage of customers who have to wait prior getting into the Barbers chair.
(3) The percent of time an arrival can walk without having to wait.

(9)

(Or) (b) (i) Explain briefly open and closed networks models in a queue system. (8)

(ii) Truck drivers who arrive to unload plastic materials for recycling currently wait an average of 15 minutes before unloading. The cost of driver & truck time wasted while in queue is valued Rs.100 per hour. A new device is installed to process truck loads at a constant rate of 10 trucks per hours at a cost of Rs.3 per truck unloaded. Trucks arrive according to a Poisson distribution at an average rate of 8 per hour. Suggest whether the device should be put to use or not. (8)

13. (a) (i) Distinguish between solutions derived from simulation models & solutions derived from analytical models. (6)

(ii) Describe the kind of problems for which Monte Carlo will be an appropriate method of solution. (5)

(iii) Explain what factors must be considered when designing a simulation experiment.(5) (Or) (b) (i) Discuss stochastic simulation method of solving a problem. What are the advantages & limitations of stochastic simulation? (9)

(ii) What are random numbers? Why are random numbers useful in simulation models and solutions derived from analytical models? (7)

14. (a) (i) Explain various steps of the simplex method involved in the computation of an optimum solution to a linear programming problem? (4)

(ii) Explain the meaning of basic feasible solution and degenerate solution in a linear programming problem. (iii) Solve the following LPP using the simplex method. Max z = 5x1 + 3x 2 Subject to the constraints x1 + x 2 2 ; 5x1 + 2x2 10 ; 3x1 + 8x2 12 and x1 , x2 0 . (8) (4)

(Or) (b) (i) What is degeneracy in transportation problem? How is transportation problem solved when demand and supply are not equal? (8)

(ii) A company has factories at F1 , F2 and F3 which supply to warehouses at W1 , W2 and W3 . Weekly factory capacities are 200,180,120 and 150 units respectively. Unit shipping costs (in rupees) are as follows. Warehouse W1 F1 Factor F2 F3 Demand 16 14 26 180 W2 20 8 24 120 W3 12 18 16 150 Supply 200 160 90 450

Determine the optimal distribution for this company to minimize total shipping cost. (8) 15. (a) (i) What is meant by quadratic programming? How does a quadratic programming differ from a linear programming problem? (8)

(ii) Explain briefly the various methods of solving a quadratic programming problem. (8) (Or) (b) (i) Explain the role of Lagrange multipliers in a non-linear programming problem. (ii) Solve the following quadratic programming problem: Max z = 2x1 + x 2 x12 Subject to the constraints 2x1 + 3x 2 6 ; 2x1 + x2 4 and x1 , x2 0 . (6) (10)

M.E / M.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION, JUNE 2010 First Semester Computer Science and Engineering MA9219- OPERATION RESEARCH (Common to M.E-Network Engineering, M.E-Software Engineering and M.Tech- IT) (Regulation 2009) Time: Three hours Answer all the questions Part A (10*2=20 Marks) 1. Define queue discipline. 2. What do you mean by (a) steady state and (b) transient state in a queuing system? 3. Write down Pollaczek Khintchine formulae. 4. What is meant by closed queuing network? 5. Mention the types of simulation. 6. Specify any two advantages of simulation. 7. Define Basic feasible solution of a LPP. 8. Write down the mathematical formulation of a transportation problem. 9. What are the Kuhn-Tucker conditions for solving a non-linear programming problem? 10. What is Quadratic programming? Part B (5*16=80 Marks) 11. (a) Arrivals at a telephone booth are considered to be Poisson, with an average time of 10 minutes between one arrival and the next. The length of the phone call is assumed to be distributed exponentially. (1) What is the probability that a person arriving at the booth will have to wait? (2) What is the average length of the queues that form from time to time?
(3) The telephone department will install a second booth when convinced that an

## Maximum: 100 Marks

arrival would expect to have a wait atleast three minutes for the phone. By how much must the flow of arrivals be increased in order to justify a second booth? (16)

(Or) (b) A super market has two salesmen ringing up sales at the counters. If the service time for each customer is exponential with mean 4 minutes, and if people arrive in a Poisson fashion at the counter at the rate of 10 per hour. (1) Calculate the probability that an arrival will have to wait for service. (2) Find the expected percentage of idle time for each salesman. (3) If a customer has to wait, find the expected length of his waiting time. (16)

12. (a) An automatic car wash facility operates with only one bay. Cars arriving according to Poisson distribution with a mean of 4 cars per hour may wait in the facilitys parking lot if the bay is busy. The time of washing and cleaning a car is exponential, with a mean of 10 minutes. Cars that cannot park in the lot can wait in the street bordering the wash facility. The manager of the facility wants to determine the size of the parking lot. Suppose that a new system is installed so that the service time for all cars is constant and equal to 10 minutes, how does the new system affect the operation facility. (Or) (b) Consider two servers. An average of 8 customers per hour arrive from outside at server 1, and an average of 17 customers per hour arrive from outside at server 2. Inter - arrival times are exponential. Server 1 can serve at an exponential rate of 20 customers per hour and server 2 can serve at an exponential rate of 30 customers per hour. After completing service at serve 1, half the customers leave the system and half go to server 2. After (16)

completing server 2,

## 3 1 of the customers complete service and returns to server 1. 4 4

(1) What fraction of the time is server 1 idle? (2) Find the expected no of customers at each server. (3) Find the average time a customer spends in the system.

(4) How would the answers to parts (1) (3) change if server 2 could serve only an

## average of 20 customers per hour.

(16)

13. (a) The occurrence of rain in a city on a day depends upon whether or not it rained on the previous day. If it has rained on the previous day, the rain distribution is Event Probability No rain 0.5 1 cm rain 0.25 2 cm rain 0.15 3 cm rain 0.05 4 cm rain 0.03 5 cm rain 0.02

If it did not rain on the previous day, the distribution is, Event No rain 1 cm rain 2 cm rain 3 cm rain

Probability 0.75 0.15 0.06 0.04 Simulate the citys weather for 10 days and determine by simulation, the total rainfall during the period. Use the random numbers 67 63 39 55 29 78 70 06 78 76 for simulation. Assume that for the 1st day of the simulation it had not rained the day before. (Or) (b) Records of 100 truckloads of finished jobs arriving in a departments check out area show the following: Checking out takes 5 minutes and checker takes care of only one truck at a time. The data is summarized in the following table: Truck Inter Arrival Time Frequency 1 1 2 4 3 7 4 17 5 31 6 23 7 7 8 5 9 3 10 2 (Total = 100) (16)

As soon as the trucks are checked out, the truck drivers take them to the next departments. Using Monte Carlo simulations determine: (1) What is the average waiting time before service?
(2) What is likely to be the largest?

(16)

14. (a) Use two phase simplex method to solve the problem. 15 Minimize Z = x1 3x 2 2 Subject to the constraints

## 3x1 x 2 x 3 3 ; x1 x2 + x3 2 and x1 , x2 , x3 0 . (Or)

(16)

(b) A company has 5 jobs to be done. The following matrix shows the return in rupees on
th th assigning i ( i = 1, 2,3, 4,5) machine to the j job ( j = A, B, C, D, E ) . Assign the five

## jobs to the five machines so as to maximize the total expected profit.

(16)

A 1 Machine 2 3 4 5 5 2 3 6 7

B 11 4 12 14 9

C 10 6 5 4 8

D 12 3 14 11 12

E 4 5 6 7 5

15. (a) Find the dimensions of a rectangular parallelepiped with largest volume whose sides are parallel to the coordinate planes, to be inserted in the ellipsoid, x 2 y2 G ( x, y, z ) = 2 + 2 a b z2 + 2 c (Or) (b) Apply Wolfes Method for solving the quadratic programming problem Maximize z = 4x1 + 6x 2 2x12 2x1 x2 2x2 2 Subject to the constraints x1 + 2x 2 2 and x1 , x2 0 . (16) 1 = 0 . (16)

M.E / M.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOV / DEC 2010 First Semester Computer Science and Engineering MA9219- OPERATION RESEARCH (Common to M.E-Network Engineering, M.E-Software Engineering and M.Tech- IT) (Regulation 2009) Time: Three hours Answer all the questions Part A (10*2=20 Marks) 1. Solve graphically the following LLP: Max Z = 4x1 + 3x 2 S.t.c x1 x 2 1 ; x1 + x 2 0 and x1 , x2 0 . 2. How is maximization converted into minimization in assignment problem? 3. What are the customer behaviors in queuing system? 4. Define an absorbing state in Markov chain. 5. Define Monte Carlo method of simulation. 6. What are the tests used to ensure the uniformity and independence of random numbers? 7. Write the Pollaczek Khinchine formula for mean time delay in queue.
8. Consider the problem : Max xy Subject to x + y = 2 . Show that for = 1 the Lagrangian has

## Maximum: 100 Marks

a stationary point at

( x, y ) = ( 1,1) .

## Show also that

( x, y ) = ( 1,1) does

## not maximize the

Lagrangian function L ( x, y ) = xy = 1( x + y 2 ) .
9. Find all the local maxima and minima (if any) of the following functions and determine
2 2 whether each local extremism in a global extremis f ( x, y ) = x + 2xy + y + x .

10. Find the stationary points of the following function using the method of constrained
2 2 variation optimize y ( x ) = x1 , x 2 subject to x1 + x 2 1 = 0 .

Part B (5*16=80 Marks) 11. (a) A petrol station has two pumps. The service time follows the exponential distribution with mean 4 minutes and cars arrive for service in a Poisson process at the rate of 10 cars per hour. Find the probability that a customer has to wait for service. What proportion of time the pump remain idle? (Or) (b) Cars arrive at a petrol pump, having one petrol unit, in Poisson fashion with an average of 10 cars per hour. The service time in distributed exponentially with a mean of 3 minutes. Find (1) Average number of cars in the system. (2) Average waiting time in the queue (3) Average queue length
(4) The probability that the number of cars in the system is 2.

(16)

(16)

12. (a) A barber shop has two barbers and three chairs for customers. Assume that the customers arrive in Poisson fashion at a rate of 5 per hour and that each barber services customers according to an exponential distribution with mean of 15 minutes. Further if a customer arrives and there are no empty chairs in the shop, he will leave. What is the probability that the shop is empty? What is the expected number of customers in the shop? (Or) (b) An order picking process in a warehouse gets calls for service at an average rate of 8.5 per hour. The average time to fill the order in 0.1 hours. For analysis purpose assumes both times are exponentially distributed. Analyzing the system as an M / M /1 queue, the average time in the queue is 0.5667 hours. An opportunity arises to reduce the variability of the process for filling orders. The inventory manager wonders if the change is worth the cost. Analyze the problem using Non Morkovian method. (16) (16)

13. (a) Customers arrive at a milk booth for the required service. Assume that inter arrival and service time are constants and given by 1.5 and 4 minutes respectively. Simulate the system by hand computations for 14 minutes. (1) What is the waiting time per customer?
(2) What is the percentage idle time for the facility? (Assume that the system

## starts at t = 0). (Or)

(16)

(b) Explain the components of Discrete - event Simulation and the Simulation engine logic? Mention the application areas of Discrete event simulation? (16)

14. (a) Prove using duality theory that the following linear program in feasible but has no optimal solution Minimize Z = x1 x 2 + x 3 Subject to the constraints x1 x 3 4 ; x1 x2 + 2x3 3 and x1 , x2 , x3 0 . (Or) (b) Goods have to be transported from sources S1 , S2 and S3 to destinations D1 , D 2 , D3 , D 4 and D5 respectively. The transportation cost per unit capacities the sources and requirements of the destinations are given below. Determine the transportation schedule, so that cost is minimized. (16) D1 S1 S2 S3 Demand 4 6 5 40 D2 1 4 2 50 D3 2 3 6 70 D4 6 5 4 90 D5 9 7 8 90 Supply 100 120 120 (16)

15. (a) For each possible value of the constant a, solve the problem:

Max x , y x + ay

## Subject to x 2 + y 2 1 and x + y 0 . (Or)

(16)

(b) Consider the problem: Max x f ( x ) , Subject to g j ( x ) c j for j = 1, , m and xi 0 for i = 1, , n. (i) Write down the Kuhn Tucker conditions for this problem when it is written in the form: Max x f ( x ) Subject to g j ( x ) c j for j = 1, , m+n where g m +1 ( x ) = x for i = 1, , n (Write the derivative of the Lagrangian explicity in terms of the derivatives of f and g j for j = 1, , m using the notation (g j / xi ( x ) ) for the derivatives of g j with respect to

( xi )

## j for j = 1, , m and the multiplier associated with the constraint g n +1 ( x ) 0 by m + n

for I = 1, , n). (i) Write down the Kuhn Tucker conditions tailored to problem with non negativity constraints. (ii) Show that if ( x, ( 1 ,..., m + n ) ) satisfies the conditions in (i) the ( x, ( 1 ,..., m + n ) ) satisfies the conditions in (ii) then there exists numbers 1 ,..., n such that

( x, ( 1 ,..., m+ n ) )

## satisfies the conditions in (i).

(16)

M.E / M.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION, JANUARY 2012 First Semester Computer Science and Engineering MA9219- OPERATION RESEARCH (Common to M.E-Network Engineering, M.E-Software Engineering and M.Tech- IT) (Regulation 2009) Time: Three hours Answer all the questions Part A (10*2=20 Marks) 1. What is meant by Queue discipline? Name some common queue disciplines. 2. The number of glasses of juice ordered per hour at a hotel follows a Poisson distribution, with an average of 30 glasses per hour being ordered. Find the probability that exactly 60 glasses are ordered between 2 P.M. and 4 P.M.
3. What are the characteristics of Kendall Lee Notation for a Queueing system?

## Maximum: 100 Marks

4. State the assumptions of Birth Death Processes. 5. Define discrete and continuous systems with an example for each. 6. Draw the flowchart for breakdown and maintenance in Stochastic Simulation. 7. Find the graphical solution for the following LPP.
Maximize Z =4x 1 + 3x 2

Subject to x1 + x 2 40 ; 2x1 + x 2 60 and x1 , x2 0 8. Illustrate how the following inequality constraints are converted into equality constraints.
Minimize Z =50x 1 + 20x 2 + 30x 3 + 80x 4

## Subject to 400x 1 + 200x 2 + 150x 3 + 500x 4 500 3x1 + 2x 2 6

2x1 + 2x 2 + 4x 3 + 4x 4 10

2x1 + 4x 2 + x3 + 5x 4 8 x i 0 ( i = 1, 2,3, 4 ) . 9. State the Kuhn Tucker conditions for an NLP with maximization.

10. Name two different algorithms to solve constrained NLP. Part B (5*16=80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) An average of 10 cars per hour arrive at a single-server drive-in teller. Assume that the average service time for each customer is 4 minutes, and both inter arrival times and service times are exponential. (1) What is the probability that the teller is idle? (2) What is the average number of cars waiting in line for the teller? (A car that is being served is not considered to be waiting in line.) (3) What is the average amount of time a drive-in customer spends in the bank parking lot (including time in service)?
(4) On the average, how many customers per hour will be served by the teller?

(8)

(ii) A one-man barber shop has a total of 10 seats. Inter arrival times are exponentially distributed, and an average of 20 prospective customers arrive each hour at the shop. Those customers who find the shop full do not enter. The barber takes an average of 12 minutes to cut each customers hair. Haircut times are exponentially distributed. (1) On the average, how many haircuts per hour will the barber complete?
(2) On the average, how much time will be spent in the shop by a customer

who enters? (Or) (b) Explain Machine Interference Model and solve the following problem.

(8)

The Town Police department has 5 patrol cars. A patrol car breaks down and requires service once in every 30 days. The police department has two repair workers, each of whom takes an average of 3 days to repair a car. Breakdown times and repair times are exponential. (1) Determine the average number of police cars in good condition. (2) Find the average down time for a police car that needs repairs.
(3) Find the fraction of the time a particular repair worker is idle.

(16) 12. (a) Consider an M / M /1/ GD / / system with = 5 customers per hour and = 8 customers per hour. Use the results of Pollaczek and Khinchin to analyze the efficiency of M / M /1/ GD / / queueing system with M / M /1/ GD / / queueing system. (Or) (16)

(b) (i) Consider two servers. An average of 8 customers per hour arrive from outside at server 1, and an average of 17 customers per hour arrive from outside at server 2. Inter arrival times are exponential. Server 1 can serve at an exponential rate of 20 customers per hour, and server 2 can serve at an exponential rate of 30 customers per hour. After completing service at server 1, half of the customers leave the system, and half go to server 2. After completing service at server 2, 1 return to server 1. 4 3 of the customers 4

## complete service, and

(1) What fraction of the time is server 1 idle? (2) Find the expected number of customers at each server. (3) Find the average time a customer spends in the system.
(4)

How would the answers to parts (1) (3) change if server 2 could

serve only an average of 20 customers per hour? (8) (ii) The last two things that are done to a car before its manufacture is complete are installing the engine and putting on the tyres. An average of 54 cars per hour arrives requiring these two tasks. One worker is available to install the engine and can service an average of 60 cars per hour. After the engine is installed, the car goes to the tyre station and waits for its tyres to be attached. Three workers serve at the tyre station. Each works on one car at a time and can put tyres on a car in an average of 3 minutes. Both interarrival times and service times are exponential. (1) Determine the mean queue length at each work station.
(2) Determine the total expected time that a car spends waiting for service.

(8) 13. (a) Explain and draw the flowchart for Simulation Model for Single Server Queueing System. (Or) (b) A bakery bakes and sells French bread. Each morning, the bakery satisfies the demand for the day using freshly baked bread. It can bake the bread only in batches of a dozen loaves each. Each loaf costs Rs.25 to make. Assume that the total daily demand for bread occurs in multiples of 12. Past data have shown that this demand ranges from 30 to 96 loaves per day. A loaf sells for Rs.40, and any bread left over at the end of the day (16)

is sold to a charitable kitchen for a salvage price of Rs.10 / loaf. If demand exceeds supply, assume that there is a lost profit cost of Rs.15 / loaf (because of loss of goodwill, loss of customers to competitors, and so on). The bakery records show that the daily demand can be categorized into three types: high, average, and low. These demands occur with probabilities of .30, .45, and .25, respectively. The distribution of the demand by categories is given in the following Table. Use Monte Carlo Simulation to determine the optimal number of loaves to bake each day to maximize profit (revenues + salvage revenues cost of bread cost of lost profits). Table Demand 36 48 60 72 84 86 Demand probability distribution High Average Low 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.30 0.20 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.25 0.10 0.05 0.15 0.25 0.35 0.15 0.05 0.05 (16) 35 50 40 (16)

14. (a) Solve the transportation problem to find the optimal solution 8 9 14 45 20 6 12 9 30 (Or) (b) Solve the given LPP using Big M method: Minimize z = 2 x1 + 3 x2 Subject to 1 1 x1 + x2 4 ; x1 + 3 x2 20 ; x1 + x2 = 10 and x1 , x2 0 . 2 4 10 13 16 30 9 7 5

(16)

15. (a) A company is planning to spend \$10,000 on advertising. It costs \$3,000 per minute to advertise on television and \$1,000 per minute to advertise on radio. If the firm buys x minutes of television advertising and y minutes of radio advertising, then its revenue in
2 2 thousands of dollars is given by f ( x, y ) = 2 x y xy 8 x 3 y . How can the firm

## maximize its revenue? (Or)

(16)

2 2 3 (b) Minimize f = x1 + 2 x2 + 3 x3

## subject to the constraints g1 = x1 x2 2 x3 12 ; g2 = x1 + 2 x2 3 x3 8 Using Kuhn Tucker conditions. (16)

M.E / M.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION, JUNE 2012 First Semester Computer Science and Engineering MA9219- OPERATION RESEARCH (Common to M.E-Network Engineering, M.E-Software Engineering and M.Tech- IT) (Regulation 2009) Time: Three hours Answer all the questions Part A (10*2=20 Marks)
1. Find the traffic intensity given = 8, = 12 per hour. 2. In a production company materials arrive at a rate of 30 bags per day. Service time

## Maximum: 100 Marks

distribution is exponentially distributed with an average of 36 minutes. Find the probability that the queue exceeds 10? 3. Write the Pollaczek Khinchine formula. 4. What is called Non Markovian queue? 5. The inter arrival time of customers follows a probability distribution as shown below. Write the general purpose simulation system block. Interval Time Probability 1 0.1 2 0.2 3 0.2 4 0.2 5 0.1 6

0.10 0 0 5 5 0 6. The arrival rate of customers at a banking counter follows poisson distribution with a mean of 30 per hour. The service rate of the counter clerk also follows poisson with a mean of 45 per hour. What is the probability of zero customer in the system? 7. Solve the following LPP using graphical method Maximize z = 6 x1 + 8 x2 Subject to 5 x1 + 10 x2 60 ; 4 x1 + 4 x2 40 and x1 , x2 0 .
8. Discuss any two similarities between Transportation problem and Assignment problem.

9. Write the procedure to solve quadratic programming problem. 10. What is Non Linear programming problem?

## Part B (5*16=80 Marks)

11. (a) (i) There are three clerks in the loan section of a bank to process the initial queries of

customers. The arrival rate of customers follow poisson distribution and it is 20 per hour. The service rate also follows poisson distribution and it is 9 customers per hour. Find (1) Average waiting number of customers in the queue as well as in the system.
(2) Average waiting time per customers in the queue as well as in the system.

(8) (ii) Explain the various models of Queueing theory. (Or) (b) (i) For the M / M /1 with service rate = 10 customers per hour. How L and W increases as the arrival rate increases from 5 to 8.64 by increments of 20% and then to = 10 . (8) (8)

(ii) Patients arrive at a clinic according to Poisson distribution at a rate of 30 patients per hour. The waiting room does not accommodate more than 14 patients. Examination time per patient is exponential with mean rate of 20 per hour. (1) Find the effective rate at the clinic.
(2) What is the expected waiting time until a patient is discharged from the

clinic?
12. (a) (i) Derive the Pollaczec Khintchine formula for an M / G /1 queueing model.

(8) (8)

(ii) At a Drivers Licence branch office drivers arrive at a rate of 50 per hour. All arrivals must first check in with one of two clerks with the average check in time being 2 minutes. After checking in 15% of the drivers need to take a written test that lasts approximately 20 minutes. All arrivals must wait to have their picture taken and their license produced, this station can process about 60 drivers per hour. How to reduce

the customers delay? Whether adding a check in clerk (or) a new photo station? (8) (Or) (b) (i) Write about the multiple server Poisson Queue model. (8)

(ii) A petrol pump station has 4 pumps. The service times follow the exponential distribution with a mean of 6 minutes and cars arrive for service in a poisson process at the rate of 30 cars per hour. (1) What is the probability that an arrival would have to wait in line?
(2) For what % of time would a pump lie idle on an average? 13. (a) (i) Write short note on Discrete event simulation.

(8) (8)

(ii) A toll gate in a highway consists of 5 lanes. The inter arrival time of the vehicles at the toll gate follows uniform distribution with 120 20 seconds. The service time also follows uniform distribution with 30 5 seconds. Draw a GPSS block diagram and prepare a program to simulate the system for 10 hours. (Or) (b) (i) Write short note on types of simulation. (ii) Explain the use of Transfer block with an example.
14. (a) (i) Solve the following LPP using simplex method.

(8)

(8) (8)

## (b) (i) Find the optimal solution

(16)

Plants 1 1 Warehouses 2 3 4 10 5 15 20 2 2 10 5 15 3 3 15 14 13 4 15 2 7 -5 9 4 15 8 25 30 20 30

20 20 30 10 25 15. (a) Solve the following Nonlinear programming problem using Lagrangian method. Min z = x12 + 2 x2 2 + 1.5 x32 Subject to 2 x1 + 2 x2 + 3 x3 = 30 ; 3 x1 4 x2 + 4 x3 = 25 where x1 , x2 , x3 0 . (Or) (b) Solve the following quadratic programming problem Max z = 6 x1 + 3 x2 2 x12 3 x2 2 4 x1 x2 Subject to x1 + x2 1 ; 2 x1 + 3 x2 4 where x1 , x2 0 . (16) (16)