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Engineering Mechanics Statics

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Introduction

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Strength of Materials

Mechanics of Materials

Mechanics of Solids

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

stress

equilibrium at particle

stress

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Stress

F F

- cross section area

A [cm²]

- Force F [kN] A

σ

cutting plane

inner action

equilibrium at particle stress σ = F / A [kN/cm²]

F F F

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Strain 2F

F

example: suspended rod

-Length L

-Elongation ∆L

L L L

strain ε = ∆L / L

strain ε

proportional to ∆L1 ∆L2=

stress σ

F 2∆L1

F

2F

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Hooke’s Law

linear equation : σ = Eε

E = Young‘s Modulus

stress σ

[kN/m²]

gradient E [kN/m²]

strain ε

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Hooke’s Law

- Stress Analysis

- Serviceability

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

axial loading

tensile test

area of plasticity

determination of

tensile strength

and Young’s Modulus

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

tensile test

ductile material brittle material

σ σ

ε ε

image of failure,

compression test

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

stress deflection

Material Properties

due to loading

strain

specimen in tensile test (ultimate strength), imwf Stuttgart

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

Concrete specimen in compression test

free blocked

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Deflection due to condition of loading

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

Timber

perpendicular

tensile stress

due to shrinkage

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

Timber

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

material creep

e.g. synthetics, textiles

Danzer, S.18

time

time

time

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

Steel deflection due to temperature (fire exposure) Brandschutzatlas

time

time

time

time

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Properties

Steel deflection due to temperature (fire exposure) Brandschutzatlas

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Stability

Buckling of columns

Euler Formula

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Stability

Buckling of columns

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Stability

Buckling of columns

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Concept of Design

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Unexpected loads

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Design Project “Bottle Bubble” Example: from an unknown material to construction

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Material Behaviour - determining the Elastic Modulus

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Calculation

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Lectures: Monday 8:15 – 10:00 a.m. Room No4

Karsten Schlesier

Mesgana Seyoum

Karsten Schlesier

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Calender Semester II 2008

week day Date Chapter Content

2 mo 07.04.2008 Introduction to SOM

3 mo 14.04.2008 1 Stress - Axial Load

4 mo 21.04.2008 2 Strain - Axial Load

5 mo 28.04.2008 3 Bending of Beams

6 mo 05.05.2008 3 Deflection of Beams

7 mo 12.05.2008 Lab Session 1

8 mo 19.05.2008 Mid-Semester Exam

9 mo 26.05.2008 4 Torsion

10 mo 02.06.2008 5 Compound Stresses

11 mo 09.06.2008 6 Stability of Compression Members

12 mo 16.06.2008 6 Buckling Analysis

13 mo 23.06.2008 Lab Session 2

14 mo 30.06.2008 Workshop

15 mo 07.07.2008

16 mo 14.07.2008 Final Exam

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Course Outline

Normal Stress, Shearing Stress, Transformation of Stress, Concept of Design

Strain, Stress-Strain Diagram, Hooke’s Law, Deflection under Axial Load,

Material Properties

3 Bending of Beams

Stress due to pure Bending, Shearing Stress in Beams, Moment of Inertia,

Stress Distribution, Deflection of Beams, Design of Beams

4 Torsion

Moment of Torsion, Shearing Stresses and Deformations of Circular Shafts

Compound Stresses, Combined Stresses, Transformation of Stress, Mohr’s Circle

Euler Formula, Buckling Load, Buckling Analysis

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

Assessment / Requirements

Minimum of 75% attendance during lecture hours and tutorials, 100% attendance

during practical work sessions (except for unpredicted mishaps) – watch notice for

further details.

40% final-semester examination

20% assignments, practical workshop

Literature

Beer and Johnson, Mechanics of Materials, 2001

Gere and Timoshenko, Mechanics of Materials, 1990

E-learning Platform

www.ocw.mit.edu MIT open courseware – Solid Mechanics

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

G. Galileo

Strength of Materials

Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

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