You are on page 1of 32

# Strength of Materials

Introduction

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Strength of Materials
Mechanics of Materials
Mechanics of Solids

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
stress

## Cutting plane – inner action

equilibrium at particle

stress

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Stress

## example: suspended rod

F F
- cross section area
A [cm²]
- Force F [kN] A

σ
cutting plane
inner action
equilibrium at particle stress σ = F / A [kN/cm²]

F F F

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Strain 2F
F
example: suspended rod

-Length L
-Elongation ∆L

L L L
strain ε = ∆L / L

strain ε
proportional to ∆L1 ∆L2=
stress σ
F 2∆L1

F
2F

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Hooke’s Law

linear equation : σ = Eε

E = Young‘s Modulus

stress σ
[kN/m²]

strain ε

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Hooke’s Law

## Example: Bungee Cable

- Stress Analysis

- Serviceability

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties

## stress-strain diagram of mild steel

tensile test
area of plasticity

determination of
tensile strength
and Young’s Modulus

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties
tensile test
ductile material brittle material
σ σ

ε ε

image of failure,
compression test

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
stress deflection
Material Properties

strain
specimen in tensile test (ultimate strength), imwf Stuttgart

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties
Concrete specimen in compression test

free blocked

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties
Timber

perpendicular
tensile stress
due to shrinkage

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties
Timber

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties

## cycling curves for time

material creep
e.g. synthetics, textiles
Danzer, S.18

time

time

time

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties
Steel deflection due to temperature (fire exposure) Brandschutzatlas
time

time

time

time

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Properties
Steel deflection due to temperature (fire exposure) Brandschutzatlas

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Stability
Buckling of columns
Euler Formula

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Stability
Buckling of columns

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Stability
Buckling of columns

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Concept of Design

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Design Project “Bottle Bubble” Example: from an unknown material to construction

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Material Behaviour - determining the Elastic Modulus

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Calculation

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Lectures: Monday 8:15 – 10:00 a.m. Room No4

Karsten Schlesier

Mesgana Seyoum

## Consultation: Thursday 4:00 – 6:00 p.m. Room 211

Karsten Schlesier

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Calender Semester II 2008
week day Date Chapter Content

## 1 fr 04.04.2008 Course Information

2 mo 07.04.2008 Introduction to SOM
3 mo 14.04.2008 1 Stress - Axial Load
4 mo 21.04.2008 2 Strain - Axial Load
5 mo 28.04.2008 3 Bending of Beams
6 mo 05.05.2008 3 Deflection of Beams
7 mo 12.05.2008 Lab Session 1
8 mo 19.05.2008 Mid-Semester Exam
9 mo 26.05.2008 4 Torsion
10 mo 02.06.2008 5 Compound Stresses
11 mo 09.06.2008 6 Stability of Compression Members
12 mo 16.06.2008 6 Buckling Analysis
13 mo 23.06.2008 Lab Session 2
14 mo 30.06.2008 Workshop
15 mo 07.07.2008
16 mo 14.07.2008 Final Exam

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Course Outline

## 1 Stress – Axial Loads

Normal Stress, Shearing Stress, Transformation of Stress, Concept of Design

## 2 Strain – Axial Loads

Strain, Stress-Strain Diagram, Hooke’s Law, Deflection under Axial Load,
Material Properties

3 Bending of Beams
Stress due to pure Bending, Shearing Stress in Beams, Moment of Inertia,
Stress Distribution, Deflection of Beams, Design of Beams

4 Torsion
Moment of Torsion, Shearing Stresses and Deformations of Circular Shafts

## 5 Analysis of plane Stress

Compound Stresses, Combined Stresses, Transformation of Stress, Mohr’s Circle

## 6 Stability of Compression Members

Euler Formula, Buckling Load, Buckling Analysis

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering
Assessment / Requirements

Minimum of 75% attendance during lecture hours and tutorials, 100% attendance
during practical work sessions (except for unpredicted mishaps) – watch notice for
further details.

## Quota of Total Course Credit: 40% mid-semester examination

40% final-semester examination
20% assignments, practical workshop

Literature

## Popov, E.P., Mechanics of Materials

Beer and Johnson, Mechanics of Materials, 2001
Gere and Timoshenko, Mechanics of Materials, 1990

E-learning Platform

## www.elboon.net (elearning board online) – under construction!

www.ocw.mit.edu MIT open courseware – Solid Mechanics

## ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY Department of

Strength of Materials
Faculty of Technology Civil Engineering