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CHAPTER 5 KAPLAN AP WORLD HISTORY ORIGINAL OUTLINE BY ETHAN YAKHIN 4-1-13 Period 4 Ethan Yakhin [] = Causes [] = Consequences

PLEASE UNDERSTAND: THE TIMELINES I TYPED UP I DID NOT CREATE, NOR DO I ATTEMPT TO CLAIM CREDIT FOR THEM: I AM SIMPLY USING THEM AS A STUDY-- FOR ME AND WHOEVER REQUESTS A LOOK AT YOUR OUTLINE
IMPORTANT THINGS []Search for a faster way to the trader routes of the Indian Oceans []-the americas are included in the global trade network []-the process of true globalization begins. [][]-sets of Columbian Exchange of goods, diseases, and cultures. []Improvement in the spread of shipping tech and gunpowder weapons. []-allow european countries to begin to exercise a more prominent role in world affairs (possible CCOT) []Exposure to previously unknown European diseases []-Native american people die millions []Need for forced labor on plantations []-african people are forcibly transported across atlantic
Emergence of new social structures

Renaissance and Reformation challenge beliefs/power of roman catholic church. Increase (possible CCOT) of power in dominant land-based empires like Ottoman, Mughal, Qing

The Theme: INTERACTION According to the chapter, the most significant change (possible DBQ) in this chapter was the inclusion of the Americas in the global trade network. ***AFTER THIS OUTLINE, TIMELINES WILL BE EXCLUDED, AS I WILL BEGIN POSTING THEM SEPARATELY ON THE PAGE CALLED TIMELINES ON MY AP WEBSITE***

English and dutch used joint-stock companies which investors rather than monarchs funded expeditions. Examples of trading posts British- Calcutta and Bombay French-Madras Dutch-CeyloN

Europeans received asian goods such as -pepper -ginger -cloves -nutmeg these were very expensive []Desire to explore

[]-Europe emerges out of its more isolated and self-sufficient period [][]Motivation for this
-search for resources -new trade routes to asia. -desire to spread christianity

Explorer Bortolomeu Dias

State Portugal

Year 1488

Accomplishment Rounded Cape of good hope, entered indian ocean Reached Bahamas in an attempt to find a new route to asia Reached Calicut in India by rounding Africa Sailed around South America to Phillipines

Christopher Columbus

Spain

1492

Vasco De Gama Ferdinand Magellan

Spain Spain

1497 15191522

sugar caused increased slave labor Why? because it required complex production of land, labor, buildings, animals, capital, and technical skills. an elite fighting force of slave troops made up of christian boys called janissaries drove Ottomans to power. Ottomans captured Constantinople in 1453 they had an absolute monarchy Constantinople was now called Istanbul. the sultans mother was called the queen mother. she served as an advisor to the throne. Ottoman empire became to lage to maintain around mid 1600s steps: -empire becomes too large -decline of adminsistratve effectiveness -gov. plagued by corruption -rulers that were unequipped to rule ruled anyway -European military and naval tech outpaced Ottomans

Technology and Environment

Culture

Politics and Society

1400

1400s Large cannon in use in warfare; hand-held rearms become prominent ca. 1450 First printing with movable type in the West

14521519 Leonardo da Vinci, artist ca. 14661536 Erasmus of Rotterdam, humanist

1415 Portuguese take Ceuta

1431 Joan of Arc burned as witch

1454 Gutenberg Bible printed

14721564 Michaelangelo artist

1453 End of Hundred Years War; Turks take Constantinople 1469 Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile 1492 Fall of Muslim state of Granada

1492 Explusion of Jews from Spain

Politics ad culture 1500 1500s Spains golden century 1519 Protestant Reformation begins 1540s Scientic Revolution begins 1545 Catholic Reformation begins Late 1500s 1600 1600s Hollands golden century Witch-hunts increase

Environment and Technology Mid-1500s Improved windmills and increasing land drainage in Holland 1590s Dutch develop yboats; Little Ice Age begins 1600s Depletion of forests growing 1609 Galileos astronomical telescope 1682 Canal du Midi completed

Warfare 15261571 Ottoman wars 15461555 German Wars of Religion 15621598 French Wars of Religion 15661648 Netherlands Revolt 16181648 Thirty Years War 16421648 English Civil War 16521678 Anglo-Dutch Wars 16671697 Wars of Louis XIV 16831697 Ottoman wars 17001721 Great Northern War 17011714 War of the Spanish Succesion

1700s The Enlightenment begins 1750 English mine nearly 5 million tons of coal a year 1755 Lisbon earthquake

1700

Spanish america 1500 1518 Smallpox arrives in Caribbean 1535 Creation of Viceroyalty of New Spain 1540s Creation of Viceroyalty of Peru 1542 New Laws attempt to improve treatment of Amerindians 1545 Silver discovered at Potos, Bolivia 1625 Population of Potos reaches 120,000

Brazil 15401600 Era of Amerindian slavery After 1540 Sugar begins to dominate the economy

British America 1583 Unsuccessful effort to establish colony on Newfoundland

French America 15241554 Jacques Cartiers voyages to explore Newfoundland and Gulf of St. Lawrence

1600

By 1620 African slave trade provides majority of plantation workers

1607 Jamestown founded 1620 Plymouth founded 1660 Slave population in Virginia begins period of rapid growth 1664 English take New York from Dutch 17541763 French and Indian War

1608 Quebec founded

1699 Louisiana founded 1700 1700 Last Habsburg ruler of Spain dies 1713 First Bourbon ruler of Spain crowned 1770s and 1780s Amerindian revolts in Andean region 17501777 Reforms of marquis de Pombal 1760 English take Canada

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West Indies 1500 ca. 1500 Spanish settlers introduce sugar-cane cultivation

Atlantic 1530 Amsterdam Exchange opens

Africa 15001700 Gold trade predominates 1591 Morocco conquers Songhai

1600

1620s and 1630s English and French colonies in Caribbean 1640s Dutch bring sugar plantation system from Brazil 1655 English take Jamaica 1670s French occupy western half of Hispaniola

1621 Dutch West India Company chartered

1638 Dutch take Elmina

1660s English Navigati on Acts 1672 Royal African Company chartered 1698 French Exclusif 1700 to present Atlantic system ourishing

1680s Rise of Asante

1700

1700 West Indies surpass Brazil in sugar production 1760 Tackys rebellion in Jamaica 1795 Jamaican Maroon rebellion

1680s Rise of Asante 17001830 Slave trade predominates 1720s Rise of Dahomey 1730 Oyo makes Dahomey pay tribute

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Korea and Japan 1500 1543 First Portuguese contacts 1592 Japanese invasion of Korea 1600 1603 Tokugawa Shogunate formed 16331639 Edicts close down trade with Europe

China and Central Asia 1517 Portuguese embassy to China

Russia 1547 Ivan IV tsar 1582 Russians conquer Khanate of Sibir

1601 Matteo Ricci allowed to reside in Beijing 1644 Qing conquest of Beijing 16621722 Kangxi 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk with Russia 1691 Qing control of Inner Mongolia Rule of Emperor

16131645 Rule of Mikhail, the rst Romanov tsar 1649 Subordination of serfs complete 16891725 Great Rule of Peter the

1700

1702 Trial of the Forty-Seven Ronin 1792 Russian ships rst spotted off the coast of Japan

17361795 Rule of Emperor Qianlong

1712 St. Petersburg becomes Russias capital 17621796 Rule of Catherine the Great 1799 Alaska becomes a Russian colony

I- AKBAR D-GRANDSON OF BABUR WO WAS A DESCENDANT OF Turkish Nomads

13 E-(extar info)- akbar was a strong military commander. -interested in uniting his empire. A-abolished the jizya (non-muslim tax) and partonized the arts. Taj mahal was built in his time

In the 1400s the W. Afr. state of SONGHAY emerged to take power over the weakned mali emberer All songay emperors were muslim Trans saharan trade flowed through city of Gao (portugese) which brought salt, textiles, and metal in exchange for gold and slaves.

In 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the Americas in half the Spanish control the west into Portuguese control the east
Social Classes order:(highest to lowest) -Peninsulares came from iberian peninsula, descendants were Creoles -meztisos, the mix of Europeans and Nat. Americans. -mulattos, mix of europeans and africans -bottom was zambos, native americans, and africans. Ecnomically empire thrived. enconcmienda system hindered attempts to convert ntaies to christianity, and as a result, was replaced with the repartimiento system, in which the natives got a fair wage for working haciendas were large estates

Growth of Plantation System ------->Increase in use of slave labor Systems of Slave Labor
ATL. SLAVE TRADE The ocean journey where competing stationsand fleets brought 1000s of slaves monthly across the ocean it was known as the Middle Passage

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Slave business was profitable, and sadly, the profits encouraged more and more people to get involved in it. ENCOMENDIA SYSTTEM mostly covered in page before RUSSIAN SERFDOM after mongole rule many peasants fell in debt and were forced to become serfs. Russian goverment engouraged this