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Extreme Weather and Climate Lesson 2 :How do we measure weather?

Measuring Weather

L.O: To know different pieces of equipment for measuring weather and the units of measurement used.

All pupils will be able to: Give examples of how some types of weather are measured and the correct units measured in.

Most Pupils will be able to: Give the equipment and correct unit of measurement for various types of weather and identify most of these from pictures.

Some pupils will have taken this further and will be able to:

Know all the different types of equipment and units of

measurement and identify these correctly and accurately.

Definitions

“ The weather is

what happens in

the atmosphere

on a daily basis, it changes

frequently,”

(which is why it is

difficult to measure!)

Definitions • “ The weather is what happens in the atmosphere on a daily basis, it
Definitions • “ The weather is what happens in the atmosphere on a daily basis, it
Definitions • “ The weather is what happens in the atmosphere on a daily basis, it
Definitions • “ The weather is what happens in the atmosphere on a daily basis, it
Definitions • “ The weather is what happens in the atmosphere on a daily basis, it

Why do people measure the weather?

To plan ahead decide when to do certain things

To plan holidays at the right time of year

To decide what to wear

To prepare for bad weather e.g. flooding or heavy snow

For people’s jobs e.g. people who pilot planes and ships, farmers and mountaineers

How do people measure the

weather?

Meteorologists are people who study and measure the weather.

The weather is observed by weather stations based on land and equipment carried on planes, ships, weather balloons

and satellites.

They tell us what the temperature is, how much rain fell, how fast the wind is blowing

and what direction it’s coming from, as well

as how cloudy it is.

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

•

Can you think of definitions for these?

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure
The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

How fast the wind

is blowing…

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

Where the wind is

blowing from…

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

Water falling from the sky (rain, hail, sleet, snow)

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

How far ahead we can see on a foggy day

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

Exactly how hot or cold it is ...

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

How ‘heavy’ the air is…

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

How much of the sky

is hidden by clouds

The Key Words for today are:

Temperature Wind Direction Visibility Air Pressure Precipitation Wind Speed Cloud Cover

The Key Words for today are: • Temperature • Wind Direction • Visibility • Air Pressure

Now fill in the first two columns

in your table

Weather Term….

Means…

Usually given…

Measured Using…

Temperature

     
 

How heavy the air is

   

Visibility

     
       
       
       
       

What are weather terms usually

given as?

We use centimeters or meters for measuring small distances

The amount of Diet Coke in a bottle is given in liters

The cost of something is given in £ and pence.

What about the Weather Terms we have looked at? .........

Celsius or Fahrenheit In millibars (mb) Oktas (Eighths of sky) In Miles Per Hour (MPH) Compass point (N, E, S, W) In millimeters (mm) or Inches In meters (m) or kilometers (km)

Now complete the 3 rd column in your table

Weather Term…. Means… Usually given… Measured Using… Temperature Air pressure Cloud cover Wind speed Wind direction
Weather Term….
Means…
Usually given…
Measured Using…
Temperature
Air pressure
Cloud cover
Wind speed
Wind direction
Precipitation
visibility

What equipment do we need to

measure the weather?

Thermometer Anemometer Barometer Weather Vane Rain Gauge Visibility Meter Your Eyes

What equipment do we need to measure the weather? • Thermometer • Anemometer • Barometer •

Next

Now complete the last column in

your table

Weather Term….

Means…

Usually given…

Measured Using…

Temperature

     
 

How heavy the air is

   

Visibility

     
       
       
       
       

You should now have a

completed table of ways

to measure the weather

You should now have a completed table of ways to measure the weather
You should now have a completed table of ways to measure the weather
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Measuring Weather

L.O: To know different pieces of equipment for measuring weather and the units of measurement used.

All pupils will be able to: Give examples of how some types of weather are measured and the correct units measured in.

Most Pupils will be able to: Give the equipment and correct unit of measurement for various types of weather and identify most of these from pictures.

Some pupils will have taken this further and will be able to:

Know all the different types of equipment and units of

measurement and identify these correctly and accurately.

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