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# UbD Template

## Stage 1 Desired Results

ESTABLISHED GOALS
California Standard 10.0 Students add, subtract, multiply, and divide monomials and polynomials. Students solve multistep problems, including word problems, by using these techniques. 12.0 Students simplify fractions with polynomials in the numerator and denominator by factoring both and reducing them to the lowest terms. 13.0 Students add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational expressions and functions. Students solve both computationally and conceptually challenging problems by using these techniques. 15.0 Students apply algebraic techniques to solve rate problems, work problems, and percent mixture problems. CCSS CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.7 Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words. CCSS.Math.Content.HSA-APR.A.1 Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers, namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials.

Transfer
Students will be able to independently use their learning to: 1. Students will solve rational equations after simplifying them by factoring and/or reducing them to the lowest terms.

Meaning
UNDERSTANDINGS 1. Rational functions have excluded values when the denominator is 0 (undefined). These appear as asymptotes on a graph. 2. Factoring and dividing out common factors are used to simplify rational expressions. 3. Rational expressions should be simplified before being multiplied. 4. Rational expressions cannot be added or subtracted until the denominators are common. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS 1. Why do rational functions have excluded values, how are they determined, and how do they appear on the graph? 2. What techniques are used to simplify, multiply, divide, add, and subtract rational equations? 3. How can a lowest common denominator be used to simplify and solve rational equations? 4. How can rational functions be used to solve rate, work, and percent mixture problems? Students will be skilled at: 1. Identifying the excluded values and asymptotes of rational functions. 2. Simplifying rational expressions through factoring and dividing out common factors. 3. Determining the lowest common denominator for two rational expressions.

Acquisition
Students will know: 1. The approximate graph of a rational function and that it includes asymptotes. 2. Rational expressions can by simplified through factoring and dividing out common factors. 3. Rational expressions must have a common denominator before they can be added or subtracted.

Stage 2 - Evidence
Evaluative Criteria
Rubric (See lessons) Rubric (See lessons)

Assessment Evidence
PERFORMANCE TASK(S): 1. Applying rational equations group project. OTHER EVIDENCE: 1. Chapter 10 test. 2. Chapter 10 quiz (x2). 3. Chapter 10 class-work (warm ups and white boards).

## Stage 3 Learning Plan

Lesson
Inverse relationships and rational functions

Days
2

Key Concepts
Inverse variation, discontinuous functions, asymptotes, excluded values Rational expressions, factoring, dividing out common factors Quotient and product of powers property, division of fractions Least common multiple, lowest common denominator

Hook/Anticipatory
Rational function behavior approaching asymptote Simplifying fraction review Multiplying and dividing fractions review Adding and subtracting fractions, LCD review Free throw percentage problem Passenger and freight train problem

Applications
Finance (bill pay)

Assessment/Evaluation
HW, Quiz 1, Test

Simplifying rational expressions Multiplying and dividing rational expressions Adding and subtracting rational expressions Solving rational equations Applying rational equations

Surface area vs. volume cereal box problem Red and blue marble probability problem Kayak travel rate problem Solve free throw percentage problem Group project

1 1

## Cross products, LCD, extraneous solution

Solving work and rate problems

## HW, Test, Group Project Group Project

March 2013 Schedule: Unit 9 Test and Unit 10 Block (period 5) 4 Chapter 9 review 11 Rational functions 18 Adding and subtracting rational expressions 25 Review Chapter 10 test Adding and subtracting rational expressions 26 Group Project Simplifying rational expressions 19 Chapter 9 review 12 Multiplying and dividing rational expressions 20 Solving rational equations 27 Group Project 5 Chapter 9 test 13 Multiplying and dividing rational expressions 21 Solving rational equations 28 Spring Break Begin 6 Chapter 9 test 14 Block (periods 4/6) 7 8 Inverse relationships and rational functions 15 Review, Quiz 1 22 Review, Quiz 2 29