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Experimental Assessment Techniques for CANDU Pressure Tubes and Steam Generators Degradation Mechanisms Anca GHEORGHE- IMST

Faculty, Politehnica University of Bucharest(UPB), Romania Bogdan NEGULICI- IMST Faculty, Politehnica University of Bucharest(UPB), Romania

Abstract The Pressure Tubes and Steam Generators are critical components of a CANDU(CANada Deuterium Uranium) Nuclear Power Plant. These components are part of the primary pressure boundary and are subjected to several degradation mechanisms which must be prevented or controlled otherwise they could lead to radioactive emissions. For preventing or controlling these degradation mechanisms we have several type of inspections: specific and random inspections, inaugural and periodic inspections. The areas that need focus are: Piping, Joints, Nozzle welds, Vessel welds . The inspections are visual, dimensional, ultrasonic, radiographic in order to discover the possible degradation mechanisms: corrosion, erosion, wear, leakage, defects, fractures. The limited knowledge regarding the causes of the degradation may lead to susceptible areas that are not inspected. The scope and frequency of these inspections are determined based on the results of a fitness for service assessment and taking into account the relative susceptibility of Steam Generators and Pressure Tubes to each specific degradation mechanism. This paper presents the experimental assesment techniques for CANDU Pressure Tubes and Steam Generators degradation mechanisms for the Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant.