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# UsingtheExcelSolvertofindtheminimal%qfromradiationbasedonthesurfacetemperatureon

Equation0.2,itwascalculatedthattheminimalnonnegativevalueis57.48%whenthesurface
temperatureis390.7K.Itisgiventhatradiationisconsideredsignificantifitisgreaterthan5%ofthe
totalradiation.Hence,heatlossduetoradiationissignificantforalltemperatures,whichexplains
whyexcludingitfromthecalculationinQ2ayieldedsuchanabnormallyhighsurfacetemperature.
Question2d:

## FromQ2cweknowthat: qcond qconv qrad hA(Ts Tsurr ) A T2 4

Wecanseefromthisequationthatchangesintheheattransfercoefficientofthesurroundings
affectsonlytheheatlossduetoconductionahigherhvaluewillcorrespondtoalargerqconv.The
heattransfercoefficienthasnoeffectonradiation.

Table4.Calculatedheatloss,includingheatlossduetoconvectionandradiationindependently,andtheproportionof
heatlossaccountedforbyradiation.Showninbluearethecalculatedvaluesforahvaluetwiceasbig(20W/m2K).

Ts[K[
1000
950
900
850
800
750
700
650
600
550
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

q_conv[W]
141.40
131.40
121.40
111.40
101.40
91.40
81.40
71.40
61.40
51.40
41.40
31.40
21.40
11.40
1.40
8.60
18.60
28.60
38.60
48.60
58.60

282.80
262.80
242.80
222.80
202.80
182.80
162.80
142.80
122.80
102.80
82.80
62.80
42.80
22.80
2.80
17.20
37.20
57.20
77.20
97.20
117.20

q_rad
q_tot[W]
[W]
1133.80 1275.20 1416.60
923.49 1054.89 1186.29
743.89 865.29 986.69
591.85 703.25 814.65
464.40 565.80 667.20
358.74 450.14 541.54
272.23 353.63 435.03
202.39 273.79 345.19
146.94 208.34 269.74
103.75 155.15 206.55
70.86 112.26 153.66
46.49
77.89 109.29
29.03
50.43
71.83
17.01
28.41
39.81
9.18
10.58
11.98
4.43
4.17
12.77
1.81
16.79
35.39
0.57
28.03
56.63
0.11
38.49
77.09
0.01
48.59
97.19
0.00
58.60 117.20

%qfrom
radiation
88.91 80.04
87.54 77.85
85.97 75.39
84.16 72.65
82.08 69.60
79.70 66.24
76.98 62.58
73.92 58.63
70.53 54.47
66.87 50.23
63.12 46.12
59.69 42.54
57.56 40.41
59.88 42.73
86.77 76.64
106.18 34.68
10.81
5.13
2.05
1.01
0.29
0.15
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00