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1

2
(kg/mm
)
(N)
(kg) (mm)
1
500 50.97 1 0.8105492
2
750 76.45 2 1.2291844
3 1000 101.9 3 1.6567268
4 2000 203.9 4 3.3490822
5 6000 611.6 5 10.154132
6 11000 1121 6 18.811866
7 16750 1707 7
28.94373
8 17000 1733 8 29.678569
9 17500 1784 9 30.863218
10 17500 1784 10 31.174967
11 17750 1809 11 31.936527
12 18500 1886 12 33.615522
13 19000 1937 13 34.862521
14 19500 1988 14 36.127334
15 20000 2039 15 37.409961
16 20500 2090 16 38.710402
17 20750 2115 17 39.552127
18 21000 2141 18 40.402758
19 21500 2192 19 41.747735
20 21500 2192 20 42.130742
21 21750 2217 21 43.008094
22 22000 2243 22 43.894354
23 22000 2243 23 44.286268
24 22000 2243 24 44.678182
25 22250 2268 25 45.582256
26 22250 2268 26 45.978623
27 22250 2268 27 46.374991
28 22250 2268 28 46.771358
29 22500 2294 29
47.6977
30 22500 2294 30 48.098521
31 22250 2268 31 47.960461
32 21500 2192 32 46.726823
33 20500 2090 33 44.918674
34 18500 1886 34 40.865929
35 18000 1835 35 40.082101

No.

P1

1
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39

s
(kg/mm2)
0.819555
1.2565
1.711951
3.49793
10.71825
20.06599
31.19491
32.31666
33.94954
34.63885
35.83988
38.09759
39.89822
41.74714
43.64495
45.59225
47.02308
48.48331
50.56115
51.49313
53.04332
54.62409
55.60387
56.59236
58.24399
59.26134
60.28749
61.32245
63.06696
64.13136
64.48017
63.3408
61.38886
56.30417
55.66958

s
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.09
0.1
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33

A1
(mm2)
62.88
62.2
61.53
60.87
60.23
59.61
58.99
58.39
57.8
57.22
56.66
56.1
55.56
55.02
54.5
53.98
53.48
52.98
52.5
52.02
51.55
51.09
50.64
50.19
49.76
49.33
48.91
48.49
48.09
47.69
47.29
46.9
46.52
46.15
45.78

D1

(mm)
8.95
8.9
8.85
8.81
8.76
8.71
8.67
8.62
8.58
8.54
8.5
8.45
8.41
8.37
8.33
8.29
8.25
8.22
8.18
8.14
8.1
8.07
8.03
8
7.96
7.93
7.89
7.86
7.83
7.79
7.76
7.73
7.7
7.67
7.64

(%)
1.1
2.17
3.23
4.26
5.26
6.25
7.22
8.16
9.09
10
10.9
11.8
12.6
13.5
14.3
15.1
15.9
16.7
17.4
18.2
18.9
19.6
20.4
21.1
21.7
22.4
23.1
23.7
24.4
25
25.6
26.2
26.8
27.4
28

k
(kg/mm2)
0.816176
1.251003
1.703992
3.480613
10.66163
19.95266
31.00609
32.10652
33.71175
34.37678
35.54609
37.75811
39.51038
41.30272
43.13399
45.00254
46.3477
47.70573
49.65003
50.44336
51.81047
53.16409
53.87801
54.52978
55.71958
56.16224
56.41963
56.40323
56.60447
55.5402
52.9284
47.91893
41.17853
32.5952
29.71192

Grafik hubungan Tegangan sebenarnya (s) dengan Regangan sebenarnya (s)

Ket.
titik P
titik Y

titik U

titik B

70
60
50
40

30

20
10
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

Grafik hubungan Tegangan teoritis (t) dengan Regangan teoritis (t)

60
50
40
1

30

20
10
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

Grafik hubungan Tegangan () dengan Pertambahan panjang (L)

60
50
40
L (mm)

30

1 (kg/mm2)

20
10
0
1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

LP

Tt
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125

0.801642
1.202463
1.603284
3.206568
9.619704
17.63612
26.85501
27.25583
28.05747
28.05747
28.45829
29.66075
30.4624
31.26404
32.06568
32.86732
33.26814
33.66896
34.47061
34.47061
34.87143
35.27225
35.27225
35.27225
35.67307
35.67307
35.67307
35.67307
36.07389
36.07389
35.67307
34.47061
32.86732
29.66075
28.85911

L
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

165.5804
156.0089
146.7232
137.7232
129.0089
120.5804
112.4375
104.5804
97.00893
89.72321
82.72321
76.00893
69.58036
63.4375
57.58036
52.00893
46.72321
41.72321
37.00893
32.58036
28.4375
24.58036
21.00893
17.72321
14.72321
12.00893
9.580357
7.4375
5.580357
4.008929
2.723214
1.723214
1.008929
0.580357
0.4375

121.4221
114.461
107.7078
101.1623
94.82468
88.69481
82.77273
77.05844
71.55195
66.25325
61.16234
56.27922
51.6039
47.13636
42.87662
38.82468
34.98052
31.34416
27.91558
24.69481
21.68182
18.87662
16.27922
13.88961
11.70779
9.733766
7.967532
6.409091
5.058442
3.915584
2.980519
2.253247
1.733766
1.422078
1.318182

0.00827
0.008775
0.009328
0.009934
0.010602
0.011339
0.012155
0.013062
0.014074
0.015209
0.016485
0.017928
0.019569
0.021443
0.023599
0.026094
0.029004
0.032424
0.03648
0.041337
0.047219
0.05443
0.063396
0.07472
0.089283
0.108404
0.134114
0.169636
0.220259
0.294894
0.408738
0.586635
0.859861
1.214684
1.421386

(N)
500
750
1000
2000
6000
11000
16750
17000
17500
17500
17750
18500
19000
19500
20000
20500
20750
21000
21500
21500
21750
22000
22000
22000
22250
22250
22250
22250
22500
22500
22250
21500
20500
18500
18000

(mm)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Grafik hubungan antara Perpanjangan (L) dengan Tegangan Utama()


60
50
40
L (mm)

30

1 (kg/mm2)

20
10
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

Grafik hubungan antara Perpanjangan (L) dengan Tegangan Koreksi (k)


60
50
40
L (mm)

30

k (kg/mm2)

20
10
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33

Grafik hubungan antara Tegangan Sebenarnya (s) dengan Luas penampang (A)
70
60
50
40

s (kg/mm2)

30

A1 (mm2)

20
10
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

Grafik hubungan antara Tegangan Utama () dengan Tegangan Koreksi (k)


60
50
40
1 (kg/mm2)

30

k (kg/mm2)

20
10
0
1

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33

Grafik hubungan antara Beban (N) dengan Perpanjangan (mm)

25000

20000

15000
P (N)
L (mm)

10000

5000

0
1

11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

NO

TAKIK

SUHU 0C

h2 (m) hk (m)

hs (m) u1 (j) u2 (j)

us (j) U J/mm h1 (m)


2

28

160 74

0.062

0.0123

1.749

300

10.04

285.16

5.28

1.85

28

160 65

0.055

0.0123

1.783

300

8.903

290.7

5.282

1.85

28

160 55

0.041

0.0123

1.797

300

6.636

292.99

5.426

1.85

-1

160 98

0.108

0.0123

1.73

300

17.481

282.01

5.222

1.85

-1

160 75

0.07

0.0123

1.767

300

11.331

288.1

5.335

1.85

-1

160 67

0.052

0.0123

1.78

300

9.388

290.17

5.373

1.85

Untuk mencari; U =m*g*h1


u2 =m*g*h2

u2 (j)
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

u2 (j)

1.82
1.8
1.78
1.76
1.74
1.72
1.7
1.68
1

hs (m)

hs (m)