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PMR ENGLISH MODULE 2012

(GUIDED WRITING)
(SECTION A, PAPER 2)

PREPARED BY : SELVARANI SINNAPPAN LIM CHENG IMM ESTHER ANGELINA WEE SRI HARYANTY BINTI KAMAR M. NAGASUNDARY SHARULIZA BINTI SAAD

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

PMR English Language Module 2012 - Guided Writing (Section A, Paper 2) is aimed at: Students preparing for the PMR English examination. Teachers who are preparing students for the PMR examination.

NO CONTENT 1 What Is An Excellent Composition? 2 3 Analysis of PMR Guided Writing Questions ENRICH YOUR WORD POWER Enrichment Vocabulary- Exercises Idiomatic Expressions Phrasal Verb Answers SENTENCE PATTERNS Simple Sentences Compound Sentences Complex Sentences Exercises and Answers GUIDED WRITING General Guidelines Format Speeches and Talks Giving Opinions Articles Story/Recount Reports Letter Writing

PAGE 2 3

4 - 15

16 - 44

45 - 48

49 - 57 58 - 67 68 - 77 78 - 83 84 - 88 89 - 99

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

WHAT IS AN EXCELLENT COMPOSITION?

Varied sentence structure

Ideas are well-developed and supported

Interesting

Precise and interesting vocabulary

Accurate spelling and punctuation

Accurate grammar

Well organised

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Analysis of PMR Guided Writing Questions YEAR 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Informal Letter Giving opinion Speech Report based on pictures Informal Letter based on notes given Story based on pictures Speech based on poster about safety in school An Article A visit to old folks home Story based on pictures Giving Opinion SECTION A

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

ENRICHMENT VOCABULARY FOR PMR No.

Word

SYNONYMS
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.

a lot of afraid angry bad beat beautiful big clever cruel excited expensive fake fast fat fierce force full fun happy

c_un_less s_ar_d a_no_ed t_rribl_ st_ike go_geo_s g_ea_ in_ellig_nt mali_io_s t_ril_ed lu_uri_us pa_t_ sp_ _dy ov_rwei_ht vi_le_t c_mp_l j_m-p_cked enjo_me_t bli_ _ful hardworking me_icul_us hate de_pi_e honest tr_thf_l important si_nifica_t interesting attr_cti_e juicy su_ _ulent kind lazy love modern nice loud open poor real rich run sad scared serious slow small soon strange stupid talk c_rin_ in_ol_nt a_mi_e c_ntem_orary bea_uti_ful n_i_y u_loc_ un_ortu_ate gen_in_ wea_th_ sp_in_ di_hear_ened fri_hte_ed s_le_n slu_ _ish ti_y almost im_edia_ely pe_uli_r f_ _lish con_er_e

sc_r_s of fri_hte_ed i_rita_ed di_ast_ous h_mm_r s_unn_ng la_g_ s_ar_ spi_ef_l an_ma_ed cla_ _y ar_ifici_l ra_id o_es_ fe_oci_us im_os_ c_am_ed a_use_ent e_hilar_ted r_liabl_ de_es_ c_nd_d v_t_l m_tiv_ting lu_ _ious sym_atheti_ le_har_ic f_scina_ed c_rr_nt w_nder_ul ear_pl_tting un_ast_n
under_rivi_eged

a_und_nce te_ _ified f_min_ h_rrend_us t_u_p str_kin_ h_ge kno_ledge_ble v_ndi_tive sp_ri_ed e_clu_ive i_itati_n s_ift c_ubb_ b_uta_ o_lig_ te_min_ ha_ _iness j_y_us dili_en_ lo_th_ re_ia_le e_sent_al a_ _ealing thir_tqu_nchin g t_ought_ul sl_gg_sh f_nd of fa_hion_able ma_nifi_ent p_er_ing re_ea_e pi_ia_le p_re aff_uen_ dar_ d_pr_ssed fea_fu_ s_be_ le_ _urely li_ _le sho_ _ly ou_lan_ish a_su_d cha_ _er

a_pl_ h_rri_ied in_uria_ed horr_bl_ th_as_ att_acti_e en_rm_us sh_ _p r_thl_ss enth_siasti_ co_tl_ f_rge_ e_pr_ss s_ou_ vi_iou_ _ri_e sw_rmi_g
ent_rtain_ent

d_ligh_ed th_ro_gh r_sen_ vir_uo_s c_uc_al fa_ci_ating m_ist com_assio_at e sl_thf_l I_olis_ _ren_y lo_el_ r_uco_s u_ti_ de_ti_ute b_nafi_e l_ade_ da_h de_ola_e pe_rifie_ h_mour_ess da_dlin_ me_gr_ pres_ _tly e_ _entric i_noran_ ra_ _er

n_me_ous in_imi_ated in_en_ed dr_ _dful p_un_ l_vel_ ma_mot_ wi_e me_ci_ess d_nami_ p_ic_y sh_m _a_ty p_rtl_ f_ri_us _ons_rain con_es_ed me_ _iment th_ill_d i_dus_rious s_or_ si_cer_ i_pera_ive re_ar_able t_nd_r con_idera_e li_ _less a_or_ chi_ fa_ta_tic dea_e_ing _nwra-p po_erty-stric_en o_igi_al _ell-of_ sc_rr_ dis_ress_d an_io_s gr_v_ lin_erin_ pe_it_ mo_enta_ily w_ird n_nsen_ical ut_er
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a_then_ic pro_pe_ous sc_m_er un_ap_y t_rrif_ed st_r_ unhu_ _ied mi_ut_ qui_ _ly bi_arr_ idi_ _ic go_ _ip

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

tasty thankful thin ugly walk

deli_ious gr_te_ul sli_ de_or_ed sa_nte_

ap_eti_ing app_ecia_ive ski_ _y hid_ _us st_ol_

sc_ump_ious p_ease_ lan_y gr_es_me a_bl_

s_mptu_us g_atif_ed le_n gh_stl_ to_dl_

de_ecta_le in_ebte_ g_ngly ho_ _ible tot_ er

Activity 1 Complete the mind map below with ten words that describe emotions.

happy

EMOTIONS

ACTIVITY 2 List ten words to describe taste e.g. sweet 1 ......................................... 2 ........................................ 3 ........................................ 4 ........................................ 5 ........................................ Activity 3 List ten words to describe the picture 6 ...........................

1 .. 2 .. 3 .. 4

7 ........................... ..
..

8 ............................ 5 9 ............................
6 7 .. 8 .. 9 7 .. 10 ..

10 ............................. ..

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Activity 4 List eight words to describe a person.


1 .. 2 .. 3 4 5 .. 6 .. 7 .. 8 ..

IDENTIFYING MEANINGS OF WORDS IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS : Notes


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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

NO. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS A bookworm A close shave A white elephant Around the corner At the eleventh hour A white lie Bad blood Bark up the wrong tree Bear in mind Beat around the bush Black sheep Blow ones trumpet Burn the midnight oil By hook or by crook Caught red handed Count me in Dont lose heart Down to earth Drive me up the wall Drop a line Easier said than done Eye catching Flying colours Getting on my nerves

MEANINGS One who likes to read A narrow escape Useless possession Coming soon At the last minute A harmless lie that is more polite than true Feeling of strong dislike Get wrong ideas Remember Talk indirectly about something Person who is an embarrassment To boast Study until late at night By all means Caught in the act Include me Dont be discouraged Humble/Honest Make me very angry write Easier to talk about an idea than carry it out Attractive Good grades Making me

TRANSLATION IN MALAY Ulatbuku/sukamembaca Nyaris-nyaris Sesuatu yang tidakberguna Semakin hamper Saat-saatakhir terpaksaberbohonguntukkebaikan Sangattidaksuka Salah tanggapan/salahanggap Ingat! Berkias Orang yang memalukan Membanggadiri Belajarhinggalarutmalam Sedayamungkin/seboleh-bolehnya Tertangkap Sayaturutserta Janganmengalah Merendahdiri Membuatsayamarah Tulis Senangbercakapsusahnakbuat Menarik Gred/keputusan yang baik Membuatsayameluat/terganggu
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

annoyed/irritated 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. Have green fingers I am all ears In a twinkling of an eye In high spirits In hot water Keep an eye Keep your word Lend a hand Let the cat out of the bag Not kidding Not my cup of tea Once in a blue moon Out of the blue Practice makes perfect Put your mind to it Raining cats and dogs The early bird catches the worm Throw in the towel To be in the same boat To believe your ears To face the music To keep ones fingers crossed To live from hand to mouth To paint the town red To sit on the fence Good at gardening I am listening Very quickly Happy In trouble Look after Keep your promise Help Let a secret out Not joking Not to my liking Seldom Unexpectedly You will be good if you do it often Concentrate Raining heavily Those who are early will benefit Give up To be in the same circumstances Berbakatdalambercucuktanam Sayamendengar Sangatcepat Gembira/bersemangat Dalamkeadaanbermasalah Perhatikan Menepatijanji Tolong Pecahrahsia Tidakbergurau/serius Sayatidaksuka Kadang-kadang Tidakdijangka Selaluberlatihakanmenjadikansay alebihbaik Menumpukanperhatian Hujanlebat Mereka yang awalakanmendapatkeuntungan Mengalah Keadaan yang sama

To believe what you hear Percayaapa yang andadengar To take the punishment or scolding To hope for the best To live in hardship To enjoy oneself To take no sides in a Bersediauntukdimarahi Mengharap yang terbaik Hidupdalamkesusahan Bergembira Tidakberpihakkepadamana10

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

debate/ a quarrel 50. 51. 52. 53. Took to heart Turn over a new leaf Under the weather Where theres a will, theres a way Work wonders Be upset by To change for the better Slightly ill When you are determined, you will succeed Achieve very good results

manabahagian Sangatsedih Berubahkearahlebihbaik Tidaksihat Kalaubersungguh-sungguhpasti Berjaya Mencapaikejayaancemerlang

54.

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NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

PHRASAL VERBS Ages ago Long ago

MEANINGS

TRANSLATION IN MALAY Lama dahulu Rosak Masuksecarapaksa Membawakeuntungan Melawat Teruskan Terjumpa Langgar Kurangkan Menguruskan Singgah/melawat Serasi Sembuh Bersedia Berjaya/lulus Mengalah/berhentimencuba Tertangguh/tertunda Menjaga Ternanti-nanti Menyiasat awas Mencari Menghormati Menebussemula Merancang Kadang-kadang Meninggaldunia Menyumbang Menangguhkan Bergantungkepada Kumpulkan Berjumpa/terserempak Kehabisan
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Break/Broke down Break/Broke into Bring in Call on Carry on Come across Crash into Cut down Deal with Drop in Get along with Get over Get ready Get through Give up Hold/Held up Look after Look forward Look into Look out Look out Look up to Make up Map out On and off Passed away Put in Put off Rely on Round up Run into Running out

Stop/Stopped because of a fault Enter/Entered by force Earn a profit Visit Continue Find by chance Hit Reduce Handle Make a visit Be friendly with Recover Hurry Pass Stop trying Delay/Delayed Take care of Expect with pleasure Investigate Be careful Look for/ Search Respect Compensate Plan Sometimes Died To spend time or energy/contribute Postponed Depend on Gather Meet Lacking

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

EXAMPLES PHRASAL VERB Back out Drop by Go for Hold on Move up bring up given in let down pick out speak for take after comes along sleep on it shut down back away freak out turn to broke out brush out pass on check in take away go ahead MEANING withdraw visit attack wait promote raise surrender disappoint choose represent resemble / look alike is available take a long time to think close move backwards panic ask for help started discuss die register remove go first FIGURATIVE EXPRESSION time and again the in thing newly picked make sense take French leave steal the show a wet blanket a close shave completely at sea with a high hand keep a ball rolling a bird's eye view bosom friend to turn tail apple pie order blow own trumpet put an end keep an eye in a daze once in a blue moon rain cats and dogs the blink of an eye an old hand MEANING many times in fashion fresh have a meaning absent without permission attract all attention discouraging person a narrow escape puzzled / tertanya-tanya arrogance / sombong keep things going a very good view good friend run away perfect order boast / cakapbesar stop look after confuse state / celaru rarely / jarang-jarang very heavy rain quickly expert/have done it many
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

times chew on put away talk back step up cough up call off work out let down cough up put on put off tied up forget it keep scold improve give cancel exercise disappointed block showed postpone busy given the sack caught red handed hold your horses forth night never judge a book by its cover give you a yell forty winks had my hands full sick to death round the corner burn a hole in the pocket two cents worth dismiss from job / dipecat caught in the act of be patient / bersabar 2 weeks / 2 fortnight don't judge by the way it looks. shout at you a nap / tidursekejap Busy fed up nearby / sangatdekat cost a lot / habisduit opinion/ pendapat

ANSWERS ENRICHMENT VOCABULARY FOR PMR No . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Word a lot of afraid angry bad beat beautiful big clever cruel excited expensive fake fast countless scared annoyed terrible strike gorgeous great intelligent malicious thrilled luxurious paste speedy scores of Frightened Irritated Disastrous Hammer Stunning Large Smart Spiteful Animated classy artificial rapid SYNONYMS abundance terrified fuming horrendous thump striking huge knowledgea ble vindictive spirited exclusive imitation swift ample horrified infuriated horrible thrash attractive enormous sharp ruthless enthusiastic costly forged express numerous intimidated incensed dreadful pound lovely mammoth wise merciless dynamic pricey sham hasty
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

fat fierce force full fun happy hardworkin g hate honest important interesting juicy kind lazy love modern nice loud open poor real rich run sad scared serious slow small soon strange stupid talk tasty thankful thin ugly walk

overweight violent compel jam-packed enjoyment blissful meticulous despise truthful significant attractive succulent caring indolent admire contemporar y beautiful noisy unlock unfortunate genuine wealthy sprint disheartened frightened solemn sluggish tiny almost immediately peculiar foolish converse delicious grateful slim deformed saunter

obese ferocious impose crammed amusement exhilarated reliable detest candid vital motivating luscious sympathetic lethargic fascinated current wonderful earsplitting unfasten underprivileged authentic prosperous scamper unhappy terrified stern unhurried minute quickly bizarre idiotic gossip appetising appreciative skinny hideous stroll

chubby brutal oblige teeming happiness joyous diligent loathe reliable essential appealing thirst quenching thoughtful sluggish fond of fashionable magnificent piercing release pitiable pure affluent dart depressed fearful sober leisurely little shortly outlandish absurd chatter scrumptious pleased lanky gruesome amble

stout vicious drive swarming entertainmen t delighted thorough resent virtuous crucial fascinating moist compassionat e slothful idolise trendy lovely raucous untie destitute bona fide loaded dash desolate petrified humourless dawdling meager presently eccentric ignorant ratter sumptuous gratified lean ghastly toddle

portly furious constrain congested merriment thrilled industrious scorn sincere imperative remarkable tender considerate listless adore chic fantastic deafening unwrap povertystricken original well-off scurry distressed anxious grave lingering petite momentaril y weird nonsensical utter delectable indebted gangly horrible totter

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

SENTENCE PATTERN When writing an essay, you must try to vary your sentences. If your sentences have no variation, then your writing will be monotonous. You must learn to spice up your writing by using a mixture of sentences such as Simple, Compound and Complex sentences. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Simple Sentence

1. A simple Sentence has one subject and one predicate. 2. A simple Sentence contains one independent clause and no subordinate clauses. 3. A simple sentence may have a compound subject, a compound verb, or both. Examples: Jamesworks as a teacher. Subject Predicate (one independent clause)
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Serena sells postcards. Subject verb

Serena and Shirleybuy and sell postcards. Subjects verbs

Exercise: Circle each subject and underline each verb in the following sentences. Example: Claudia smiled sweetly and motioned the guests inside.

1. Carmen and her aunt skated at the pond after school. 2. The boy and his mother took a train to Kuala Lumpur. 3. The pattern of every snowflake is unique. 4. Ted and Mark boarded a ferry to Langkawi Island last week. 5. Jeff did badly in the examination. 6. I read the draft of the paper and did a thorough revision. 7. Emily Dickinson published very few poems in her lifetime. 8. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune have rings. 9. I enjoy watching football. 10. We congratulated Rosa on her achievement. 11. My favourite snack is a sandwich and milk. 12. Karen and Erica trained hard and won the singing competition. 13. This months school newspaper includes a list of new books in the library. 14. He sat down and looked out onto the peaks below. 15. The gale blew on and off for another 48 hours. 16. My friend Julie and I had spent a day in Monte Carlo.
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

17. Malaysias Marine locations are its lifeline. 18. Pollution has seriously degraded Penangs beaches and seas. 19. Organic food is gradually becoming more popular. 20. The businessman is very rich and kind.
21. We waste energy in our daily activities. 22. The report describes the advantages of solar power.

23. Many environmentalists and scientists oppose nuclear power. 24. Many people have already turned to renewable energy sources 25. Glass roofs and skylights should be carefully designed.

EXERCISE 2

Write ten simple sentences based on the picture below

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

(Hint for teachers -Give your students some spelling or vocabulary words to make sentences with) 1) _______________________________________________________________________ 2) _______________________________________________________________________ 3) ______________________________________________________________________ 4) ______________________________________________________________________ 5) ______________________________________________________________________ 6) _______________________________________________________________________ 7) _______________________________________________________________________ 8) _______________________________________________________________________ 9) _______________________________________________________________________ 10) ______________________________________________________________________

Compound Sentence
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

A compound sentence is a sentence with 2 simple sentences joined by a conjunction eg : ( and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet). Examples: 1. My brother does the dishes and takes out the trash. 2. The boy entered the room but he did not see Mr. Jonathan. 3. I was tired so I went to sleep.

Exercise: Rewrite each of the following pairs of simple sentences as one compound sentence. Example: Ants are small. They are powerful. (but) Ants are small but powerful.

1. We can go to a movie. We can watch a videotape at home. (or) __________________________________________________________________ 2. Sally wrote a poem about her mother. She did not show it to her. (but) __________________________________________________________________ 3. Dark clouds gathered above the paddy field. Rain fell steadily. (and) ____________________________________________________________________ 4. The talk show host was silly. His show had a large audience. (but) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Some students played in the field. Other students went to the library.(but) _____________________________________________________________________

6. Last night the house felt chilly. I drank not tea and curled up with a book. (so) _____________________________________________________________________
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

7. Suddenly, Bobbie ran to the window. We wondered what she saw. (and) _____________________________________________________________________ 8. You can wait for me at the entrance. You can go in and find us a seat. (or) _____________________________________________________________________ 9. Ipoh is the capital city of the State of Perak. It lies in the valley of the Kinta River. (and) _____________________________________________________________________
10. Fossil fuels are non-renewable. We need to find alternative energy sources. (so) _______________________________________________________________________

11. Many scientists have hailed nuclear power as a cheap source of electricity. Environmentalists have stressed its danger.(but) _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 12. She did her homework earlier. She watched her favourite TV programme. (so) _____________________________________________________________________ 13. We decided to stay at home. It rained heavily. (as) _____________________________________________________________________ 14. My sister slept earlier. My mother could do her house chores. (so) _____________________________________________________________________ 15. Jane was saddened by the news. She managed to fight back the tears. (but) _____________________________________________________________________

Compound Sentences

EXERCISE 2
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Based on the same picture in EXERCISE 1, write 10 compound sentences. 1) ________________________________________________________________________ 2) ________________________________________________________________________ 3) ________________________________________________________________________ 4) ________________________________________________________________________ 5) ________________________________________________________________________ 6) ________________________________________________________________________ 7) ________________________________________________________________________ 8) ________________________________________________________________________ 9) ________________________________________________________________________ 10) ______________________________________________________________________

Complex Sentence
A complex sentence is a sentence or phrase joined by one or more simple sentences.

A complex sentence always has a connector such as since, because, after, although or when or a relative pronoun such as who, which, that. Examples 1. because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon 2. while he waited at the train station 3. after they left on the bus

Below are some of the most common connectors and relative pronouns used: after although as because before even though if since though
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

unless until when whenever whereas wherever while ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Exercise: Combine the two sentences by using the word in brackets so that they become a complex sentence. 1. The careless girl forgot to pay for her food. She was called by the canteen operator. (who) _____________________________________________________________________ 2. The Scouts took the wrong road. They managed to find their way home. (who) _____________________________________________________________________ 3. The debate team became the champion. The teacher was happy. (when) _____________________________________________________________________ 4. She thinks this is the spot. Her mother was snatched. (where) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Loreal borrowed five storybooks. They were books about animals. (which) _____________________________________________________________________ 6. We decided to have lunch at the food court. There are many types of food served. (where) _____________________________________________________________________ 7. My grandmother is 79 years old. I gave her a beautiful pendent. (whom) _____________________________________________________________________

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

EXERCISE 2 Based on the same picture, convert your original ten simple sentences into complex sentences. 1) _____________________________________________________________________ 2) ____________________________________________________________________ 3) ___________________________________________________________________ 4) ___________________________________________________________________ 5) ___________________________________________________________________ 6) ____________________________________________________________________ 7) ____________________________________________________________________ 8) ____________________________________________________________________ 9) ___________________________________________________________________ 10) __________________________________________________________________

Exercise 3 : Combine the following sentences into complex sentences to write a story about Jared. Write in one paragraph. His name is Jared He's a basketball player.
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

He has a large house in Kuala Lumpur. The house is beautiful. He often travels around Malaysia. He plays away games in different cities Malaysia. He travels by airplane. He usually sleeps on the plane. He stays up late after games. He is an excellent scorer. Fans love his abilities. Coaches love his abilities. Every week he plays a home game. The game is played in Glover Stadium. The game is usually sold out. Glover Stadium is old. Glover Stadium doesn't have enough seats for all the fans. The fans wait in line to buy tickets. The fans often pay more than RM60 for a ticket. The fans are unhappy about the ticket prices. The fans love Jared.

Exercise 4 Now write using the three types of sentences you have learned. Step 1: EFFECTS: First, construct sentences for the points given below using simple sentences. Air pollution lung and heart diseases fog and notes haze given, write an article on Effects of Pollution for your school Based on the short bad for eyes magazine. toxic gases blacken building CONTROL: Control of pollution needs cooperation of government public individual Water Pollution unsafe for swimming

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oil spills reduce food supply


PPD Noise KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING pollution

hearing affected damage to ear

When writing the article: 1. you may use all the notes given 2. elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting 3. make sure it is not less than 120 words

1. Pollution today is getting from bad to worse. 2. There is air, water and noise pollution 3. The environment is becoming a dirty and an unhealthy place to be in. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Step 2: Combine the sentences Introduction: 1. Pollution today is getting from bad to worse. 2. There is air, water and noise pollution. Use simple sentences 3. The environment is becoming a dirty and an unhealthy place to be in.

First paragraph: Effect : Air pollution 4. Air pollution has bad effects on our health. 5. It makes us sick and unhealthy. 6. City people are exposed to the dirty air. 7. They often suffer from lung and heart diseases. 8. The polluted air is bad for the lungs and chest. 9. Pollution causes fog and haze. 10. They are bad for the eyes. 11. The toxic gases from vehicles on the road and factories blacken buildings. 12. They do damage to the concrete and walls. combine sentences: No 4 and 5 using for (compound) No 5, and No 6 using who and No 7 using because (complex) No. 9 and No. 10 using which (complex) No. 11 and No 12 using and

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

(compound) Second paragraph: 13. Polluted water is unsafe. 14. It is unsafe for swimming. 15. It causes the water to be dirty. Effect : Water pollution combine sentences: No 13 and No. 14.Begin with No 13 with when (complex)

combine with No 15 using as (compound) combine with No 16 which (complex) No 17 and No 18 using as (compound) No 19 simple sentence .Begin sentence with Thus

16 17 18 19

One can suffer from skin diseases and eye and ear irritation. Sea creatures and plants die after oil spills. The oil may take years to clean up. Thus, they reduce the available seafood supply

20 In addition, noise pollution does damage to the ears. 2I It causes hearing problems. 22 The damage can be permanent.

Third paragraph: Effect: Noise pollution Combine sentences: No 20 and No 21 using and (compound) and No 23 using which

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

(complex)

23 There are many practical ways to help protect the environment. 24 Each of us can do our parts. 25 The fight against pollution requires cooperation of the government public and all individuals. 26 It is everybodys responsibility.

Conclusion: Combine sentences: No 23 and No 24 using in which(complex) No 25 and No26using as. (compound)

Step 3: Write the Article in paragraph

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Based on the pictures and notes given, write a letter to your friend. Use the various sentence patterns that you have learnt. Use the clues given.

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Greeting : 1. How are you? 2. How is your family? 3. I hope you are fine. Use simple or compound sentences

4. I was looking forward to visiting you. 5. My mother is now very sick. 6. She is down with viral fever. 7. She has been admitted to the hospital. 8. She was admitted last Tuesday. 9. The doctor will discharge her soon. 10. She is out of danger 11. She is still weak. 12. She need plenty of rest.

Paragraph 1 Combine sentences : No 4 and No 5 using but (compound) No 6 and No 7 using and and No 8 using since (compound and complex) No 9 and No 10 using as (complex) No 11 and 12 using and(compound)

13. I wont be able to visit you. 14. We made wonderful plans. 15. I need to help my family take care of my mother. 16. She is recuperating. 17. I dont know how much I can help. 18. I cannot leave when she is so weak. 19. I would be very worried. 20. I come to you house now.

Paragraph 2 Combine sentences : No 14 and 15 using but and 16 using while No 17 and 18 using but No 19 and No 20 using if

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PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

21. I will visit you once she is better. 22. We cannot spend a whole moth together. 23 We can still have a few days of fun.

Paragraph 3 Combine sentences: 22 and 23 using even though Ending Use any suitable sentences

24. Have a good time. 25 Give my regards to your family

Exercise 5 Based on the pictures and notes, write out your story. Remember to varied your structures and use some good words and phrases to spice up your writing. To assist you, answer the questions given below.

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Answer the following questions to help you expand your composition 1. 2. 3. 4. What time of the day was it? How was the morning like? What did you see and feel that morning? How was the road? Was it busy?

5. 6. 7. 8.

Who did you see that morning? What was the girl doing? Did she take notice of you? What was your opinion of the girl?

9. What incident unfolded that morning? 10. How did the girl react to the incident? 11. How did you react to the incident? 12. What happen to the girl after that? 13. What did you do to help the girl? 14. Why was the girl crying?

15. Where did the two of you go? 16. What did you tell the police officer? 17. What did the police officer say to the girl? 18. What happen to Salina after that?

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19. Where did you go after the report? 20. Who did you meet in the class? 21. How did your teacher react to your story?

22. How did you feel after the incident? 23. Did you learn anything from the incident?

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Answers: Exercise: Circle each subject and underline each verb in the following sentences. Example: Claudi a smiled sweetly and motioned the guests inside.

1. Carmen and her aunt skated at the pond after school. 2. The boy and his mothertook a train to Kuala Lumpur. 3. The pattern of every snowflake is unique. 4. Ted and Mark boarded a ferry to Langkawi Island last week. 5. Jeff did badly in the examination. 6. I read the draft of the paper and did a thorough revision.
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7. Emily Dickinson published very few poems in her lifetime. 8. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune have rings. 9. I enjoy football. 10. We congratulated Rosa on her achievement. 11. My favourite snack is a sandwich and milk. 12. Karen and Erica trained hard and won the singing competition. 13. This monthsschool newspaper includes a list of new books in the library. 14. He sat down and looked out onto the peaks below. 15. The gale blew on and off for another 48 hours. 16. My friend Julie and I had spent a day in Monte Carlo. 17. Malaysias Marine locations are its lifeline. 18. Pollution has seriously degraded Penangs beaches and seas. 19. Organic food is gradually becoming more popular. 20. The businessman is very rich and kind. 21. We waste energy in our daily activities. 22. The report describes the advantages of solar power. 23. Many environmentalists and scientists oppose nuclear power. 24. Many people have already turned to renewable energy sources 25. Glass roofs and skylights should be carefully designed. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Exercise: Rewrite each of the following pairs of simple sentences as one compound sentence. Example: Ants are small. They are powerful. (but) Ants are small but powerful. 1. We can go to a movie. We can watch a videotape at home. (or)
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We can go to a movie or watch a videotape at home. (or)

2. Sally wrote a poem about her mother. She did not show it to her. (but) Sally wrote a poem about her mother but she did not show it to her.

3. Dark clouds gathered above the paddy field. Rain fell steadily. (and) Dark clouds gathered above the paddy field and rain fell steadily

4. The talk show host was silly. His show had a large audience. (but) The talk show host was silly but had a large audience

5. Some students played in the field. Other students went to the library.(but) Some students played in the field but other students went to the library 6. Last night the house felt chilly. I drank not tea and curled up with a book. (so) Last night the house felt chilly so I drank not tea and curled up with a book. (so) 7. Suddenly, Bobbie ran to the window. We wondered what she saw. (and) Suddenly, Bobbie ran to the window and we wondered what she saw. 8. You can wait for me at the entrance. You can go in and find us a seat. (or) You can wait for me at the entrance or go in and find us a seat. 9. Ipoh is the capital city of the State of Perak. It lies in the valley of the Kinta River. (and) Ipoh is the capital city of the State of Perak and it lies in the valley of the Kinta River 10. Fossil fuels are non-renewable. We need to find alternative energy sources. (so) Fossil fuels are non-renewable so we need to find alternative energy source. 11. Many scientists have hailed nuclear power as a cheap source of electricity. Environmentalists have stressed its danger.(but)

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Many scientists have hailed nuclear power as a cheap source of electricity but environmentalists have stressed its danger. 12. She did her homework earlier. She watched her favourite TV programme. (so) She did her homework earlier so she could watch her favourite TV programme. 13. We decided to stay at home. It rained heavily. (as) We decided to stay at home as it rained heavily. 14. My sister slept earlier. My mother could do her house chores. (so) My sister slept earlier so my mother could do her house chores. 15. Jane was saddened by the news. She managed to fight back the tears. (but) Jane was saddened by the news but she managed to fight back the tears.

Exercise: Combine the two sentences by using the word in brackets so that they become a complex sentence.

1. The careless girl forgot to pay for her food. She was called by the canteen operator. (who) The careless girl who forgot to pay for her food was called by the canteen operator. 2. The Scouts took the wrong road. They managed to find their way home. (who) The Scouts who took the wrong road managed to find their way home. 3. The debate team became the champion. The teacher was happy. (when) When the debate team became the champion, the teacher was happy. 4. She thinks this is the spot. Her mothers handbag was snatched. (where) She thinks this is the spot where her mothers handbag was snatched.
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5. Loreal borrowed five storybooks. They were books about animals. (which) Loreal borrowed five storybooks which were about animals. 6. We decided to have lunch at the food court. There are many types of food served. (where) We decided to have lunch at the food court where many types of food are served. 7. My grandmother is 79 years old. I gave her a beautiful pendent. (whom) My grandmother whom I gave a beautiful pendent is 79 years old.

Answer for a paragraph on Jared:

Jared is a famous basketball player. He lives in a big and beautiful house in Kuala Lumpur. He often flies around Malaysia to play away games. Both fans and coaches love his excellent scoring abilities. Every week he plays home games in Glover Stadium which is usually sold out. Glover Stadium is an old stadium without enough seats for all the fans. Fans wait in line to buy the tickets which often cost more than RM60. Even though the fans are unhappy about ticket prices, they lovedJared.

Complex Sentence - Possible Paragraph

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Jared is a famous basketball player who lives in a beautiful house in Kuala Lumpur. He often flies to different cities around Malaysia to play away games. His excellent scoring skill is loved by both fans and coaches. Old Glover Stadium doesn't have enough seats for the fans who want to come to home games. Even though they are unhappy about ticket prices, they wait in line and pay more than RM60 to see Jared play.

Answers: Essay Effects of Pollutions

1. Pollution today is getting from bad to worse. 2. There is air, water and noise pollution. 3. The environment is becoming a dirty and an unhealthy place to be in. 4. Air pollution has bad effects on our health. 5. It makes us sick and unhealthy. 6. City people are exposed to the dirty air. 7. They often suffer from lung and heart diseases. 8. The polluted air is bad for the lungs and chest. 9. Pollution causes fog and haze. 10. They are bad for the eyes. 11. The toxic gases from vehicles on the road and factories blacken buildings. 12. They do damage to the concrete and walls. 13. Polluted water is unsafe for swimming. 14. It causes the water to be dirty. 15. One can suffer from skin diseases and eye and ear irritation. 16. Sea creatures and plants die after oil spills.
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17. The oil may take years to be cleaned up. 18. Thus, they reduce the availability of seafood supply. 19. In addition, noise pollution does damage to the ears. 20. It causes hearing problems. 21. The damage can be permanent. 22. There are many practical ways to help protect the environment. 23. Each of us can do our parts. 24. The fight against pollution requires cooperation of the government, public and all individuals. 25. It is everybodys responsibility.

Possible answer for the essay on Effects of Pollutions

Pollution today is getting from bad to worse. There is air, water and noise pollution. The environment is becoming a dirty and an unhealthy place to be in. Air pollution has bad effects on our healthfor it makes us sick and unhealthy. City people who are exposed to the dirty air often suffer from lung and heart diseases because the polluted air is bad for the lungs and chest. Pollution causes fog and haze which is bad for the eyes. The toxic gases from vehicles on the road and factories blacken buildings and do damage to the concrete and walls. When water is polluted, it is unsafe for swimming, as the water is dirty. Swimming in polluted water can make us suffer from skin diseases and eye and ear irritation Sea creatures and plants die after oil spills as the oil may take years to be cleaned up. Thus, they reduce the available seafood supply.

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In addition, noise pollution does damage to the ears and causes hearing problemswhich can be permanent. There are many practical ways in which each of us can do to help protect the environment The fight against pollution requires cooperation of the government public and all individual as it is everybodys responsibility.

Possible answer for picture composition: It was nearing 7 on the morning of 23 January. The gentle breeze was brushingagainst my skin. January is my favourite month because it will always be a breezy day and the coldness reminds me of being somewhere at overseas. It was still early, so not many people were flocking the road, except for a few early birds. The route I often use to school is only busy when the time hit 8.00 am. That is the time working class rushes to their destinations.

As I was walking, enjoying the unpolluted scenery in the morning, I saw a girl walking slowly in front of me. She was drowned in her own world, oblivious to her surroundings. I tried to get hold of her attention by coughing, sneezing and God knows what else, but still she was not bothered. I wasnt sure whether she was playing deaf or she was really

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engrossed in her own thoughts. Anyway, I did not bother and chose to ignore her by transfixing in my own thoughts. Suddenly, a motorcyclist scrambled right in front of me headed towards the girl, without any warning, snatched the girls sling bag. His speedy action sent the girl spinning in shocks. It took her a few moments to realise what had actually occurred. She screamed her lungs out, Help!!! Snatch thief! I rushed to her aids; unfortunately, the snatch thief was faster than I was. Before I could reach her, he had sped away with her sling bag. All I could do was gasped in disbeliefand showed my sympathetic face to the then crying girl. She was trembling like a leaf and all she could do was cried. After ensuring that she was not hurt, I calmed her down by asking her to sit on the pavement. Then she explained that her bag contained important things money, Identification card and her exam slip. She was very upset that she kept on mumbling what she was going to do. So I suggested that she reported to the police and I would accompany her. It was then she managed to compose herself and whispered her thanks in between her sobbing. We reached the police station and reported what had happened to the police officer on duty. The girl could not give any description of the snatch thief as she was attacked from behind. So I volunteered to help her by giving a vivid account of this morning incident. The officer recorded everything down but could not promise the girl, whose name was Salina that her sling bag would be found that easily. However, he assured her that she could get her new identification card very soon. Before we left the police station, the officer praised me for being a Good Samaritan. Salinas parents fetched her from the police station and I continued my journey to school. It was 9 am by the time I reached my class. The disciplined teacher, Mr Anson, stood akimbo and stared at me. Obviously he was waiting for my excuse. I went straight towards him and apologised for being late by telling him about this morning fateful incident. He believed me and said I was a brave boy. However, he reminded me not to play hero in such a dangerous incident in the near future. I promised him I would not. It was indeed a memorable day for me and perhaps. We all learned a lesson to two here. Firstly, never walk alone when we are having something important with us. Secondly, never

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hold on to our bag facing the road. We must be alert and conscious of our surrounding after all, you never know what awaits you.

GUIDED WRITING
General Guidelines for GUIDED WRITING

[25 marks -- 40 minutes] 1. Always read the question carefully and highlight what you need to do (task). Check the tone/pronoun needed. 2. Use the 40 minutes wisely: Use 5 minutes to plan your essay and organise your thoughts (what to write, how to elaborate on the points given). Then, use 30 minutes to write and 5 minutes to edit.

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3. Remember to use all the points given. Cross out the points you have used so that not a single point is left out. 4. Remember to give relevant details or elaborate the points given. Use wHquestions to help you develop your points. 5. Vary your sentence structures so that your essay is not dull and monotonous. 6. Try to include an introduction (may copy from the question and check if you need to change the pronoun) and a conclusion. 7. Also, make sure your paragraphs are well-organised. 8. Read through your written piece and edit it.

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FORMAT OF A SPEECH/TALK Good morning to the principal, teachers and fellow students. I am honoured to be given this opportunity to talk on 'Healthy Lifestyle'. ............................................................................................................................. ..... ....................................................................... ............................................................................................................................. ....... ............................................................................................................................. ...... ............................................ Thank you. FORMAT OF AN INFORMAL LETTER 66, Lrg. 8, Legend Park, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah. 22 SEPT 20012. Dear Yuna, .................................................................................... ..................................................................................... .................................................................. Yours sincerely, Siti FORMAT OF A REPORT A VISIT TO AN ORPHNAGE At 8.30 a.m., 40 students and............................................................................. ............................................................................................................................. .............................. ............................................................................................................................. .......................... Reported by Christy 47

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Secretary of the Civics Club

FORMAT OF AN ARTICLE Healthy Lifestyle

Which is more important? ......................................... ................................................................ ............................................. .............. ............................................... ......................................................... ............................................................... Written by, Erica

FORMAT OF A DIALOGUE

Example: Interview A reporter interviewed Justin at the school canteen.

Reporter: ........................... Justin : ............................ Reporter: .......................... Justin : ............................

FORMAT OF A NEWSPAPER REPORT

FLASH FLOOD IN SUNGAI PETANI

SUNGAI PETANI: ........................................................................................

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.................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................

FORMAT OF A STORY

It was raining heavily. ...................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................. ........... ............................................................................................................................. ..........

FORMAT OF A RECOUNT

As I was walking home,......................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................. .......... ........................................................................................

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General guidelines Some tips for writing out speech A speech is an informal or formal talk that you give to an audience You give speeches to welcome people thank people say farewell to somebody congratulate someone introduce someone at a function talk about a topic at a formal gathering

In a formal speech, you need to address your audience in a correct manner for example Good morning to the Principal, teachers, fellow students and friends State the objective of your speech in the introductory paragraph Organize your ideas clearly Provide examples to give a clearer picture of what you are talking about. You normally use the present tense in a speech.

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SPEECHES AND TALKS QUESTION 1

As the president of the Health Club, you have been asked to give a talk entitled Leading a Healthy Lifestyle during the school assembly. Use the notes given below to write your speech.

practise healthy eating habits consume less oily food fast food cut down on sugary and salty food eat more vegetables and fruits exercise regularly have a hobby get enough sleep do not drink or smoke serious health problems

P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7

When writing the speech: use the correct format you may use all the points provided
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provide reasons to support your answer make sure it is not less than 120 words

A very good morning to the principal, teacher and fellow friends. It is an honour to give a speech on this glorious morning and I would like to thank the school for this opportunity. Today, I am here to give a speech on the topic Leading a Healthy Lifestyle. I am very sure that all of you have heard the saying Health is better than wealth. Yes, it is true. Without good health, one cannot enjoy all the good things in life. So, dear friends, it is very important to lead a healthy lifestyle. Firstly, our health depends greatly on the type of food we consume. We should practise healthy eating habits. Healthy eating is a way of balancing the food we eat to keep our body strong, energised and well-nourished. We should eat a wide variety of nutritious foods which include carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. We should limit the consumption of oily food. Foods which are very oily such as French fries, burgers and fried chicken have saturated fat. These may lead to weight gain and obesity. Therefore, it is best to reduce the intake of fatty food. Apart from that, avoid taking too much of sugary and salty food. Consuming too much of these foods will give rise to serious health problems such as diabetes, stroke and heart related problems. Instead, we should eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. These provide essential nutrients to our body and help to build up our immune system. Having a good immune system means that we are protected against germs and viruses that cause diseases.

Greet the audience (compound) State the objective of your speech Further Explanation (simple , compound)

P1 and elaboration (complex) (complex) P2 and elaboration (complex) (compound) P3 and elaboration (complex) P4 and elaboration (complex)

Regular exercise will keep our body trim and fit. Exercising for at least 20 minutes a day, three times a week will help burn extra calories. (compound) These days, a students life is very hectic with loads of assignments, P5 and homework and examinations. Having a hobby will help us to unwind. elaboration We should also get enough sleep because lack of sleep may disrupt hormones. We must at least sleep for eight hours each day. If we (complex) P6 and
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do not, we will feel tired and lethargic. Lastly, avoid smoking and drinking and stay away from drugs. They affect a persons health in many serious ways. Smoking can lead to lung cancer and many other diseases. Let me end by saying take care of your health. Lead a healthy lifestyle. It is vital that the youths of our country be physically and mentally healthy. Thank you.

elaboration P7 and Elaboration (compound) Conclusion - thank the audience

QUESTION 2
Your school has launched a campaign to encourage reading habits among students. As the president of the English Language Society, you have been asked to give a speech during assembly on the benefits of reading. Using the mind map below, write out your speech.

increases increasesones ones knowledge knowledge

improves improvesones ones command commandof of language language

The Thebenefits benefitsof of reading reading

provides provides relaxation relaxationand and entertainment entertainment

improves improvesour our creativity creativity


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When writing the speech:

use the correct format you may use all the points provided provide reasons to support your answer make sure it is not less than 120 words

Greetings Introduction Benefit 1 Increases vocabulary

A very good morning to the principal, teacher and fellow friends. I am honoured to be asked to give a speech entitled The Benefits of Reading. Reading maketh a man. I am sure you have all heard of this saying. Reading has a host of benefits. A person who reads knows a lot of things. He will have the knowledge of current affairs and is also aware of what is happening locally and abroad. Reading books expands our knowledge, introduces us to new ideas and may even improve our writing skills. Reading improves our command of a language. It enriches and improves our vocabulary. With an improved vocabulary, we will be able to express ourselves better and communicate more confidently with others. Another of the many benefits of reading is that it helps us to rest and relax. It is a cure for boredom. A person who reads does not feel bored or lonely. Reading helps take our mind off our problems and reduces stress. Thus, making us healthier. Reading improves a persons creativity. It opens our mind to new possibilities. By reading more books and gaining more information, we will be able to come up with more creative ideas. Friends, give a thought to the joys and benefits of reading. Start reading today and you will never regret it. Thank you.

Benefit 2Improves Language Benefit 3 Provides relaxation Benefit 4 Improves creativity Conclusion

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QUESTION 3
The pictures below show the various locations in the school where safety should be emphasised. As the Head Prefect, you have been asked to give a speech during the school assembly about Safety Measures in School.

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When writing the speech: you may use all the notes provided elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting add any other relevant information make sure it is not less than 120 words

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Step 1 - Question analysis

Keywords Question requirement

precaution accident - equipment rules care Describe the safety measures for each picture, highlighting some things to look out for

Step 2 Creating the outline Introduction Body Point 1 Point 2 Point 3 Point 4 Conclusion Accidents occur careless do not follow rules Living Skills Room equipment and tools use tools carefully obey rules and instructions Staircase walk in single file -rush and push walk slowly Science laboratory careful during experiments chemicals observe rules strictly School canteen queue up to buy food - spill hot soup, hot drink Take care of ones safety - safer school environment

Good morning to the principal, teachers and dear friends. This morning it is my pleasure to speak to all of you on the topic Safety Measures in School. Accidents may occur in schools because we are careless and when we do not follow the rules. One important area is the Living Skills Workshop. Safety is particularly important here because we have to use utensils and tools which could be

Introduction

Point 1

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dangerous if misused. Sometimes, students become very playful and forget themselves when they work together. However, if we obey the rules and follow the instructions of our teachers, such accidents can be avoided. Accidents often happen when students do not use the staircases wisely. When you use the staircase, please walk up and down slowly and in a single file. Avoid pushing one another. Remember, any fall on the staircase can be fatal. The science laboratory is another place where observing safety measures is absolutely necessary. Students have to be careful during experiments. Handle chemicals and lab equipments with great care and caution. You must observe all safety rules strictly. Accidents also occur in the school canteen. Queue up when you buy food. Be careful with your bowl of hot soup or hot drink and watch out for other students while handling hot food. Let us work together to take care of our safety and to create a safer school environment for all of us. Thank you. Point 2

Point 3

Point 4 Conclusion

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GIVING OPINIONS For this type of composition, you are required to give your opinion or your viewpoint on a certain topic, and state the reasons for your opinion. 60

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Guidelines 1) Take note of what is required in the question. 2) This type of composition requires you to state whether you agree or disagree with the topic or issue given. 3) You have to take a stand to agree with one or the other persons opinion. State your opinion in the introduction paragraph. Make sure you are specific and clear when you state your opinion. 4) Once you have decided on whose opinion you support, prepare an outline for your composition by jotting down what you wish to say. 5) Start the composition with a straightforward statement (I agree with) 6) You may firstly use the points mentioned (based on the details given in the question) by elaborating them. 7) Then add in and elaborate your own ideas to support your stand and to explain why you disagree with what was said. Give solid reasons, facts and evidence to support them. 8) Some ways to state your opinion: I agree with In my opinion I strongly feel/believe that I am in favour of Personally, I think that I disagree with

9) Make sure to be specific and clear when stating your opinion. 10) In conclusion, stress on your opinion again to be more emphasized. 11) When writing your composition, use clear, direct and persuasive language. 12) Arguments are normally written using the present tense. 61

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GIVING OPINIONS Question 1

Read the dialogue between the Leela and Rizal. Who do you agree with? Use the dialogue below to write the composition. Provide reasons to support your answer.

I think group study is a waste of time. You can easily get distracted I disagree with you. I have a good study group. They support me and push me to achieve better results. Leela I have been to study group where members come unprepared and in the end, we ended up gossiping and playing with each other. Rizal I think you just have to choose your members carefully. Study group members can help each other solve problems which you may be afraid to ask in school. Leela

Rizal

When writing your composition, you may use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting add any relevant information make sure it is not less than 120 words

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I disagree with Rizal when he says that a group study Take a stand in the is a waste of time because it can be helpful when you are first paragraph. State preparing for a major examination. There also several other your opinion. benefits of study group. The most important benefit of study group is it can help to motivate you when you are feeling down. Members of the group will encourage and spur you when you do not feel like studying. I also agree with Leela that you need to choose your studygroup members carefully. You should choose members who are motivated to do well and dependable. They must also be tolerant of the ideas presented by others and they should generally be able to work with each other. A study group can end up being a social group and this would be detrimental to your studies. Thus you should choose study group members carefully. Apart from that, a study group also helps to make studying enjoyable and interesting. It can be boring when you study alone. You can ask questions and have your problems solved. Someone in your group is likely to know something that you do not know. When you teach or explain to other people, it will help you reinforce what you have learnt. Furthermore, you may become more committed to study because the group members are depending on your presentation and participation. You will not want to let them down. Therefore I am of the opinion that group study is definitelybeneficial. You just need to be selective and choose you group study members carefully and stay committed to the group. Use and elaborate points mentioned in the dialogue.

Add relevant information to make you explanation interesting

Use the points mentioned in the dialogue

Give other relevant reasons

Conclusion : state your opinion again with emphasis.

(Adapted and modified from Writing Guide for PMR, ArahPendidikan 2008)

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QUESTION 2

Read the dialogue between two students. Who do you agree with? Provide reasons to support our answer. Add other interesting and relevant information of your own.

Hamid : I totally agree with the governments decision to abolish examinations. Examinations are a waste of time. Ali : I disagree with you. Without examination, how will students performance and ability be assessed? Hamid : I am sure there will be other ways to assess them. Students can be assessed according to coursework or project work. Ali : I feel that without examinations, students will not study hard and they will waste their time fooling around. Hamid : Examinations are stressful. Students just come to school to pass examinations. They do not learn other skills. Ali : Examination tension is not always bad. It prepares students to face challenges in the future. Hamid : Coursework or project work teaches teamwork and discipline. Students also learn communicative skills. These will help make them all-rounded.

When writing your composition, you should: state your point clearly elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting add relevant information make sure it is not less than 120 words

No 1 2

Given points The importance of examination Coursework not a suitable

Students will waste time

WH Question Why is it important? How do students benefit from it? Why is coursework not an effective tool? What are the disadvantages of coursework? What will they do?
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Prepares students for the future

Why is exam stress good? What can schools do?

Life today has become so complex that examinations have come to play an important part in ones educational career. Examinations are so important that most students are afraid of them. Examinations should be welcomed rather than feared. Therefore, I agree with Ali that examinations are necessary. Without examinations, how are we going to assess the students? Examination is intended to assess students progress. A carefully planned- out examination gives reliable evidence of students abilities and achievements. It compels students to study hard and to take necessary actions to overcome their weaknesses. We cannot totally depend on coursework as students can easily get help from family members or others to do the assignment. Furthermore, coursework is also limited in scope and it does not show the students ability on the whole. With the availability of the Internet, nothing can stop the students from plagiarizing his work. We should also not forget that coursework itself is also a form of stress. Without examinations, students will not take school seriously. They will not take school seriously. They will not study hard and will waste their time. They may while away their time by indulging in unbeneficial activities. There is no denying that examinations cause stress. Examination stress is good in the sense that it prepares students to face challenges in the future. Schools should teach stress management skills to help them cope with stress as pressure only increases at the university and in the workplace and we must teach students to perform well in these conditions rather than protect them In short, examinations are necessary. Examinations not only assess students progress but also help prepare and equip them well to face lifes challenges. So, I feel examinations play an important part in students lives. P1

P2

P3

P4

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Question 3

Your class is a having a class discussion on the importance of games. Your teacher has asked you to give your opinion on this. You believe that games should be made compulsory for students. Write your opinion using the notes given below. * have a healthy body and mind * develop the spirit of co-operation * work as team * form of relaxation

When writing your essay: you may use all the phrases provided provide reasons for your answer add any interesting information make sure it is not less than 120 words

Content point P1 P2 agree that games should be made compulsory have a healthy body and mind
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P3 P4 P5

develop teamwork and co-operation form of relaxation learn to cope with pressure

Personally, I am of the opinion that, playing games is a great way to stay fit and healthy. This is very important as most teenagers lack physical exercise as they do not do not indulge in sports. Therefore, games should be made compulsory for school students. In the first place to be healthy, a person must exercise Giving reasons P2 regularly. A person who plays games will have a healthy body and mind. Playing games also promotes health-enhancing Adding further information behaviour such as healthy eating and healthy lifestyle. On the other hand, a person who does not play games will be inactive To show contrast and weak. Furthermore, games teach us big lessons for life. Most P3 games involve teamwork and teach students how to get along Adding relevant information with their fellow students and how to work together to achieve a common goal. They will be more disciplined as they have to obey the rules. In addition, they will learn to put the interest of the team before self-interest. Apart from this, games are a form of relaxation. All work and P4 no play makes Jack a dull boy, goes the saying. A student Adding further information to cannot study all the time. If he does, he will soon be a bundle of make the argument stronger nerves. All games teach us about dealing with success and failures. P5 Thus, they will help students learn about coping with pressure and the need to improve themselves. Concluding an argument Although taking part in games is a hassle but it is definitely beneficial to students. I, therefore reiterate that games should be made compulsory for students. Giving an opinion and making a stand P1
(Adapted from Model compositions, summaries & literature for PMR, Penerbit ESPI)

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Question 4
Today many parents are in favour of sending their children to residential schools. Where would you like to study if given a choice? Based on the notes given, write a composition to state your choice. Give your opinion on the subject and support your opinion

Day School Family life live at home - strong family relationship Freedom after school - fewer rules and regulation Friends from diverse background Large classes - good educational facilities

Residential School makes one more independent Better access to good education very good facilities Governed by rules and regulations Peer pressure

Content to support day school: P1 Family life live at home - strong family relationship P2 Freedom after school - fewer rules and regulation P3 Friends from diverse background P4 Large classes good educational facilities

When writing your essay:


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You may use all the points provided provide reasons to support your answer add any interesting details make sure it is not less than 120 words

Many parents show keen interest in sending their children to residential schools. This trend is apparent after their children finish their UPSR or PMR examinations. As for me, I would choose to study in a day school. As a student of a day school, it is my opinion that day schools are more beneficial to students compared to residential schools. The main reason is, we can live with our family members who I believe are the best natural support. We can continue to have a normal family life. We learn to care about each other and family relationships grow stronger and closer when we support each other in times of difficulty. A school is unlikely to be able to give individual support as a family can. Besides after school there is freedom to do anything I want. I am not governed by rules and regulations as in a residential school. In a boarding school, all students have to follow rigid timetables for various activities such as meal times, bedtime, study time and so on. If our whole day is regulated, how do we learn to think for ourselves? Studying in a residential school restricts the circle of people you come into contact with. I enjoy the diversity a day school provides. I am able to mix with friends from various races and background. Although a day school might not have the state- of- the- art facilities, we do have reasonably good facilities and these are enough for us to get a good education. Apart from that, a large class is not a problem at all because teachers are experienced and able to cope with the situation. Thus, one needs to consider all the factors carefully before deciding to study in a day school or a residential school. P1

P2

P3

P4

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GUIDELINES

1. Read the question and determine the topic of your article. 2. Study the topic given and determine the audience. 3. Brainstorm ideas and jot them down 4. Focus on the topic and provide reasons and interesting facts for your points. 5. Use all the notes given, and expand these notes. 6. Give a suitable title for your article. 7. If the article is for publication in a school magazine, you may write down your name and class. 8. Determine the length of the article is not less than the required number of words. 9. You may use linkers to ensure that ideas flow smoothly from one to another 10. Use the correct tense. 11. Check for grammatical, spelling and punctuation errors.

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SAMPLE 1 Write an article on the effects of development on the environment.

hurry to develop - price to pay - health, lives air - polluted - fumes, smoke - cars, factories rivers drying - chemicals dumped forest cut down - houses, factories, offices - landslides, floods sacrifice - environment - for - development
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save the earth - heritage - must not destroy - responsibility - protect

When writing the article : useall the notes given. elaborate on the notes give a suitable title make sure it is not less than 120 words

MODEL ANSWER

Effects Of Development On The Environment In our hurry to developand modernizeour country, we seem to have forgotten that there is a price to pay. That price is our health and lives. Most of the developers are greedy and they neglect the environment in the rush to make profits. The air is polluted by the fumes from cars and factories. The pollution can cause diseases like asthma, bronchitis and other breathing problems. Besides, the rivers are also drying up because chemicals have been dumped by factories. As a result, once striving marine life has dwindled to dangerous levels. Fishermen who depend on the rivers for their livelihood are finding it difficult to make a living.
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In addition, our forests are being cut down as the need for houses, factories, office and living space increases. As a result of this indiscriminate felling, landslides and flash floods occur at an alarming rate. Many lives, human and animals have been lost because of these disasters. The price we have been paying is very high. We have sacrificed our environment for the sake of development. Lastly, we must be willing to sacrifice to save the earth. We must consumeless and waste less. The earth is our heritage so we must not destroy it. Thus it is our responsibility to protect our environment from now on. We have to realize that our environment has itslimit. It cannot go on being abused indefinitely .

WORD LIST

Develop modernize

- to grow - to become advanced

greedy - wanting more than enough neglect - no care environment- surrounding polluted - to make harm or dirty

dumped indiscriminate felling disasters sacrificed sake willing consume heritage responsibility

thrown careless cutting down (trees) misfortune giving up something in order to please or get ready to use handed down from the past duty

fumes - gases from engines Careful road - pedestrian SAMPLE 2 responsibility - crossing duty

Never dash road knock down

Write an article on Road Safety for your school magazine. Use the notes given below to help you.

Bus - school do not get on - off - bus - moving

Bus - school do not get on - off - bus - moving

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Do not cycle middle road

Bicycles - good - condition - brakes - lights

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

When writing the article : useall the notes given. elaborate on the notes give a suitable title make sure it is not less than 120 words

MODEL ANSWER

Road Safety

Many people are involved in road accidents daily. Some are killed whereas many others are injured. So, it is important for us to learn to use the roads safely and properly. Firstly, we should be careful when crossing the road. If there is a pedestriancrossing, we should use it. We must never dash across the road as we
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may get knocked down. If there are no crossings, then we must look carefully to the left, then the right and left again and cross only when it is safe. This is to prevent accidents from happening. Next, when we take the bus to school, we must remember not to board or alight the bus when it is moving. This is because we may fall and injure ourselves. We must also not play while we are in the bus. When the bus breaks suddenly, we may knock our heads or fall off our seats. Lastly, riding a bicycle can be dangerous too. We must be attentive on the road and never cycle in the middle of the road. We must obey the traffic rules and make sure that our bicycle is in good condition with brakes and lights that function. These are some of the things we can do to avoid accidents. However, it is important that we stay alert at all the time while using the roads. It is better to be safe than sorry.

Whereas Pedestrian Crossing Dash Prevent Injure Board Alight Obey PRACTICE 1 Avoid from

- while - person walking - a place to cross - run across fast - to stop - hurt - get on - get off - follow - to keep away or escape

You have attended a talk on Healthy Lifestyle. Your teacher has asked you to write an article for your school magazine. Use the pictures and notes below to help you.

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Everyday at least twice

Balance diet is important

Exercise regularly

Sleep well - 6 - 8 hours

When writing the article : useall the notes given. elaborate on the notes give a suitable title make sure it is not less than 120 words

ANSWER Healthy Lifestyle

It is very important for us to stay healthy so that we can have a long life. There are many ways for us to stay healthy. First of all, we need to practice good personal hygiene. We need to bathe regularly. Since we live in a hot and humid country, we need to bathe at least two or
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three times a day to maintain our cleanliness. By bathing regularly, we can get rid of germs and dust from our body and feel fresh instead. Next, we have to eat a balanced diet. We should include food that contains proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals in our diet. A balanced diet will ensure that our body gets the right proportion of nutrients. We could use the food pyramid as a guide to help us. These nutrients can help the body fight against diseases and are important for the repair of body tissues. Besides, we also need to exercise regularly, at least three times a week. We could play games or just do simple exercises like walking or jogging. This will help us to sweat out and burn off the extra calories to keep us fit and healthy. A healthy body gives us an active mind. This would in turn help us in our studies. Last but not least, we need to get enough sleep to stay healthy. As students, it is best that we sleep eight hours every night. It will not be easy as most of us would be burning the midnight oil with PMR just around the corner. However, we should at least sleep for six hours. This will make us more alert and attentive in class Hence, we must practice all these ways to stay healthy. We can plan and carry out healthy activities with our family members and friends so that we can have fun together and maintain our health at the same time. Remember, Health is Wealth.

By: PriyaBalan Form 3A

PRACTICE 2 Using the diagram and notes below, write an article for your Nature Club newsletter .

Air Pollution

Causes

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Chemical Wastes From factories

Exhaust Fumes From cars

Open burning of rubbish

Chemical fertilizers and fertilizers And pesticide

Smoke from factories

Ways to overcome

The factories should be closed down

Those involved should be fined

Action should be taken the factory

Use unleaded petrol

Should be banned - use natural fertilizers

When writing the article : useall the notes given. elaborate on the notes give a suitable title make sure it is not less than 120 words ANSWER

Air Pollution words Pollution, especially air pollution is becoming a serious problem. Day by day, the air that we breathe is becoming dirtier and more impure. There are many causes of air pollution. Firstly, the chemical wastes from factories pollute the air with carbon dioxide and other harmful pollutants. It makes
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the air dirty. To overcome this problem, we need strict laws like closing down the factories that pollute the air. Another cause of is the exhaust fumes from cars and other vehicles. They emit poisonous gases like carbon monoxide into the atmosphere and make the air very unhealthy. To control this problem, we should start using unleaded petrol and practice car-pooling. In addition, the open burning of rubbish releases smoke and other harmful gases into the air. This results in haze which leads to serious health problems like asthma, bronchitis, lung cancer and other respiratory problems. We need to fine the people involved in open burning. Besides, our air is also polluted by chemical fertilizers and pesticides which contain poisonous chemicals. They release toxic gases into the atmosphere. These fertilizers should be banned and natural fertilizers should be used instead. Finally, smoke from factories also dirties the air. The smoke which contains polluted particles makes the air unhealthy and results in smog. Strict action like temporary closure should be taken against the factories involved. Thus, we should cooperate with the government and control air pollution to save our environment. By: Kelvin Young Form 3

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RECOUNTS

It is an account of something youhave experienced. What is a recount?

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General guideline

1. Read and understand the notes and instructions carefully before you begin. 2. Study the picture / pictures carefully. 3. Ask yourself WH questions to help you; Where is the place? Who are the people? What are they doing? What happened? / What is happening? When it is? (time)

4. For picture series, try to connect the ideas from one picture to the next. 5. Write down the words and ideas beside each picture. 6. Organize your ideas. Use linking words such as After that, Later. Write in 3 to 4 short paragraphs. 7. Elaborate each idea by adding interesting details. 8. Think about the conclusion. What happened in the end? 9. Try to have some moral values or lesson learnt from the story. 10. Keep the same tense. We usually use past tense to tell story or describe something that happened. 11. Give your story a suitable title. 12. Read through your composition. Check for mistake, especially in spelling, punctuation and grammar.

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QUESTION 1

Your family spent a three-day holiday at Fajar Hill Resort. Using the advertisement below as a guide, write a recount on how you spent your holiday there.

FAJAR HILL RESORT


Hill resort Accommodation apartments Cool weather Activities jungle trekking, swimming or fishing in highland streams, picnic at waterfall
A relaxing place for family and friends. Come to Bukit Permata in Pahang to have a restful time away from the

When writing a recount: You may use all the notes Elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting Add any other relevant information Make sure it is not less than 120 words

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SAMPLE ANSWER

During the last school holidays, my family and I spent three days at Fajar Hill resort. We reached the hill resort at about 12 noon on Friday. We ate lunch at the restaurant in the resort and then checked into a small but comfortable apartment. First, we unpacked. Next, we went for a walk. There was a flower garden and a vegetable farm nearby that we visited. We returned to the chalet in the evening. We had our baths and then had a buffet dinner in the resort restaurant. Finally, we went to bed early for we had planned to go jungle trekking the next day. Next morning, we had breakfast at the resort restaurant. Then we prepared a picnic lunch and went on our trek. I was very excited about the trek. We had a wonderful time looking out for wild animals and plants. We saw a lot of orchids and pitcher plants but not many wild animals, except for some birds and garden lizards. We picnicked by a stream. Father tried his hand at fishing and caught some fish. That night we ate the fish for dinner in the apartment. The next day we left the resort after breakfast. I really enjoyed myself at Fajar Hill. I hope we will go there again soon.

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QUESTION 2

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When writing your recount: You may use all the notes Elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting Add any other relevant information Make sure it is not less than 120 words

SAMPLE ANSWER

Last month, we visited my mothers friend, Aunt Mary who lived in an old bungalow not very far from our home. Her house was on top of a hill and had a big garden with a lot of flowering plants and huge trees. Nearby was the jungle and the whole area was quiet and peaceful. That evening, we were having tea in the garden. It was breezy and refreshing. While my mother and Aunt Mary were chatting, I was admiring the bushes and the trees near the jungle. Unexpectedly, I saw something strange. It looked like a long, thick brown and black branch on a tree trunk but it was moving! I pointed it out to Aunt Mary. She looked at it and said, Thats a python! When I heard this, I was terrified. I jumped up from my chair, and so did the rest of the tea party. Aunt Mary went into the house to call the fire brigade. In a short while, some firemen arrived. Using a long pole and a net, they managed to catch the python and put it in a bag. You are lucky, said one of the firemen. This python had just eaten something and that is why it could not escape. Then the fireman left, taking the python with them. It was a frightening experience for me. Before this, I had only seen pythons in the zoo. I hope I never see a live python near me again.

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Reports
I wonder what a report is ? Reports are compositions that give information. You usually write a report for someone in authority, for example a teacher or a principal. We also write reports for the police if we witness an accident or a crime.

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General guideline

13. Read and understand the notes and instructions carefully before you begin. 14. Study the picture / pictures carefully. 15. Ask yourself WH questions to help you; Where is the place? Who are the people? What are they doing? What happened? / what is happening? When it is? (time)

16. For picture series, try to connect the ideas from one picture to the next. 17. Write down the words and ideas beside each picture. 18. Organize your ideas. Use linking words such as After that, Later. Write in 3 to 4 short paragraphs. 19. Elaborate each idea by adding interesting details. 20. Think about the conclusion. What happened in the end? 21. Try to have some moral values or lesson learnt from the story. 22. Keep the same tense. We usually use past tense to tell story or describe something that happened. 23. Give your story a suitable title. 24. Read through your composition. Check for mistake, especially in spelling, punctuation and grammar.

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QUESTION 1

You witnessed an accident in the science laboratory and have been asked to write a report to your principal. Using the notes below, explain the events leading to the accident, the accident itself and the outcome.

Doing an experiment-Science laboratory-student-Soh Chin Mun-accidently used a wrong chemical in the mixture caused a minor explosion- test tubes- brokenon the laboratory table- window next to it- none of the students hurt- students To: involved- cuts and bruises- mainly when he fell- sent to hospital- given treatment The Principal by doctor SekolahMenengah Seri Andalas Klang, Selangor. SAMPLE ANSWER Date: 12 May 2010

A report on a Laboratory Accident in Form 3K

At 8.30 a.m. on Monday, 12 May 2010, my class was in the Science laboratory. We were carrying out an experiment using chemicals. Our Science teacher, Mr. Devadas, was with us. He had shown us how to do the experiments and told us what chemicals to take and use. He also told us the measurements of the various chemicals that we should use. Then after he had shown us how to carry out the experiment, he also told us to do the same experiment with a partner. My partner was Soh Chin Mun. Soh told me that he knew how to conduct the experiment and proceeded to do it. Suddenly, there was an explosion. One of the chemicals that Soh had put in the text tube was incorrect. The explosion was loud; but luckily for us, it did not cause a fire. However, the test tubes on our table were all broken and so was the window next to our table. Mr. Devadas quickly came and calmed everyone down. Soh had some cuts and bruises on his hands when he fell down but fortunately nobody else was injured. A few minutes later, Mr. Ramli, our class teacher came to send Soh to the hospital. I accompanied them to the hospital. Soh was given an outpatient treatment by a doctor there. Then we went back to our school.
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QUESTION 2 You work as a junior reporter for the Malaysian Reader, a small newspaper based in Pulau Pinang. Using the notes below, write a report on the recipients of the Student of the Year Award, organized by the local government. Wednesday- City Hall Building- Student of the Year award ceremony Two students outstanding performance academic and co-curricular activities Sarah Muniandy fifteen-year-old- eight As- PMR Muhammad Amin eighteen-year-old- twelve As SPM Both excel in co-curricular activities Active members of Green Earth Society- save the environment- many other clubs and societies

When writing your report: You may use all the notes Elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting Add any other relevant information Make sure it is not less than 120 words

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George Town: Two students received the prestigious Student of the Year award today. The award was handed over by the Chief Minister of Pulau Pinang, DatoKhoo SAMPLE ANSWER Chong Teng. The ceremony took place at the City Hall Building today at 10 a.m.

The students were fifteen-year-old Sarah Muniandy from SekolahMenengah Taman Pelangi and eighteen-year-old Muhammad Amin from SekolahMenengah Agama Al-Irsyad. Both students excelled in their academic performance. Sarah obtained eight As in the recent PMR examination while Muhammad obtained twelve As in the recent SPM examination. Sarah and Muhammad were also chosen for their outstanding performance in co-curricular activities.

Sarah Muniandy is the Captain of the States Under-16 hockey team as well as an active member of the Green Earth Society, an environment movement that she and Muhammad started. Together the students have managed to help clean up the notorious Sungai Pinang area and planted trees along its banks.

Muhammad Amin, a form six student at Al-Irsyad, is also its Sorts Captain< President of the Interact Club and twice champion of the Interschool National Public 92 Speaking Competition. Like Sarah, he is also actively concerned about the deteriorating environment and has been involved in numerous Green Earth Society activities to help clean the states polluted rivers.

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INFORMAL LETTERS GUIDELINES Greeting / salutation

Dear - is most often used. You can use it for everyone, from your mother to a new pen - pal. My dear .. - is used if you have a close relationship with someone, like your family or best friend. Dearest and my dearest .. - are usually used only for people you love.

Opening Remarks
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How are you? I hope you are fine. What a surprise to hear from you. I received your letter yesterday / a few days ago How are you? I am sorry I couldnt write earlier.

Closing Remarks

That will be for now. I hope to hear from you soon. Please send my warmest regards to your family. Do write soon. I shall write again when I have time.

Dear Janet,

THE FORMAT It was a pleasant surprise hearing from you. ______________________

___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 1 173,JalanKeladi, ___________________________________________________________________ Taman Petani, ___________________________________________________________________ Senders Address 08000 Sungai Petani, 3 ___________________________________________________________________ Kedah DarulAman. ___________________________________________________________________ Salutation/Greeting ___________________________________________________________________ 2 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 24 May 2010. Date ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ __________ Please reply as soon as possible. Until then, goodbye and take care 95

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4 Opening Remarks

Closing Remarks Ending & Signature

Your friend, Vivian

Sample 1 You have lost a book that you borrowed from a friend. Write a letter to your friend telling her about this matter.
Model Answer
1

9,JalanBaru, Kg.PandanBaru. 56100 Kuala Lumpur 11 September 2011

Dear Lily,

3 4

I hope this letter finds you family in good health. We are all well here. Before anything else, I am truly sorry for this late reply. I was really busy preparing for the PMR trial examination. Now I am preparing for the PMR examination itself. I am sure that you are doing this as well.

Opening remarks

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Lily, I have a confession1 to make. Do you remember I borrowed a few books from you the last time I come to your house? Well, I have read all those books and would like to return them to you. Unfortunately one of the books entitled Mr. Midnight Twentieth series is missing. I seemed to have misplaced the book somewhere. I have been searching for the book for quite some time now, but still could not manage to find it. Im truly sorry. I know how much you value your collection of story books. I will try to get the exact book from any of the book stores. It may take some times as the examination is just around the corner. I hope you will be patient. I will be coming around to your house when the examination is over to return all your books. I hope you will accept my apologies. Study hard and all the best for the PMR examinations. Till I hear from you again. Take care.

5
Content Paragraphs

conclusion

Yours sincerely, Melisa

CHECK LIST 1.Senders address 4. opening remarks 7. Ending & signature 2. Date 5. Content 3.salutation 6.conclusion

Sample 2

You have gone an expedition organized by the Geography Club in your school. Write a letter to your friend telling about your experiences during the expedition. Your letter should not be lessthan 120 words. Use the notes below to help you.

expedition - Geography Club - GunungLedang - board bus - arrived noon - 3 trainers - waiting - queued up - listen - briefing - hiking - up hill - thick forest - river - rope free - tied - bathing - waterfall - cooling beautiful - trekking - compass and map - sport - allocated photographs
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________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ____________ _____________________

Dear ________________________,

Hope that you are well with your family. I am well here. The reason I am writing this letter is to tell you ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ __________________ The expedition was organized________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________
5

We left the school by bus__________________________________

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________


We hiked across the thick forest and _____________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ The activity that we enjoyed the most was bathing at the waterfall ___. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ___________________________ The last activity was trekking _______________________________ ______________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ I cannot forget ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 6 ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________

7 Yours sincerely, _____________________

ANSWER- Sample 2 19, JalanDesaTasik, Taman TasikPerdana , 43700 Selayang , Selangor. 20 FEBRUARY 2011

Dear Steven,

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Hope that you are well with your family. I am well here. The reason I am writing this letter is to tell you about my experience during an expedition1 that I went to last week. The expedition was organized by the Geography Club of my school and we went to GunungLedang. We boarded the bus at 8.00 in the morning and arrived there at 12.00 noon. When we arrived there, we saw three trainers waiting for us. We queued up and listened to the briefing2 given by one of the trainers. We were separated into groups. A short while later we started hiking up the hill. We hiked across the thick forest in high spirits. We came to river. We crossed the river using a rope which was tied to trees at either end of the river. The activity which we enjoyed the most was bathing at the waterfall. It was very cooling and the scenery was breathtakingly beautiful. The last activity was trekking. Each group was given a compass and a map. We were supposed to use them to locate the place allocated3 to us. It was a very challenging activity. I cannot forget the experiences I had during the expedition. I have taken a lot of photographs. I will show them to you when you come here. Well, thats all for now. Do reply soon.
Yours sincerely, Collin

1. Expedition organized trip 2. Briefing detailed instruction 3. Allocated assigned to / given

Practice 1

Your friend did very well in the PMR trial examination in his school. Expand the notes below and write a letter congratulating him on his success. Your letter should not be less than 120 words. Reason - congratulate - mutual friend - top scorer - PMR trial examination - school deserve - preparing - examination - sacrifices favourite television programmers - outdoor games - computer games sacrifices - rewarded - residential school - competitions among classmates - student - other classes - proud - achievement - 100 continue - momentum - PMR examination - do well - good - result

PPD KMY - ENGLISH MODULE 2012 PMR CEMERLANG GUIDED WRITING

Practice 2 Your family and you are planning to go camping for the coming first term holidays. You have browsed the internet and found a suitable campsite. Write a letter to your brother and invite him and his family to join you. Use the notes below to write the letter.

1. Campsite -

clean safe peaceful

3. Facilities -

toilet shower room

- swimming pools

2. Location -

near a village minute trishaw ride Seven Eleven board games

4. Activities - swimming trekking skating

Sample answer 1

3, JalanSiantan 2, Taman Kempas, 81200 Tampoi Johor. 12 September 2011


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Dear Adam, How are you getting along? Hope that you are fine with your loved ones. As for me, I am fine here. The reason I am writing this letter is to congratulate you. I have heard from mutual friends that you the top scorer in the recent PMR trial examination carried out at your school.

I know that you really deserve this because I know you are hardworking, as I have seen the way you had been preparing for the examination. You havemade a lot sacrifices by giving up your favourite television programmes, football and most of allkeeping away from computer games. This I know for sure as it has beenages since you played on-line games with me and other friends. Well, your sacrifices are well rewarded.
As you are studying in a residential school, I am sure that there were a lot of competitions among your classmates and students from other classes. I am so proud of your achievement. You must continue this momentum and do well in the PMR examination which is not far away. I know you will do well and get equally good results or even better results. Till I hear from you again. Take care and all the best for the upcoming examination.

Yours sincerely, Rahman

Sample answer 2 SweeLan, No. 10, Taman Timur, 25300 Kuantan, Pahang. 18 March 2012 Dear brother, How are you and your family? I hope all of you are as fit as a fiddle. I am fine with parents here. Brother, we are planning a camping trip for the
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coming school holidays. Mum and dad want you and your family to join us for this annual family gathering. I surfed the Internet and have found a suitable campsite for all of us to enjoy ourselves. We will be camping at the Coral Beach in Kuantan. The camping site is clean so I think we will be more relaxed in a clean place. This camping site is surrounded by trees and it is shady. We do not have to be scared of being sun burnt. Moreover, the camping site is peaceful. You can only hear the sound of waves lapping the shore. You will also feel safe here because there are guards and police patrolling this campsite. The best attraction of all this place has a breathtaking scenery of the sunset, you will find this an amazing place to camp. This campsite is located near a village. So, if we run out of provisions, we can go to the village to get things with only a 10 minute trishaw ride. To make things easier, there is a 7-eleven nearby. We can also purchase our things there. Brother, there are also many facilities provided at the campsite. We do not need to worry about toilets and shower rooms because these facilities are provided for the convenience of the campers. There are three swimming pools for the campers if they want to swim. It caters for adults and children. We can organize many activities at the campsite. Moreover, it had been a very long time since we went out together during the school holidays. We can also swim in the sea as the water is crystal-clear, cool and refreshing. There is also another enjoyable activity, which you love, that is jungle-trekking. We can see many fauna and flora in the nature park not far from the campsite. As a wildlife lover, I am sure you can recognize the flora and fauna there. As for my little nieces and nephews, there is a skating ring for them to have fun and enjoy. They can also rent the skating shoes for a very reasonable price. Besides, the campsite also provides various board games such as scrabble, carom, chess, snakes and ladders and monopoly. I am sure both adults and children would enjoy the games.

I think I will pen off now. I hope that you will think about this invitation and discuss it with your family. Moreover, its our parents wedding anniversary. It would be fun as it has been a long time since we had a family gathering. I hope to get a positive answer from you. Before I forget, mum and dad send their regards to all of you. I m enclosing some pictures of the Coral Beach that I printed out from the internet. Take care and reply soon. Your loving sister, Susan

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