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Article I GENERAL PROVISIONS

[Rules 101-103] Rule 101 ARTICLE I. General Provisions Rule 102 Rule 103

Federal Rule Florida

Rule 101 Scope 90.103 Differs from F.R.E. 101; adapted to state practice

Rule 102 Purpose and Construction 90.102 Different rule on construction of Fla. Evidence Code

Rule 103 Rulings on Evidence 90.104 Similar to F.R.E. 103; subd. (b) deleted; rewords, renumbers, and changes sections

[Standard 107] Standard 107 Federal Rule n84 Standard 107 Summing Up and Comment by Judge 90.106 Different rule; forbids judicial comment on evidence

Florida

[Rules 104-106] Rule 104 Federal Rule Rule 104 Preliminary Questions Rule 105 Rule 105 Limited Admissibility Rule 106 Rule 106 Remainder of or Related Writings or Recorded Statements 90.108 Similar to F.R.E. 106 n54

Florida

90.105 Similar material to F.R.E. 104 n53

90.107 Similar to F.R.E. 105

Article II JUDICIAL NOTICE


[Rule 201] Rule 201 ARTICLE II. Judicial Notice

Federal Rule

Rule 201 Judicial Notice of Adjudicative Facts 201 90.201-90.207 Differs from F.R.E. 201

Florida

Article III PRESUMPTIONS


[Rule 301 - Standard 303] Rule 301 ARTICLE III. Presumptions in Civil Actions and Proceedings Florida 90.301, 90.302, 90.303, No comparable rule 90.304 F.R.E. 301 modified and applicable only in civil actions or proceedings No comparable rule Rule 302 Standard 303

Article IV RELEVANCY AND ITS LIMITS


[Rules 401-403]

Rule 401 ARTICLE IV. Relevancy and Its Limits Florida 90.401 Similar to F.R.E. 401

Rule 402

Rule 403

90.402 Similar to F.R.E. 402, without second sentence

90.403 Similar to F.R.E. 403

[Rules 404-406] Rule 404 Federal Rule Rule 405 Rule 406 Rule 406 Habit; Routine Practice

Rule 404 Rule 405 Character Evidence Not Methods of Proving Admissible to Prove Character Conduct; Exceptions Other Crimes 90.404 Differs from F.R.E. 404 n15 90.405 Similar to F.R.E. 405 except omits opinion testimony

Florida

90.406 Similar to F.R.E. 406 but deals only with routine practice of an organization, not personal habits

[Rules 407-409] Rule 407 Federal Rule Rule 407 Subsequent Remedial Measures 90.407 Similar to F.R.E. 407 n64 Rule 408 Rule 409

Rule 408 Rule 409 Compromise and Offers to Payment of Medical and Compromise Similar Expenses 90.408 Similar to F.R.E. 408 90.409 Substantively identical to F.R.E. 409

Florida

[Rules 410-412] Rule 410 Federal Rule Rule 410 Inadmissibility of pleas, Plea Discussions, and Related Statements Rule 411 Rule 411 Liability Insurance Rule 412 Rule 412 Sex Offense Cases; Relevance of Alleged Victim's Past Sexual Behavior or Alleged Sexual Predisposition

Florida

90.410 No comparable rule Similar to F.R.E. 410 n115

No comparable rule See Fla. Stat. Ann. 794.022 (West 1976 & Supp. 1986)

[Rules 413-415] Rule 413 Federal Rule Rule 414 Rule 415

Rule 413 Rule 414 Rule 415 Evidence of Similar Crimes Evidence of Similar Crimes Evidence of Similar Acts in in Sexual Assault Cases in Child Molestation Cases Civil Cases Concerning Sexual Assault or Child Molestation No comparable rule No comparable rule No comparable rule

Florida

Article V PRIVILEGES
[Rule 501 - Standard 503] Rule 501 ARTICLE V. Privileges Rule 502 Standard 502 Standard 503

Federal Rule

Rule 501 General Rule

Rule 502 Attorney-Client Privilege and Work Product; Limitations on Waiver No comparable rule

Standard 502 Standard 503 Required Reports Lawyer-Client Privileged by Statute Privilege

Florida

90.501 Differs from F.R.E. 501; conforms to state practice

No comparable rule

90.502, 90.503 90.502 similar to Standard 503 n3

[Standards 504-506] Standard 504 Federal Rule Standard 504 Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege Standard 505 Standard 505 Husband-Wife Privilege Standard 506 Standard 506 Communications to Clergyman

Florida

90.503 Different rule n12

90.504 Different rule n13

90.505 Similar to Standard 506; with minor rewording

[Standards 507-509] Standard 507 Federal Rule Standard 507 Political Vote No comparable rule Standard 508 Standard 508 Trade Secrets 90.506 Similar to Standard 508 Standard 509 Standard 509 Secrets of State and Other Official Information No comparable rule

Florida

[Standards 510-512] Standard 510 Federal Rule Standard 510 Identity of Informer Standard 511 Standard 511 Waiver of Privilege by Voluntary Disclosure Standard 512 Standard 512 Privileged Matter Disclosed Under Compulsion or Without Opportunity to Claim Privilege 90.508 Substantively identical to Standard 512

Florida

No comparable rule

90.507 Similar to Standard 511

[Standard 513] Standard 513 Federal Rule Standard 513 Comment upon or Inference from Claim of Privilege; Instruction No comparable rule

Florida

Article VI WITNESSES
[Rules 601-603] Rule 601 ARTICLE VI. Witnesses Rule 602 Rule 603

Federal Rule

Rule 601 General Rule of Competency

Rule 602 Lack of Personal Knowledge

Rule 603 Oath or Affirmation

Florida

90.601 90.604 Substantively identical to Similar to F.R.E. 602 first sentence of F.R.E. 601 90.603 "Disqualification of witness"

90.605 Similar to F.R.E. 603; adds form of declaration and exempts children from oath

[Rules 604-606] Rule 604 Federal Rule Rule 604 Interpreters 90.606 Similar to F.R.E. 604 n18 Rule 605 Rule 605 Competency of Judge as Witness 90.607(1) Subd. (a) similar to F.R.E. 605; adds exception in subd. (b) Rule 606 Rule 606 Competency of Juror as Witness 90.607(2) Similar to F.R.E. 606

Florida

[Rules 607-609] Rule 607 Federal Rule Rule 607 Who May Impeach Rule 608 Rule 608 Evidence of Character and Conduct of Witness Rule 609 Rule 609 Impeachment by Evidence of Conviction of Crime

Florida

90.608 Similar to F.R.E. 607; adds list of impeachment methods

90.609 Similar to F.R.E. 608(a); no provision for opinion evidence; omits subd. (b) and last sentence

90.610 Similar to F.R.E. 609(a), and (e); includes conviction subject to a pardon; juvenile adjudications inadmissible

[Rules 610-612] Rule 610 Federal Rule Rule 610 Religious Beliefs or Opinions 90.611 Substantively identical to F.R.E. 610 Rule 611 Rule 611 Mode and Order of Interrogation and Presentation 90.612 Similar to F.R.E. 611 Rule 612 Rule 612 Writing Used to Refresh Memory 90.613 Similar to F.R.E. 612

Florida

[Rules 613-615] Rule 613 Federal Rule Rule 613 Prior Statements of Witnesses 90.614 Subd. (1) opposite view to F.R.E. 613(a) n100 Rule 614 Rule 614 Calling and Interrogation of Witnesses by Court Rule 615 Rule 615 Exclusion of Witnesses

Florida

90.615 90.616 Similar to F.R.E. 614; no Similar to F.R.E. 615 n101 equiv. to subd. (c) of F.R.E.

Article VII OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY


[Rules 701-703] Rule 701 ARTICLE VII. Opinions and Expert Testimony Rule 702 Rule 703

______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ____

Federal Rule

Rule 701 Rule 702 Opinion Testimony by Lay Testimony by Experts Witnesses 90.701 Differs from F.R.E. 701 90.702 Differs from F.R.E. 702 n18

Rule 703 Bases of Opinion Testimony by Experts 90.704 Differs from F.R.E. 703 n19

Florida

[Rules 704-706] Rule 704 Federal Rule Rule 704 Opinion on Ultimate Issue 90.703 Similar to F.R.E. 704(a); omits subd. (b) Rule 705 Rule 706

Rule 705 Rule 706 Disclosure of Facts or Data Court Appointed Experts Underlying Expert Opinion 90.705 No comparable rule Similar to F.R.E. 705; adds subd. (2) 90.706 Use of literature in crossexamination

Florida

Article VIII HEARSAY


[Rules 801-803] Rule 801 ARTICLE VIII. Hearsay Rule 802 Rule 803

Federal Rule

Rule 801 Definitions

Rule 802 Hearsay Rule

Rule 803 Hearsay Exceptions; Availability of Declarant Immaterial n1 90.803

Florida

90.801 Identical to F.R.E. 801(a), (b), and (c) n4

90.802 Different rule, but similar in content

[Rules 8031-8033] Rule 803(1) Federal Rule Rule 803(1) Present sense impression Rule 803(2) Rule 803(2) Excited utterance Rule 803(3) Rule 803(3) Then existing mental, emotional or physical condition

Florida

90.803(1) Similar to F.R.E. 803(1), entitled "Spontaneous statement"; exception inapplicable if circumstances indicate untrustworthiness

90.803(2) 90.803(3) Similar to F.R.E. 803(2); Similar to F.R.E. 803(3) in adds "or excited utterance" substance; exception inappllicable if circumstances indicate untrustworthiness

[Rules 8034-8036] Rule 803(4) Federal Rule Rule 803(5) Rule 803(6) Rule 803(6) Records of regularly conducted activity 90.803(6) Similar to F.R.E. 803(6) n35

Rule 803(4) Rule 803(5) Statements for purposes of Recorded recollection medical diagnosis or treatment 90.803(4) Similar to F.R.E. 803(4); with minor additions 90.803(5) Similar to F.R.E. 803(5); deletes "or adopted" and slightly reworded

Florida

[Rules 8037-8039] Rule 803(7) Federal Rule Rule 803(8) Rule 803(9) Rule 803(9) Records of vital statistics

Rule 803(7) Rule 803(8) Absence of entry in records Public records and reports kept in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (6) 90.803(7) Similar to F.R.E. 803(7); slightly reworded 90.803(8) Similar to F.R.E. 803(8); omits subd. (C); adds final sentence

Florida

90.803(9) Similar to F.R.E. 803(9); adds a sentence

[Rules 80310-80312] Rule 803(10) Federal Rule Rule 803(10) Absence of public record or entry 90.803(10) Similar to F.R.E. 803(10) Rule 803(11) Rule 803(11) Records of religious organizations 90.803(11) Similar to F.R.E. 803(11); replaces "legitimacy" with "parentage" Rule 803(14) Rule 803(12) Rule 803(12) Marriage, baptismal and similar certificates 90.803(12) Similar to F.R.E. 803(12)

Florida

[Rules 80313-80315] Rule 803(13) Rule 803(15)

Federal Rule

Rule 803(13) Family records

Rule 803(14) Records of documents affecting an interest in property 90.803(14) Similar to F.R.E. 803(14); includes filed documents

Rule 803(15) Statements in documents affecting an interest in property 90.803(15) Identical to F.R.E. 803(15)

Florida

90.803(13) Similar to F.R.E. 803(13)

[Rules 80316-80318] Rule 803(16) Federal Rule Rule 803(16) Statements in ancient documents Rule 803(17) Rule 803(18)

Rule 803(17) Rule 803(18) Market reports, commercial Learned treatises publications No comparable rule 90.803(18) is similar to F.R.E. 801(d)(2)

Florida

90.803(16) 90.803(17) Identical to F.R.E. 803(16) Similar to F.R.E. 803(17); adds phrase making admissibility discretionary with the court

[Rules 80319-80321] Rule 803(19) Federal Rule Rule 803(19) Reputation concerning personal or family history 90.803(19) Similar to F.R.E. 803(19); omits legitimacy Rule 803(20) Rule 803(20) Reputation concerning boundaries or general history 90.803(20) Similar to F.R.E. 803(20); slightly reworded Rule 803(21) Rule 803(21) Reputation as to character

Florida

90.803(21) Substantively identical to F.R.E. 803(21)

[Rules 80322-80324] Rule 803(22) Federal Rule Rule 803(22) Judgment of previous conviction No comparable rule 90.803(22) concerns former testimony in civil trials Rule 803(23) Rule 803(23) Judgment as to personal, family or general history, or boundaries No comparable rule 90.803(23) concerns statements of child victims of sexual offenses Rule 803(24)/807 Rule 803(24) Other exceptions Transferred to Rule 807 See column for F.R.E. 807 90.803(24) concerns statements of elderly or disabled persons

Florida

[Rules 804-804b1] Rule 804 Federal Rule Rule 804 Hearsay Exceptions; Declarant Unavailable 90.804 Rule 804(a) Rule 804(b)(1)

Rule 804(a) Rule 804(b)(1) Definition of unavailability Hearsay Exceptions (1) Former testimony 90.804(1) Similar to F.R.E. 804(a) 90.804(2)(a) Identical to F.R.E. 804(b) (1); see also 90.(22)

Florida

[Rules 804b2-804b4] Rule 804(b)(2) Federal Rule Rule 804(b)(2) Statement under belief of impending death Rule 804(b)(3) Rule 804(b)(3) Statement against interest Rule 804(b)(4) Rule 804(b)(4) Statement of personal or family history

Florida

804(2)(b) 804(2)(c) 804(2)(d) Similar to F.R.E. 804(b)(2); Similar to F.R.E. 804(b)(3) Similar to F.R.E. 804(b)(4); applies to all criminal deletes subd. (B) prosecutions

[Rules 804b5-805] Rule 804(b)(5)/807 Federal Rule Rule 804(b)(5) Other Exceptions Transferred to Rule 807 See column for F.R.E. 807 Rule 804(b)(6) Rule 804(b)(6) Forfeiture by Wrongdoing No comparable rule Rule 805 Rule 805 Hearsay within Hearsay 90.805 Similar to F.R.E. 805; adapted to state practice

Florida

[Rules 806-807] Rule 806 Rule 807

Federal Rule

Rule 806 Attacking and Supporting Credibility of Declarant 90.806 Similar to F.R.E. 806; omits reference to rule 801(d)

Rule 807 Residual Exception No comparable rule

Florida

Article IX AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION


[Rules 901-903] Rule 901 ARTICLE IX. Authentication and Identification Federal Rule Rule 901 Requirement of Authentication or Identification 90.901 Similar to F.R.E. 901 n11 Rule 902 Self-Authentication Rule 903 Subscribing Witness' Testimony Unnecessary 90.903 Similar to F.R.E. 903 n13 Rule 902 Rule 903

Florida

90.902 Similar to F.R.E. 902 n12

Article X WRITINGS, RECORDINGS AND PHOTOS


[Rules 1001-1003] Rule 1001 Rule 1002 Rule 1003

ARTICLE X. Contents of Writings, Recordings, and Photographs

Federal Rule

Rule 1001 Definitions 90.951 Similar to F.R.E. 1001; additions in subds. (1) and (4)

Rule 1002 Requirement of Original 90.952 Similar to F.R.E. 1002; slightly reworded

Rule 1003 Admissibility of Duplicates 90.953 Similar to F.R.E. 1003; adds additional exception

Florida

[Rules 1004-1006] Rule 1004 Federal Rule Rule 1004 Admissibility of Other Evidence of Contents Rule 1005 Rule 1005 Public Records Rule 1006 Rule 1006 Summaries

Florida

90.954 90.955 Similar to F.R.E. 1004 n25 Similar to F.R.E. 1005; reworded and divided into two subds.

90.956 Similar to F.R.E. 1006; adds notice requirement

[Rules 1007-1008] Rule 1007 Federal Rule Rule 1007 Testimony of Written Admission of Party Rule 1008 Rule 1008 Functions of Court and Jury

Florida

90.957 Similar to F.R.E. 1007; slightly reworded

90.958 Similar to F.R.E. 1008; reworded and reorganized

Article XI MISCELLANEOUS RULES


[Rules 1101-1103] Rule 1101 ARTICLE XI. Miscellaneous Rules Rule 1102 Rule 1103

Federal Rule

Rule 1101 Applicability of Rules

Rule 1102 Amendments

Rule 1103 Title

Florida

90.103 Incorporated in "Scope" section; different rule

No comparable rule

90.101 Similar to F.R.E. 1103; adapted to state practice