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CHINESE ART AND CULTURE: Chinese Painting sessions

Rosenzweig, Fall, 2006

A. Development of Calligraphy and Painting:

1. Gu Kaizhr (Ku K’ai-chih)

2. Wang Xizhr (Wang Hsi-chih)

B. Six Principles (Xie He, GU HUA PIN LU, “Old Record of the Classification of
Painters”), c. 490 a.d.

Six Principles (LIU FA) (Elements, Canons, Laws, Methods)

1. spirit resonance/rhythmic vitality/spirit consonance (“Ch’i”)

2. vigorous and masterly line work/bone configuration/inner strength

3. recall the object painted/correspond to the object

4. apply appropriate colors/color suitably according to type

5. composition/division and planning

6. transmission and conveying/transmit by copying/transmitting and transferring

(BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN WHAT 1. AND 6. MEAN)

C. Contrasting Approaches and Major Terms

1. Literati/unorthodox/eccentricity/amateur/individualist/spontaneous/detach
ment/untrammelled/splashed ink/Southern School/merchant
patrons/unemployed/plainness/naturalness/antique feeling/private

3. Orthodox/academic/professional/court/conformity/formalist/establishment
/Painting Academy/Northern School/”seek to reinforce validity of
accepted truths”/”buttressed by established values”/ostentatious/public