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JAPANESE ART AND CULTURE TERMS AND WORKS FOR DISCUSSION

Heian Period 794-1185

A. Characteristics –

1. new writing system

Hiragana. Onnade. (Otokode) Wayo calligraphy.

2. court culture.

3. cultural efflorescence

No, tea, poetry (waka), painting, flower arrangement

4. Fujiwara family dominance

5. Terms: yugen, miyabi, aware, mono no aware

B. Heian-kyo

1. 794-1868. Enthronements.

2. Prototypes: Ch’ang-an (Xian, Sian), Kyongju. Grid plan.

3. Katsura and Kamo rivers. Wall: Rajo, south gate = rajo-mon (Rashomon)

C. Works of Literature and Art

1. Hoodo (Phoenix Hall), Byodo-in, Uji, shinden style

1052 dedication; 1053, Jocho’s “Amida”, yosegi technique

Pure Land Buddhism; Amidism. Nembutsu, Raigo theme. Genshin: Amida/hells.

2. Genji Monogatari (Tales of [Prince] Genji), by Lady Murasaki Shikibu

Book: 1008. 54 chapters. Kanbun style writing.

Painting characteristics: Yamato-e. E-makimono. Monogatari-e.


Fukinuki-yatei (compositon). Tsukuri-e (style of painting). Hikime-kagiban (human
features depiction; “slit-eyes, hook nose”)