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7thNGSS

MSLS1FromMoleculestoOrganisms:StructuresandProcesses MSLS16. Constructascientificexplanationbasedonevidencefortheroleof photosynthesisinthecyclingofmatterandflowofenergyintoandoutof organisms. MSLS17. Developamodeltodescribehowfoodisrearrangedthroughchemicalreactions formingnewmoleculesthatsupportgrowthand/orreleaseenergyasthismatter movesthroughanorganism. MSLS2Ecosystems:Interactions,Energy,andDynamics Analyzeandinterpretdatatoprovideevidencefortheeffectsofresource availabilityonorganismsandpopulationsoforganismsinanecosystem. Constructanexplanationthatpredictspatternsofinteractionsamongorganisms acrossmultipleecosystems. Developamodeltodescribethecyclingofmatterandflowofenergyamongliving andnonlivingpartsofanecosystem. Constructanargumentsupportedbyempiricalevidencethatchangestophysical orbiologicalcomponentsofanecosystemaffectpopulations. Evaluatecompetingdesignsolutionsformaintainingbiodiversityandecosystem services.*

MSLS21. MSLS22. MSLS23. MSLS24. MSLS25.

MSESS2EarthsSystems MSESS21. DevelopamodeltodescribethecyclingofEarthsmaterialsandtheflowof energythatdrivesthisprocess. MSESS22. Constructanexplanationbasedonevidenceforhowgeoscienceprocesseshave changedEarthssurfaceatvaryingtimeandspatialscales. MSESS23. Analyzeandinterpretdataonthedistributionoffossilsandrocks,continental shapes,andseafloorstructurestoprovideevidenceofthepastplatemotions. MSESS3EarthandHumanActivity MSESS31. Constructascientificexplanationbasedonevidenceforhowtheuneven distributionsofEarthsmineral,energy,andgroundwaterresourcesaretheresult ofpastandcurrentgeoscienceprocesses. MSESS32. Analyzeandinterpretdataonnaturalhazardstoforecastfuturecatastrophic eventsandinformthedevelopmentoftechnologiestomitigatetheireffects.

MSPS11. MSPS12.

MSPS1MatteranditsInteractions Developmodelstodescribetheatomiccompositionofsimplemoleculesand extendedstructures. Analyzeandinterpretdataonthepropertiesofsubstancesbeforeandafterthe

MSPS13. MSPS14.

MSPS15. MSPS16.

substancesinteracttodetermineifachemicalreactionhasoccurred. Gatherandmakesenseofinformationtodescribethatsyntheticmaterialscome fromnaturalresourcesandimpactsociety. Developamodelthatpredictsanddescribeschangesinparticlemotion, temperature,andstateofapuresubstancewhenthermalenergyisaddedor removed. Developanduseamodeltodescribehowthetotalnumberofatomsdoesnot changeinachemicalreactionandthusmassisconserved. Undertakeadesignprojecttoconstruct,test,andmodifyadevicethateither releasesorabsorbsthermalenergybychemicalprocesses.*

MSETS11.

MSETS12. MSETS13.

MSETS14.

MSETS1EngineeringDesign Definethecriteriaandconstraintsofadesignproblemwithsufficientprecisionto ensureasuccessfulsolution,takingintoaccountrelevantscientificprinciplesand potentialimpactsonpeopleandthenaturalenvironmentthatmaylimitpossible solutions. Evaluatecompetingdesignsolutionsusingasystematicprocesstodetermine howwelltheymeetthecriteriaandconstraintsoftheproblem. Analyzedatafromteststodeterminesimilaritiesanddifferencesamongseveral designsolutionstoidentifythebestcharacteristicsofeachthatcanbecombined intoanewsolutiontobettermeetthecriteriaforsuccess. Developamodeltogeneratedataforiterativetestingandmodificationofa proposedobject,tool,orprocesssuchthatanoptimaldesigncanbeachieved.