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A_q_dp_v\p A_oJplm^ (d)

A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

GIssZhs am{Xw Bcm[nm C_vdmlow (A) \nn IA_


]nev hn{KlfpsS tIZmcambn amdn. \qdpIWn hn{K AhnsS {]XnjvTnsp. em, D, am\m, Dkm^v, \mCe, lp_ve Chsbmw AhnSpm Bcm[nn {][m\ hn{Klfmbn. Htcm tKm{Xnw AhsSXmb {]tXyI hn{Kl. kqcys\bpw aeIsfbpw PnIsfbpw \v{Xsfbpw Bc[nnh thsdbpw. Nqw Nne {]IrXn hmZmw.! GIssZhmcm[\ AhnsS kmam\yambn A]cnNnXambn F]dbmw; Ah C_vdmloans Xmhgnmv R Fv Pnmdp#mbnsnepw! krnIsf Bcm[nXnv ]Icw {kmhns\ am{Xta Bc[nmhq Fv kanp Npw Nne hynI Aep#mbnhs{X. A_qssJkv_p\pA\kv, Jpp_vkmCZ, sskZp_v Awdv_v ss^, hdJp_v \u^ Fnh Acmcn DsSp. hcm\ncn {]hmNIs\dnNpw ]mc{XnI PohnXs kw_npw ]ccmKXamb Nne tIptIhnIfpw [mcWIfpw Ah shp]penbn. hn{Klmcm[\ shdpIbpw AXns bpnlo\Xsbdnv P\sf D]tZinIbpw sNbvXn. {]hmNIs BKa\n sXmpapv am\nhmknInSbn Pohn Ah Aes ]nXw _pnPohnIfpw kmlnXyImcmambn. GIssZhsdnpw ]ctemI PohnXs kw_npw hcm\ncn H {]hmNIs BKa\sdnpw AhsS IhnXfpw {]kwKfpw [mcmfambn. \_n(k)bpsS {]hmNIXze_v[nv apv A_q_ Acmambn Nmw ]penbn. PohnXn Hcnepw hn{Klmc[\ sN Bfbn Atlw. Fm {]XnjvTnItfbpw Atlw shdpp. AXp \nanw GIssZhhmZnIfmb ChsS kman]yhpw A`n{]bhpw A_q_ hneaXnp. kXyamns shn shfnhpambn Xs P\Xv ssZhm HhgnImn \nbp\mhpIXs sNpw Fv A_q_ ZrVambn hnizknp. sskZp_v Awdnsbpw Jpp_vkmCZbpsSbpw D]tZifpw IhnXIfpw A_q_ [mcmfambn {inp. Hcn IA_mebns `nnbn Nmcn\nv sskZv Cs\ ]mSn: ""`oamImcamb ]mdjvW hlnp\n Cu ]X GsXm inv Iogvsncnthm Ah\v Ahs icochpw Iogvsncn! ipPew s]mgn ImtaL GsXm \mY\v
| klm_namsS Ncn{Xw 2

A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

Iogvsncnthm Aham{Xw Fs icocw Iogvsncn!'' sskZns IhnXtI A_q_(d) ]dp: ""C_dmloans \mY\mW, CXv kXyam. Fnepw kwibmXoXamb H ZrVm\w e`nXnv R F{Xam{Xw s]mdpt#nhw!"" ssZhw H {]hmNIs\ \ntbmKnI. Atlw Ahv ktiw \evI. ]mc{XnI PohnXs dnv hyamb m\w e`nI. AXv kmmXvcncnsSptam? {]XotbmSp IqSn Imn Npw Nnecn Hcmfmbn A_q_ (d). abnse t_cw hI{]apJambn Atlw. IhSn\v th#n ZqcZnI kinambn. {][m\ambpw kndnb. \_n(k)bpsS \nbp Ln Atlw kndnbbnembn. \mnset]mse Xm tXSp kXysdnp hntZipshpw Xs kam\ NnmKXntcmSv Atlw kwkmcnIbpw Bibhn\nabw \SpIbpw sNpambn. ]gb thZfn ]mnXyw e`n ]e ]ptcmlnXw ]WvUnXw A_q_dn(d)s\ t]mse H {]hNIs BKa\w ASppIgnn Fv hnizknhcmbn. X {]Xon {]hmNIs BKa\w FhnsSbmbncnsa Imcynt]mepw Ahv [mcWbp#mbn. C_vdmlo(A)ansbpw CkvamCuen(A)sbpw PohnXnw XymKkqamb kw`hw kmnbmb abn Bsambn AhsS A`n{]bw!. Hcn A_q_(d) kndnbbn shv H kz]v\w I#p. BImin\nv N{ Cdnh abpsS apIfn AXv On`nambn Hmtcm IjvWhpw Hmtcm hoSpIfn sNsn. ]noSv B IjvW HpIqSn ]qkYnXn {]m]nv A_q_dn(d)s aSnbn h ho!. AXv H AK`amb kz]v\amsWv tXmnb Atlw AhnsS D#mbn `\mb H ]ptcmlnXs\ kao]np kz]v\hnhcadnbnp. kz]v\w tIp {]khZ\mb ]ptcmlnX ]dv: ""Atlns BKa\w ASpncn''. A_q_(d) tNmZnp: BsS BKa\w? \mw {]Xon {]hmNttXm? ]ptcmlnX: AtX \n Atln hnizknw. AXp \nanw ku`mKyhm\mbnoIbpw sNpw. A_q_dn(d)s kmXvYhmlIkwLw abnte Xncnp; ZoL\mfs kndnbm hmkn tijw! abpsS IhmSntev
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

A_q_dns\ FXntcm H sNdnb kwLw \S sN, A_qPlens t\XrXzn! Ah ]ckv]cw Btjnp . A`nhmZ\w \Sn. A_qPl tNmZnp: "" \ns kvt\lnXs\dnp \o hXpw ]dptItm?'' A_q_ tNmZnp: aplZp Aaos\dnmtWm tNmZnXv? A_qPl: AtX, _\qlminanse B A\mYs\dnpXs. Ah H ]pXnb hmZhpambn Cdnbncn. A_q_: AtX, Rmw tIp \psS P\fpw tIp. A_qPl: BImiv H ssZhap#v. \mw Ahs\ am{Xta Bcm[n mhq F kwtihpambn ssZhw Ahs\ \ntbmKnncnhs{X! \psS ]qnI Bcm[npt]m Cemlpamsc ssIshSnbpIbpw sNWas{X!. A_q_: ssZhw Atln Znhyt_m[\w \In Fv Atlw AhImisSpt#m? Fs\bWs{X ssZhw AtltmSv kwkmcnXv? A_qPl: lndmKplbn AtltmSv kwkmcnXv. hv Pn_nco F aemWs{X

A_q_dns hZ\w {]kambn. A\Lamb FtXm Hv FnnSnm Ign H ktmjtmsS Atlw alknp. imambn ]dp: Atlw As\ ]dsn AXv kXyw Xsbmbncnw. A_q_dns A`n{]mbw A_qPlenv H henb kvt^mS\ambm A`hsXv. hon aSn Fnb A_q_(d) \_n(k)sb tXSnbndn. JZoPbpw \_n(k)bpw honencnIbmbn. \_n(k) A_q_sd(d) kzoIcnp. Ah kwkmcamcw`np. A_q_(d) tNmZnp: P\ \nsfdnp ]dptIpXv icnbmtWm? \_n(k): FmWh ]dbpXv? A_q_(d): Amlphns\ am{Xsa Bc[nhp, Ah ]Imcn F ktihpambn ssZhw Fs \ntbmKnncn F Xm AhImisSpsh! \_n(k): AtX Fnv \n AhtcmSv Fp]dp? A_q_(d): Atlw Ans\ ]dsn AXv kXyambncnsam Rm ]dXv! \_n(k) ktmjhm\mbn A_q_dn(d)s\ Btjnp. s\nbn Npw_np. lndmKplbn
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

shp#mb kw`hw hnhcnp. {]Yaktiamb A_q_dn(d) HmXntInIbpw sNbvXp.

hN\

`b`ntbmSpIqSn {im]qw A_q_(d) hN\w {ihnp \_n(k)bpsS heXpssI Xs C ssIIfnean. Fgptp\n Atlw ]dp: Av kXykw hnizkvXamb {]hmNI\m. AivlZp Aem"Ceml Cmlv... Ans\ A_q_(d) Cvemanse Hmams ]pj AwKambno. A_qJplm^ F Hma\tcn Adnbsncp Dkvam Bbn A_q_dn(d)s ]nXmhv. AhcpsS ]cc \_n(k)bpsS ]nXmalmcn s] apdpambn _vsXmWv. kJdns ]p{Xn kabmbn amXmhv. Ahv ""Dp ssJ'' F Hma\t IqSnbp#mbn. ]nXmhv A_qJplm^ ZoLImew Pohnp. Cmans\ Atlw BZyLn shdpIbpw FXnIbpw sNbvXn. amhnPbZnhkw A_q_(d) Xs ]nXmhns\ \_n(k)bpsS kn[nbn Iqnsm#ph. sXmqdp XnI H ]Sphr\mbn Av Atlw. XmSnbpw XeapSnbpw ]mct]mse shfpn. \_n(k) Atln\v kmyhN\w sNmnsmSpp. Atlw Cmw kzoIcnp. lnPvd 14 acWsSptm Atln\v 97 hbp {]mbambn. ImgvN \vsp ]cooWnX\mbn Atlw. A_q_(d)s BKa\w CmanI {]t_m[\ns \mn dnp. hcm\ncn H almhnhns XpSw. JZoP(d)bpw Aen(d)bpw sskZp_v lmcnk(d)bpw am{Xambn Av Cmanse AwK! H kv{Xnbpw H Zcn{Z_mew H ASnabpw. A_q_(d) {]NmcWw XpSn. Dkvam_vA^v^m, kpss_, Apdm_v Hu^v, kAvZp_v A_ohJmkv, Xzlv(d) Fn {]kncmb klm_nam Cmansev hXv A_q_dn(d)s {]t_m[\ {]h\w \nanambn. A\cPohnXn A_q_(d) \_n(k)bpsS hewssIbpw D IqmfnbpambnXo. aplZpw A_q_dpw H Imcyn tbmPnp Ignm AXv XnfbmhpX Fv am\nhmknI dnbmambn. AXp\nanw A_q_dn(d)s {]t_m[\{]h
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

\n\v \ ^eap#mbn. {]kncmb ]ew Atlns hgnv Cmw kzoIcnp. Dkvam_v afvDu, A_qDss_Z, A_qka, JmenZv_v kCuZv Fns\ ]ew.! \_n(k)vv Atlw Hcnepw Iqp]ncnbm H XpWbmbn. ktmjnepw km]nepw B]Lfnepw \n`bmhbnepsams!. A_q_dn(d)s kpw icochpw \_n(k) \ntin amn kansp. \_n(k) Atlsdnv ]dbpIbp#mbn: ""\apv klmbw \Inb Hcmw \mw {]X|]Imcw \ImXnnn. A_q_dnsmgnsI. Atlw \Inb klmbns {]Xn^ew Ay\mfn AmlpXsbmWv \tI#Xv. A_q_dns kv \apv D]Imcst]mse asmcmfpsSXpw D]Icnnpan."" asmcn \_n(k) ]dp: Cmans\ apn shp sImSptm GsXmcmfpw {]YaLn H hnapJX ImWnmXnn A_q_(d) HgnsI, Atlw As\bmbnn. Hpw kwibn msX AXv kzoIcnp. Atlns Cu kz`mhw Hcn am{Xambn. ]etmgpw AXv As\bmbn. \_n(k) Fp]dbpthm Atlw AXv ASn hnizknw ho#phnNmctam kwibtam {]ISnn mdp#mbnn. Hcn \_n(k) IAv_bpsS kao]v Nnmav\mbn CcnIbmbn. A_qPl ASpp sN ]cnlmk]qw tNmZnp: Am, apltZ Cv ]pXnb hXpapt#m? \_n(k) Xe Dbn A_qPlent\mSp ]dp: ""D#v, Cse cm{Xn Rm kndnbbnse ss_p apJkntev B\bnsp''. A_qPl: t\cw ]petmtgw FpIbpw sNbvXp At? RfpsS ASpv aSn

\_n(k): AtX A_qPl H ]pXnb k`w kwtmjtmsS Xs IqpImtcmSp Blknp:

ssIh

""ktlmZcmtc, hcq, CXm aplZns ]pXnb hm!'' Ah HmSnqSn C{]mhniyw Xs AbmbnI aplZns\ ssIsbmgnbpsav Ah IWIqn. A{Xam{Xw Akw`hyamWtm ]pXnb hmZw. A_qPl IqpImv hniZoIcopsImSpp. apnwInSbn A`n{]mb hyXymkw krnm Ah InWp {ianp. H kwLw A_q_dn(d)s kao]v sN. Ah Atls hnfnp: A_q_, hfsc ApXambnp#v \ns IqpImcs ]pXnb hmZw!''
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

A_q_(d): Fm#mbXv? Ah ]dp: _pniq\yamb hmZw! Fns\ \nfnsXmsm klnw Cse cm{Xn \ns Iqpmc ss_p apJkn t]mbs{X! ]peXnv apv aSnhcnIbpw sNbvXp! CsXs \n hnizkn#tm! A_q_(d) ]dp: Atlw As\ ]dsn AXv kXyw Xsbmbncnw. H kwibhpan. R Fn\v kwibnWw? AXnep]cn F{X henb ImcyfmWv R hnizknXv. BImitemIv \nv {]`mXnepw {]tZmjnepw Atln e`n hrmw hnizknhcmWv R. AXnep]cnbpt#m CXv? A_q_(d) \_n(k)bpsS ASppsN. \_n(k) IA_bpsS ]cnkcv Xs D#mbncq. Atlw \_n(k)sb Bjntijw Cs\ ]dp: ""{]hmNItc Av kXyk\mWv Ap kXyk\mWv, ssZhw kmn'' \_n(k) ]dbp Fm Imcyfpw kwibteiat\y ASn hnizknIbpw AwKnIcnIbpw sNbvXXv \nanw Atln\v knoJv (kXyw AwKnIcnh) F _lpaXn \maw e`nIbp#mbn. ]emb\n \_n(k)bpsS IqsS t]mhm Ahkcw e`nXv A_q_dn(d)s \nkvXpeamb H ku`mKyambn. \_n(k)sb kw_nnStmfw B bm{Xbnep]cn H B]Lap#mbnntm. i{Xp HSw \_n(k)sb AIsSpmw \innw Hnb Lw! Bcp th#n ]X Kplbn Hfnncnt#nh. A_q_(d) AmsX asm XpWbp#mbnn. i{XpfpsS ]mXhn\ymkw tIp `bhnlze\mb A_q_(d) \_n(k) tbmSp tNmZn: ""\_ntb, AXm Ah \s Imw, I#m \psS IYsbmw?'' amhnSn XShn kamizknnpsIm#p \_n(k) ]dbp. ""A_q_, `bstS# \tmSw Amlphp#v'' lnPvdsb kw_nv JpB hnhcntm A_q_dn(d)s\dnv hntijnnXv \_n(k)bpsS kmln_n(klNc) Fmbn. \_n(k)bpw IqpImcw kpcnXcmbn aZo\bn Fn. A\cw \_n(k)bpsS kw`h_lpeamb PohnXn A_q_(k)
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

kXklNmcnbpw XmpwXWepambpw \nesIm#p. bpnepw knbnepw kam[m\nepsamw Ht]mse! CmanI Ncn{Xnse ASn FSpm Ignbm H A\nhmcy LSIambn A_q_dn(d)s PohnXw. \_n(k)bpw IqpImw aZo\bn H ]n \nn Xoam\np. kzX{ambn {kvmhns\ Bc[nm H tI{w! BZyambn \nn ]nbmbn AXv. "Jp_m akvPnZv'. AXns Has Iv \_n(k)bpsS ssIsIm#p m]np c#masXv A_q_dn(d)s hIbpw! ]nnSmWv \_n(k) aZo\bnse akvPnZp\_hnv XdnXv. Canse Bm\ambno {]kvXpX ]nbpsS ew \InbXv aZo\bnse c#v A\mY _memcmbn. _m tKm{Xmcmbn Ah. ]nbpsS ew \_n(k)v {]Xn^ew IqSmsX \Im\mWv Ah Xnam\nsXnepw \_n(k) AXp kzoIcnn. hnephmm\mWv \_n(k) Xnam\nXv. AXn\v A_q_(d) kzw [\w sNehgnIbpw sNbvXp. _Zvdnepw DlvZnepw A_q_dn(d)s XymKw \nkvXpeambn DlvZn apnw ssk\yw ASn]XdpIbpw \_n(k) A{IansSpIbpw sNbvXsm ncNnXtbmsS s]mXnb Npw Nnecn Hcmfmbn A_q_(d). cWmWfn \_n(k) ssk\nI t\XrXzw Gv]nmdp#mbn Atls. Atlns hnizmkhpw ]IzXbpw adnISm BwIgnambnn. lpssZ_nbm kn hyhsbdnv klm_nInSbn apdpapdpp#mbn. Da(d) t]mepw AXn Akpv\mbn. Dadn(d)s\ kamizknnvsIm#v A_q_ ]dbpXv t\m: ""\_n(k) Amlphns ZqX\m. Atlnv sXp]pIbn. AXvsIm#p \_n(k)v FXncmbn Da Hw ]dbXv. \_n(k) \apv Ftmgpw klmbnb'' Zm\n AZzXob\mbn Atlw. ac_pntbmSpIqSn Atls adnISm {ian ]ew ]cmPbsSpIbm#mbXv! tdmanse ssIk aZo\sb B{Ianm Hp F hm ]c. apkvenwI kmnIambn hfsc hnjan H Lambn AXv.
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

{]XntcmZn\v th#n XmsdSpm \_n(k)bpsS Blzm\ap#mbn. FmhtcmSpw kmnI kmlmbw Bhiysp. \_n(k)bpsS apn kw`mh\IfpsS Iqmcw! Dkvamw(d) Dadpw(d) `mcn kwJyI Xs kanp. A_q_dpw (d) ap]nbnembn. ]ew BsI kzns H hnlnXambn kannsXn A_q_(d) Xs Spw_n\v th#n _mnshXv Amlphns\bpw dkqens\bpw am{Xambn. H hnjbnepw B alm`mhs\ Ihpshm Hcmw Ignn. AKm[amb ]mnXyambn \nbZmVyhpw A]mcambn. Bw amXrIbpambn! AtlnsXv ZoLZrnbpw hn\bnepw DZmca\kvIXbnepw

\_n(k) tcmK{KkvX\mbtm \akvmcn\v t\XrXzw \Im AtlsbmWv GnXv. lnPvd HXmw hjn Ckvemanse Hmas lv \nlWn\v t\Xmhmbn \ntbmKnsXv A_q_(d) Bbn. \_n(k) h^mmbtm ]nKmansb XncsSpXns\ kw_np hfsctbsd A`n{]mbhyXymkhpw hmKzmZhpw \S. `nnns htmfsan. aplmPndpIfpw AkmcnIfpw t\XrXzn th#n AhIiapbnp. Ah _ kmCZbpsS lmfn ktfnp. A_q_(d) gsamXpm {ianp. Atlw t\XrXzw apPmlndpIfmb JpssdinIv e`nt#Xns A\nhmcyXsb dnp kwkmcnp. Fmhw AXv AwKoIcnp. ]t BcmbncnWw Jeo^? Da(d) \ntinp: AXv A_q_(d) XsbmhWw. AtlamWv AXn\l. Ans\ Xoam\nsSpIbpw sNbvXp. Jnem^v GsSp Atlw andn tIdn Hmas HutZymKnI {]kwKw \nlnp: ""Atbm P\tf, Rm \nfpsS t\Xmhmbn sXcsSpsncn. Rm \nsfm Hpw t{i\. Rm \Xv sNptm \n Fs klmbnWw. th#mXv sNbpsn \n Fs sNms \Spbpw thWw. Amlphns\bpw dkqens\bpw Rm AkcntStmfw Imew \n Fs ]n]pI. Rm Ahsc [ncnIbmsWn \n Fs Akcnt#Xpan!
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A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

ss[cynsbpw ncNnXbpsSbpw DZmlcWambn Atlns XpS {]h\. \_n(k)bpsS \ncymWs XpS Bekyn \nv apkvenw temIw hnapn t\SpXn\v apvXs Atlw Dkman(d)s t\XrXzn H ssk\ys AXnnbntev bm{XbmIbp#mbn. Cu ZuXyw \_n(k) Xs Xoam\nXmbn. AXnn{]tZifn Ckveman\v ieyambnXo tdmamssk\nItcmSv FXncnSm tIhew bphmhmb Dkmans t\XrXzn H ssk\nI kwLw! bphmhpw ASnabpsS ]p{Xamb DkmabpsS ssk\yn {]apJcmb ]e JpssdinIfpw km[mcW ssk\nIcmbn. Dkmans ssk\nI ZuXyw Xmew amnshWsav {]apJ klm_namcn ]ew A_q_dn(d)t\mSv BhniysSpIbp#msbnepw \_n(k)bpsS Xoam\w \SmXn hnphngvNv Atlw Xmdmbn. Dkmans\ Hn AbIbpw Dkmapw hnPb{ioemfnXcmbn XnphcnIbpw sNbvXp. ssk\yhpw

aplZns acWsmSpIqSn Ckvemans inbnpt]mbn Fv a\mbkap#n i{Xpv AhsS A`n{]mbw Xnm Ahkcambn Jeo^ krnXv. Xs AbmbnIfn tIhew km[mcWmw bphmhpw HcSnabpsS aIamb Dkmans\ HIpdnn \nep\nv AXns ISnm ]nSnp Dkmans apJtv Igpv s]mnnSnp Jpssdinbmb H Jeo^ bpn Ahnt# acymZIfpw kq{Xfpw D]tZin Nn{Xw H Hmpt\mq! temINcn{Xn ]cXnbm CXnv kam\amb H kw`hw Nq#nmWnhm km[ntam? \_n(k)bpsS \ncymWm\cw Ckvemant\mSv AkcWtSv ImWnbpw kImv \ntj[nIbpw sNbvX Ad_ntKm{XtfmSv Atlw kzoIcn \ne]mSv ss[cyhpw ZrVNnXbpw hnfntmXp. aX]cnXymKnsbpw i{XpXbpsSbpw ImtaLw Pkodp Ad_ns\ aqSnfp. Ckvemans\ ]cn]qambn a\m hmNm IWm AwKnIcnmXn H[nIw tKm{Xm \_n(k)bpsS hntbmKtmsS AXns\ \innm Ahkcw Imn. AkZv, KXv^m, _\qkpssew, Dkv, Dssadv, Jn^m^v, I_v, JpkmAv, _\qBan, ^nkmd, InX, _\ql\o^ Fns\ \nch[n tKm{Xm kImv \ntj[np. A_q_(d) AhsXnsc ssk\nI \S]Sn kzoIcnm Xnam\np.
| klm_namsS Ncn{Xw 10

A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

\_n(k)bpsS Imev Ckvemans\ AwKoIcnIbpw AXns\ klmbnIbpw sNbvXhcmbn {]kvXpX tKm{X. Acmambn ho#ptambphpw i{XpXbpw BImtam? ]ew kwibw {]ISnnp. Da(d) tNmZnp: ""\_n(k) ]dXv Cs\bmWsm; emCemlCmlv F hN\w AwKoIcnXvhsc kacw sNm\m FtmSv InsncnXv. AXv Ah AwKoIcnpIgnm AhsS kpw tZlhpw Fs ] kpcnXam. ap _myXI Csn ]ns \mw AhtcmSv Fns\ bpw sNpw?'' A_q_(d) ]dp: "" AmlphmWv kXyw. \akvmcsbpw kImns\bpw thXncnhtcmSv Rm bpw sNpIXs sNpw. kmv [\n\n _myXbm. \_n(k)bpsS Imev \Inbn H Ibt]mepw Ah \ntj[nm bpw sNbvXp Rm\Xv hmpIXs sNpw'' CkvemanI Ncn{Xn AXn{][m\amb ]v hln H kacw Xsbmbn ]noSv \SXv. bamabnse _\ql\o^ tKm{Xns \mbI apsskenapIm_v {]hmNIXzw hmZnIbpw Ckveans\Xnsc ]pdsSpIbpw sNbvXp. JmenZp_vheoZns t\XrXzn A_q_(d) AXv ASnapIbpw Ahs\ h[npIfbpIbpw sNbvXp. Xzv, AkZv, KXv^m Fo tKm{Xm A[nhknn \PvZnse _pkmJbnepw aZo\bpsS ap`mKfnepw ssJ_, ssXamAv, _lssd, AkZv, Dm, kBAv, InZ, lZdauv FnhnSfnepw Xes]mnb Iem]w Xs ZrVNnXbpw ss[cyhpap]tbmKnp A_q_(d) ASnan. apJcnXamb CkvemanImcow imamnop. JpB a\mTamnbn H\h[n klm_nhcym {]kvXpX bpfn acWsp. a\mTamnb lrZbfmbn A {][m\ambpw JpBs CcnnSw. AXv \vspt]mtam Fv Atlw `bsp. {]_ecmb klm_namsc hnfnp IqSnbmtemN\ \Sn. apkvl^v t{ImUnIcnp. tImnI kpnp. imantew CdmJntew aX{]NcWmw {]t_m[I kwLsf \ntbmKnp. JmenZns(d) t\XrXzn CdmJnteb ssk\yw CdmJns hnhn[`mK PbnSn. baqn shp tdma N{Ihnbpambn bpw NbvXp. N{IhnbpsS ssk\yw ]cmPbsp.

| klm_namsS Ncn{Xw

11

A_q_dp_v\p A_nJplm^(d)

\_n(k)bpsS Imew apX A{]Xntcm[yambn XpSh Ckvemans aptnv ]pXnb Jeo^bpsS Ipw Ignhpw Bw IqnbXmsX Hpw atenn. aplZns Xntcm[m\tmSpIqSn Ckvemans hf apcSnp Fv IXnb Ad_nIfpw A\d_nIfpamb AXns i{Xp A_q_dn(d)s `cW]mShpw apthpw I#p Ammfnpt]mbn. Adp]naqmhs hbkn Hmw Jeo^ h^mmbn. Av baqv bpw \SIbmbn. c #p hjhpw aqamkhpw ]v Znhkhpambn Atlns `cWImew.

| klm_namsS Ncn{Xw

12