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Scientific Journal of Control Engineering

October 2012, Volume 2 Issue 5, PP.143-150

Review of Fault Diagnosis in Control Systems


Aishe Shui#, Lichuan Liu, Weihong Fang, Shenglin Li, Changhua Xie, Haitao Zhang
Department of Information Engineering, Logistical Engineering University, Chongqing 401311, China
Email: shuiaishe@163.com

Abstract
The major achievements on the research of fault detection in control systems are reviewed in detail from three aspects which
including signal threshold based approaches, signal model based approaches and process model based approaches. Particular
emphasis is put on the process model based approaches which is using the closed-loop monitoring information in control systems
to establish the quantitative and qualitative process model, detecting and then isolating the main failures in sensors, actuators, and
the controlled process. The corresponding application problems are stated within a purpose of acquiring small probability of both
the false alarm rate and missed alarm rate. As a result of the growing demand for higher performance, efficiency, reliability,
sensitivity and rapidity in fault diagnosis systems , the robust fault detection in the transition process, the knowledge acquisition
for quantitative and qualitative diagnosis based on processing history data, and hybrid intelligent fault diagnosis system
architecture are worthy of a deeper research.
Keywords: Control System; Fault Diagnosis; Fault Detection and Isolation; Sensor Failures; Actuator Failures; Process
Failures

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: (42412332)
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Frank
[1]
Venkatasubramanian
[2~4]

[4, 5]

1.1

[6, 7]
[8]
[9~12]

3
1
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,
2

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2 x 1

(x)

2 ( x)

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0
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1
2
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1 x
2

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Px K 0.05

x1 2

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4

0.05 0.05
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ARMA
[13~17]

1.1 1

0.05 0.05 n 24 0.495 0.126

1.3

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VR

2
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Y VR U
R
[18]
Y VR

[19]
1.3.2

[10]

[20~24]
1.3.3

Principal Component Analysis PCA


PCA

PCA Squared Prediction Error


SPE T

Adaptive PCA

Moving PCA MPCAMulti-Scale PCA MSPCA PCA


[25~29]
MPCA MSPCA
1.3.4

[4]

[30~33]

[31~33] PCA-QTA SDG- 146 -

QTA

1.3.5

Signed Direct Graph SDG


[34] SDG
(0,,)
0 (0,,)

SDG
SDG

SDG
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SDG [37] SDG QTA
SDG
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PCA

[2, 39]

[18]

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[12][13,20~23][19]

2.2
[35]
[19, 40][32]

[4, 5, 41, 42]


[5]IRTW

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INTEMOROOSE DKIT[4][42]

[37]

PCA
QTA SDG

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Email: shuiaishe@163.com

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