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September 2012, Volume 2, Issue 3, PP.

65-68

Scientific Journal of Frontier Chemical Development

1 1 1 2
1. 400044
2. 400044
Tafel AZ

AZ31
AZ31
1.0%

Study on Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys as Anode


Materials for Magnesium Manganese Dry Battery
Xizhen Wang * 1, Wei Zhu 1, WenPo Li 1, Yi Cheng 2
1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China, 400044
2. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China, 400044
Email: never19880513@163.com
Abstract: Using the electrochemical workstation to test the open circuit potential, Tafel curve, electrochemical impedance
spectroscopy technology, and the Mg(ClO4)2 solution as electrolyte, the electrochemical behaviour of magnesium and its AZ alloy was
investigated, in order to examine its performance as negative material of battery. Electrochemical tests were conducted on AZ31 alloy
with phytic acid of different concentrations as the corrosion inhibitor, is investigated by, and battery assembly was conducted under
different concentrations. The results show that the alloy decreases corrosion of magnesium, and AZ31 alloy has a good eletrochemical
performance; Phytic acid has a degree of inhibiting ability, the concentration of 0.1 percent is the best, increasing the capacity of the
battery and improving the utilization rate of the anode.
Keywords: Magnesium Alloys; Corrosion Inhibitor; Battery

[1]
1.31-2.36 V(vs.SHE)
2.20 A
h/g 0.82 A
h/g[2-4]

[5]

[6]

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September 2012, Volume 2, Issue 3, PP.65-68

Scientific Journal of Frontier Chemical Development

1
1.1
CHI660b AZ31
1.0 mol/L

1.2
1.2.1

=(i-i0)100% ii0

1.2.2

[14-15][16]

1.3
1.3.1

AZ 112131

1 a) b) AZ11 c) AZ21 d) AZ31


1

(V)

(e-5)

(ohm)

-1.9023

12.95

322

AZ11

-1.6207

6.838

553

AZ21

-1.5773

3.743

1035

AZ31

-1.4302

1.370

2787

1 1

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September 2012, Volume 2, Issue 3, PP.65-68

Scientific Journal of Frontier Chemical Development

2 a) b) AZ11 c) AZ21 d) AZ31

1.3.2

AZ31

AZ31 a) b) 0.1% c) 0.5% d)


1.0%
2

(V)

(e-5)

(ohm)

-1.4141

4.133

942

0.1%

-1.4157

0.988

76.1%

3124

0.5%

-1.5126

2.377

42.5%

1486

1.0%

-1.4201

2.791

32.5%

1302

3 2 0.1%

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September 2012, Volume 2, Issue 3, PP.65-68

1.3.3

Scientific Journal of Frontier Chemical Development

AZ31 MnO2
2.5
0
0.1 % phytic acid
0.5 % phytic acid
1 % phytic acid

Patential (V)

2.0

1.5

1.0
0

10

15

20

Time (h)

AZ31 3.0 mA

2
AZ31 1.0%

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[3] Sivashanmugam A, Premkumar T, Renganathan N G, et al. Performance of A Magnesium-lithium Alloys as An Anode for Magnesium
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[4] Munichandraiah N. Electrochemical Impedance Studies of A Decade-aged Magnesium/manganese Dioxide Primary Cell[J]. Journal of
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[5] . [P]. : CN1710736A, 2005
[6] , , , . [J]. , 2009, 23(10): 119-121
[7] Baril G, Pebere N. The Corrosion of Pure Magnesium in Aerated and Deaerated Sodium Sulphate Solutions[J]. Corrosion Science, 2001,
43: 471-484
[8] Song G, Stjohn D. Corrosion Behaviour of Magnesium in Ethylene Glycol[J]. Corrosion Science, 2004, 46: 1381-1399
[9] , , , . La AZ91D [J]. , 2006, 42(1): 35-40

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Email: never19880513@163.com

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