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Chapter 2 Exercise 2A

Q. 1.

(i) u = 0, v = 10, t = 5, a = ?

Q. 7.
Q

v2 = u2 + 2as
0 = 9 + 2a(6)
3
a = __ m/s2
4

v = u + at
10 = 0 + 5a
a = 2 m/s2
(ii) u = 0, a = 2, t = 5, s = ?
1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
s = (0)(5) + __(2)(25)
2
= 25 m
Q. 2.

(i) u = 0, v = 24, a = 3, t = ?

3
u = 3, v = 0, a = __,
4
v = u + at
3
0 = 3 + __ t
4
t=4s
Q
Q. 8.

1
u = 70, t = 8, a = 2 __, s = ?
2
1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
1
s = 70(8) + __ 2 __ (64)
2
2
= 560 80 = 480 s
1
(ii) u = 50, v = 0, a = 2 __, s = ?
2
v2 = u2 + 2as
0 = 2,500 5s
s = 500 m

1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
s = (0)(8) + __(3)(64) = 96 m
2

u = 0, a = 3, s = 6, v = ?
v2 = u2 + 2as
v2 = 0 + 2(3)(6)
v = 6 m/s
u = 50, v = 70, s = 300, a = ?
v2 = u2 + 2as
4,900 = 2,500 + 2(a)(300)
a = 4 m/s2

Q
Q. 9.

v = u + at
70 = 50 + 4t
t=5s

1
600 = u(40) + __ (0.5)(1,600)
2
600 = 40u + 400
200 = 40u
u = 5 m/s
Q. 6.

u = 3, v = 11, t = 6, s = ?

u+v
s = _____ t
2

3 + 11
s = _______ (6)
2
= 42 m

(i) u = 24, v = 0, a = 8, s = ?

(ii) v2 = u2 + 2as
0 = 2,304 + 2(8)s
s = 144 m

a = 0.5, s = 600, t = 40, u = ?


1
s = ut + __at2
2

v2 = u2 + 2as
0 = 576 + 2(8)s
s = 36 m

u = 50, v = 70, a = 4, t = ?

Q. 5.

(i) u = 70, v = 50, t = 8, a = ?


v = u + at
70 = 50 + a(8)
1
a = 2 __ m/s2
2

(ii) u = 0, a = 3, t = 8, s = ?

Q. 4.

t=?

()

v = u + at
24 = 0 + 3t
t=8s

Q. 3.

u = 3, v = 0, s = 6, a = ?

Q
Q. 10.

72,000 m
(i) 72 km/hr = _________
3,600 s
= 20 m/s
48,000 m
40
(ii) 48 km/hr = _______ = ___ m/s
3
3,600 s
v2 = u2 + 2as
1,600
_____
= 400 + 2a(500)
9
2
a = __ m/s2
9
v = u + at
40
___
3

( )

2
= 20 + __ t
9

t = 30 s

(iii) v2 = u2 + 2as

Q
Q. 14.

( )

1,600
2
0 = _____ + 2 __ s
9
9

30,000 m 25
(i) 30 km/hr = _________ = ___ m/s
3
3,600 s
v = u + at
25
___

s = 400 m
Q. 11.

1
t = 4__ s
6

1,000 m
5
(i) 1 km/hr = _______ = ___ m/s
3,600 s
18
72 km/hr = 20 m/s and

(ii) v2 = u2 + 2as
50 2 = 02 + 2(2)s
___
3
625
s = ____ m
9

( )

54 km/hr = 15 m/s
v2 = u2 + 2as
225 = 400 + 2(a)(35)
1
a = 2__ m/s2
2

(iii) v2 = u2 + 2as
50 2
02 = ___ + 2(a)(2)
3
625
____
a=
m/s2
9

( )

(ii) v2 = u2 + 2as

( )

1
0 = 225 + 2 2__ s
2
s = 45 m
Q. 12.

Let t be the time of meeting.


3
1
s1 = 5t + __(3)t2 = 5t + __t2
2
2
1
s2 = 7t + __(2)t2 = 7t + t2
2

Exercise 2B
E
Q
Q. 1.

(i) u = 0, a = 2, v = 30
v = u + at
30 = 0 + 2t
t = 15 s

s1 + s2 = 162
5
12t + __t2 = 162
2
54
t = 6 t = ___ rejected
5

= 0 + 2t

(ii)

Speed (m/s)

30

At t = 6,
v1 = u + at = 5 + (3)(6)
A

= 23 m/s
v2 = 7 + (2)(6)

15

= 19 m/s
Q. 13.

12

10

Time (s)

=A+B+C
1
1
= __(15)(30)+ (12)(30) + __(10)(30)
2
2
= 225 + 360 + 150

3t2 + 10t 400 = 0

Total distance covered = Area under


graph

(i) They will meet when s1 + s2 = 400.


1
1
3t + __ (4)t2 + 7t + __ (2)t2 = 400
2
2
10t + 3t2 = 400
(3t + 40)(t 10) = 0
40
___
t=
OR t = 10
3
t = 10 s
40
___
(t = is rejected as impossible)
3
1
(ii) s1 = 3(10) + __ (4)(10)2 = 230 m
2
1
__
s2 = 7(10) + (2)(10)2 = 170 m
2

= 735 m
(iii) u = 30, v = 0, t = 10
v = u + at
0 = 30 + 10a
10a = 30
a = 3 m/s2
Magnitude of deceleration is 3 m/s2
Q
Q. 2.

(i) v = u + at
20 = 0 + a(5)
a = 4 m/s2

1
(ii) s = ut + __at2
2
1
s = 0(5) + __ (4)(25) = 50 m
2

(i) During deceleration


Area under graph = 150
Area C = 150
1
__
(t)(60) = 150
2
30t = 150

(iii) Remaining distance = 200 m.


200 m at 20 m/s takes 10 seconds.
The total time taken = 5 + 10 = 15 s
Q. 3.

t=5s

(i) Speed (m/s)

(ii) During acceleration

50

u = 0, v = 60, a =3
v = u + at
60 = 0 + 3t
t = 20 s
25

Time (s)

Total distance covered = Area under


graph

During acceleration
u = 0, v = 50, a =5

1
= __(20)(60) + (75)(60) + 150
2
= 600 + 4,500 + 150

v = u + at
50 = 0 + 5t
t = 10 s

= 5,250 m
5,250
(iii) Average speed = ______
100
= 52.5 m/s

During deceleration
u = 50, v = 0, a =10
v = u + at
0 = 50 10t
10t = 50
t=5s

Q. 5.
Q

(i) v2 = u2 + 2as
(40)2 = 02 + 2(2)s
s = 400 m

Total distance travelled = Area under


graph

v = u + at
40 = 0 + 2t

1
1
= __(10)(50) + (25)(50) + __(5)(50)
2
2
= 250 + 1,250 + 125
= 1,625 m

t = 20 s
(ii)

v2

= u2 + 2as

0 = (40)2 + 2(5)s

Total distance
(ii) Average speed = ____________
Total time
1,625
= ____________
10 + 25 + 5

s = 160 m
v = u + at
0 = 40 + (5)t

1,625
= ______
40

t=8s

= 40.625 m/s

(iii) Remainder = 1,000 400 160


= 440 m

Q. 4. Speed (m/s)

440 m at 40 m/s takes 11 seconds.


Total time = 20 + 11 + 8 = 39 s

60

Q
Q. 6.
A

(i) v = u + at
27 = 0 + a(9)

a = 3 m/s2
75

Time (s)

(ii) v2 = u2 + 2as

v = u + at

0 = (27)2 + 2(a)(54)

25 = 15 + (a)(4)
1
a = 2 __ m/s2
2

3
a = 6__ m/s2
4
Q. 8.
Q

(iii) 2nd part:


v = u + at

10

( )

3
0 = 27 + 6__ t
4
t=4s

12 t

Let t = time spent accelerating


1
__
(t)(10) + (12 t)(10) = 100
2
5t + 120 10t = 100

17

20 = 5t

Distance = Area under the curve


1
= __ (13)(27)
2
1
= 175 __ m
2

t=4
10
a = ___ = 2.5 m/s2
4
Q. 9.
Q

25

Total distance
Average speed = ____________
Total time
=

1
175 __
2
______

13
1
= 13 __ m/s
2

1
__
2

18 t

(t)(25) + (18 t)(25) = 350


12.5t + 450 25t = 350

(iv) First part:

100 = 12.5t

v = u + at
15 = 0 + 3t
t=5s

t=8s
40

v = u + at

15 = 27 + 6

3
__
4

)t

25

400 + 40y + 100 = 700


A

15

y=5

Time = 20 + 5 + 5 = 30 s

Q
Q. 11.
x

40
x = ___ = 20
2
40
z = ___ = 5
8
Area = 700
1
1
__ (20)(40) + 40y + __ (5)(40) = 700
2
2

7
t = 1__ s
9
Answer: After 5 seconds and
7
7
after 9 + 1__ = 10__ s
9
9
Q. 7.

2nd part:

Q
Q. 10.

40 x

Area under the curve = 980


1
__
(x)(10) + (15)(x) + (40 x)(25) = 980
2
x=4s

(i)

40
a
60

3a
y

40 2
a = ___ = __ m/s2
60 3

Extra time = 282.5 260


= 22.5 seconds more than
the first time

Since 60a = 40 = 3az


60a 60
z = ____ = ___ = 20 s
3a
3

QED

Area = 8,800
1
1
__ (60)(40) + 40y + __ (20)(40) = 8,800
2
2
1,200 + 40y + 400 = 8,800
40y = 7,200

Exercise 2C
E
Q. 1.
Q
10

y = 180
Distances are 1,200,
400 metres

7,200,

Total time = 60 + 180 + 20 = 260 s

(ii) 40

t5

v = u + at
10 = 0 + 2t
t=5s

30
20
10
60

Area under the curve = 100


1(5)(10) + (t 5)(10) = 100
__
2
t = 12.5 s

Shaded region = 1 km = 1,000 m


2
The deceleration = 3a = 3 __
3
2
= 2 m/s (from (i))

()

Q
Q. 2.

(i) 22 12

20
d = ___ = 10 s
2
Shaded region = 1,000
1
20c + __ (d)(20) = 1,000
2

( )

1
1
v = 0 + 1__ (15) = 22__ m/s
2
2
v = u + at
1
0 = 22__ + (5)t
2
1
__
t=4 s
2

Dotted region: u = 40, v = 20,


a = 2, t = b

1
Area = 10(20) + __ (10)(20) = 300 m
2
Total area = 8,800
1
__

(60)(40) + 40a + 300 + 900 + 100


2
= 8,800
40a = 6,300
a = 157.5

Total time = 60 + 157.5 + 10 + 45 + 10


= 282.5

4 2

v = u + at

1
20c + __ (10)(20) = 1,000
2
20c + 100 = 1,000
20c = 900
c = 45

v = u + at
20 = 40 2b
b = 10

15

(ii) Distance = Area under the curve

( )( )

3
1
1
1
= __ 19__ 22 __ = 219 __ m
2
2
2
8
Q. 3.
Q

(i) v = u + at
24 = 0 + 2t
t = 12 s

u+v
s = _____ t
2

24 + 0
48 = _______ t
2
t=4s

1
(ii) First part: a = ut + __at2
2
1
= 0(12) + __(2)(12)2
2
= 144 m

1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
48 = u(4) + __(a)(16)
2
u + 2a = 12

Total distance = 144 + 48 = 192 m

Q. 4.

Solving these gives (i) a = 3 m/s2

Total time = 12 + 4 = 16 s
192
Average speed = ____ = 12 m/s
16
1 2
1 2
__
__
s1 = ut + at = 0(t) + (4)t = 2t2
2
2

(ii) u = 6 m/s
(iii) First 6 seconds:
1
s = ut + __ at2
2
1
s = (6)(6) + __ (3)(36) = 90 m
2

s2 = 20t
s1 = s 2

The distance travelled = 90 48


= 42 m

2t2 = 20t
t = 10 s

Q.
Q 8. O

s = 200 m
Q. 5.

t = 10 s

Solving gives a = 3.5, u = 7

3
10t + __t2 = 20t + t2
2

Answer: a = 3.5 m/s

t = 20 s

4s B
48 m

6s
102 m

(ii) O to A: u = 0, v = 7, a = 3.5, s = s
C

A to B: u = u, t = 4, s = 48, a = a
1
s = ut + __at2
2
48 = 4u + 8a
u + 2a = 12
A to C: u = u, t = 10, s = 150, a = a
1
s = ut + __at2
2
150 = 10u + 50a
u + 5a = 15
Solving gives a = 1, u = 10
Answer: 1 m/s2

1
(i) s = ut + __at2
2
1
18 = u(2) + __(a)(4)
2
u+a=9

2s C
63 m

168 = 8a + 32a

(iv) s1 = s2

Q. 7.

A to C: u = u, s = 168, t = 8, a = a
1
s = ut + __at2
2

10 + 3t = 20 + 2t

6s
105 m

105 = 6u + 18a

(iii) v1 = v2

Q. 6.

(i) A to B: u = u, s = 105, t = 6, a = a
1
s = ut + __at2
2

(i) v1 = 10 + 3t; v2 = 20 + 2t
3
(ii) s1 = 10t + __t2; s2 = 20t + t2
2

t = 0 OR

(1st and 2nd parts)

(1st part)

v2 = u2 + 2as
49 = 0 + 7s
s=7m
Q.
Q 9.

1
1st part: s = ut + __at2
2
1
39 = u(1) + __a(1)2
2
2u + a = 78
1
1st and 2nd parts: 76 = u(2) + __a(2)2
2
2u + 2a = 76
1
First three parts: 111 = u(3) + __a(3)2
2
6u + 9a = 222
u + 3a = 74
Solving the first two equations gives a = 2,
u = 40
Solving the last two equations gives a = 2,
u = 40
They are consistent.

Stopping: v2 = u2 + 2as

Q
Q. 13.

Speed (m/s)

0 = (40)2 + 2(2)s

s = 400 m
It will travel a further 400 111 = 289 m
Q. 10.

1
a to b: s = ut + __at2
2
1
20 = u(5) + __(a)(5)2
2
2u + 5a = 8
1
a to c: 40 = u(8) + __a(8)2
2
2u + 8a = 10
7
2
Solving these gives u = __ m/s, a = __ m/s2
3
3
1
a to d: a = ut + __ at2
2
7
1 __
2 2
__
__
60 = t +
t
3
2 3
t2 + 7t 180 = 0 (use formula)

Let the top speed = v


v
t1 = __
2
v
t2 = __
7
The time taken = 90 seconds = T
v
v 7v + 2v
T = __ + __ = _______
2 7
14
9v
= ___
14

t = 10.4 s (17.4 is rejected).


The time taken = 10.4 8 = 2.4 s

9v
___

= 90
14
9v = 1,260

Q. 11.
x
32

v = 140 m/s
1
Distance = __(90)(140)
2
= 6,300 m

1
1
Area = __(10)x + 32x + __(6)x = 1,000
2
2
x = 25 m/s
1
Distances are: __(10)(25) = 125;
2
32(25) = 800;

Time (s)

()

10

t2

t1

= 6.3 km
Q
Q. 14.

(i)

1
__
2

Q. 12.

(6)(25) = 75 m

3 1
(i) t1 : t2 = 3 : 1 = __ : __
4 4

12

1
1
Area = __ (12)x + 40x + __ (8)x = 1,000
2
2
x = 20 m/s

3
__

t1 = (20) = 15 s
4
1
t2 = __(20) = 5 s
4

40

(ii)
20
14

(ii) v = u + at
v = 0 + (1)(15)
= 15 m/s

12

(iii) 15

15

s = Area under curve


1
= __ (20)(15) = 150 m
2

T 12

Area1 = Area2
1
14T = __ (12)(20) + 20(T 12)
2
T = 20 s
s = 14T
= 280 m

Q. 15.

1
1st part: s = ut + __ at2
2
1
24 = u(2) + __ a(2)2
2
u + a = 12

Q 17.
Q.

()

1 1
1
(i) s1 = 0 + __ __ t2 = __ t2
4
2 2
1
1
s2 = 0 + __ (1)t2 = __ t2
2
2
Distance apart, s = s1 + s2

1
1st and 2nd parts: 48 = u(3) + __ a(3)2
2
2u + 3a = 32

3
= __ t2
4
3
When t = 10, s = __ (100) = 75 m
4

Solving these gives a = 8, u = 4


1
First three parts: 72 = 4t + __ (8)t2
2
t2 + t 18 = 0
t = 3.772

(ii) When s = 108


3 2
__
t = 108
4
t2 = 144

(t = 4.772 is rejected)

Time taken = 3.772 3


= 0.772 s
Q. 16.

t = 12 s
This is 12 10 = 2 seconds later

(i) 16

Q.
Q 18.
A

16

Distance in A =

C
8

1
__

(16)(16) = 128 m
2
1
Distance in C = __ (8)(16) = 64 m
2
Total distance travelled = 192 m

1 __
v
__

( )

v2 = 6,400

(ii) n

v = 80 m/s
v
v 80 80
Time = __ + __ = ___ + ___ = 30 s
4 8
4
8
t1

Q. 19.
Q

Let t = time after cyclist passes P


Greatest gap v1 = v2
12 = 0 + 1(t 5)
t = 17
at t = 17, s1 = 12(17) = 204 m
1
s2 = __ (1)(17 5)2 = 72 m
2
Gap = 204 72 = 132 m

Q
Q. 20.

Greatest gap v1 = v2
8 + 4t = 30 + 3(t 2)
8 + 4t = 30 + 3t 6
t = 16
1
at t = 16, s1 = 8(16) + __ (4)(16)2 = 640
2
at t = 16 2 = 14,
1
s2 = 30 (14) + __ (3)(14)2 = 714
2
Gap = 714 640 = 74 m QED

t2
T

Let T = the time taken


2 1
t1 : t2 = d : a = 2 : 1 = __ : __
3 3
2
1
t1 = __ T and t2 = __ T
3
3
v = u + at

( )

2
2
v = 0 + (1) __ T = __ T
3
3
Area = 300

v
+ __ v = 1,200
24 8
3v
1 ___
__
v = 1,200
2 8
3v2
___
= 1,200
16

= 108 m
108
____
= 6.75 s
Time taken =
16
Total time = 16 + 6.75 + 8
= 30.75 s

Remainder for B = 300 192

1
__

Let v = top speed

( )

2
(T) __ T = 300
3

T = 30 s

Q. 21.

Q
Q. 23.

G
P1

22

P2

Take speeds, accelerations, distances


relative to the goods train.
Let p = the passenger train and
g = the goods train.

After t seconds, Alberto has travelled


1
s1 = 12t + __ t2
2
After t seconds, Gustav has travelled s2 = t2

The initial relative speed,


upg = up ug

At both P1 and P2,

= 80 30

s1 = s2 + 22

= 50 m/s

1
12t + __ t2 = t2 + 22
2
t2 24t + 44 = 0

The relative distance = 1,500 m


The final relative speed is zero, since the
two trains must eventually be travelling at
the same speed to avoid a crash.

t = 2, 22
Answer: (i) After 2 seconds

v2 = u2 + 2as

(ii) After 20 seconds more

0 = (50)2 + 2a(1,500)

Q. 22.

5
a = __ m/s2
6
The relative deceleration is, therefore,
5
__
m/s2
6

10

50

Area under the curve = 696


1
(10)x + 50x + __(6)x = 696
2
2
x = 12

The actual deceleration of the passenger


5
train is __ m/s2, since the goods train does
6
not decelerate at all.

1
__

v = u + at

(i) Initial relative speed,


u = 20 8 = 12 m/s
Relative distance = 120 m

12 = 0 + a1(10)
a1 = 1.2 m/s2
Similarily, a2 = 2

Q. 24.
Q

Final relative speed = 0 m/s


m/s2

v2 = u2 + 2as
0 = (12)2 + 2a(120)

3
a = __ m/s2
5
t1

t2

5 3
t1 : t2 = 2 : 1.2 = 5 : 3 = __ : __
8 8
5
3
__
__
t1 = T, t2 = T
8
8
v = u + at

( )

5
3
v = 0 + (1.2) __ T = __ T
4
8
Area = 696

( )

3
(T ) __T = 696
4
2

1
__

T2

= 1,856
___

(ii) (i) u = 12
a = 1
s = 120 66 = 54
t=?
1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
54 = 12t + __ (1)t2
2
t2 24t + 108 = 0
(t 6)(t 18) = 0
t = 6, 18
Answer: After 6 seconds

T = 8 29

(ii) u = 12
a = 1
s=s
t=t

Q. 3.

(i) s1 = s2
0(t) + 4.9t2
= 14.7 (t 1) + 4.9 (t 1)2

1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
s = 12t __t2
2
ds = 12 t
__
dt

t2 = 3(t 1) + (t 1)2
t2 = 3t 3 + t2 2t + 1
t=2
(ii) 4.9(2)2 = 19.6 m

= 0 (Since s is a minimum)
t = 12

(iii)
1st

1
At t = 12, s = 12(12) __ (12)2 = 72 m
2
This means that they have travelled a
distance of 72 m towards each other,
and so the distance between then will
be 120 72 = 48 m.

14.7
0

Exercise 2D
Q. 1.

Q. 4.

47(t + 2) 4.9(t + 2)2 = 64.6t 4.9t2


47t + 94 4.9t2 19.6t 19.6
= 64.6t 4.9t2
74.4 = 37.2t

350 50 25
t = ____ = ___ = ___
7
98
14

t=2s

( 7 ) 4.9 ( 7 )

25 2
___

= 125 62.5 = 62.5 m


Q. 2.

(i) u(1) 4.9(1)2 = 16.1


u 4.9 = 16.1
u = 21 m/s
(ii) v = 0
21 9.8t = 0
210 15
21
t = ___ = ____ = ___
7
9.8
98
15
___
at t = ,
7
15
15 2
sy = 21 ___ 4.9 ___
7
7

( )

( )

= 45 22.5 = 22.5 m
(iii) sy = 0

10

(ii) 64.6(2) 4.9(2)2 = 109.6 m


Q. 5.

First t seconds
u = u, s = 70, a = 9.8, t = t
70 = ut 4.9t2 Equation 1
First 2t seconds
u = u, s = 70 + 50 = 120,
a = 9.8, t = 2t
120 = 2ut 4.9 (2t)2
120 = 2ut 19.6t2 Equation 2
Eq 2: 120 = 2ut 19.6t2
2 Eq. 1: 140 = 2ut + 9.8t2
20 = 9.8t2
200 = 98t2

21t 4.9t2 = 0
t = 0 OR

(i) Let t = time Q is in motion.


sP = sQ

(ii) v = 0
35 9.8t = 0

s = 35

t + 2 = time P is in motion.

(i) s = 35t 4.9t2 = 0


t(35 4.9 t) = 0
350 50
t = 0 OR t = ____ = ___ s
7
49

25
___

21
t = ___
4.9
210 30
= ____ = ___ s
7
49

2nd

100
t2 = ____
49
10
t = ___ s
7

( )

10
100
70 = u ___ 4.9 ____
7
49

a = d + k, t = 2n,

1
s = ut + __ at2
2
1
d + k = __ a(2n)2
2
d + k = 2an2 Equation B

10u
70 = ____ 10
7
u = 56 m/s
Q. 6.

(i) u = u,

a = 9.8, s = 30, t = 5
1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
30 = 5u + __(9.8)(25)
2
92.5 = 5u
u = 18.5 m/s

(ii) v = u + at
= 18.5 + (9.8)(5)

4 Equation A
d + k = 4d
k = 3d QED
Q.
Q 2.

(i)
15ak

Speed = 30.5 m/s


Q. 7.

49t

10t

t2

t2

= 78.4
= 16

10t + 16 = 0

(t 2)(t 8) = 0
t = 2, 8
t1 = 2, t2 = 8
t1 + t2 = 10 QED
OR
b
t1 + t2 = __
a
(10)
______

t1 + t2 =

3k

1
1
Distance in A = __(5k)(15ak) = 37__ak2
2
2
1
1 2
__
__
Distance in C = (3k)(15ak) = 22 ak
2
2
1 2
1
__
2
Remainder = 90ak 37 ak 22__ak2
2
2
= 30ak2
30ak2
Time for B = _____ = 2k s
15ak
Total time = 5k + 2k + 3k
= 10k s
(ii) n

7t2 100t + 300 = 0


c
Product of roots = __
a
300
t1 t2 = ____
7
7 t1 t2 = 300 QED

t2

t1

70t 4.9t2 = 210

Let T = the total time


5 3
t1 : t2 = d : a = 5a : 3a = __ : __
8 8
5
3
t1 = __ T and t2 = __ T
8
8
v = u + at

( )

5
15
v = 0 + (3a) __ T = ___ aT
8
8

Exercise 2E
s = d, t = n,
1
s = ut + __at2
2

700t 49t2 = 2,100

Q. 1.

5k

t1 + t2 = 10
Q. 8.

2an2 = 4d

But 2an2 = d + k

= 30.5

4.9t2

u = 0, a = a

u = 0, a = a

1
d = __ an2 Equation A
2

Area = 90ak2
2

15
(T ) ___ aT = 90ak2
8

1
__

T2 = 96k2
__

T = 4 6 k

11

Q. 3.

1v
v2
Distance A = __ __
v = ___
a
2
2a
1 __
v
v2
__
Distance C =
v = ___
2b
2b
v2
v2
___
Remainder = s
___
2a 2b
v2
v2
Time taken in B = s ___ ___ v
2a 2b
s
v
v
= __v ___ ___
2a 2b
s
v
v
v
v
Total time taken = a__ + v__ ___ ___ + __
2a 2b
b
s
v
v
= ___ + ___ + __v QED
2a 2b

( )

1
h = ut + __(g)t2
2
2h = 2ut gt2

()

gt2 2ut + 2h = 0
c
Product of roots = __
a
2h
t1 t2 = ___
g QED
Q. 4.

Let |PQ| = |QR| = x


P

(i) The journey P R: u = u, v = 7u,


s = 2x, a = a

(ii)

v2 = u2 + 2as

49u2 = u2 + 2(a)(2x)
48u2 = 4ax
12u2 = ax
12u2
a = _____
x

The journey P Q: u = u, v = v,
12u2
s = x, a = _____
x

Let T = the total time


b
a
t1 : t2 = b : a = _____ : _____
a+b a+b

v2 = u2 + 2as

12u2

bT
aT
t1 = _____, t2 = _____
a+b
a+b

v2 = u2 + 2 _____
x (x)

v2

v2

u2

25u2

v = u + at

24u2

Area = s

(ii) P to Q: u = u, v = 5u, s = x,
t = t1, a = a

( )

Q. 6.

Q to R: u = 5u, v = 7u, t = t2,


a=a
v = u + at

12

(a) t = n 1, u = u,

a = a,

QED
s = s1

1
s = ut + __at2
2

1
s1 = u(n 1) + __a(n 1)2
2
1
1
= un u + __an2 an + __a
2
2

7u = 5u + at2
2u
t2 = ___
a
t1 = 2t2 QED

t = n,

u = u, a = a,

s = s2

1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
s2 = un + __an2
2

_________

a+b
T = 2s _____
ab

5u = u + at1
4u
t1 = ___
a

abT
(T ) _____ = s
a+b

1
__

v = u + at

(i)

bT
abT
v = 0 + (a) _____ = _____
a+b
a+b

v = 5u

Q. 5.

t2

t1

C
n

Distance travelled, s = s2 s1

1
= u + an __a
2

QED

total distance
Average speed = ____________
total time

(b) When n = 2, s = 17
1
17 = u + 2a __a
2
1
__
u + 1 a = 17
2

When n = 7, s = 47
1
47 = u + 7a __a
2
1
__
u + 6 a = 47
2
Solving these gives a = 6, u = 8

5xv + 5yv + 5zv = 3xv + 6yv + 3zv


5x + 5y + 5z = 3x + 6y + 3z
2x + 2z = y
1
x + z = __ y
2

1
s = u + an __a
2

1
= 8 + (6)(10) __(6)
2

Fraction of distance travelled at constant


yv
speed = ______________
1
1
__
xv + yv + __ zv
2
2
y
____________
=
1
1
__
x + y + __z
2
2
2y
= __________
x + 2y + z

= 65 m
(ii) n = n
1
s = 8 + 6n __(6)
2
= (6n + 5) m
(c) sn + sn + 1 = 256

2y
= ___________
(x + z) + 2y

6n + 5 + 6(n + 1) + 5 = 256
n = 20

2y
= ________
1
__
y + 2y
2

Answer: In the 20th and 21st seconds


n

Q
Q. 8
8.

(i)

x+y+z

5v
= ___
6

(i) n = 10

Q. 7.

1
1
__
xv + yv + __zv
2
2
______________

2y
= ____
1
2__ y
2
4
__
=
QED
5

A
d curve = d
Area under

n
4

4
x

(ii) v = 4x = 4z

( )

ty
1 _____
__
2

( )

1 ty
(2(t y)) + y(2)(t y) + __ _____ (2(t y)) = d
2 2

1
1
__(t y)2 + 2yt 2y2 + __(t y)2 = d
2
2
(t y)2 + 2yt 2y2 = d

x = z and v = 4x

t2 2yt + y2 + 2yt 2y2 = d


t2 y2 = d
y2 = t2 d

x
t

______

y = t2 d

QED

2x + y = t
ty
x = _____
2
v = 4x = 2(t y)

13