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Introduction Training Valves

Slide No: 1

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Valves in Petroleum Processing Industry


VALVES FUNCTION valves are used for the following purposes : To start and stop flow of fluids To regulate, throttle and control fluid flow or pressure To prevent back-flow To relieve excess pressure / vacuum Control direction of fluid MAIN VALVE TYPES Gate valves are generally used in systems where low flow resistance for a fully open valve is desired and there is no need to throttle the flow. Globe valves are used in systems where good throttling characteristics and low seat leakage are desired and a relatively high head loss in an open valve is acceptable. Ball valves allow quick, quarter turn on-off operation and have poor throttling characteristics.

Butterfly valves provide significant advantages over other valve designs in weight, space, and cost for large valve applications

Slide No: 2

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Valves in Petroleum Processing Industry


Gate VALVE This is the most common type of valve in use in industry and is used to start or stop the flow of fluids. It gives a positive shut-off when closed and is often used as a 'Block Valve' for isolating systems. The gate valve MUST be either FULLY CLOSED or FULLY OPEN and NEVER USED TO CONTROL FLOW, as the fluid velocity will erode the valve internals - gate and body seats .. etc.

Slide No: 3

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Valves in Petroleum Processing Industry


GLOBE VALVE The Globe valve is used where control of fluid flow or pressure is required and it can be operated in any position between open and closed.

StaticDepartment
Slide No: 4
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Valves in Petroleum Processing Industry


Ball VALVE These valves give a more streamline flow in their operation. The valve port is about the same size as the internal pipe diameter. They are operated simply by turning a handle through 90. They can give a fairly tight shut-off and some degree of control.

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Slide No: 5
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Valves in Petroleum Processing Industry


Butterfly VALVE The Butterfly valve is designed to give full flow with some control capability. Normally, this type of valve does not give positive shut-off but, present-day technology, using new Polymers and higher temperature ratings, has enabled the construction of butterfly valves having a 'Bubble-tight' shut-off.

Slide No: 6

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