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Riots, Revolutions, and Reforms Ms. Kimball Fall 2013 Enlightenment Unit Readings: McKay o Court Culture (p.

. 416-417) and Listening to the Past: The Court at Versailles (p. 430-431) o Chapter 16/Absolutism in France (405-409, 410-411) o Chapter 18/Enlightenment (466-474) Salisbury and Sherman Primary and Secondary Source Documents (printed handout) o Lester Crocker The Age of Enlightenment o Immanuel Kant What Is Enlightenment? o Voltaire Philosophical Dictionary: The English Model o Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman o Rousseau The Social Contract Additional handouts o John Locke Two Treatises on Government o Thomas Hobbes Leviathan o Thomas Paine Common Sense and The Rights of Man o Selections from Voltaire and Montesquieu Essential Questions: How did Louis XIV maintain a unified France under absolute control, and what were the costs and benefits of such methods? What are the defining features of an absolutist system? What principle of legitimacy is absolutism rooted in? Did the Enlightenment thinkers challenge or maintain that basis of legitimacy and political sovereignty? What new ideas and concepts emerged during the Enlightenment and became the foundation of modern European thinking and values? How did the Enlightenment philosophes criticize and challenge the established order (status quo) in politics, society, religion, and culture? How did Enlightenment thinking reinforce traditional attitudes and practices? How did Enlightenment thinkers define the concept of progress? Was the Enlightenment a revolution or a reformation? Why?

Final Assessment: In-class essay (open note and open book)

Enlightenment Study Guide Due Date: Tuesday, September 24 Points: 10 Task: Each night, use your class notes and assigned readings to complete the relevant term identifications. The study guide is intended to help you to organize and review the key facts and concepts for the unit. All answers should be typed and written in complete sentences on a separate sheet of paper. When finished, print a copy of your final study guide to submit to Ms. Kimball and save a copy in your personal Dropbox folder under the title Enlightenment Study Guide.

Term Identifications In 2-3 complete sentences: 1. Define the term 2. Explain the historical significance of the term. Here, you should aim to explain either: a. how the term relates to the larger themes/concepts of the historical period, or b. how the term connects to other key terms, or c. how the term connects to earlier topics or common themes covered in the course Sample Term Identification: Versailles: 1. Versailles is the palace that King Louis XIV created in 1682 to house the French court. 2. In moving the court from Paris to Versailles, King Louis XIV strengthened absolute control over France because he was able to keep a close eye on the nobles that lived there and, through the etiquette and rituals of the court, distract them from state affairs. Terms Patronage system (at Versailles) Louis XIV Divine right of kings Absolute monarchy Sovereignty Philosophes within term ID address common beliefs held by all philosophes Immanuel Kant - within term ID address his key idea(s) Thomas Hobbes within term ID address his key idea(s) John Locke - within term ID address his key idea(s) Social contract Tabula rasa Natural rights Montesquieu - within term ID address his key idea(s) Thomas Paine - within term ID address his key idea(s) Voltaire - within term ID address his key idea(s) Jean-Jacques Rousseau - within term ID address his key idea(s) Noble savage General will Mary Wollstonecraft - within term ID address her key idea(s) Salons