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1.

:
. 031
. .
:
. .

2007

1. ..............................3
:....................................3
2.
MATLAB 6.5 SIMULINK.................................6
3. ,
, ,
..................................................................................8
4.
................................................................................................12
5. ,
, ,
,
MATLAB 6.5 SIMULINK.............................................................................14
6. ...........................................................................................15

1. .
:

,
.
, . ,

(1):

R
R
s = U s s s + s k r r ,
Ls '
Ls '

R
R
s = U s s s + s k r r ,
Ls '
Ls '

Rr
Rr

k s s p r ,
(1)
r = r +
Lr '
Lr '

Rr
Rr
k s s + p r ,
r = r +
Lr '
Lr '

= 1 3 p k r ( r s s r ) M c ;

J 2 Ls '

:
sa , sb , ra , rb
, ;
Usa ,Usb
, ;
Rs, Rr ;
Ls, Lr - (8),(9);
ks, kr ;
p ;
;
J ;
Mc (14).

:
Lm
;
Lm + L1
Lm
ks =
;
Lm + L2
ks =

(3)
(4)

:
L1, L2 ;
Lm ;

Xs
;
2 f
Xr
L2 =
;
2 f
Xm
Lm =
;
2 f
L1 =

(5)
(6)
(7)

:
Xs, Xr ;
Xm ;
f ;
Ls ' = L1 + k r L2 ;
(8)
Lr ' = L2 + k s L1 ;

(9)
,
(1),
(,
), ,
. ,
:

U s = U sin( k t ) ,

U s = U sin( k t / 2) ;

(10)

U .

. ,
:
tk

R
R
s = U s s s + s k r r dt ,
Ls '
Ls '

tk
= U Rs + Rs k dt ,
s 0 s Ls ' s Ls ' r r

tk

Rr

Rr
s = r + k s s p r dt ,
Lr '
Lr '

tk

s = Rr r + Rr k s s + p r dt ,
0 Lr ' Lr '

t
k
1 3 kr

dt ;
(
)

=
p

Mc
r

J 2 L '

(12)

SimuLink
,
.
(3) (9).
:

isa =

isb =

i =
ra

i =
rb

sa k r ra
,
Ls '
sb k r rb
,
Ls '
ra k s sa
,
Lr '
rb k s sb
;
Lr '

(14)

2.
MATLAB 6.5 SIMULINK.

. 2.1. .

. 2.2. Lm.

. 2.3. L1.

. 2.4. L2.

. 2.5. Ks Kr.

. 2.6. Ls.

. 2.7. Lr.

3. ,
, ,
.


,
2,
(mn)= (dq) 1, ..

. (1.5.3) , 1
= 2,

(2.2.1)


. (1.2.8 ) 2
(2.2.1). ,
,

(2.2.2)
(2.2.2)

(2.2.3)

, 2q=0

(2.2.4)

(2.2.5)

, i1d


; i1q
2.
i1q (2.1.1),
(2.2.6)
,
..


.
(2.2.5) (2.2.6)

(. 2.1).
i1d i1q
,
mc.
2 ,
1= + 2.
(2.2.6) ,

, ..
1 ,
1 = 2=const.

.

,

(
. 2.1),
- d-q,
.

(2.2.4)(2.2.6)
, ,
. (2.2.6)
,
:
. 2.2.
(2.2.5). ,
,
(2.2.4),
(), ,
(.
2.3),
.
,
(, )
.

, ,

(
), ..

.
. 2.3 . 2.2,
,

. , . 2.2
,
,
.
(2.2.6)


(2.2.7)
,

.
,

.
, . 2.3
, ,
,

.

, .. .
.

,
.

4. .

.
, ,
, (, )
(d, q), ,
, v, .

,
,
-


,

.
.2.3
,
,
, , , d,
q, ,
u, v
. ,
() d, q (),
, v
.
,
, .2.3,
. .2.3, , ,
, , v
=t. 1u 1 x1
u, 1v- v.
,
:


.2.3,. , ,
d, q, ,

d q - u, v,

, v
.2.3,. .2.3, .2.3,a, ,
x2d x2q , v ,
(-). ,

,
(2.15) (2.16), .2.3
. ,
x1 x 2 .
1 1, x1u 1v

x1 .
.
x1u, x1v,
x2u, x2v x1, x1, x2d, x2q
.
, .2.4,
.2.3, :


:
xm =

x d2 + x q2

x = x m cos
x = x m sin

(2.18)

5. ,
, ,
,
MATLAB 6.5 SIMULINK.

. 5.1. .

. 5.2. .

. 5.3. .

6. .

. 6.1. .

. 6.2. (U(t)).

. 6.3. (M(t))
(W(t)).

. 6.4. (F(t)).