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: Danica Seleskov itch : /

,
, : , ,
;
, , ,

: ; ;

1.

( )

( ment al
represent at ion)
;

( )

, ,

, ( a t riangular

,
,

process) ( : 37) , ,
,

, ;

, ,

, ,

( : 85) Seleskov it ch
/

( deverbalizat ion,

2.

) ,
( Seleskovitch& L ederer, 1984)

, ( )

Jean Herbert Herbert ( 1952)

/ vouloir dire) ( )

,
,

; ,
;

Julius

( transcoding ) (

Wirl ,
,

) ,
( interpret ing)

( P chhacker, 1992:

212)

( interpret ive t ranslation) ,

H erbert , Seleskovit ch ( 1962)


,

,
( 1)

, Seleskovitch

Seleskov it ch( 1978: 8)

( )

:
1)

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75

1 Seleskov itch ( Seleskovitch& L ederer , 1984)

;
2) ,

3) ,

( language pair )

;
4) ,

,
,

, ,

3.

1)

( formalized) ,

( 1)

, ,

, (

, 2004; M unday, 2001) Seleskovit ch


,

,
( ) ,

, (

( )

, 2003) Seleskovit ch ,

( ) ( )
, ,

: ,

, ;

( 2)

, ( Wilss, 1978:

20 60
70 ,

351) ,
, ,

( Herbert , 1952; Rozan, 1956; P aneth, 1957,

2002) ,

, ,

76

( FL LT P) 2011 2

( t angible) ,

,
,

,
, ,

Seleskovit ch :
,

; ,

3 , :


; ,

professional and inst it ut ional models)


( int eract ion models )

( informat ion processing models) ,

( Seleskovitch, 1978: 8) Seleskovit ch

( interpret ing process models )


( mult iple t ask models) ( complex

operat ions models) ( P chhacker, 2004:

Seleskovit ch

84 109)

,
,

,
,

Moser( 1978: 353 368) L ederer


( 1981: 50)
Stenzl( 1983: 45)

Cokely ( 1992: 124)

Kalina( P chhacker,

,
,

2004: 96) Set ton ( 1999:


65) Chernov ( 2004)

Seleskovitch ,

,
20 60 70

( Cokely
) ,

( )

,
( ,

2007a: 11) ,

, ,

,
, ,

, 20 80

: / ,

( 3) /

Lederer ( 1981 ) Kalina ( P chhacker,

2004: 96 )
( comm unicative mediation)

( )

( socio

( FL LT P) 2011 2

77

Sett on( 1999)


,

, /

Set ton

, ( lang uage of t hought )


Set ton

, 20 80 ,
,

( 365) ;
( ent it ies)

( 192) , Sett on

4.

, :

3 6 ,

: Set ton

, ,


( Carroll, 1994) ,

, 7 ( 7 )

2)

20 ( Le Ny & Kintsch, 1983: 4) ,


20 50 - 70

( 1)

( T aylor& T ay lor, 1983: 212)

Seleskovit ch

( empirical) ,
,

,
, Seleskovitch

,
: ,

/ mental

, ;

represent at ion) ,
,

, ,

, ,


, ,

( int ermediat e

( 2)

,
Seleskovit ch

,
,

, ,
, ,

,
,

78

( FL LT P) 2011 2

, ,

( , 2007b: 192)
,

,
,

: ,

, ,

, ,

; ,

,
;

) , ,

, ,

,
,

, ,

( : 193)
,

: ;

; ,

,
;

,
,

, ;

( : 192

193)
:

,
( , 2004; ,

2005; , 2006) ,

( )

(
, ) ,

,
,

( )
, ,

( expect at ion structure) ( L orscher, 1991)

, ,

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, ( , 2002: 253)

Simultaneous I nter p retating: A Probability Pr ediction

M odel .

Publishing Co mpany.

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P chhacker & M .

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Ger ver, D. 1971. A sp ects of Simultaneous I nter p retation

Ger ver,

T he effects of source language

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Benjamins

Bertonsville, M D: L instok P ress.


Ger ver, D. 1969/ 2002.

and

John

Cokely, D. 1992. I nter p retation: A Sociolinguistic M odel.

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Dissertation. Ox ford: Ox for d U niversity .


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1976.

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interpretation: A review and a model . In R. W. Brislin


( ed. ) . T r anslation : A p p lications and Research. N ew
York: G ar dner P ress.
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inter p r te. Geneva:

Geo rg.

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Isham, W . P. 1994.

deverbalization .

M emor y for sentence form after

simultaneous Interpretation: Ev idence bo th for and against


In S.

Lambert& B.

M oser M ercer

( ed. ) .

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Emp irical Resear ch in

5.

Simultaneous I nterp r etation.

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Lawson,

E.

A.

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translat ion . L anguage and Sp eech 10.


Lederer, M . 1981. L a T r aduction Si multan e Exp r ience
et T h or ie. Paris: M inard L ett res Mo dernes.
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Compr ehension. Amsterdam: Nor th Holland Publishing
Company.
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Perf or mance,

Psycholinguistic I nvestigation. T bingen: Gunter Narr

Verlag .

( Gerver, 1976; M assaro, 1978; M oser, 1978


) , 20 80

T ranslation Process and T ranslation Str ategies :

Massar o, D. W. 1978.

An I nformation processing model

of understanding speech . In D. Gerver& H . W. Sinaiko


( eds. ) . Language I nterp r etation and Communication.
New Y ork& Lo ndon: Plenum Press.
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interpreting:

hy pothetical model and its practical application . In D.

Barik,

Com munication. N ew Yor k& London: Plenum Pr ess.

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Carroll, D . 1994. T he Psy chology of L anguage. Pacific
Grove, California: Br ooks/ Cole Publishing Company.
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Gerver& H. W . Sinaiko. Language I nterp r etation and


Munday,

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T heor ies and A pp lications . L ondon Routledge.


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Reading . Academic Press.

P chhacker , F. 1992.

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interpretin . In C. Doller up& A.

Loddegaar d ( ed. ) .

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Pr oblems

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of
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Stephanie &

and
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, 2007b, , :

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, 2004, ( ) , :

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N.

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Stenzl,

and

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Syntactic anticipation in German English

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T hesis. Birkbeck College, U niversity of L ondon.

, 2006, , :

, 2010,

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( : 518060
)

A Study on Seleskovitch s Triangular Model of Interpreting


by ZHANG Jiliang
Abstract: Danica Seleskovitch, representative of the Paris School, claims that percept ion/
comprehension, deverbalizat ion and expression const it ut e a t riangular model of int erpreting rat her than a
linear process of messag e/ sense transfer. T his art icle, by tracking t he generation of this interpret ing model
and ref lect ing upon it s theoret ical values and deficiencies, argues that t his very t riang ular model, t hough
failing t o elaborate on the hypot hesis of deverbalizat ion and how linguistic informat ion is processed in
interpret ing, is a bold theoret ical innovation w hich helps accelerat e t he cognit ive psy chological t urn of
internat ional int erpreting st udies and serves as great inspirat ion for t he emergence of ensuing informat ion
processing models of interpret ing. T hen the art icle, based on t he t heories of modern cog nit ive psychology,
proposes that t he processing of linguist ic inf orm at ion in interpret ing is accomplished t hrough t he
combination of controlled and automat ic processing, serial and parallel processing and top dow n and bot tom
up processing.
Key words: interpret ing; cognit ive psychology; t he P aris School