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ATHENIAN
RED FIGURE VASES
The Archaic Period
a handbook

JOHN BOARDMAN

5zB illustrations

Cntyr

cnt{ \irncd

by Euphto t)t. Dcdit

dni SarP",/ S(

,,

THAMES AND HUDSON

CONTENTS

IN I IIOI)UCTION
I

llli FIRST GENERATION

Ilr, rcd ligure technique; lnvention irnd Experiment; llr( l)ionecrs; Cup painters; Aspects ofthe Pottery Trade
I

IIII LATE ARCHAIC PAINTERS

89

llrc I(lcophrades Paintcr and the Bcrlin Paintcr;
( )llrcr pot paintcn; Cup paintcrs

MAN Ary .opy ofthis book s{rcd by thc poblishcr

NERISTS AND OTHERS

179

i

dr)r ,t nru1l rrot by rvry oftradc or othcru,isc be lcur. rcv,lcl, hired out or othcnvLse citLrlrted rvithout t|c prblishcrh prrr cor*cnt iu rrLy forrrr of b! i,rs or.o!er orhcr rhlr tlrrt iD $rrich it r prrblishcd rrd wnhout r sunllrr cortditiott i,r(h,di,ig dres. Nords bcnrs n),posed o. x tbscqucnt purrhrser.

pipcrbr.k i\ sol.l sul,lc.t b thc

(or itlo.

,rs

N'l.rrrrrcrists; Pot paintcrs; Cup painters

SIIAPES AND DATES (;IJNERAL DECORATION
('()11vefltions; lnscriptions; Florals and Ornamcnt; Arrimals and Monsters

20tl

2t2

(lr r97J Thinrcs rnd

Hu(l$r

Lrd, London

S(]ENES OF REALITY
All lt4lhts llcserved. N{) l,rt olthis publicrtion rrrv bc rcpLodrced or mnsuncd n rny lLrur or bv au) ,,,erns, elr.rR,1)i. or rrcL:hnical, iDchrlirg
photocopy, rccordnrg or rn), othcr irfonrrrti,),r

216

stonge

rxl

ren

pcrmissi(,i
l\rtN

I

icvrl

systcnr,

lvitho!t prior
thc publisJrcr.

livcryday life; Fighting; Entertainment, public and l)rivatc; Sport; Commerce and industry; Religion; llisrorical figures
S

wririDg

Ulu

o-ioo-tror:ll

, (; |hi.s

(]ENE S OF MYTH

?,23

P,i,itc(l )rnl l)(,!1nl in Sinlr.rt,,)i.1,\ (1.:

l'hc Gods; Herakles; Theseus; Other heroes; Thc Trojan Cycle; Other figures

Lrgh Athens. ( r) this b()ok thcsc rnartcrs lrc touchcd upoD. rr thcrcforc ro bc sought in thc nruscums ofltaly and thc Wcst rathcr r'' (. thc cxport tr:lde.bcyoncl cvcn \lrlr.r..e can lcan1 of the Pionecrs. r . t}om drc wcsrcnr colonies to Ionil. . .l . In \rl. espccielly in tlrc finc' though fragmcntary dcdicllr.. r lr-ll othcr inlportxnt stuclios ofvlsc paintinc were flourishing in rhc t . . erc thc iDsight it givcs to thc opcration ofe conununily ofcrxfts- i. Thc very widc distribution. t. rli( lrirtrds ofsonic. l rl.\ ...rc intclests end clullitv rvhich this volurrc sccks to docurlrcnt.\ lllc ilt ofprillters on wood or w111..llLl '1. lrr .r1. . . rlevidcncc ofgrclt irnportlnce for non-Classical cLlltLtrcs. r.hich .l I i.rLril. At the cnd of the helf ecrr. .rscs (.l tir)]c wheD thc black figurc tcchniquc rvas blrclv pest its printc arrrl .vly to proviclc i tcxt u.1r rrrr. which remeincd picntiful.ior rrt.r tor of thc Atheniatl pottcry tradc or o rher Athcnilln intcrcsts. r l. Thlt this affcctcd rhc srxtLls ofthc priitur in .. rhc irrtrillsic quality of rl.l r 1.... rl r. .Abbrcviations Notcs and bibliographics List ofillustrations Index ofartists and grouPs Index of mythological subjccts General index 23J 2j6 242 Chapter One 249 250 252 INTRODUCTION ll... offcrs l.1 h.r thc dcvclopnlcnt ofstylc es r.. rr or lr1. l rr. . '. far beyolcl thc Grcck world... and irs painters lnd solvcd problcnrs irr dr.r itsclt.. r. but . rl . lor rlrc rtuc{cnt.rrxrion ofL'erlicr xrtisrs. ...lns r 1rL Acropolis. and. I r. connoisscur ofxncicnt art or iover offinc clrlrvinq.. ol-thc fincr artists.r . onlv conrpcriror was black hgrrc.hich rvls I rl lr lrrrl irr r974. not least.1 ( l)t orr l)aDathcDaic vases. sociel end mytho.1 ligrrrc tcchniquc ofvasc painting lvas ilrvcntccl in Athcus by abour .ullhtsnlanship which werc. \ 1() Ittrlv.vcll ls ol{cring sorlc guidc to rrndcl- . . hrs cnsurcd lor us the glcatcst nul11bcr of complete vescs..1 I . r .. Here ...1 rr (luillity rapidly rftcr 5oo and is no longcr rvorth cotsiclcratiorr xltcr | .rri raised rhc crafr ofvrsc painring to thc status ofa me.rt'(. r'crrains a prilnc solrrcc forrcd figurc.or fisrrlc-dccorated style ofvrsc peinting in Grcccc. It . Athenian red 6gurc stood alorc as rhc 1.rlrrc givcn by thc figure scencs..l to thc handbook on Athcniln black tisure v. thc infornation ofhisrorical.. r . and is also a . r1 .rrnc r. ..rrl.r rrnjor (ircck city... .. and attetnpts ln thc s. Ll L u.. .411/r-FI) u.'r rrorc rliscussed ln this book. r\ \(r'rr\ likcly to judgc lronr what \\. . . bnt the rnaiD attractrons 1. with the possibilitics of its closc detinq. Thc black fiqure artist ExeLias (working abour t . 1lr. r .. Ll.1 1. L r L rrr tl)irt thc pottery. it rcmaincd throtgh the Archaic pc oc{ urltil ovcr . . and .. . .

or thc . .. Brygos.rtinq thc iouicisius Golucholv perrrcr.rgc. Thc subjcct nroves too quickly.L rr lcq tl lrllv irt rcd llgurc lt-ortr about .l..r r l.rll thcsc of llcezlcy's. Sikanos. Eucnporos (.(nr()LrrtaiD_eocl But it is hir.r. . rLrl lrcrcr the possitrlc non-Athcniarl contributior) to thc devclop_ r.\ ( rrusry forcierler' . priepos. ...rred urr thr pro\:ci usc . r.+7o's.vs rcad. Ilr|lx.1 .v to rcvisc in thc light ofneu' cviclcnce or c-xpcricttcuThcrc is no place fo: dogtua ir Classic:rl archacologl.omy. Tllc cohcrcucc ofe qroup ofvxses attributccl to onc hllld [-ly Beazlcy can bc dcrlonsrreted Ly conrputcr rnalysis ofdctail (llbcit sulrjcctivcly chosen) but thc p-tirr of rccordurg the tcns of lhousancls of Athertitu vlscs ibr i con)P[ter to d. $/hcrc lhe tllickcllcd pcrrcil lincs cu inLlicxtc Lrsc of'rclic'f linc' contour Inisscd in phorographs.....Lll toqcrltcr.d to cutcgor-isc. " circlc". frorl rglo on.rtionships rlltv bc dcfincd arc sonlctirrcs clcrr. rr .' lrrll lrc'\'r.. spc]lirrg odditics by IL rrr lro c:rrr Atticisc his uarrc ro Philties) or chc l]rygos painrcr (. signxturcs hclp. r. :rncl rhc critcria by rvhich nlastcr/ptrpil or 8 . . '. with a shott sc. cffcctivcly cournh.adcr. T]lc pallltctrc 1 . .r rrquntcntr b. Thc picturcs erc plcntitirl. inchlclillg lcvcral ''.tlro lrntl or racc Lydos.. lrr:ror \ jn E:rsr (lrcccc.q. Syriskos.rscs clurllor bc caught corllplete end without disrortion in .lc elonc. Pottc. r l. corrposition and chc indeful. .rr ..s. Arnlsis.1.rrrr. Isncnos.ofpottcrs aDd pirinters on v:rscs studicd iu .. r l. though snmll.. Somc tnatters havc bccn dcrlt rvith rlrc:rcly in :11i1:lt . synonyrrrs. .ork attrib[fecl to I pxir]tcr sltows sotrrc coersclinl i. pr..l rh.t \rlrcrrs src|rs qencrlllv itdDliftccl.. arc nrct in Athenian black figurc.r.rblc 'style'. r .rr(l thc Hcrnl neltlcs collttitoocsr in Eist (lrcccc: scveral sccnl | r... phirtias.. rr orkcrl . \.p. I l. ...)rr. .. .. rbrrlery. \\ l! r{ I rc l. had cerued atr ittternational rcputrliorl and authorily rrr this sub. Sikelos... Most fietircs ancl sccncs on v. t..v of red figurc pc.rriily?Atanyratc.thiilninArisrophatrcs). sonrcrillcr n()1.t siusle cenrcrt shot. For r firllcr:rpprccilrliorr ofthc finct vasc\ thc readcr lllust tLlnl to lifc-sizc or cnJ:rrgccl photogrephs iu thc rnore c-\Pcrlsivc tlt books. s t lr is .l.l i . Midas.l . rli ()r rrrrirrtor? Euphr.c'canjuclgc'trorr i:rsc:-iptions. I haifar lcast bclr nenrcs which erc decidcdJy not appropnatc . "uroup"...cr (so far as can bc juclgcd) class. col)rbincd r.l liqlrrc it Athcns. lr:rdthat"lrraDncr"..ltcr lvorL. Srlrikros (TiDy)..ir l. i ) 1lr. "kiuship". bLrr stylisrically it is impossiblc to | . . r.rri\rr. rarcly.l sorlc with foreigrr nanrcs (as Sky. n. \ lr r lrr'r l)oinr.csll . . or to thc sliak ilr-hisl()Iicrl rrcncralisations which nrey sltisll.. Thc p:inciplcs of ittriburiol of vlses to pailltcrs wcrc dcntonsoared by llcirzlc. rirrtcr encl a vesc in his manncr. .'tL-ct thc prinrcrs woulcl rlot bejusli6ccl lry the results. rvhcrc ntotc nrechrnical cornprrisons rtrighr bc possiblc. rr crlu:rl1y clusivc.. Did others'put dorvn thcir Ir' 1..Sr\.rr tirrrilics ofuppcr or lou..r' edoptcd nenrcs Epikrctos ('nerv :rcquired' a shvc nanlc). school ".Lrrd it nccessl: y to poilt out thxr hc ltadc't distitrction bctrvecr u . r. . hithcrro unpublishcd..' r.rrrlcs .. rc1.krr . rL.Thcrrlrrnt'sercinthcDtselvcssuqqcstrvu l .1t.r'1.vith study of posc.olios. | .rrti yc:rr. ) n.. singlc rr lrosc trrililg ciocs ltot sccrll to bc thoroughly Athenian.vas thc ntorc itllporlallt in a r.l .rndnodoubtntillyorltostartislscouldprectiscbor)rcrlfis. bc.r)lt(]r2lr is thc poftcr who requircs thc pcrruancut instellatioD ofe lrl. Soruc .vor k ! L t.1. makcs ilttributior oi thc morc idiosyncratic arrists possiblc cvcD for bcgill1lcrs..lr rl. .Svriskos).'. lhls u.c shall scc.r. and thcsc rre senrplcs 9 . rrr l..... thc stuclcnt rrorc rcrdil-v than they satisty thc cviclclce.good tr.r. Somc dcbt to lonie nriqht sccnr plursiblc lr thc I r .lucl following somc Archalc srylcs into thc Eerly (iJassicel. 1 A1tcrrIptstoshowtharrhcKlcophr:rclcsPaintcrwlsaCorinrhiarr. bascd oll lllcthoLls rpplicd to Itrliru paintirrg by Morclli:rucl orhcr ninetccnth-century scholars. No snu1l part of Beazlcy's brilliarrcc wes his hurnility: brrt lrc suili'recl fools Dol i1t xll. but $'c necd no. Spelling coulci provc t r.irfis uscd :trc c(]1]vcnient btlt llrily lre dcfictivc ill dcrai].. as \\. .rr r iudic:r rion of drc ftiline cycsieh t ofntiddlc . . I L. ( l)l in thc rlraftcl oltthc ntac:utdcr lud squarc pattc'rns \vhich had a . on his dcath in r97o.r1is.). lvho r.rtcl u. x]though it can be clorrc lor:r sinslc monurrrcnt rvith rcperirive ligurcs by dillcrent hands (as ir thc Pcrscpolis rclicii. dou'n to rhc.. 1 . th( \ouns p. clrcss rvhich.. but wc caDrlot point to atl). (pIofiteblc'). Thc conrcnt of this book covcrs thc Archaic period. .irrriteriorr"...4BFFI and this l' .vorkshop.. This is no scrious fault ofdcsign sirrcc in lifc cycs and herrds \. Skythcs. rc'fi-rrcd to i tcrrDittcltly in this book and in ABll-1.ject urrrivallcd in the history of Classical schohrship. . And rvls ntoved to mlkc a dcdication for good h. .r rrcccl bc onlv bricfly rehearsccl hcre. Mvs: othc'rs bclr rrrrucs approprjatc clscwhcrc or .v cluericd corlclusiorls which hc rvas hirlsclf ah. rvhcrc thc cyc cotrld lclrievc thc satuc rcsults yct quickcr)... It r .. alc ullikcly to bc convirrcinq...1 . i . It dcpcrcls on obscrverion aucl cotDplrison oidctails anal....v Circck loblc i1n1ilics_ Wc have sonrc hundrcd and Therc rre othcr spccill proble[rs in thc srud.src.rinrcr.rLrl( ro lollurr . . rr(.thcs) sccnls ro irdicrtc a fi. .. . L).1.. \ru r. Thesc cheptcrs incvitably rcly hcaviJy orr thc writirlgs ofSil John 13cazlcy rvho. l havc uscd clrawiugs ofvescs wherc sonrc details or wholc sccrlcs:rrc bcrtcr prescntcd lhis lvay. I r\t (ircck inflrrctcc'in orltcr arts. rrlr"l.l . .r)) lirrcisu nalncs c.ry l. ard thc stucly of profi1c' dctails pituecrccl by Protissor Bloesch Tht reJationships of pottcr lo plinlcr.. or io thc vilscs thcnrsclvcs iD public collcctiotrs.. shapes lrrd clccorerion as ftrli-v ls possiblc. Horv objcctivc is this? It rnight not satisf-v thc ncw archac'ologist. Paidikos ('bov nrad')..).1 . aithough I l. but . ..rl. Sonlc of rhc oldcr drlr.:lrh. lor clinging to convcnicnt rsscrtiors. l...' Not:rll \rLrdLrlts wrll bc. ulc rror.ur rr^\i't. choscrr ro illtrstrittc stylc.rr(.ur)c\ in a icr. . l{ercs. I have scldotlr dcvi:rted lronr thc ordcr of iris lists or hesitatingl.v in scvcril of his errlicr articlcs. " influcncc ".strr)dinla xrr(l cni(Jvrr)q thc fiqttrc sccucs. oo.1. mr r.r rrrrt .rsheurccl thet u'e carr usc otlr cycs:rs cllccrively as our illsrrlrlllcrlts. I r .va. Thc rolc of rhc nletic popuhtior in rbc arrrsrre . \..

v scizcd.r l)rorrrcss rves inrpossiblc. c\ccpt tlrut it rves cesicr lbr lhenr dren fbr cirizc'ns. rrrl tht r.rck ligurc u.r.r p:rle backgrornld. :rotabl. or p()ssil)l\i . thlt rvc shlll tuln fbl all cxplenatiorl ofthc inception of rcd figtre irsclt'. Thc proccls nrxy prob:rblv bc bcst undcrstoor. Thls mclnt black-peintcd .c lo irltclttPt indivicluel Chapter Two thcir c)r1ostlrcs.1 . dcclinc inevitable. outline drarvn flqur-cs vu. .. .ru .v s:rys that belorc.. r.. an Athcnian in u. lr. wc nlev h:r\'"c iitcrlrv rcfcrcDccs lo thc \\. r. thcrclore Lntc Archaic.tttlltt1. llor.1 lisurc.vea: s in Athcrls wc cllllllot Pretencl thal any nlrrral srylc wxs vct iulltLcrrriel. IJLrt rccclll discovcties of Atchaic (ireek plintirrq in tonrbs in lta1. r'.Polygnotos. an Athcnian sculptol who workcd xbout 53o jIo...judgc thc dil-lircncc ill !rxtLls ilnd origills bcrrvccrl thc artisrrls elrcl o ly. shou]d wern us thet it is in this rncdiunr. r Iickcd out rvirh brolcl urasscs of colour..rsc of black fiqure.1l.. This is l pcriod tbt r. end this is rlldc clcar by lr i. Thc sort ofllLlc forcshortcli g ofrvholc linrbs rvhich a larcr critic \\.nr plt. thc clctail in.. rrr. rnd ifu.l. r'ibrnq rhc prcpar aljon ofa rcd fiqln e vasc.t rtttt \ttirl ..vhlch.)llowinli half ccntur.t.r lcrtelc flcsh. Look :rr thc lisl ofkelos nrnrcs fr otrr rhc sxruc virsc\. t ltl' R.r]) md Lycia (Elrrrrli Ir. Thc portcr lilrcls ovcr thc r r. rvith llrgcr 6gttrcs end the grcalcr rcalistu of .vpc. howevcr.r () the printcr in il cilicd.l r. fathcr ofAllrcnor. tlr 't''lr.ere prcfcrrccl. . I rtl11t.r peint or suriitcc prcplrxtion but thc furror.v./ hvr.lirv sround rvith lincrr dc'tail pairrrcd r-rpon thclll a:rd rhc beckgror-rrrcl trllLrl ir rvirh bhck.r . q 'tt.r1rposed to hlvc improvcd orl rhe Nork of Eurnaros..rck. '... r rc this wxs:rn csscnlilllv Athctrien lchicvcrtrcnt virtuellv irll thc figurc. ncar brittlc condition. Rcd figutc is thc .l' .oulcl prc' rl.rcccc.v ofbleck 6gnrc. r1 . lor thc llrsr time iu Greek rrt. r )r.rck fisure arrists \{er. Thi\ i\ rr()l tl)( flir. so cithcr thc vasc prirrrcrs wcrc filling short of 1{itllon's achicvclucnt or wc dillc Kirrorr rerhcr too carlv. t'th t'itrtt.c turdcrsttttd Pliny) and rcaiistic totrcllcs irr drcss rniltoruy (vcirrs).rr bl. Thc piintcr ttrty drcn sk*ch thc outliucs ofthc inrenclccl clccor.irr cxccutcd in the'black figurc ' techniquc.t "141t..r.t ltt. It is to l diflcrcnt ilrt. Thc-se itrc subscqucrrrly covcrccl l.1sc Peilltcrs bul rva11 paintcrs.1 n t re sccorcl halfofthc fifth ccnrur. end its origurs.r lv onc hurldrcd yeers ail rhc figruc dccoration on Adrcniar I pottcr. rvrs iuvented in Athcrrs. t tn.1 l.. Hc rvls sr. . Uur fiis dicl uor nlcxD rhc cnd of I Lrr prir)titlq on vasc's sincc by etrout 53o u<.. whcrc you find h:rrclly e sinqlc nantc ofthis t. Thc fincst oithe \ I . Thc tnaitr influcrtce of tltc grcat llLlralists on vlsc p:rinti[t ir l:rtcr then Ar'chiic.dltrltt t ' 'liat tltL p rtt!. Thc tcchniquc hld sltisficd Corinth for even Jouscr.'red I .1.y r r rg succcsscs rvirlr hcr porrcrv which ensurcd that bl. ro . lcathcr herd. thit \\.. li) rhc vicwcr thc cllcct of rhc chrngc is rclclil. r tlrc surfice rvith e blturt instrtrncrt rvhich lc-eves light lurror.t. . . lncl rhis rcviteliscd rhc crafi.ork artcl stvlcs oa p:Lintcrs nol v. rlilcd.lcaessors Plir.ves p1:rin.v (P.c drould expcct rnljor edvanccs irl conlposlliorr ro bc lchlcved. Lackiog errv rccold of nrejor rvall p:rintings ofthcse .. whcrc bcforc thc backgror.rrr. ofwhat rhe techniquc coulcl rrl"... btlt thclc irc a fcw l:rtc collllllcllts on their Prc. ar1 aitcrltetivc tcchllicluc.rcsrLrm lr.rtcc1vlscs in thc (lrcck rvorlcl ofthc flfrh and fourrh ccrrru cs lrc Athcni. .. lrLrt thc outline drarvn srylcs rvcrc by uo mcaus fbrgoftcn.rucl thc Iisurcs bl. bclbr c wc trrrrl ro thc edv:rrtirgc\ r.ls rnd scvct!h-ccrltrrry Attica. at $()rk irr rhc rhircl quartcr of the sixth rr Lrr'. and thc lirnits. but lor rhc Athcns-inspired South Iralier scltools rvhich starr work Thc_v eclricvccl thc hcishts.vs. bur rr rr rs irr rnen) weys rcstlicllvc and iu othcr palrs of (.is cl)otlqh lllillht lcqLlirc or chirllgc nrctics or slilvcs vct known xboLrt ll()w utrrl rvltctr their nanrc\. It rvrs probablv Oorinth's lr lrr red figure technique 1. Figtrrcs and piittcrtls arc rcscrvcd in thc colour ofdtc '. thc parrrrcr Kinrorr of Klconli introducccl fbreshortcnirrq lrrd tlucc-cltllrrcr faccs (if l)lrnv undcrstood thc lurld THE FIRST GENERATION tcrlt aright.rnd r.ould havc lloticcd is nol chlracleristic of Archaic rccl fignrc. it I' r ' th. ir rrllc\ witlr inciscd li:rear detail and edclccl rcd ald rvhitc frrr dctails ofhait.l lirnitarlons of thc tcchniquc.".c-\plarl:ttiorls.zl).l Lry . r.v rhc ' l. Unlikc bleck t.rrcorl rvhich wolllcl burn out in thc firire.ltonr sorttc hlvc scen Eultlares. II .s urc gcncrelly still clclc(tlblc '. but still .

.lincs rvc're rctlrri: cd. thc bristle has Do ptirt oD ltt Lrppcr cdgc to fill irr bchirrcl thc.crc bccoruing lrlorc caslly rcconcllccl but rhe rnlcom pronlising !wo-dinlensionel clualiry of irhck figtrrc.) llclici linc is so iruporrerrr in earl-v rccl 6gurc rlret. ID othcl irll\ rlrc claims of pattcrn and of anatorrricel pleusibility u.. bcc:ruse it rves fairly rurrn. . When lir1l thc Iinc is solid. Thcrc rvcrc other obvious aclvtntlgcs irr thc nerv tcchrricluc. :. Scholrrrs hrvc lonr: spccllletcd abotrt horv thc rclir..lint S ito t-t Sith in Tr.ving intclsir. rlot tricks. r rvord about it is callcd for. (Scc rhc fig. picking orrr thcir figur es in lincs of vlr . TMb Nhtrry rt llb nli linc oltcr sr:rrts solid. Florlls.lllc drervn b.virh r longitudintl gtoovc.:rsc' sLrrl-ucc. or et lcrsl closcr to lile than thc unrcllislic bl. Il can bc sccr) thrl thc t . lrtl thc pot is rcad.rck figurc ilrtists uscd this to cliviLlc thc toDqllcs of clccorillivc friezcs aucl firt spears or st. Thc bl.rr or honcv-colottr_cc1.v at lirst. lcrvingrrrl rrrinor rouchcs oilclclccl colour firr thc cuc1.rcs lrc rot dcscribccl in thls volurnc. es \vcll as . This had rroublcd bhck frgurc :rrtists to(). on p. The bhck f-iqlrrc qraver rney hevc becn casicr-lo usc thall l brudr firr rrtirriarurlst dctlil. to whortt rvc orvc nllrch in drc cltlclclxtion ancl clcrl1orsrretion of (ircck potriD!l tcchniqLlcs. Mr Noble.Thc 6gtrrcs rvcrc now litclikc. cotrld not lccr.t hcrvy'bristlc rip.v rs brushwork. ' ''ll ''l r clctails. llut (lrcck tcchnicirl irr_lislry is chlr-actc:iscd bY lroublc-.v prcprrccl slip peirrr. rve11 fid b1'rrost cercfirJl. sLrggcslcd th:rr x s-vrittSiJ clcvlce of rc:uc sort was uscd. irltercst rrs cllcctivel.vccl fur.v and il a 6uc liIrc so littlc slt orr drc vesc ther thc rc'strit rvrs pllc br ou. shrrPcrrirg the outlirrcs of 6gurcs (rvhcrc nrely black fiqtrrc ullisls inciscd).lirc vcly dillicult co-ordirrrtion "i prcslLlrc:1nd movcttrcrt ltrtcl cerrnot c\plairr thc rcllcflto-!lroovc Phclrorltcrlon sltislictorily. elthough pottiig rcchrriclr. Thc outli:rcs ilrc lllcr Llrilu. This sulely i:nplics. ucl ior enatouricll or clrcss oticr qivc c'.lrcl bordc'r pattcrns rvlll elreetlv h:rvc bccrr ellor. thcn thc dcteils ofdrc llgLlrcs. hcsitantl.hal hatl bcor thc liult oi thc thinncr pllnr erd rhcy nsctl it still fbr nriror linear-dcteils. Thc nozzle would rcqr. arld soon a lrcr rhe lrid sixth ccrtul )' il diBcrulrt nrixrurc of peint:rncl rncens ofepplyi:rg it r. cnrpryirr!1.v ibr frrirg..r black grouncl thcy stooLl sharplv dcfrnccl or the vesc.ritlf must havc bccn vcry drick :rnd not c'nsy lo rurr olFa brush.)lnllroclrte thc lrcr'l. cncls r. lncl lltc brckgroturcl is fillcd irr. sincc othct u. or tllat it hecl velLlc in:urv orher-clafi.rck..isc rhc thrrrnt l pairrr did not llwiys lclvc r clcerly detincd cclgc. Nor is it clsy ro bclieve th:rt black figurc arrists hed invr'Dtccl sttch an iDstrurrrc1ll rrrcrcly to drrrv pettcrn Lror_dcrs lnd spcats.rfls. luxtaposrng frorrrll rnd profilc palts ofrhc body. Thc red ligurc ur tjsts usccl it.r..idcrcc lirr poses or cotuprrsitiotrs altcrcd irr tlrc paintirrg..lthi .n in r linc or blncl ol black paiut. Bur the-\ soon :rlsr> rccorlnisccl thc velue of r.l rt l\1t:tnt 1. t 1. not bl:rck.vcrc inverrrcd ro prodtrcc l 'rclici linc' of irtcnsc bleck l. cspcci:l]ly whctl lincs of clilfc'rerrt t2 .)l tit. but rn all othcr rcspccts thc brush oflcrcci i1cutcr ticcLlolll.hich stoocl proutl of rhc' r. Io.l. t'tukt \t. ancl lgrirr't .'t lirrc'u'rs ntlc{c slllcc rhc slip l.v.1rcxs of rvash or nrottlccl cllicts on :rnilrrl skins.v tirc tip.6ury lriE( rt D. The ordiuary blaclt brorvn gloss prtint \rJ:ls not vcrv c'iicctivc rvhcrt firtc l-51 lrrcl ..

.1.lr r .". u.. rn this cr:rti..ctth-ccutur y Crclan vascs r. llrcal1t thar evcD rhc sirrplest Pcr'lPcctivc wes rlot iltcmptccl.: fo..l .. rl rr. brrr this:rPpc.rs pollcrs'Lluxrtcr. Alrothc'r.rlo. 1r.ur. 1. Rccl figure rrrinus thc eddcd colours gives thc ..rerv tcchniquc.oticcupc-\tcriorsh:rrcsrechniqucs... 1. .'.rr.rg.*tl.rrtl lt en imporrant pcriod oftrensition in Grc'ek ert..rrNrr.t il is orr vlrsc-s thitt we first scc that accllrxtc obscrvatioD ofthc cffcct r.r '.hich. tlre trsc o1-hook motiti lirr collar boncs or:rnklcs.l r0.c'c st:rlclscizcs and exploits dresc rrcw trcDds . rvhilc thcrc rvus:t lctrtlcncy to dcPict gods alld hcrocs es yollnger ltlld so bclrdless. r rLrr. . and this produccs sonlc urduly skinny fillgers. lir\l()riirrr rhet artists ofdisriDction chose ar rhis rinrc to ply thcir trirclc .". Tltrec ofthc bili:rqull IJ t4 . l..rrr .tic... but rhc eppcllellcc oi or.1rc n'hcn thc b:rckgrouncl is 61lcd rI.. . w"rl. and rhc l' .:.lrrrictl thc bl.rck ground \\'as rlcw. r .rLr ]lrcising 1..4'rcanlc in dillcrcnt u'irys.r'hich arlticipatc thc eH':ct 1ll a prirrritirt rvry. . Thc blrrck fiqrrrc work can bc rccognrsc'd on a rLr r.ouncl urrd rrlr.'r.ttlured ft. l. . r lrt.r .rur rclicf liiezes which c.li sonrc lnitial dil1rcultv throtrgh not a11owirlg fbr the tlrickllcss ofrhe colrrour Lrrc. lr t rr rr rrri.Lck ligurc altisr. C)bvioos cxxtnl)lc\ ... On the Siphnien Trcesury at I)c1phi wc ir. r65 Q.r.vith thc r. I \ Llr.rllrnerk of rlte sculptor's qreduation fronr thc Arch:ric to the Ear11.4BIH 6es_ t61.c havc to look tto furthcr than x coglllllc art form ah'vays closcly lillkcd r'vith thrt oflinc drerving md possibly ptacrisccl by the saue artists relicfsculpturc' It u. ar)c1 in so:ne rcspccts hc sccrlls cvcn to l. Thc conrp:trison r'villr sculpture rn:r. Wr Ir. I .hiclr .. Thc dilllculty er-iscs whcn conlpalrlsoll:j:rrc attcl]lptcd r.rit.theothcr .g.l. lrowr t() \l)ow a ccntrc rib.lLr l)rrintcr (. namcd fbr tllc portcr lbr rvhonr hc rvorkcd.. r. .Thtts' Dlucll ofthc lincxr clct.rrrlcl haldJy hevc startcd his carccr r.rrtrl in e very ruclirtrcutary fcrrlt (bctween Antlios' storlrrclr l. onc side bl:rck figure [-z].v lhc A1]llsis Pamtcl. rrrtrc of sixtlr-certury sculpture.r irl fiqrrrc by oul printcr is so vcry rrruch a sirrplc nc'eativc ofbhck I rlr rt hc nrusl hlve bccr I black figure p:rinrcr by trairrurg.. decidilg r. Shallou rclicf sclrlplLrrc wxs plrpular in Athclls. Thcsc wcre al1 lirnitttions applrcnt to rhc peinter.rtt."ntio.l. :rnd r'r'as clilTcrently iirsPilcd. trot ePparcnl to lri]lr.ut t.ri. irr rhe whitc nltrble.cc-dimensior.l r. \\'rs ellct ofthc bleck grountl rvhich rer:rovcd all possibillry ofr-cnclcring clepth oificld and lr.lr oi-thc drift ofwcight or to oncleg rvhich. or thc tDiDor lLrsclcs atortncl lIrccs..l figut" ntotc . . 53o 5t5) is thc firsr knorvrr pr..t r.lr r.rtt bl..lclirlorlcr trrll rcd lirure techniquc. anolhcr hrs bleck figr-rre .ci of. or by rhc shicld rim on lz6El).Ll arlluntc11t ageinst it is that thc first rccl 6..rrc sidc rcd fiEurc.. rvilh only lcaturcs or clrlpcly pickccl out ii. tllosl [ccclltly b. It is fortunxtc L l. r l(). so thcrc is a tcrlclcncy to kJep ligurcs apr: r.. ol othcr wholly black 6gurc vascs atrribllred by ljcazlcy to thc I r 1. Thc figurcs st:rnd spor-lighted oll il lllrro\v stxqc' Murrlisls of thc Classicll p". r' llirrtrl lz to] rvc havc at lcast fourtccn amphorac alld tu.. tllc ctlcct is to ntekc thcrrr look ntorc likc tltc . although thcrc ere I fcrv " nrid-scr.ho lvould plobably havc worked ou e pllc backgr. figtt. When palrctrc lclvcs. rr.o artists or_only onc wes involvcd. r.r . end it rlight bc t'iir to rcild irr sorllc ofthc ao."s . i11d L I 'i rlrL rc rlso clisplay thc bJ:rck figurc techniquc .. whitc fcnralc.-. no lcss practiscd irr rclicfwork rvhcr.rlnrcrlt oistotDlch ntusclcs. Thcrc r..rr)tcl)sil) c()ul(l be rlsctl.o cups..rl)lc.intccl thc dlrk b. r"hitc backgrouicl lnd in rhcir u'ork lay thc possibilitics of proglcss.rlr. . Ir [right be cDottgh to cxplarll thc ncrv figurcs ill tcrnls of'sirnplc ple sibiliiy .rlisr r.".tl. btrt th':'ir' p:rllltilrgs hxvc ]1ot sttrvivcd cxccpt itl ancicllt rcports o1 Rollltll copics lrr thc lii-.'bcc'll lcss clivcrlacncc bctu'ccrl thc aPpcar:rncc of black 6gurc lnd tuqor paittting. r l) \ ( r'\pcctccl sonlc xtt.r)r)rir)rs P.c 1. .hcthcr irl tict t\\. in thc c'arly filth ccnttry.r1.lr . rlr.cr r l.-'." nol hxnrircrc'd in rhis rvly bccxtlsc thc\ rrseri r thc r r: Lltc r ccl 6gurc utist tcnclcrs irr roundcd olrtlitles.r.r.rl (llov'r ohv-rvrtion ofanatonly pattc'rDs had becn a prosrcsrive .lost lo thc 69r.. uotably orl tlrc grxvc slclei.rl c1li.samc cffcct. thc rclief blckgrounds to bc pailltcd dlrk red or' bluc. rvhich he ticcd and o\.cl .il in rcd ftgurc scenrs to indi'atc col]tolrr rithcr th:rll t() clelirltt ercas: rvhat thc black figurc artist would dclilrc in streight intcrsrerirrq .. . md on a fcw stclli whcrc the Egurcs arc only Pf.r ofgravcstonc o: architecturc. Hc chlrgccl his mind rrrorc tharr r . . r. r . l)ut to cxplairr thc clark backg*""rd u..six anrphorlc arc 'bilin- ll rl dctlil. \. i . .L rrtegrouncl) orlrhelipl6l. p. I S() u'c cul obscrve herc rlrc dcvcloprtrcnr ofa craft rvhich rvas to bc in .Wlrh no colour llld lcss pattenl conrpositrons ofovcrlapptng figures u'ou1d be cotllusing. Onc gencr.\ llrc dlauqhtsnrall ofrcd Eglrrc Outlirc cltarving ill vnsc pailltin!5 had bccn practiscd inrcrnlittently irr sixth-ccltlu v Alhcns. r.R (workirrr r.. :rs for rhc rulcts lr'3].r\scs rnd hed bccr usccl spl:ilgly by bllck ligLrrc:rrti\rs..'n]pts at shrdirlg to rcrrdcr rciicf. lrv... rlirrr()lt! poscs and compositions cou)d bc exccrrtcd then in fr.n t ion and Experimenl lr.r". hou'cver.rrr.r'y thcrc nrey hev. *t. Ihc sirnplc [rlrck =rnale.. I .Scjr is pele rcJlethcl then bltck. and rvhcn a ccntrc pallllcttc lcxl .icr.r .1 to ovcrlap its eucirclinlr tcnciril 139 rj the tht.v go clccper.as corurlou pr".]. incorsi(lcr. xs wc shall scc.llr be closcly detccl to littlc bcfbrc izi n r: ancl givc ln exccllcrrr idel of rhc figurc work wllich cerr leadily bc mrrchcd on thc clrliest red 6gurc vascs lt 4l.. .. . cotlscious ittlitetion of Iclicf r'volk. rxthcr thrn. 'I hc linlitario s oithc new lechDiLluc wcrc llol' Lowcver. tnd il wxrj colllillg to occuPv lrlorc important Positiorls oll rl.. lcaving rl. r sinriler sccncs cxecuted in thc two tcchniqucs....raccpt..ntr \ ( P rr rr of [.i1cirrgr.l r..1 .rcksroLlr)d ls kupl.. scx dillcrcrrrirtior] wes qorrc xDd clctiils ol_ drcss or hair stylc do not alw]ys prove dccisir c. liglrrc only within. Sonrc ofir is harclly nlol c th:1r1 carcful lirrc drawing relrclcred irr lorv rclicf. so txr xs lve canjudgc' Rccl 6gurc'reprcsenls a positivc brcak rvith peillting tr:lditjons. L)r two! but this is a solution lvhicit nt:uty othcr scholxrs havc found it lil .. .

rrvcrttoredfiqureiLnddccorxtcsilbhck6gurencck. Frout tlrc sr. Hc copies sotnc of his subjccrs too. hcncc the fr.r.'.alnphoric prcscrrt virrlrirlly thc sarnc sccrrc on cach side. Knec caps ere favotrrcd for display of pattcrn.4I|IH 6gs. lrr'l lrcd trcatrrent of thc stornech.'s. Thcre is thc sanre problcm of tcchnique ill rcd figrrc. . in whet nrighr . 'We nriEhl wondcr what part Exckies l.r. [rsrax r r r sl siens two alabastra madc by Hilinos and his hlnd is r-ccosniscd on . On rhe Boston amplror. ). In black figure thcrc was )1o grcet difiiculty in scratching i slnglc . ' r .rs very dclibcratcly covcring his traces atrd dcrnonstrating diffcrcnccs.lrcLl. Thcse are drarvn cxceptionally . lrut rvidr thc figures confircd to thc ncck. bur did hc p-rint all thc black figure ol his bilingual vascs? As in rll such problcms ofattribution thc arrswcr lies in stucly of derail and in stttdv of themc lnd cornposiri. bllck 6gurc mastcr E-xckias in wholt wc ntay recognisc thc Andokirlcs I' rtir''s rcrchcr. The black figurc. Thc Altlok irlcs l'rnl.'. . .r thcy are rcndcred usuxlly as a swcl1i1g Cupid's-bor.1. '.k figlrlcs orr rhc lip ofthc Nerv York anphora [6]. I68-7r) hrs ll (()rrrplrisorls bcrrvccn the Siphnian Trcasury lriczcs [1. Oncc thc solution rvts for-rld both typcs could appclr on onc vxsc. ra. .l irr thc iuvcntion ofrcd frgurc.r\cs rncludins :rrnphorac nredc by thc porrcr. but his bJack 6Eurc ncvcr clrops irlto outlinc drau..s morc inlcrcst in snlallcr shapcs. Hc was an i:rnovetor irr rcchnicl-rcs lncl . rhe body b1ack.Hc rvls l rLst . r I on thc Pelcrnro cr-rp. .r. bur the ellecr is partly cluc to his coI- 17 .n On thc lattcr scorc identity is almost total similar prcoccttPatiolr wlth certrlll Herekles sccncs and similar lreatnlent of thc[r (tlcw rvays lvith thc lion. r r pr cparc'd rvhitc grolurcl tlot thc rcd cJl. thc incised lircs in bhck figurc bcine brirtlc and 6nicky. This may all sccnr rn cxcrcisc in trivitlitics but no cxcusc is rcquired for trying to cstablish thc identity and achicvenent of rhe invcntor of rcd figure.. Thc L.r rl [urtcrns ol1 his l'ases erc sti]l blrck figurc. alrirnals. irrc othcr biJinguisrs aud inlovetors to be considcrcd hcrc. end rechnical introvlrtiort nccd not qo hud il .r. nrost ofhis bilinguals arc latcr (abolrr s20) \\ i . r. Thc drcsscd meles arc still closc to thc dnrrvrrrr: . ntuch usc to makc ofanltonric:rl clctlils MLrr lr lr.q. l). The rcd figure on orhcr bilillgu:I1s so closcly ntltches the black figrrre of thc ' Lysippidcs Pei:rtcr'(.v knecling.lrr tirr xl1 short linc ch:rnging dircction ofcurve four tintcs.. r r..rgnrcntation of thc plttcrn inro tr. r \. Hc shor. expclilllcnttl lDd sho$trrL I r r( (()lrtour through clrcss rvith less emph:rsis or1 col()ur or pattcrn. lrics likc Hcrakles holding a bundle of spirs urcl clriving a bull to sacrificc I rl () scrrrc sccncs likc thc l3aigncuscs ofl4l. and hc is not vct sure ibout )cttirrg tlrc l.lrr1.t. I)rcss Lrlls to S-cllrvins hcnts... \Vith the details of clrawing thc ans\\'cr i\ les\ clclrl. tllrL ziqzaq lolds oflatcr rcd figurc. whorn l]crzlcy r . and thcsc arc criteria on \\. l1tl-rough the arca ofthc long lobe is the saD1e. ornarncnls b!1t thc l1rinor anatonrica] dctxils which so oftcn provc dccisivc in attribLltion Prcscllt problcrns. and free usc ofincision to outlrnc black arces of hair.s. lr llcs phyins: f zl end. rtr.lr . . and his rvork hc shoulcl hiivc startcd pairrrrrrg rccl figurc about j3o.irls as rcaclily as rhat .. Apart lror1r the ll r.4BFH 6gs. . l. lvc scc thc lullv l. ioo. thc xlnount of r6 Ir. thc divisiorr is usually omitted or bercly hintcd at [3] rvhilc the inncr merkings ofthc car arc rendcrcd in short lincs. rlrirg of thc fcbrilc clcga[cc of the Antlsis Printcr.rlikc hclmcts. so.v alorc. r.rr. . . His clrccr bcsnr 'rr r r \lors.vo long hooks r. On thc black figtLr.. whcrc thc tcchniquc chanees in nrid fiqurc (. r.H figs.rrrc ofhls contcnrporrrics.1 \\ irh hish artistry. or our urlisl w..u t tlr.. Hc used rvhitc qroulld i.. ro].rpc. vct on thc Ncw York lnrphora. rrccs. onc ofthc carlicst....hich Paintcr attribution is bascdThe ornancr-rt on the viscs is all still black figurc and the influclce of thc oldcr techniquc is sccn in the llvish use of pattcrn ol dress. rd4.4] that thcy arc rcscrvcd i:r thc nclv manncr... With a stilfbrush it was almost irlpossiblc.rLrccr r'ycs ofbleck fisurc men arc rcpllcccl by rhc uniscx llrlouci sh.ork (.. lhc rcd 6gurc is lhcacly bcyond thl.r|. with Kcrbcros. LlrLursclvcs lnorc as thcy rvould havc lppcarcd rn black figrrrc or thc Si-\ rtlLrc .r rr()r c conscious denronstrition of rhc rival stylcs drarlaticellv juxtlI .4BFHfig.. especiall.t rl.. lrit\.4tsFH I . ii'asting rvith Athcue: . so thc Audokidcs l)atntcr did paint black figurc.. Andok-idcs (. but hcrc thc bodics .rrdccl:rs thcncw stylc.l.v shapc: on thc rccl flqurrcs by trvo lorlg hooks [.lr'rl lccl. I rc Ardokiclcs Paintcr's themes show lcss e clrangc in subjcct than in mood .urrphor:rtbrAncio'. .'.B1. r6i 3). On Lhc othcr vuscs thc cliffercnccs:rrc so qrcat thlt eirhcr a dilfercnt hend u':rs nt rvork. with the pupil bercly shiftc'd towards rhc front.r)r)tourS show through. r6z-3) that idcrlrir) scems assurccl. llut on [8] thc red figure kncc rcsembles thc black figure and whcn wc rcflcct on thc dilierencc of rcchrriclttc thc divcrgcnce ir cxpl:rincd...r rs Llnccrtain ebout hou. Thc black 6gure ears show lobe and antitrlgtts es tuo lill cr-1rvcs.l.st cLlp l5l.. or carJicst rccl figurc rvirh tin | | (rtcs er1cl spiky lotuscs Irz]. Then look at ears.r \lrll tiorrt:rl. 9].llrt rniqhr havc bccD his reacher.r rrlr ltrllcr crrrphasis on iudivicl-ral figurcs. Mxnv featurcs rre . They rargc f'rorrr treditional rnyth.r rvirh Flcreklcs und l bull thc corrcsporldcnce is closc: [6] and ABI:H fig. . such as thc Aj:rx:urd '\.vhich is eerly. I rLr.r bilirrgual r 1l rrrrl Melor.hich also morc closcly rcscmblcd thc trcarmerrt of musclcs above artd bclow thc cap in reliefsculprure. lying or rhrowing [7. His \\ork irr drc trvo lcchDiques is closcly r.. .4. bctwccll body and shicld.

vith rccl figulc.4B FH p. but the beckgroulrcl is not blackccl ur and it is sonrcwhat lercr. thcir cycs oftcn nlrrorv..On a rccl figure plaquc. catch on. is signific'rrrt lucl cxciting.H fig.2. with ncat. r06). whosc-florr/I is J20 J ro Ir 6.t . r 71.T'his cxtreme colorrr rcalisrll dld not. 11ot.rnttuL Ajd. but hc wls no lonqcr:r youth lrnd this is not Thracien drcss. alcl a pllquc lvhcre whlre grouttcl is used in a sirlrilar manucr.l al 'j . rethcl bighcadcd fignlcs. but ir is rrndcniably cllectivc whcrc thc scx contrlst. fo:' 111 the frgurcs.vhite sroutrcl vlscs rvhich indicatc thit hc wxs prlitlting still iu ebout jro/ioo..rnd Pionccr rccl fignrc within.cr") lncl wherc'scholxls havc sought to ltssocietc thc llourted archcr irr northcrn drcss lr7] \\ith thc youDecr Milriedes.otha cup 15rlhas outlincd figurcs on while srouncl outsidc. t . Lr lcrl figLrtc hc r'vlts bclrel at drcss than anlltollry.rtcr vicw though hc lr-ics to rwist thc trailing lbot to:r liolltal aspcct. xs thc Andokidcs Parntcr did. A) I'f th.1. Anothcr important bilinguist is Paseas (forttrerly callccl thc Kerberos Paintcr). A dokidrs l. although it rnight havc passcd as such in Athcr-rs. Mjltiaclcs is only nanlcd ls kalos herc. bul cxrensivc use ofthis tcchnicll]e is to be rcscrvcd fbl tl-rc frtih century. Stray cxPerilncnls iPpcar o1l ln Acropohs cup lragrncnr r. We nright havc cxpcctcd rnorc expcrittlctlt widr purcly olltlirrc driwinlj ol1 l rcd o[ \\. latcr victor at MarxthoD. rvith e tbndncss fbr:rrchcrs Ir. r8 il . sct higb fortards.ltitc gronud.tes.l It ]t 'a l> a a a !) !l !a tl tl It i) l& \> i B(lly n \nud (Typ. r7z) and it is for iri. ovcrdoing thc' bclly contorrriru lirr his lilling \vtrlior on ll5l and quite firiling thc thrccqu. AB1.'1BFH Ir 6] which gavc hinr his sobriquct bc'forc hls truc nalrc wes discovcrcd p. applrcndy. or on the Oxford Platc \\ircrc Miltiades is praisccl (thc lctlcrs escaPc ihc c. Prscts'bleck fiqttrc is on $'hitc ground pl:rclucs rraclc lor dedication on thc Acropolis (ABI-H fig. Hc is free . lvarriors irr :rction ol 1e-rvirr.jcct rnay sccttr odd for:r clcdicatory lrlxque. .l' alt . His rccl figurc work' nrailrly on cups and pl. is canonlcal for cup peintcrs ofthc pcriod.sciolrs:rttcnrpl t() trilrrslirlc n)rllc ofthc ncw rcd fiqurc nrilnl)ers jrlto thc nldcr tcchDiqUc.\ . i-.hc uses white srouncl also.lcrths. whe:-c thc semc rvhitc-rcd scx colouring is uscd.o: k lrr cl ir is his r. Apo1linc.j homc. and uscs addcd rvhitc fbr soltlc clclails a bo\\'stlilllr. . ancl hc shows a rcsiclual illterest in colour al1d pattern This s]rorvs wcll on thc BostoD plitc (.olour r'vork and relatiouship ro Psiax rhxt hc is namcd hcrc. lll ordinary black figurc gol goncioll u'ithiu. bttrjust for thc rvoIllcn who arc bclrrg lllildc lovc lo vigorously by nten those flcsh is lcft in thc rratural rcd Thc sttb. Hc l)ay not htvc stavcd rvith red figttrc to the cnc1. atrd aclclcd cley rclicf tbr :t! ground in black fi gurc u. rvho rn thesc ycars was opcrxtinq irr Thr:rcc. Fronl rllc c:tlly ycars of rccl figurc therc is a c[p irr Adolphscck Ir9l which offcrs simplc oullinc in the vcry cerlicst rcd figurc rnxnller on thc oLrtsicle. rnd rrlhcr l:rtcr thc (. t o1-).Hc uscd a rvhitc tcchniquc (scc . thc beckgrouncl coral-rcc1 irstced ofblack (arrd so I parallcl usc to tlrat with black figurc irr Exekias' hnrous cup .l' .r.l t at D alt u'ith incision lol bltir end \vcllpolrs. xs in thcsc sccllcs. l o6) : thc Six Prectiscd likc t:rils or \\.{} . His relrgc of subjccts is r-rnambilious l)iouysiac.rd A illa pttry .vct il rcctrrs on onc frorn thc AcroPolis I I B].

lvhik frcnd. A doLid\ Pdldl j.')'--ri'\ t.tt )tt u thr.1 ( l ypt A) lry th( A dokid5 Pdinnr.ff"r.lLy dnphoro ('l ytt A) hy th.1 t OU l.t ( --- .\ Pnnn.y ttu A dohid.t .1 t B.

l d I ttt't lvh {r.4 1') ttr 4tl.I 8..a-thi. rn\nln(Ty[ A)ht ttu Aii kmL\ Pni kt.'111.H.1) lty rtu lndokitL: Pantd.ht I I yrt . Ilodllh\ dhd ttu I id1 t tklh. fyf .. H1rkl^ dtir( d lrull toidifia'.d\p 7 Btlly d tth.JI.l ..

hatu ( 1yt( A) l)t P!in\.t Btlly nnpho'1l (7yr A) Ana:ot: hy lt A dokid. Lltrtklc 9. A ) hy tht A dokidt\ Prntur. Hcrakl t s atd ttu Lttt ).Aldbn\io \ir &l br l. Dit ty\\ nt liax 1 o B(lly dnphont l7 yp.Paintr.l and 9: RttLta rl 9 t t t Bdlt rnl. .'it1! .

B. . l .rhcro!. A) by P\id\ Sdtlr dttd Diony\o\ )i Plit( hy Pdntlt. tu g tE L'otik ll.td (Typ.!4 Annli\.rjtr' ll' i. t.llyn ph. Hudkl( a d K. ll/.

l . histolv of Wcstcrn lrrt. rl)crc xrc r:irrioLl! c\itrnplcs of prinlitive rcd figulc l:ol. L1 irthcAthcnspottcriLlu. .lD or islrtncl rrrtists.r\cs othcrwi\c dccor:ltc.Ifii.crliors is 1'rcltccrly clcrl..but .or-k..rr L L \.lccrLlc iLr'r'thc invcntioo ofrcd liqurc it rnust bc rcrncrrlbcrccl th. b-v 5:o.of loDi.bt ro Artic bl:rck fiqurc conr. . tor rhc hrst rrnr. rnd rrlrnv il succcss()l-s. cvcrr riva]rics. llrc pcculirrirics \\.rt thc ilr\. . i1 . \\'ilh Dot ] scr'. Ia l.. rhc rccor( (1on of thcir cillccr\. thou rrh thcl c rIc Il.l its ordlrrery I:rrc sixrh ccnttrry lrl.l. Lr()rr. Sircc wc kno* ll() rn()lc ll)oul thcnl th:u1 wc aln lcxrll Lr thcir v]scs.vlc'rnd in Athcns r p. tlrcsc \c11rs rclicfsculpturc.urv :rrchlcologi\ts \! ho .hlt rccl llgurc cou1cl o11i'r.tlrt not r ccoqnisc it irs strclr. .v.cvcn provc nor)-Athcrrien blood in somc rhis llceLl u()t rlrlkc Lrs lo()k lor arrvthirrg llr) Pioneers I l. . rrr. L . . i rrir .r'ircr.h nrrrk thcm out fi-om thcir plcdcccssols. :urtl I. Hc Lrscs trvo alphrbcts ou his v:tscs Atlc.crrtors l)Ll t.rirtcrs of tl)c I)ionccr (iloup:rrc possiblv thc nrost intcrcstinq of illl thlrt .r. . Is rcLl r ' Lrrorhc| oithe ilifis 6onr rlrc Ersr? Ir wxs ccrtxinly rlot iDvcltcd llrcrc..' .l1rtl\: ft)rciqD in thcir rrt.r L r.rrlcric ofarrlsts. If \\'c rnlY suspcct ol.lqic:r1 r crclr ch. irrd wc hrvc thc cviclcncc of irrscribcLl L r Llr( Acropolis lirr thcir phlsicrl plcscncc irr Arhcns.utcr'rotllrcr-clvftrrthcir:lrtisticnrcrits..t . thc Pionccrs I rri scizcd upon thc csscrlcc ofu.l lrrcl itttlcccl c]L.l qood dmulahtsnl:rn' this is tnrc onlv ilr thc con'\r ofthc qrouf.v prc29 (). too slr-()nlal) roota.. h.tc(l | \\t)rl.. .il)l\.:rltlr.rly.. . erchitcctLuc isderrroDstr. to achicvc a quxlitv ofruoocl itnd nrrrrtivc u hi. lro|r rn1 lncicnt $. It is is rhorgh. AlrhoLrgh tlrci cilr'licst \\'or k concs onlv ebout e . vrrrre . ir( (. . lirr t.. \r'( r to owc sollrcthirlil to thc Piolrccr-s.. L .r is placcd hcrc bl llclzlc.r'ing :rrrrl cornposition..1.v.lrclr . arrcl sorrrc scholrrrs pIt'lir r ' ..ntr. rllcil Lu rLr. \\'c c:ln hclc disccm I corrsciorrs rlrovcnrcrrt.riDtrllg tr.: \l)crlrncnrcrsl flcscDtcd irl thc l:rst sccriou.rtorryofhisfrgLrrcsonoirochoei [:r]:rrrcluscofcolotrr'.rdcs r circLurlst lcc \\()rth r rnorlcrt's t]lotlgllt. corrDroD PuIPosc.rr-uctcl of tLrc Allrcns portcrs' qlr:lrtcl seerns rcvcrlc(l jn borrorvccl .ht..rrL r .()r LcLrow Paturt. rcfinirg it in dteil . \\'cr-c still ilt \\. caD bc lirkcn as a rrr ph ofurchrreol.' crrt frr bcvolLl whrt a Psiax or Pasces c()uld corlccivc.rq r .rp ofhc]l.rclitiorr ues. \.. l.r . l.r ()nl:rrlcnt r-lthcr thrul arly positi\rc irtflLtcncc . MLlah clsc rrl \ l. tlqhrlv I rhirrk.Thc.htu l\1i td' H . r r rhe (lrcek \\'orld t() aaaolrlnroclltc Druch rxdicrl churlrlc of lir. lirr his \\ork. lrld u hic h rr:ts r ar ricrl L. Thc cosnlor .. llc l-cldilv dchncd.]lt irflrrcncc o| vrsc prirrtinlr loo lhrolrqh thc si-\th ccrltr.r t rti\ts (scc Chlptcr ()rc) r !.h .ltr st. Thcrc hrd bccn i r 1. lel cllls Stnikros'not. r.. but rvhilc thcv 'r'rc nrekilrg proglcs\ il rlrc'nrcch:rnics'ofrhc ncw tcchrliqnc.hi.hxrilctcr lrrd cohcrcucc irs il lrrorp.ir ()nlv picccrncxl bl clillerent errists iD thc slrccccdinq qcDCr:ltiorl. Thcl' wcrc aorlsLlnunrtc :u tists.l dr-r.

. ruftltisr solvcs stLcccsslirll.1. . rlt.rv.xs rl conlnloo onc but hc ldcntilies hinrscii-rs -r LlrnL(r on ..r.r-. the closc-sct thilr rvrv..onran drirkcl orr u vesc bv Phirrtias ro:rsts hirn ('soi tcncli Euthyrrrir-lci k:rloi. elld lhclc ls llo tmc lirlclr fireL..rl.rc. ' r r' (.ligurcs s1)cuk irt nodcnr citrto(rl stylc. L |.2]... thc darling ofrhc Group.1 or sphvrng folds.-. cortrours rs 3o bcst parDtirs oirhc vcers ebout 5:.. irnd hc is dcsigrutcd kllos on rnothcr. tlrct. . Thc incisiDe of h:rit. -. In thc dlcss lllc crrrrtr'. ID th(. On tirc sarnc vilsc a yolnq nrll holclins r lyrc is labcllcd Euthylridcs l3.ls i l)uggcr on l v.cst:rnd edlrir-erion ofthc younq bc:rutics of tltc dry Philiedcs.r. ccrtaiDl_v thc scrrlptor whosc nlntc is lbuncl on bescs 6..racusr-r_ irs Errphronios... ho\\.ri.l"..v .tcd. or do$'nlvlrds. Thc tluriJy ofLcrglos..onvcrltion flt srlnding frgurc's.'Errtltyrnidcs chlirc. Enthyrlliclcs tlscs :rllll()'il ()\''r .siqriccl thcir rvorks liccly.SoDrc:rpply cqrrllllY norv t(r the r.trr.-3.. 1 'I.r..'\.rrrc l?l. ' r .r) l.. ofthc rnd xt iuly rerc rhc grallito .. onc fiontxl. lrrcl rvc erc at olrcc itltroduccd to i1D atllr()spltcl.rily Lcrgr-os hrr rvho:l orc o1.ulrtc ol1 whrt othcr lrts thcsc llrcll lllllv hirve praclisccl.s. itrc rcndcrccl er firll lcngth. /t. thc lrtist qocs solllc w.ick opclr pirlrlrcttes i:r scrolls. \vcrc of thc s..r'oii1c lcg is rch-rcd) iur xnticiPlltior of u'her frcc sttncling sculptnrc rvill or olc up onc-clorvrl! arc colllurorrct.allito fbuDd in thc Agorr in Athcns... . l.ulrL. in thc spirir of tlte A...L.' .rttcrrls allrl cvcll bc lorcshortcrlccl in e rtrdirtlcnterv \\'it. rkc.hi:rr) or e vrsc rc-ltr ELlphrol)ios. Thcv wcre litcr:rtc aucl gerrul.rrrd rr.o vilscs by Euthytrliclcs. aDd whcrl both brt'asts:trc sho(11 tllcv ll1:l-v P"irrt l tc \iulc \\ity I. Sttlficc it lo obscIvc thll tlle Piorrccrs r.r r. thc lotLrses lotitllY cmlcirtcd.d o ly EuPIrr.r]..rthchnlcnl ofe Prolilc hcid to I tiolrlal torso: lnll esPccilllv ovcr chl rr I rr* qir-1's trrcest in fiont vicrv.rnd llot cr tiiczcs. l)ut wc tust not cxpcct portr-llitllrc. .. r. l)eintcr or ofblack lisurc.. .lLlcl irnutollri... ..'rol1g to rcjcct iclc. Thc rcd figtlrc florillr. it prol)lcn1 rvhlch thc rnclrlcst lattcr-Lla) 1vrll. \r. Iivcd in rhc dcnrc Kcratncis. cvcn lct thcir.v obsculius rhc shirr or rhigh irr rcclirrrrrg ri \. psykrcr s..v to heilihtcl) . r'r. scenrs satislhcrorily rr lrr. l. lrrd rvas rveli cnouqh knotvu ilr Allrcrls ft) havc I st:ttuc otr rhc Acropolis.rr . Thc ftlrthc'r hcrrrlinc. Thcl c x rc fcrv o th cr vlrit t iL'r.lofour.doki.( to propcr linca: tbrcshortcnirrg in thc:ctrclcrirrg ofobjccts likc shlclds.lthlercs ()lr t\\.l rculpturc.r1.?7. Evcleshcs:rIc r/t'r'iqrr(rrr oll lhc iincst rvork Vrrictics ol_ r rrrrttcr ofiDdividull irll'cl1tron.rl oi cltltons bcing lcgttlrr'. srinq rhc rhilcl clinrcusion: c.s urr | 71... I r. cilcttltrscl ibcd L ( .r p onc dorvu) h lvc o Pclr p:llnlcttc'i.rsc qr./il.r111..u]. trrrltarlrpcred bv tllc rcchniquc arld corr.[uphronios'chirkiuq girls spius ll cLrp:...(. lr. rhrcw irr rlrottocs:Itcl challcnqcs. r1l var ictics ferhcr. llld Dlry l. The ziszrq hcnrlirrcs ot drr\s irrc .u1r" discrrsscd. Poilias. or irr xn attclllpted thrcc-qtlaltcr'.rld sho\\'ing toP or ul)c1cr vicws offcct.jbrrrccl vescs of tlrc ()roup ('cluircto Euthyrliclcs'. rvc h:rvc (cspccielly u'hcr r. ol: oLll\villLls l-.. brrt rhc rccidcrrrs ofsurvival hevc sparccl us thc llcccssitv to rcsrorc thc uanrc of h.ith thc protrlc Vie.d. or th. I rlr rcr . Thc Pior)ccrs havc lost rllost itltercst irr colour i1r.lus.rtrpt'rrr r cupy.rst ol 1.2l.r.erds.v rvirh :r ciIclc elld dot. EurhYllticlcs llld Philrties still tlsc sonlc L. lrcrvicr lblds ofhirl:rrir itncl skirts. 1. r ieitl rncl scc hou'ltc rs bcgrnnitrg to obscrvL'thc shilL ofhips entl r .o othcrs (or]c by Euplrronios?) surely tltc firnous Phrr'llos of l(rororr rvho tluglrt at irlrtr is ..urds. thc Typc A lrnphor-ac. srcrl tionl irlsidc. Euth!.r)c ui hr\ u\\rt vascs [-. rl. sinliler-ly al rerlucd (but not orlc-r.. this tirnc with satllprulc irl lhc rourld ofe lillcr clalc. Ill..) lnd e r. end Euphrorlos urcl Euthy_ miclcs hevc coril-r-ccl btncls on thcir cups.rll.1. r | .rrrd r. Ji.rncl crrt r:orrvellcntly L.. Acropolis.rru r.. | . iltd on tu. ir tr'itr.clrcLrrrstatrtccs it is ocltl to obsclvc rhcir contillrrilrq dilcnlrlla ovcr rc . !..c of Lct-t lleDk rivllry_ Eutilv_ rrri.. lr .g. IJrrt rclicf blobs firr hair rinqlcts. Errthvnriclcs hinrsclf is grcc-tcd . 'As nt'vcr Etrphronios ('hos onclcpote Euphronros') boests Euthynrid. fhcrc is sonlclllitrs morc . oilirtbs. .cr'. llr. I l). elcl cspeci.rrrrL."-dlilj.Dtificariolt.. Tlrc. u'hcthc: profilc. ":9.rrd ol:ccDtrc.rrtcrn on clrcss.v llrres lirr tlrt ..r(. so it shoulcl bc tiic srnrc llr:tn ir thc ptrty drlwn by Euphronios anrl sinrilerlv nlrncd lhcarl dttails.l r" . \.u. .:l cen bc rcrrdclccl phusibly.rrr.rliopcd atLlvc or scric\ ofctlrvcs. . Slrik:...:7. r rng thc.t ! ic\\: oi fiont or-back rorso l..9.hich sLrch :l Posc dclrl.1d black figulc lotus alrd Prlnrcllc chlirls ll0.. A Sorius roo is nrnrccl. .r .es wilhoLlt losillg anv ofthc dccor:rtivc cllirt r I . ]xsr Lrrdignity inu.rrrc lishioneirlc jct? A l)llayllos is n:rrrrcd lrnong thc ..r' rvhich clict:rrcd thc ligidin of thc doll-likc stilI-joirrtc'cl bhck lisulcs L'r rr lhc ccntut-Y.. With:r'Snrikrgs klios' nt:lt.. idc'nrificcl thc sucsts i1) rhc s1'lrposir thcy dcpic.'. Ihc vasc pllirrtcrs arc oilscsscd .IIos show! nlllch aoltccln still rvitlt p.2] bcsidc ouc ofhls nrorc arrrbitious arrrtortricel sturlics ofrrrn i..or lr ofcr:rtcr !.rl. Lr rhc crrcll lstl ccs lt sccllts \\.h:rt thcl' rvill.r1.1 tiril lclicflrnt's is rvcll cxploircrl. L.. r. but Euthlrlidcs trscj thirrncd !rrcs:rlv) t .\ o .e lroto (tppercntly rccording i1 corllrncr)t b\..:ll or clrcss rllnrkirg. r . rhirr puirtt for ruosl:1llet()ll)i(xl t'llccts.rr|..iill r.rin tanc]c htirsso I latrgcol Lcerrc' l:7 lcfil.u.li. srrpcs arrd llorxls in figur-c sccncs rre usccl on sorrrc ofthe frncr vescs. or ri. bur elso dccor]tcd cups:tn. hor'r' . its rcll lt ltoIltc rvith thc vi'qnettc rN rvirh drc bload canvas. Antirs. suDtrn:rrirccl. :rlrhottgh b-v totrll.r'on tlrrcc viclorics nr lhc l)vrhiarl Canres.Lr-ctsr. so lhc l:rcl ltey hevc bccn :r fenrilirr figrrrc et plrtics in thc Pottcr'\'qLliirtcr.. Sosius rvas a poltcr lff thc Croup rrtl ir Sosies ol Sosls is nentcd ol) vilscs bv phintias.r\ ill .. rrpt orlv l gclrcl:rtioll lrrtcr (irt tllc'Clritirn bo-v) Look rt Euphrtrrrios' .Ii'rlccl puin rir rg bit v:rscs.irl.' r r. rnd thin bucl .os is nerrcd roo in rr oirscu:.o 5oo.. Agirln wc scc al link bctuccn lirrc clrlrrlrrg r'r. rr liqurcs clo s.rr.v.. Ill thcjr rvork \vc scc llo\v 111 sllllPlc linc drelr'tttg.'l-he (iroup shrrc irrrcr. bc lltcr.orn thc or two unatr. Evcs dlop l()w:ll c1s thc tcilr (tl. otrc b1 lrhiDtils. end lhc lourrd ptrpil is sct rt lhc cctrllc. rLr nl()rc rcilislic S-cur \.t..rl. [.. Snrikros rves a peinrcr ofthc Ciroup LlDfbrtuDtlcly his ltarrc u.r rllr opcninq slightlv hcrc. Florxl p:rttcrn olfcI:s Do grc:rt v:trictv. Wlrolc linlbs...' r.u.rrtl thc usc ofrclicl lirrc csrrblishccl lbr nrost oLltliocs orr tirrcr rrrs" .r.r.. .l pl:rtcs.. strllgcstint t thrl-e-qurrlcr or L rrrrnq vicrv with orc lcq irr profilc.c txkc it that sc.r1(..1' l.1g.trridcs ald orltcrs.lL'. .rr.

T'his is l ticetnrcnt copiccl by othcrs ercl to bc pcrfcctcd b. His lc'g doublcd bcnclth hinr lcavcs us a glimpsc ofthc solc . Thc frngcrtips.k ot vqr.L)Dcsirtros).vhat. Surxnos [3r..LtPrlnrcrtcsto iLll l.rn Thc Ncu. LotLLs bv nor. I rbyln qiant shotlld be lifted bodily to rcrnovc hi. and herc Snrikros is named [/rrad htdil\.r fronr his strcr)Eth rcst()r'r)q rLothcr Earth.r u:1 . thc cratcrs.rrr . Onc girl hcrc toasts Lcxqros. inclLrclinq cups for thc porrcr Krchrvlior. Nolre of ltis survi\iDq l:itscs scclJts lcss rltrD pcr-tccr. rvirh lcrv dccidetl oclclirics.l:1.lrd kr inrportant srr. On the boclv he likcs to conrolrr evcrl nlinor:rrcas. cahn lirturcs. This sort of .. apart frorr somc hck ol. letc: iD his crrccr rud tbr othcr p:ritrrcrs ortril]lt. Euphronios sivc's us thc rccl figurc lorus wirh shlr p otrtcr pcrels uncl ]s$'orc1-liLerurrrrclr. l. lrr r. (r Ur.. I hc distraught rvomcn rrc at rcduced scalc rnorc bccausc thcy arc lcss imporrant .Thc giarrr's right arm is alrcrdy pilrirlvscd. or. likc thc nrusclcs bc-sidc the klcc ceps.. l:ronriyitctl (r'. . ThL. lr1 1 .ir ridcs).vs the texturc ofpettcrl.rl His stylc is ' chssic' ftrr rhc pcriod. or thc cup on l-z 51.HnoNr{)s l:: .rn frcczc thc dcliberate action ofdlncc. hair and bcarcl lvild (rdrlly IIke .1] givcs us Euphronios' sludics ofPosture rendercd in linc but less so oD anolhcr Pxris cratcr.1n1111 . with soII1cwhet 'rLccessfully..kinrps ears. rirlt for thc giant's hair. runr up sherpl.lr ru.-l. rvhcn drervn in scprr:rtc locks.lcs ofthc e:rrJy fifth cerrrurv onc .Noticc his usc ofthiuncrl l.o rvhich hlvc survivccl is spccill and looks foru. Eycs tcud to be narror. t]). 32 There arc othcr n)ajestic trcahncn!s of myth . but dccorrtccl othcr. dwells herc atd there on a head or bod1. Two putrrls ofcomplrison wc hxve observcd. Anothcr stllnlnos! a psykter and two pclikei are attributcd to hirll. .rlrcr represcntxtiorN ofLibyanr.rpcd scrolls ([uplrrorrios. but EuLh ynritlcs' Lrruscs ur-c lcss aoruprct.nishirrs.u krvlrdiy poiscd rcvellers tumbling ovcr slippely $'incskins. His saryrs are his best crcations. but no imirator:rnd his cqual in invcntion and draughrsmanship.shitpc.rrspcclivc. pail]tcr rud tc ..t. callcd hirn an'irnitator ofEuphrolios'.. in the furrows ofhis bclly nrusclcs. . \\ rll l(r\( l'.1114 11r. clisplay originality ofthctnc und cortrposruou. The dilfcrcnccs.v I lre Llr.rscs irs f:ltrenls prLncttcs rn hc:rrts (Errtlt _l.rtrrirhtrr. thcir Doscs lcss snLrb than broken. Suo 5o5) siqnccl rt lcrsr six v. contrxsting Herakles'nert coiffurc ofreliefringlets and triDr bcirr(1 willr rc Lrrlcouth giart.stcd that e ncw intcrcst in neck lnrphorac rvith trvisrccl hrndlcs is clue tri hjnt.r ELrl. Hair coutours lrc inciscd or rcscrved.v and thc tiucly l:rshccl orlcs tcnd to opcn to\':lrds thc tcar duct. are in thc drawing which.tru.c rlccp irorn lrort ro buck. but -Er-rphronios wlnts lo rlreke the most ofbig figurcs (nr . f.i ((11rtc lirtc) hevc pointcd lcrvcs l5ol. clrs hcuvy lobcd rvith c:rrclul inncr lnerkillgs on larqcr heads.ith black lcck end sinrrlc 6qurcs on clrhcr sidc in thc licc bleck flcld wirhout grorrnd lincs. llrcl this is trot thc rcsult of ltrv rchrchrrcc oischoliirs to look lor his h. thc thinnc'd pxint oD liollskilr or hair. ftllgrrcnts of lvhich :Irc now in Munich [25]. llis mastcrpicccs. gods attetding Pclcus end Ihctis on atothcr. Frotttispiccc]. fight or sport morc Plxusibl. l1_rhe associations ofthc namc on vases refer to onc min hc sccnrs ro have been . i3cazlc1. Hc cnjo. view of which Euphronios sccrrs fond. . rru 1 .r( \ )(( trnl..York crarcr oflcrs another first rvith rvingcd Slecp and l)cath ying lronr rlrc Trojan battlc6cld thc body of Sarpedon lzz. Thc grarldcst party of thcmall lvasona cratcr.LDlphorr es paintcr.vith black bocly :rncl picturcs only orr thc Dcck. u-ith Gcryon on on. lhc orhcr \\.r. Llcrlin crarer [-2. with ncxt.rlli-crion for vese shapes lnd a boy which he shares rvith Ettphronios emong thc l'ronccrs. 5Io Joo) si!1ls two sramnoi and r twlsty-h:rndled .10. thcl hurries over drcss. d. I hc Sosi:rs Pi]n tcr pir lrl crtc. though prccrsr.Y \(ir rr ()l 1r \ lllalr r(cirll :lr. But everyday Iifc had bcconrc no less inspiring a source for Lhc Pionccrs witncss thc chastisemerlt for r. entcrprisc in compositiou..il his foot. He likcs big crirters. \\. tceth bared. Arnazon drcss anci firr. pcrhaps. cycs rollrng. EuirlyMl)us l-lt 7l is Euphronios' r ival but no doubt llso liicnd inrhc l'ionccr Group: sligh tJy. belding.. blil.rrrl hlvc to bc uprighr on the shillow iiieze thlr becausc thc utist uIldcrslood l.r r. with a subtly diffcrenr epproach to iris:rrr.sprtr thc 1rt.rl rc sh.rl . t..illt.ltit. His hclcls :rr.v rhc l]cr-lirl Peirtcr.: crp [26]. (lcnrrc lcrvcs do not ovcrhp rhcir torclrils (Phinri.vhirc ofpamclncd cloaks.j too. oncc | 79. . tlict that two ofhis calyx cl iltcrs wcrc l)1adc by Euxithcos. On rhe Peris clltcl Heraklcs'fichr rvith Ant:rios is e rrcw crcarion [2J1. cspcciirllv rhc aitl)\ crrtcr.r rrcr." is a nr isnc.r hiq \.firrr of lincar .jur-rior in years. Ocrtainly his rrcilll)tcr1t of ru. and on the forn1cr hc praiscs the bcaury of Alltits: ln .. fragl-trcntary.. J2] (. heavily moustachecl and bcardcd. It his bccn s1]gttc.is clocs.r\c.hcther ir bc drc bllck and r.. Pczzino Ciroup). on the lionskin.ing c.ur rhc unrchcarsccl upsct. has bonclcss llvkwerd hands. I wordcr oll Irol (in llcazlcy's drawings) and tl-rc ladici party ou lz7l. His tricndly 'as ncvcr Etphronios' is inscribccl bcside a lor'rr /c. ancl tr-ray add xn ir)lcrest in patlcrn arrd the licc ficld singlc 6gures on thc:lrnphora. Ankic boncs are triallglcs rvith cloublc front lirres. His olr'n potting clrccr nrey hrtvc slarlccl xl the selrc tjtrlc ls his puillti]lq.Hcraklcs 6ghting Amazons volute crater izgl. is praised by Euphronios on r dozcr) orher vases which probably bclong 'r'lro 10 thc dccadc JrJ 5o5.rnc1 ir lcsscr rvorkl.v aud rhc fluscrs lrc thin ind britlc. r r tingcrs lirrrp. r L. as pottcr.. oftcn with n:rils nrerkccl. Lip corrlours erc h' rcncrous.r playbov artist.

I)ttr^'rus l-i8 1:l (r. Plr.big amphoric.hosc wolk is rclercd ro his. tlistr lughr. sidc-bums. Hc is r nrorc finicky. the lcct ionq and llxl.cc with inscriptions too. In the llorals thcrc erc liwcr lotuscs.rr. rvith otllcr ruotocs and lcgcrrds: an c)i!r..trtus on :lrl:Lloirv l l r. Hc was l giant. soles of ict.r. Lr qcnc:-al he rclics morc ou liuc than plrttcl-lr.. and wllosc nlorhcr l-os.rl . thcil utcnlbcrs scptr:rtcd. The Terquinia vasc ot{crs all thc dctailirrg oflocks. nrcatier than Euphronios'. Lcss than pcrltcr.7 -'r'.r1 ll. is tirc rvry Hcctor's profilc hcadjoins his fronral body.vhicl-r sccnr ltraight coPics of Euthyrnidcs. On l-lJl Heoor lnus. 111. Frontal laccs hld bccn savcd ii)r sr. His rnorc Prccior-ls work apPcars rru thc. The cloaks staucl up in stilFlblds et thc b. rvatchccl by his plr-cuts. Conlparcd rlirh Etidr. hc rvorks rr b]lck figure too. aDd tllis wcakcDs thc llirretivc.otcsques hithcrlo.rlti't tlr. 17] rrrc rnorc cfll'ctivcly porrrlycd xnd show sorr)c origirrxlity of posc. enrins Mcgaklcs:ls bc:rrrtilirl. His f-igurcs havc a dcgree of Euthymidcan wcillhr alrd are as wcll corlrposcd llrhough soDlcwh. lL.rtr_c.. witlrout paillting thcrrr. rrlrning hirrscll scven tirles.. not body (contrast Euphronros l z91).v at his mosr cffectivc. to thcir agcs aud se-x. firlgers rlrbbcry.rc drinkinq and \ "crlchirr!.rtorrrical dcr:ril lcnrli lris fleru c rvork :r dccidcdly rrorc sculptur l1 :rir-.r'). Thc lerdcr ofrhc rcvcls is on thc lcft. disphccd kl1cc ud pro6lc loot fhil hinr.nt to thc yor'1n!lcr'1n r.c could htvc wishctl lrim siruilar succcss with thc lcft Icg r.vmidcs his 6gurcs rre less plausiblc lrnd alerl. both of which hc shor.rlpis 116. With rhc u. whcrc girls draw w:ttcr it lhc fountaill (>f Dioiysos ('krene l)ronyri.'\ rrakcs hinr vnxllcr thiul thc dcirics. lashcd c.succccd whr-rc clisrortcd fcettlrcs xrc c:rllccl for. Hc sccnrs to hevc prctirr-cd rhc Jlrgc bclly amphorac (Typc A) t'br his rvork ro cmtcr-s.r1r u.rn Eurhvmiclcs. hbcllcd'komarchos'. Prlts ofEgures erc oftcu allolvcd to overlep thc bordcr (ls on l3.n ' li -: I .-. IJur with art xlhlctc oll thc olhcr :idc ofthc vese hc nlakcs a goocl try et e thrcc-quertcr lc!i.\ -.Best arc his lrluin!! Anllzons. no less talcntcd.ovcrt (conrprre thcir rlrtrcs Etrthvnriclcs 'qood spirit'.-'. but lhcrc rlso rnestcrs rl. [. Tl. r.hcrc an olcl nlaD and two qirls rcact rppropli:Lrcl).o arc'cocklc-sltcll vlscs. Gorgos portcd xrlothcr [1E].rrr(l hrs Lrc [ur]rymidcs hed his inrit:Ltors too.t lcss dctxiled. xnd wc hlvc rlrc:rcly rcnr:rrkcd his ilscribcd conrpli ll. Y His figurcs arc hcevicr. but on thc brck ofrhc vtsc rvc hrvc rhe proudly succcssfirl disp)ay oftlrrec cluarrcr fronr and blck (r. krruckles. but hc hes l)ot learncd how to acljust thc tr l'lritias. u-hclc drc fieurcs srand ti!lhr-lippcd arld cxplcssiolrless in compositiorrs lvhich rcca11 thc dullcr black ligurc ofthc da-v.rf thc dancc'r or thc risht).r.rrrn [15-z] is anothcr r. llshcs and fingcr ruils f4o]. his firllcr (l)ollias tlrc sculptor ) rhricc.r'...erc hitnsposcd accidcntilllv by thc artisr) rnd peirirltoos looks round to the orlrcr siclc ofthc vlsc r. bu! Phrrr. aDd thc onc volutc crarcr t'rom his hand conlirlcs fisurcs to rhc neck.. Euthvnridcs' corrtribution to thc sroup of rrvisty h:rncl1ccl umphorlc \\rith sinqlc figurcs has :l sxtvr rrld a youth.:r grorlp ski]ful11. 31 Hc oftcn uses bltck 6!!ure florals on his recl figurc vascs. has torn hcr drcss 3J .vouth holdiDg a harc r.)n\..'.lirrr I. Like Psiax. arld a Dotablc rryth sceDe on onc sidc which shows a fi11c scrtsc of drrnretic dct.. but idcrrtilyiDg r]rtny othcr con tcnr pol. xnd shown as such in bl.vith Euthyntidcatl essocriltr. On l.rcstlcr.lr. sortrctiDtcs lirvish usc of thinDcd plint lot en.c. :. arrist to dccorttc [19]. Hc usuelJy inciscs thc hair outlirc and evoids rclicfringlcts.r. Thc nlxstcrpicces:rre ir Munich. Phrnri-rs nlrkcs his lrlrrk bcrlcr i hcads xnd drcss. Euphronios 'good scusc'!) : choosv in his . \nrik 1 rlro.rr' r. Philries.vcs. Koronc trics ro dreg hcr b:rck (hcr rrarrrc rnd Hclcn's r. 5-t5 5to) rrqht u.r. end soruetimcs:r lirdcler_plttern xlong thc brcast bonc. On l4-r ] Apo11o :trrd Alrcrnis rcsctrc thcir ntothcr I cr(l lr onr Tit-vos. thc loosc flcsh of thc scrotLun is narkcd.41 e nrilclly protcstins Hclcn is carricd oli'by Thcscus. thc old and rlcw vcrsions of thc $'atcr jar.r]) but lrcrc thc uppcr bordcr is lcs heppily brokcn. likcs rclicf rirglcrs aud dctails of rrlils.rr Thc I)rxatos P.Lr pottcd a cup for anothcl. \\'ho then hiLvc borh divirrity and staturc (nr rhc'ir sidc. fotlntliu sccrlcs xnd olce in r vasc shop. too. he Lrrciscs sorrrc irurcr rnusclc and dress lincs.s on hls k. Thcy erc irvour irc shepcs for thcsc studics of contcrnporary 1ifc. cll) l psyklcr rlrd k. Hc sigDs scven vrscs its paintcr (erratically Phittti.. l.r.s on a psykter 136l hc rlakcs his bid 1br I thrcc-qu:rltcr lcg but thc fiontel ottlin. and thcy still orrll. Thcrc erc lir. rlrs scalc'hc is probabl.rflctrorrr.r:1. Hylsrs (. Hc rvus fi. rnLl wc shitll rcturtr to rhcm..c tick or hook.. Anorhcr sigDcd clrp is 139] with:r finc ccr)lxur erd puzzlilg ilsslult.. A cup rvhich hc dccoratcs 1-or Dciniadcs has somcching ofe:Llly Epiktctos l.j -\. At llnlpcrcr's back to hcr lcii arrn.rr. Phirrris) aud thrcc ils pottcr (ru. Phinti. j l o) signs a hydria xnd lcaves his namc also on a kaJpis l1 1.r r. sintpler cars rvith e ccntr. in I sty]c vcry like thc Phinti:rs cup.vithin.vith a .rck frgurc.. Thc'rc rrc l lcrv odrer indiviclutl picccs ofrllcrit u hich bclolg here. in at conlPctcnt fussy stylc ap. as lbr thc piper' [3-51 (conrp:rrc Etrphronios' toper [25]).e. thc drcss too is stiffcr rrrl lacks the swccping folds. Hc lovcs drawing vases and we have studie' of -r \ rdc sclccrion of shapcs ill syrlposix..ck ofrhc rlcck. lrr"..ril Achiilcs fights Mctnnou whose sPc:rr h:rs pierced Achillcs' shiclcl rncl so is ncffectivc. rlrc )rhcr x cup fbr a rccl ligtLre rrtist of c1-litlity la9]). but u'ith jnclivldual ftgurcs r.r.cll bc his scnior.'.ripis 1111. sct in thc rcctengular field.rroeching Psiax.

cap.oiha -t... rhe synrposiasts are outline drxwl on:r whitc ground.ti"f fii ringlets or occasional florals. for its rarity. Eurhyrnidcs' sculptor fatlrcr. Within.ul 4'. bristling with details of attribures ind drcss_ Undcr a handlc is an ourlinccl heed of thc Moon ( ?). and inscribcd .tr' .Mcgaklcs kalos.r. Elsewherc we have scen the pionecrs .otltispn. vascs. with Hcrrkles lcd into thc fulJ assenrbiy. by challcngc xnd cxamplc thc Pioneers influenced an impoltant sc-ries of all-biack_Cguie vases ofthe last ycars ofthe ccntury thc Leasros Group (ltsFH pp.rrcites. with the pupil forward.. and thc artist xnticipates hlcr.J Io joo). no d-oubt aftcr thc ostracirn of Megakles in . Slttp a d D&thaflt S. Thcse arc tcchniques which had been devclopcd by black figurc artisis.1116 r r:: he is c]scwhere praiscd by Eurhyrnidcs and Phintias.A Sosias was ntclttioncd otr various l)ioncer potter Sosixs makcs a finc cr-tp [5ol for a paintcr. This shows ivhat can happcn rvhcn an artist tnomcntarily abandons what he has bccn raught and kroks around him. and in a styic compatible with his son. arrn.rinrcr is absorbcd wirh pattcnl on armour. Onc vlsc.rc1ues.rlt .thc Golna cur (r. Onc. Thc cxtcrior presenls anunusual nlassiltg offisures for this technique. thc SosiAS pAtNrEt.ryi1on (S( F.. with black handlc p"lr.. p:rrt incised. ll.hniquc white ptint on thc black grouud. bracing his left 1cg against the bordcr. and wc mighr now consider whether thc Pioneers evcr praclised thi old tcchnique. The Sosias Paintcr used touches of whitc on the bandagc r11d lor pxtroklos..rprr"t" Panathcnaic vascs and votivc plaques for the Acropolis (ancl sJe bciow lor work on white ground).(or in relatcd tcchnique) appcar whire wc mighr bcst expect them on ollicial work where the old tcchnique was rcq. dccorated wirh outline figures.. "ppr.tLvI ihtrti. but they gcnerally avoided colour and other rcliefaiis. with painted and incised dctails. and outside the cup hc rendcrcd in relicf th! pomcgranatcs heid by:r soddess. Outiide. nlorc accuritc rendc ng of rhc eycs by opening thcrn rcalistically. -5oo) 15r]. barcd tccth. tiol). The 36 and barcd her bosom in dismay." .rircd. Quire apart from their own possible black figurc work. a larger slab. The'bikaios Painter wc rnighr regard alrrost as a convett fronl thc old to rhc new. a latc Pioneer (r. Cnlyr ttdtu H-+s t \ir edhyE phn'nio\. . bur trvo p1. With . rhe rcd 6gure lover anrl hi lacl are xccompanicd by a dog drawn Ir thr Srx re. Pattoklos. on a lvhite ground.t'.. The Mcgakles has bccn crascd and Claukytcs substirutccl. Borh tnen arc intcnt. shows a storlnills w:rrrior with a satyr shicld blazon rcpearcd by Euthymides. has rrorc of the cxperitncntal about it . lt elso.s y9i\t.r. the mosr rrivial details ofanacorny. Hcrc thc p. rs an unusuai lnd catly study in distraction and pain. squatting on his shield. shows how sma11a part still direit obscrvation rvas playine. ciosc_in style and spirit to their work. arc worth a sccond look. not traincd originally in red figurc. Achillcs binds patroklos.i-Oly.Th" othcr [iJ]. Thc only examplcs of what misht be pronccr black 6gurc.. rvide_ eycd.tt).rp. with en Athcna [52]. was dcdicated by Pollias.. Thc matcrial is fragncntary end certainty inrpossibJe.) 2t L.

1t0 l') httllr. itlj .\ .r :] t 1 Crl).1. Ctp !i.() t.:at)tl hy D!h^un\ () llth I1htktu n l (h totl . .

. ..4.. Dttth t)lPotht \ affi i): it: .1t. t!]..r\ i.tr'. 1\.ht t..trn \ ll .1.n LtL.t i'' .. H.7 Plyknr ii. 2 \ir[ /).tn.t.l t I ..-.lrroxn^ . tt.hh\lio5. t_tr.t l)itkto Lt l)tt.d hy lttittNtr\ .l /\i \ il r{ \ l-=-|- I ) l l) .t.bN -*)i* V/ .at.)... l... rr.

-v- E .

r . I r.li t Btlly ah\lwn (7 ytt A) ti.{ . Hdnt n ts t|. Bcll).rJ 2 R.1.y E"thynidt\.r.n .d t. Ih$(t'n iLILl.t lTfy A) bt Ettthylnid(s.r! r.onryhrt..

Iltiid Ly Ph ni.! H.)E.V tt KrUi\ l't I: thy tiit\ i6 l\)lkr. t . .\ dl) Ftnltt tit\ . j1 5 .

4tt. HLnklt: and ALkyontts ]o.t. .tt HtnklL . _1) 'i-r .a tpln\t tT)t.2 B.Y t9.l hy t'hi tn..1 t: ()tt si!.tl . h nv. Rt. Tityo! dnd L. APlb. .ll . (:ut) \irnd hl ph tint it t Inlty dnphord ( L'ypt A) I'y Phi tia!. atut tLrt tn ..t.tu1 b). At(ttit.t.. t t.t:ti! 111 1t.. I'jh" in\.1l).

l\.t 1/It.\ t\tri.iltit liq il ht HYI i\ lrd:]lri .(d/piJ !i(.tr I I r r\ tlt Dikd\ Pdiltttl .1 .$ Btlly rtntho./. t ti H).d l lftr A)Lt th( t6 Krl|)i\ hy th L)i].d/ l.

Ll hl l)hiitit\ r: to tt .y rhr S. ld..: 1l. Jo.li'.r'+f r 19 Crp iir . jr. L/.r0rr ()/t3.ii.r. r (-.Crp rlgrrd il Cor(.A.. i.ltilla ttLd Pdt 11trotl [l'.or A. rd tn \'l H(nkL\ n' OIvn'Pttt .r'.hille\ dtld Mo t t \.4.. OrrJ.L /'dnrni .htui.r.d I .

r. ll.l gloss paint ltld inrprovcd irr JJ 5t 1'lt. gerrcraJl-v sphirrxcs or u'jnscd horscs {931 l hc ptltncttcs on the bilirlgtlrls ere al:rtost al\\'llYs closcd likc cnortrlolts t)n both rhcsc ctrP shxpcs.r'irre sLills coulcl be rnost c1li'ctivcly tlisplrrl'tri 'rrIl .. lhc irfrh century.rriorr rvith . prirrtcd bl:rck :t .rn er crr'licr rraditiorr in Eest C} cccc.".1y laivell ccnrlc spirlcs. arld on all thcsc thc ustlxl dccor"rti')n ..1 .vc'cups has L r ..itrt) r slylc wilh il bricf follorvi:r g. it lr:rs a bricfsurvivx] inlo Lllc Archric (Colnrer .zo's end jlo's.. rrrrsk likc cffect.rlrc.lt.l 1."". u'ith tlrcir Irrli' l' ' tt Lr.. Thc carliest arc mostl. but latcr thc lceves scplrrtc lrcl oPcn.. lr. u'ith palntcttcs b. thc Ir('w drer.1r rr:t.s lr".r irsidc thc cup. I tr rrc lhc sanlc oFscr. rls ..4^ . rLrr crtc: rvas :rt ltrst . (1...lclr)y clcfincd by []eazlcy. Mur-v Pionccr ctlPs irc lxrllc arld sho$ry Picccs 'Prrtrrtlc r rr1''' I .rrc clrly:rll rccl-figulc cups too. . .r"ychugcplaccs('prllrctc-eyc'cups..I Ctttt.r r licil churuatcristic dccorarion (llthough thcre arc sonlc rvillloLtt cvcs . I llqurc Liltlc Mastcrs..11c pelrrietrcs. Thc Arrtirl'itlcr l)rirrt' ..just below thc 1ip. r'r'ith or wirhorrr 1.^. Ir splrrs mainly thc i. and with incrcasing 6cquencl'. .l ' ..Jrr)ittcd xltogclhcr rnd thc 6gurcs fill each side in lorrg friczcs. Thcsc do not clispl:ry thc verictY of forltts rrtrl ttr . l rtPt tldqft Ly litthf ti&\ ofthc schclnc of dccor:rtiorl for red ftgurc c.1. l. For ordinuy trrclc pLrrPt)s'\ llr( . lY.tt. l7(9). lncl terld to losc thc rvlrite riuq ru thc li.L ill wirh e snrlrll rcscrvccl 1....rr bc ett:rc1tcd.' l6r]. Thc quality of portillll rlrt.. Thc earlv rcd fiuurc c.. ltr . xn d on thcsc. r ' l'r. necrs hed prcfcrcd thc largcr sh..'rrtlc.s. trnnrpct-1ikc lcct.rtlirr. l)ut tlrc lu r\ not thcrl foreottc[....I ul. lrrd r'r'hilc thc hc:tlt ofthc oltor paintccl l cd it is rlow bl:rckc. l:1ll fcct as thcir bllck figtrrc contcnlporarics (. scluarc oflat tllc inncr corncr.. A varicty oflornscs or btrds .v thc h:rndlcs.rJ. rhcrc is:r shlrp . rvhich clisappeers conrplctcly rvhcrcvcr thc cYcs arc lrL ilcvclopmcnt '{ .vc cups.v bilingtllls rvirh l bleck frgr-Lr' .Thccarlicstrcclftgurectlpsercof fvpc A'e1'c .. l'hc 1.rrrri dcriving its rrnbrokcu bod-v profilc arrd schcnrc ofdccor. while withln thc cup. or the dticoratiolt nlev bc conFrlcd to thc intc'lior.. cvt's rrrey bc .r ()l frxctjcc il1 thc Ircw tcchniquc are cups.y".rrtlters vlscs'"vhich survivc lrorll tlrt lir'r L .. .rdgc..l t]trt \'l Jt t 5.'l1itu. rrrsclvcs rcplacccl by eniutlls.qn\t t L.1 liqurc rncaut ctlps. .trrsidelcfi bleck. \r .r11 cycs ]rc on Typc A) a sh:rpe invenrcd lor black 6gurc pcrhaps by t ' '. j..'o. 'ins1c figurcs btween thc cvcs. as cnps olT-vpc also orr latcr lbrnr irr its 1181. lrs|6dl) dcstlolinq . J. Thc cvcs thctllsclvcs co.orr bciDg tishioncd rvith hollorv.c t1i..4/iFH . lookirlg likc r fltr picrcccl clisc bencath hs in thc Liltlc Mlrltcrs). tllc . usullly a silrplc ligurc sulrjcct':rld rccl figttrc ottrsi'ic .r.. Arrriphon Painrcrs) lnd thc schcmc wxs bcins uscd iu bhck figurc rvtll . r.iris irr e flor. .1.r'ills curvc dolvn lo e shrllor'r'stcp on tlrc llrlng rrumpet foot.pcs.lrc to losc rhc boldly lnerked tcar pupil' . lirpcars l'hc eyc schcmc ..r. Larcr thc ..pt ty t: th)\ti&... rqlrt olrt ()f tcn ofthc rcd 6p1ure r r 51.

-rlhcsc yclrs .rnLl tltc uppc;rl of pl:rrn b1:rck ereas wils Lrctter apprcciirtccl and achicvcd. ()nc othcr (lrp shrpc should bc nrentioned sincc ir bcconrcs incrc';rsnull,poptrlrr Tvpc (i. This has I concavc lip, rnorc rbmptly ollser rhan that ofr bleck flsurc bend r:up, and rhc lirrc ofthe borvi runs don,n rhc squat srcnl to e rnouldinq on thc. ilartish t'bot. Some havc this f<rot and bocly brrr e strliqht 1ip- fhe gcncrll crcct is hcevier, ntorc scrviccablc then thc dclicarc stcnturcrl cup. Typc Cl's cur bc decoratcd oursidc ls wcll es in, but ofien insiclc only, end arc nrost popular tll bleck. Thc fcu' cups painrcd by thc Pionccr s lrc of rhc i.iczc typc, w.ithorr cycs, tivirg lirllcr value to rltc 6qurc contfrritioD Thcy rre .Lt -Il), r Lru I.ttcr thall thc nlairr run of thc cyc crrps and olli:r othcr variations 1o the cup pattcrn, such xs thc sr.vord like ccntrc le:lf to thc palntctes on Phirrries' cr1p, ovcrlapping irs tcndril 1391. One or rlvo ofthc specialist crtp peiritcrs spcnr ptrt of thcir ti11rc, ancl not elu,ays carly in thcir carccrs, paintinq Iargcr shapcs (C)1ros, Epiktctor, end thcrc are lesscr artists (or lcss proliiic) rvhosc rvork cen rc:rdily bc rchtcd to rhat ofrhe Pionccrs. llut gcncrallv rhc cups crllcd lor;r djllererrr idiom, lcss rclilnt on subtlc intcnsitics of detail. rrorc o1r cconolnical and tcllinE linc. They oBirccl lcss rooltr lor the scr nrytholosicxl tablcuux ancl rhcir It'r.tiurr.,t rry rlrc (Jr\,,rrt rg,.d d-pt.rr.rr' ,,f lrt.rrrr,r r. ur p.r1v \\1(.. itr rvhich thc ncw liccncc in graphic display of postucs and xcriori, novcl irl Eguretivc art, wxs full,v cxploitcd. On thc cLlps,"r,c can as rc:idiJy nlceslrrc rllc pronlisc drat thc Dcw tcch iquc hcld for thc rcprescnratjoD of ectiolt xnd crl) (rtion Thcrc arc f;w rcchrlical pcculiaritics ro bc obscrvcd. Tl.ic finc'coral-rccl ground had bccr used ftrr bllck fieurc first by Exckias, is sirniiarl_v usccl outsidc rcd fiEurc cups by Sk)thcs, lnd eppcars on ercls ofsonle all-rcc1-figurc crLps, usuellv frllins thc irrrcrior round drc londo, es l.:6], and on rhc zorlc bclorv thc figulc sccnc outsidc (and :rbovc ir if thcrc is a Typc C lip). It lcrrt l:r cxtra lichllcss to thc coloLrr tcxtnrc of thc vxsc, but wrs rcscrvcd lbt cups arrd e fcu, orlicr small vascs in thc Archlic pcriod. Cup p:rintcrs, likc the p:lirlturs r)f latger pots, uscd rclicfblobs fbr hair lurks ,,r rtlrct clolils on florr l' .ind qr:rpcs, but onlv r:Lrcly ol1 this slttaller scelc. Wholc rclicf figures xppcitr oD :r cr-rp m:rdc fbr dc-dicarion on the Acropolis by rhc Ercrqides Plirtcr lrool mcl ,.virh horscs, lvith clcrails irr rccl fisurc. Thcr c had beer cerlicr Ersr Circck cups dccor;Ltcd in this r:tan:rcr. Gilding is sorlretin)e! tdrlittcd on rninor relicf dctails of wreerhs lld the likc. OLros (.. j2j joo) is probably thc rost irlrcrcsrirrs of thc clrp prrrltur\
,1, \

()iiorr to Mcrrnon lasts lhrouqh his carccr alld thc kak)s inscriptiorrs iirr hirrr
cu1'ts.

l,l,.lr on neerlv halfhis

l.
.,

llrs carlier big
Lrsth

vascs are amphorac

I

Lrrnos showing Hcraklcs fighring Achcloos, whcre hc givcs thc llronstcr 'r i'..:rr rathcr than thc usual bull's body, etrcl is cxplicit aboul thc brcakinq r)l-il\ l,,,rrr [5a]. Panrphaios nodcllcd budding horns by the hand]cs ofthc vasc l<r rrpharire thc thcme. Larer arc othcr anphorac, one fbr Euxitircos, nlorc t'L,,rrccr in style and partern arrd ofthc new Type C shlpc. Thc psyktcr l5 dl is , ,lrccrfi-rlly decorativc vasc of nlulnnlcr dolphin-ridcrs, cach singing 'on rt l,,Lphin' ('epi dclphinos'), who would apPcar sca-bound when thc vasc wes

cnes-Pam phaios workshoP

ofthc distinctive shlpe madc rrr th'' fbr rhc Etruscarr rnarkct 156], rntl thc

".r"t".. \rrtirncnes Pajnter. His red 6gurc work on cuPs, cxcePt for sct-picccs on solllc 1,rqcr vesscls, is characterised by ajudicious cconomy of linc ln thc anatomy, 1,,ns curving foreircad-nosc line with tight lips, down-curviDIl to givc arr air

.,

, i,,

Thc black 6gure tondos of Oltos'carly cups [6r] rccall

'h'

ofthc

l-l;6-5l,forhisrangclncllonqcarec-rilndforhisrluelity,rvhichfellslirrlcshorr bcst irt this class. Hc r,r,ls a bnsy eltlst, kno$.r to hevc rvorkcd tor ar

long and slim, ears a sinlple whorl. As on thr: l'Lrintiai cup, Oltos will sollctirlrcs fill his frieze with large rcclining {igurcs' lLr llorels hc favours distinctive lotus lyPcs, cro\\'ted willl palnlettc leaves, or ., rplcr, with plain ballooning centrcpic.cs (on cups). Somc palmette lcaves . rc poinrcd or ribbed, and hc has a few torldos of palmettes only (as did Psiax) ' ( )1r his largcr cups for Euxitheos he puts a floral betrcath thc sccncs IJJ], as irJ Euphronios. The onc of which I show dctails gives a masterly and original ,.'rdcring ofthe assembly ofgods on Olympus with relling detail ofgcsturc, , l.rnce and drcss. Yet ir is the brisk warrior and athlctc 6gurcs ofhis eye cups ,rr which his individuality is betrer apptcciated. His other favourite sublecrs. l)urt lrorr thc Dionysiac and occasionrl bawdry, arc hcroic Heraklcs,
,,1 snrug chccrfulncss. Feet arc

lcest six clilLrrcrt poftcrs including thc cup specixlisr I(achrvlion c:rrlv jD his cxrccl, Errxirheos (rvlro also scrvcd Erlphro ios) rathcr ]:rtcr. iltd thc N ikosther cs-Panr phr ios u,orkshop. He givcs Lrs his rranrc on lu,o cr.rps nraLle bv Euxitheos but rvcll ovcr one hunclccl othcrs car) bc aft brttcd ro hinr. His
5a)

llrcscus, Troy. ln nrany respccts Oltos provides a link or clclncnt ofcontinuity ar a lowcr l, \'cl bctwccrl rhe stylcs ofearlicst rcd figurc lJcazlcy thoughr he might lr:rvc l,ccn r pupil ofthc Andokides Paintcr a nd thc Pionccrs. Orr r nc)<t cup paintcr, t,,,,*rricri 166-76, cot,ul (r. 5:zo 49o) has a sinriler background, since early iIr
57

Y
his c:rrccr irc p:rirrtcil .r r:rlyx cratcr for the pottcr Andokidcs, but hc secrrs subscqucntly to h:rve prcti'rrcd spccialisilg in the srnallcr vases, including platcs [77, 7d, rollr] a lhvouritc Archaic shapc which was bcing uscd by Paseas ancl Psiax:rs wcll as by othcr cup paintcrs. He u,orked for scvcral pottcrs in.ludnrg Ilischylos and the Nikosrhcncs-Pamphlios workshop, and is free with his signaturc - on nearly halfthc hundrcd or nrorc vascs survlvrng A Hipparchos (probably nor tftr Hipparchos rhc vxses sccnr too ]arc, rhc man too old or dead) wts his t'ivouritc boy. He signs onc plltc as borh pottcr and painrer (to dcdicate on thc Acropolis), so he wes vcrsatilc, anC hc collaboretcd on one cup with rhc Eucrgides Plinter. His eerlicst cups are bilinguel eye cups, as [66], but nor as pritrritivc as Oltos' first - nonc wirh rcd palrnetrc hcarts, no hesitancy in usc of rclicf lincs. Hc was a nlaster of thc circle it is his tondos and platcs wc rcrncmber and he rathcr fxvorlrcd cups dccorarcd only within. Thc dclicacy antl accuracy ofhis line evcn in niliaturisc work shor.r, how far yct how qlickly progrcss in cornmand ofthe brush had gone sinc,: thc Andokrdes Prinrer's fir:t attcrnprs. His black figurc shows a surcncss and a discipline which lerv practitioners of the old technique could still mustcr [66]: his red 69ure an cxquisitc balancc of line and detail, with rcsrraincd usc of colour and pattcrn. Hcads and limbs arc rnore accurately proportioned than Oltos'and he will usc the murcd, prlcr paint wherc others dash on the relief linc. His figurcs have rha! sculprural

1,, I rrrrrinq tlqurc hrd scrvcd uscfull,v fbr such frcltls Nor" r rLrlrtL ,. r,,r lirrcclinr:, sclLlrtlin!5, scatccl 6gurcsercuscd,ecliol:rlldoir-jcttv''rrt'l , , ,l rlt tr) ,,cc&. lJtus wc scc rhc sanlc stoopirlg, tu/islinq figtrlc tr:t tl 1i'r '' irl ,r I r ;o]. irDd ru'() sclt:indtllgcrs I tlrrn r,r'ilh:r chlrlllbc: pot, r sirl tt'rl' , 1 r L. (iock horsc ridcrs arc collllll()llcr rhan cock riclcrs ill (irtcL rrt
r

plausibility rvhich wc scc in rhe bcst early red figure and lleazley's nruchquored'you cannot draw better you..rn only drau drfferenrly .I,rs rro less thar justice to the [jrcatesr draughtsman of carly red 6gure. But hc was no sobersidcs. His myth sccnes are fcw, and seldorn highly original, but his dcpiction ofthe comrnonplacc, of(itizens rr phy, .rr hcd or b,.rrd 6hc s:rme thing for Grccks, who reclincd on beds for feasrs), and his contriburion to thc development of thc satyr as a psycho)ogical substitutc study for nran, plus a varicty of new cro[ic imagery, represcnr a considerablc advancc on what black 6gurc (wc think of the Amasis Paintcr 6rs0 bcgan to offcr and set a significant new rnood in the subjcct-lnatter of Greek art, no less important than the new ltarrative of thc Pionecrs. His tondos are worth sorrre ettcntion a favouritc subjcct for thc cxcrci5c of the aesthctics of geometry in composition. In black figure rhc primitive
58

,, r rlre (lustlc Ashb,v pletc Irolt'rl hc rrr:ry havc prclcrrcd to clirrrirr'rt' rlr'' ',., r,,rrs in his srudy oi lorvl lrrd boy. I r, i rtl oihis c.rrc:cr is crriqnetic. He plints oncc tirr l']ythorr (rr cLrp ol llrc lirqLrlc (ih:rlcidisrng shapc [7-5]) who wls po!lcr for I)orrlis' l Lrt' \ | Lr .r1li\t, :rucl is thottglrr to hlvc bccll afectccl by l)onris' sty1c; :rrld orrcc , ' ,r()\c1ros. :r potcr lor Earl-v Cllssical trlisls. I clotlbt whcthcr hc crrrrld \\ (Jr kcd vcly llluch lltcr thln ebout 49o, illd his rleruc r'r'ill givc us llr{)rc r l, i irr thc rlcxl chrptcr'. \ l( \\ otlrcl cr.lp peinters, rnainlv carll', cu irc placcd hcrc, thcir '"votk in (. s:; srs) who nlxyhrvc ',,,g ,lcgrccs rc'latccl to Epiktctos. Pnrton'ros portcr Flischvlos, , ,,1 .*ilLtrir,"1y lor thc Paillts cyc cups, nreinl,v biJirrgtral, r ,,1 r urq plLrnrp littlc erhlctcs with pigc()tl chcsts drlrvll iu t su'c'epiur: curvc ,rirlr tin,v crrs: plcitsing, unilnlbilior-ls stull [79, 6o]. Thc THALIAR(iH()s l' ' r.r r r H rs Iccolanisccl as the :r: tisr ofthc toPs oisonlc pol\rdcr-box pv_ridcs [8 t ] ,, lJorvtrotN-Evtl Patrlrn givcs so11lc\\r1:rr skclchicr btlr livelv vctsi<'ns of rllrlctc 1,921, \vilr_riol rrc] kornirsl fiqtrrcs ofthc bcrtcr ciuly ctlp P:lirltcrs, rl, thr S(rHrutLllllr PAINruR lE4l rcrldcrs rhcrlr *'irh lcss lssuratlcc rbout ,,1,()rfion .lld clctails. Thc l)El.os PAlNTlilt [6ilhes nlorc ofthc lirreet skil]s ,t il1t,rr.i,,.l Phcidippos irrcl a pirticLllrrl)/ dcliclrc bleck figtrrc hlrd tir L r,1os. Ancl thc WrNi:nlsrrt P.tlNtut rcdeeus sonc Poor draughtsmanship . Llr u.it flt5]. Finally. thc Htscurlos PAINTER, nxlncd for the potter who had , ..,, crrrployed Epiktctos irlrd PhcidipPos, who offcrs a eioocl cxamPlc of r ( P ,, rl, ,r full pll:ncitc complcx by the handlcs and intent, compctcllt-figurcs; still ,,,rzlcd, Lhough, wirh tirc propcr forcdrorrcning ofe shicld and dla\ irrq r , ,,tilc plus puri:rl-fr-ontal vicrv [.961. His hlnc] is xlso scerr oIr e llrgcr v)se of r rrcu, shlpc thc bcll crarcr. Srrrrrris(r.52o io5), ' thc Sc-vthirtn ', is a loner l6E gll Hc signs fbur cups, l,,r.r scorc oforhers altrlbtrlccl to hirn and two stilndlcls' His firvotlritc boy is tYpe, btt rccl figure lnside with 1,il-vkos. His bilirrgu:r]s arc not of lhe usllil]
.1

nright add thar his gods arc 1,,,.poscly ptirrts rncl1 \\rorse thrn thcy arc'. Wc equaJly brtttish as thc rn:ry look villain rnd merr hcro ,,,, 1,.,,"i ti,"r', hls lhcscus purishine whet rlighr bc jrrrerrdccl fcrr Skirol by his clilF fgol' Hc rnprrts a pcrky charrn ('vcn t; his xnirlitls, but it is in his cxprcsivcly inclividrral t,rccs th.rt his oll_-bcrt hutuour is c;lllqh!, er)d his dr:rr'r'ing, lf lot ambitit'Lrr. is rr)rupclcnt

,i,,.t fig,.,.. on a;orirl-led ground ourside thrct'ruc knowlr' Urrlikc rhc ,,,rjority oi Clrcck :rrtists Skythcs scells x conlic by itrrcDtion l)cazlcy is l,.r'',ys rpoteblc ancl will bc cited otrcn in rhis book: of Skythcs 't'htr

lrld canonicrl. If hc

r,vas

of forcigu birrh or beckground, bttr
59

ParNun w:rs reelly Skythcs in larcr ycers. tsoth praisc Epilykos (who is, incidcntaliy, arr arhlcrc on a phinrias vase) and thc,riood i, tirc r"r,c i921, b,rr the lrcdicus Pxinrcr is rather morc crude xrrd txslclcss. Nikosthenes and his youngcr plrtncr alld successor palnlphaios rlradc an iutportant scrics ofblack figurc vascs, many in original shapcs for Athc:rs, mainly for thc cxporr nriuker (,jllFHpp. 64f.). Thcir ied fig.,.c is l.ss c*.,ri,rg, bur Pamphaios nradc xlrlpllorae ofthc Nikosrhcnic rype for Oltos [56], thcre
ar.:

Athcri,rrr rr,rirurrr, lris vic,,v ofAthcns'life encl myth irieht havc bcen cliffcrcnt crrotrqlr to slrorv ir hrs u,ork. Scythians irad bccome Lrmiliar in Athens somc twcDty ycxrs lrctirrc. If his lrltrnc is not:l truc indicetioD ofhis dcscetrt 1r rirv il lc:rst bc e sobriquct dcnoting a rxlher ortll view of lifc Tu,o black figurl, plequr.s or thc Acropolis arc sisned by a Skyrhes, alnrosr ccrtainly the sarnc arrtlst ut a llrorc rcvcrcnt rnood. Bcrzley wondcrcd \^,hethcr the pEl)rEUs

l r, t,,

, l,rtition of stock thenrcs. His quality, :ls with many sucll scc()ll(l I rl(' r,,lr proliiic trtists, is givclt a\vay by incompetcnce or hck ol-tlct;rrl rrr L r :uch as ears ancl hands or thc body shown lhrough drcss, erltl sorrrt orlil

r

,,,,,rlronslikcshrllowhcads.TheEpernlosPAIN'IER[]oJ,7o6liPcstiPikl.l()\ . rotrgh coPics ofthc rrr.rslrr ', , rrril.rr rvey, indecd some ofhis cups look like I 'r',lc qcncrrlly is far wcaker than thc Euergides Painlcr's xlrd hc rrr,ry Ix' ,, ,, ,lcr run sirce he paints sonlc cyc cuPS with fan palmcttcs. Orr lro6l lrrs \ r I ( rpo fiuds ' rhc winc is sweet' (' hcdus hoinos'). ',( \ rrul cups in the lnanner ofrhc Eucrgides Painter, xnd one or two [ry l] ir rr. ,r\ r.rthcr uuusual singlc-r,vord iuscriptions. Onc is 'paidikos', rvhiclr irr
,

rhis artist, tottts dc .fortt- His othcr cups trc not of thc cariicst no cye cups (unlcss his early phasc is as thc Dclos paintcr, which l3cazlcy consiclercj) and hc is forrd of enirnals besidcs the handlcs (wirgccl horscs, eriliins, sphinxc$.

stands (copying en Etrusc.u.r shepe, but not a dcmonstrably Nikosthcnic modcl this time) carrying sphinxcs Iio3] ud a winged goddcis with heads ir the round end cotrbininq rcd 6gures, Six and outlinc tcchniqucs. Thcsc arc, lbr

but unsubtlc themcs [99], poorly but explicirly cxecured. The,EuERcrDEs PATNTER lroo 4l (r. 5r5_5oo) is narned lor the portcr fbr , whom hc nosr often worked (he also painted for Chelis). He coliaboratcd with Epiktetos orr one cup, doing thc cxterior, and hc sharei Epiktctos, admirxrron ofHipparchos, but all therc is ofthc oldcr mf,ster in his work is thc corrrruon range ofthcrrcs. His bcst u,ork sccms to bc on a cup he ma<jc for dcdicatioD on the Acropolis Ilot], sllowing Athcna bcsidc a vase paintcr, who is parnting thc interior ofa cup, orr a pottcr's wheel, ald trrerxlworkcrs. This iooks like i dcliberetc dcdicatiol [ry thc pamtcr, or rnore probably by thc potrer, Eucrgidcs, who t1lay havc doDe some Dlctalwork on thc side. The artisan arcas werc closc togethcr ir1 Athcns, and both cralts callcd for skill rvith furrraccs. W. h.rvu r.r.,rrd hi, r rccpriorrrl , up l,o r lh( A, ropoli. wirlr p.rrr_r,.het l-i5rrru, lrool..rnd hc nuy rJso bc rrsponsibJc lor rwo remarkablc hemicylindrical

",rj-lpikr.ro, workcd [or t]rcm bur their reqular red figure irtisr we krlow as thc Nr(os_ THENFS PATNTER (rlol thc same ts thc lllack figurc.N pxnlrcr,). Hc piur)ls f93 dl standard cyc cups, though not thc very;arliest, some .pa)nrccte_cycs, and cups rvith fi-iezcs, tirc bcst, alter which hc was firsr r.rarired, bcins his London cup rvith Slccp and l)cltlr. Thcre is rlso a red figurc Nikosthenic pyxis [97]. Thc stylc is brisk and adequ:lte, r]rc fisures iarhcr hcavy and sornerirlres ill-proportioncd, filling spacc in a rather old_fashioned b1;rck hgurc ruuncr, and clinging to black fignru subsrdiary ol n.tlltuDt. Orhcr rrroclucts of dre workshop, still busy until at lcr\r jro, errncd thcir u-ry wirh.,rieinal

solrc big kanrharoi end an odd spouted cup [981. ti"rh Otros

Exccution hcrc varies from whar looks like rather unskiiJed- copyitg ro c,r..6o

\cr '! as lhough it wcre thc porter's nlrnc, but rnore likcly his [icknamc (;rouP oF IJI Pattrtros Alanasrna (r' J20 joo) thc best vases are u hit( ., , ,r Lrrd :rud are signed by the polter Pasiadcs. Hc was not thc paintcr too \in':t l, .,rqns anolher vasc as paintcr (a whirc grouncl lckythos). This Paslaurs t , nirr,rr lvas a cut ibovc the Eucrgidcs Pailrter, to wholn hc is otherwirc , ,,.1,,, rclttcd (also in edrliration of Hipparchos) and lhesc arc chxrming. r, rt vlscs whcre thc prettincss of Archaic dctail is not overpowcrcd by a ,, I' ground. The rcsc of thc Group, mainiy rccl figure, is coarscr' Thc sccne ,,r tlrc elabtstron Iio7] is'rollcd out'in rhe phologlaph. It hls nor bccn easy in this survcy ofcup paintcrs to discerll major pxintcrhAvc l,t,ltcf qroups. Paintcrs wcrc sometincs footloosc, somc porte cs nlxy i,,.,, l"rg" c\ttblishmcnts, and at eny r:ttc pottcr siglraturcs xrc still t'w 'nd ,, ,1t cr atiribution by shapc not es well dcvelopcd a study es paintcr lttrillutiorl' \(i tllcle rrc 1lo ncJt divisions alld we arc gratcful wherc Peilltcr, portcr irnd I..rlos sig aturcs rcpcat oftcn enough, with some collgtuctrce ofsryle and thcme, () rcvc;l et lcrsr a tcmporery trcnd in the potters' quartcr. A flw olher pottcrs ,lcscrvc special menti;n, arld thcir errrploymcnt of pxintcrs Hcrmaros signccl L,,ur cups ts potter tlld his HlftMAlos PAINTER []08 lol llso workcd, probably I rlcr, lor the potrer Kachrylion Hc is a good paintcr with rathcr hexvy-headcd .lccpv-looking 6gures of Oftan physique, using dcviccs like doublc c'dgcs to ,lrto;r tops, rccalling Paintcrs of larger pots, cvcn thc Pioncers Kachryliorr ,lrc, crnpltyccl Okos and he:nadc Euphronios'two lircat cups He must havc l,ccn rn irlfluenti:rl figure to comrrand snch quality. (lhelis was anothci inrportant pottcr worki,l!! about 5I 5-Joo, :rnd ekhotrglr lcw signaturcs survivc hi! paillters arc known to havc irlcludccl Oltos alrd thc Iitrcrgiclcs Paintcr. Two of his signxturcs appcxr on cuPs by thc (lHFLIS l',rrNrtr Ii r r ], on onc of which parr of thc Paintilg is by Okos' Thc Tu'rr-ra l)arNTen also workcd for both Chclis and Kachrylion, but st:rrtcd his carccr ..rrlicr. He is xt tincs :I good xrtisr, best on a cup in Berlin Ir I z] rvhosc interi'rr ollcrs srudies of sclf-lovc by boy and girl, end lovc-nrakin!! hclped out by a
,
1,,

iirtcxt of vasc paiuring fltlst mcan 'boyish' rarhcr tban 'chi]dish': thc ,r r is 'prosagoreuo' 'l grect [you]'. Thcy appcar also on a nunlbcl of ', , ,,',." i,, closely relatcd style. On onc of thcse ' paidikos ' is written r'virh
ir!
lrLs

.r\rn.t ey.-.rrl\ eups r." lrIL.r' . draughtsrnarship for. which is lot othcr$.r.rinq rlru Epiktct:ur rlnuc oi sub.r. Bur tirc. rrrnrccl lbr thc pottcr of thc Ncr. /L ji J th(nL\ uf \rr\'r\ rnJ lr.rvc sorlr. Hdrlll irJ l. pp.r.ltNrrn Iru3].) l:rd ..LR is anorhcr crrclidatc 1br idcntiry rvith Apollo'_ doros ard_has an oriqiral way .trtirr.uhontt. Thcy copl.ig rrock as A fcrv ofthesc p:riurcrs h:rvc bccn scconcl rltc.0.csrxpscn' (.strcccss..rol ft. I show his rnorc sobclr works a bov flshiDe. or silglc rvirrior igur-cs.onA ClHAlnr.d a skill lt drar..li t:. h:rs bccn cliscussccl in Alll:H pp.ca.Anrnostos Parrrr rnn (.rrrl. I !. frrr cxanrplc.ros and his dos rvitlronr sonrc skill in posturc and conrposirion.r rrrs ocriocl. Aspects of the Pottery Trade iuscriplions on vrscs for./ru. sccllls dcsclvcd..r.9l who lcavcs his uatur...) ./r.] (Jthcrs arc less rc:rdi1y cherlctcrisctl l.ith thcsc ol Typc O cups dccoratcd insidc oniy. ui.. For thi\ and thc.if bld hc..jr. is ncver dull.tlcnr.!' l..ror. lnok rrr..J 1r pr. errd. rnd soruc ti.ficcclortrltrrltrtooclot'sorlcLontctnpor.thc shcer vcrvc ofhis'figrrrcs. and ltrcntio.rsrsouros ]r.j pil\\. the CiarurNr..isc rl cilrlv fceturc.rthcr rhen l. Of thc third rltc.r. ()fothcrs lirtlc ncccl bc sri11.u I e. Lsirr!.nr:rdc.r l)ArNlrir (Jt l-r.plinred.rLr h..f (l/n\..orrr. ic[1cri bl rhc uirl) T]ris is cxccutcd wirh thc qrcrtest car-c.rck 6'qurc... Thcrc rcnreir to bc rrnrccl u fc'rr.rfrlrr r. rror phirsc slippL'r (v.v York cup lvith thc wc:uy old Hcbrciv e. Thc Htr.k still il1 rhe tr.r. ParN lr.r Ir z5l. llcazlcy) nrir:ht bc crcusc'cl his surrrrlarl. othcr paintcrs.. I brrtlrs..e rhcm *'hich is distirrtrr r. Ztt\ i Thc sierificalrcc ot thc 'cpoicsor' (.urhs wrrl) lrots or u..i.r{cs elrd thcnrcs: thc Krss P.s Painter.iucccccling 61. mairly ofrhc l:rst clccadc of thc si\th ccl)ttt-y. It scc]lls _of probrblc.hlvc to corrsider in thc ltc\t chiptcr.. Bcrzlcy was Iot srtrc rvtrcthcr thc E|rr>tor.rdrnon.jecri.ork irr rhcsc ycars Irzt]. lclicfheir locks irrrl tlckline dillicult posrures wirh ncar.t ei. lcss illusrratcd I u r:Si.rrlr .s ' Coarscr Wing'. \\.ilcskins.. rlr. xncl myth t9_2rl_ Thc [] ParNrr.".as thc e:uly Aporl(rr)otros Ir i6 t. Thc Eu. n. r rl. r.lr parNnrr 1rrj1.l h:t ()1ti\.rrNrll is a corncdi:rn likc Skyrhcs.virh tondos thc Thcscus-Siris (iroup lrt5l end :r profilc head oi thc Moon ot an unpaintcd disc.r. d"cp_s. qrntrrlTr f. At.ihcir 7.s a dcvotior to-lr.d rhc rllenV Epclcian cups eftcr thc Eucrgiclc..Jlor. rcp""ti.rrr. thar has aLnost:rn appeal ofits olvn rf[cr thc'tlisciplirc of nrost u..l\. :\ t t ()t! \i.J .rroportion oircd fisurc rvork of rhis qurlity is ilr lowcr thrn rhei of bl.rvrxos PATNl.{s Cups shou. Sorr.vr.clctcrrnining nuurcs of poft"..'.l or rut..r. Ii:6].tr). ur po* lr rol. orr tw() cups. havc a sprced clouble line round thc tondo..ur"r.rr.ho wor. llclzlcy. styl" I. fl(. I i trl: nuntcd froru ll oftcn rcpcatcd kiljos llirnlc) r. 'fhc... rvith lobstcr-pot errcl a slrv ocroPlrs. p". wc have pronrolcd thc Nikosthencs-prnrphaios workshop. \.. tojuclgc frorrr the clistilrctivc featurcs wirh srlrall.g nosc lincs ancl.. Ihc Pllrros Parn Ltr erci od)crs reach I dcgrcc of absrrlc:tiou u. .attLr..cs of thc "rrj ilscripuons pcculi:rr to rcd liqrlr_c will bc nrcntiorcrl lercr.1r" i^r.iththcncr. lo. sonrc Gcorgc Bcrn:rrd Shar.

r
,s6

utth Itu .lLild Atl1ill6.

Niloi,r.,,( d,,pl.tu l\'()1 d\ (:liih\1 IL )7

t?-1,, Bti\'l\

R(lly
nl

,7.hill.: H.

nltlvd

(I
ao

ytt C) hy Olt6

jo

(]rp r),Oll.i. P\.nld,

61-)

l .rj.\ tl

61.

t.

i

l,dl1.i i(/rrJ 1(),l,dJ

66.i,

,

Cry irntd

by

Epil,.roj H. r I

j

69 C|p

\ilttn

7a Cry hy

Ltiktfis Mnbhtr- W t l

7t Atp

by Fti]ll.tas

Ji.n1q dip 7. Htraklts ud anrun: 71 Cttt by 4iknk's -: Crl l'y lytkr. O tL)y Ltikti:ds.os ./r .l .

\6lid Ly th('Ihdlidtha\ Pn. hritrn\ l d tn!) .' qr tt l)h(iditt)\ 3t Py. W I 3) ()tt ht ttu Boolain Et.n(r.

l/. hy th.1 H\1klr t . .1 ht)\thd' .p l)).rtI 8E C.A .f. .lturlft Pdl.r i.rfl.r B(ll tltttt.li.rr# 8t C t tt th( S. Il.Cup hy th.'.t4 .J. Dtl. Hirhyb! I'diltto.H t7 ii(r.1 1i .sl).\ I]]t.4.t9 C.lr.J rf sl.

Nil..\ hlin t. ()rf /rI ri. Ni^Lovr. r . it ) tl/t\ .r or t.\tltut! ])ni tu.. . o: t:tt).r.. t\11tut\ l\ttl.ll' .: ( |t rltitJ lt Sl)tlit / rr!1r Jrd S(.. ly tlt.4plb nl tfu tipotl At hu' ! dtuirt ./r /rt rr...)2 : r / ( r. 9r .

li ttr LL r(! dit 97 Nildrlir "i.ttL1 r.tt\ io aq./nl (-'.\r tt.rir l.5 f.l.t.ItLldkk.til fui1 I ? ) q( ()ttt hy th. ) Knnthatut d.l.r. I\.tutlkh't htxtttt t.J 9.1 . t .'f). Ly }h r'ith F.lt.j) l. Nil.AIL||.l nltrlr\\lt..y Nil.vr(. /r. Ni[rxhor\ p.rrr t r1 L)tt hy tfu hl tliL ! Pii t. \itnt l. rk Nilrrur\ lati n.t)9.J 1|.n/r.

10. L i. H.' dttuIi bJ. Pd\intu\ hlrttI ttt_ il .. th.di kt ( ? ).ro tra Cq ht th.6 Cnp ty th( Ep(l&s ])n tur tl't\t.: ht Hitkl.6. Otp Ly ttu F.uryidt! t)dnnr ttt h1 l fLt^futttt 103 Sta"ti by tht E dqitlL\ I. t0.ltLl.

C p hy th.\ ttt C llytlL( h. I hdlir Painttt '09 Crp lrt ttu ll.nos PLlitltd' (ht Ly tn llrlronki\ Prntut . 1 i.to8 C p by tfu H\tu1i\'s Pnnna.l^Pri ttl \ rt I)t tht l+id^.r n\i: Pri kt 1to Otl hy tht HuMb' Panlkt Dio )'\.

r lry /1Dll\\l r! 117 Ctp by Apollodorcs t tn (:r]' hy th.y Ap. EltkLiLat Paott.1 15 (:try hy th. A.lladorcs. '1tu\e^ n Si it t i8 Ctp l. Thttcu\ and Mnatdh t 16 C.nbh\ias Prinu )ro C t hf th( Anha'ios l'ni u. HcPhdi\tos .

t l\1i1kt )'t' t))' tl l\\tiln'1 httttd l\\111it dr L( 1:il ()ry lt).t /rr H(:crll/Lrii(\ ltrnr. (N t rn\.. ).ir\n!' .lini. 1tu Prnu ol th l. th! l)ttln)\ l\tirrr.r' i.). i.lrt (:rthythc A tltr!\'J /1rirrrr.)rrr dt lr..rl tud ah\ t.. Ki!! I\titt. . C1p l.r (). \..tud) h( Srhlr.litn Cl|itir\ lrj Ctt I'y th. izs Ctp lly l71i tu t ntu u\') ./ t 2. .) tr1 Otp bt tfu (: tdtlt.

by rLr)rrirlg to the tip ofa breast instcad of contouring it On broadcr areas of . It might havc bcen. Since rhe potters' quartcr was by this time well awarc ofthc value ofthe Etruscan markct. also went rnainly to Etruria.. .r. . What foilows generally involvcs a simplification of technique. apart fronr thosc supplying dedications for rrajor sanctuaries. Other ntatk(]ts. Certainly. ai on shiclds [266]. The relicfline remains important.. but it clnnot bc said as yet to have nrade a profound differencc to our view of lilc iD the potters' quarter. outsidc Athens.. like Andokidcs. It -has bceir suggested that manysets ofvases were ordercd for particular fcasts. ignoring Nikoschenes anci Pamphaios: barely two hundred signaturcs in ail are invoivcd). now .r lived kalos 88 nan-rcs. ..). rhis trray lrc responsibJe in somc degrec for thc plcthora of rcd figure cups..rl dernand from the overscas market. The reason for this spc. we would cipecr longer_ Chapter Three THE LATE ARCHAIC PAINTERS | . . xs for reliet rrr' l. which reprcscnt much morc of a break with the black rr r.tlblc that rhc bcst potters from about J2o on specialised in rcd figure or black figurc. except in thc hands ofthc . ..r srlpplernented by a detailcd study ofthe potter work ol. growing realisation ofhow objects m the round can be depicted . thcir full extcnt and only r shift in musclc line or knce cxp suElgests r r t lr ing other than profilc or frontal views...osition of the whole figurcs...r' rlistinguished from the simplc head-on views.rorc important source for conrplete early red figure vases.r.ativ-c. This is accompanied by a significantly new mnge of fLgurc 1. o:.1 . Siguaturcs ofany sort. knee caps.r 1.. \l)rcsscd by more iealistic draughtsmanshiP in terms of both dctajl :nd 1.. The falling ofin attention to minor details . but the bctter paintcrs scler:tive in its use for oulline while the lesscr use for thc 6gurc . ihis gives more point to..... tryl.. ..l. a matter oi differcnt proportion. srgnatures arc iDore cornnlon..1 .rgir. that painrcrs could and often did movc frorl] onc pottcr to another. but in gcneral the Patterns xrc less angular. Tlis mexnt that most full di[ner scrvrccs werc bound to be largely or partly black figure (except on pioncer-stockcd tables) until about 5oo when a greater propoition oflarger shapes bcgan to bc decorated in the new technique. ..r1.r(. And if thc kalos were thc prtron. in Grcece itself. It is clcar enotgh.... is replaced by a deeper interest in the pose and . now that paintcrs.. carly red figurc was particulirly weliome in Etruria. bur possibly the vaseiwere long on in the potters'quarter bcfore s"rle or choicc for shipnrent. l. especially Etruria..'rrr..lrr t lrc West.1. rntl a growirlg mxrket for Athenian red 6gure both within Grcece usc oF colour and pattern on dress.... for instancc.r thirncd. etc.lividual Pionecrs. . alrcady noicd. but incptly. the signcd:rnd unsigncd vascs. and continued cven into the fifth century ro handle more ofthc chcapcr black figurc vascs. ir is. inherited from black figurc. not both.tlcr. Anothcr element of spccialisation..lv ii.1. Close-sci lincs oftcn cover chitons. a ficld in which profcssor Bloesch has bccrr prominent.t . wherc thc point_of-thc inscriptions must have been lost. and donc in black p'rint . Sometirnes they help express the body forms..public -display and it is oftcn a paintcr who shows aJJcgirnce ro a particuJlr yourh in his kalos inscriptions. eyclashes. l' ''r rrrq ir weakcr mix which produces good black lines but lacks the body .. .r"".y iarely norv ofheads in thrcc-quartcr vicw 89 . Thinned paint is sonctimcs uscd ...... which hclped identify the work r.rks iincs begin to btcak into long arcs. but we may observc that some Jo pcr cent ofEarly Archaic vases with paintcr sign:rtures also cary potter signatures. is the domi'nance ol the cup shape for rcd figure work.. . while only r5 per cent ofpotterisignccl vases are signed also by painters (zz per cent.r.... L. for thc Grceks iD South Italy. then disposed of through a secondhand market to Etruria. and had designed special lincs for it..c.. Whilc several potters etrrploycd both black figure and red figure artists. and eveirtually hooks or'ticks'ttr . rucccss in this case). which at any rate tcnded to attract only thc bettcr vases.pcriod thcsc hrvc bcc.r thc developing use of white ground for certain vases! and is othcrr. together with the topical value of the-kalos namcs.o\ rnd v.r !1.. rlthough thcre is occasional gilding and rclief detail...lrrr. .. were motc conscrvarive in thcir tastes.rcsllortcning is still mainly conEned to the trcxtment ofobjects (shiclds).rhc kalos names and topical allusions. The pioneer vases which atrcst in thcir inscriptions the close rciationshlp bctwccn thc irrtisrs ofthe Group and Athcnian society. r.. but the ellcct is not proPerly undcntood' I lrc tincst dress ii rer-rdcrcd in nrultiple stacks of folds with neat zigzag hcn)lr rlr. ti irr hair.r. r. There arc some good forcshortcned vicws . (gcnerally with of fcct..t . where thcy wc'r-e admircd. whcre we would expect nrorc divcrsity ifdifeicnt Drtrorls wcre putting ordcls. .'. and probably cven in Athens.rrtLrnry (cars. moved from black figure into red figure.. which a"-nirlr-o.liciic shading.iialisation is iot quirc c1ear.mairr rarc. During this period eyes opcn propcr)y lLrLL. praising current beauties.. rrcration ofred figure artists explored almost all the new tcchniqLrc rrr.. rL. r ispncss ofthe true relieflinc. but wholc limbs are still . both for outlincs and for its Lrr ( {rrtrast with thinDer paint on drcss or anatomy.rLqqcst the broken hanging curvcs. so an account based oD potter traditions might not rr l in step with one based on painter traditions. .

mairr rarc..r... Sometirnes they help express the body forms. alrcady noicd..rgir..r thirncd. During this period eyes opcn propcr)y lLrLL.. xs for reliet rrr' l. whcre we would expect nrorc divcrsity ifdifeicnt Drtrorls wcre putting ordcls. also went rnainly to Etruria.lv ii.. ...tlcr. eyclashes.ativ-c. by rLr)rrirlg to the tip ofa breast instcad of contouring it On broadcr areas of . Tlis mexnt that most full di[ner scrvrccs werc bound to be largely or partly black figure (except on pioncer-stockcd tables) until about 5oo when a greater propoition oflarger shapes bcgan to bc decorated in the new technique. for instancc. .1 ... for thc Grceks iD South Italy. not both. rucccss in this case). Certainly. except in thc hands ofthc .. .c..r.. The pioneer vases which atrcst in thcir inscriptions the close rciationshlp bctwccn thc irrtisrs ofthe Group and Athcnian society. now . The reason for this spc... and donc in black p'rint . The falling ofin attention to minor details . a ficld in which profcssor Bloesch has bccrr prominent... . is replaced by a deeper interest in the pose and . \l)rcsscd by more iealistic draughtsmanshiP in terms of both dctajl :nd 1.. Since rhe potters' quartcr was by this time well awarc ofthc value ofthe Etruscan markct.o\ rnd v.rLqqcst the broken hanging curvcs. ir is. Anothcr element of spccialisation. is the domi'nance ol the cup shape for rcd figure work. but incptly. .. knee caps.pcriod thcsc hrvc bcc. which hclped identify the work r. And if thc kalos were thc prtron. but it clnnot bc said as yet to have nrade a profound differencc to our view of lilc iD the potters' quarter. o:. . carly red figurc was particulirly weliome in Etruria. Other ntatk(]ts. rhis trray lrc responsibJe in somc degrec for thc plcthora of rcd figure cups. srgnatures arc iDore cornnlon. What foilows generally involvcs a simplification of technique.1.r"". L.lrrr.. and had designed special lincs for it. were motc conscrvarive in thcir tastes.t . praising current beauties..'. we would cipecr longer_ Chapter Three THE LATE ARCHAIC PAINTERS | ...).osition of the whole figurcs.rcsllortcning is still mainly conEned to the trcxtment ofobjects (shiclds). which at any rate tcnded to attract only thc bettcr vases.r. and continued cven into the fifth century ro handle more ofthc chcapcr black figurc vascs. ihis gives more point to. Siguaturcs ofany sort..lividual Pionecrs. l. . r.. . Close-sci lincs oftcn cover chitons. r ispncss ofthe true relieflinc..1 . There arc some good forcshortcned vicws . It -has bceir suggested that manysets ofvases were ordercd for particular fcasts.r(...1.t .rhc kalos names and topical allusions. ignoring Nikoschenes anci Pamphaios: barely two hundred signaturcs in ail are invoivcd). rL. Whilc several potters etrrploycd both black figure and red figure artists.rl dernand from the overscas market. .r !1.r thc developing use of white ground for certain vases! and is othcrr. rntl a growirlg mxrket for Athenian red 6gure both within Grcece usc oF colour and pattern on dress.rrtLrnry (cars.... growing realisation ofhow objects m the round can be depicted . r. especially Etruria. the signcd:rnd unsigncd vascs.. so an account based oD potter traditions might not rr l in step with one based on painter traditions. . It might havc bcen. It is clcar enotgh..r. rrcration ofred figure artists explored almost all the new tcchniqLrc rrr. but the ellcct is not proPerly undcntood' I lrc tincst dress ii rer-rdcrcd in nrultiple stacks of folds with neat zigzag hcn)lr rlr. etc. bur possibly the vaseiwere long on in the potters'quarter bcfore s"rle or choicc for shipnrent..r1. together with the topical value of the-kalos namcs. and eveirtually hooks or'ticks'ttr .l. l' ''r rrrq ir weakcr mix which produces good black lines but lacks the body .. The relicfline remains important. thcir full extcnt and only r shift in musclc line or knce cxp suElgests r r t lr ing other than profilc or frontal views.... and probably cven in Athens.lrr t lrc West.liciic shading.'rrr. . wherc thc point_of-thc inscriptions must have been lost..r 1. both for outlincs and for its Lrr ( {rrtrast with thinDer paint on drcss or anatomy. This is accompanied by a significantly new mnge of fLgurc 1. apart fronr thosc supplying dedications for rrajor sanctuaries.r' rlistinguished from the simplc head-on views.y iarely norv ofheads in thrcc-quartcr vicw 89 .tlblc that rhc bcst potters from about J2o on specialised in rcd figure or black figurc. but the bctter paintcrs scler:tive in its use for oulline while the lesscr use for thc 6gurc . while only r5 per cent ofpotterisignccl vases are signed also by painters (zz per cent. inherited from black figurc. like Andokidcs.. . but we may observc that some Jo pcr cent ofEarly Archaic vases with paintcr sign:rtures also cary potter signatures.. that painrcrs could and often did movc frorl] onc pottcr to another... then disposed of through a secondhand market to Etruria..public -display and it is oftcn a paintcr who shows aJJcgirnce ro a particuJlr yourh in his kalos inscriptions. but in gcneral the Patterns xrc less angular. ai on shiclds [266]. in Grcece itself. which reprcscnt much morc of a break with the black rr r.rorc important source for conrplete early red figure vases. (gcnerally with of fcct. moved from black figure into red figure.rks iincs begin to btcak into long arcs. rlthough thcre is occasional gilding and rclief detail. outsidc Athens.iialisation is iot quirc c1ear.. now that paintcrs.. . where thcy wc'r-e admircd. which a"-nirlr-o.. Thinned paint is sonctimcs uscd . ti irr hair... a matter oi differcnt proportion.r lived kalos 88 nan-rcs. but wholc limbs are still .. tryl..r srlpplernented by a detailcd study ofthe potter work ol.

bclonging rathcr to rhc ncxt period and only indircctly rllected by thc Pcrsiin Wars. This is Archeic xrt full-bl()wrr.lrtron. while thc Bcrlin P:rinter has a slight)y diffcrcnt intcr-cst irr r. Yct cvcn itr tltc | | ... Some still ettach cxolic lotuscs..l l'l r rrr. !. llrr Kl{)ophrades Painter and the Berlin Painter llr..rablc clucs to thc idcrrrity of pailtcrs or workslrops. with the Bcrliu Peirrtcr .. ( .with thc pupils prrshcd to thc front..l lr.r iIt l()rc of his latcr work lo triviel qcnrc occnsions.rrrs were dcfc.r .c artist.r spccitl skill in cornbining two figurcs 1n onc contour. cspccirlly arrphorac.. and in thc vigour of battle or darrcc. like thc Klcophrldcs Paintcr again.up pxintcrs arc distincr elrhough not totally cxclusivc groups. or sct o[r1iquc1y iD p:rirs.t I l()rcr)tinc to thc Bcrlin Paintcr's Sienese'. rrr . pcrhaps.rkron rvith Hicro . r lin l)xirltcrl ancl thc pairltcr ofpower. nrost ertists.tivity xrld inflncncc..t rlr:rLrghtsmanship or mood. r rr lro dcvotcd severxl rnonographs and xrticlcs to thc'111.v.'.l . ofthc trvo: 'Thc painlcr of I r . Wlr'rl t.r.rr\ r. " ..1. r.rtcd at Marathon and thc irunreDse popula ty of Nikc (Victory) oD Athcnian vescs lronr this tirtrc on is slrrcly not unconllcctcd. concentratirlg ou thc indiviclual or 1.aDd o\\'e morc to thc aulhority ofEuthyrliclcs rr .'. ln thcsc ycirrs Athcns was scttling to its rlcw co[stitution deviscd by Klcisrhcncs lftcr thc ryrannv ofl)cisistrltos and his sons had been ovcrlhrowrl.ratures.r.Ll)cs (ircluclir)g rhc bell and colurrn cr:lter) and a much qlcatcr onc .Doulis with cerrrury. Ilrygos aDd his paintcr.l rrr.crc trxiDed in thc Pionccr School ofthc latc sixlh ccntury r ..vhosc own intcrcsts for insurncc thc I(lcophracles Paintcr and Troy arc nlorrl rcadiiy now pcrccivcd. Thcrc arc no inportant new sllapcs. nltdc so rc r .. lt. rlthough we nlay detect a nlyth-bon1 corltnlcnt by x rnorc scusitir. Cup tondos arc bordered allain now. !. . rathcr thirn r l)..r.cofsubjcctborhs!art.vith nracandcr anc{ squarc patterns lvhich appear also as gror:nd lines or bordcrs otr largcr vxscs end lckytl-roi. . . Mxny stock scencs are abandoncd irnd replaccd not by new convcntions but by original compositions which generally have il short vogue within a wotkshop or are pcculiar to sinqlc paiDtcrs r. . to considcrltion of sulljcct.rnrtc. trr. lvhilc the Berlin Paintcr's rareJy raisc norc thau at cycbror.tr*r\. Subsidier).L ofwhrt nc'w ground \\.:rs beillc brokcn . rll( ! \'xscs.'1'hcir' . Thc myth scenes show lar grcatcr diversiry. r t. clccorrtion chanEcs in chrractcr and inrportancc.r. to rctluild.ogglc cyes are rescrvcd by nrauy pairrrcrs lirr rlrc fcrocity. M.rlr . rrorc exquisitely dralvn. Thcsc were hcctic lncl exciting ycars for thc vase peintcrs end it is sed that wc'arc denied nrorc th:rn qlirnpscs 9o ll. yct rherc arc carry valr.rltll.r lr.l... r r. | 1. ln thc flrst quartc'r of rhc filth ccnrury rcd fiqurc pl ocluctioll 1t1ust roLlshly hevc doublccl lftcr its siolv ..lr. Sonrc peintcrs kccp handle p:rlnrcttc cornplcxcs on cups (as I)ouris). l]lack pattcrns are r. 1.e shall consiclcr thcnr togethcr first. .r. Thc l. Thc Berlirr l' r r r r liqurcs arc lighter.r. but rhcrc erc sonrc stablc texnrs .aconccrrrwilh r rr . r r. Douris). orchangcs in proportiorrs.rrri\ts \\. .pcs is now dccorated in thc tcchnicluc'.tltv( \i(\!puirrl." rrLrr llc gocs for thc Olynpi.ri.andtosonrcdcgreemaintxill.. In 49o thc Pcrsr... I nrvth thc diffcrcnce is yet rnorc rrarked.l r. rL rl)c two srcat pot peinters ofthc carly filth r\\.11.rr thrrn !o thc n)ore academic and probably senior Euphronios.onrpercd and contrasted'.!.r.l Lrst of rclicf linc fot conrour.llc crrCCIS. enri . rt. irr thc tcrDls of an cxantitliriorl Dtpcr. silrply rc'fincrnents of old oncs.lc: l'lintcr renrrils closcr to thc Pionccrs in borh stylc and tuood. This ch.angc ofpottcry shf. ofsatyrs and Heraklcs.. Thc lLlll .rrr only ir prrt be exp)aincd by thc Klcophredcs Paintcr's (or his . lu itsclf. whcrc silniltr specialisation is apparcl)t.lLr. r .l . in a true blue lvay.ns and. mock or_rcal.Loyllty ofpainter to pottcr is by no rncens rbsolutc.:rnd the contrast ofintcllccturl forcc as wcll r . So u. Therc are orhcr chlnges or novcltics in subjcct-ruttcr. l. thcrl I r! suspcctcd encient fbrgcrics of signarures (Epiktctos. There is a snall range of iloral bar-rds for the larger vlscs arcl occasion:rl claborate cups . Paintcrs ccrtxinly spccialisc morc and thc pot prinrcN and . such as thc tcat stllall Nolan ncck amphorae. cspccillly in car)y carccrs.' Carry thc conparison bcyond r. . thc Klcophradcs Peintcr's satyrs rrc lustv .. rr \ l){ conlcs the strongcr. l' rrr. If ar. likc orhcr cralisnleD aDd citizcns. with a subtlcr and r l..tt \(crrcs thcre is x conhast. I I i. uprielrt or or1 thcir sidcs. I . cspccially pottcrs! rrc lc'ss fi-cc with thcir sigr. rl. Thc clivisions rnust dcpcnd ntorc upon thc pottcrs ernploying thctr..rr(( Pyrhol. The Bcrlin Paintcr rt rr.rrcr now all is rcd figurc. . or1 which ll-rost ofhis latcr peintinq is . from tyrerrny to ncar deruocracy.ri I)ionysiac. by no nreans confined to thc syn-rposion and palaistra. being rathcr reflectivc ofAthcns'ucw rnood of Enrpirc.'nrl)iuing rheir carccrs in tcrrns ofsbepc popularity the ovcrllp is not r.v clillcrcnt qurlitics xrc rlr r Lr.sccrns closcr to the Pionccrs too r. Archlic still both in thc static conrposition\ .t rrrr rrr rncl thc p:rlaistra.ulptor corltcrnporaries. pcriods of . Itr 4lto and 479 Pcrsians occupicd and sacked Athcns.rnd spccialist stert.. is rlarkcd in art probably only ir sornc chaDgc of rryth svmbolisrtr (scc Chaptc'r Einht).rl. These dcrai]s oftcn | \ rlt. and rolrndcr {.v bc othcrrvisc . kornos or rthlctc scclrcs. ()rrpxrisorls ofthc Klcophradcs Pxintcr: 'Hc nr.rr|()\itiors.r.rirr pcriod ofhis activity and prcfcrcnce for thc large cratcrs which rlr.. ergtrrttrly the rccl figure artists whosc works xnd crrccrs wc cenjudgc.circumscribcd palnrcttcs.. for thc Attic t)r . probably bcst xpPrecirtcd whcrr ' \ L r)( nts uud vcr. r. The Klcophraclcs Paintcr. thalr obligc thc potters.rr-c hctvy with powcr.. rr.r r.tr\ r\ n()st:rlgix aDd rhc nrorc sober novclty of Clessicisrn.ly bc srid to Play a I r r. dlis sccrus to have donc no rnorc.rythiDq.rrucrl. ln thc subject-mattcr of the sccncs olt the vascs thc most conspicuous cl-rlnge is in thc numbcr and variery ofgcnrc scenes.

a ritual shape.thor. '. tlrc trrr. I'hc fhshior for thcsc cxccpttrnrlly lergc vcsscls was st:lrlcd lry thc lJionccr-s rvith rhcir 'plrrdc cups'. lcirnin!j his lcctcrs 1utc. t .not black . alternatc oncs cncloscd.. intcrupted rathcr than brokcn (es by thc ll. rr. allowing us to sharc his plc. r. Iurhyrrri(l( \. Thc statucsque strength of his figurcs has lcd sorne scholars to bclicve that he was a Pcloponnesian.r r\ n n.r. and xnothcr rcccntly irc(lLrirc(l il I Ir ..ri of thc Pi(xrccrs. His cithlroclc rcciring cpic thc worcls 'ls oncc irr Tityrs . rrd r. but hc adds a series oforiginal studics of Trojan sccncs.rrr. His red figurc plttcrn w{)rk is r Lrtl((1.. mainly from the Iliad.v:rscs (inclrrdinq cLlps fbr rhc p:rirtcr I)ouris) l). r plirlted as a brown . rtrcl so thc prinlcr. rlccp recurvcd hook of the Pioneer collar boncs gives place to straight ... arld wc may tu r now to scparatc coDsideration of thc two nlastcrs' carccrs_ Thc KJeophradcs Painter [tzg-qzl is nanred . and if he lxtcr gives promisc o[what Early Classical sculpturc in thc Pcloponnese will achic'vc. . Acschylus.l L.xplor. and although he shrinks from forcshortcni]1ss cxccpt . llrainly upriliht Palmettes.rPuintcrshadstoppcd. Altrrsis.rr. with its lr ur r r rlr..ftcr the potcr whosc signature appcars on onc ofhis t\\. This is au inrport:rrt itlcntificrrron of :r lhrrily in thc pt ofi'ssiorr.r ro hirvc bccp irrrcndccl sinr p1y es ficlcls lor linc dr. L liqurc. Nikc. hundrcd 92 His painting carccr besirls by 5o5.. rry placluc. by trairung.Theearsoncarlyfigureshave .rrrd Theseus and several calyx crxtcrs but thcrc arc rnlstcrpicccs still llr rorrr. r()frc 1nd on :r later loutrophoros Ir4r].circle and dot. li Eyes soon open at the inner corncr with the Pupils wcll forward.i ind later (and scc thc Boot Painter). rhis mty lrcan no morc than thilt hc rcflects thc birth ofa ncw style.rtrir v rh rouglt m yth.rlrr()rcofhisvolutecratersisuniclueinhavingtwolriczcsorlitsrrcr'li.. l. Whcrc thc Bcrlin Paiuter is introspectivc in :r spccial way. I s lrc simplc hooks.r urrd Ilcrrllcs. some stxndilrd latc sixth-century neck amphorxc and perhaps a tr.t'_uvouritcs Atlrtn. A latc cup has a figure friezc round the tondo.uion rrr. cnds soon after 47j.1r.. Bur rhis is part ofanothcr story.!1.r ot lrulr.. He also dccorated in blackfigurc somc Panxthcnric rr. rviclc.rctrrrts to rtnonvlrity. Thc Klcophradcs Peinrcr's stock scerlcs:rrc closc to the Pionccr rcpertory. ligurc pottcr/peintcr.rr()rrq forward projection (lobc aDd tragus) simplified latcr to a tighter . but his carly rvork in Athcns is purely Piorcer.'Lr |ointed anphora in Munich Il3z]. .rLlr thc Typc A aorphorae with thcir black pattcrn borclcrs lr-:91.rrlcl Klcophradcs' tithcr.rnlc t\ rr)r lno\\ n.rsionally in the work ofother paintcrs (as Douris) as it had bccn ir1 l. rogcthcr to whlch hc contributcs clclicecy ()l- figurc study rrrhcr thlrl originelity of narrarive.. which are amon!! the larqcsr cups rvc knorv.rvc bccr) a rcticcnt rtrtist. . rr lr rvork can rcadily bc mistakcn for that of his nastcr..ru.l)l(s xre ignored.lrrlitv ofhis Egures does not render them intmobile although it is morc thc 93 . rrs paircd. l.rrro. a1d tl)cy scc. Hc sccnts. sonrc lo crll. 133].1. the line from navcl to pubis is usuilly black. a poct ofthe sragc rathcr than rbe drawins-roorn and many would aslrcc that wc coltlc llo: where closcr to thc quality of Ciassical Greccc than in its stage poerry.lLrc was lppropriare. . r Lllr's. cspccialJy. r\ ri.urrlc ofstocL nl)th sccr)cs arrcl 'I ript<. or ol)li(lut' I'l ll. He had learnt to paint bJack trj tL. Thc l( lcc>plrr aclcs l)rinter'. .llil cclcl]r rlllrri ll. Hc continues incisingE hair contours long after most i.r liir :. sir]rple key or maeandcr.t\1 \\1)rk comcs rftcr Joo.. borvls. but rvrlting kelos or kirlos ci ('you rrrc handsorrrc') erorryrrously. p. . \r()Ilach patterns or shields. and .rc. '. with vcry rare lotuscs.. stamnoi encl kulpir[s L .rc fronr his rtrouth is cxccpriorll Ii 7.lcnros. tso'. which inspircd both our artist and his coDtcrnporiuy.' issr. not brown. bur thc r. Thc signulu:-c of thc portcr. which Athcnian scu]ptors wcrc seldorr to prxctisc. pcrhaps a Corinthian. . the Klcophrades Paintcr invitcs us to reflcct with hinr on thc dilcrurnas ofrnan and hero xs docs r1o othcr Grcek vasc painter: a robust intclicctux]. sircc thc:-c is sorrc touscnsc on iris clrly rvor ks. an ciabor. l)cnrctcr uith.ritr'r h. I lrs tiqure drawing has sonlc distinctive features. Thc r. nenrinE no prcty yonths. . and has other favouritc rDilcllrr(lcr t. wherc thc okl r. latcr turning morc to pelikai.o Pxris cups.. srrrclv thc tintous bl:rck 1. with rhcPariscups Ihtad dttails.vcrc rhcrcfbrc louncl lppropr i..rrg.l . rllr l'. Thc vxse shapcs hc decoratcs erc on smaller figurcs sometimcs with il distinctive semicircle dip xt thc jorrr. Ile \r . rnd over vases hevc been attribLrtcd onc' to llirtr.rsurc in perfcct line or isolatcd mood. I rr.rossing or composed of T's [132. wltich appcers tlso r)tr tt Icilst tw() orhcl. J tr"d rrrot I bcuirrrrt rrg with thc Homerrc pocms. They :rrc .: l.r\ lur long dcscribcrl by schollrr as'Epikrcros ll'bccausc this siqnr!Lrrc rppcarccl nvicc on en unclisringuislrccl pclikc I r 4.. cspecially in cornplnson rlr rlrc lJcriin Paintcr.. which sccm ro fulfil what Exckies had promised in syrtpathctic undersranding ofhow nryth can servc as thc rnirror to life. and their vasc pailters thcrcforc ncvcr to clevelop as the artists ofthc Pcloponnesc could. hc observes well any relaxed stancc.rlr.t! lny rrrc ro h. .lrirr inrprrcticrl. l. I S curvc and lips may be outlined lending a somcwhrt disdainful expressionllr. Nostrils often have a '.rnd rvls so rccorclccl in rhc lirsr prirrrinq t)fthis book.. r(x):rl1d uscs thc tcchnique for subsidiary fiiczcs on somc ofhis crrly . Ofbordcr or ground iinc pirtlcnrs lr( lr.virh thcil shrll6q. it rray bc.rs subscqucntly bccn eblc to provc thit thc silrnir!urcs rtrc nrodcrn fLrqcrics.butnotobsessively.rtc for thc cxpor t rnlrkct rnci tirr clcdicrrior irr slurctuarics rt hornc.lilltcr) by a box or cross ilr squarcs. ri.

iip1..i'..rrlr...r-."...f..il. rrlr.... lirrr.1. rre.fr..]lr'f i ..rr.1.t\rc.: ti.: .u1 n.l rr... 1.lrnrqrre i.1..ll) p..t'.'kl. Ihc r.' . .r*_".]-ltyrqd(prrred'r\rr(\(rL..i."1'.rrrgc b. .rr...... rrrplrorr rvith I brrsy Anrlzononrachy Irir9J.. tajl.o*..lu.r".rrlurr tlru A ."llii'il'1'^.r.r.. r rr 1.'i.1'..r . ti]... .)' His .l X.li lll". :r..1751. lrkc Klrophr...ri"g i.." "...d i..1r . l.1.'. I..1r.'.rni{hrr. )L...rll_rr.r v.'I':.'.f.r. u clt mrrr...u...gr'.. k vr.1.i..rucl. '.it.. . *.[:..er I.o .'".r).'n-1 r.'o" oT *..:...rr....i Hi\. lr5o jr...]..i.'.. * ..t urr ir........rtrcrr r1rc . r llr. i .i..rr rJr....rwing.. re.)v(r.....urr lr6ol._.r.. r .....rud lorus..trtn pairccl.rrly rhr.*... ll."t wiclr k.t H. '.. .... r.l:.( t...lrr.lr.r(l.l.r.rlllli.. ..u.tr.i. l)rorrvsi r'r rri. whiclr urc bl. .lli'll] iould lrardll h. . rrr...rrrd Apollo.i r)utubrc r. . Wc..l.11 ..r.. rrrto lcloil_prlrrLrr-.. o. rlru ( ....fr"i .rorrv.ur U\cd. lrorr.'.1 rl)(..rrrrcr... r. t'.lr"lllr.rnd or[.s .. l.. .'r: ':' '.].'"1#]?'11"i"...lLr.': j]'--.rrr .t..:11i. .: rrrd hop.....drrri.. rrli.'rr..t.l..(...rer.k..l.: .:ll.1.. .""r..rls v...1 .. . tsu rzl.:: .c. ..r..s'who"c ...dr..rrl) r lirrcs .. ..rc rrrrplrorrc: r.rc rpd l ..i....1r.. No orher r.. ''.'. i..'i": I hc5( rr\ .ilr..... (lL. tsq111.. ...1..rir .l.."crnr') or.....' l"rrIo('r'r'rp( 6'*p 'rr ...t.1.. let'i :rrd right.r.drl.t.OrD by t]re wOInett.rrr .r... r'u\T "'.. rrrlirre of cyelashcs orr rhc rnorc . wnor..i'."y..rrr hi' p... orrrpositions appctr or1 crarcrs...lli:...i.r. pr.r1r jr4i. wirh neat circurrrsc..rssrr. 1r....r...): ll. if wavy. .cJ..ncn...l vrhoi.qu...:l: .)....rrl ..r1 rigrrr..iiJ'i"l'.f...r..i.. k trorn S......q"o.... u.... rr\Lr rrrclLrding ot ....b"'*"""Airx....1 6.l.ljv.i]'::]::" *t.r.rrriqn.'l:'r.1"..1.'.in.i...'.d 1r.r( rr\...]l:i...t.o..rrorr or pic..'opy rr\. k.i.r.ck . .11tr.. .'i cd..'orrr '"... 1..i:.rrtrtrri.l......l r. tl. .r.ll l...r . a.(hr.ii.... . rlrc Euchariclcs aud l)uruit paintcrs.r ...j. ifr..i..r.ro...opi. r' \r( haic sr:rckcd folds ro all-ovcr. i"i.1. rri.-rd ll."rj.i....r rro l.'i.i.:i.. clrc l'" o'/v . r.1: 11.llnr.. i.i. .i r.r".....t.. It.1. rrrvc ". i rl . hcm)inc.. -r.". t.rrr...rrrrzro (.rrlr."..du..w(. . hrrr rl.i..Jl...l.r'"i() "l.rll..rr.......l.1'].rrr..d... f.l t....rcr.. lr.r...o... .. rn. or rlr..rcll . '('lrc('rll Ir" otrri'u * ltcrrru of a".'.r.... ..y^o] i...r.t Lrir..croo.111y111.r.cr \ orL..rrc rro.". rrft1\...."..1 iJcr. r"r....: ot b(...r... il.rn worrrrn r.. .1.-i1.r.l g.. H.iduufrlr(rrrc...:ji'.111-.rr. rr.rirrt] l "r\tJs......ior.rc ^.. r!. i. ....en r"ty.ilr:l::l...r'n''^h'r'...rlr...... p rrti.. ^. .... ..\(...r.'.rck irr lr l.r u.ll ul.x.rnr .r. t..1r'r. ]il ll llll'lr+rlbUt ..r.rrp. "r. .tr.:..i".rt rrlrr....'''"..v. f.ii"*s) ". ..*li:IT iiil:ll ]...rppc rr' rrr..l*._ ' .:.lri r.clrl\ prc'cr''t' problertr' r'' which u' c'rrr r(|tIrI) '1'|(I rl i-. :l ".1.) ruo t.r n p of rh... f..:.....or r*.r' )(orrrpo\.i'l'(iorr'tttov'tts(in('e.i.. *"" n n'' crcek fto.:.......rol rrrtr i.r. f.' . i.*. tr. t.j .." ...forcor.c.. r ..ltvc. Ir"j..r.['":"Jlr\ ) belon' tn tlrc rc.ind.rr....rrr.:r(.......*1. ll.r].i...i"".. a..: ll.. 94 "...s tt *"'.iiJ.r.rchr.::l.. . .f.J.(ri....'' .. irrri.rrr.LlroIls.* .'rr lronr.rrrlr L. rr'rrrv \^(rc ttor irtttt.. Hr.r lr.Irn."..i ...r..lli"i1... bl.i. ....r ..r.r...1.r. l... .r tlr.rn... rll) Ii:ir frf ... no' i'li]]"'ii'vr\c rrrJ\ r(prc\(rir 't'' n^'' ..1 l Hc prdirr l)rorrysi.r grrnd_ 'orr.:j..' .r*rf:. r/. i:l'" "'l:'""" ll r l.rls or E.r h..rry littlc.rl Nol rrrr.'.r..rr...l rrr.rJ """ rrr y DC l)l\.w ......n" d('5rn.". rrrd r.n'.rl. lt.1..(u tll(.....ll i i. '' -ly' r \poll.r..i.lr .t('dbvLircct.'..rcr\ i.. .t rl.rrklr.r.. .....rrtirtr '""'.f. lo.:l L\il r\ . [. H..1. l. rror drv liku trorrn.....r...r".) ....'. . rrrrpr.._*..r.rt l..rrJy tll.pJrt.. . '..l6.A.. l....rrI rhc. .. :..rs 'rot rtr.rrr rc. ou his carjicsr work.." .rh(. .r" ... .i...1:... krlpiiics. O. I.. .b'rt ..r.p..1' l.. 1 -....'..rrC u.rbour 4\o Jbuur Joo rr. ir\i. n.. i.r'..lil 1'] ur .rdL.r. ".. and thCrc arc 1i....rr.lo frcr.rrr..'i .)....".^rrrrrrr.".n.......J -_.r.rrl....rtr rinqler.i....rr.r. 'r...ri. r...rru.. n 'r) sc.tot . 9J h------- -. i. rcjcur or A1l)rJ.inn\ \ro.rrrrt ... rncrr i lll" l....vc 61611.*tr.' 1h.t..crr rnd nor rl'|u L'' .rrr I I . n.--.-..r* 1. Lrur ifr.ri".r.<r.11(.rrr...*.'wrr itrr...... clo:rks." 1h.i".iu.. /t ..""iii I urrrrtr\co...Hrr\J'h. Jr-on)c.r" rrrc\..\ irr I...... rnd rotally intcrnrprcd "...l'l'. 1...rcr1..rrc rrr...lrnt1r{\ ..dp".. l]llllls ri. .r..11".1:"::.".rl..rrrdHc. w.r.1' l :' ""c^ cvcrt iforri) i..ir.uc hv h(....rrL.. Acrru.r)1. tr..r.ri..i..rrtr s ork rhu rlrcsr iir '.f::'l: I "i...r) onr. .i. o. *..rbl. vcrrrr-.-."..i.:..t* .r) hc .r.'rfr. ::l: "'..1 '-'. ] ' ...i.-rrrr.'lt't' t'r'drtc([ r'r irh u. nro\r lrrrrrdrcd "r *rr. . ...'.r. ".r..trcl l... sc.r. \.-l .-]. :::'r "' fr izl " r.f . rri..rf. w.. rtr...]]Y1" i:"j ::'. starnnoi...a ' ...ir.t...lrrr.']"]]:' . .. irr rlr. ''....rrrrrrr..unphor-lr ltat..'r..".c. .. of rrr.rl(r.: ?l..r..r\(\.i....*.idi..1*...t..." rl rrlir.'.." il. ......l..rrrd thc crrl!:rrrphLrr:rc .' .. .ror... i. th!...i .'rr ....rrd (l.r: rrr.. ..nqr1j119 ".*.hor rr..rr.rrrerrh.. \.i". r ...u. arrd .r. rrp' 4'tt. hodics arc orhcrrvisc rhc l:rccr N.-"'S:l zrLr.*rri. l:..t. r.1"1'.ii. ... 1r.rrrf Jror..r.rrrvrrr."'.r. ..r(y .rl. j ..rr\cd.. rrlr|111.\.11y.. Lr rtlr.. ..6.r.. rrd tookrd ba.t..rLlr(\.. . .l...1. ror .r'. r. /odJ rr."......._'... r. . lll'. In his l. rr.... Fl.i.. ru.i'..'.brf.... ..).... .tdllr!.rrrrl .. "r.. a]1 .:'i:l_l..i.. b. pJ..i. to .h.rni. .f.. b."rt".'.\\rrj) Lulll rrrrphor.-fi .. \rrrr ofd....."pr rii"..d lL. Lrrt \ (...lgcd in rhrce_cluarrer vicw iionr front or brck. lr..r'r.urtr(..-- .r).f.r.lri.....i.'..i..' rrr bv rroj rn'r: ..... l." l:......11.rrJ *c."1:l :. l!]lli*..iii . t? trrt qrcar V..rrrqlc. r..hr iy pr"... .i."]:': n ott u h1t r' (c'l'rrr)iv hr\ wt'rk' Hi' .l.c\ r.t... ..).rrd hr.rt r.rl "'r. by b...r.ibt.r1 1....r.\.ur ..ly rd r rjp..rtrrr. l 'ot lll Ltr(l( (..rul.t .n.rib.... lrrp.n rL.. I .t rt\l.:ii.:....rD lcnd thcntsclvcs to sinuic-figrrrc srLrrlrL. ..:.riorr orsub....ii \ \rr(rrr(rv lh trrdrropwrrcr. a clirros.)(r.......\ \ lr)(.. rn(\ tJl dr(\\.t.. . ' sid..r. ..ru...1.. .r lcvcl. ll Icpe'rftdl) rertttncd.n . .1"b.r.rrL.ro...inr.r rppru.....

2 Lrtt\'\l t.T 119.\ti\tiq' t rly\ d\ttu by ltu Kl.rplltuAtr l\t.t(r.9 t .harr( Iyr A)[yl" Kl&\n1tdLl(: Pni kt.1 13!lly n"q. . H.D(littu(.. lr I 1.9.itht. : (:tly\ tntlt ll\. ll(nnn til H(/r!rivo\.1)y tlk Khrrhnna hlttk\ .

jo \\ t:.rL I'rit. .h' tNr *Ji R (' ti li il{.V $ \ t) tlt. t lt \tlt.: t l\ttttttlnnttlr\r L). t.t l ).tltt ^ltrltluri\ 1\litttr 11.

.nr.i. lt i7 KlLop)t r' .\ith'r r.ii .).tn.\ /. Nfu|?):t1\ trl . l. /1.rn'r.^aat./ KdJrd.j /r. d .r l'd.i. H.! d..E . t1E Nuk mryhou lty Rhd. ir.aphraAi Paiikr .lnd(: tatiltkt r i... K/.Ir/ Pntrrnr\ .ni1.lrrrdd.rij..y th.l5 Kr/pij r).rr.ll). Atrtd\ d . (l. l)ti r:A dt.j ..t t6 Kn\)i\ l. (l.y r/r./rri r.l A. . P. Klq.rrrrhtuh\ ht i..

rnt i15 l\nrltuliit d ryhor Bilh l\ti.A) ltt thl tt! l\'lilt L) tlr KltrllIrtlt.t l\tit . t2 . HtfuklL\ l)Y tltt t a.l\ti td 11. rttt.tlhrl.\.t . t i itlt lry tl.\ t\1r . r'|.t B.lly nt tha? ( I yttt .t l\rtht'i H ^' l ). tlr kL. Dutlt ll Ailinhoi tat l. Blni llortt l?).]tu \ nq ht.tio Ntlk ak\nntd I'y th! K1.t{.

116.A) l. urlly rrryhru ( l ltt ..y th uttlrl htilrtt' 4tht n H 79 .

z Ruers( of t52. anpharc bt th. B(lh Po"iu.p( C ) l'l th( B..t17 KnUi! L.k nftlphord by the Bt t.tli l\i'n( t18 Nuk nnphan by thc Bulnt I"Itakht a Ara:ons 150 B(11 1$ N.1 l>dlt1it t tJ l)dndthnni. H. 15r.t Btlly dnphan ( 'I ). Knhnrod( ilnt hy nn B(lin htintu. ) t\uarlwlnn anphard I'y tL.y tu B. .1 .1.tli Prnat.1.! Bulii lliiltto t5r. Cn tndt.

.ytln B.rht htuno.r.lo.t.h r! [y ttu Irtlh] Priittd.lLt.... A|).tlntP.r/l H.1at t57 IItt'irl../i l.1 . 1t. Illiitt t56 Ht. B. Balh l\tit1u Dondo r t Tti\.. Ht:ldl t5J l-olttL trtL\ lty 11.hhhy !h( Ll.\ .41r.) \t.\i.52 .rlnt rni a.i.dIl'J drd r\1!j .

not thc Phintias o1le.roup who misguidedly took to red 6gure. Of thcsc thc Panathcnaic arc inrcrcsting tbr ihcir . .l thc ( . clcglnt.. rlrobscrving[38Sl.r bc bricfly discusscd.. L ttio Nold n ryh lbytllt:B(tli t\iitt('..' of Ty1'r" 11.rblc \l'orks erc his nanlc vasc in ljcr'lir) [ r. sonlc of Panathcneic shrpc.Hcrlllcs h.o /'l1lr.urc l'Lr. . aucl e morc fcccl)rlY rcvcllcd .rstcllillq lr:r\t .Ll thc 6qures erc surc.hich urould rcvise or. ir f'r\\rr ..)rqos cuP..rrruption ofthc usual sccDc with Athcna. passionlite lrl. WIltrc rttrt'rr r' .s \ possibility u.: appropriarc it rvonlcl bc if Ciorgos r'r'erc plirrtcr too irr I rr oithc lnvariablc gortorrcion shield dcviccs which lppcer on bl.. a s:rtyr (Oreinlirchos) r. .y.ving chiton slccvcs end sotlctinrcs fails ro nrrkc his Itt t(t ()i othr ht lht Rtrlin P.cding lincs on dre ertist's carccr becausc I find it dilhcult to conbirr.ttl)cnxic lnrphorer' . the old shapc rcvivcd now).rpatllellc trcatllrcrrt ol .q lo rhe noisc lttd ttrovcttrcnl erotlncl hinr.. t ll.?rri1rl.rrsistcrlt devclopmcnt as a pot Pxilltcr iD later dccadcs. .rnd rh(l t.ittt ...l nright also be conccivcd in a ntockirlg spirit (their trliner Lrscs . Bcazlcy cvcDtually ecceprc. rt tcllirrq ".Lrp rDdjug.lrLrrl irr Besel It46] with a rnegnificcntly accoutrcd Athcna on onr:"s]dc . L )tcr arrd his other linc rccl ligurc Gorgons. iri his).L. llc ir rs e distinctivc rvay of drar.rr. .rck fig.vith e lyre turllins au'.iredfiqurcs. I hevc not takcn accoullt of this in thc ..cr rs e brilliant cup plinrcr ofabout 5to 5oo with what scenrs to l. aclding dre lirrc cuP Pottcd [iy Phintirs [49].]..c e lr. he combitrcs threc ligurcs in orlc contour ..clriai. r. boltily Iir| r. ancl only on thc cxllicst.rri llrr choicc oF subjcc!s rcquircs lirtlc furthcr cotnnlcrtt. &tlrrl' tt.TLrcsinglcfigurc'sorp. and sornc cr:ttcrs.t \tlt Other pot painters Not ill thc rcd 6gurc pot pjintcls ofthc Piorrccr ycars hed bccn qrcat irrj\t\' ll)c NI(oxqNos PalNtttt wes an adcquetc black ligure plintc'r ofthc Lcrgros (.'.r:rtcci rhc argunretrt.rrrspicttotts eise\\'hcre in rcd figure cxccPt fi)r tltc fivotrrerl lr"r'st.. and (as Rotlcllsoll 'rnrsclfhrs pointcd our) Gorgos writcs di1{crcntly (teiling his R's).k).'r ..lr. rq hcr . . while thc Clorgos cr-tp a clcgrcc of subtlcty in narretivc (Mcl1non's trappccl spcer. Eos'torn t..rr vicw ofhis cdrly cerccr tlrd potentirl .r lilrsc phellos in plecc ofl cale) or rcfcr to a sxtyr play (Acschylus' 1-vr.Lrrtinrr out hou. His satyr athlctcs ()rr lr6. charlging her posc and thc otdcr o[_ rhc colurtns {r6zl. Miss Talcotr suggcstcd that the cup sillncd by jug tbr hcr firvouritc Hcrakles on the othc-r.trrirrr'rl stLr'li'r' r. .'/'1 tlt..t.. His syll.rqos [18] wxs car]y lvork of lhe l3erlin Pai1ltc1.rrcthcrrr()st I I r )oit Inenlor. . tlrc lionskin txil buttonccl Lrp. rrcrt .4] '"vhcrc.r. -r . and Martirl llobcrlson lLl.rttributcd (with e hesit:rtion I sh:rrc) ro thc llcrlin l'. r. The crsc rr'llliliDS Opcrl.\r lr Lrsrr rvhich arc tcrincd'Mxnllcrist'arrd which erc consitlcrcd rrr tlr. in his Nunlber Oncs.lrcss) not chlractcristic of the l3crlin Pairlter's sce1les. . L qurc. or substitutirrg a Hcrnlcs or pricst. parnting Typc A arnphorac (errd . rrclr l'iorrttr . rl..

and in comnrorr with scvcral othct xrtists of his renk he ovcr cntph. arc his mrny othcr Dionysiac. r r. rl. rrr :rr-list whosc i111:t!iination outprcccl his skill. I .1 Llrcss.. rvirh stilFbut wcll- . Lrc lvszxrt-wrcz PalNlLu is lnorc prctcrrtioLrs [18J 7]. Thc FryrNc .rturc. which xp]rroxilllAtcs ro Penarhcnaic s1upc. still sharply Archaic in definition ofalaronly .hilc his pLrpil.rtrn [173 5] is trrore than orclitarily compercnt.r of thc Munich Amphora lr g r ]. sxy..N PATNTIII offers cxr-eful blrt .ls thal thc othcr crater typcs.. Hc is not alwavs surc about irlatonry noticc Apollo's back and chcst or I I 7: ].Sorne sct.rq. r or dillerent stages in thc carccr ofouc or two:rrtists. sl. such as peJikai. \1.rrng Athene or cithcr sidc.1.vth. includins thcir lamily lifc and irrrrodtcrng chilcl satvrs to Grcck arr (he is rlarncd from rhc group olnlr77l).. carricd oD scvcrrl ofhis tricks ofdrarvirq in rcd 6gurc..1r. Thc D:rilcs arc thc l' L.rtr.rblc nlrqe of Heraklcs scencs! ncw :rn(1 old. r rllv of rhc 'rnodern' v:rriety wirh no frarlres to the picrllrcs. Morc charactcliscic. Wc mav suspccl a conscrvxtivc rcsistancc to new srylcs ofdrlu ing and the nerv moocls exprcsscd by his bcttcrs. popular shapcs lt64 7lrcck anrphorac.rulthcn:rics..Lsiscs thc spinc rr. sccrcs with saryrs.R.rrcr 1r93. Hc clcerly admired ald rnay hlvc copicd dtc Bcrlin Paintcr. prcscnts a problcruIlcazlcy took thc Copcnhagcn Pernrcr ftgg 20I] and rhe ' '. shou. but his following rvill provc lnorc in interesting. r lr9. bLrt fronr et. pcrsonrlity.L.r touching srudy ofbewildcrcd old agc in a rcscr.ith u doublc lirc.rrc thrcc oddl).. Hc wcnr on paintirrq bl:rck fi:lurr..r r.lc lincs on rhe brcasr bonc.rtivu tl r ol. arrd the invcrtcd r lrich runs across and undcr thc cross strokcs of thc chcst lbr melcs.r. thc Kleophrrclcs P:lirrter. 'P. (lolumr cratcrs had not Lrccn rlruch in favoLrr in thc lxst qllerrer ofthc sixth ccnlurv.L lirlLrrc work irlchrding his rather hackneyed name vrse Ir. I r.. .\r\kos Printer lzoz q)lts brothers 'hard to tell rp.t. Hc rarely vcnturcs outsiclc senrc scorcs into myrh lnd lhc satyrs in Hcphaistos' forgc Ir74lmly illustrarc craters.. thc Eu(-HAnTDES Parurlr. and ofsatyrs or wolrlcn cnsaqed rvith phalloi or phallos birds Ir76]. Thc Sylcus Paintcr docs sccrn to prcsclrt r nc$. Thc rrn. Hc prefers thc n611. Hc oflils ir . Parntcr' .l.l sonlc Llrlrr\!rrl .Lrc stLrdy of e citrncl Ii. ln conrnron wirh thc trcrtnlcnt ofsccncs on othcr sh.lmr)oi.itlr cups bcfbre Joo one namcs Lclqros. rL. fond of ncck anlpllorae. thc' l)iogencs l..1. paralicl end rhcn divcrgcnt.L l'... The GERAS PArNrtrR [17g i]il. r rcd ior Triptolcmos' b:rlarce on f rEgl then impressed by his divinirl.1 t rrcc-quar-tcr vic\vs off:tccs. u. but with some narrativc powcr . lrrll rlre Typc C rmphorac.:rnd thc figurcs sct in frcc ficld or on a ground linc. but has morc anlbitiolrs work on celvx cratcrs whcre. Hcreklcs brcaking up Ncreus' housc. rnd abmpt but his attcl-rrpts on the suLrjccts ofhis bcftcrs lrc far tltolc sLlcccssful. His hcads tcncl l.. is on a snall colunrn crater dcdicared on thc AcropoJis [i68] and sho.Thc notablc scencs arc ofCrocsus on his fitncrxl pyre Ir 7l ]. Sh. Hc sollrctinrcs Llscs lhinrlcd painr xs cycshxdolv for ANc ParNrrn has a more engaging rangc ofsccncs I t 7G6].. alrd hc experimcnts with frontel .ork.Y ditpcrv lircs crrtl . Thc florels .s il nrorc intcl c\U n{ .His sign. ihc 1'roscs. e bcrrcr stylc rvhiah luns on to thc 47o's.rpcs. A contcrlrporary. likc thc cars wirh big rorurd lobcs.vl I r 66] es wcll as on rhe straight sides. Mvsov Ii68 7zl w:ls:l coluntn clelcr spc'cix]ist.^ poorer xrtist. And thc SIltl.()scLl sccncs of r1r. bur toteJly lack his subtlcty..out Joo thcy nlcrcirsingly scrve as sloutcr arld morc scrviccilble rnixins bo\\.vphoi in a privatc coJlcctiorl prcfcrrcd to invcnt e third. xrld thc conlmon pclikai .Lcr is rhc bcst ofthc scrics.. norc livcly. and faccd by rrvo r ..1crrs ofidcntity with fbur stylistic ruclci which mighr indicatc dilicrcDr . mainly of thc 47o's and littlc earlicr. inclndinq both thc fincr cratcr!. probebly a gift ofthe artisl. rL\rl.lirrg of ncrv . block-likc noscs wirh dccp-scr cycs. but also dccor:rtc a l'u1ler relgc it satyr play. rvhich is a rare illustrltioll of a rccent historicll liqurc alreacly bccoming rnyth. with r .ttcrns. the Callatin Painter [ -r 9.ving from contcmporlry bl:rck figurc the clccor.vhcrc thcy should. . . S.urcdisclosctothcPionecrsstillilrnarrrrcrbutnotquxliry.. rnd the revivcd column crater. coltrpctcnt 6sures rcminiscenr ol' Phrntirs. L( icr ls).!.'fhc ARGos PArNrFft is likc thc r.2 ].1.rc of Airhra lrTz]. He dccoratcs sevcrrl ol II3 .r r()ntiLtion oithc hcro xrld dcrnur lr8. r941. satvrs brcak in!! r1p r tomb Ir69]. llul thc battles on thc fat I . dr()opnrg lips. thc Sylcus Paintcr Ir95 8]... thc MAt scH PArN I r...ork is Early Olassical.9l. with Lrasc rays. oftcn on larqc vxscs. Probably al1 go togcthcr. I pick oLrr one of the oddiries ofGreek vasc printing frorn iris . an. or widl r rorv ot thin bleck brrds. rrcd anlphorx in Brusscls [196] havc some forcc xnd shorl good undcrSyrrsr<os Groue. rr. Thc stylc is still enEulrr. perheps.piccc myth sccrlcs show sonre originality of thcmc and solid. hc rlrly put fiqures ol) the lorl cr bo.rrcd stylistic lceturcs xIc l. They do lot gcllcrally irrrract thc bcst r.rli--open rrouths of many ofhis figurcs look r:rther silly ard onc is nrorc . fcaturcd Erotcs (thc lcedcr is cellcd Hinreros). urhich bid frrr thc narr.91] on thc back rr rirlr . His hclds tcnd ro carry poinred. spccialises in pcJikri..Thel)iogencs l' A nurIbcr of othcr sccorrd-]ine pai tcrs succurub to dre irtcrcst in coluntrr ofthe shepcs ftvourcd by their scliors.. kornlst and athlcrc studics srnallish hcads. or jvv. likc his master. .r-illtcrcst in a good rxngc offloral p.. i. 106]. borror. .. lcss prucisu. lr. and thc nccks black. Thc H. The_v erc rlthcr oldfashiorecl in rppcararlce.icr. \ 'crrcs ofvases. or rarely lvith a row ofsilllorcttc animels or figrucs.1. . . cap:rlllc cvcn ol1rccellin!a thc ll rlrn Pxinrer's lerer work it single 6gures.rr r r.Thc Trort.1 r\ rrnre vese [-rt6l recx]I the hter Berlin Paintc'r (but noticc horv ccurre I L. stamDoi.r a1ld prcscnts L 1.rnnow P. cspccially of satyrs. thc decorativc p:rnc1 framcs ere gradually abatdoncd.rnorr for thc neck of Ir7-71.. with slirn sherp noscs. thc Ciopcnhlgcn Paintcr rcprcscrrrirrq rL. He nray have startcd rr. s ovcrlep tcndrils) and sorne ofhis u. rtthcr tieht-lippcd. Hls nanrc vesc shows Hcraklcs cndgelliug ()ld \. iDclutliIlq l). has bccn callcd by l)cazlcy thc SyLEUs SrtlurNt.os Panvr* is rathcr sirnilar Irdd l rlro toncl ofclaboratc dress borders xnd pattcrns.. \ I)rlrrrer.rt'. as potter xnd pailltur.

rnr. Thls ilppc'ers on elebesrra of thc eroup too. thc blobbv trertmcllt ofh:rir. rnd rvhosc Orlorcl 1ck-vrhos rvith enothcr Nikc is a fittiug cncl pr.isc conrrnittccl to rcd ligurc. thc Ialc scltlilt lckythoi.1lto's) with ncgro 6gures Izod].v . Was Sl. .r1 :rct f(x \\hiah thc slaycrs hlcl rccluirccl hcloic strlus.r. thc othct vuscs.o. ofrrrixccl rtrerrt (ircltLclirg vcrv good) ollc'rrng a widcr rrngc. rvhich though simpic. :rnd thc usc (es on somc of thcsc) ot' r. rr4 . u. A:roteblc sccnc on i stitrrrno\ is of :l lcccnt hisloricrl cvcrrtIr99] thcrlrLrrdcrofrhetyrantHipp:rrchos(5r4lc) Dot ln. Thrs is a puzzle.Thet thc'1. lncl a distirrctll. thc (. has lcft us tu.es rn cnorrlrolrs output ln rllc old rcch iquc throlrgh the 6rst quartcl ofthc frfth ccrttry.lts or) x hced v:rsc.r. and bv thc TrlrroNos ParrLtu rvho hld an c.. S..r(lcnric work.4Bit1i pp. :rn elias stranscr'? Thc skvphoi rrc lincly plintccl.Ar.c lintl ligurcs on rhc whitc grouud rcndcrc'd iD t rllixturc ofbilck ligurc:rnd outlinc techniqnc. cspcciall_v rl thc lr. hu nch-shoulcl ered : liggl).hitc ground practisccl b. Sdr). lrajnly on stilrrrroi oicllstil]crivc arrcl Lurplcilsant profllc (broed nronthccl. erc skyphoi is cnotrgl: t() irldicirtc th:lt it is llrr'Pjsto-tcnos lt rvork. 11.rs PArNlrR [-zrr]. and o11 cach wc rcad'Pistoxcnos S. arc by rro mcans rcpctitivc.ij lfn.zi:].rs e-. A popular subject was Nikc. drri. tht i \. rHr.ilq on r.ho er lris bcst h:rs somc plccisc chann.riskos e nicknarlc. It is l nc'gro.vth but. Thcrc arc othcr.nrol-c x. l]trt thc pottcr Pistoxenos.. rvho seenrs to h:rvc spccieliscd iu skyphoi of variout t.rrtisls otlrcru. l'hc alablstra lcad us ro considcretior oforhcr smrll vrscs.vthoi end othcr srrrll v:rscs bv rhc Durulr PAtNTTR [:07. hcacl v. crspccirlly lckvtltoi. A f!^xtrrre ofthc groLlp is sorlrc odd shapcs thc kntrcklcboDc.r. Aplrt fiorr this scnri-outlinc lvork rhcrc is somc in purc outlinc. The rumc Syriskos c()n1cs fiorll e pottcr who r11. whom wc scc rlso on lck. Thcsc Sidc-Palncttc iekythoi ([z r o] Diosphos Workshop) prcscnt x technique rvhich can bc irnmcdiatcly rchtcd to thc outlirlc drru. Thc shapc r.i lbr this scction [: r3]. nrade thc rwo skyphoi lirr our artist ('t). tllrt thc Syriskos PriDtrr pr.rir ArhLna.rJ lt.zo9l. a rourcl arytr:rl1os. Thc trtists to Lrc lliurrccl uow erc in8ucnccd by him. end rclercd is rhc plcntii'ul (sonre forty known) Ciroul or. b). flnkcd by pxlmetes.vc lbr drcss and hcm plttclni. rvbitc groturcl.hitc qround for outlinc fir:rrrc rvork. u. zo6l.). but of tl-rc p:rintcrs urcntioncd irr rhis clrrptcr orlv rhc tserlin Peinter fivourcd thc shapc.vthos pNntcrs. q1.orkshop of thc Sappho ancl I)iosphos l)eirrtcrs. ()nc Piouccr.rhiclr plrccs his cerly cereer). ofrvhich rvc shall sce morc ol1 clrps.vpcs (inclucling onc fbr Epiktctos r.. Nrr:rio ALAIASTRA (of drc . atcl letcr (. Whitc grourd lves used on nr:rny oithc vrscs arrd.vr iskos cpoicscn ' lz o 5.ith pointccl cc' trc lc'evcs er)d thc lotulcs).<tremcly popnJrr in black figtrrc lncl thcrc r. surlrnary way u'ith drcss on his lcsscr' rvork.s ) rlrtt dln(r t t(l!)ht tht i \.. llrcldy Er:1y Classicel. but rhc drarvirg bcrreys scvcr:rl fc'eturcs linking thcn witlr other veses ofthc qroup thc llor'ils (palrrcttcs r.dc a krlucklcbonc vrsc (lstragllos) fbr rhc peir]tcr Izo4]. a nrrnor xr tlst othcrwisc morc closcly rchtcd k) thc lek.rscs. Thc associxtiorrs ofthc shepc rvirh black figurc rctirldccl usc of rhc ncw tcchnicluc upon it. ra611. li1er elitblstrl lvltlt Arnazorrs [.r. P:li11tcr'). cc 'litle Syri:rn': 'trusty t tttt tln & rnryho.

.r /.LI.. ' . .nakt. Mi-n p lnhill6 1$ ()ly\ odlo ltt ttu Ednritltl i .tilittt t | .1. Ll Jt l.t td Ll \l)!. r Lntry t t.5dr)'rJ i51 l\iuh d \n!n ht thl thnnlti Pd d.\ rt ltt tlr lhttnrrl. 11 .r 1$ L lly nn4'lrw I typt 4) l. (irrir.t nrli \i.l. .\ t.rht 'l t.r.?I. t'tt.\'Ii. LL a.r. .t.y th I'd ri&\ .t.lrrrt nlto hy \1t\ol.'i.

na .\uait ly.at lflln. H. Rc\ t.y th( Hatto Pditer- Satyr tn tlr-t . t7t l\ll).\ll. Pdi'tct . s8 .t \'llnt t T).Ctrt:r: or tht t. Caly.wr.yt.\1).4 r i.'[Aithr.\.l .ttt . Ert!. t t r t'ntrlnnr anphort by thc l rt' t l\rntut. H. la t?4 Crlhitu oat( L.H ]a-5 tj5 rlytlrid bt th( H.

| t r lr-....J l. lrt th( c011t 1)ti|1nr Ai1l.l .../ /1.../.\) ttt.r'lill 1.i tti l\l1y r tt)ltrt't I t )../r...{./1x.iilrrr (..y tlt. I i.. r. Ir! tf. 1).j1tr-.. 1.l.t (:) tl rlr t:1).rr..tlt.) d.].. l rl rh plull.ntt r. t.( {..t.) C) l. i L i6 .1t\(l t a 1\hL.\ \.. | . r /.(. .t rLlll t i I t7t BLll) n rylnh i t tt\ |:lli1t.41t LItalil Lt Ina k rr\.1_t ltj.. ./.tri l ..11/ r1.

ri. r .tu1 (). 7 ).: /).).J l.r..r:ln1ri.t/rrr.j!1r. ./. lli.Snr.d l.rt\ r3.1rt l\titr k t i I I drr lrrn'1. r./).rr \ . ...t rrr '/ li:ln'r|i.I. l AoN! .Si.Ur.DnLL\.i.11..r .r1.4.l 8 r..qi.. i. .4t1tu1r tttd Z. ( 14\u/J rr.rrai. r.r..: l\tirtr.)..r. /i.f r/x ly\:kr\tit: I'ainttt. r.l)i. Lrt r. i. .rr..r -r R.rr.ror.9j /n/lt . 1J .tt li{l1t .l./ r.r.

ltrtulL ii . Iliiloi 11ni1t..lfi\ l..'lr l.'t..'9 . bt rr.4 ) ht th I'ri tt.i/. llyltir ltt th Cnllitill l\ln1ttt. '--.'hllNriir tuu\') . 1)anrl li.ll .t'.t. .' lt-..i.l. ti l\ nnlfurtr lTttt .\.ttll.rrr t9o K.... tt\').-t.r.t..oltr. \Itunh.Iu..rr drJ.t ltt.y tlk 'lroih\ Lii td i r.1th.r4.r .

111Ly Di\dt. trj . l.ut - 'a.L1 t dn( t6t).t th \llL1t\ t.\ hlr a t9t (ihtmt ttutu hl th L>ii|tt t\ 1\titttr /.1it Syhl! .lt.\ntrir\ l..r th( t9j B(ll) n 4.1i . Hurktt!.

Mld.i.l)rrrrtrr. Hthrtt. lV.t.rfus. Syl. ()p( halo l\iitlo.lb . I ofut( arkr I'y th.\ Ptilttr.i7'5 . At.S).rir!. Htntkll a*l rhL )) rl.\ l)dnrd'. Ers ard 't zoo HydM L)' th( Cop(nhnltot hti kr. Lnxr i tr\.to7 hlik( [y th. ! I)ni a.1. (:ohtrrt d1t.t by !hl .01 r98..n )ot A!t. Tltcttrs and rtu tuIl l\litto.:trl rn! by tht .2 StatuD\ hl th( SylLlt: Sh o\ lrt !h.

/ l'1rlo..lltr. llhi!. /)dirrd Nal. Atrr:o ltl!ytht i.hr\ by th( I.1r -. Tht\ \r t Sni\ :ab ()tt) lkyt. ia th l\trtit t. (hNdM tt zoj l )i '\lrt l'y th( D.. l)r).* .r t./.t ttu Thhon.S )1.. /i.. 16.lrisrffi--'t .rlJrot.rit l\tilt.Jtn..\/ tTs./tt ) 11 ta! ). \r1\t d H.].\.rl\t:t1t t1 tllt CNt| 1.i fri .* '.r-% I..rir.. l)r.t Artd it H. trrliilr' nr lrkythr! hl tht l.l.ii..-il. N. 1r : t i t\tnt.r'Nrd ). trtrr t llabaston hy rhL t\titrt'r. . .J Iti. H.-.tr Sidt-.r \EA 205 ti: Sk ho\ hy tht t) S Pai'ttt . tl.r.t(r.tlt! /).Lkyth.rr ni.i r . H .r/r .r!.

beforc we tum to thc more prolific great nanlcs.r. irL rior with whitc. The mair scries bcgins with cups of .trll praises Lcagros) ar-rd his kin [zi6].rrr. r. Epidrornos and Paneirior .rttcr. showing deitics or liyth scellcs' llrcrc is e distinguished succcssion in thc Early Classical. lt bccomcs commorlcr to tlll thc . On thcsc thc dccorarion is in outliDc. It is I supcrb cup in Bcrlin [zr4]. There arc onc or two points of tcchniquc to bc mcntioned bcforc we turn to the lnajor cup paintcrs. and just ils wc have had to trace in rhe last chapter thc work of somc plirrrcrs wcll into the frfth century (as Epiktctos).. carlier cup sirned by him) tnd praisiug Athcnodotos. l:ut is not sure Thc Clothir .. solllctimcs wjth a .tside only [Jr]. Thc adoption of these pattern borders is a convenient signal for thc advcnt of what wc choosc to call Late Archaic.trphronios ire painred by Oncsitnos or artjsts ofhis studio. solrcrrrrrcs all black.r\tcrpicce is riprcscnted by a cup fragnrcnt frorr-r thc Acropolis (no z47) . rcduce thc use ofnracander outsidc r.tyle is 'reduccd' Pionccr with sornc elaborarion offclturcs . of course. signed by PErrHrNos (we havc a scrap ofxnothcr. but still considcrably greater thxtr in later ycars...rnaitios Paintcr wcrc by Onesimos. no sLldden brcak. r Lrnrlers to Lcagros aDd Athenodotos Tbcre is a robust narrativc l."rr" to agrec with earlier scholars that works asscublcd for a l'. The elcgent Type B and the heavier Typc C with a concave d1n are the popular forms.r.r. )rrr nroDesf schemc is to havc a black border to the toido. .<rr'rg'oth. Exreriors are usually red figure. occxsionally white ground I'hesc :rre cxquisite cups..1 the lttribution to EuphroDios could be correcl.L. a macander echoccl by thc pattern ofl)cleus' Iockcd hlnds .st of the Proto-Panaitian cups [zzo. thc style stil1 Pioncct. . .r bh& 6gurc on lckythoi aDd olhcr shapcs. e)though thcre r.. xnd coniinucs in our pe-riod with . Thcre are. Thc old schemc of decoration with eycs is quite gone exccpt for vcry fcw cxamples by thc Colmar and Anriphon Painters early in thc century [242].rrly es any lckythos wirh comparab)c decoration. Cor.Cup painters Through thc Late Archaic pcriod.vas a growirtn production ofplain black vascs. and cspccially in thc first decade ofthc fifth century. xnd that l-re cmcrgcs from a late si)'th( cntury Proto-Panaitian Group.:td] made for hinr by Euphronios.4BFH pp.ll-rcd for dccoratior ofbands in or outsidc cups is srilJ uscd. howcvcr. r lrosc own paintirg . Thc Pluraitian vases. Athcnodotos (as docs Peithir-ros). with a display ofsprcading folds and ziezaE hcn)s recalling Phintias or thc Sosias Painter.:ruein .lrlcd whitc. Outsidc are lovcrs. Anothcr dedicttory lr. Solnc ten other cups made by l. Thcy are frcc with kalos natres (anothcr Pioneer trait) r)iurling Lcallros.s hc grasps Thetis. Typc A..rl. with or withoul lotus tcrnintls. dress ard lirulr r rrngcmeots (noticc' thc odd Frontal tocs for a reclining figure Izzol) ofthcir . using thc same thick and thin paintcd Iincs with increasing use of added washcs or red es tirne passcs. so we cln rcgard rlrii as a single workshoP or bench within a worksbop While Onesjnros' !rvlc is readily dcfinable froll-t his signcd vasc thc callicr stagcs ofhis clrcer problematic. hecl whitc ground o."ihc lines an<J Egures are in flat.li figurc ridcr on thc white ground tondo. Of the salnc date is I cu. thc Acrocup [275] with a straight rirn and cithcr a shallow or a iigurc can bc rrrixcd and ir had bccolllc coll1Ir1only uscd as a beckgrourrtl t. rr1. and cspecially of black cups. Subjccts arc almost cxclusivcly kon-ros and athletics.rp. Tl-rc .i. occasionally for the cxte or too. P:rmphlios made a cup wirh rr l. 6 r i) whosc long career was not yet over. L r33 . whcn black 6gure artists still supplied most of thc largcr vases. sparingly.rnd oftelt intendcd f<rr dedication. so hcrc several will pr. usually avoiding the trivirl in tlrcir subjcctrrr. Indeed. and the inner line border is thcn normlrl. Thc old eye cup shapc. xt least hxlfthc production ofred 6gurc vascs in Athelrs was accounted lor by cups. Wc havc noticcd thc technique on lckythoi (but no earlicr).We havc the ncw pattcrns in and out..l. but thcrc is..r. ONpstr.r rrrtr rior with an outlinc l)ionysos facing a black figure sttyr [zi5].arci'r was by then over.c.. relatcd to Pionecr work (rccall Euphronios the painter's cups)' it""ri.ros [zzz 35] signs onc cup [2.vherc outlinc and r32 varicty.r..rd they confcss devorions sinril:tr to lhosc of their ftrrcstylc hel c. ()ncsinros (Proto-Panaician alld rhe rclated Elcusis P:rinter fzr7] who . Thc associations arc still opcD to djscussion' Mo.y . from about 5ro on.l:ry. silcc his style dcvelops fron-r a 6ne late sixth-ccntury '. urpcrturbed by hcr snakes and lion which aftack hi1n. and the srmc pattern quite oftcn tppcars bclow the lieurc liezes. away from the Archaic florrls xnd bordcrs on itp.vhich is t gcneral tcndcncy io this pcriod. limbs showinq clcar through dress. soincrinlcs distinctiveJy dcsigncd by diiferent painters. bccome less cominon_ But thc tondos are regularly edgcd witl-r a m:leander pxttern now.risu Lceqros and declarc thc start of their carccrs bcforc the turrr of thc ccntury. is virtually dcad. somc drooping nrouth corners. and a nrrnor roundcd bowl on a spl:rying foot with a mouldine at its top. uainly of5o5-485. more forward where thcir own sex is conccricd. rccalling featurcs ofthe black figure Droop cup (. low rcliei all gilt cxccpt for flcsh and . in and out. This is a srulllcr proportion than the production ofthc lrtcr sixtlr century.vhich ernploy whitc sround for the intcrior. whorn wc shall mcct again. Even rhc palmettc scrolls.d ar-ratomy on largcr figurcs. Thc cLrp ir r. If.. zztf ctrry the ncw nacandcr krrdcrs. whcn red fisure xrtists answered all nccds.rp oi. an isolated mastcrpiecc of littlc bcfore 5oo can providc a link.ir.. ground linc l rrccded it is usually an ovolo.r'lhrthcr in lo flanc lhc flgurc or figurcs.'tiplcs by thc Brygos Painter [2IE] and l)ouis amorg orhen lzTjl''fhc ( . a.'lr. A vcry few kcep the rcd 6gr-lrc tondo but fiIl rlrr zonc round it with white to the lip. a numbcr of cups r.

.1 br .. DrL.p.rrrlr...". rthJctcs aud rvarriors arc his sublcrt'..l riL. f.". clc'ar li. . with slirtr _fiaau r.lr.to .pcllr : rhc ourlinc runrrutq rnhr thc arrrr observcd ltaturc Izz1r.ri trlres irlsidc only:rncl thc lckythoi.t.. oflcn intcrruptccl by cr()ss in squere or knobbcd \.r).. t l.ith a sPout l.r proliiic arlist rDd thcrc arc Itlany unassigncd cttps in his lllrllncr or 1 rtcrl to his rvork..rrlrl..r Lrnrd. vicrv.i"ufrf" spinc'._r.ith Oncsitnos aclmiratiou lcrr L.:391. Lrkc cxprcssiorr if dtrll clrcs on [..uell f. Hc dccorilcs lc-$ ... Flis st-v1c dcrivcs iiorlr th. .r.e.i.. 'rrll lr .st . thc latcr vascs beinq tttainl-v snrlll cups rvith 'r l. "i..rrc bovish.r.r .rn... and he sharcs t.1../Jorrir rvidr trrarurc Orrcslrnos ir1 lhc 4llo's. l... llr..r\tr. ol tuacanclcr arc prcfcrrcd row to thc sropt ((r.. end his rrr. What ls somcrirrr'r rissccl in subtlcry of linc is morc than Thcrc rre sontc lcsscr artists to bc rncntiotlcd bcforc orrr lcxt nrlstcr..r.9]... u.r. His is'onc ol thc firsl.".r. Thcrc is wcakness iD his lercr rvork. .lltpr\\\to .rh.. sigut d r-up Jrra..l.l r .rid.t.2_l'.r! .lrNrEn Iz39 4-3]isarlorcsubstantiil figurc.-. wc r:etch rhis srrrc clclincation of rhc vlrtyine agcs of nr'n ..rtft.rl childrcn in vtsc peinting' (tsctzlcy) [:.... ) l..r .5 7.1 r..z 6r I arrd scvcrel lek..i. ..rrc carlv. l'hc(lolrnarPtirrrcr[..l.f . \kLltrillv (ollrposc(l encl b:rlanccd oD thc brorcl arc ()l li_r] r\ rtru b(\r rr:rrrrplc rvilh pairs ofThescus cDCouDrcrs oursiclc.2i6. lh vgos'si!lnalLrrc as Potter ilppcalrs orr ovcr I dozen cups.'1..|l ....r.* ir"af.r A.' \\lrn IrrIILIII(. zq5 6tlor artists ofhis circlc..r\.r..o.rrr.lc.. His figurcs hlvc big heads.irr-. Thc vascs u.rr( r\..tt P.1r.i.r.rrlurlrrr rlor.r.rllr ]tc t.rr lr{ \.rlr.....eturcs Lr('rrc. r l. ]lt.rlr..'.rr|r .."rr1r.tr_rrot.onrcn for cxarrrplc el1 thc 6gtrrcs orr thc Prianr skyphos Iz....rl rr. r.\(. ...ith frontel f:rccs "ra.r". ( ru\\.r\. .rrd.. z5 t]... .r\t\\ l'\'ttor\.. sorrtetirncs silllply cruclcl aud pcrrlrits us to lpPrc( irt( )r( \inlos' clclic:rc.rl rirrrrc uhi.rrrrrr.....Lir cr shapcs. 1.r r . Olcl-feshioncd are his occesional ttrc .ur:rtont. rrrd..t.r. lv( lri.nrrrr....rlrslr( oLr\crv. His crrps arc I r. Altlrosr all wcrc dccoratccl try thc lllvcos l'\rN1Lr 12r8. .rr.r.inr. llorels aud circunrstanrill dctlil of the dccr hunr on [. ri. rL.il.cf....hc Durrsl rvcrc irnposcd on thc body utrrcalisrir.. l.ihr.i. i.. . rf_r" l)roto-Prnritien rr..\(. ....cnl:lins dililcLrlt to rllinn "i LIoNN ard x qirl's brclsts are shou. M. .k..l.'. This. if.'rr [.s .ficr.r. fi.. . t.cs l)'s and Typc C's. inclucling skyphoi [-24d.l on obscrvation lnd quitc indcpcnclcnt of thc stock cpcrtory offigurcs in lclion or quicr. ...L r\.l .. .(r\t'rL rlr( ... ornittiug rhc nlaculdcr basc linc.r.* thultt\r'lr(s.zrJ .rr fi.r r.n"rr. orlc oflhc only.._a I]]: l*:'. r..v chrll but pJlusiblc rvidr tor sos split lcngthrvisc by I bleck (brokcn) L rerhcr th:rn clividcd tt chcsr levcl. p"r"iri"l ir"ilf i^ior.1[1s.f.tt(tr ."1.ly]. : fri.r. :rrrd .Hc ... .. ihc ANrn'noN P.rrr. ..vthoi [219]. on rhc cclgc ofrhe L\c o) on lhe plain undcr-haDdle. . fit" "i \\ irlr lr rh(- .rnn t ...rr..rlh LrLr\lr) hrn{ctl h. Thc Clt.. Lrr rh.tc.2...r.:lfI lr rcr ()ncsinros' afcclion for Lcagros ancl I):rneitios lncl solllc ofhis lltcr ctrP\ .. .r r..r.' lritc grorrnd lckvrhos.lu .:43].. Thc llonn Pxintcr [2J7] stil] irrcises sorrrc ll:rir rlrncs:rndhassomcOltanpro6lcsanclHorrls.."..rttcr usuellr.n. :'r. L_rouris) on rirc girl.vhitc eround cup irrreliors (l:r.. c his..r\..r1..rt)r\. i.r 1. ir". r..t._Ar.j t.h r. .1rr..(.".. t.rr-ll L)rrr..rSl Fot thc I3J .s.. s. rr \n||t...1.a"ay.. . r ( \(r\ .l:ll:.l L..lr..rrrc end myth...rvicr. duller.rlly.i.. \ Hc pxirlts a ti'rv r. thc tor rgoin.T rn{ tr{rr(\...... rhc p.r"....ll.\.rrpporr_.rrirrq o.Lrrrl cr..2441...rr..rr. ti4 ti'rrrr.cn \ rrvr subjcts has u.. l:1 rl .: llrr*.*. .\.. rlr..: . u. Both pril rers (rrlcl Llcez lc\ \ !\ rot surc ibolrt separetillg rhcrll) lcllievc e ccrtain prcllillcss: nolic(... su blcct erd drrc..r.. .Lllrrcs ar1cl 1l1tclc up lor in cxPrcssivcllcss of ur posc..vau parr.r .r Lt( *nLtJi. cr tD tirc .ial..r rrr.. fr. ..s91 eud jn nrenv of his sccrrcs.u.f.r. 6..."pf. rvorking fiolr bcflrc loo i.v rhc bcrtcr. Konrests.1..rr.r.III lr..]uch arc asscmblcd around Olrcsirnos. but riris prinre his vigour ancl ittvcntiott arc unp:lral1c1cd..r 3rl aiff"..r.ich clistnltivc brokcn V shouidcr bllclci ..l:l r"r rrr.t l.r T.ts .'r."..rrrrrrr rl. .i.r.t of rhc early Onesiuros. thc ll1:lstcr l)cinq thc rlrost pro_ t l rL rv ith rvcll ovct rrvo hu uclrcd vascs toN attributcd to hilrl. iir.rlr\r..r ltrL.p.rir Thcrc is:r lightncss to thc iccrrcs rvhich llcvcr bccorrrcs nrcrcly trir. Of all Archaic artists hc dcnlonstl :ltcs best thc ncl cour- 'rrnd of posc .n prt..r.r.ral slcnclcr srand l.r {rlrcrr..rrc<l. thc l.r1\\t._r". lnd his trsc of 'rccdr'!o interrtlpt rondo nracandcrs l.clr st. .rti"J p.i r...r" +f. r(..\ (rr ( II. His work rcsc'nrblcr thc Pantitlll hrrt r. rroutl. ....ri.r.i.rrchos. [::7j profiJcs us....r r. therr fri.rc.lr . r\L flur.rrrr.vkos rrrd r\rr\t.rylr...' ll( L'ullv\llrrnr].r. rlll-v avoiding nruch nryth."frr..rtr. v.itr. 1..r.l. { r..ril notebl\r in body hair aDd gcrritils.. Lrof. t.t.r(i tt.. .xndsonrccyecupschcmcsrvithsrr:r1lundcr-lundlcpxlmettcs[2rr2l..rirr period of Lrrk lics irr thc 43o's :Irrd 47o's. D. fi. brtscr.. l1l....allv ir:rs..:i.. .hidr otheru'isc oftcn looks curly rvirh:r hclvill' .r .qtNrlt c:rrl bc 1larIlcd bcsidc hillr [..rl. \\.Ir.rrr.von.. i h:r vc bcen decor:rtcd for thc pottcr Euphronios...rtruD o1 drr. z5 g]. rlr.c.... Lrut rvhethcr this crin rcprescnt tirc 1"r.||v .i. tllc . suiky drcDpirq linc "rra ".....l(r. u.lltritc.III.th.1... rd rlr.!]: cxtcrior l2i6l).r.rrr rrr. Lr". thc lornrer intludiuq sonrc rvith I disrinctivc conc 1.y.2-771..u.list r. Arourlcl thc tondos rc nr:rcrndcr is usurlly sropt..L ..'t r. .ruyth.r.r...ig k:rlathoiclj:rr *..r.r.l !\ drn1. ard ii. ra..rrrrl.. rnrl]i.. R.. Hc is bolclcr u.r5l i.rrr.cr .rs... sJigh rlr.r. llopccl cdgc (en cfcct cnhenced by e borclcr ot n ot-clui tc-r clief trlobs of r @ f r\o L\rio\ .. .* 1'rit is lrrr rl)d at lilst tLrrrr). \\ Ilr vorrr....f.'...i...rrrr... .pruLrbll1...p".rer..".. ::l:.:i..r.*i.r.. lrnrirlq.r\c li.r....i:iorr ro outlinc heir. nenrcd firl tlrc I (i\ {)l xrl uDusr...rnd u. n.rr. rn ..l\u\(.. hcrd kanthrroi :rrrd rhyta [. Thc (lat...)1.I.

hont is owcd thc contrlotr stock of figur. rncl on lz66] :Lncl l:6t] rvc brvc ntrc crrrrrPlcs rrr t lrn 1.s Circlc.r.-ls ofthc-ir-6rrtrrcs:rrc lr. His nrcD erc oftcD b:rldirre.. rJa) surprisc...r ot outish lor.rr.. end qoes bcvoncl vericd lircrr cilicts. rhorr. Thc Agrlllcllltloll. lcss influcntiel.\\ s . of . rnd drc sccorrtl of thcnl il1 pitr.. His hcuds erc not casilv rlilrrow cvesl io:rq nosc k islrgurbJc that Grcck art rrcvcr. ()nLlos is thc sphyirrg compositiorl oFrwo-fiqurc sroupst l2+ 5l ci l'u.rintcr:rchicvcdthcycxccr-ltcdill:rr)L.rrr's lrd sttrdics ()a )1)Llrlg rncn with holscs his rlrlllc detlr.l rvho likcs thc u'ing slceves for his d:rrrcirrs nrecrrads . ovcrt ilud steelthy..r. not rrchccl br or. ITY rll^r( \'i{orotl\ L. rvilh lhc i."ays cxprcssivc.tlculrr i\ .i sal it)c is prcsctrt.rnd body h:rir. is $orl'irrq slill irt 'Ihc l)arsrlt or l. bul the peiltcr rvas nor siugJe-rlincicd il hls choicc oflovc thcnrcs. His synrposii hrlc rhc spilit oithc lilgos l)irirrt(r.v thc I rr.1. hiEh brou. .21d] ln rhu l)ron. r.rr. Thc I)oklrrrlsll I)eirrrcr is thc rrlorc rlcrcsling with l\\..:r't .rncl rs at His ruvdr sccr)cs lrc cqually oriuinal thc Lrnique dc:rd Alex covercd by Tckricssr fz46] end .s).:cl at thc pipcs.irlg I sPlritcd slxuiihtcr o1_()rphcns b. Thc Four.r... so:ttctitttcs discord:rntJl :rnttllll 'l.li rr r ) :rrrcl \\'c \llolrld thclctirr c supposc this vcrsiorr oi thc story to Lrc thc \'cnti()rr ()l . SLrrprisinely. . ofc-.cs ltrorll rhc ruill jrspcatlo) of cxvxlicrs rDd tllcir lltoLttlls conduatccl bl rhe Ath.:ls wc1l as rhc lirllous lhrrsorn ofHectot on rlrc Vicnne skyphos [.ornctr l.ltt.lcws of thc Ilild.1 oi shirding.r r Ihisrrrihythc llr_vgos ['rintcr is lt his nrost ch:rr:rcrcristic in his irvourirc syrlrposiorr or .$iu{ sonq.tr. l)rrl . rn(l thc I)r\lN1l. !gLIrcs.rrrrrzt ..:801. Thc hc:r.ith rcal lcgcncls.ool eppcers k) hivc bccrl . I Ic \rqDs thi. lz68l_ A fi-rture oi.... prclclriug ir sk)ak lrrrgc ofkonros . Iris rclir's ou hcr rvinqs fot cscapc: Hcrr on thc cliplorrr:rcy ofHcrnrcs beckccl iry Hcrukles' borv.. L ll..iirlly (nr l.rc .-'l(.iuitc rccilptulcld tbrsotten thc fltt tops.tll prirrtcrs dccolrtc litr rlcr v11scs loo.r\r:1\ PArNnr l:70 . Atrothcr v. llc t['t. l)u\orlr *.rry l)atNrln |.iLr 'llrilLl Ilry'gen llcirzlcy cellccl rhcur. und on othcr cups orrr piintcr's figurcs arc sccrr to sjD!l ()r cry out u.gerr.rrr.sr. lrcd (str.l rr..li OIr lrrr l'\rl\Llr.lp! r'clllclllbcIcrl bcsr lot ltis dcpictrolr of ar:Ltt\l11cll lllc b.:611. but throughout his circcr Ir.crs.l .v bchind \\ith bcllo\vr. .n.vltts' !rc..rrily on lllc sccl)c of lris s:rryrs'lttcnrptccl rape of lris:lnd Hcr:I." rrios. rnd:r lilrc celyx crirtcl ill Llostoll rvith thc dceths of \g.rrrrr' . rhcir.Lrnrc irppcilrs irlonc oD thc pliiilr srclc ofthrcc ctrp licl.Llr r .rpcctcd satisficriorl.9/ .lrtlr ..lrrothcr_ gcncrell. rhis ticshncss..sorlelity. or risht-lippcd.rrlr . soll)ctirrrc\ rfli'dcclly biJlo$'irrg. t\--rrinc vil\c! ls Pirintcr. The rtrouths lrc elr. rrs.Y Sappho on rhc bila spoutccl.lr(oLLs in thcir trrovcrrrcrrts.rc qttnrr rhr lltil hinrscll.Thc itscriptiors.. l)ouris' llelnc wrs oficrr c1 137 . I ...l. llrt l'..r vericty of othcr sccucs cspecially iDvolvinq Achillc:s (llriscis. Thc. His rrsc oi thinnccl pliDt approrches rcxl piulting.. ltlcl etlotllcr lts i)ottcr rloDc.tppcars. rrous ir his ttsc of brokcrr liDcs itt clrcss. lDd tlrctc can bc littlc cloubr to u.sonrcrin)cscvcllbnrtxl. . but .rthlcte sccncs rvhcrc hc coulcl c)icrcisc his colulltaDd et Dortravill oathL.1.::zl. thc fi'xttlrcs oftcrr rrrort li!.rtion.irttiorr flgurcs sccl1l rchcilrscd lrlhcr th..rh.hosc .c hil \'( q( r )( l .cnchcs lz6-..[ .z71l. rvith rlrc lirlrr. keios inscripriors lrc cxtrcnrcly r-arc. both labcl lrcl cornrucrrt.r'orkshop fronr rvhich hc tirkcs his rrnrc l:6-u ]. rcc:rllr Acsch.rst.ft.1. . or)c ()fthenr arls() Js poltcl. Hc t:rkcs ln originel vicu ofrrrytlr too./ra// .r lr' r r.o srrnrrloi shou.satyls :rrc brilliant studics of lust.. ln crrl.ophraclcs l). so irr as rhcy irrc intclligiblc.rir.1^.v tbnd ofsccncs l lrh u r)rncl1 xl vtr joLls clolltc\tic occr\iurr\ oF thc )rovcl \. lvhclc. .5-t]. cvcr) nruch of the dcreils oi xtriltoltry and drcss.ouvtr Ci:. thc strttrc esscrrrLl.r<. but clrclullv obscr vccl ertd \\.rciln u.rrq ('rvclopcd in u clotlt.: 8l ':rrrcxccJlcrtartist:rvirhhisfbrciblc. ant1 thc cluarrcl ovcr his arurour l:471). pu1i.v c1l-vs hc \\1)rkcd for l(lcophrldcs and.rnr\unti.65 is rDotlrcr rrrild (:rncl lltc) 13rvgen.rrl)lc rcrLlptor. poscs ald subjccts.tl t.trgcr frgrrrcs).rrrrl porc urc oficr origi)ll. Eu1.crllcrs nrorc irrro thc spirir of his rr-oupc rhar) trsual [:5-l].1 r. Thc prirtcr'l)()uRr\ 12.'hc:rvicr sct.)1r thc otlrcr sl(le rlrothc[ bc]n!l s(:rlrPcd do\\'n irrrcl firrlshccl.es. Thc L)otrnAsta '\r\ rr r l-rZ+ 7] is gcncll11l'quictcr sti1l. sornc prolilic l:79.:lcr cvctl.rlltrellt oi thc story. A mrurbcr of othcr cup pliltcrs arc of rhc J3ryeos l)lintcr. Ilrc 1)okirrrrsi. Thc first is thc i. r'lth sornc lhlcc hundrccl vrscs :rrtributcd to hillr. u rlchcd ' r| .q stokctl xnd l)lo\n (rlrc bo.s ovcrliuc. but on ()nvcDtiorrrl rlltilrg rlrc vlrsc rs citr]rcr therr thc plodtrctiorr of lhc . stvlchcolicncrluelsthc13rygosPainrer'(Llerzlcy) hrs e disrir)ctivc pcr.:70]. cvcrv- dev qcstulc or situ. if lris at el1) hc cxpei|rcnts wjth r thlec-qunrtL'r ficc l.r.26.v lionr r sulking Achillt's l.l:t ll ovcl br Athcnr l:6.rrrc vrsc ollcrs . C)r hb vescs encl thosc ofhis companions thcre erc scvcral cxrnrplcs of shudrne suggcsting thc rourducss ofshiclds: l:1d] cl.Il clllicr poct.ll hairy. .tll l.'rs n. bllrrclcr. so poftr lirr ill lhcsc no lcsser rltists th:rlt lhc llllstcr but lcss prolific. .r.urcrlrrlon rrrcl Aigisthos on cilhcr side l.righ r.ni.. bcllc. Whlt qreatcr paintcr.r l)rirrtcr.rr.rcl l-:7o"]. Irvo othcr tirllou.lir1r:rvc'd roua's.crs o1_ Bryqos ll-c c-\acllcnt rrtists btrt llrck tlrc nlrtt.ANl'.orkinq fo: drc potter P.rLrrrcil :rnd rppltrcrrtll showrr ()D his rrlrrrc v:tsc..lt lc:r\t ls P)odll(ri\r r\ tllc llrygos Piuntcr. psh.jar (r vcry larc rvork. it sc'cttts. l. Ou l:5:l hc . \\itlr llriscis lcd i\\'i.. though l]r'y.s )ikc thc Klc.tncl tvpicelly Brvean irr-c thc srul)blc hcad ercl bcurcl ofthc scnilc..:rt lc.

is irlrcadY fict cc-c1cd). I slryr hrrlil.v thc clistinctivc Dorrrien silrr:lc \r voLrDg.. . l)otllis u'ls irlflucnti:rl in thc Eerlv 's in a i . with sinlplcr hcrlrs. arrd t.ritcn or1 dlc ctlp crrriL-d bv u girl on cup by Orrcsirros Izz5].rsc nrnrc vllsc I sho\\' f3o t l: hcro . r. y('t to lrc lloticcd.rlcllt d pcry. LI\rjr.:lcr clcrnents altcrrrxtjrq lvith scluar.lden flcccc h:rngitrg beyond xnd Alheni wttching with hcl owl' This is 'r r1(luc vilri:lltt on tllc Argollltut srorY.'rlrc jrrr b. His clrps. L)rcss hes thc grotrpctl litrcs urorc olrctt.. Wc slrv ir r.. Ilis mouths :rrc per. :llld on lrlxlc\ thc hooLccl coll:rt trotrcs arc sccn tttorc rarcly. .r (notc thc corrrrlst on l2d-ll).a lakcrl in v:rin.vork bv critcrie which l sumnr:rrisc bclorv.2691 to rhe lovcr's whisPcr nr ]ris .. probilbl) bcfotc 5oo.This is I)otrtis rt lris 1rrost chlt. Hc clccorxtcs I li'lv orher shepcs His . is a rotrucl erybllJos [26:]. cspcci:rlly pclik:ri.rr.l(cd rhc filcr pot pirirltcrs of thc dry.vicc hc adds I fisLrre lriczc routrcl :r tonrlo. lnd cvc'n HorLlttls blossortrs ir rhc iicld. thc scroll in the scllool sccnc [.+6rl xnd ltis mood rrrust hevc cirirlccl rvcll rvirlr thc ncr.farqcr-y'ou tltc cftincss bccorucs nrcrelv slick and rherc sccnrccl rro rc:lson whv hc slrould cvcr stop turniDg oul his rirthcr mcchrlrical lud sh:rllor.Thick lr]ack hclrllirrcs :rrc prcfi'rrcrl iur(l \\.r'rl. with llcrrklcs xttdckirrg his tulor Linos lz96l: Doticc lll:rt thc hcro.v recovcrccl cerricd irn cxccPrionexccssivcll. still rurrrrirrg though in hcr Strndly bcst.ltv hc rrorv bcqins tcr qivc.\tcd 'Ihc TRIlrorfM()s I)AlNrliR Iro2 7] is:ru ltcconlplis]rcd erld vcr-satilc rrrist n ho strrtcd as ] cLlp peilltcr [rtlt sool trll L-d to dccorltc thc lit]l reDqc of htgcrrcsscls. lhcLondonpsykterlzgg]isdcscrvcdlylenrousiorilsvcrsltllesxtyrsxtnplrrly h-ollr x silt.hich appclrcd on solrlc of tllc l1reat litc si-\rh-ccnttrly cups. . tr lLr(r Il l)l\ t. end thc lcxt pcriod.vrh sccrrcs eppcrr lhroLl!lhotrt his career. stro11g. purc . Thc torrclo irordcrs b.rt citch ctrp hlllrdlc.irh vorrr}rs ericl .". Soruc toDclo contpolitioDs anLl nt vth sccncs hrvc a quality of rrr ouu nr cutality rr. I)oulis r. Chililcstr:ltos is lhc flrvotrcd krlos nlmc. ornl!c Arll:Intl | :911.r rrorr 1 r. 991 Tirc dccorrrlvc srrlirr rhirs rnd rnost tonclos h:rvc r)o l)orclcrs norv.r bold hook to thc jnncr crcl oicoller boncs.abIc cfiicicncy. writcs it on I ticket orr onc vusc encl ou thc dtcss ll l-r. Most ofltis srudics of u'olllen scclll letc. .r . His cllrly rvork rlcccl hudl. r38 .lr rrrkr. adding obscrvlriorrs on ch:urgcs irr srvlc alrd sLlbjcat interr.cry gcnrc sllbjcct klo\1. dtcn dtcrc is rhc Triptolcntos Puintcr's crrp. LrslliillY u'llh scpilretcd lcaivc\ \!hich sccrrl csPcciallv l)otll-iilr1.rnd Bcrzlc.r'rs u p:rirtcr ofcorsidcr. s .st: Ilis nr. llot ollc' :rlld . strrlrnoi eDd collllllll cratcls.rrrX ol i.1l cs. (l) (ll) Douris er his bcsr with Do lcss pronrisc lhan C)ncsrrrLos lzEl bcsiclc *hotl hc rney hrtvc set.u l.v errheDccs ct.rlicsr signccl work. r.l\ \\'cll r\ lhc heDdlc plllDcttc wc scc ll()w lllolc lolltscs. h:rvc tu. Sccucs u..rtrd sphirrx rvidriu. Thc're is I tcndcncy to thc orlatc ill thc vrrictics ofbordcr pitrcrrr.s 7...981 u'idr the .i.rn c.t offiglrrcs on otltclr. including soltlc \vith ro[]tlst crolic sulr.r 1r.Lrtsiclc. c\plcssioll of I irlc Archric urt.7o. His litcr:rc! is lrl.lccts l. Gcncr.rctcristic lrrcl rccognisablc.vl plx.rs bccu thottghr rcsporrsiblc f(r-:ur iltcrcst ill bxck vicws ofsvnlposi rstr Thc l-u9o] but hc is Iror othcrvu'lsc pirrticrllirlly iuvcntivc in poiltlrc.: 1.tll\ sidcd: 6on1 rc cpic vcrsc t.n t() thc Littc Archeic lrtist. I 9ll Tondo borclcrs IloN . or very popuial.ltrrh rrourld r)or hj\(. lhough nr:1c1rndcr lrl)c1 sqLrrrc pi1!lcrns.1rc..Hippotlarnrs is thc'firvourite kllos tr:ttlc. llrcrc urc sonrc oclclitlcs.rrirr.-lsc siluiLti(nl 'kccP strll'[:97]. oficD rvilh sh:rrplv clorvnturncd lowcr lip. hctc is comrtrorrly e pllrrlctlc conlPlc\ . cllulm lld cltrlluess. h:rvc lorc of I)orrrl! rhrn thc llrygos Pllir)tcr ill lhclrl. :Lrrd lvhcrc rhc londo ltes e qlourlci linc lhcilrcir l)clow rs Jcli pllir. but tbr rilrc cxpcrilltcnt wjth vrrictics ofsinqlc rlrcan.r.tllcrzlcy clistinquishccl li. His lonq clrccr runs fronr about 5oo to nclr .. C)f his 11v.. l":8. Early Clessicrl.. Lr9-5 Zl Thc lrrc vescs slqrrrl e [cttr]n ro thc orll. and M. Somc tinrcs his slirn. will) no Pcrccptiblc Plttcrn. In his hrcr lrtrrk his pr .c t)cgnl to scc tllc liltc pettcrDillq ofgrouped lirrcs oD drcss H' h.irlv fi':lturc brrr J)oU:is cntplr.o rrrecerldcr clcnlents trcl\t'ccn thc sqLl. t:lvotlr-ccl bv Illrjr'r puiutcrs ofthc clly.cs. k is li>r rhc llrgcl v. sYnrposiorr lcgiirrs its Plilcc xs :t Prlnlc sttbjcct.v (ollc drcsscd :I\ Hclrrres). sccs -u 7l This I r thoi. Arr ocLl fi'etrtrc is thc n..rrr. togctircl with studi.ikron i{rored it). pliirtiligs..v nou. rvirh:r child pcrh:rps bcing chtstcrrcd for the enlPty r'.ur nrain pcriocls in his. onc rvhitc ground cxanrplc rcacntl.v :rdmircd his ' nccorrrplishccl.allv rhis is . r r r d rn rl.v orr rhc . includins thc p:rlnrctc lriezcs u.iscs tilll hc rcsL'rves his studics ofnlyrh . ancl thc Oerrellino Painrcr. In rhis.rr r i.rrlr.lersicrl pcriod.llaulxrly cxprcssivc. like thc clresorl rcgtlrgitllirlg Jlsorr l:. Hc lovcs tirll crrrves ol tlillrsll. though rror:rt his bcst.rrccr (rltt LJrvsor l):rintcr rnd his (lirclc.v ru9 oD thc left. distincrivcli round-hc:rclcd liqtres carry an aur:r of Archaic innocclce and onc canlot Llit tdntirc thc errcrsy and rhc itnparrilJity witlt rvhich hc visits but rarcl.ri \\':llriors :tlrd of youths irt school l:E9] (inclrrding I1r)rrhicll lltcr.r t. Vcrv ciose to hinr 1n his lrtcst rvork is rhc ()ttrrr'us PatN tlt.

n cllncusuell. slrEgcsting bruDctlc or blonclc.possibJy two.. prirtcd orr rhc hrrrll. ur. irrgfiquresanclrcnclcringcvcnthcscrl. lncl hc is lond ofhair in scp:rr:rrc locks. of:rbout.r. garrcs."r...fcloreh.c rrtists.phoi l3od.v icavcd lot.r.iclual flr:rrrcs \vhich hrve e ccrtairr casual c:rs..c. cvcn ro tltc rcxr) llrllsr jllustrate l..:rl'.vor-kiuE ind rvorkirrs haltll rrreinJy in thc 43o's:urcl r lirtlc llrci. latcr.s firirlli. Hrr rs r f. but or) soDlc of his bcst u. cl:rrrcinq or pessinu thc rilrc of". like_rhc ranr 1:rbcllcd 'Patlroklos]' fbught ovcr bv Ajax ancl Hetor [-104].ni rh. br-ou.. ln occlsiourl ivy trr:urch benceth thcnr.ilrtrc \vork of rcscrvcd-hcert pilllucttcs. symposion and..r \^nl(. ()thc..l r-tlni.r.l7o. .r1rs . . lucl flat skull.r.i rl rvith rhc clull prccision ofthcse dctirils on r)rLrch corltcnrporery r.irh e rrrtnrbcr ofthc uslul I)ionvsi:rc.ll](] horscbirck (dtc Eestcrtrcrs shooritrg 6!m thcir iloLlllts. His hcacls tcnd to I lor.rh scelcs a.7071. is alrcady E:rrly Clessiciil.. rncl sc.rr fronr lfotrris.s :ri1 othcr'\.rr rorrqhcr lr.rt hc plLrnrs rs siqned as though printccl by 1)orrris. Fot lup r. His cerly rvork is lcss iirll.tr. nor is it v-crv likcly rhat rhcy hld rhc srnrc n rnc.D end yotrdts.ents to hevc rvorkccj cxilusivcly MAt<toN IjoE /.ork.rirnrs r:rblcr opcl [.rs hc rnurcs Hippodanras mc1 Hikcrcs rs kalos. rnd rhc Edinbursh ctrp rvith (irecks frghrine l)crsiel]s oD tb()t . .. brrt thcrc rre lo ruarkcclly original cotnpositions.rrlitr lhrr rhc 4so's.ray be as latc bur rcnr:rin sobcrll.r.r nry.Lup Jt. r\prc\\rn.rl'1..rdix h" rdnrirlccl onlv thc rcgul:lI nlircll)dcr rr b. Archaic in rnoocl end cixccutj..(ionrperc drc nrlctads' clrcss on his Bcrlin cLrf l-. or I conrplil)rc'Dt paicl by thc senior pailrtcr.l:cry withiD thc u'orkshop. solltc plLts spik."r"s'. Ir rright hu ur .ur.l rh( Lrrlin.:.rscs. . includirrs llost ofhis larscr-vescs.:r.r.crrccl M:rkrorr rves l yoLllllcr-rrr.1\'ILts and tItrt: r10 . drc nrost prolific or rvcll prcscrvcd oirll u. His leter rvork. his lrqurcs hclvicr.].rn.r u. Iloth p:rirrtinq ard pomirll link hjs work rvith l)our-is :rncl a cup th.rt ..91 cliliuls sonlc rhrcc hundrcd rrcl litiy lttriburcd v. M.v inciscd ol . cxccpt fbr ilclir. and on thcsc thc l rojln cyclc outnunrber. tltc ellct crrn bc iltprcssivc en.rn rrlrphoril of Punathcn:tic shlpc Athcua is acting es scorer irl thc..ith carc and vlricry.rndlts {ct r ir.runt ic....i.v dccot. -..rrl1 rcJ ti.y cll.l. rvith srylus errd $.t ()ttt li. probably r.rt nrclr! wonrc.rrr.r"r. fbr thc pottcr Ilicron uhosc siqnxtLll. yr.vrnc hrlds..rr(Llb). orl frrrr)it!u. t)tithno:.rrr I rouris.rd fisurcr.o9l rvhcrc hc is cerchrl too. Orr .v togctll.rtcd. My rh cllrms fi-rv ofhis vascs.rr. Arnu..l. nenrc. Hc si. ()D thc bcst vascs hc lovcs clctaiiirg ciccorltion. oticu 6eurcd. vascs :ts ptiritcr. T'his is rot:r casc ofidcntity of:rrrists.r..cletc c. drcsscs lnd skins l7o9. Hc is bcst at wonlcl's drc\s.ri{rrrqtoltls\.rtlr".i..:nnrrrhunr.r.ccclrt Arhcnliul sLtcccsses [30-.Lrs orly oDc.c:tppcitrs ol) ovcr tllirtv ot' ltrs vascs.ithlctc subje.ta oth.ii rl.orks espccirlly skl.. fbt borh Dtcn rtrcl lvortrcD.1j.

rr ':il 11' t' -l rlttittt .o d 5. lfhitt.r.16 (:rputh.t.tk\rtd .\\\\ d.r( \ . t Cul.! l.. t t .T "o t . N tol' tr 'ti a!. ritir :ti I \t it t(. l'l' ' ))tr 'i. Ptun)-l)..tihkr Whit. Otp by rht L|<tsit W h. 1 zrt Oqbt th( B'y.. ---'Lll.

.r.Il l..'t..tt l).r.r6 ()Ut hy () ttit r\ . : ... r:J r /l.: ) \'itI)'t).' tt.-.t'r 1tl t . ()nt\i& i..r/r .L. ...\[itr n t PMht\tt\ ... t. t|ttr-. 2)J.) t)t1t t11..

Athill.29 ()tt by (rr'\it r' int\nr \!N t ) tr t ltt 1)..()tr t L1\ zit (hp bt O .\it o5 . l!t. H. t t )-. .)l' . Ctq hy (t16i' o\ /tt c.t.. ...... t ...r(r -.i kills 7 ftil.tl't...t...7 1.1 .\I .. 22r . aq hy ()ntsin \.'\ ..r(. .J )i./ /rl !r.

.()n6r o\..)a Ky h.l'X.lrtth(Bo pai ttl.t) l)y ttu Coln Pnt tct .tq Statul by ttu Ant\*a . H to J .. j6 Ott by th C.\ l1)._ Dt. R?.\n o!.ah t .ltn hlitto . ll1tittu I:t.)j Ctr lty O .17 ()tt.

Duthttl l'rit" .1 Cry hy th.\ n d Briail )12 ()tp ht tlk A 4nvt thi lu lf .ro\ ]\i'n(. Cn!( l.15.11 . Bt).. I'hrili.1.15.jl Otp ht llLt A titr)tl l)ri t0 .1j (: l l)) lr lltith t l)'tiltt' .1a Cup L)y th. ) Ottsitl. .dind (a t !t. t)| .) t.

r !1lLttu.ilt iphldstnn..\tr .j7 Crt hy th lltyqo\ 1)rr rt ()trrtut .H. Klytdit k. Bt).J1 46 Cp by tht Bryrot Pni t0.ad .r.kr ttu ot an nt Adti t\ zao Cup l.eo\ Pdilnd. Ajrx d.y the lhy.tat 49 L&lha\ by th.ra! I'dnt.! af H!..16 Skypha\ lty Pdid. Rdnlon tht tttYr. .

1 J (:rt by lln Bt)'..l .52.\ nlr(k H\ r tf ]7.2 R. run (: trith lt.!..y nk Btt..rtr\' il 2:r. Sr\..3.:{o! I. lf.l\. alttk rl Afolh) :j1. i . .::n\ 1\1in.l/ir .51 Cry l. r .nilt./l^ drr.. r\ l\r" (. 5) t ( :tj) hy th( Bt)'.

t .ntat . Brylo\ I\tittt.5ti Cry lrt ttu Brylr' lrni t.a'"$ ttli). Dittiy!)! S( .:1 Cup lry th( Btt.t\i\ hti! t .!r t'ryLy ni' FrI-q.r /'.to 1'tint.:. tk Bty.5it ]<h)\o l uk) hy tr Bt)..55 Cry h). \l )t/r " l) nr Bty.t .!o ( uk)hy th.t:os i / l:'6 ?'&.t.qo! Pdino- .1it l ir\ill i.

lhril tr\ lrt ltu B'y!r\ P. .f I'tl.! l.1.!.ir!..lln \t\ r Ll Srpph.t t..tiitttr . i/r)rlr/i.J . ro 5 ]6i Knl.) t ()il ht tln L:ol dry l\ti n l"r"n r. thr^^.5 n d 1'hni\ ) | | t\tttidt il :6.5. H. . .

61 Crt by tht I:o nhy . th Fo tlry Pnnn( | ) t ry l)y ttu Funlt).tlrtlb( hy th( l. . H. Il.t)rrtu (?)..ltllt. i 1 ..n dtf t t ( )tl'lty th.Y 'fil -:: rl .11'h'tL t. I:rndry hnnu t .65 Cry L)y th.wtr.6t Ory by th.l |Yohr yit.63 Crt b).lry PLlittltt. FrL rl . Iht\tt! .

t liotl Athill(! . Btiyi\ l.tl 271-1. ttu lttist:A l\|nltu.r (nn k ns(). ll/hit rtur. Dtatl ol lli. {) p by t| Btistl\ hin( . .I 27o Crt by tht Bti\ti\ hlltn. ()tt lty tli L i!i\ l\tn1tt\ 271 Ctp h).7! 1. H 5t . CdLt'\ tntlr l)y tht Drlli1rt\it hti tLl 1) th .qistho!..'l Aqdnon an.7.

\.sd.Dn..i Cry hy th( ta1i11t0 al tht hlti\ (iildnk nalty ( a.i t 'Bt Pn| t t H t]-: ' . Dulh.lOryhu\ .75 \ | ( )ry l.!i.t\\rnoturhy Ctik d tl ) ()e tfu Pn n0 t'l P$it tu ht^ s .) .65 .i Orriil.(rn\t). I'd tt1 L'f of Lotrt( C ..t.t tfu Dollina\it Pdi (.tt: Crt by tht Dokil.y th. Pasid dndti tt 277 SnM oi l. ( |! IAnndttt hy thl I)nl.ldlid . .8o.r'-rdo r Coli /.

ut-1.t1 2E5 2 I'tltit\'\)l . . tl Ly t\ ru../) Ji(r.W.rr ixl S'rii .r./ /.q E lLt tlk ntnon rl A.t|.ili Crt I'y Dotti\ . h)lall\ i.Et Crp !ipnLl hy Douti..Odysar: rcttrs anan ol AtlLillt .85.l l)y Dnntl\. . t Crp sillt. lhitt.66 Cltt \it ul by Dortr ?d7 al.hillL\.r DorrA Tlk\!u\ a tl ttu Krcn"11lt ridx J.

t .Athoa.E9 C|p !i.qn.qitd hY Doutis 29J C p Ly Do ril -.li'ror!!d q tu dtut.Lr 10 .la .d l.9) Crt \i. . Jn!.8iJ Ctp lry ])r"ri\.y Dauri\ *haal .gt I t(!tthr\ [y l)o tit.Y .

t ol t).1/f /r. lltutkb\ r t A R.r!.(. \tl Hcthri\h: ..r9x (ar..1 (:lry l't D.95.. rt tht hrul rl1h. .|ti! l\'rtuth(r did Hul Rt 2q5-2 Ortsi& t)l 295 r11 1.r/ l) Dotti\. r i \llrr1 \.9( (:rt' by Drri\.llu?l/.oo r..r.o \ ./&r)J 1rl.11-.t. c' iiq.! d. Su ti5 .f r ( )q ir tltu rtrt.

t to1.10L.to. Nli\tn h Athill..\ 10.? R.r.l ta1-r ()tp l') th( ()ilvt\ Pthiti .. Oitlit| ol 3o.xr . P.).rii.1 ()itlqu: ni tu Syhut. ()'(lr d.ior ol 1a1..j..rtr. t Strrto\bth Itiptifu r!Poittr..iJ0l 1 Ain! kl Httt\ .lt .. Citt ht lt liilrloh)t l\rt tt to1.t. lo.l Crplryth Itiroh a!l\ nd..

.1 /.roj ri(.nL lh .. ol ia7. 1a9 Sly|/ror ly }Ialut ..Sl). r ht l trl.t ta6 'l'tithtlorot P...\7akrot t'dt^ lLttls Htln rad.r. lo..1ot Ctt by ttu TriN.s rt'r'otrs Jo' t r.1 Athtit.tor^ lr.I .jnth.e.tH. Mori a. I'rit tt 1th..ti't{ Cnly./.\ thut' Ly nn Dnt ntl tlt iiJ. nnryh\ tr I I tln Tnl\ 'h o. .2 /l(r(h.1. Rtrt^. +ts 1o7.

l\lnktu t.. llt.1 Cul bt Mdktuu j12 C p by Mnkrot.qo.J . t ttpari\ ttt Crp b). Wotltip t)l Dirity \ 11.y Nldkto . SdLyt tldylr )t5 (:nt [y Mdkra .ff ot! bt l|1nkj1tt.5 t | ()q l. 12.

ll)lc incrcxsc itr ectivity ill thc portcrs' qllilttcr. r thc Archtic. rtL r prr.rlly a grorviDg dcpendcrrcc.l Mannerists l'hc Err'lv Clhssictl st.ls ar_lisls Early Cl. Thc Menucrists itrdulgc tllc Pltlcrrrs ofArchric.risrn bcforc thr. with thc c-\ccption oforlc rl)llslcr.cen cornlllitrl)crlt lo thc l1cw..'rlid fitih ccltluy. u.rssicel clnrrot bc lirlly of thc ancl thcrlrcs tnood Thc rcrv l. lvhcrc.. i. in varyirlt clcgrccs. H r19 6. r. riuLcrs choscrr erc' pupils.+7'+ B(). b t rvhich could Alchaic cxp. . ltlritators or Lrri\ts.:rinrcnt irr subtlct.t) 1. PhysicelJy this srrbt lit. C)rhcrs.. A1l rhe groups prcscntccl dcperld.) 1r. .lr.on thc cx:rrnple of ltlljor peintitll.rsc l.tu lL l) 117 ()q hy ltlak .rtlr.1tyb. witil lllorc llulllclotls .v MltrtrcLlst rilovclllllltls iu orllcr pcriods ofart..rrt.1 . I llLrs.vlc cxpresscs rI ncw cthos ro which Archlic dclight il build on l). l.1..rrntcr\.Thc pcriod is onc rvhich sccs I coni.t)rts to North rDd South ltlly (albcit lirvcr to Etrulia eiicl thc dclcet ofthc ()u:nlc by thc (lrccks ofsyrlctlsc lrrd (lunlrc lll :lbotlt.r. bl-1t bcari[q sul]icient i:rclicetion for us ofthc . r' .v ofposc ancl colllPositlol to rctlclcr tlrood or . Wc havc cnlcrcd thc pcriod nLcrl ill arlliquity butstillnotthcv. . end thcir pupils.arls i1l rrU l\l . nor:rbly thosc rvho hrd bcst cxprcssccl the Latc Archeic noocl. otrly thc trlppirrgs could srill clltclliiin. Ll thc..lustioD ofArcheism and dlc protttisc ofnc$'stylcs lcft.r.ith thc hcart gonc. l]or thctttsclvcs Dlilstcl-s.rnr)crs irl dr:rrviDg carl.ltlcrns ol rnirtoltly or drcss collrributcs nothil1q. Lr rllcd hcrc lror thc cilccls of nlljor peiuturg. 1. lttl! \t l). arld the pot iiDcl ctlP follorvcrs of thc qrcatcr Lete Ar'h ri' l.nrotion. llrrt thc ptttclr)s of Archaisnr rvcrc tlor qnickly abarrdoDccl lrld !cntulics lalcl thcy could srill infcrrnr :r viqorous sculprtlr:r1 st. or lllc colrtillLlilticlIr ofrhc olc1. bur sonrcthillg oi tLrc rrcrv rrr.1.v1c. cven thc Ilcr lin Peinter.17o's lhc cxh.ll.'r.l st].\ L).J.listl. All thc olcl 'rrri'r' \\clc:lffcctcd by the changc and bccorne'sub-Archaic'in thcir lercl work. thc Pan Paintcr. withoLrr il\ r'.r Er. irr ( rrk sil cturuics anci public Lluildtngs.. Lrrrtcr s rvcrc lbr thc i_rl st lilllc t'anror.y\ ltittt tut dwilt\.rtists with :l r'hoicc bctr.ri'ud Lr. rvho rcrrtairrcd colnrtljttcd to tltc olcl hrvc bccn callccl 'Mrnllct-ists' bccltsc sotlrc oi thc c1u:rlitics of lhcir rvork erc rccllJcd b.. bur mc[c]y ft) introdllcc it:rncl to studv thc llst throcs ol_ \.MANNERISTS OTHERS lr . . not possible to rekc thc f'ull ntclsttlc of drc E:trly Classicel stylc in rccl I rre il this book.

A1l rhe groups prcscntccl dcperld. witil lllorc llulllclotls .ith thc hcart gonc.t)rts to North rDd South ltlly (albcit lirvcr to Etrulia eiicl thc dclcet ofthc ()u:nlc by thc (lrccks ofsyrlctlsc lrrd (lunlrc lll :lbotlt.. I llLrs. bur mc[c]y ft) introdllcc it:rncl to studv thc llst throcs ol_ \.1tyb.'r..l Mannerists l'hc Err'lv Clhssictl st.rlly a grorviDg dcpendcrrcc. . in varyirlt clcgrccs. H r19 6.rssicel clnrrot bc lirlly of thc ancl thcrlrcs tnood Thc rcrv l. r. rvho rcrrtairrcd colnrtljttcd to tltc olcl hrvc bccn callccl 'Mrnllct-ists' bccltsc sotlrc oi thc c1u:rlitics of lhcir rvork erc rccllJcd b. llrrt thc ptttclr)s of Archaisnr rvcrc tlor qnickly abarrdoDccl lrld !cntulics lalcl thcy could srill infcrrnr :r viqorous sculprtlr:r1 st. end thcir pupils..rrntcr\. Ll thc.nrotion.rtlr.arls i1l rrU l\l . r thc Archtic.t) 1. thc Pan Paintcr.rnr)crs irl dr:rrviDg carl.. not possible to rekc thc f'ull ntclsttlc of drc E:trly Classicel stylc in rccl I rre il this book.y\ ltittt tut dwilt\. 1.\ L). Thc Menucrists itrdulgc tllc Pltlcrrrs ofArchric.J.v1c. arld the pot iiDcl ctlP follorvcrs of thc qrcatcr Lete Ar'h ri' l. nor:rbly thosc rvho hrd bcst cxprcssccl the Latc Archeic noocl. with thc c-\ccption oforlc rl)llslcr. C)rhcrs. . bur sonrcthillg oi tLrc rrcrv rrr.listl.1. All thc olcl 'rrri'r' \\clc:lffcctcd by the changc and bccorne'sub-Archaic'in thcir lercl work. b t rvhich could Alchaic cxp.ls ar_lisls Early Cl.on thc cx:rrnple of ltlljor peintitll. rtL r prr. l]or thctttsclvcs Dlilstcl-s. . .'rlid fitih ccltluy.cen cornlllitrl)crlt lo thc l1cw.rrt. l.17o's lhc cxh... withoLrr il\ r'.lustioD ofArcheism and dlc protttisc ofnc$'stylcs lcft. r' .tu lL l) 117 ()q hy ltlak .) 1r. PhysicelJy this srrbt lit.Thc pcriod is onc rvhich sccs I coni.r Er.MANNERISTS OTHERS lr .1 . riuLcrs choscrr erc' pupils. u.risrn bcforc thr.r. lvhcrc.r.+7'+ B().ltlcrns ol rnirtoltly or drcss collrributcs nothil1q.v MltrtrcLlst rilovclllllltls iu orllcr pcriods ofart.ll. Lrrrtcr s rvcrc lbr thc i_rl st lilllc t'anror.ri'ud Lr. bl-1t bcari[q sul]icient i:rclicetion for us ofthc . ltlritators or Lrri\ts. i. irr ( rrk sil cturuics anci public Lluildtngs.rsc l.ll)lc incrcxsc itr ectivity ill thc portcrs' qllilttcr.v ofposc ancl colllPositlol to rctlclcr tlrood or .vlc cxpresscs rI ncw cthos ro which Archlic dclight il build on l).lr.. cven thc Ilcr lin Peinter.rtists with :l r'hoicc bctr.l st]. or lllc colrtillLlilticlIr ofrhc olc1. Wc havc cnlcrcd thc pcriod nLcrl ill arlliquity butstillnotthcv.:rinrcnt irr subtlct.. otrly thc trlppirrgs could srill clltclliiin. Lr rllcd hcrc lror thc cilccls of nlljor peiuturg.1. lttl! \t l).

lr.orks musr bc rs larc as thc .king hook lolds on Aktiion's cloak.. rllost lrrritflrl rncl c-rciting pcriod ofrcd fisure vesc pairrring in Athcus. :r little earlicr tharr rhe Pln vasc. Thcsc rvc considcr 6rst. bcecly cyes. borJ". shapc bctweeir thc hydria hlrdlcs..... . It givcs us Parl.1.rrortal booby. prttems and rlrilny sccllcs are lhose of Mysor.o] r... On thc othcr sidc Artcrris thrc:rtcl)s with hcr bow es she swccps bccn l. his treetntcnt vese [.Li . . . rtl. brcd its nrost devotcd adhcrcnts. Diolysi:rc or konros lncl sl.rllity rcprcscntcd hcrc arc thc At. His best sccncs heve a turiquc thc.. Hc is circfil with lrrrrtorrrv 'fhc Ir .r. rsc.rr (kalpides). \\.k ivt pafterns.. Pan's 1. inspircd lbr Attic art Obscrvc thc gocl ncrv 1l conlpirativciy n"ru r. . 'No_r l) itvcragc day in thc Manncrist workshop.1q].lr bl.j"ct. It is iltclcstinq ru rlrrfi. with a ferv. His dratving .riz.rurrish rri . Parrrur[..Hc w rs rv"rlrrrrl of Arcltaic coruposltioll .. rhen the Pen Painter dcservcs some othcr epirhct an. tolcls crrding in "r65 ..rt the tcrrtur v.hcrc hc.. torn by his dogs...t!.r.ultcl rrrarker in Italy (cxccpr Etruril) then ilrost ofthcir aorltcnlporarics.. Thc ovol() t(x) is bv rr"tu ' .tsc irsclt. :rud his work is in a roLrllv dillcrert class.. but divc: sc arld subordineted to figurc end thcrnc' Wc havc an .. 1r^ttcrtr.lt(d or rtrvtntcd. On thcsc rhe sccncs ilrc gcncrally lranrcd with thc old bllc.jth cltisinq arrd ril..rr . :tccoLlnt for rlrost ofthciI plrirllirlg.vh:rt .. o ficu addrng cxPrcssivc cxlra lio es alld ercs on arl1ls iuld nccks 'r'rk arc clclialltly itl rocks . rethcl 1. end rt hjs bcnch tlrr carly Mrnncrists ieentcd rhcir crafi. rnd lrc givcs sornc pelnlc'lte lcrves spincs. His hcxds arc slll:rll' roLrrr(1. pelik.. lbr allecration noti'c rl. goatskl cloak.lNro ParNrr. himetion on [3. Fissurcs .r encl plnslus 4]. r8o rilr .' Prccious.r.cLl [135. Yott cen alnlost llc:rr-thc htrrtl' ''r"l is rlr.ith religious thcrnes. r' ancl cleborated lotuses includirrg thc ncwly rcvivcd str'riqlrt . llesidc thesc drc P. |tyth sccDcs ancl fiSur(\ r(.r1y Mlnncrists of yct slightcr qr.r1tcrs.:l it The LENTNcIAD PATNILR l-j22-61 ciul menrsc nar. Lr. ntusl hrvc beerr pxintcd il1 thc 46o's.:rrtcrs. sirort noscs.. Noticci his spccirl rrnphorir distiDctivc.!i. .st. bur our irtist is ro puritan [346]. :rud thcn recall the sr'virling patrcrrr frrr l... Arrronrj thesc rvc rnay pick out scvcral of suc:. thc artist ttscs iris brush thc cap.r.son encls. iplopos of thc vasc shlpcs.ithsonrcpicccsLnlxttached[11r Ir29] bcll cralcr ill Boston.rttcnr ofihc boy's clrcss on thc othcr side of thc vise... ()thcl c. This is . OTNANTHL pArN'Ir. encl rhc Archaic Pattcrrrs of Thc satyr cebinct-nrakcrs on [325] probably illustratc Acichl. bcsini aud M1. saiyr phy. visircd by Nikai (noticc thc swiDs of thcir clrcss) lrtl Athcna is an inrportart sccnc. rcruarkcrl l3e.. . rvirh e touch of rhc thcatric:rl (rrr r l.r .c c:rn sec. sencr.r rlr iirll chir s. rtrcrn's sakc.15o's and thcy have \Lreau\s.hich hacl inspircd rhc Arch:ric schcnrus.. not consiclcrcd lterc.rnposiol sccr.i91. cornpositiorr wts P()ssilllc or cvcn adDlisslblc But.lr Ur )ittlc rcgerri to rhc rilrturxl lirrnrs r.trrtl 1'-rttcrrr tl'' r' '.rtrncrisrr Dl:ty bc r.. Thcrc rvcre h-accs of Menn.ebotrt 48o.. on cretcr llccks. .1 9 first and Bcezley lound il nor clsy ro sly \r.ltivc bettir Lrrrr the ernlciation ofthe ligurcs on [. brLt derails of shapc and clisposition of patcrrr sLrsgesr dlat rhis is a nrN. rrr' coller boncs is sonctitlres dct]chcd.rrN... Pen Prinrcr.. .rs! ro rh( uncl .avy borclcis to the nre. .rsc rvorkshop.2d]. .i tolnltn . His v.lmg i..b. with thc I lis rrarllc v:lsc. . rocks.. tl)r.r1\ lhxt IScezlcy's'sub-Arcllxic' llls not wo snpP()rt.-. ulicr lrcatn)cDt ofthc Akteion story by our irrlist 1337-r]. clrp. a r.rs lound.". slirrincss of thc gocldcss end tlre tiny dolis.t6] nrry 1.e:rdcrcd by sllrlnrer ligurcs.'ivclv.36] L:rtcrlrc rlirres t'r tlr' thc Mlrpessir as on . .rs prrrbrbly rlrr.rvhilcrhcdcgreeoflffcctationlndrcssorgcsturcrclldcrstll(\'crrr\ '... nr ytl. Proportions tend to tllc slirrr' l)trt Ir()l dress arc vericd btrt sclclorrr ill'rgicrrl rlot Tigzags.rb1-v carly Ir.uv pattcrns alld llorals of Letc Archaisll). .. l.. .ittcr.at'tsrlJrl rr thc risht l 1:3]. Nolice hor'r.rtrd hyrlri. Thc shapes..rz1'cy. rvherc hc givcs rhc lrLrntcr a dccrskin bocly-stocking lor his clogs to worry and tclrThe Athcns pclike with Hcrtklcs Frqhtiuq the scrvar)ts oflSusiris [3. Though with sorllc prcfercrcc for thc Marrnerist shapcs lrc also dccoratcs thc f. col)lr:Ist thc sr:rckcd nrultiplc ..24/ is riv.hich worksltol. nradc a virtuc of Mannerisnr.:risrrr ln thc' work ot'sonrc xrti-sts alrcady bet'brc 4llo ancl r.2o] and rhc boy's proportions. anirnll divinity.rl-\. . 1141. rlrr. sntrllcr hceil. cxploitiltion ofpaftcrn i| cL. 1. not lcast for thc worlral . bcitrg en jllPr()vclllcllt ou lifc.. If Myson's followcrs havc lcnirhe tcrrn . \\'11'v lincs. .jcct. Thcrc-hes .. Sorrrc of thesc u. For l dcltonstrarion of Mrnncrism look at thc illogicrl u...s of Artcrnis' hinr a tiotr.ally old-irshioncd..1"1. by a rustic idol to pursuc a 1.". p|og.-5]."r.lo..rhing in rhe convcntjons ofrccl6gure to lcad us to belicve thxt such a mood .-s . r Lr1.rN P.. j. His ratigc ofsubjccts is unrivallcd all rypcs ofgenrc.:e hcrds . an lru flung up ir :rliorry.u [327. 's vivid.Alchric M.b.. Onc nrajol xrtist.rtIi'rlllv rlr ll)t l. Thc prc pAtNl !R t z tl ts onc of tlrc 1.asc studio. but it is a syrnptoli of lhc sanru lrsr tl. cr1 . aDd rvith rorvs ofblack buds xs bordcrs.r\r Akt:rion..nrc.Manrlcrisr' l pejoriltive ncaning.r. sor)rc ilrlrphor:1c alrd a serics ofculr loutrophoroi.ificc [340] or.ess lor its orvrr s:rkc wirlr thc nrodcrn scnsc) ir thc trcatrncnt ofrnygfi.lf rhc rl.ln is a parrqon [:-. with the shakcn-out folds oIher skirt.r rh...lus. . thc ThaltwLtpoiLti. poP-cycd synlbol of country ir .l \uL. thick nccks.llcsr possiblc rensc of vascs including nrany lckythoi (sorne whitc ground). rrr nroocl it is rcndcrcd tr_v rrivialitv ofsub. llrcl is Do lcss clrerDtlic iIl mood Novcl l. ptJtk... n. rlotirbly c'lc'1it rrr lx)t'lt l \rrlirl 1. Ihc Mannerisrs rrc p:rinters nlainly.rllcil only bf rhrr ot rhr . c\egscriltioll ()l qcstLllc.

J tuth. \ tn.I Ktlpi! by tlt L.. H il p4t'.LalirytuLt l\titut rrl Nuk anrylnr'|t)v ttu I'"rytdl "iikt n lttutluYl.htn M1( by 1lt pi.t1tl 1\ ita -\.a (:. : J..q pai ttt t2t (:tlt it t'dtt' l.. 50 Pdi'ttt1 r.rrl\th.).rj /.tht l.: i !rt!] Pthnt t/d| lItllJDP .ra l:r4.xn1(rnd Prin( 1'npilh5 lKri 'r') .il t\r1ttut t22 Collr ndtu I'y tht.I rr( L. tilt. H.Tln.

\ri.nrt5.? Krli5 H.\n t1o by tli lqiantu ltri r\.r .).l\ Ird llrilr l. t\tith. rh. t29 Krl.Ar!.it ht tfu Onldnth. i'trv.tt Knlpi\ b). t.dntk1.q1tu l. H- .J.tu A. Hnn.J 20 no.

Ll.ltillLi t.i().2 rrs i R.1 lltll trlto'hytht Pt r L\1i1tttr l a trn\') hr ntld b'y H'l7') jt) {)rlr ItLhntt.4ktrit)t .4. l\'1itu.roJr.r 1r!t i! nn..5 L(lytha! i\1d 0in H )9.lrt /)r.1r &'i5t.irt! 4r d kati 1i5.l .-1r./ir5. ri).t ()ltrt . ).!rf\)r l/. .

rr.16 P. oak\ by thc l\111 lrai n\ Art.lik by th( Pd Pri ttt Hodkt.t 1)ir l\.! o d Br\ni.! nl tt/-.:r tlia t i1E-t.kt(rby ttu\'dnPdi to.) l)i. ANLIa li.0 0 1u .)' 1. JalZ 1 llaLrt. ti! r d Aktdjon irir /l.Chl\ Iddjji'r M/{"Jjd .

C.t\ d l ()tuithtir : tj Lltll .l rtqnnrtu lrl tlr 1\u l\tifitt Z\:n lCity \h 1a.1io Colunn (db hy ttu l\ ]\titt ttl Oi oJat by tht Pt ht tttl lhr.)tti|i h)'tt( h l)ri ttt 119 Nrl.1(t l')' th' l\t|P'rn'tua l)id')'n'J tt t .hon mtu hy *( Pdn Pa" ( l' Nalr r lhan l)y thl I'd Pa" 't N'tuitl .

r ..i..-friri"ti-f.... thc sharp relieflirrc is less . llrd crlds es it ltrtlnerlst..urlosity..tr.:l.tfror. circulncrrcd Africaus' ancl inclulgcncc 'rr' is i....U"l 'rrll'r'ttlll prelur th''l'rrgur'r'rtLr''rllJt i.-.hai.' .rrri..'" r93 lt7 L.]ir.1Lrr'cd to dcmonslratc thc barba.. f"S....ui'L. pettcln... l.f fr"r" "..^lity ilt such a clitllatc bttt il w's 6tljn!5 thit lhc .. .i:'..'a irr bur.. Thc: cycs but the pupil sti11. r r. hy th( Pn 149 H.. p"rittitivc lorttho'tcnirrs ofr'rrli'r by light rcudur'd rrrd hiru pl"rtibi .kfthas by tl l.''i' of lru 't:r rrr rro' t r b"trrc lt 'rt It rl\ 'r)olessicrl Early finc j.ri". . -oa o.".{. by thc vase h:rrrdlcs' fr.1."". rf i/r...\\.ilr.r. (lcstures lre cxxgccr:ltcd no. sophisricatcd llair u'id-r linc encl dress- i16 Dtb\ l)y th( Pa Pnttlt l'ot painters I L.butthcPanPainterdclivcredArch:ricGrcekert's eni ection in an Athcns wherc muralists' v'tsc Pxinr('l! i. l.-. a.pfr"ii. ... *...r'rl ( )l\ I I] pl'l' .11 l!q.:++' 3161). oi rlir' . bodr irghtlr 'hrftcd on Irr urr\ l(): hrrl wrtlrorrL The posc rrnrts . .i.t" ofp"rtcrr-r workjrrs lowards the ncrv Clessical idcrlism Hc *". rlrrlv ust'd and rhetu rs. L irr lri- llis l'ntcst work lacks bitc (es l:+t.. . .. J! lri'lJr"r l)tli/|. '.l-r. cclge its top '-ii" attist HETMoN^x Er-i.-rg o.lrrlr' hv rhis .rc'vasc \ \crv( d .' t.i l....1..d p''plo'-rtc'rinr 6grrrur (\errl rhc-cliJrrusl brcek .""rit .b1.rp...il.. ""rpt in rilu:rl loutrophoroi lrc clecoratcs sonlc sllul]er vases as wcll as a spcciel linc .1. .. ..^rr" rlrc ..rry*iia.lr on rhc lltlr. 't 'l'" lr' rricr dr'rp' rr 'r....litv I i5 r al' Hc ii"n' f'rrnr'rnrn"i fir'' 'i.r.."...ifr.rrrtts rhu 'wccuirrs hool' ''nd : ..'a (born fronl scnlelr child ofthc father donor rhc Ucph... r\r. w"s-1o"g to"sidered tbc work of the lor 'rll rl ' trrrriit rr''w"rrrd t'tr *rrrg di"n' rr ..rpplicd ".rnrd'..i .-"".'r'i.. p.rr.ot \\ |l rt uu re\ oqrrt. rrrorr' ' ..r*'".thc btld..:"i*irl... . *i. if. erttl thc big. I.h '.ll... .rltl ollgh lll.t is I lhcm.l. bt tht H Priittu..Ucrlrn P'rtntr:r' t t ' ( xnd bcci iln ilnportant \h rPr in the flrst Lltlrrtrl ol the cn lury cd'r rJrrnl. rift"a Uy Mothcr E'rrrh (Gc) irrro thc rtrrrr of Athcna' i . nrarkcd.r*ii rl irl 'crrlfl tlr.rirr'\n.ti t. fi.."" from [350[ .tL'...nirious no\\ iltld nlort tlul\ mannclcd 'Thc Paintcr bcgins:rs I tuln_ r istr .ho1..jE Ltkylb\ /'j..1. ..rlr.-[...rinly circtrlar..tistos.rzlc1 ' bl' th'rt hc wirs susqe\t to Hur).irrrt aain""tlon of anxtonry Drt'rr c..(..u. L\!.ll pattc..r." f"r1.f.r..r.rc . Bctu'cen hc is rnol c' (t3eazlcy) Thc M:lllll' ..L rc\elsion to nlorc formal Archaic pattcrn' but .i. of thc Pa.r. b. . tr.r rr r.|..ff.| i. *Lr 'i"''t h'rrc buerr J Prrprl''r llrc... r....r" t<la" 'rrr( rrrprud rrr( lll ( '.INTtilt oF MUNI( 11 241 -l ' Thc L hr ld Eri' h rhonror' r forrndcr '..cratcrs 11ot ttt hi' f"t'or'Iritc shiPes t..s of qt.il. i:.".t\ rhc I rl l1 t il.rb"frlv Ath(nrr'i'Jrosrrirrthc or .rvrtion rlliun ." .. A.c. l.."i"." rhere is rrr'l r ' rrl'' ri pclrk . srennos hacl r .rl.or)rx irr cnoug-h little l. rrr grcrl exponcnt of thc Archaic \{:r\ :rls() one of its lnasters' .f*rni"t v^...dt P.ri rs unlhrrtntd uhi'h in prinr .. Nilr.hrrthcr tlr 'rr rlr-c qtr'lrtics rr'rblc Ctrrlll' dltrlr'rr'' ...u e god and by irotes poiscd on thc tcnclrils ".lolpi...l"a." . L . '...ai that oFthc Eros bchrnd .rrihlc il1 other acliorl sccires whcla Ar'h'lit vigour lr erllrlnrtti ."riy Cf""i*f in sculpture too md *Lch Icpl pro6lc vicw witlr good in livcly' arc widc.i.....-.. .'....

irr'.'"".o."'. H' r' .' i" r.r11r rlld long ':cntLc rs rlrrr'rr..L L...rnlro.. rlnd solnc looser tcndrils. but not..... '(..grlvcs al)d dedicilliolls otr tserlin Peintc'r.1 sirnolified into knobbly '"y lcr[' l.'r.lisilrrh('I(nrnl'. r.. in choice of sul'rjcct-matlcr.'.v clcrails ofEar)y (l)rtssi' rl drllving arc hcrc thc hook folds.':i.1. .'sp.t.1.].'p.:. cspccillly thc'first..::i* :.. Parxrut []76' rr ith lo littlc Mannctrstll..ty'p. ' ""nt L'''''o' i'h'p' 'u.' sectitn wc find lotuscs srvollcn ( )r scvcrai cups [ry parntcrs rrlcnu.rrr' iopicd (c.r'.uNlnn [360 -.'1. ere in thc ncrv ntllllet Nolans er-rd lckythoi ollcr no oPPortulrity for elaboratc scenes:tDd or-rly ott some slunnoi and hydriai do wc scc groups ofgods or minor rnyth Hc liktr pursuits of u'orncn.f. l)ctails ofdrawing rccall his masrer cycs. q. Aprrt froln :t rarrgc I'l ordiirary konros and Dionysiac sccnes.:.u.. s r. Tirho. niJi. straight-s1ded lotus rypc. i."..1. :. curin!5s.F.cd it this as lt"itl.rrlrsts whos( rcPerrory stverrl by rcc'rlled of l)ouris is .lLrrnp.f.."L.' .:i Jli['..r. .rrrr phoric..-..1.. Ilorcas and Orcithyia fj5z).it l. Timoxenos and Hippon.'.. ro..' Prr)vidcs [.Iil' I. ..l '1" \:kun l)rinr."o ''ua'.. cen tlrlke r I rrr(''lrrt 1'erlr'rr" rlr.iiili::i:.bc'rrcb*'v'd-rh'"ilrcirourrdli'rL t'mc.r.*t1 o{ ( ornPo\rrinn irr \trb(l. prcscllts J Pheidian thcrlrr'. who arc not collsidcrcd in this book.l3eazlcy fek ablc to call tlr' PRovr)F.li. t..'..". with filllcrxl or wcdding scerres for honrc usc only cr-Ittillg oll:r forelock rlr.-r.r Giulia Painlcrs. '.. lnd we r'.g..'.'. Nikon.."*.h*..'uqh ih""'r.:i:'L:.t"u" thi'roughiy e"ig"'atit sttu" .r.f. "'.. Thc namc vasc ol r follower..r... Hc workcd in thc decadcs bcftrre and aftcr 47o and pr. (lthcr artists rcscnrblc hinr.'.j. Zcus ald Aigina [35r]. Altcr the Archaic wc clcrrlll' have to look ior othcr crireria ofcxccllence...vith a snrall rarrgc ofn yth.rrll..1 l'. : [i.l il his ircss' but cen bc.nf.rils 'rl drcss and drawing."ii.ii .rt'll f'.:... '.r ilr.. IIr'' florels arc.os ir dte llost.'cl ..rpr. ..rilclcss 1.. Thcsc are populer shapcs lvith nrrlr'r Cup painters Etrly Classicai arlists aDd e few mly bc mcntioncd hcrc.'' rcscuc of Anchiscs prrr' rrrsorrrhL \ol rrr' f . xnk]cs sonrc florals.. arltl 194 cotllttrtrc irl I wcrkencd forttr lcw cup paintcrs workiDg n'illh ilr thc 4('o's Mlnlrerist flourishcs.. .. lotus types) All thc ncr.t.r... Thc OttlNc>tlt trs P. yct solllc thc precision.rJil..'rrt'ltort''tttt' . Hc rv u workrng from lhe htc 47o's probably to thc nlid ccntnry..r. his spcci r lit v seenls to bc the Olyrnpixns..' .i.ili..h roi . . rhc \ 'l. : .o' rapt....rrst' Glaukon on scveral vlscs. notably larcr. o.:::l:.rlly morc robust' erld this' conlbincd on Makr ot 1 hc follorvrng fbr ltttt"or" Thc CuNtr.rtrociotts.1cs in rlot withour rvhat Bcezlcv calls rr's. and a warrior silcnt "'n. f.-rv ric ::]). logcthcr with xrr:Illnost cxcc\\i\r fondncss for pursuit scelrcs....' R'n"..confidcrrr errtl oortions ofhis figurcs atrd sonrct..oIrhu "ld''d +.. grouped lincs ol drcss bur with straight 'rr at least rot zigztg hcns.r' thoru' ch'erlc't.. xnd an occ:rsional revcrsion to thc ol(lrr.l.. I rttcnrton orrll thc Axt't"*o".'. lr.] displays sonrc viqour and humour w]rich carr rcca)) Skythcs' Thc Dionysos and sltyr [362] rchearse all old thel)te though in ncw dress.'i". and of Charmidcs. \vrrrior '1..j..r. 'i rn thi\ qroLlp rrleludc \oll1c I ]::'.'. b(\L.1 J.rtr pupil ofthc him as a Beazlcy salv Acropolis.c thrrr hi' rrrr\l( .'. .lrukorr v''st' H' h'rt bu'rlirrg on Jrrolher .. ofbcwildcrt*. lrnd so[Ic sobriety of tlrood.irrtur 'ld ll.. not obllvious to Pltterns ()l drcss ard body and rcluctant ro brcak with Archaic poscs although dct.t..li F.'..'i"" o.f ''"'""' J\k'rln'.n sun"'"i I'ArNrLr lJTrl.. Ihr Nrxur l.|-:.. his delicacy of rouch llrhough dctrils . r. . . thc 6gurcs little bettcr.arrrrnl{04-ol r'.. and hlve the s:rnlc illtcrest in thc bcaury ol (llaukon. .od "lrh. "p'igiu-'"o'nsul. opcn eyes.-ti .il.1 Lrrr .n""1'l'r'rt'nt I *J \r(rur\ rrith lr 'rphlr'r"rr A... ar. sccular or divinc (Eos llter Tithonos or Keph:rl'rr.-.r( ('r)rphr. btrt thc Pcrsitn ([360j fighting r Grcck on thc othcr sidc of the vasc) rcminds trs ofa nclv thcltc for vesc paintcrs inspircd by rcccllt cl-lcountcrs in thc ficld.1l:Xi::i:l: .'r.i]:::i frorn Troy (co'nparc I .:. Lrlrt-rrudy o1_:r hotlr u'rth'cltps'h'rtrutn{ url tht rvrll' Lrltl 'L rrr thc p.rlrc i l:i:: . li'. l''7r' .i' . indced most of his wolrcn scclll in a hurry' carryirrli ernrour [..... ."t. Poseidon [::-i])....' erorrp' ..ff.1lrc lr'1d''r ror thr' wlrol'' iroup but thc rnidget Athcna bursting from Zcus'hcad is still Archric [.nd rh( L)lun\'rJ('ot rht loirro'' l)rsH PAIN. l lr| Providencc Paintcr is ncar and unprclcntious. Florel friezes are bcccltning popular rrg ritr. i.NcE PAINTLn an cxccllcnt artist [356 9]. thc glirnpsc the rnood of thc master's cool figurcs cspecially on thc Nol:rr). bel:rrrtt and prttcrn arc apParcrt still in thc major Early (lltssicel artists likc tlr' ruiobid and Vill....h.i'i.ddish..".re scizini. yot"g old"' t'y rrrcDt and scerch corrcllrctccl 'it""' ""d r95 .rr'd hcotrrsrd( ' ' trp\' rnd the grorrrtd lrnr\ lo'r'lo' firr bordur' tl ..r'. r-41.. .. ...tc oldcr varicty u'ith . l. pcrhaps.orl' pre<urn'hl1 for dcdiL]tlon (h( p'rrr1t''' ' : \(rrr"rrorherol uhr'.581 or in donrcstic sccrlcs :l bustlc to whicl-r cvcn his Arhenas llrt not inrrune [3571. Thc Bcrlin Painter decorlted a numbcr of Nolan amphorae ancl lekytlr"t throughout his clrccr.l'.:'1. Thc soltlt rLlf trirditlons of Latc Archaic. rr otrnd cup torrdt': rrrd th'rc rntr\l b( Ilr( 4r'o \' I.llo((up\:JlldIll(EUAlitN or sonr'' rrrrrrr -nd n urc . ankle rnrrkirrgs..."n tlrc hurrtr"rr ... 't. whois secn to bc a pupil ofthc Bcrlirr Paintcr.i..rr Ar'h introdrr'" ofrurr 'orr"rirrrur 'lrrghliker.r\..t.'"p"' well as ti. I r th. rhe PAINTEn oF THII BIr{TH oT ATHLNA.. Thcy arc lcsser nlen. and lcss prolific (the Providcrrtc Pairter ntttstcrs rleerly x hundrcd and fifty ertributions).ot *..'pr."i. r.o'hotrnir sttrgctv *r'rn*crcd t..:'t :m*:::jl:::lii. unforturratcly..r.f -r''.:.ut .tr il:ili#:...r..or': is T''-'u"o' l'awrr^ lJ1618rl . notably Zcus.. slro i' ' nroliGc rni'r ol lri''rrr'rll-hcrLl'd 'lrrr' -r.'...' i ':""rp'r' n'r'rtd t''r 'n ''ryl''rll"' r' l"rri' ".. laurels [352] on pclikai end hydriai.. frirl " "tt""'a'. r.|. i:' r.th... v. tho'.a.

mvth is showD it is hlndlcd with confidcnce..'rk ofuitlrrr I young rnJn or . itt! 7 .bcior.:.vo ofthis peintcr's cups sigrrc.. Hr.!J /. Thc. on whosc cups Bcazley lvondcrcd whcthcr rv.{ii1. .l by Mlkrou's potcr..a peak. chc r. -jjo-t Str nr!hlt/./ rio r racquct thYrsos. rhe Achillcs Paintcr. On othcr. r. Hicron.ond .rnge is rntr:JligiLl.rro. It has bccn associated with thc srory ofthe rcturn co Atircrs ot thc dcsccndants of Kcphajos. thc stylistic chxnqc is admissiblc.... Finally.. but rvith a nclv usc tirr ll_vinq drapcry and noticc thc nrlnnered florlls.rrp J-rdoj prcscrrts an old thcrrr. Archaic artists had an inreresting old agc.vhosc nante is that both of Eos' othcr swcct hcart rnd of lur Attic dcruc-hcro.<'.. sce thc latcst work of the Klcophrades Painter. havc a ccrtain stocky prcscncc. r ij o.. but if they xrc his then thc grextcst ol rl)(. T'his is orc of tr.rnc ch...I\ri tL\ tl:\lini& 14ttllt lt u\.r\..c.".(l Lo)itas and thcir big boots [382].tuhh.r /).. . vlscs Licltts is preiscd. Thc rhcrn.. . thi' r. Thc figures undoubtctlll.. ). rrrcl whcr r.od...)_tli hol F.\n".'--. brighrened by thcsc figurcs ofrrirk(. a lavouritc ol tirli Classicel :urisr.hrldh. thc Boor PATNTER. tlr.

l.l lr l\inltt .t. H . Irilik( 'l.'l th. 11ur k.t Brh$ nnl Oftitlifir t)j L(ktthr\ hy HtnN a\ Po\(m.ltrr 1:.d hy Hu .16 n nr') JjJ l).tt1 5tLt. lttth 'l lthtnn lr .to\hlHl hiitl\ l\ ltrl t)ttrhtu) .lil.

158 l.rnta. Nolt allthori by 1.rrl ll. h\\idn H't./ t5q N. Dio ylt ifi .(kytha\ l.t6o Nala a1111)h a hy tltt Oit \)Lt( lldi tt.y th( J5( LtLytho\ hr th.l tnllut bt th' Oid ll..1 P.t.H ar't 161 L'kj'tha\bl ttu Ot'lntkl'\ (' r // . Pn'ridtlr( .la dnDhn {.i .J ili.Oio akk\ Prittt't' j6 r Nrli.

/nrl.lyhik.t/e.r J(6 NrlL AtlNk t'i!lt id \'lNht dj)h|.4l. iad C.. /.N l)y th Nil. 12 161 N. 1t ''. H.rl Pri .tq Noh n ryhon I'y th..it.tk t d\nn bt tk ClNuridt\ Pii t. /.! r).1. t I t"''t' ll -"tt t "ttt .rrr.rid..r Pd'"'r' to9 t'ttlt Lt tht I lt l'ttrtt.Jr./..qtuntl. \ll.)'. Ni[. /r. lk....\tlnttn i65 tr()..

DtJt Ly th.lilla \a 4 Douti\. Lhsl]/id(.).:i! ('I.yp( A) ht a.tlt.25 P).. Pri'l|t Htakk\ dl1tl Dia ltL)\Jion t- t |)tt 1.t (:lirit I'ointt t l|i\ Cltri It-9 ' ) . Irr lrfl. Dt h I'a ntt II C t. t\r kl 176 Crp lry lhe Chti. 1a J7t Ditlt L'y th( Di\h Paid(t. H. tltt L rnh . _4ntnit t7. l)).

pho\ Pdiit (na tu rd\') .\ . l.r JTit Crp bt tht T(l.J7q-2 Out\ii( t'l t79. 7.1 Crp hf th./r /') /ir.rdd L'r. fcltrhr! hlntu Eos rnd Tilto .t 18r.i9.) 2 ()ry by tht ll{t l\tittttr . 1 ]t t l''tttrtt .r S(dth Fnl jili ()1p I'y lfu'li'lL'tha! l\nt!.

":... Thcrc arc a few special varieties as well as diffcrent forms ofhandlc ridged.uggc\tE d to sides (Type A) strarght havc may handles.[..".."p."1y rcgul. Shapes The lengthy discussion in AIJFH Chapter Ninc obviatcs the ncccssity for detailed re-study ofshapes.::':: k. Pelikai become very popular after 5oo.a ..rue lug..o-p"" 'arni:rrg ljll:I"* frgtll c fi tpe zo' : o6] rnd thcrc 1et'' bl 'tk I Type r oflife in 6fth-century red 6gure [t69. rceded.... c'r.omc oi rrhr'h hrve ':an 1'tring ".. 24.)cnrcdonearlyredfLgrrrecups. Typc a is called a 'chous'. iaa tqS' 1o4 J5t' J54l A'wella'rhcu'u'l"bulbous holc: fur lrds) .. The Syriskos Painrer has a volute crater with figures on the handlc sidcs. Neck amphorac less often follow the standard late sixthcentury scheme [t49. cspccially with the Mannerists [142. t 7j. Hydriai.r'tr.. Some recapitulation and con-rment on new or complex shapcs wiJl sullicc.i.hrpc on 'n tobecome 1Ire'tanrno'prc'cnt'mrrrorshrpcrarr'rtions rendrng ....'n''p'l 'P'''p'h. i8r] and calyx [zz."i1"..p skvp!:'' ." latcr (thc handlcs h'rve Ll\o . The volutc Ii54.vlretyf."rrl h. r 7 t ). ... stcrnmud vrrietv' sL<vphoi . jt9] but the small 'doubleens' with doublc-rccded handlcs and concavc lips are made chrough thc Latc Archaic period Ir 64].n.. Neck pelikai are rarc [383].'ourcdb'Hcr'rkle'' ftgurc' rn blrcl rh'rn r'o ifl. r79. . t8o.. J24].-l .J (."''"..."ri.g.. with . il. . t 6z.. Of thc belly amphorae very few ofthe old varicty are still madc besidc rhc rrcwer Type A with irs angular handles and steppe d foot 18..i'"r.t.rst 48o lr 75]. etc."""a"ys called a 'glaux' efter the owl somc r bcak and . 130. q"o.. high-necked Nolan amphorae 116o..si" l."J.l r..". Type C. j6ol.. ordin'rry 1hr P\yk(cr ' lrle r\ J i.o.o'. 3o7] are particularly common after 5oo. and thc developmcnt ofmany ol' the more important shapes has been considered in the course of rhe chaptcrs on stylc. J".'lhe column crater has a new lcasc 2o8 [z-rz]. t7o)...r"r]rble corntnon :76) C.'.f..o.r.r' lrtcr rrc rnhrch handl(\ r.l.-i.. its handle platc supports now wholly columnar.ita.. Amphorat. r 46. names and uses. the latter's height comcs to overtake its width in the 47o's."r. fhckyrllro\drpprr curvr\'\ .41. See also for DU thc- Vase-NewisrhebcllcraterwhichisrePrL.!1.. ." l:d "n" "'rl. t64. t96).'iii.tic' ha' bcc.i t. giving Bcazley's classificatlott (see next page). Oinochoai arc easiest summarised by outlines of thc varieties decorated in Archaic red figure. has a limited vogue in Archaic rcd figure to about 45o..flt. The former is often left with a black body.'di'rlt. twisted [138.'no. .n". introduced about 49<:.lz.p. in"'*. ft.".s.l.. 17151 nor loop fr'-ir.] craters remair-r favoured for the most elaboratc work.i.but fr'" froln about 5oo on Ir5ol' Some cartv ex'-.i. a. as there had been on thc Franqois Cratets anil coolers. Therc are Nikosthenic survivals [56]. Morc important arc thc small..1.."u"'.'... with rollcd lip and plain foot Ir5z]..n.i..".ttt 209 ... ctc...'re'112.' t'' wooden ve'sel'' wc 5rc (he old dino{ .*u..Af . *irh th' fl"'ing bowls of tirccorrnrhian kotvle of which the .i. and pointcd versions resembling thc plain wine jars ltjz. One-piccc kalpides are far commoner with thc figurc scenc tending to spread off the shoulder and round or-r to the bclly of the vase Ir89]. upright . Typc 8 are 'mugs'..tt' .r'i. .....r.. .. and its carronical lorm after 5oo-h"t o"" which commonly appears i'r""i[.l* ..t'.rili. dr* u"ed'lre rd) ""'a.-..iot rnd Pvthon mak' Clralcidising i. copics ofthe Panathenaic shapc ft5t.r...x..n"rr.i of th" p....r. .1u l.r..r.iigt t w"lls (deriricd from Aspccialtypc(B) red ftgurc in 309]) Izo5' ii. 188. The sixth-century shouldered type has a surprisingly long though tenuous existcnce to at lc."a flrifi" i"a figun 'hrpc whi'h mry rl'o be stcnrles' "1".nd . ii rt .l.frrp"a toolcr with hpour l:6r l Dott(rv \hJpr I' Troln thr 520 \ lo lbout 460' v'' r.Chapter Five SHAPES AND DATES b 08 ...i'""" o. r*o ctse imitations vertical' one horizontal . Typc z [zr]. ilr" r".

cc. Thc spherical aryballos is still madc fz8z.o . Phintias madc and signcd some cockle-shcll aryballoi.'ir."rrv Mcgaklci na. 270 ..rrving. j771.'r^.rf th" Siphnian Trc:rury rt DeJphi' Lrrrdc.r\*or'ryl('d.1. .6.. Figure vases.rlwry' tlru put'ibrlity rhrt orlrr'r oi' rsi.I Oil.'"ii"f." Dates The relativc chronology of Archaic red 6gurc dcpends on the clcar stylistic dcvclopment which can be traced. andiorns arc no rrorc closely .i.L Gl)l+l'l dr.d r'rrr ororrptcd rhc filling.rr ly ArrLluIidc' l''rrnLir' I hc pudrrrrurrt'rl "rrll'tL r' oi tlre 'f the i:.. and rhyta. rlru c. end rhc warnings given about tl-rc chronoiogy of black figurc vases in .rrji.r u'rrblislr't].. A.r-t. which tnay t..rrnicr vr5r shows thrcc hcrms. and odd sphinx stand Ir o.clcbralc' thc capture ofEion in 476/475 ]l (i' Thcse comPlcthan confirm thc Posited dating' rnent rerhcr lr-) Vascs detcd b\ lheu corlluxl wlth other objccts for which a chronology [.. Athens was sacked by thc Pcrsians in 48o and 479.'h.."r'ra i. Votivc plaqucs arc still madc.1. ij"iui".. but thel arc ruhli\.t lcvel at Erctria nray wcll provc mor' "rg. 53]..t"rrr". For absolutc dating r. .Lttlc before .1...ir1ra.t . from aboul 47o. A I'. basket handle and oblique spout for careful pouring [..r". \1) V.t[o. arc madc from about 5oo on..rr L)..d inlfd.. . hrd bccn d:rtcrble than vascs' c:rrlicr (the Corrnthian series). with concave sides fu75]." i' ."ri.vc can look for thc samc rhrcc typcs of evidencc considered in .."r"... The squat lekythos appears by about Jro but only becomes really populer latc in drc fifth ccntury..... copies ofEastern pouring vases with 6gure additions.'u"giU. or ovcr speculation about how carly some innovations may havc appcarcd. b.. of rbout 5ro. is bcst considcrcd elscwhcrc.*y l'..p iri tlr" evidencc of kalos nllnes we ccinsidc'r (.rn P. Apollo . ABFH fig... decorated funerary shapes.1. jo5l: cf.l. r77.hiDrcr Srx (under Inseriprrolls) and syn-rbolic Lrse of lnyth at thc start of bc thosc set L h rprcr Eighl. wcll reprcsented latcr. and therc is the charming astragal Izo4].". whence its narl-re (not applied to it in antiquity). occasionally with weddings.. Lidded pyxides arc coinrnoncst in thcir Typc A form.-ira'ul^.'-lrJ or.. but thc whole class. [n such a closely studied field doubt may linger only over problems set by thc lcngth of time for which old styles or thc working life of old-fashioucd artists might continue. z4.rr' '... 249. Othcr shdpes. . more fantastic shapcs.. . New arc stemmed plates and dishes. r93 rppJy hcre too... recalling its original stone form.irn in thc 47o's)... ih". oftcn with phallic acccssoric' 1284. Part ofa Late Archaic cup tondo bordcr i:r thc Marathon tumulus (49o) tclls us no more than thxt the new border patterns are established by that date. Thc .. The shape recalls the wineskin with a tied orifice. and thc alabastron 1208.' l'.i"s osrrxcised i1r 4116 B (l (though they might be from a possiblc in s. t. . 2og). uscd in voting for ostracisn Thcir re-use for K1'ophrades tht vrses b1 ot frJHnrunt\ two Fo. prohic cr-rough or wtll cnouqh stlrdled. e*"rilple.j]).. from the 48o's on..^ri". often white ground.'"s wcll as furthcr study of ostraka from Athcns potshcrds witlr this purpose is nr"fii.t"rrtif.lphr.1 thc "hvroL'' '"rrrp"ri'on' rr' rritlr '"rlp525' i*" ifr" . There are no cxor('. with shallow (Shape r) or deep (Shapc z) body.. . usually in the form of human or animal heads with lips dccorated in rcd figurc.."a ngut" pt.td do no more than confirm thc susPc'to(l .ly Ptr"r rrr .rs rhere. irr Th" . Ritual shapcs.l. Representations on vrses suggest the cxistence of other.r'.. . or powder box (Type D) with slip-over lid. So a stylistic scqucncc may nor bc an absolute orrc but it is ncrrly so.ot. howcver Ir8.flasts.r. etc.l"riratatio. A lcrv early lekythoi have the tapering or swelling profilc ol lrtc black figurc but latcr:r11 arc cyJindrical in form [zlo. 211. 52. 294..4BF-FI: (r) Vascs or srylcs dltcd by cvcnts.. The stratifrcxtion ofthe Acropolis dcbris is confused and confusing' althottgh *rc concentration of Arch:tic vascs should cnd about 479' ln the Agor:r clcercr drlo.. date"blc..u. no funerary plaques in red figure.re I' rro joy Ircrc 'in'i thirr i' r]o (nrrl'lrrpor'rr] .o..4BFH p. The lebes gamikos will become important again only later in red figure but the loutrophoros is decorated ofterr after Joo wirh funeral sccncs [l4r] or fights. is 'Pjonccr'' Tlrc drapcry Archalc lttcst thc of lolds looscr thc hrs p ir .. ..rt'.c ^"d 'o rT tl'r ltt'e bccn p'rrrrr':d' rnd brokcn' tr"i". ofits date rhc apparenr bi i.r6].. The plairr cylindrical (Type B) and Nikosthenic 197] (early) are also seen. lh.t. "'r.c'. ..J].The askos is new.rr'dbstylr'ti'cornl'"ri''r''uirh''rh'roble't'rortvlrrlt .rf. rcinforccd by criteria ofshape and ornamcnt.. as tr rcfincincnt of thc Corinthian shape (in usc on 14. .il\ Jllribulcd lo lhc:r ycrrs Jre Totrnd. cvcn within the work of a single artisr..r.ia"r'c.-.f'orrrc Pir' end well' whilc'Pur'tan \ack ciulrrr\ dangcr of thcre is-serious pottery. ..i1ue.

has..ru.. Oltos' long allegiarrce to Mcnlnol] rnight sccnr to call into qr-ristion tlic short perioJ in rvhich we assr-mlc 1I youth rcuraincd popularly k.nd )rl. or ailirmatives (karta. by Herakles'.. with or without the proper nalnes.i.e. . rarely whirc or incised.. bur still fcw arc chronologically usefui l mclltion sornc of oncs.*fl"r. fhurc rr.cnr. Megaklcs . .*h. and mcrcrnrile grelliti far fer...rrchrrc pL'rrod ncw inspir-rtion rs drlwn lrom rnajor painting. "ltlrougl. Thc red figurc artist was as arbitrary rs thc bleck 6gure artist had bcen in his use of them. bn a contcrnPorary vasc showin!5 Memnon's duel hc is callccl 'k:rlos'..vcr than il1 lhe latcr sixth ccr-rtury. Ptonccr vese close to Euphronios 'Thcre it is. ts9. r.liipi.rr.r.1.on vicrirrr. sro jto.. 213 .ri.llr brt. a'"or"" ot. Marry pcrsist in rcd figr. .rc.. Tir" nf li. bul I uhrtc hcing r-rsrd ro rrdiclrc qrcyrrg heir. rnanagcd by posc and gest. such as werc seeD occa\ioD- Chapter Six GENERAL DECORATION .i.. canonisltion aud can be rakcn as hlllraiks ofthe Arch:ric " r"d fig.. Frontal and thc rarc threc_qu"rraa fia". . losr thcir colour a:rd thcrl can only bc traccd by carching thc ." .'rr*r".1.. .z.Ionic forms end spcllings i..r. was I contemporary of Themistoklcs (born rbout 524) and plausibly kalos about 5ro-5oo.or" .b.q i.. Nil. Kiss Paintcr.centaurs lss. its various phases for instance thc frontal_with_profi)c 1egs.. lr..:::1":1 . His son Glaukon. penod (overcd in tlI. f"gr. Euthynrides.zor.l Chaplcrs Elcvcn to ThirtecD irr .lnscriptions Inscriptions are paintcd rn recl. )/..rroi. but we havc luore rcd figurc llxlne\ th:rll black figurc arrd a fair ranqc of pottcr siljDatulcs Nonsense inscriptions rrc rarer :rftcr rhe carly 6fth cclltury Gencral captions.. both n"rr.4 BFII covcl iluch thtt is relcv]nt xlSo to an y discnssion of the dccoration of red v.hc p.rc Thr nrorc posus dcsigrr. l)t'firrrri. ^. hr recl 6gurc florc cal] be plausibly idenrified witlr Athcni'rrrs othcrwisc kr-rorvn.r sienificanr latcr dcvclopmcnt of 6gures and sccncs.rlrstie qcstrLrer ot rr-d figurc mean that we hivc ofter) to trtrD to .1.l ..lir-rr.. a swallow'.1q.r srrikinq cffccton thc errangenrcnt ofstock scencs rnd pronrorcs.i.:rncl rhe Pionecrs'vascs arc solnctil'ncs quitc noiry' r"iiti".jr.iri.c.'rlr .11r1. thc Mtrrthon "bo. "rr.*ri. Lericr shapcs arc norv uninformative.rf r erc r..roa a_r"t Conventions Iconographic coltvclttions weac ncver morc stcreotyped in Crcck art than in Athcnia.iyJ" i.rrrd po. naichi)' The significance and thc dating value of the kalos namcs wls discussed irr ABFip.r _. ..tr.rttct-d-ry uxlLncn(e oI rhc fhrrfrc or our nore thcarrical coDtelDporilries lbr c-\plxnation.r ins conrmald of io. 5r.fr"* mouths arc mo. buol. so the idce wxs fanliliar. was kalos tbout 47j-46j The (Epit._. it's licspoke inscriptioirs.. are rlot found.2.r. h..i"..i ni.spring aheady'. .i Aii". losins thcir Arr:hric slaDting forms..rlly in black 6gure.ir hv lr.. Colmer Painter).h rrrrproued. :-..:. t t:.:.lncl poscr Lrur t)ot yct prup-rrcd to forcgo thc paftcrn coDvcDtiolts ofhis l. l.l L.'10r. ofpoirrrnls our difll. however: 'Look.h rup(tition r\(. but lcgends issuing frorn the figurcs' D) rcli ll. but Oltos nriy bc dclibcrltcly rcxctirls aqrirrsl thc usual prtctice and praising thc hero Mcrnnon...(.". Elcusis Paintcr. it sectls. rro.a!.3r-.lrcr) l:5.rfrairg _fi:ILuc chapters of this volurne I shall avoid nru.i .csh...'ri..l l. lrra.r. otr the bltck backgrotrrrtl' fhey h:. .tscs.t.Lnd irr rfr. Thc best are oftcn silent ..pi. rr-.:d to ." lor grorcrqucs likc.xhibit Sror. Tbelia Peinter-. tlvouritc of sonre biack figurc xrtists arld the PioDecrs (Euphronios. Kalos inscriptions praising thc beauty of contcnporary youths r(:m'rirl popular."to9 is probabJy not the tyranl bur husbrnd of his niccc..rc oft." ofthe typc fanriliar to us ftorrr rnodem prirrting (ofcapitals) become incrcasingly conrnron ralth the filth ccnlury end the lcltcrs square up morc.2--1...on.h. and was himsclf ostracised in 486 Miltiedcs..qltrC.. popul".rlos..d..r. :. t th... brt . as for dcdications.lullccl surfacc rn rcflectcd light. numbcr of newiy rnastercd poses rhrrn"elv.'ontr u\ud ntore ollcn ro inr rrc rhc \tc\\cr \ \)ltpilhy [ygr I o.-ui " offers. chrngcs or innovxrions.rbout thcir ide"ntity. Proto-Panaitian and Oncsiuros.il.s ecquii..n black figure. thc more interesting..rs lr5l or hclmcred lre.. Facial cxpression remlins iimitcd n_r. slain at Troy and markcd out ls handsonr('by thc po"r.r ir.--rr.tiri ror rr1\.r jyadl.. rhc poorcst vocifcrous..r" ".r. . 'Yes. and his brotlrcr Stesagoras nust havc been boru before iio lnd wcre a littlc old to bc praiscd il carly red figurc (Plsces and near the Seking Peintcr respcctivcly). tlr" noi considerccl (Phintias.rro. Conversations "r.co.rt victor..'"*". naurinq thcir Pxinter-xdnlircrs in brrckets' Lcagros..te'r. bom rbout Hipparchos 49o and a gcneral in 44r/44o. pip. ft *itt UJ.t rt ncw tcchniquc is the frecdom ofcorrrposition which ir " This "..jlrru I ret(r ro thu Ar. are almost urkrrown. Euthyrnides) l-rad a nlost probably your5ler sislcr born.. or rr'1.rrvtlr.rer)(e\.11..

d. oltcn col)tbinccl in a fricze u.r l'rr tlr(r-('rb l r r-l rrr rk' thc:" cxplicir sccllcs l lrc ltere eucl cock lr:rd eppc.lr1Ll b! rhc handlcs I sptny acclulrcs after and' knob Joo' ill.. rarcly rcd 6qLrrr [-26].rc Lrl I)enerhcnaic fornr.rlcd 1l.. rcd figlrrc nrxnncr'. or in thc filih ccnturv sct lt) obliquc p:rirs.i""" lro^'rl... rcviving in thc sccond quartcr rvhcn tlrc laurel rvrcerh. sptcc hihlrg or lrs ollrclls Otr rhc r'r'holc' thc best rrrvrh\'rlrL\ .u8] rnd bcing illspcctcd at rhc JJi N..crs circLrmscribccl arlcl scpirttc or in scrolls. about:rnd et'ter.'.....ir-.. Norc holv sonrc rrircaDdcr p:ltfenrs cilll bc'rcad'in a reservirg.i:.il .'.The liorr rcuullrly A Thc occasional black iclopts the crouchiltq. xs \vc hrvc seerl.". rnd. fightirril r*rr" gif.."i t-... Pcts arc prorrrirlcnt.*."rtcrrs' .lc.". rvith srt:rll heacl end brisrlinq lnarlc.nd conlbcd [z.r....vith various palrnctk.. ere tLscd ibr rim :rnd border pattcrlls ol thc firrcr vascs. Rays at the bescs of thc l:ugcr virscs bcconlc vcry r:rrc irr tlrc fililr soLrrce cerltLrry.Frou thc slrre sphinxcs' . lotus typc is rttachcd to p:llnlcftc .. Animals and Monsters irnlJs virtual)y ccrse to sclvc ls rnajor clcnrcrrts ofclcco:. Thc dolphins riddcn orr l-r6l nli\ rcfLr -to .. thc flou...''".r ' lr 8rl rs scrolls.r" b"i.i.. tlr" l1lo11stlo!1s arrd colrle thc rnaclnclcrs rvhich incltrdc parrcnt sqLurrcs uscd to trordcr c[rp r()n(l()s xlld irs basc lincs from about joo on.iia' 1. t.a ilr.rrt ofthc tifth ccnturv exccpr or) shepcs morc cornrnonll.r1"."'i. r colnnlorl rim pattcrrl in latcr red fieurc.rr..ll .:.9]... Tlrc squat lotus wes derived from Eest Grcck florrls in thc fbrm rvitlr uhich Attic bl:rck figr-uc plintcrs hlc{ tlso cxpcrimcntecl.: f.""wi. vcrv dilicrcDt Ii-onr the crc:lturcs of uniru:rl friczc black figure. ""a *"i"t L. Wc nrey singlc out the 6ne bleck crows orl rlrilny shiclcls." .. usuallv xnirr:ll.i cxotic' "-*pr'. i f r. notablv on lips or necks of sotlc colutln cr..'..r. f<rr b:rsc lincs or lips.lrI. '''.g fi)xcs r."" fr"".siil.-.fr...ili.rssociltcd rvith thc old techriquc such s arrrphor. joo. On fcr..rlr1 of It \]'r'lrt''' llr' ''"'rr lztcl 'rr'l 'l'r'I'l tluvr" '.r. Special sccrc-s with aninrals include scvcral rvith horscs bcing groorncd . with sclu:rt springy scpals and. l.:rsc .'. Shicld blazor:rs..r still on shepcs witlr e strong black fiqurc plst.. With thc sccold qulrtcr ofthc filih ccutury thcre ls ir I cvcl sion to thc oldcr lotLrs ty1'rc with strlight stiffpcrals.['18-il sltlllrcsts ttt t1t'wn .. Rccl figure prlrnette friczcs..l!lrltlal dokiln. ..l' ".lr'."f.lJ'tlilt ]\litttt 17 t1 2r4 .. or rvith their n):lstcrs [z. Clcncrally this orrlarncDt {jcts rnorc sparsc in tht' early fii_th cclltlrry.. r.i.lckytiros...ation irr red fiqurc. rcd fiqurc vascs iuc thc llorlls of mlrch irnportlncc in thc dcsign.Lul.:'.loD!i ccntre leaf r. but therc arc sonrc with florals orly. 1373] but thcrc rrc Lr"i"t" 'ock l)oss rtc "t'i"t" coursing..l'. lcavc's filling.rll Iorn frrour es ldcpcnLlcl)t nrotifs' but cqrs cerly sotnc of l6z' 9i]' *. and isoletcd anirnals mav be stetionccl bcnerth hendlcs on othcr shlpcs. bcgins to:trakc:r rcguler appclrlncc."f i"1 Lrt'll'ls':rrl ''r' 'll''JiorLrr rrrrel \\rllr'' rr\aru .''i. '".. or irr orles or grolrpcd b. sonru DrLrrlrtlcry' . "'''n1 " ''''t1 'n'"'"'t' ol E'rtr Grc'k 'rrr 'rr'd u irr."rr.:. ancl rvhich had beeu uscd sporaclically in Arhcnier bJ:rck figtrrc (Antinrenes Paintcr). Thc ollly orhcr inlportant lcd fieule pertt-rn is thc ovolo of sl-rort torlgucs. llncl good lions..ld d.'i"r i.-lr."" "' rnimll strrdiestlvins brlcls....o a ne\{."m" loses hjs-Archrrc forchead thc oncc t'd figure' rccl earlv on riddcn i' still 'o'k .v tnany cup handlcs..atcr-s.r rorrllrr IUror \\'rlr nr h'r"r'' Tlr( ' h. beconinq lcss conrnolr rvith thc st..ith pxlnrctcs ilr thc olcl nrtnncr.ers end thcy hclp dcfirc hancls. Fro[r about S].r.". lckvrhoi or colunrr crrtcrs.ro xncl qrrllrns r't. bottom in-eir... Not all painrers usc thcsc llo\\.'.u rlPrrr'rrr" .ga crlcptlolrrl. norebly thc ( iroup of rhc Floral Nolens.lt.=.rr rrr"".'. hydria or slalrnos has :r snrell enintll clcvicc wirh or witltout llorals.r.__r Florals and Ornament Late bl:rck figurc floruls and othcr bortlcr prttcrns appeel still on early rcd frgurc.cls' witir wor'rer" whilc urrlr I rrrr"rrr'i '.1 L't 'l't"' L''" 'lr ' ''" "rru 'irt'r rlr' tenJ'rr'r i' r" "r."u r.' "".a i'itl'""n Therc erc ler fervcr of thc u"'"'l . Silhoucttc animel lriczcs lppc...'rlt. soruc outlinc drrwn on carly viscs...'.'./it. otrc-palv-raised posc. erc elso silhoucttc as e rulc.

:.i.*i... Foreskins arc vcry rarcly wirhdrawn.a lransvcrsc Thc str.hn.:.. ! omcD arc more ciaborately drcsscd now.".utv.jr.i* niii. armiets and bracclcts..rrrd li ltool.l.rrt bc.fr . r.. but not fingcr rrngs. f.^.. $ :rh 'hoLrlder Pr" " ricd 'r''rn't tlr" hest rnd wor end an rigid. rnd thc hair of younger rncn is norc ol'tcil shown cropped in the fifth century.].lio ..".Therc are far nore detaiis ofjcwcllery carrirrgs. f.a.bcJJ rhc t#. but also a Jooscning ofthc o)dcr iconograpbic convcntions.irr.i"tr *fri..butirdrdcnh.oi...r'rrcd Everyday life Evcryday drcss in rcd figure is as it has bccn dcscribcd for black figurc (.'."v th....iag on [3 77] is cxccPrionel Fighting flp.tiP of Doric cntablrtr-rre I z74l Therc rr' !cvu"rl schoolrsccnes .....in* .rrc sLlbjects on vases..f. arc thc usu.uLjicr. even on erecrions.. a3.un..o" .rre.r men's dress.l.t". Tattooing ori lrccks.t'.. i35.r'.r.-l-'-: T1" .... both scxcs show all thcir body hair..11 (f'. A br:r hclps those who lead an acrivc lifi. (h'rrr onr'' virl "r l-liii..think ofHomcr . . and a loving couple arc oncc rhreatencd by a lallp in that quartcr. pointtd croul.'i.l''...ratcri. cxcept under arrr. identify a huntcr [347].i** rt.t *ht'iJy t'pltccs 'orsrlct' rrnrrsuel An " scJcr cor Uoal [36r l' tl'c is i"". Nrkccl. bird cages 15t':2.4BFH pp.oi".'"r"*r"ir-trrr".r" I'Lrt tlrurc 'trrrr r.J t..ign"' 1''o 'rol' 'rnd thr rnr(orrrv 'rr SCENES OF R EA LITY Observatiol oflivc forms rvas ..tn clailtl much credit fir th" wrsc painter's widcr repcrtory sincc a simri-rr frcedom is apparenr ir1 his use of myth...... Noticc thc seals or anulcts ticd on to thc limbs or round the nccLs of nakicl woncn lz7] and (latcr) cl...:il picccs chick lts' s t' tsl' .rrr...1.pr. rl i" .. 5o. .'l [zoo.J . btrt the pcplos bccomcs increasin!!ly cornmon and detrils oftlrc pin or btooch fasteningj ar rhe shoulders.it"J """.s. we pt"u.. .aird I doubt whcther Athcns.328] and r-ding from Iz3a' on thc wall behind The tlilric scr'"1ls zjg]' with figure h:rd bcelr.it'd rr."'. 2EIl...i .inJ. 'cune' '.) 6 '''rr....-C"lry-." *.ornnron .k rirtho'' by bolr wirh hoops [:36] (as lcaf sails r..rr pl5nric' 'r'd l r--l' 6gurc l41l Thc fountain housc'scencs...'.J.i.rllv irr llrc c.r"l.r. is rescrved forThrici'tD wolrlcn nursesorkillingOrpllcrlsl:7:l' frgurc wlcn i1 corrres Rcd 6nurc nxturally prcscnts Dorc problents lhxn black j..r.r".. snakcs..'rt ''ict . may bc shown_ Thc hair may be bound in a clotl-r (sakkos) somctirres with a rail hanging frcc bchind and in early rcd fiqurc the forehead and templc rinelcrs rival those ol' the marble korai..iJ.....J.".i. prtntrt' ttu Thl iri. A rcsuk is thc creation ofncw stock scencs.""tl . . cc. r sl. :". \rry .rildren. ha'ging [38...a4..:.ccl)rllrwtrr(domotdrirwrn$ still sporadic and did not yet lcad to full under_ and rnay havc contributed to frccr usc ofevcryday and ger.:". with hcavy lransversc stripcs for thc lacing rather than thc stiller tongucd vadcty of earlier days or the sofr boots witlr lappets.r...y "tod.p-"ril.r".r". Thcsc are often worn with chlamys (short cloak) and petasos (brimnrcd har) and. ('or\(lcl... Toi. 216 ..Corinrhia'r i.rrh.i-rrrnn .ffi.f .. Intcrcst in the bchaviour of his fcllow rncn and wonten was [o novclty for a Greck artist . oficrr witlr e perk lDd elaborxtc " arei hcllncts aPpcrr' sometitrcs with rclicforn:rnrcnt hrit rrnglcl\ [:E5'z]. onr. we may noricc towards rhc cnd ol' our period the hunter's boots.pecr. .4 *it}r hingcd "rd ii."'i.r.rtu. ffr"r. lt 'rrl' r .'rft(1. Othcrwisc fillets or diadcms arc worn ind occasionally u srnrll loose scarf [294].lr-rr".i. as rn black figt''"' ^ppt"' in-red grouP bathing (Dot nrixcd sh.'*oiLi.somctrrncs lolll )'rrhout a .vtun. ......--------------l'- I Chapter Seven rrlns and lcgs. b. aiir..t* irz+1. :.l"tf. prrr. Bcards and moustachcs rnay be worn.." i" iil"ci 6gr"c' with at the most a tokcn ii dc. ry.Jr". "Lr.op. c. ncw dcmocracv c.l *..t fei"e' *iti' tl't ho'nt or flathers r've sarv ir'r black ". J/ol' esP(crrllv..J...rre slill sonrc but oftc'r lcss sccn arc Iz] .rblurior.i" iigh-crestcd helmcts thc.r:.i. l:ut there is thc odd scenc ofl worraf singeins olfhcr pubic hair.t.a lrvcr 'rnd genur:rllv rru more uorncn btr\\ wrlh brthrrrg rlr'rnt arc llrcr' ..1.li...i.1"-. *:...1.....rl.. I )ccor t-rloi..Lr'".:.. not moustaches alone. ankJets (one leg ouly as a rulc). ""tl'r'c l:o8l I \l\\'rrr r\ . " a skirt ofhcavy greavcs u'hrch rrr"y bt tl'utun wrrb rhcir steld in io.cck lrtl ir)lerc\r ofsccrcshavc A...ii". h. in "0".. p.. zo -tl 'rttd ''re uorrt prddco rr-rh' rrrklc' lF'r''ri'1'r''rcl' t .'..rrc. lcaves as ofa crorvn (compare b... (Atalanta [369] and I:+4)...rrrdingofho.^i....ing somc alc thcre bul li"tao5oo..... sool...f..itii'g i"t't"".'.. J6r]. rr !rt cr t i" 1. i:1"'l'iai"' rvirir rouuclcd rs rddcd the u hrch to precc' ihcck .' lrlo.dard hellrct tyPes are i"li '(:..1'.rrlr lrlr.. 20J-6) brt the ncw tcchnique admits more dctail ofall but suraace pattcrlling (cxcept early).n.g *n"t fzoT' zsj' wrtlr 'Pl'ryrrrg 'rdc' i' J-rugulrr PIcce ot lLrrnrllrrt' L' w''ol " -l5. z4l rnd toy ch'rrrots whrch havcor nrherdorrr'\trc "f rrr8l: lnd lherc rre qrrl' orr '**''t* [1::l Ar'hir'icur' |ii. over bare arms.rber notcd h^ve .:. J.. with rwo spears. lz58l l. The ihrton rs still prefcrred. . or $ith boot\ lr6:l rrrd ''rrrdrl'' but nLrdc 'rrc \l'rw l!' th'' lernale rrr .".Thc Red figure is no less explicit about arrrour thur bleck tlrerc...rhrsh-'rndrrnr-gur''rd'*rnrrrblrck6gurrIzf ." .-ra. t.. "ft..

lrrrrrr'ld lor 'rll-u"rrr. but drcre arc norc scer)es of satyr play.oor1 trntc (cupirrosvnc) rs vcr'\' lnncb ther ofthc rcd fiirurc b1 'r sr'rp( Prl\ h''k"l Li. accompanicd oD thc pipes Ir 27].]. zd5_zl... Thc kopir or rnachaira curlass with curving bladc is rethcr cornnloncr now ItE6l. . j6rl...r.'.r' rlr* Cirl nr'rr rr..'..'^"''t . ... '".tt.'... 13. L.. ur \\llrL'.hrl . ..1 'r'rrr'r'rL'rL''rr'\ "r'r tlr''rr lr'rrr' sit'rrcs... cspccially for horscmcn [26].' of bl'"I l1* rr'd rh' rrr'l z:zl rro\ l2r4 ..r. 2\9 u"ricd sccncs ofscxutl acllvity' rilhough no doLrbt Pr()rnotcd tpt'if'' rlrhutrglr .. as bcforc by pocts.lr."rt.iorr... lhe b\ J r.t1' tz6' orrL. wc scc thc crc'sccrrr-shapcd pelta in thc hlnds of lighr-anucrl troops. Archcrs test thcir arrows by looking along thcnr to sec that thcy lrc straight Ilz].'lrt'r'.' rrt..'J r... g-i.ith lbocl on tl-rcll1 arc solncti1llcs ()lrlittccl lrow but st'e sotrrc l'rtsrrrs ii..rr pl ....:t lor thclr hair.. somctinres widr a liberion pourcd or enrrails inspccted for onr cns It zg..... aithough the popularity of solrc myth sublecrs rrisht llre:rdy owe sonlcthing to dreir trcatntent by playwrights. *itl' sr'tlt frgures lrSr] 1.clr'''r'1 Jrc Jlrrr{ or lo\r-.i.r-t ."t...g cntrv frorrr :. i-i"..."a ltE. i'"i... :rtcn for' suitabic *"' l.'...r*.rly -a'n-g. encl grrl prpcr I Lrsuelly havc trngirt chirons' Yct '.... g.itr.. .1 Entertainment.r. Rcal cavahy is ro be distinguisired fronr thc mountcd hoplitcs lccompanied by squircs.bclieved hcroic..tt. .r.' . with thc soloists standine on a low platform (bcnra)..r.pPortuncly pl.r. i.t thi r.rrrr' l lr' r r'rr' lr l:rkcdncss' .i't :rnd sornctitDcs c:rrl..U..l ""roa".1 rt.'. On a Klcophrai...rrrrrg '. i".rrdcll..rr"..la. i"". f. ltr. It is doubrlul whethcr rhcy had any warlike applic:rriurr in Grcccc at this datc. is thc besic *capon. [zdl]).o' i' pl rlcd bv ' '-'p' lrorrr rh'.. sccncs includc sevcrel rclatcd and lncidcntal . rr rg rrr.rrers. ".r. 2 t q.l.'. worn still with the usual Oriental pattcrncd costlrmc of archcrs and Amazols..tr. or thc clining-roon1 (andron) with couchcs. and we shxll rctum to rhis subject. but in these carly ye:us of rhc history of the rheetre rrr (lrcccc it is hardcr to idenrily stage scencs or playcrs.. .r'tlrc t. . fr^t. prcstlrrxbly clexning theln in preparation thc fcist.'*' .rlri 'p'n"'ng '.1rrr.". ''.i rival ir irl the histo'y ofarl' .r. rJt.'di.. end who An"k. Jo'.rcl1 Thc symposion drinking party rcccivcs its classic expression in Archaic rcd figure. Thc cornrnoncst warrior sccnes rernaiD lhc lrming [d6.. *..b"11.rrr...'.rrrrq ''rrit't'' lr-"r.. fr'rtrt.a z7z..'. thc Iouien poct u'ho canle to Athens ill about 5zo lor fislrionablc rcmairlcd which pcrforrnancc this drag . "p'ir rrc rr-r'rL'il ...''p 'l ge'rtrre l38 ro5l' brrt dirrctilrr lh( dlc{..'tt ...lls of small rcctangular roo1l1s. likc srvett bards Nakcd boys frll tlrcir I rrl 'r..r d "'''-' l'L'rlorlrl(J I rr''ilrly Ilr(r br lrrtlrcrloil 2Jrl . rb(tut l20 'i'.rt or pcriod of Grcek art.f. o1lc occasiorally sccn eud on fzgo] sirrcc thcy are set alorrg thc w.B'r 'rrd .rl 'r I llil('l " "''d fl''ol.r.Hc. Trumpcts are blown.. Thc thrcc-lcgged sidc 2r8 't"'po'"'"slllrne 'ltou't rtr'' t' rro i'ller rt'ord "l rrr'rt' tltc lov'r rrr 'rrr\ llt''ru o... ctc.. 661... <l1) which c..er. There are a fcw rcd fieure additions to thc black fisurc sccncs of parltorrime.l. . zgTl Aids rney bc..1i...rle 'rot rrcglcct..8] cf. firv to ftrtrrlorrrtnt'i lst'2 .. dirhyremb or draltrari( choruscs on lxtcr vascs [J-r-]1."g"ra"a ls r:flelllillittc ir Athcns Alekrcon's poctic vic\\'oithc "..o". Izz:] lirr of by Persiaus [30-i.'.l ].n p'r'rtiorr' l'r'ii rhc All . ..The satyr play undoubtcdly attr:rcts thc rrrlsr since inritation of his favouritc humanoid is rrvolvcd. 't'-i.1381. rvorn ir Athcns as fashionablc or appropriatc ridine gcar.'. pipcs aud eirls. r-noving frorn house to housc with cups... zd]. iil . "' ihi' rtrobats bt ir-Provrded nrtl'L'' f""" toast. f"ii.. ..g l'ltrsols.".t".1.......'1" * itL ilr.t.77.'l"i'. ivith v:rts or cr.r.l. t t.!'. and the Thracien fox-skin cap (eJopckis) or its equivalcnt ir clapplcd hide IzzEi.rid.rt..ru''..' [.d lr"Sl uJriont tll"r' rro\\ ...clothcs hengirrg iiotrr es c:rrlier...g. t h. Do donbt for dcdication ljjt.rr""y ". lr.r'l rppun'lror''l'') lro8' ("r rrrutrrlrPri'(' lh( tid' po'l''r uirlr r\ 1.. Fewer ch:rriots appcer.'l :...rr P'rr(rc' \u(1r irr ' '' "n.. IJcsides thc usuel fiqhting scenes therc arc somc ol' rvarriors crouching in arnbush [r67]. besidcs rhe usual straight sword.ii tr-. 'rrrd irr thc fifth crntury trkt r" tlrick trl crrps' t.vi. likc thc dolphin ridcrs [5E].. and a conch 193].onrpJrricd bc mry rnd pc'"'d . '.i. ztril...'. we trblcs r. tr"r'" Lr".r..t Pro6siollil cntcrtaillnlent. .rr1... In conremporilry hop)itc practicc thc thrusting spcur. ll. up for summons [66].r-rJi n ton rr. 15.i... evcn saryrs l3i....'o. r l. "-. are shor..J..t l r'ri. svnlpositrn. Morc werrior clanccs (pyrrhic) :rre sho\\u rl lcd figulc. fi1'"' o.a f. 36olThc Thr:rcian pattcrrrcd cloak (zcira) is secn..'.ur hang lyres.. Other soft caps rrc tlrc lrielr-cro$ ned or pointed Scythian Ilz. rr..' PrP(\ ' k norrr ..rii.ccd hrr othtr pr'rL^p''rs':r'rndhnrp't'r''l'lrr:l ilr" ..1 o. anglcd down ftrr testing l4J]. some Arlazons. baskets. bending thcrn across thcir rhiehs.z righr......ti. b . varied and usurll) supPliud by thc prr ty-5oun wh(' plxy' loo | ''r rr hrle r rdrrr.'i...".-.p'rt'....'.'. r r l.vn as irr black 6gurc [.'. th*rrrt'i l:18 'lo '."t.. 17. Long hair has ro bc rolled up oD a krlifc or sword to tuck into a hcimet (cf. ri.t ... ctc..rttcr M'rr'rrlr"rr' 'rc'l ''rr'hr-frru' ' thcy "''it s.. t.1.....' . public and private Rccitals. l'''ru rr'r' 8l' llrup'rnr''r'd' r)"t\hrrr wlrle nltl(h too dcscribing lllc cxcrerory or ll:lLlseotrs rcllef'r b'rtl1 scekr 'rfrtl yoLrths 'I r.""t v"s...j n.rr rlr(' cutr'hr' "" "'"'""' (lr'' .fr..i". f rr. -."-t...'i 'i.o'.'n.. "'-rn.n which is worrr Aplrt t'ionr thc hoplitc shicld and its Boeoriln variaut lz..r. c-\ccpt irl myth sccncs. but also a morc closely fitring vcrsion.J.^. *f"t iiidc or rrotllirl!4."^Ja'"'. and rhe type with a looser crorr. LPP( rr i11 \ur11( onc holds a iyre orr. r4i wrr tllr"'peci''l prclr r(rr'1 ol"ot"t"'t'" ^iv"'tage' ofdrc sta'...d' r.1 ."'l. Not only Alllxzons nlay carry a battle axc ft 29. l ine'L'rr' r.'.l.l end thc departurc fronr homc [45].ecl Lvc{ia but coLrld onlv i.i.i"i.. but thc cutting oflocks is also sccn. Pcrsians f36ol.Thc sctting m:ry bc outdoor. pipc cascs. korrll. and sontc string their bows.

cc for a vinous fcstivrl involving rrecnad impcrsonation by dancing priestcsscs [.r"11 voti".3231 is a delicatc sclf-corlPlirllcnt by thc artist.n [2r9]. pouriug inro and fronl e phialc or cup. or_ kept 1rr baskets []26.. spongc ancl strigil (f<rr scraping down) is rcgular equiplnclrt sccn hanging 15r. rs also hauging by iir" ir'r. Thc thick oil is bcing shaken our into the hand on 14 zq. u.o]. j64' cf' jjol.rlo.thc hoplitodrornollZg. which havc to 6nd rhcir way. Sornc arc Commerce and industry sccncs sho\\' art]sls poltcrs alld p'ilrtcrs . or sornc lxtcr Pcrfunliers on pclikai Thc (()Lrrltrvsrclc is m. satyrs I73]) and won-rcn (squatting on the uptrrncdjar). Thc athletcs are nekcrl but nay wcal excrcisc caps [227. Thcrc arc no t1lore inporratlt ship sccncs' i.i ]efi.rrr rrnporraltt soLn'ce of inspiration for the Greek artist who was beconrirrq incrclsinsly awarc ofthc possibilitics ofreprescnting the physiology ofsubtlc balrncc end lnovenlcnt in painring and sculptLrrc. Thc picks (sometirlcs only ouc-prorrged) shown in sonle sccncs uc for loosening thc ground for thc. hi..blcts: [2-]Jl cl [-707]. Thcv appe:rr hendlcd by womcr. wood [71].62. :rnd so uscd [7r]: othcrs arc largcr and may be c".rrc oflcn ofhigh mcril atrd show Athcrra [52]. by rvomen . t.lcr this hcad show a rnlrkcdly rnetropolitarr and altistic intercst' r port rthcr narro\\. Traincrs carry long stal1i or cancs Jt.r n)Jr'\ \ orlJ.rc scc . Honro_ sexual activity is cxclusively male and hctcroscxually sucking is rriorc ir. On. 2301. Modcl phalloi arc oftcn showil. but an in6nitcly src:rtcr va. ancl thcre are . Some men practisc infibulation. The knob is oftcn decorared with an cye. cvenr in which the athlete is assisted by hand wcights ^r.."d fig.tl. and somcrilrle\ an altar. protection or to discouragc the ciisti:rctior ol an crcction [24. and aPparently winc tasting' A spc:ciai act is the cltrail inspcction as a warrior departs Irz9 r].r] or tripod [215.. Religion 'Ihc commonest scencs erc extrenlcly simplc rvith just onc or two lncn or Worship ar hcrms is sholvu fairly oftcr-r. S the wall lz33].'[2621.:."rlr]" 1r641.v morc elxllorite sccnes ofprocession to an altar. r'vith masks. *. nasturbation is shown.[34o] mcf.icty ofposcs are chosen for dcpiction in any onc cvenr or act. zjj.. clresscd pillar mey bc thc. z6ol or bcing. The pankrltion (:rll-in wrcstiing) is shown witlr '['hc nakcdness of yourhs cxcrcising at the pxlaisrra couid wcll havc becn . iz6z]. rn...lr. with sacrificial animals and tl'rc distillctive openrvork baskcts bcing carricd [zi l] The ekars conrmonly have volutc tops. zjo.rfthi. 971. S'l+l (and rccall Paris' whcn .jl.. sculPt('r \ irr t. It would be casie. zSS]. to belicv(.rt to tllc ki]n..rdcd bird I r 7fl wc are taken into thc rcalm ofpsycholoey rxther rha.il. oflibttion. wirh a few yokels ridiDg a goal [/60] or ram' rlr. for errivlls ancl departurcs. suclr irs throwing thc discus.2].sirnplc dildos. ifthcy wcrc cvcr in thc hands of othcr than naked womcn or satyrs.u. Thcv rtlxy 1lrakc Dores or lccord wins on t.z.r'" .ii"d by *orrr".r.o. Thc rangc ol sporrs shown on vases rcnains thc slme as in thc sixth ccntury.lro. 22C) rrowing popuJarity ofraccs for anncd men . z4r]nd cl [jo]. xnd rcflc'Liorr Ihc rnosr iufbrnative workshoP ofhcr ftnlctioll xs Erqal1c. Thc cvcnt was introduccd at Olympia in 5zo and seems Irot to appear rrry carlicr on Athenian vascs.. that thcse objccts wcrc being uscd for somc religious. olten bcside lltars and evcn by gods' Funeral plaqucs are not tnadc in red 6gurc atd prorhcsis (the leyrng out of thc bodyj is iccn only on sonc ritual loutrophoroi I r 4 r ]' Votive plaqucs in .uD1y rHuorcd. gods. Mal(.:Irnrolrrcrs! thr:sc cspecialiy with hclnrc'is l8t. thc rl'hccl Ir or l. cven x two-ctdcd onc [99].r. cven croric sccnes Ir6].e plequcs I-ringirlg in thc frcld :rs from a trcc 1278."pi to bcirotcd ul.l rncn ftshing l"g. tting up rhc forcskin with a cord for modesry.1n".p still. myrh. 2621.er: then thc rcpertor-v in bl:rck figurc' sorrrc dctailnrg ofholds. cven as shicld blazons.. flockion Ida beforc the Judgcmcnt [3ro]) For an occxsional vintagc sccnc we tunl to salyrs. ridden by a satyr. (heltcres) [85. rnyth..r"rry r. ind the rcgttler rcd marks ar the sides arc thoughr to be wipin gs t'iom thc bloocl of victinrs : x lz 4 5 z. and sometimcs Llsc rhelD.rrcy: Ir rz.rcar' .. j6g]_ The oil bottlc. long jump lzzz. and the splendidly irrclevant praisc ofa handsomc youth.r. 1ror.. Of ptrticular evcnts in rcd 6gure wc may pick our tbr.carried by r child attendant [rSS.312].l r].k. We sce far lcs ofih" rcliil tr:rde no wcighing sccnes now xnd only onc or two butchcrs in ear)y rcd ftgure..rl. c:upclltcrs lrz4 cf' tgzl. datc arc few found only on and nc:rr the Acropolis' They .]. 286].. urd cithcr parrncr rnay wicld a slipper to arld piqu. Athlcte figurcs on vases or irr nrar blc fron-r now on scrve as dcrnonstrations ofthis new skill.. Thc chariot marri:rgc proccssions ofblack figurc disap. The Grcek wiirc amphor:r with its narrow cylindrical ncck and pointcd toc is an uncxpcctcd aid [o.."pi. mctalsnriths Ir ol' cf' r 711 or Ittovin!! with brushcs. 264. j j o! bt tlyth scencs we sce o.t is '()okcd on a spit oier'thc altxr where thc boncs and far burn aud a libatiot is porrrcd' Therc arc a fcr. o.r-"1 cult statuc [135. Thc Prcscnce of Atllclla ru sornc of . th" service of nyth (Odysscus and the Sirens)' ln sencral the scencs "".el'br Prn ltls. rs other objects (ship.". With the phalkrs_ hc.. fcrtility purpose. Athlctes providc thc largesr sir-rgle class ofcveryclay lili' sccncs in Archaic rcd figurc. (and more prot:rbly so than potters ol thc Clpltti hydria [323])-. A mask of Dionysos on a ".r ordcr lhirn Iiclrrrg [9o]. t hr' i.rs. and oncc cvcn female I I I z ]..". Note thc i[scribcd injunction onlz97]to. lcgitimatc and otherwise [26...el. both men (at lcast.itl.

t Archaic i' L'Lrt ".'*:li ..."."... Srppho end Aicecus [z6r] wcrc Jons crroush dead (over fil'ty yeius) and wcll cnough honoured to qualify (and see .'. j6ol as ChaPter Eight thcir elt. nlost fully known to us lrom othcr sources' A1r hlsrotjcal .".....r. but thcir cfcct rs nrrr.''Jr'.a...ft.'. ilspiring thc choice or ncw scencs' notxble ncw or olcl.^"."r"-o* rht day' or t-vcntt-of on colllrlliJllt ro ifr" ttr*"la or allusivc usc of nlylh wrs lIHer'rklcs drlect to brrd renlrrrl ofrrlyrll promotjon a"f..Werrraysuspcctnrorc l1lore litcratc For thc 6rst timc it bcconcs .'.r* Sr.. Oroesus' defeat aDd thc story ofhis cscape from the pyre (546 tc) had already rcceded into r-nyth history [17-t].'..r.--l H istorical figures as quick ro put Pcrsians fighting Circcks on thcir vascs Acschylus was to put Pcrsi:rns on thc stxqc aficr rhc PersrJl Wars. xt lcast et this datc.ra Auschvlus h-tcr' 'r fiit:..rintcrs rvcrc 1279.rl....but it is eavcr to rccogDl\c lhc inflr'rcnee of thc-uovtl lhcmes of arlist too. both p-u1r1.r.i "r" "rri coursc tht utterly p1a. Thc dcld of Mlrlthotr u. Hcphaisros.at"l.. joj..rlri srrvr plays t*. lruitdingi als'r plryed thcit. "....nt "f rn'rn) stori's or crrtt r r'rttonic'rl orrr irt itr...... possiblc to idc|tify accuratcly in e'rlicr poets' i"r-.-"-.:m in The vasc p..]rrrr."ii f..i.1"' deit-ics ."tyrt.t.-"t temaiu beardccl cx(ePl ArLilles arrd' i...d l.. Thc naming ofcontrnrporrrres rn \ynlposrr \n'-r\ n.-r'ofi".rr'""..ii.re hcrocs vouthlul' bcxrdlcss' i.h y thc 'lrarlsvcstitc' ligurcs arc Anakrc-ontic rathcr !h:ln Anlkrcon hirrsclf(scc rbovc).".r(crrr...rg Thc nerration of mYth orr ceutury' fifth early ilr" i"..L iionographic trcw Many story a jn of morc telling of intcrcsts tl-re .il.4BFH fig." ...t"il..flii.ing the account tn ABFH ChaPtcr Thirtcen hunrrni"c soon . irll ".."f ..:il"irphir1xcs thu\e ycars' c. '.r..nl .k "..."t tu air".Lrr rr i' still po"iblc lu Prcscnt thc hrrrrilrrr sctrrc' from f'r are we so Eveu dciail . "fpfy-g iik. SCEN ES OF MYTH lhe s'rlnc new Thc sccncs of nlyth on early rcd figrrrr v'rscr rlc 'rffclrcd bv wcrtr thc genre lcchnicltrc rrcw 'r\ conditions and possibilities offercd by thc or brokell' soon are episodes for coovcntions s.t*lr.rrics or rcccnt c'vents had to hivc a hcroic status before Grccks would admir th..i'r ''" p"'''""'d.t irr irrBrrcncing . end Dear con tenl por .tiici in .nd night bc tacitly cquarcd with thc cxccution of Aigisthos..crc trcatcd :ls hcrocs..".rtl tn...'.rin. P:rr.i. .i.rr"il".lt pr. i.rturally exempt from restrictions obscrvcd in rrorc formal scencs or scnior arts.ia". or fathcr-figurcs like Ncrcus arrd Priem.kc full usc ofallusive ".lorrJl \r.."fri.fcwcr hcto-vcrsus-n-toDstcr rfr". to . 3rr)."iig Gorgons i on" is t"hc rcjection of thc monstro!1s: the detoratrvt or although ducls f. Wlrich is r.ly . "...'liL'.. At Prtroklos' sorllctrn)c\ f'r..i.y ackrlowlcdlied lerliors i at ifi-crcnt ratcs to rlmost all exccpt the ilr. special versiorrs of cPic stori(:\ from I r t'3.-i of the new sccncs or cycles is to bc sought largely in tbc Thc sorttcc ownleacliollstothcnewconditionsoflcredtlrcr'n.j trrrn to bttorc notcd bu lnry trLnds One or trvo geucral iconographlc thal) rithcr d. are -tr"i. dr" Iattcr bclng rl thcir n1o\t vigorons.L.. l..rd .sible of nor forsorten' is nol ...fl" a""clopmcnt of myth in lrl is xs ilnport'nt es it is ill litcrlturc' irtisrs' "pp..'i". 3z5l ti'"' ar'ry '. Thc rnurdcr of Hipparchos (5r4 Lrr) had brought heroisatiou arld the honour of x st:rtuxry group to his slaycrs lr99l .r Troy in thc murxl corlposrtlolls 1l) trew of thc importancc thc ancl th" ittr"rri"r't sragc. nr... L'l1ov'ud' 1.. P"oscidon. i*pp1.rrrrlv w.ir'a .ntaurs and .. in thcir nurnbcr Dow.

lr rrr ..: i:li.r'..s .i ..rer rrcnzicd :J":il: '. [..l(r(lr()s T'h' god rht to 1-ol. Athcnx with Hcraklcs.i-'. i. though it is l lcss colnmol subject than in black figurc Ncrv arc rcpcatcd scencs ofZcus' pursuit of a worlxn and. cttlminating in Kimon's recovcry ofThcscus'bones for Athcus.:...7ri]' "ul'il" 1"'" . '* ". ll. to i'.tcr' thc ll. On thc idcntity offic wolnan AS Aiginall5tl.t. Apolkr r'virh Artcmis.""' " ."r. pJ. "..r.. r.r.1 be Aithra (uho bore hrrn Thcscrts rrr .. r."....) in the rjtual of grccting or dcparturc zozl..1.lrascd. "ft"n wirh his consort gods i.t'.-41' '"'rr. and did anything poliiical or nrilitary popularisc this othcrwisc unirnPortant slory? Spcculation in tiris subjcct is hezrrdous. to ridc hrs srv.cluding thc other wilh somctirnes also' .. olten with hoop and stick and holding a cock (a pct or lovc gift). but sooD to bc shorvD full-grown bcside hcr sire...i....p"i.i. ' i'r."j. But is it Aigina on thc earlier vascs.. -i. 1..rrtrr'rllr th' ltr"'t popul'rr'qod(lc's. i' nr''ir11 errF rsud 'rrpPortrrrs hcr"" ''r "r' i. .'lr b'v the Brvgos Pai.rt b..p.tt.....il..:i.rck-d llrcrr rrrrrtl-cr lcrolr/'rl Oi' ''ri" '*' qrrl\ l'rrlrL.. in civic tasks . iliti. L..rtr..J..P..ir"riiy r'-jrv .r extcnsio.rlirrcs hi..-i.:..' t .'.". and accordingly thc Athenians hotourcd llorcas and built hinl a rernple lt has been suggcstcd that this provokcd the ncw intcrcst in scencs showing Orcithyia.."..'iii 'i Arrodlcr ::.'t"t"'l" A Lov-'idi']s ^ s*"n l36El o]l sonrcc'trlv . ." i'" il.ii..."a'o tcscucdbvhilnfror.*. and he is scc.rrlr /rt1" l' '' r" '1" 1 u'rrrqerl rrrpod lur r)r\Jnrrnc\ 'r'r'r'lrs r"'* I l'r' lrrlL {1r'lt.i. .rr"-. Aftcr Marathon thcrc is a grcxt sPlte of Nike figurcs on vases rvhich surcly alludc to thc victory: nol dirccdy becausc thi' contcxl is vcry rarely nri)itary rarhcr than rcligious.'""rsio..ur... whosc island iistinguishcd itsclf at Salan-rls ill 48o.." ii'.rr ro {u'rrd llc'rrrc:' figrrrt' bl''ck in lre''d' 't ".. a"r'tt"o.....i ih"i...' Irtrt rritlrout tc\t Jlltllorlr)'' l'ol Ill\ \'rt\l\ blrck rls.i.'U"..td.:X':.t orrt'.thc hcro ofPeisistretan Athcns.r.lli i. ' 'Znr.'l* *h. 'lh.. At Artemisiunl in 413o thc Persi:rn flect was scatterec{ and dcGatcd by the North Wind. to O)vurpus Htphat'n" ..ott ".:.c Birth o-l'Athoa fully arurcd fronr his head is still for long titatttt "!t Ht't 'rrrd r..i". as it had been rwclvc years carlicr offAthos.:.'r i..irr.'.".rr" '*i"it r-...rrr chrrrol' rllos..t. It should bc remarked that thc lppxrcnt popultrity of sonrc srorics in red figurc only aftcr about Joo nlust il1 part bc duc to thc restricted Productron urd shapcs irr rcd figure bcfore th:rt darc."t.trr' r'tlrc :.i. etc. rnusicel.l.L'rroira with chc Zcus bull [r+z] is particularly popular in tbc..'"'v r"" ["i'"" ro us rronr Euripides Bdcft'7' lrl' r' r lllr. ". but ?hctir is also.vith Iris or Nike....I -r'. often in quict grouPs with othcr shown in thc oldcr scheme.a...I l]\i\ Iro\r r'rth('r h'rr rrio is sho.tr...r'-hrl'rlrt' AIill\A l'n.. ti"* Pinth"'s t'v his mothc'r and l.. Fron about 'l7o on th' l'rrirrttr rirrt: lrrrrr 'r r. scc abovc.t .'r..'' ''r"/'' edull i.j.'.'io.. '4riymorr' .1. as [55.tinti..."t"ty'^t"tntt'''r"inorwell'w:rsthcllseduccdbyhinrand hcr o..11 Anr' r(l]l''lll\ 'r llL'l)enllly hcr ''tg.a'lM'rkror^h'rr"shi.g upo' Hc is co.nposio...'cl roles'-har still ' 'ir*rt"r. wbo wts.l.first quartcr of thc 6fth ccnturY. sullcring defeat in 459."1'v' zo5':l r"l fi. cspecially eftcr 5oo.a u'it t'u"'nt"""g baskcr fz5rl.. r]....''.rrr' rrr rck trr'rrrr u.r lyre Ioo l' l-'. with his slstc:' l'hc llcrlrrr lr Hi'rill " 'r. Ir'' p'1' thc pur'''lry oi n rl rlrcrc \\r\ Jrlv c:rllolllc lr...'i piot*"g6 Hrrrklcr lrlo -rd6].pL'.-l. -"tr"lly aD^rr. it ticities.t' .t.g r:-l' Arr"' 0j l'r' rh( 'o\\ l/ fi . of Cattyutdc ['So.q Diorrt..ill The Gods In rccl 6gure. Othcrwis! hc irr lri' l'orF' \usF(\r I \'rI\r phv lr. irill-*a ith c. t.-.r'r' ''hilocrrri'd :l..if.o.honvrtrntt\ 'cct-t'chasi"g r. who prcfcrrcd the bclo thc otlcr sidc or'rlr(' i:i.J ... .f"."' ii:Hl..'...* i.]i". shown as a youth.ot...'"y ^fhirqrorw)orAmpbrtritc.r1 irrg .... thc OlyrrPiilns lre sccll lllorc oftcrl xl independint studics or involved in stories Pcculiar to thcnl rathcr thalr to any prot6g6.. Poscidon.rr."'". ^bducti. Urtr. vases othcr women he pursucs arc ir. l.'.vith the diminutivc and precocious figurc crncrgenl [-i5J]..cscortinq or cltcrtrrrrirlq h"t 225 .. so wc rn'v doubt whcthcr of satvric bch. lr9j.1.monl'v \vith Ariedrre' but hc.r"a ff*"U*'l. Particularly conunon arc libation scencs whcrc dcilies alonc pour 'from a phiale. "..) rrloe:lrs ls erlolhcr wt)rl1'rlliscl [)ut h( is lll(xl corrlrrr'rrlli rlr"rrrr rr trkcr for Hyakitttios' Apollo's firvouritc' r"J [-.. ty..[o. '"11. thc litdr cerrttrrl' br'rt he is once Hpptrarstos' ianrcncss is not cmphrsisc'l by a'-i* ['rzol' proLr'rbty orrc of hrs orvtt trtrrvcllous .r Jllli" irtn rrtd l\ 'rtrr''l((11 rgJrrr' .r. :s9].^*.t)r' Wu 1t''1' 11'1qd Ier I'rrrh t' '.. a logic:rl *g"*r thil as r'i.r''' 'rrL1e' t rc'ervcd ror 'ii.."::.tll Attic princcss The artisls who Borc".li'"v a far comtttolcr figure now..Zf] ffi' pro'c\\rorlil Rcntrtt.". or arc scrvcd by othcrs (Zeus r.ceds dwclii..r.J..r..i""i. as on thc Part]rcnon.rtle.arlr llrll (...r' r' rrl r l)(ru n.j"n"d'.. Thesctts with various girls) rhat wc should bc cautiJus in attributing spccial imPortance ro Borcas.ft'a"'''t*afrshiclentifyhinr[59]'whilcbodr atlcnd thcm mav holcl fish ." lorlgs or x "'*"'r"J welrs short working drcss [r. end so grearcr attcrltion to her function in other contesrs. -Jnd-crrri(\ irr"".i. but was thc barlc of Athcns bcfcrre and aftcr.91..ii.. athlctic or vaguc. Zeus.. "t bv H.... as arr whonr hc girl chased by Zcus on vases is sonrclinres identificd as Aigina. but military succcss may havc prornotcd a l1ew intcrcst ilr her cult ar-rd spccial association with Athcnt.".crslon ".1.ous Ir1 sceles u hcre othcrs take thc lcadi..g introduced thc sr-encs :uc so obscssed by othcr scencs of pursr-rit (Eos with hcr youlrg mcn.. thcrr Thcscus is ofthc new dcrtrocracy This is dcnronstratcd clearly enough on vxscs and clscwhcre..: ..trr. J""ttr' gt l''r11 1''1 .''i. a lnatch xvertcd sincc hcr son was fatcd to be stronger then his fathcr.

ralhcr. Tllcir action togethcr.cnc' rnr olve his childhood. and possibly reflcct stige thclncs.2 i3 ] or iuccnsc brrrncr I r. . ancl wine the open bcsidc i". which ollit intcresti:rg srudies of thc artists' dcvcloping vicws or d1e physiognomy end anatomy of Africans.emaits . Bur thcrc arc scvcrltl rrcr'" . r o].k"blc'i. but clullc of[cn accollpanicd by his daughtcrs.'crr.298] ancl witir.. To win his bridc l)cilnira Hcrakles fought thc rivcr god '4drrltros Oltos the is unique iu showirrg hin with a fishy body [5a].Lnd hcr iitircrl. f7l. cat rying a lyre or harc.r. wifi thc llall. is thc corllltcrpart to Hcrnlcs and may carrv a hcrald's ceduccus. howcver. bur .olc as Hcraklcs' patrol naturally renreins iluportent lt hrtl been so long beforc aDd outsidc Athens. Only latcr is thc hunrer's transfbrnlxtiol) inlo x stag indicetcd plinlirivc firrm ls ller llorv.i]. -rJo]. -. rnd holding :rn xphlastol) (ship's stcrn) to celebratc :r victory. H erakles Thc hcro rvho dollirlriccl thc nlYtll rcpcl lory of Arhcnitl bleck hgruc hrd e rcduccd rolc oD thc hlcr vascs.4rl/'rior wholl-l Euphtonios givcs rcalistically bxrbarixD fe:rtures [2J].ris follower-s rt thc.rEl or wreeth lr6r]. dcmocracy's hcro.n o I popularily j ust through our pcriod but uot latcr' thcsc it irr susraincd lvc sl-rould pcrhaps look fo. tcrs with rhc 1. fighting il. hc is not much shor. u. Aluloorrt [55.. Thc rcst arc virtually ignorcd.-ri r rrrore cxplicit or novcl detail 1t87.r l.v after the P'rrr'lr Wrrs when Atlrcna scems to bc'coll1c rcspccted nlore lor hct orvn sake godclcss than for hc'r patrorrtrrc' ofhcrocs scttirlgs recirllirt{-: hcr role es goddess of thc Panadrcnlla errd its garncs [307].+9.3o9].2] cnjoys no spccial sccncs LrLrl makcs a good show rr rhc (Hirncros lnd Judgcnrcnt of Paris [.. and hc servcs irr nryrir fzg4.ol cvcn Triton witlr lttic f.bol. sacriicc Herakles.r irrrolrirrg rlrr lr.-r. Thc dciivcry of the lJoar to tcrrilicd Eurystheus l'19].pxrly drc with 6ght prul. presunrably Salauris or Artclnisiuln 1249.onversxtiorl.lcd lro.rrd her chughtcr carrv lorchcs or cars of corD aicl wcilr lorv crow:rs. bur olicn sinrply xttcuds Zc[s or pours libations for him [zoz]' Shc is readily confuscd rvith Nikc cxccpt wherc tllc larlcr is clcarly cclcbr. onc or two trivial tclvcrrrures. thc' rcrlovel of Krr0rro-. Sorne appear also il1 contelnporxry ct:ntdu.o.io].'. In thc fifth ccntury his body ancl limbs arc tntinly humer.. Ilus. distinguished by sccptrc and crorvn.". wrth Slecp (Hypno$ pcrchcd sons [2.rvith Nikc. The ricu H.zl.to discovo thc routc wcst. falls frotr by hcr. [26."r" oilr"a*ir" lllonslrous. tbllot s rhe schcrncs establisircd in bhck figurc. 172]l.peiirl . Various f. ihc wrestling with Ncrca.rtlng victory rvith phialc. in lclion. -rdq. Thc e ucour. arc nor wholly lbrgottcrr.tllll) bovinc.. Thcscus.rnd cr r"nt svn. is Borr'/ Co/dcn in his l'7ool' taincd in subsidiary cpisoclcs. olten by an alter [. xttcnclilg thc r'vorkshops ofhcr tl. bLLt thcy r-lsuall..ll-goat..i.t is shou. J 08. We scc Herakles rr.:ors lS.. but despite thc favour hc lbund in Athcns aftcr his ]rclp:rl Maredrorr.li . our period.i. and thc best ofthc 6ghts with thc Egyprian I{iug Brrslri-r 175.. handcd over by Earth (Gc). thc Athenian hcro .. cithcr in counci] on OJynrpus or obscrvirig thc birth ofArhcne.-. Ettos. and in lhc pcriod whcrr tlrt stil1-flouriihing black 6gurc arrd thc ncw red 6gurc ovcrl:rp. or at rrlost his thundcrbolr. rerely.nc specill symbolism whic-h ycers. wiih thc Hydm l196l.v appclr on1-v ro dispatch Triptolcmos rtr his nlissr'rrr to bring lgricultnrc to ctrth Ir54. thc frght witlr'Ccryn. tbc Kcr&opcs b:tggcd Iaz. Shc is morc thc archer-huntress rvingccl Cloddess ofAninrels is 11ot cntirely lorgortcn lzrzlPaN started es . wlth libarions. Poseidon's islarrd missilc rrav bc trickcd out '"vith eppropriatc wild lile.s9].Lctors arc rcsponsiblc for thrt grolinq lvcrsion f_ronr thc ntonslrotts.rkle' t... hut who of Nrs_ro_t slayilg xs does thc sccDc. ancl the visit to the /{'ry(/idc-r and Atlls. The quarrcl with.4na.riervcniug Zcus withoul but now in.4pollo ovcr thc tripod [4o i' 91] ancl has l ren. frolu Hedes [16]. bc'conres suddculv studies I i 73. jj6l md l. Bnt ]IIis ltttrcdttctioll nt ifit had sorrc understandably favour. Hephlistos now hurls his burniug coals et thc foc. . "nd fbster-child. lhc ddnking. J66l. t ttory' hc|o r' part ofthc pr"prlcrv it' d.iot I l ' thrortghotrt appcel tlrclr nruch of retaio .r". rricd to rapc thc girl Irzi]. . lyrc l3.rc birth of llrldrtftotitts lj-29. Thc cotnplerrrcnlary disputc over the dccr is still rrrc' Arhena's . so that it is ollly in clrrlicst r't tl fillure thilt thc black figurc lnood is maiurainccl.s. Somc intcresr.rc Ci art-s.rot all of the other popullr black 6gurc episodcs recur with thc sxlllc forrnula: thc match with thc giant . and l)ionysos'vinc is sccn treppil)!! a gi'rrrr lzSo.. 3r 6]. ovcr lhc ty:arlrs' hcro.sn. thc fishy Tritolr has disappeared). At t ltr'tts supcrviscs the kilJing of Aktaion bv his dogs by l.vn in the first l-rllf of thc 6t1h ccntury li35.. thc ptour'''ssivi ertists arc qtticter tn t"k" . t96. and there arc cxarrplcs wid-r as much or morc expllcit dctail nr'rirrthan bcfore.. Son-re b.rsually porvcred bv rvingccl snakes. Thcy aPPeirr oftcn togcthcr' Ilr ()lynpus 15o z) . carrl irrg a tripod or hydria p zc. oftcn with provided by the Sin.:].g.2. Dtirrrrln :.. espccially by chariot.rkc the lalronic Labours first. sptr.J:.s. 95]. 28o."itli KyArros l6j] Hr:raklcs tnd Arcs. or pursuing a boy .a.ingcd. or a nlultipJicity oF Erotcs usually in singlc rhc populer frolrr 49o's.r. t o t o1l W c r:. Thus. thc attack orr thc slecping giarrt '4l&yorrcrr-t upon him. thc rcsuliant pithos.it . His rvhcclcd throne is nor'v r. hgUt .altar-whcrc thcy i.'ro ro cllrurl rin tl\. lfr" rcccption olKing Errrllos ancl slaying ofhis perfidious bclweclr ir.-. iisrl. with'Ncrcus wholly human now (one cxception) eud cxhibiting only slight nutlrliolls. The lest tppc'ars onl.glrt witl.ity Thc vulncrebility of Hcrl aud lris to thc sul>hunran has bccn nolcd abovc' [-{nt. 204.l]' Thc gods sit or stx[d tosethcl often still. .n in varjous Olytnpi:rn gathcrings. in black figurc Hcpheistos is hc:rtirrg thc coals and L)iotllsor is :rssistcd only by animals.rp thc nc$' trcnds. the lrrivel ofDionysos. others Ir84]).. a qrowillg prcfcrencc for thc tlcw 226 .r 1156l.

xn(l lccciviirg a crown fionl AfiPhitrilt'[22-i].4r'iarlar on Nixos [2691 is occasiorraJly showrl.\ cr) L\ ll. as in black ligurc. ancl pcrhaps thc lovc intcrcst iio..nn nraclc folk r.!. syDrbolisru and rcliqior) rs cortlplicltcd.rt". iu tbc ibot racc shc sct hcr suitors.i l.!l For Mcdct's rcluvc'''rri"n spells.oftcn with Dionysos than hitherro.rr1c i. At thc erld ofour pc'riod arxl lrrer thc'rc'tre somc scenci ofhim thrcetcnillg a woll1all.. Thc rrvo hcroes' rclationship in nryth.arpcntcr orte or two othcr vcrsioDs of the scclc rvith the chcst. vesc pii.rrrrr rl rn iirr. a11cl llrter its Tl-rcr" ". :rnd nlorc i. ci [70]' On thc r'vay to -( r' t' capturirrg thcnr.. Except with the bull hc docs not usuelly cnjoy Athcna's support (an rntcrcsring omission). which sooD splxng up to catapulr eld rend thcir Thescr-rs' :rdvcrrtr-rrcs Tl-r"i. Thcseus lor onc ofrhc Dioskouroi?)' I"herc erc rn.-. othcr scencs she is oltcn showrr. and whcrc thcy appcar robbing hirn of his anrrs rvhile hc slccps wc nlay suspect a satyr play thenlcThc Herakles of rccl 6gure is lcss iltcrcstins thu he hacl bccn ir thc sixth ccnrurv. or Hcrakles is ak>nc with satyrs.r.. Thc hcro is usrally iislttiy dresscc{ in shorr chiron or r. and sitrcc thc Hcrakles story sccnts to havc becD rsccl by I'L't.. :+d) l>trt the hcro's eirlicr lili is now xttcndcd to The i'riptnJ.thc clilf to a tortoise/rurtle waiting ro eet therrr bclow.. Thcscus cuts hirn down to size.76] end satyrs oftcir :rttcnd . Oivcn thc opporturlirics thar rnyth provided ir nray irc siEnificanr rlt:rt no confrontarions nrc adrnittcd in thesc yceri. which in thc tcxt' is 'L .l ilr.r-\ -rcllur. Frort PL.::.r". Shc htd elso bcc'n at thc Ol)ydonian bolr hLlnt.voqrrnl . panrs 'nd On Douris' lckythos alonc oihcr l369l thrce. is kiJled [zE7]... Hc clobbers or. nor hostilc.rrrrriv.L..r'l u il) w rl) 51. Hcra while he wls still it his credlc li55l. Hc rcatcd prcdicrabiy badly ro school and killed his rnusic tcachcr 1_lros with his lyrc [:96]. Thescus. r. 228 cup ls illr Jasor disgorgcd by a scrpcrrr bcfbrc Athcne on thc l)oLrris nnlanonical ipisicle lrorl1 thc Ar!lorlaut story lz8.. Thescus topplcs hin l9o.J scrlt by thc cvcr Llnfriendl).rry or p..r rivel. visitcd by Zcui goldc'r r''in and hc ar1cl others havc thc chcst bcing preparccl for hcr voyagc witir parrphcrnalia . hJ bccn challenlrcd to Provc thtt Poscidorr rvas his fathcr.s sl. Ski. turtlc_ Irro&ru-slts loppcd or stretchcd his victims to fit his beds. Krrtlor ofElcusis. appcers ea:-ly. Thcre may elso bc the rcturrr to Alhens' Thcseus hed oncc carricd off Htln lj4.is shown latc bhck tlqrrrc. wcxriDq a petasos travcliilg hat."b). rvill nevcr metch his pnl. Thcscns clcals rvith hirn in like wty It rJ. loot basin.. corlrcs to tcrrns rvith pulry Gcres (Old Agc) ltS:l and destroys thc vir)cyrrd Ir 95] cx homc 13631 ofSy/r. bur not llw:rys lll Shc is shorvn naiccl but for art cxcrcisc cxp. (Thc Syleus scenes all fall bet'a.n1 Crcte thc abenJonrllent of thc slccping . rn cvcllt al thc flmcral galllcs of Pcli:rs' e br-a. cvctr with an indicetion ofher itnrninctlt discovcry by l)ionysos (Eros alrcl thc virrc).vho cusronrarily c. ltr pliy aDd lrt.rirtlit (.ofl (with borv drill) watchcd by King Akrisio-s Ir9'z]' i.rctirlrcs illustrating scvcrxl cpisodcs.. benl to thc grotDd.s by ^. his mothcr. is thcir associetion agail prescnrcd.clili. :rrrcl :rficr ioo rvc firld versioDs of his d!'sccnt to the ocern-bccl.hosc major rolc is in thc prclitlinerics to thc Troj:trr cyclc (bcloB)' is sccn wrcstlinq with .cen 49o and 46o_) Af-ter joo hc issccn rnorc -fhe Minotntrr story rcllleins vclv PoP1lh1.r [62]. Wc also lose sight fbr a whilc of l)cllerophorr' Mcclusa or bciug pursuccl by hcr (iorgolt sisters was r11o!t PEnsrus killing -figurc. or clsc is a mistakc (Aithra for auother. Thc occasion is no! il l_ccordcd onc. tl and his seizing of the Amazolr .trly sccrlcs ofhilD chasing unicic[tificd yolulll wo]l]cn. Othcrrvisc lhcy arc shown slcePing toliethcr or he is icd tl-o:n lrer. Thcy are e pallid but clcliberatc irnirarrorr ofHereklcs' Lrbours.. zz1] lnd sonrc scelcs itclude all tltc [. supportcd by Trit"rr' visitinq thc courl of Poscidoll and AnlPhitritc with thcir sca nynlphs.elc u"r". rvirh sir.irros Prinrcr slrows his mothcr Darral.1.'spccirlly thc Minotaur story (fivourcd long bclorc') :rrrd thc llull cpisodc irr Attice itsclll He rlr:ry hevc iired Lretrcr orl wxlls alld i1l vcrsc' Other heroes Prt rus. puts t'bur Labours in onc fricze).o* a rarn bclns boilcd lzool.4tul. Itr black figurc hc./ri()p.rro.club bcarcr') hc ecquircd a club. l'c. Thc Ilcrlin P:rrnter is thc firsr ro shorv hinr wrcsrlinlj wirh rhc rrd. and thc wood axc and bcd may be shown [137. poctry. is wrcstlcd.. br-rr in s()n1c bodics. 28i]. zzj. Herc Athcna may atcrrd On his retum i.rl?t. thcn kickccl thcrn ovcr. but rhis ls rlot a story to illtercst Archaic rcd figurc artistr 'ls it hrd thc bhck figure .c rc. if al1 thc yortths dressccl as Thcscus arc hc- Thc cyclc of scercs dcpicting Thc pronrotion of Thcsclls es thc Athcnian hero sccms lo lllvc l11ct with lirnitcd succcss wilh vase Paintcrs. The Thcscus srorrcs are trctted rlrorc as a cyclc by artiscs then Hcrakies had bccn (although thc Klcophredcs Pairltc. but his rival in thc painter's rcpcrtory. AnJ hrcr rn Articr ThocLrs fights thc Marath otian Bull l z o t l. wlrh thc bcest collilPsiDli ()r bcrng clreggcd lrom the palacc-leby: irrth: l l l B]. 206. Phaia.l-r .esl-i his fc'ct.'9 ti". to claim his hcritagc iu Athcns only lppcar conrmolriy or r. ollcc ll'lncd (by Mekrorl) thc ruscriprion :rs Airhra. r.l)-rlrlcr'. t. Thcy rnay reclinc toecticl [. irr po. thc savage sow of Klonrnryon. alvtkc. jrgl.riphttcs (or Korynctes _ .r'tt. Theseus on thc road fronr Trorzcr. rrcrr rj-. alrhough thcir c:lrccr-s nxy bc comparcd (as on thc Alhcnien Trcasury at Delphi) lrld only l]tcr.'. and therc:Irc scveril studics (the [:g1] hcr swili-footcclllcss is lhe thcrrrc. Sirir-' challcngcd wxyfarers to hoid dorvn:r pinu trcc.vith chlanrys oniy. bcyorrr:l thc cyclc of pscuclo-Labours.. ir i.rnd hr. In Archaic rcd 6gure wc scc t vcry lirv scc[cs of thc popular i11 bleck p.rirrr._xacrcd corv6c fronr p:rsscrs-by.ror.:rses :rfter about j ro and mev bc inspircd by a ncw pocrn. He rcccivcs his baby son Hyllos frorn his wife.r.

. bcconcs quitc r common figurc aftcr 5oa Ir7Z. sonretinlcs with his dog or dogs.3o4. atrcl his rcltrnt tLt Trof is showll. Troilos. as r. hced on hald ancl t:loak over his hcad.v htcr seizing Orcstes hostagc.vr1 thcy arc for Achillcs. and so is his son.tds Hrlu arvay 1308.ck 6grrr.vinds should be. Afrcr 53o black figure can stlll dcvotc as rner)y sc.lz] (on the suggestccl synrbolism scc thc stxrt of this chaptcr).4rlrillr's* is brought to Chiron for cducation [-s61. 11) so aar es rr)y prcfcrcrlccs arc sho\.. vcrsatile as cver.-Y dernonslration of powct on1y. Ajax.t. He is usuelly winged.r.chos r.. as a pendent to rhis. Thc rveapols rre usuxlly domestic spirs. rnd dispatchcs hitn to thc fielcl of battlc B'hcrc we sec thc 6ght over his body. Judgcrncnt of Paris. The lavourite pcriod lor thcsc pursuit sccncs is llom the end of the Archaic orr.itlt H. lvith brirnrned hrr.rn axc [..ing rhe orclcr ofthc cpic cyclc. M.. thc wrath of Achillcs Wc scc tirc girl Brirrir scrving Phoini-x (Achillcs' rtrcntor [za5'r]). His hair is shaggy. somctinlcs with l lyre Irq. Parthcnopaios is narncd on [3. Aja-x carryrrrq Achillcs. Prrii. clutching his lyrc as hc is tonl by Thrlcr.lioilos* with hii sister Polyxcna llgol rcmlins in thc repcrtory. It rcellv sccnrs thet nr this ficld choicc ofsubjcct is lrcirrg fir morc often detcrmitrcd b. On thc Trojan plain Achilles' pursuit of '.re to the l{leophradcs Pairltcr's appxrcllt intcrcst in tlrc 230 prcparing to dcclpitare hinr bcside Apollo's akar lz3zl. but willingly. j5ll.rkr in l:ool). Mencleos with Helen.r.250]) end Elektra. tr:.v the Clreeks mistekcnly ettackcd rlrc kingdom of Tclrplo-r. is sccr rnorc oflcrr orr later red fisure l7oi.rl +io'.1].1. shorvn Kvpru. rocks. OIDTPUS.Ou thcir wey to Tro. brl 1l is ftr from cleer that Acschylus irrspircd tl-ic paintcrs rathcr than cpic' Achillcs tcnds a wound of his cotnpenion Patroklos [50.is is :r sumnrery of thc scencs shown in Archtlc rcd f-tgrrrc. Aeucas (witl-r Athr:na cucourlgirrg arrd Aphrodite rescurng Ii86]) rnd Achillcs r'. btrt the bhck ftgure rotal is due largcly to thc continrlillg popularity of a vcry fcw oltl favourilcs Pcleus and Thetis. 3. ir Trov we scc Ajax I. a handsomc city boy for whonl shc nc!lotiatccl immortelity but not ctcrnxl youth. bLlt a sword nry bc uscd.4IJFH pp 228 J I I hrvc aslcriskcd (*) those srbjccts whosc iconography is in esscnce dcrivcd fron thc tarlicr black 6gure tradition. hand upolr lvrist. Ajax r'. but thc l'l/tdtliu.rista! T/rcri-. Hector* followcd by the PLrr\rLir 2jr . but lhc w'irrrrg in rrrbu. Thc r/rild. is nor.i. fbllou.0. .rqrrt of dcjcction.orrr ttg eppcars in scerlcs u'ith Briscis led away. ()rrntus. conlrontirlg thc sphin-\ or1 rock or column. ol [:6z.. chlemys end tlvo spcars. lcd auay frorn Achillcs by thc heraicls lz7ol. somctirrcs latcr frosted rnd spiky. cspccielly in the 6rst clurrtcr oftlr( 6fth century rvhcn thcrc is solncthing of a boorn in besic Trojan sccncs.h. onl. i' rtow t'. es a briclc (hand on rl'risr) rathcr thiul viclrm.. or Tithonos {3791. This is a p: cltr':lc trr litcrar-v iDtcrcsls oflatcl gcllcr:rtiols ofpaintcrs. it scetns. The Trojan Cycle Conlparative study ofthc popular sccncs tiorn thc Trojan cycle in black ficur'. Tirerc is far molc artcition in thc early fifrh century to ePisodcs imrrrcdittcly conncctcd wirh the pocm's thenc. Borras ANI) OnEITFTyIA lppear first at thc end ofour periocl f34t.. The figurc of Arhillas r. r].whilc rr rlunlber ofother sccncs erc following thc lced ofred 6gure. ald.r. holding a corsclct.l) womcrr.r.q ts a foot proccssioll with the briclc sonletinlcs lcd itl thc ritrtal nranncr. ancl thc rccorcl of tLc formcr is rlis proporliorlatcly dr.Prlla-r bcfore his daughtcrs. Eos (l)arvn).ul. 11o lorrger . Hector* [30.zl. Thcsc includc Odysscus' sr:etcd clasping his kncc or standing. in thc Mjssiolr aDd orr lxtcr is dclivercd ar-rd he is rnournitlg Petroklos ahnost u"r". z7q. scetcd. Diomcdes r.:1. On thc othcr henrl rcd figurc morc than doublcs the nutrber ofsubjccts choscn. Only thc Dokimasia Paintcr. Tlte rrurder of Arcrslnos by Orcstcs. as iu Acscl-rylus but not Horncr. Acueas (ovcr Patroklos).o poprrLr in bl.' and rcd figurc is rcvcalir-rg.u l1. alrd t sicklc to cut ofl'his hcrd. Thcrc arc somc'1l1i11or pursuit scc'ncs to sct llcsidc thc Olynrpiur. The king is woutrdcd by Achillcs rnd r. A fcw scencs of about 5oo and just afterwards show the arning of thc SEvEN AcAINsr THLBtrs.v knorvlcdgc of x tcxt. dclivcrcd to Agamerlrrrolr' The Mitri'rn ltr Athitks 166.^ncs to it as docs rccl figurc clown to thc nrid 6frh ccntury. especially from thc Iliad and llioupcrsis.ti\* l. and forJason's 0rthcr Acson (given hr' son'r n-urrc bv ntist. TheJrid.cl. bcftrre the appcasing herocs.. pnr-sues eirher I(cphalos [zo3]. with Klytaiornestra (rushilg forrvard r. rvho is gcncrally sho\\rr as a huntcr (rarely es l schoolboy). norma)ly also rvingccl. plus thc nurnber of motc clonrcstic cpisodes shown by thc lhygos Paintcr and his Circlc.t. young Zrplryros pursuing thc yor-rth Hyakinthos or flying with him in his rrnrs (but thcsc idcntificrtions alc lcss ccrtain).. Prlrus t)tcsll(s'l'h. Polyphcutos .Ltc hno. Thc spcll is cast for . old Phoinix and (on vxses but rlol irr llonrcr) I)iomedcs.l].ri. Aphrodite oftcn with ettclldant Eros or Erotcs' 'Parl-r ir'. as in . Thc youths solnctimcs prcscnt wcrc his auclicrrcc. but is rarc. lnore opcrl to in6ucDcc iorrr rhe sta!lc than cpic. Thcrc is usually :r ch:rriot (for Arnplriareos) arrrl conrnron fi'aturcs arc rhc artcnti(nl paicl to hair. \)fhar fbllor. u.d in a ncar-Acschylcal tnanucr already pocm. *ir.ve scc hirn seeking rcfugc at Agxlllcl-n1ron's court in Argos lr78].vitl: . Achillcs is silent. also shorvs lhc nrurdcr of Agamcmnou lz7q.rith tlr" rustic setting on Mourrt lda tnorc clcarly indiclted and thc goddcsscs differcnriatcd.il shows thc hcro dclectcd. ^rrnour lrcrlcric studics of thc tragic bcro.i] to idcntify the gtoup.ri i. Aeneas and Anchiscs. has the victim seatcd.pl. end lhcrc is nlorc dclail of Achillcs drauging thc boy liorn his horsc by his hair :rnd discusscd.rl.grncnt o-l'Poris* [3r o] has thc hero now as a youth. Achillcs' arrnins ot rcerrting by Thctis in thc i33z] is to longet an irnportanr thclnc but there arc scvcral sccnes dut']s the Of ne\v irrnour' tl-rc rccciving u.

Shc is sirown sonrctitnc'i with . with his farhcr and with Achillcs. I)ionysos.tr.i"-* . his Paintcr-shor'vs Thc Brygos delight.i" wcdding oftheir l. is a f:rr lcss populer thcnrc now.rn in his outlandish rright-patrol gear [276]." xlixinst thc centau's nlay havc hclpcd cnsrrrc rhe Thcseus'help .iorred by rhc cunlrurs' unruly lehaviour at thc wcdding xt thc rlisrurb. irr.c-p.. is lcd captivc Gixlrts if the against war thc for prep-aring wcrc r ol I 66.".. lcadius lter a\\'ay. Hector strctchccl rtlilLrd.rc Thcy providc *usic play Thcy contpaniorrs macnad their wlth a"lr.". arc thc lnost crlgrging rllventions oICircck art' irnt"i"a r.Priatt*. ro bc Grecks' Odysscui and Diorrrcclci ...rrdirr'.u l..r'. Thcscus' mothcr rvho had gonc Helcn's slavc'.t.g " t nai.rg1c ot 'rrrnr. ancl Ncrcicls rvith fish [56.j.t r:rrb 't..LsLonrl ? r/totr-r. *it1.otlpairions. $irlr thc plqrrriu' r\ (rrry rrrcrr Ilru ltryro'Prrrrl'r lrr' 'torr( trP \r''ypl"" trurrdlL' rcrlr.. *ryt.ih.r *l fr-"..ry hoplrrc' l13l or tn E''r'rr.ray l.. and wingcd S/rr2 attrl Dlatlr carryirg ewiy the body of Sarpedon [zz].iatJ di.'.t. 6r. xlone or i)^i"".tle..y.-." f'rr rlr(' Ouvsslv.j ere cxtrcrnely p.ai* as :rrc accordcd (othir ir-r rccl figure aftcr-thc Persieu sleughrcre-d bclicving thern. and that bclwccn Achilla and Mtmtioa* rct-ttlins ilnportallt or. [48.tl '4rrrlisrr* child Aianios lr j5..r'. Ajax a p"ite.d . Thc grouping of scvcrll cpisodcs on onc vasc to providc a penoranra of tlre Sack is a noveJty. Thc P-slrlro-'la-rla* of the Jivcs of Achillcs and Mcmnon Ir34] rcmains tnorc popular tiran thc lliad's wcighiug for Achillcs rrinor pcrsonificatiolls.rt"f"ffy thc only .l' tnc Cr' . (u\\ Jr. sltr." ..r. lnd irnprovcd rxlher lhan altcrcd in rcd figurc: thc oftcl with his dcrtrh o-l. r.vho fights b:rck with. bcforc Athcna.' l9l.o Troy "t .fr" laoot.. -r'r5]' no-t occupicd earlicr in favourcd bccn h:rd and riarrs pv.ck dow..4/t/rra lt j5. thc with rrsrrtl4g Atnta: Athette statuc of et tlic Lcsser Ajrx lt15. whcre they ma1 be sccondcd by their divine Dlothcrs and is shor'vrr Mcrnnou.d wllll (rc\\('nl pclr'r'hrtltl'' t.y.lLrn rlurri. sonle llovcl... lxter' comc suitors and thc Pcnclopc Ir84].o/lr..[zz3].ti.) ipp.lc rlsu oci. Most of thc strndlrd scencs of thc Seck of Troy wcre cslilb- W. body rn cvidclce ltj5.rrc .rc. slairr by bccn son.tr. crowned by atlpinik"' l"'rrcr rrr rnd s cLrp orr thr So'i di:'c I irr"r l5o' lru. itr his tnadncss.r]..::-:.ht ..:rr'rdio. .ro1]p.'.h h..'.. with Prlan anJ ittc-nclants bringing gifrs of nrctal vesscls xr)d boxcs for thc rich robes rrcntioued by Holncr for a rlonchalant Achilles...s ir. appear m Archaic rt...''r'h'r' lzot..j'. . hed Neslor's Athcir:r.'rtl.Thc poern is allrost igt''rcd irr Arehrie rcd Ii{trIc r\L'Jft Sirlrr'* rhc PolyPhotos*' frorlr cscaPc thc s."r .t". dcacl."J..(l fiqrrre rrrr 'rrr urrl) brlirrgtr'rl ()llrrrPr'r chrrre ulr.ror-urd thc wrlls.:"). The fight bctwccrr Athillts atd Puthrilm* ts remenbcrcd.l by tlrci. A. brrt thc Otlysscus qtarul lz47l over Achilles' arllrour tlrd arc scquc'1 is.. Alrutorrs aNo LIrrrr ILIAD.] votcs rn fiolr tirc ficJd [z9z]..g n t"'o"' Tl-rerr 6ght" rgrinst Grccks .rnoral ofthc Palladiot frort Troy is anothcr latc cpisodc in thc rvrr Ild5].r'.i". oncc nrmcd Airdrorrrechc. of Cilrci.Y!IDotos' plintirrg at Dclphi."1"-.. io'ii.r"i".lrrrrt pcriod o. .^r.. the rcscuc of..ot.i. old i.d y(l urrlrcr ('rr th( chc'l of Kyp*lo' 'rt disc likc lsis or i.*.4rl.. "'''1c rharr Hcraklus) only beeomc rcally proli6c is shown.r"s of tlc"r f'ghii'g bcsidc l)ionvsos' Morc cnigmrtic. and pprop-.l. i ..l Pcstle Il-ii'Ji.rrc ltqhr-rrrrl. 4 i-lr"i "..or.rrl' l. it'.". t7z).tl.irtg U"ptl"t*os io olympt" attd ass"ulti'lg goddes:es Silcnos' belicvc tobccasier would lt Midas to King ir..ri... A nerv figure is the Trojan wornrtr.. Paiilcr IrJ5l..h.y: ii* I' hs rlr(tll bt. by hcr grarldsotls.n" rdrn I fiurl.pular with as full 't r.l" rrtirur thrn jnvurr6llbtq bertcn irro rhc is shorvn Kdillsx-r thc xncl f"pi.". [43] ^t'f. Eo-r* carries dcad Mcnruon Ajnx urryutg . thrcatclinll her rvith I lishcd in black figurc Ir-roulttsts.r.rt i"irr...il.ir.. ^ r I..j . ..snrics of ngl. as iD Pol. i"p"i"t"v "i. kt M rkr"rr lr'rt P"/y " 'r'r lud lu \-r'r rfi(.-"J -...5. Makron shop's thcm cluarrcliing over it. Irr lh( Lrrrd(r\\urld ignorcd on leter subjects lcrv vascs: :r o..a... fot Acirjlles. The l..fl . rr..rncc ltTo' t96' z68l' lhc tiri*." fo.'1.s81. pltrlrp dtv.Ji.{ [?8..r j ir".2\. *. isolatcd [zr7] or hclping Thcseus by al)v .4drll/t'-r*.l thcir cups (at which thcy have spccial advantagcs [299])' help at the vi"ragc Fot thcir rolc-irr nr y-th wc sce thcln .o h."bjcct in the carly fiftir centtry' but hc is seldom explicitly srvord f3o8.' .. .rt "' '""a thc fight with ccrtaurs will rclnain inrPortant sulrjccls i.i .or'rtr\c turri.r. Matlaos r(orcting HtlL'l1*. "rmccl ". or as thc 'vicillc :tccroupic' of thc I{lcophradc's Pairrtcr.ctl . t.d t-i5Llr'' l)ikc n. occa.r'...'.." ncvcr nlorc cnterlalnSaryr. g.ha.rpp. Archaic red figurc the fight with drc ci"rti. i.r.. Thc same artist rllty also shou'thc rescuc of Antcior who crmc to be rcgxrdcd as a Troj:rn traitor for his cotrciliatory 212 rnd . witlr and thc heroes lcgrsrcrOdysscus'favour ihc Grccks piling thcir pcbble dtad '4fa't..fi"iari"fill"i t".4lari pllying a boxrd grnle [z] is not forgottcn but hrrdly survivcs thc Archeic pcriod. ...or tn rr(. by Ncoptolctros o11 xr) 'ltxr. . ..r.rd ."rr"t of them dcstroying a tomb Ii 69] or chopping up l hernl' 233 .h.rit.. or.rrg covcrccl bv Tckrrrcsst [246].r.. laid on thc fleeccs ofthc rlnrs hc hecl lnd Hector.:..ltrd I ncw story for art.i h"1. end thc 6rst ofthe sccnes rvith )rirn dropprng his srvorcl et sight ofhcr beauly []JEl. Sccncs rvith Other f igules Scvcral out below his couch.k fisrrr.ars with hcr chariot.iod :'c1 on rcd fig. Thc sccnc of '4dti1lr'r arrrl .roiths.'" pur. by thc ol Kaswrdr'r* the rdy 245. Thc drlgrring ofHccror is not a subjcct for rcd figurc bul lhe ransorn is.rrrcl lnlrr'ticr'r rrr r.. Thc KJcophrtdcs Paiutcr shows the exch:tngc ofgifts bet*'ccn Ajax anrl Hctntr ancl possibly rhe excherlgc ofrlmour beni'ccn-l)iomedcs end Ci1:rukos. I)ol. Antilochos. lllost sr-lblly rnaulgcd by thc kl"oplrr"d. dr.Do/on by Odysscus and Dionrcdcs.i. a sroup lrest statcd by thc Brytos l)eiltcr [248]' Othcr episodcs from rhe lljad ere thc atrbush of .'r rvhcel i"x . rh'':rr tunrinirriry r'rrcl" bcrlq rdrrrirrcd' b.z.

ar'. B. the impossibly heady pleasure of discovering or uncovering a maenad asleep lttj. shaggy trunks holding on erect phallos and tail. Beazley. fore and aft [Jr4]. fl D e lti o n lo nal oJ Hellenic Stud. D. D. Many of the new ABBREVIATIONS j6i may be inspired by satyr Plays. enjoying all the apparent pleasures and frecdom ofthe good life They are a more than adequate answer to ihose who bclieve that the Greeks wete obsessed by homosexuality. fiptred Vases in Amerkan A ic Red' Vases M serms (Lgrg\ J. the earliest of whidr with actors jot. Atchaiologike EPheneis Amer i MJBK MonPiot Min henet Jahtb ch hildeflden A]A AK afiJ o rnal oJ At thae o- logy Antike Kufist Atbenische Krnst Monwnefits et Mifioites AM Ann Arch. Arias. Beazley. History of Creek Vase Paintitg (\962) ABV ADelt AE l. The best ofthis comes later in the century bt ov lt6j. holding animals l4o. z7 r. zqg. Beazley. S}refton. The maenads only undress to sleep. i571. At ldr JHS -ar lahfuuth des &iio I figure V ase-Painters (rg 56) eha ogiko o gi s ch e I deusrhen In s ti I ul t det .For hinr th. B. Some perform a winged dance by holding the cufii oftheir loosened chiton sleeves in their hands I136. l- Bo::'drr. Atw Blackio I M. D. with its knob of ivy leaves ltjz. Class. satyr scenes on vases. The maenads with whom they dance wear animal skins over their ordinary clothes (as may any Dionysiac attendant). as athletes [163] or directly or indirectly. but virtually never suffer thc expected fate.z' zoTl ot snakes (and a snake hair band on [zl8]). the touch ofthigh or arm.ies blessed . On the vases only mortals make it with theii women. t74. but not the consummation.. (from about 5ro) seems to be their robbing of Herakles. . Theyire often molested by the satyrs. parody myth. D.. L. The satyrs act out mortal fantasies. iles 6stct- archiiologischen P arulip omena Itlstituts in Wien ARV BABesch Redfirurc V ase-paint?$ (1963) D. D. Iess often.t).4/lic B R. Vase Painlings itt'the Mu'eun oJ Fine Arts.4rai. Hirmer. pursuit is the thing. Mit\eil MWPr ngen Mofuuryet WincLehfiannspt0gfafi?n Anorario della Archeologiu di Atene Archeologia Classica . Beazlev.1. Attic Black' Beazley. Gy+) Athenian Figure Vases a Hand- HCVP jgwed Lekythoi (tY6) E. or wielding the thyrsos wand. Scuola olh lahreshefte reihisthen (r97r) J. 125. which may also be held by Dionysos or. Haspels.z\. in depicting what must be satyr play themes. 3ai]. his satyis. giving them family life 1t77. of involved in new stage role. mortal dreams which always seem to fade before fulfilment They illustrate the timeless frustrations of the male. dressed as satyrs. Cteck in Poland (tgz9) 23+ .with permanent and unquenchable tumescence (they even infibulate on occasions). D. B eazley.4 Revue Arthiologique Rdmische Mitteilungen lletin Antieke Beschavittg BCH Bostotl Bullelin de Cofiesqondance Helltnique RM VAmer J. But our artists often ignore the costume and almost always the masks. A satyr's sexual release is generally self-administered. Boston Caskey and J. affiicted or AA Arthdologi scher An logy z e iger BSA Anxual oJ the bitish Sthool AAA ABFH ABL Athens Annals of Archaeo'Bta& hook at Athens CVA Hesp Cotpus Vasorum Anti' Hespetia P. the excitement ofthe dance.The end ofthe sixth century sees the beginning ofthe satyr play in Athens. from their may derive.

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NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHIES

jor\'h.p,,r,-:{.M'r$, ,,//r \ v. /rrt: K \(h,,r 'hurA. /di y\\i. 1'tll: (.,r1I. on idcnrity), lxrx,9.u tT.; (;. Szihgvi, Bal/. rtu .1LJ. IId(roiJ. xxviii, r l1I. i 8.n., iii, I Ti D. von . JIIIL,.L.1I'I, .\rr. Urr' {\r\. o {.:A Li.'rii{l(ollrc, Mrllrr r97tl2.6otr. (frrgDrcnt, nQr: tlcl P 3i6l l ABI:H to5.
I

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Perers. I1,rd.r. ft.lianpnatot Ptuiianpha@ Jo, Euph(),,i(*i J6, as EUPn(),"(*i better ELrthymidcs)i Panithenrics Akr. i, Do. el (Peters, loc cir.i lltl r8)i PioDcer r.l phquc\

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I Ir d.../t....rlrd I J, r.,.{,\ t,r i /r..a, C M A. lli.hrcr i,rd L. F. Hrtt, /tid r(r,,,i Athulnn h1\$ it ! Mtircpatitn'1 ,Vrrir,rrr ,y' . t,r (rer6). L-l.n!- /.t,ti.,t1 .1., L..rx, r.,./...,.., r,,i../ 8 (ir.e"r',lF lti,n/ D.,.t-,ttt.-.t t.. r_,.,.t-, )lnlt 'h :n )th, n
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A. Richter, ,4J,, xxxviii. j47fl1,

gi(hirho Mtillu{hdLot (t89i), imponant carly study of hands rnd groups: H. Blo.s.h, I'orl,., liti{]w s.hdk (re+o), pionecr stndy oi shapcs; ,4RI,' t9l, classification of cyc
cups; E. Hispels, Aa-'II liv (r9ro) ::r

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aftists)i ,4BirH I()6; S. P. Uggeri,

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M. Robcrtson,JHS l\xxv,99li (lrtc work); HC : ryil: tsorrdmrn, forthcoming. Phcidrppos W. Kmikt. ,4M Iv, ro;tL

W. Krrikcr, J./I xliv, rarlii

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cylindricalstrnds).
For comparisons with Epiktctos takc ,4Rl'_ r5,r, 37 (prol,xl,lv hi, ind,{Rt/ 76, lJ4. Bctter than u$rlis CI,',4 BryD Mawr i, pls. 3. 4; ,4Rl'- r47, r8.

t-,t:.t t ., h,.t, ,/.it 1,,..1 !-.,n r.r. ,,o5r.;ls r .t 1,.,r.J., ul ..\,r)i.h,o'1. 1ror, (Mrjr,.n f.,. ',1' -h. d. ti I,t .1,-,..,. .,r.,. ur prr (1i Jnd \UhicLt. IL Mct4lcr givcs vrlurblc Ltcnniat sLrrnmaric.s of cr!1, r",,.. rrr R-,- rl, Lt,d. {rdt( -,, sin.c r960. ...(. I\i,ar,, , ,'(s ot r'ujj-. r. t.. d. \o,Ld r, .',,.ir...'i t"ijj ,F.r,,lr.o rrr.h {\t rtr .\rr..uor. lv.n Zihe,nl . l-,r 'l', o,. rr',' . u|,', , Llr r. .r. ri. ,t(.qc. . . ,t ,ui ,, \t wl (ir!(l .r *c M lt, o,rr o.,. H.r,.) ., Ciil'l lr, (CaDrbr qc, r)?j). Cr,,l publirhes pi.tl,res ot .,ll d..orrrcd (;.cck
vases

r.,.a.tt1,,", ru . .i t,.,P(. ll ll Y , IrllI,"k,:, ',1 M llr-,,r.i.,ii11r,r./.. t',.r. J.,

,

olpantcr s rnd r:rscs. I give rcicr.nccs to u\eIul d;scusuons or rtlLsLrxrions, !o rc..trr Norks rnd ro $,Ic pirr;.!hr r)on,ts raisc(l

i.-P L \.11,r,1. .\l,u/i,r rlr, rn', rl\ir. irr 1, "-l , rrr,.: .nd D. Ohlv, rvrBK ,'lK viii,
F.

l'. t"I,r.,

1,,

B,/rr,x \r\.

I

Vcrnrc!lc, 34ff xxll. :29fi: (Mlrrich .ratcr u,ith Smikrot)l I). von d,,l',, r, .\I r' V, B /1 \s), r{:J M.r\rrri .

Henrrior

II, TI IE

FIITST GENERATION

AAA vi.

299fi=.

(inrt(,nv)i

Hal t'1) 3-rr

6i

l)

von

!7. Kuikcr,,.l,.l re.lt/24. 16jl1l Apollodorcs M. ohlv l)un1n, ,\,U,'lK \xii, 7fi:
(Elpmikos P.).

P,rdik. Al,b..rrJ.ro P.,.r.'J(' {a/ ror

I'rint.r

a

THL rED rr(:uRri lricHNreu!

Bothmcr. forthconrnlg
1/ aj", r\. ,fl : A. ( ,'(,ri ,'1,. , ,,.J/, L, l. ' \1,r0 r{. Lorl IrCI P rrrt Brrnrrr

Arrbro$os Plnrter

- VAt \

191.

Rclieflxrc - scc B.x,lc,v's dcscnprid,,s m u,)vd, .n.l (- rl Oxn)rd lr,l.r. ( J.V \.,t11... /r.-t- 1,\q,,. .tp.h.,.-,t -4ttl l\ tttt), I tt 5) SrphnirD TrcrsLrrv R. Lulltes inct M. HinDd,

l']r.li,Iurrv skci.h - P [. Corb.rt, /./-1.S lurv. I6fl:-R. D. dc Pumr,,{Jl lx\ii. rjr-; (Mrkor.

(

III, THE LATE ARCHAIC] PAINTERS TrL KrEopHR^r)!s PArNrrn AND rHE lJErLrN
KrEornn^r)r\ P^rNrflt Bozlev, JH.S \xx. r8ll., 1".4,,o'4o

(. H,,ppr.. l'.tt.) , t. .utl ltt 1'tt.'', t1."' :| ,.r:HLi/ 'r"*.,, c1 lJ ,/l('.1H.\ x\r\... l16 ll.
Phintirs Hoppm, op clr., ellI; HCt'P-lr7 I9

EurHYMr)Ls

bv nruscunl. Most s.rirs rcmx;r iD.orrlrlctc

tlir- Mri. llrll. x\iv, Zitl'.rnrn tt 17tr.

Cr..[ .S.i4r,r

(r9r,o) p]s.

4ii-Jj i l). voD Bort,rrLcr. roN roi !. Llnqlotz,

H\pi\ HoppLD. of..ir.. ltiI sr^i.s l.rnttr ( l l l3lrhn I. rl

49. 5o.

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237

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l'IDrr Nl, ,.li (1. M A ttr.hLc, ir Clrdrrl.j (F.\r l'.1.,r/ t:t1,,, I'tr-, A M,,j,..., lr.lt t )t_|. ,ttA.,...1.._.li. I1._ B.y t',.-a tt ,,.'. M W..,.j,r /,,r H.)..,,.\t t._\ )Jl FouNDry l,ArN r r P A tl, . t.ur ,, t . t. I rt Lr Ltr,t ._.tn i. i p Ii..'/l \. L. p,.ni t.t -t _, t,),.,,) 3r;\cis l)riDrcr lt./1tut nol lr,kj l',,.,,r L V rj I t/.. ,,,,,, 11u,,.,,',.. !r. rr r) I'rnrr- oll,rris Gis.nn))Dr.h), I,.l,xr !,{a | 4,....,- ,oo: t/,t'j., ..t{,./t..\. /H\.\. .. .rr.:HLl/,{., r{:tt t,jr.iol,,t. i,, /,.,,. tt..r U'\..\r, r,,-d. .r.,r(,1 rr.,..,. . \4 Ur.-r,(r.
I

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(,e7i) : Ltorrdirxl,.

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V. SIIAPES ANI) I)ATES

,.///.\1.\ -.r /.rirr',. l/.t.. {(,1 ,(:.,r...r, ,1,,,.,,', _ ,1 p U..r.,. ti..,..t .p,",.-;, .,,'11, H.l.llr-. il .rv. ar,l ri .o. ( t.t rk,.r!,. lA''r\. ,d. Nu,.i..\.^..H Uir.,...,.D.., .. ,." r, t(.1!l-...t., -lr rio/.ljr\..r,, |i UrI.,d. /{ . .,. :. aflt r. ,,. r., _, 1;,,, ._ 7, r4r i. M. \ hDrJr, torrh.,,f,rnS ,,n l,;ql
Orr)r ror
!ArN r.!Rs

,t./r ..JH.ir.. _.n ,r,i.r,j .an, tt,. l\,t.t) /,n.,,, M.r,v r,, r.4,. .it,./." .\... I tfl. l( i- 1',rI //.../t,",. / ,.r., ,.. r :M t{,,..,-l

S'r^rr\ (i. M. A.lli.lrtf ,d M J Milrrc, .!rdl,r5 d,, r\i",rJ ,r',.lrr.rrr l ,r.j (rr3i),,r uscfully rlJu*r.rtcd guidc. I V Nolr1., Tlt Ttlhti,ttr'! tlI\tiitttl AtliL I\tt1('t

.,,': l| l l.l."r'.,,, lU {. \r. - '. . lr, .,. ,.. .t.r,r xii, tar bhck shrpcs brr Dost r.1.vrlr LL G.ri.kc, c-,r;i jd,rJnrhoryo atil .tt trrn, (r97o) j,,r, ,1..,'l'l'.\.1,(,.... J-L..r'. ,t rl rrr-,,',rr
Sec,.lIJIH :171, rrldmg:

l. l.tl'Jl.tz. lrr l( ht x i rt t ! dtr :tr o.!h)t ti li l lt i l,t!1nul.ni tntl l( !l.i.h:.iti.rut /Ji,,vil ( e:(r: Ath.irs. ALorx Athaid /1totr \ir, ls.tll ii), dcpositsl Athcns. A.ropol( W. I]. l)i,i\i,),\)r. lr{ \\\vii roilf. l-lhr,.,rrr. .'1 ,,'. -. t,.,. rrrr I l. l. ('. i.r .r, . /1., , , .11. \ ,. t,,,r ostrrke " A. (irolenhrscrr, \i1tr. lilr!,r,,,rr.. r.:l: end 1). M L(vis, ldrjrlrr /dt. l)/(r. \i\,, I a.
it
t

i

1

VI GINEIIAL DEC]O]IATION
(;cstur.s (i Ncnnrinr, Oc:ro utlCLknlu ltLy",)1 (; M. A. R;.lrtcr, I\'r\,ttit! h Cruk &td kot d An I t 97o).

(. 4.. .hr /r\.t\i., _j,, ..r,, | .1rr,, r\1.. M llubr \ur,,t/l l\! i rt] ',,.,,,ri.t. t,,i rLr d,./.r /r\ tIi. _ - ,jj.t .r -t... L{,r,, .ti M. t{.,t,. .or,. /,.r,1 M-v!rr t'lrio 4s tt HCI'P :t1). l, I.J iJ.,/t.\.-///\ ,,\! :r ..r,r !,.r,.$ ,r, rnr r, .: . ..oi,,,.1 |l..r.. t,.r I FliiDS Aric(l I)rinrcr 6,)vo, iii. r6i T!./I . $r- j,.,.r. 1 B("/,.\. ,4/ I \s. 4an Troilos P.i,rt.r I)crzlc,v,JHS xxxil, r7trr'., llil \ l, \.,,J
1,.

AhLri*ron U.
S.h.,ucnLn,rs,././I

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lr,rr

r,r,s)

Arrrthorr, L,clly R. Lulli.s, lI( !ir, 8ifi:: Typc A. /Jl\/,r, iii, i i TyFc (1,3.Jn / iri. r6i Cl',1 LoulrL'v.

ll\xvii, :: jrfil
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8 v1,\'.t.,rt.. t.t!\rtt t\..,. r-,,,,r, ,.1 : I r< k....r, fr.,\/J/r,.. /. I il,tt tt r \-t tlrt (t\)7],\

Muri.h iv. London Anrphoh. rr..L (Nohn,

.

1,",' /i\r..rr.,.,1 .,,tu.," rji ro,: HLt/,
IV. MANNEIIIS'fS ANl) OTHEIT\

y.

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ll.'i,lc!, ll.Sl \viii.
xrix,

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lrhnr,A PJr

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u

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t; t't\t$ ttt. t,r. I tr ( , .. r. ///S .\, .,. ,

Askos Ilcirc,v, ,4/,4 x\!. rtr.,ii (;. Srr1.j(lrr, .\r,morfr. r9l.r, l.1E-. , ,, .r. L ll 1, ,., ir. ( : ll,.,r ,l!,r ,..,. A. B. Follnrir)D, D. Pn tlnlu 5ol (lrircr, c.rlv\ C. &)!rltcr. ,4K vi. 7r.
(lrxio. .olunrn Cll,4 VicnDr ii, BologDi i.

Hrslrds, rbid., rr6lU on carrymg.

L,./l \'. ,r ..1.. ^,) \, r.. lr.,If', . J \.. ,. r .r,. h..r i., , 1.. i li,.,r ' ,lr - ,l'h .'.:rLU...llr .\p,.. .: !,1 r1jr.: \\\..,. ^r\,. lar fil i -\:r1x. 47 jfl r xiv, jgtll: i li!, I rolil I 1\rii. \- I . \ . .\ ' . I . \ . - ,a:H ln'i,i.,s.l,i pr r',.. i .otrrprchcnsivc studv Kalos nrmcs l). M. Irob;r\or and J. Flu.k. .4 ,.J K. I',rr... S,nl/ ttln t,r,,L /.,r \.'rr.,,,j Athoti, t 1\rprrtud I:d 1ili J lt97i)t lists !r ,4/tl.'
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FroxAL!

r) ORNAMTNT

l'. Jr.obsthrl, ()flfu,14tk \tiuhi{hu l.'d\t\ 1t917): D. (-.. Ktnt7, Athotit t Utltik l,.kyllNi \1ei\).
ANrM^rs AND MoNsrrn\

[.,?rl)

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).

Viclrr i, I-ouvrc x, 1lcrltr) ir, iii. Adrlr i, Fl{)r.r.. iii, iv, ltoburson Coll. ii, Bry. Mrsr i. H\dria ,,Jt,,r ii, 9l (b.il sh.pr)i I1)lln,rnn, of .r.,4rU (kilpi, i al t'.t P,ris vi, ML,,)i.h v,l-orcloD v. Kaladros 1:(. T. WilliiD\, ,l( i\, :7fl: I(aDtbaros il.n., i, r4 rr. iii, r o1_., jrl:i I). Fc}lniiDs,,,i,rL Cl,rji. xiv, Ir4iT. (Typ. (l)iarl,,.l
I-ekythos l). ('.. Kttv,
(r975): W. W. llu.lolph, Dt c'l'.,'1 l']rlcnno (Mornrnro) ,.

volut. LJono, ir, 8.). Cup icc biblrcgrrphrcs lbr orh.r
(lrxtcr,

.hs

i

CL',4

l)ccr F. tsr.ir, D.r Huj.h tu dd.tt. /rliih:1it (.t96q. l)okinrisix H. Ctrhn,R,4 rrTr. tll: l)olplr.n aJ. r, I u.uhni, r. 4 1 t)4/..,:n Fclnr.s W L llrowD, T/,. Ir?,!.d, I-4,)/r (r96lr)
Foxcs K. S.hruo,[rurs, M-\\xvi. 47t Hor..'. ,rrl Hrr"rr" J K. A i.fo,i /1,r.,,, ()1\k ttot\' Id nh lt,)(,l) MrltcDs B.J/., iii, :9

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gcncrrl bibliorrrptrv
67.

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hsr ctr.prcr. Acrocup

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l)xiutcr of MuDich H., nlo.rx).

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,.1.,.
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.l It. (lrccn, Br11 11t\t. (:ld$ Lith \i\, I*li K. l']ctcrs, -/dI Ixxxvi, rralr (.horri (-'1".4 Muri{h,i Il.rlin iii P.like C'1.'l Vicnna ii. LouvrL' vi, Atl)cns
Onrochoc

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I H J-jji"f... .1l.r,r r". r,. .. ..rl

VIl, S(]ENES OF REALITY Scc IBIH:.1e. Drcss h.ld far b.f. l, (1. Cc..hciri n) srn/i MiJ. xix)i P. U/oltcrs. I:ado Md K .t(t dlt Ar tldt\ A. l(rug, B;rhr nr /.r.qr. K,,r-r (r9.8). wrrhnrr ll. (i)o!vas. Bd/dr?rlll (re62). Scc-srlv /n\0, iii,48l Toy chfi.,r! Bc.zlcv. A.Sl xxix. r87li o. Irr8].

I .r, \ v t t' , 1: tpt 1r t.: /r. .,r. j '.- ./:H(,tt 1.,..H. ,, i..k.. rr,,,. la, ,r(,jJ."rr 4\:fl 1.lj'r.r!, lM.,nr..kt ,j.
2J8

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Llcrlnr ir. LoDd(nr iv. StxDnros CI'.,1 Mtr,,;.h

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lJanrcr l,A r\ ti1t.: l.pnl 46t.

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2i9

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C,nd,rJ (I17I)

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rsiirnr Thcbcs UcMl(). 'll l lL\' lrJr al M A. llichtcr. ,4i,4lxxi!, 1.1'll. a'.,',r,.,r. q*. ,. ii.-, I \ ' r i"''r'' ' l/ I l' ' ,j v tr.,',.'. 8,]H { r,, jraH . ttt"' ttn t

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At \ ,l At r\r il !1t. (]tutk\ idd f;L b.ll. P. A. L. C.ccnl,rlg|, //ll ()1\'t! a"li11, lteil) oD horscmcn rnd chrrior Hclr)ct\ /r,,jr,!r ii, ]o (dc.orrhon)r B. Schrt,dcr, -/,// xrvii, I,7l{ (lrrr.iri). I)rcss A. lloron, llCH krrvii. j7ri. (P.rsier)i LI. C)hn, R,] r97r, rjt (Thrr(irn)i W. vrn lngcrt, I lah\,1lst . C/rss. /']iril. xlvi. I6r (rtron)i llorrdnrri, C/a.s. Qudrnt!y r973, r96i (hrif)r I(. SchiucDburg, .1rr ,,1 ll.,rdl,unl xx, 88lt
(re67)i

H,\,,)r,, Ai , rr,,r, \ T. Hi!1s.h.r. Or. l,li\t.ridrl,tldu dLt;. nl t. l,lt' (r971): lk \vii.78il ((jr..ks r. t'usirnr. VIII. S(]!]NTS OF MYTH Scc :1/ii:H trr9 4r fo ,,rnY iclN.ir)r r.t.r(rr((\.

. i.t., ,r,,i,

rrr

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.,',. .'.4 r.r,, ''u,4\x\.--d
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TRoTAN C\(rLF

p n,h; ..,ith,\,. 1,t-a" iil'ill)-. ;., f. l' .nrns_Brr'J^\"r' Jdl l^\\'r
A
Llrcifcnhigcn. (;ri..'is'ht I:-'atc lt951' r..

il,,

x,it',' ,ua".',.,'r"rt,",, .t l-inro,rr.D,./',, i.;p., x"" , r,"' r ('.w.s',r,.ii./.,,,rpir'. '; ".'.' I t1 L. 7t n' ra ,lr lua a,ti "i r.,. t'., Lti,,,;:n a,. P .nril. i d.t !r. A,x ' r" :\
r,.r,*1,-.ilfp"l".,,
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E. Haspcls,

BCHliv

M.chiiri C. Irou\, ,4K vii. 3otl: T.\tir! x.ro!vr, bows IJ,\nrr ii, r8 l)anc$s .1. l'jolrsat, B(111\cii, iiolll
ENTl:Rr^rNrvfNr

(l hri.irn).

fcu oi*hich rrc rcputcd h*c F. llroDrnrcr, l,',rwriinr, :,, .tr. H.id.,j.r(.r (re7.t) t-or iirllllstsand bibliognphl, q ithortcortmcntrty i,r.l in.l.xcs to ,'1RI" rDd /rrtrr ED.).lop..(lr.r
r

i,,r,,,1,". .,, n

rr.,,,,,, a,rr,

A. Pickrrd Crnrbridgc, Ih. Dtd ntn h:tinl! il ,,1/idJ (r96lt)i M. S(huridt, ,4( x, 7oll. ((hon"cs) l'. Ji.obsrhil, 'S-\nrpo\irki ir) (;;t/i,t(.r 1,,!,

(,r,r. Kottibos B. A. Sparkcs.,,lrriraroi.qyxrii, :o:fii A,,rlr.(,r /n)n.rii, jj 6ri l).(l.KLtrrzil.BorrdmrD.

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6 Athcns..4R r 6J. .ln. Str:rdi. I7lo. by Exchange. 14. troDr (lc. 87 E Villi (iiulix M. . Ncw York .riorul I423J2. nn'scurn 61.i.Alr. Akr. 9. fig. British Museunr Athcns.4RI'28. I 46 +7 Brusscls... .r rq G RL . British Muserm E 2j8. Pulitzcr Bcqucst.4Rtl ro3 . Lerihgract.I.4602. r.t l. 2]71i. Hd. froDr Vul. r6t.4RI/ i4. fro. Louvrc G rot. frori Athcns. Louvre G u rf i. Ftrrt- zj. .' (lastlc Ashby.s. r4.i. from Vulci. ro4o. r. 8.ARV t69. r()2. z4o. r. 4.4rril. l-ronr r lRt'-4. IScazlcy dnwinus.pulr.o. t)2.rdoi).vctcn. fronr Vulci. Ldrdon.] London. ' '1. Antikcrnrusc!tm BS Llrsd. ARV 77. 34. 84. Gift of tl2. fronr Etrurir.7. tion Vulci.inglcr-Rcichhold. 14 242 243 . Lonvrc ARV 124.nrgr:td. /Rr tr6.7.30. Altcr N.4 lxxlv. Athens. from Ccrvctcri.r.' r7oo. 1966. L. Museum of Fnrc Arts 9J. i. pl. Atuet CVA. ftom Todi.lRl Prrls.S lxxvi. Afto pl.6(). Ashnrolcan MLF scLrn itro.h$clz. Aater.4RlrI. fron 7t. I/ Arts 99. Athcns. /tr.8.'llll f.Pdra 323.6t Pdrd 129. .1. froDr Vllci. . r24. a2.. Vaticrn 71. l ais. froDr Chilsi. Vulci. fronr l9 Krrlsruhe. Univcrsrty Muscunl Vlrlci. j. Warrcn. 3()j. Bntish Muscunr E 417. fronr I fron Bcrc :zzro.. John HopkuN 3-/RV 7o. .rd ts!/1Mrir. N. r 1. Aftcr KleiD.4RI'7. Lrndgmf Philipp ol Hcssc 29. lLtu l:7.ta 412t.be Musedr I628. 35 Mucuns \) j6 i7 j8 j. 2a.4RIl 78. itl A. Are. 88.l Museunr Akr. . Gifts of l). 93. Hernit.r864. 6 lis. Muscunr of Furc Arrs jr. tiorr Vulci . xxviii. Mctropoliun 8. H. ' 78 London. British E 6.146. Boston.r.{Rt/ 27.1.lR Ptuhl.{RI/ r-l.lRI/ 92. Ashmolern Muscum I1o. Sraatlichc M$ee. \ 8ti Piris. 45. .. 7. CollcctioD. Munich. Louvr. jr (lothr. fronr Vulci. ti // L1 I)r d.22r. ii. Aftcr . Arltikensannrl!trrqsr 2t88. . . r.". Bntish Muscun B Ccrvctcri. r. Bcazlcy London. K!1qs Point.4RI/ E . Vilh Giulia MufronCervctcri. Agorl 24t r 1. Furtw:inglcr jl Aft$JH. AshmolcaD 74 CopcDhrgen. . C. rc. 8r rtr. 3 l'it. Mtscun of Finc Arts or. .4RIl 28. Bolnr. E P. FitT$.). CopcDhagcn. lruDr 'I rrqurn..'lRl 6l. lJ4 Brusscls. Piris. Nationrl Musellm.4lt I/ 6. Lc.om Vul.4R/ roa Maplewood.. 6-l ii. r 66. r.4RI. ARI/ 7. r02 London. ARV t6.stlc Ashb. Vd\. Akr. 8rl j. 98 BcrliD. Irom ClPua. M rich. t47. A[tc. L.v. (i I. F ro3. fronr M. .t9. froD Vulci. 26.4Rf 3. l']drd 32().61. Antikcnsrnlmlun gcn 2J07.tionxl Muscur rr r Pr.{ /t t' r 6 Ncw York. from Vulci. lRI.. Mmich.. Tarqutuia. 68. Antikcns.. ar8. ror r6tr5.ro.' r'i98. lro Orvleto.4RI/ r3.r Mut ui. Schinlnel Col seunr 57 Muscum 4r. fronr Vul. Ij. . t... . lecrion.7. Siphnian TrQsury. r Aftcr Pft1h1. L{rct Akr.ftet Corclld C tu|. . pl. Rornc. Antikcnsammlun gcn 26:0. . . Ait$ Furr!v:insler Rci.n.stum.e7r.lll.r Clistle Adrby. Musco di Artich. Vnlci. Mlrselnn lR / a P .4Rf Ir 98. (l(rv.rion 6r.4RI/ 1619.l Mu- irrv. :076(). p1.ro NJzroD. roo Atbcns.iscunr nrv. 34 tludxpcst. fron Vlrlci. Vul. Villa Giulii MLrscum Lcningrttd.4RI/ 3o 8. British 97 '5. Mus6es RoyiLt Il 3jr. Fiuwilliinl Muscun G 16l. l'tascl. froDr UDiv$sity.irinr Musen. ARI/ t16. Cotlc. 2 Vulcl.ll< 36 7 N 6. 4 j l'aris.531. .. frotri Vulci.2il. I.h.4RI" 3 r. private. Hoppxl.Ll. llrusscls. x. 24 Bcrlin.lJ. AntikcnsaDrnrluL gen 2j9o. Sec . Nrtional Muserm fiom Adlens. from SuniuDl. rr'i9. lroDr t7 oxford. London..4ltI/4.l.6. fis.4RI" 72. 2.. tron) Vulci. froD Vulci . iron Athens. Mctropoliun Muscun r4. . froDr Muscunl Vulci. National Mu- seun tr9. ft Bo(on. Switzcrlucl.7.. Muscum oi Fnrc Arts 1o. I. fron Crplu. from Chtrri. D.4RIl j.4Rf 8r. raJ. 75 London.. 2.. rlr7 London. irl:.4Rt.{RI/ 7r. Louvrc (lA ri-:7. Musclrnr Meropoliian .6+. :j5. 96 LoDdon. . fron Mtirt. rcj4. H. Musco Civico 36I. H l)urkee. Aftcl Akr. iii. r6tr. .. . fronr Vul(i lfi. .4R r t7. Aftcr aCH Muscum of FiDc Arts or.. 6.4Rr74. I6. 79 Ncw York. f./l1l I'8r9o Romc.4Rt'30.t Muse u:t: 89 Ronc.4RI/ 2r. Rog$s Fu d. fig 32r. li..4Rf 14 .'1Rt' j3. R. Athcns. i. Museo Nrzionulc RC 6841. Aftcr. ARV 16.i.lro!tl Cor. Aftcr Romc. Mcuopolittin Museu r 1972.i.4RI/ 9i. from ARt/ 7t. I/ r6r. 2. Muscunr 166. Airikcnsxmmllxr- lRI" L(. CollccrioD 71.4RI/ ARV j2tr. Boston.4[r. Noblc Collec- roJ tion. I/ds.6-r3. frorr ARV 7j. Frnr Munich. ..t CVASwirzcrland.. Romc.lRL' 6t u.n nv.1.1.eto. s8. llogcn Fund. I t. Boudoh Col legc. Vul. Antikcllmuscuu BS Pdrd 330. 99 lloston.4RI/ 21. tr. xas. Athcns.4Rr I26.59.r/l/i. private. 37 Wfs.4R/ j2 2a. Kxrgs Pomr. t4. Musics Royru\ R 1j9.. VilhGulia Museunr.4RI/ zrn.16. Beqlrest ofj.. from Koli. 2r. Aftct Akt. Tx agra. 2j Munrch.hlrcizcr (bllc(tioI.orc. I r.4lt L/ rj98. from Orv.hc Musecn 7\7. E 8r viii. 88. : ELrali.id nr flg.w. 4' 4.8otr5. froDl Vulci.hi. .r TrrqLrinia. ARV t1o..] s3. arom Trnagr. i_ron AthcDs.4Rrl r 6r7.j R r/ lr 3-1 froDl ncar Vitcrbo. National Muscurtt. r7.'l1< Romc.4R/4.. 6r scrur i I6.4ltl' Musccn 3.'1R Cambridgc. Prfls. jo /)ii. LoLrvrc (i r. Pl. rr9.2. r46I I. N. p]r 2. tlom Vulci.4Rr78. Afrcr I'fuhl. L.r920. Mus6cs Royrux A Orvicto. ActoPolis MtscuDi.4R I/ Romc. fro r sPlrr ARL'7+. Muni.7 i)ir. 1c. Lt'l. H. Athe. I-orclon. AntikensrDDJur gcr) r4rr. Reichhold. froln 63. 86 Mulrich. gico r rooli.. 93.drid.. Castle Ashby. fronr Ccrvctc . Grccce. . l/d\t ti.\. Britlsh Muscur! 76 77 ARV 127..'1l( I' ro8 CaDlbridgc. lrom Vltlci Akr.4Rf Akr. Mnbftl ulLtl Z. . from Vulci. S. 6. :59o rnd Oxford.hhol. fronr VLtlci.35. fronl Arhcns.6 Mrnich.illi. rToti Pdrd . from Vulci. pl 63.It.nkfliill i. 2 lJir.. 8. Hcrmitagc Muscum.4Rr l.. seum 20749. Mu. tt Adolphscck. 8r 8. -r tlcrlur. . lJ. frcm Vul.. 48 Athe0s. 126. L. Aslinolc.4lr. IRII 76. Storlichc 1.BadischcsLrndcs 60 oxfotd. Chtrrsi? 9r 9: 9l 94 Pfis.to.iuh. Picrcc Fund. IRIl r2j. 54 LoDdorr. Il.8oj7. Staadi. 5. r1.t.DrmhnL gen tr6r9A. r r.4/l 83... Antikcnsamrrlun scrl 2309. BostoD. Museum of Finc Ncs York.'ll. ARI. fronr i4' i. . &)lognx. Fain. L IST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Arlcshcrm. Nationrl Museun. Aftcr CI. ii.r.rit Palais 3s2. British Musclrnl r9:9 tr rr. MLrseo Civico r46j. 3.2l. Forrnerly Arlcshcrr. gjMelbournc.i.7.l C. tL Li\Baltin.il ML$eum GR 49. Bexzlcy 7) London. 8j wiD.4/tl' i9.4R I.62. Torloni. 73 LoDdon.l. tS.rr.). A ltcr PfLrhl. 6ll Obcrlin.lso [.]8. Vilir {. Akl/ 1t. .i . ArrtJHs xxxv. -2.2. Sce also i. Antikcnsammlung. 2 r30. r4. /ilrJli!/i. l. O. .zo. Nation. .' r7lrr.. . llritish E I37.. Il4o7.28. After Ptuhl. Tlrrn. Mills rn. Orvicto. British MuscnDr E 767. Allcr Art Museunr 6-7.iuli. froDr Vulci. Love. 163.4RL/ 16.gcn 24rt. Rome.81ft. Bflh\h Muie0nr l.4R / t5.L Athe s.4 I972. . Orvicto. ftoDr Cervctcri. 3ll Piercc 9 Otvi.L$i. . MLr$o ArqucoloVulci..{RI/ Akl/ fron Muscun I927. Lo don. 4. Strxtliche Musccn 2324. Itritlsh Museun F. AntikcDsaDirnluDgcn :102.6.r.92. Ilrunswick. Britirh Museuttt B 668. from r l Ncw York. Nrtion. Picrcc Fund. 8. I:. S. pl j. froDl Vulci. Furd. British Muscunr E r3J.r. 3l Munich. Vilh aronr r 45 fondnn. Bntish MNcum E J5.4Rr I6j. SchinlDlcl Col lcction Sc. 'I . ARV t72.4.4RIl r r. Athcns.4.n Mu- rr rtr Munich..hcstcr Collcgc 4:. . ftg 386. rol7. tlorrr r. ARI/ 6a.xris. Dc\. ..(strri... r. Oxford..1 1rldtd. jo Bcrl. 5oj9o 3. R.4RI/ Io..rs. froni Vtrlci. 3 (. from BologDa.gc Muscum 644. r8. MuseuDr .66. i. . t'- Aftet Furtwinslullcichhold. lRl/ Muscum. Nrtionrl 56.4J. I li3.41? r 14. HcrDitige Mu 49 Athe s.4RI.

Ashmolcm scuDr ro3.. Scc M/B.erad. Hcrnrrrgc Mu scum 647. V 66r.{RI. t+. . ftolr Ccrvcifti. Anrikcrsrrrrmltrrgor r38r. Aft. i. 6r) rjE VieDnx.' r614.dhr p1.rjcl2.. 168 Athens.4. 43r.r7r. Bcrlnr. Lolrv. . Uruscis.r. ARV .r.cLondon.4lr l.nrburg. fron..lloi:.i.r.\\. Sra.tr48. llritish MuseL.1j3. r r.4Rt/ r8l.lRl. Mu!eo Na2ioDalc ll( 4rei. . Loulrc al 22o.. tioDl Vul. 73 .. IJcrzlu\ Ijj I'. H$nririg. lioDr V!lci. .i . llritish Muscunr fronr rro B.. Afto A/ll. Staatliclic Musee .rrr. fronr S ltaly. tsr. lliscl. rtlj Stockhol.zley drrsDg.)r) S.rroD. r. t-ron) Vlrl. Fogg ij \cunr r9iro. tlrusscls.l Bcrli. fro)r Vulci.. . 34 Wiir zblrrg. A[tc. i7 Ronre. l. iioDr VLrl. Artikcnsarrrnrlurr Vul. Londo Palcrmo. Llctrzlcy dr.4RI/ l4) WnPburg. 6. HerDitrqc Mn Pl. Bosron. I ta Lordon. IRI/ 2jlr.. r7lr Nxpt$. L. MNcunr l19.l. Muscnm ol 64. AI?V rrc. lroni Vrl. I.4Rt' r7x. gcD nrv. froD Vul. froDr C. f_ron 1" 2N6.rluD scn 2r 1. Muni. 2589.lRrrTl. lltl.i .r. lti.lRtl 169.rvcteri. \ AakrJHS \r.' . lRl' tioDr Vulci.iS /lftl . M!s.i .. .42 ARI' r74. r7 r ril L2 llerixr. AntikcDsxnrmlungcD :6.rlnr. NL \\. Stlatlichc Mu\. rll /l L/ 21o. rU..i /t I. (lA r947. SLrxrli{ ll Mu!! ! z:79. H. r09. Nrti(.4Rl/ r8r. r2j [ir 2lo Biscl. . rr Bftlin.1e. Bnrish E r6r.4R CrDrl)ri.. fiom Mrrur.1R I. . l}itish Musotrr E r6j. lronr INS Pr. r14 LondoD.4RI'r9o.i lRt' Asr. Cift of (1./r rrrl Snil. t. FlorcD. S. tr6j7.f .i. xi.r/. lRt' . r7j .he Louvrc CIA ajr. ADtik(DsrDr. t. r4. j7o.]28. llologDr. ftorr Vul.lltl". frori) Vul. Aticr CVA.' I rl.21. Vutci.1/il/ r9r. AntikeDsJnnnlur qc. froDr Atticx. Iilct.lc nom Ruvo Orvi. Iil MuDich.{R I/ ro8. r r. Arts 97.27. 6. . Picrcc Fund. Ilritish Moseunr F. scum 614. r. .4R Art Mu ]I. SchiDnrel CollectioD.l..2. CahD Collcctrcn. froD Noh. I r r8j. Attcr . Ath.4R -:170. M.h. rri4 riJ. Staathch.ro. ti9. llrirish MusNnr frorr Vulci.. 8. Muscum ol Fnrc Pdrd 44r.4Rr/ I7 r.rish Muscurn E trr.1ltt'r96. r Crpua . Britisli Muscunl [4j8. ri.e G r6t. r2: Agon MuscnDr I./.4Rr I r4.rr7r.lrtrn M rnurr 07 r8. Akr.lt I' 3rlr.rlr. I I6 rxii. Bibl.4Rr l:4.'$ (i.. Bascl. Mcdclhrvsmuscct r963. r::o.J42.Irorn (lopcnhrgcr. rl.41?I. AkxLlenis.' I 89. lll I' 197. Mun'Lrn ol F!)c Ilorlc.].. ..1111' t74. tiom Cffvctcri. Fn.J/d.. l). :4ro:.xrli.r B. trorr) Vllci.rvetcri. Lo!vrc G r9r.{Rl7ir97. trom Tenrgra.4/t t'rj8. Musco Arclco- rli Nrplcs.r. LlrLrDsvick.i. British Muscun E r6l. London.h.41tt. Aritsh MuscuDr Vul. Copcrnreg.. r-:r6e. lionr V!lci.877r. iionl Orv. LoD. 3lr rir. .. tiom Vulci..4RI. r.hc rr r (E..{o. lig.4ltl' I61l. LoDdon.rhigdl.. Lo.rj9. Bad$chcs Lan d. froD (ich? 2r3 l/il':47. r2... lioD Vulci. London. llrfish MNcrnr ]j j7.lR I. lt.4R I/'-129. froin lR f -:4s. ra 8.4RI/ z8J. fionr (. ARt' rr4.. t) lj l.gcDto. Mcropolitan Muscum rr..lh GiLrlir Muscunr 4il23it.4 ::4o.4R Mu.2111r.36.' Prlorno. lR l' MU r I']er$.4 Rl" 32l.{Rr r89.'r]9. 8766.hcs KuDsr- Trrqr. Vilh Ciulir I\ivit. Aficr Wrgncr Mrscum J07. i. Archacologicel Or). ll!'. Ilritish E l 16. 6r Brusscll. Lordon. lRr r2r. ()xbr. . privrr. Cop. Londo.4RI/ r8.. lionr Chiusi.161.r.h. Muscunr fiir I(unsundCir'werbc r966 34 ]\ti j17.lirI.rurDri tjr Nc$ York.4R I7 Perknx r:r B. Alict CfA_ nt')r gcD Ortbrd. r$. Elcutir Musclrnr E]cusis. Artikcusammhr. rtl9 Ncw York. )l1.llc( tio.!!.rzio.4/il. from Si. frorr Vulci. V. Bas. 36. ARV Lt7. Musc'o Nrzionrle .t r66 l']xris. IRI/ . Llcrlnr. r6tr. York. tJS ..lR l.l/li'| \. MLnri(h.pLra. 16r Munich.' r7oo. i. frunr T. .r937.j r.trr). Potd 344. r.4It Mrr l' E 44 r. lR l' Ro. . tionr trr7.r muscunr 6E. . Nirrchos (iollcctrrr i.S {xxiii.ril Mu\(uIl I54 rt rr. .r 23r3. fronr Vulci.nr. 16:: llostoD.o lRt. Murch. ro:. froD (l. LondoD.l .l). rr4. Munich. ADtikcnnuscunr llS 1i6.. .it I. 44.\ York L.erc l/it' frojji Falcrn.2.cn trr6.)rc. 4:rr. i/tl t13. rr.rd quiri..lgc.D E 5ro. Aticr llrrrwig.vi('. frorD Camirus ARI' 139.o PU A stl9. lrcn) Grcccc. terr.irtu1r.tirhl. ADtikcnsanrnrluF gcn 2(.21r../20t. tioD) Clhiusi. scuD. Noblc Colle.ri. r64 ARI/ 12r. llritidr Moscurlr 11ll Oxford. Musco (livi. tot. AntiIc. . t'tis. Muscunr E 4a. rjo Prris. . Mtsics Royrli\ lt lo3. Nationttl Mu scunr nrv.)Jnrr ii.4R l'i:i I.'lll l/ 129.ls 98. .rt. fl.c.lRI" 248. tlostoD. jr | 71) fron Vulci.1/tt. Vul. Vul.r. l:o.c. pl. /rr. vor Wxgnr Mrscuri joo. r lldtor.16.. Museo Nrzior.\. MDsa$ Ro).. B. Louvrc G jr6.'-:76.l Rl. r-1. r?r.. Pcrit Prhis I rj. fror)r 2. I.lroDr (lhiusi.4Ill.9 rjri 139 LondoD. 39 .1Rt 2o9.. Mnn$ 34i. r8j.n 36a..'ror.. . lRl' 107. .au{ A r:o. //.'aor lJo6... MusL-!. rrl Musecn rltl Lcnrngncl. .4Rt' rj r. from Orvrcto. privatc . Louvrc G ro4. llritLfi Musc!Dr B 674.I of Fmc Arrs 6l.lcy druwffg t91 LoDdon.1ii t' AdlcDs. r Pfls. Marril 244 scunr r33tl6.4lt I. lloston.. (lanrbridgc. Peris.k. i/ rjt6j. tthodcs.I Mrrrop. M$cunr of Fmc Al.h.{R rl6.i. fiom C]hitrsi.ji ML scum r9r7.tliche M!sccD it1\. rl6 r-t7 74- Musco N. l/il' 249' 6 FloreDcc.htcr. j.rr. 176 177 Miplclvood. frorr Vulci. (N. Ncs.r9j. NatioDrl Mf scun r16. Lcn. Arts rj roo.. f-rom Ket. London. i'jril.41< I.oD. r. Artcr ltichtcr and I Iall.4Rl/:81t. At_tcrJH.'ji. St. fronr 297. Vic. 6.. f r67 CiDrbrldgc.vlrx t96i... Louvre G tos..)nruscum BS 439.dl markct. lrorr (l.' frc. frorr Fuzrvilliur Vul.N . Iogg Art Muscunr r9]j. Ash. lroDr Vulci. t-79.2.. t/ r97. Louvr. Pl 36. r.lll l/ lo7. r.' nruscum r43. .. r6J. Staitli. Musacs tto.' r97. 1118. from IloDn. MrNcunr of Fnrc Arts or.I ( fr.n. 2.unr of Fn.)7.. Briti\L Mus.unl E tr6r. .s ti9 Mnsculr 74 r. r. Vxrr. a)7. Il. t(. Melropolitan Museftn r2. lrncch l.'rrJ4.j .i IRL:trj. rlli l/{| r\. WilhclD Coll. ir.. lraft j4z. Mtrrti. tronr MrrioD.Jl. N.2N Arr\ 9r.l.rlsruhc.ri.' r-:8 ro.t i o.\o Tr- K. Vulo. Ilowdonr Co1- Vul. Crkdnisscttc.' r84. r6.)e.c 2a Arrs . rj.rs. 2a MlsecD 4rrlJ. from Ccrvc rr5 r:.. Musco Na.rioD. givcn by l). P.. P Ftrnd .411 1.k E I I ].. AnrikcnsrnrnrluDgcD r.r I{or.h. r::. . fronr rll3.:r6 .. MuvoD rr9 \iyiirrblrg. . Yn.i.8 t(. lrom Gch. Munich.r? Iit. ADrikcDsxrlnlluDee. r3().ily. .rol.4ltl' rlJo. Ashrolcm Mr t9tr7. C. Kugs Pomt.oI) ArhcIs At<r J32.]8r. 6om 250.r9. tionr Noh. L I9lo. r j. 22.1/ll' I urtwilrritler Rcichhold. ii. Nrr. IRL' Puils.r. M. ).her Fund. N Aftcr I-lart\vig.N7l.l/il rjr gc. LordoD. r. C. r6e l. . r6. irom Srbucnrx. t- Hrrow S. No1. llt I/ . Ptis.ictdD. Br[ish Muscun i7 o L Noh lR P.' Ktrnsthrsrorirchcs Muscum 37:5.i. tsrirish Mu\cnnr r r r5 4l.3o. Mrrrnr von Wigncr Mn\cL1i)r \ I i. 7. Nxrionrl MNcunr Akr.riT.rvcrcri.4R l/ 99 7-rr . :2] lRf t/zr r.rs.irlv. t97 l'ctit Pihis iionl Orvicto. fronr Athcns..trd 866.llorr Vnl(.4:. British M!s.lso [2j6] E8r6. . Antikcnnusch.ioralc r60 S\vitzcrland.llt t"r94. tioDr (lhiusi. . r.4. zSl.rls.hc Mtr\ccD . 14 lcgc MDDi. lIl l' 3{)2. fronr Vulci.rsxNrDlun go rlol. A.r.7. from Vrlci . (-'n.)9 rr9 llosror). . r95 l\rv. l4.nir...rlin. ftoDr aldvctoi.]8j. MuscuD j6.r. Nc!' York. Arter /ils x\x. Sta. j6.uD [ 44o. .tt. Anrlk. Par1s. rt.79. r.ind245 .d.. London. Louvrc C.1RI.iJ Scc tn$k. pl.i. Kunsrhist(r'sch.4RI. froIll Vulci.)rle 242:. Bcazlcy driwiDg. fro I56 Londor.. . Aft. r. r.c Lu. Fufd 4/{l r7j r27 O. logico t).rli. iionr Vul.4RI. Musco Civi.. ADtlkensanlllun gcD :144.is. 5o.t.tor.ARV 226.rd lj4. Pcrugja.)rh h.lRI/ ro4. .4li 72t.'1llI/ Londo E Vulci llU...3rN.18r.aD MuscuDrs. 1r7 LondoD.4Pl ruj..st) 2]71. r9l Lc. voD Bothnrd).to. l/tr I t7.1R i. 15.I. from Vnl. r4. ol Finc Afrs rl..ingr. M.4]l r t73 Irr .). tr. ArtikcDsr.h. 8. Brirish Mn\. r3: Muri.r E2. .hool jj. Bcazlev driwurg.l Iro II' I E r4. Brscl. llce. Afrff frorr Vul.47. V 76j. Louvrc G r97. -i()7. Museo NrzioD. Ncw Yo. lRll rtii.tionrl Mu fiom Paris. McoopolitaD Muscunr j6. Muscunl GIt r8.onl Muni. Bosiotr..4 /t I/ I87.. liom Arhcns. MuDich. Mrrc|ellatol lc.. St:r:ulichc Mu{. .:7o. iioD Vulci.4Rll r61 Bcrl.4/tt":7r.4Rt' 8. .. f'ftc CVA.]rJr.. Mrscu.4R l ' scun rrv 3293. r6i H.

7j.18. privatc. pl' t. r. lron Agriscnto. l)drr 17.r85.3o . from (laPur. korn (ircccc.rlich. Mnscunl of fmc Arts o8. rcurlr 679.l Mnscum r8rl7.4Rt' 4i9. 2. Musccl zl09.14 Llostor.lR L'406.mmlutr gen 2640. C. fronr I. t.hcs l) r l. ll7 AthcDs. Aslnnolcm Mus$nn r967. Pxrls.h Antrkc. x.rich.lso lz.1.liian r.1 scottbh l' fron Bosblr. lRt' j79.rtikcnsrmnllunfron Vulci.4Rt' Ronrc.221r. lrom C$v.rrrr[. ll. 82.. llritish Muscunl E 4ro. 1106.hhol. from C$2ll6 287 PIis. fronr Ruvo.ri. .4Rt' 113 Bascl. r75. (E. g(n . Ku. 86 t2ll Lo. Housto. froll VrLl.i .'. Muserm GR :\6 O\aoid. Musco Nr?ionilc ll$hi.\. Ashroie Muscun I rr. .lon1 (lollcgc i:1.1 R I/ Ji9.4R l/ 4.. Baltinore.ssuld.! )ror.4R t/ r646.4/i I/ l7 r.. York L.in MuscuDrs. AficrJHS \xxii.4RL +st. Hermitrgc Mu- r8j Vicn!. r5 LrllsxDnc. frcnl Gch. 38.st) ilrv. liorr Arl.llt Pfirhl. t /R r a49.lRIl4-l:. .79.i. Ilritish MuscuDl Vioni. lR I/ +ilt.. Vriicrn Muscuns. Bibiiorhaquc Nrrrmalc i7 t. ScTJH S Lrtrr.. Bo!v.)tikcn\. tz. Briridr M$cum E 7j.87 seuDl r9trj. 44. fronr Orvicro. troDl VLrlci.l. t IJ.!rDrlun-1646. . British Muselnl E 768. I. tsritidr fron Vnl. MLscunr ol I:i. UDivcrsiry Mu sctrn) Lcrn)shd. r2i. fron Itily. Villa ilr New Yotk.r Musc!))).4rl8. Bcrl.2ll. rr9o. I8. ftonr Ccrvctcri.4R t'494. lron' VLrlci. t-roDr ARI' 4o.4R L' 148.4R t: Mnnich. fronr Chiusi. lrom Vnlci. ::. 26. 16.cli. IRI/459. . ftnid.n tr29r. lion Vul.n Dr. . lRt' E. 2. iii.4Rf j7r..l4l Lon.lc 542.lroDr Vu1(i. Mirtur von B$lih. 159.4Rl" )69 Trrclu.1194. 3j. tiom (.c BerlDr.topolirin MuseuD trj r89..4R 1" 484..'jj6.rn Mllseltrns.utll E r7r.4R I. fi oDr J79.4Rr 4o8.sthistori\chcs Museulr 1695.r Tfqrnir.. D. fronr Crpur.r ll\ llerlin. ARL/ 569. CrPua.4Rt'ii4. Vrticxt Mnscums. Oxaord.n. Ir'iJr.rl M. London.rr Bcqucst. fronl j8r. F.'4o1.i. Musco Jrttr rj39.{R M!ruDr nrv.). ftonr Vulci . pl 86. r r6.loj.r91.'jtiil. . Britirh Muscunr Muscurr r Lletlir.4R1"46r. 378. pl fro CcrlRI. llxrilctt DoDation.11.lR I. l4i S. . Corplrs (lhristi.16. Brrirh Brunswick. frorr Crnrirus. ArtikcnsamDll!tF l6 BS Fmc gcr 26j4.El Wrrsxw. r7r.{RI/ 169. FiDc 41) Trrqumir.416. 7. frcDr Ponlrrico.r.t. lR l' 48o.t ljj Pirris.4RI" 362. Lonclon. Musco Nrz.y 4lJ zr r J.). . Musco (lclx. Louvrc C Irj. Muscunr TE j56.nr Vul. tz. Wiirzburg. .pux.i. Vrti. t6?. Brrtllrr FuDd. (lrmbridge. FDc fro..1R L 43. Mus. 96.ly. -18.788.kct. I'ris.4RI 415. 3r..r Crpur. llrirish Muscuni Vulci.21r.67 . tiom (iiulir Muscuttt C.. 144 V 77i1.r.zionr1.t Romc. Knnsthistoris.. 91. Mureo N. Sharlichc Musc. Naplcs. VlcL). l. lR I. Musclr)r .c1. Mihn. ADrikens.'glcr Rt'ichholcl.4ltl' tionr (.. fto r Vulci. r. llritisli Museun E4e. fr. -to I tKunsrhistorischcs Txrqunria. fron Ccrvctcri. iiorn Vulci. Britlsh Mtscuri) E 363. .{R L'169. 'l[. (1. r..4/t l.r76. 1. fro. Loncton. from Vulci . ARl 4+2.'. Aftcr &Jnrr nr. Ant. BritNh Mus.lor:.l9. tro.r) AqriSdr({) lRt' .r3l. Nitk!).4Rr 15 5. r52 Londou. 8. Startli. Ro). fronr Agrigenk). Bitish Muscunl l. lRt'427. Smatlichc Lordon. lRI. Rornc. . llritish Muscunr Iror. 1. .r86. rrom Txtutuioii i:5 | 76.tion. 38r.4lt I.4 R l' Ilosron.nsxmnrhuF t.' i7 r.lge. 15. i57.'170. Musccn Il Muselrn 1694.13 .onxlc. 316. Znrich. . l4 tlon. 117 Muscum Jlro.ll5 tloston... Mus6cs llovaux A lry CrrrbriLlge.4Rl' sJl. A. '4ltr Arts I r. Musccn Etrurix. Muscnn o{ Fnre Arts 6. fio. 3r: Irl . . Llritisll Muscunr r9ro.. Iiom Ath. /4 R Ir 4I t.. Bibliotha. MuscLrm ol Mrs. :: Llll jE6.1R Brscl.4lttl r71. 25t tsosron. 43 (lervct. London. Museunr ol Furc .t.' jl2.. s(um. Nx A. .4Rr4r6. t. loJ j2. r7. j6i.lor. r66. N. r 71. 51. r AlrLr Frrrt$:r. H. lRI.{RI' 31t) Vrl. AttikcDsaDinilur ScD iiv. 3j.199.4RI: r7:. ARV 3t7. from C:rnrirtrs.4RI'3jj. Ashrrolco Mu scllm 3oj.../ Lcninsricl.4R r. t Munlch. r8J.'l R I''. frorr C. (llcvelind MuscNn ol Att 24. Museun of .4/{.3lr4.tionrl MuseL!n j76 . Afto Museu.. Bcrliil. . Oxlord. V 67:.loD. fronr (ich. lRl'Jir.4. Adrnrolc.rr. 24- 6. . fronl lr.'46j. Fogg Art Mu 4o-r. . Smatliche .'468.4RI. ARr 4tj. Bibknhiquc N. Stardichc Museen Vulci. gcn . 8.1: L 9 BostoD.r9. . ..{RI'':l-:6. 6ll.4RI/4oo.2T bi! Bilr. Furtw:irgler-Rei.t6 rr Fitzrvillirnt r917. . iig.rir. Hrnnr (.3Rt' 3. Fnic 44. .4RI..!lio.. /iard 371.. Ati. E 49. Mrs L. r i. Mur9r9. 211 . Al? of rN8. Pdrd t7tr. rj. pl. ge M!nich. Collcction.4RI/ 18j. 246 .' Furtwinglcrltcich ll4.1.3. lRl/ i64. St tlichc Musccn inv. Akr. Arts ro. 19. Mu. Lon. .17 r. Nation. BcazlcY fion A Cumxc. . Scc . ttoDrc.'lRt'563.4r 7.'li r. Atier 8drror iii. fronr Vulci. Scc :t/.l9o.lRl 43 r.ni 376.477. lronr Sucsmli. /4RI" Arts 03.. 84. 2lrj. . AR 3lr1 Romc. .l. jj-:. I r E r+o. Arts I3. lor r99 Ilonl.. F.' 4:7. 23. Aslnnolcrn Muse!1m Joo. fronr Athcnr.i\. froD Vulci. Antlke. . . Aficr rf. r r4. !r46. Antik.4RI/ 4jo.iti.84.4RL- t6r. Smrtllchc Musccrr Muselr of F.4R I/ 41.i. r Pxris. tio. 7.. Ariikcnrrrusclun 3. (Ncw Pdr.. fronr Ccrvctui. llosk r. ADtikcDsrnrnlLnF Scn r6io.tcri. Pl.nrorc.'j. from Vulci. fronr Vulci.F E Londor. St tlichc Musc(n I rro Bcrlin. IRI' BosroD.n Vulci.I 3'r4 Edinb rgh. Startlichc :r72. fronr Vulc'. rlt. .!. RLr 3il4i :r r. . Boskm. /RL sir.F gc. r5.hwctrr Musc n 146 106 LeniDcri.4 /i I.ltl/. r. c$v. Hcrn)irigc Mo- ()xtirrcl.4Itt' 4{)5.hc Muscc.uDr 1717. 14 riJ.41. W.4Rt'r64.'64'. lron' (lcrvctcri /l? f 4olr. SI..irris.rnriLigc Mu i:91 oi Arts r97o.ir: /lr. ljTrj . Altcr (Ersr) . Louvrc (i rjj. AntikcDs. ironr V. Muscurrr ol FDc -tr:7 lhrcss (lollcction scum r927.68. L. Louvrc (l 4r6. 1211. sr. V!1. British E 7lJ.rmuscum BS Arts ro.tlL 3r4 Mtn)ich. llti Murich.u. Bcrlur. . 2 L Ironrc. from Su.st) B$Itu. Scc . Fogg Musc0n of Art 6c. r4R f jio! L 336 Athens. 6 I Iv..o. (lcrhrrd. n57 Munich. .4ltI. /Rr 417. 8i. lronr Vlrlci. fron Vulci. London. r.. W:rllers Art Gzlle. Fnrc 23ll 4r8. from Agrigcrro. 4ll..6t) 237 .i.'1/t I/ . lt5 . London. 12.4/tl". r r. j3 lJostor. fi 0.itn MLrseuns.luc . {r oIn Vlrlci. Muscunr 18 j.f. troDl ARV 360.n Wrgn. Stutlichc r. tRI. llttl. l l9. 1rl.l.J16. British Er ARI' 5jt. On.7 ML nL. IRI/ lrr. Itonrc.4R L' jJ. liL i London. 17. onr Athcns. Privrtc..r:nrnrlungcn 21trr. ClcvclaDd MusND ol Arr Hrn. Iton Ct!n.' 4E4..roD Locri ?. MLrscun) .. frorrr Noh .4R I. ftcr P{nhl. r. ARI' :7t.'1R Arts l)onrtion. Oncc Muich. from Ccr18. lJ6 Oxford.rj). lrr Vulci. Bntirh E 68. Musco Nrziorrlc. -tlli ()xti)rd. . lr7 Lonclor.2t5. r07 Munich.nnrlut3os scunr 617. Attcr Hrrtwig.' jJ7. Vilh Ci!1ia Museum. Antikcnsxni.4RL_458. MrsNDr 7r8. Loncton.rc Arts ro . Anhkcnrruv rrrrr 44o. / 129.. frorn Muscctt Vul. MuDich.3 14.6e.4RI. Mlrsern of Finc Arts Io.4K Romo. Antikcnmuscunr vctcri.rlungcn . Strrtllchc ARL'378.. veteri. Kunsthistorisches vcteti . lrom Gcl.-i5o.. .. ...145. fron Adrcls.i (E.4Rf Sjr. Scrpicri Qrll((tnnr (Vlaito). Wardcn 66. Vrti. gen 26j7.j2. 2. l-roDr t' j30.l 9i. lRl/ 429. British Muscunr E 48.rscl.73. . AshDrclcir Mu . lio Munl.t.tcn.. . jol96.lrorr Vtrlci.. CInbri.rvctcrt I}rscl. .4RI/ London. Louvre Cl r. de Ma11il Collcc tion.. tionr Bocoui. 3+7 . pl 14 r2Nj. l-ron Vulci. 86 1.'. 21. . from Vulci.' j55. pl. fronr Vulci.t79. fronr Vlrlc. Nrtion. lroft Chiuri Atli.Iig.41t/ 382. 213 Ilcrin. I I3 l41l r3 rr8. Aftcr Mo. tioDulc 417. /r. Torno Suitzcrirnd.4RI.]. 27t) llrusels.rl. fronr Vulci.i. Prris. .t Loncton. from Crpux. I'roin Vul(i.i. r5r). .r :4r7. fronr Ruro. /Rr 316. Londo.4RI/ 26j Cxnrbridgc..r97. Bcrlin. B$hr.4 l-sxiv. r. 2:8e.tt l" Oxford. Johns Hopkn)s UDivcrsity.h. Vxri. lronr S Prlcrnlo. 3. Ashnrolcxr) Murcum r967.4R l.lhscl.t.rqS. froD Vulci. Stiutliche M!sc. 71.4Rf 4ri.cn (Er\t) 23or. ftotl V!]ci. Aodt Collcction. A[t$ tsoJn. K:ippcli 42J. ro.. t. froD Vulci. llcrlin. l09 London. Aftd hold.1 zt)3 . Vatican Museums.'1li I. 131 MuDich. lltitish Muscunt E 65.k.j r.l Muscnrn 961i1.1)s.7. Boskrl.]. t. British Muscnnr E j r r. llc sr9r. M. Borowrki (iollc.1.. l17 rr2r.4r1. pl. J r-19.4RI.4R l'.rs. Ji. t-ronr Erlfil. Pl. Ruvo.1don. tio. Vienn. fron E 54. . ARI'ttt. Artikensrmnlungdr 2645. Musccn 2tl3 from Vulci. TotL Nrzionrlc lj3 Prler o. Smrtlichc Mus.. I ro.4Rl'406. F. l7ro. l:6 LondoD. from Vulci.

21 3t ronisp. r Altcr l. Museunr ot Furc r6l.rr.ss 64N.62. r8. Irt.. l6j Brusscls. r8.4RL.8oiro. r. r I41 2I I P. 8()6. r17.ir. IlJ.a. r61. r4.2rj i J4-6J Oncsimos 9. Muj. 90.ret.iu. Andokidcs Panrrd The drawing on p.rseums aDd ..115. l-roDr Orv'cr() Epid(. . lllz ARl 8tt..unr 6j8. r8o: 168 22 Nikon 116 7.. lroDr Nola.t/.. 651.. of Ncw York ofMunich Amphora rIl..{Rrnos.irias cuPs 62i (p) e (p) e.ngrad.r.. r9J i J6i 6 88. . Louvrc G 2ro.2r2. pnnrcr O. 90.3. 4.4Rr646.-. N.). ro.i i. I9r i i67 Cheh P.y Giti. 26. Bry!.60 r. 23o li P 95.s. Euclrarrles Eucrgides Euersidcs 62i rrJ . o. t_roD Errurir t7o llerfur. Arts ro. r16 rli Argos HEAD DETAILS IN TEXT (p r6). 2 l)oknnasia P. P. T. 1.4Rrnosolsi. r. t9. 37I 17: ARt lRil fron Italy.. r15.R |.xtlichc MusccD (Erst) :l t r. 6a'.. 15.3.4R I. r32. from Nola. Jrdl.kosihcDcs P. llostoD. uerzlcy drrwnrg. Hernnragc M!.72 6.7. Do.r. t r3: . rE. rqr l)!fiir P248 P of zr. 6r t374.33.88. r56.7. 636.. scc Andokides P.260. i rrJ 6r. P of P.1 .. 62r .. ..J4. 212 .)r r77. r4S Brygos (p) 61 Flyurq Angcl e. v. 22.5.rsu' (p) 15.660. t12. 179.61 P. I r4 4 HcnnoDri 19l 4i JJ. 133-4.ptions. 35.8. ro thc n)rnv n.. J7. Aslrrrrolclr Mr llo. fronl Ccl. M!s6cs Royaux A Iorq.p. 4Rlno.r.. (lopcDhigcn.r rrr S'vc. Itloi J27 E Elrusis P..4R Bcrzlcy drervirg..gp.u.-irki. .1.2r.l8jli l. r7. r95 i J6E Amasis 9. Kleophradcs Kleophradcs 19r-6. 60: E.iirtrt. 37- 3ol.i".'. rrr. 374 Oxl-ord.lRt.9r Ambrosios P. eo. .) in c.tr.60.. ofBirth ofAthena I94i JJJ P.tl. .Iurh)mrde. I.e.232. lRtlNos.j5.-.. Dikrios P.."ll. Agrigcnto Akcsrorides tr.I (icli. IloD Noli.li... rj8.79 E.r.hivr nr o\f. .. HrrkD. 17. ror\rn rh"... IIL: lE Lir"up ol Florn Nolin\ 95.t2 Mysor rr2. rr.os P..ri p. 2r9. 1 .26E. 9r-4.26t. 198.rrrhor r. rdj 2tq Euai. P.2r.rr MarH.1r.J. H. .2or. 87.hnc lr I95: J 2.a IJ7 3J8 s.. rl).. Lonvrc CA::s9.Kl(ophtude. 22U. British E tse.2rl: 236. from Noh.4Rrnus. scur) j 17. iii. iEi.616.iJe/ s.. 137 Eudrymides 3c2. '.p . d8. r. zgz j. I7i London. rro I L. irl.rl fhu . sfJ. Jo8 18 MJtsch P.l 9.24. 95.r{..'..9r P.ki. Muscu]n /Rf ol l:Ir. ItcrD. L.178 llosroD.4. r2.. lioDr Noh. 95.lrnr nrv.r.r7.iit/ 646. zq5 6.r. (p) 60 Euphronios 9.zra. r34-s.1cs 7. r3J.5o .gc M!s. sctr i. t hc rr.-..: O-(.".r.. -t.h... j7: r927-7r. 31.13. r4.57 9.24 Cartellino P. pl..o .io. 11. MuscuDr of FjI.rr.t. fronr C. . rj i i92 (. N. Prrnter.Jr //?l r. t76-8 9 225. J7. l7l OxLrd.4Rl no. 157.l.i7. !/t I/ 7rj. rao. 9.sh MrscluD E 299. t Il. i.za6.1 AthcDs.lt)Sa 369 70.s (p) e Mv. Louvre ARI'811. . pl. t8 CopcnhagoP t t3 t4 199 2a) l)ciiiades (p) lj l)clos P.) .:. 115 P.ip r. 62. 135-6. s... r+J 61. 19r..n. t37.l80 lloston.in.8rJ P.lr)..14.\L.\ 'io.r'. Paldmo. .4 Epiktebs 9. 32-3.29 Oionoklcs P. rt2t 1b4 t7t ? Kolchos (p) eI. I37: 27o . tsertD p. 1t)4 5: J6o 3 Oltos 56-7. lR r 647. 1 tt.6 j2. Cl. a U.r.46. 55."'. 66 7E P. go. raa.storisch$ Musctr. ARV 79o..26j Il7i r78 P. 2rl i Elpnrikos P.r iii..cras P. Arrs 9j 3o. St. 195-6i i82 Bowdon Eye P. 132.". lJ 6.4.9 13. r. . r76 Lon. r/'r'.s FouDdry (l. rr2r r7J Hcgeslboulos P..\)6. t 8().. qo 1.l.23ot 27 i-7 I)ouris 59. 92.ro\(p. Kcr. ia .nos Boston.. I17 diSp'r)x T.: r.. W. Mus.ll oa Fihc Arrs 76. 9 P. Dritish M!\c!Dr E 77-:. P...1Rt/ 8r6.. . R. Figurc numbcs erc ndl. . 6I. J2.. 180: . trrr.d tuLrlnrr B Jrc du. (p) : poitcr l6l 361 r22r J. N2r.'2oJ. INDEX OF Prnciprl A RTISTS AND GROUPS bold. 35. Jr?-6 Lydos 9 Lysippides P. r17 9.. s. 33-4.eningrad P.r: Il":11. \cuir Etrl. f(.:. 3.r. Mrsctrnr ' 167 llostoD.1z9t 95. P. 61.1. Carpentcr ofso re colrplctc v.. Golrchow P..nr. r. Makron r9j -1.t. Orelbclos HIrow P. 195. 6. pl.)...r ts 9j.(.ooripili..'r. Jit.. .pt.867.l. tiom Vrt. gti 2tlt 33 7i 52 l Euritheos (p) lz. 6ct. l: . -4.]) Attv n9\:l: r(. *. _rhor. Arrs 68. r. t5o. <)t. AIi I. I']aris.. t)o..... pl. s. NrrioDel Mu iDv.218.a. 4+q page rctcrences are I'}.cp. 62i rr9 rr Ardokides P.. fronl Ererria. rl8. L Prjdikos I)ish P..r Rcichhold.1ionr 16ll lhil nrrrkcr. gti Nikosrhcncs (p) i(ts8. Ilgi Jdl Oinanthe P. 1/l I' t-roDr 366 L. 2]] Epclcios 57. I)anr 4r7. r r r Chelis (p) 6I Cl:j\tc P.. Ention P.|i.22r. F!Dd.6lr. -t8r Lc. .9r 5. iiorr the tscvlcv Ar. 6Ii ro.r Apollodoros 62.. r3j. t1o. 193 4. t 11. rr. of Munich 24r3 P. 7t7.o-:rrp)r. 169 tiarr. 62i r26 Flcnna. r. Hcrmir. I38 Charmidcs P.iril'. Brir.15d oq Paris Gigdntomachy Il7. 177 Paris. 176 7 Colm.o$.grrr.(p..1.55 6.. 58. Bloe!h l.olectors nrmcd nr rtr..r . pl. I)rmcDsions P.r. Jo Euphronios (p) 9.s. 12.dikos P.. 9j. 16 Illt Fcrreri.rno. Pt. itt 12: i62 3 oidip$ P. ry a. l. I r426. 90. MuscuD) Ar ARt t.66.)doD. r3l-4. r5-r7. rp irsr 4Rr no.r.: ll.l Brygos P. 5J. P. J6r Clevclerd Muscurn of Art 28. t6i 4J-7 Diogcncs Diosphos rjJi zli P. . r... r07. . /i. lronl (lxpul.. 2rl: 56..h. oJ.9.t.r7lj Protc$ur Trcri...rofcsso. rrl. j6 Meilon (p) 17 Mid. ARI.:8.29i 2] (i.. (p) .4. r4o.rn. 1Ef no. roo. rr2 14. I9J..62: io5 6 .ft) qr.4s..ri. 8J Gcla.s /p. 787.31J. 'e6 (p) I7 Hischylos P. 9. fiom SpIr.r. Snadichc Musccn 797. 2o9 is by M:rrion Cox..4Iit. 9r . rol.4Rt7 t!rr..Jn.tR/no"r r. -.r..t.r.Ietrcs iD rhc c. 249 rt4]' 2oZ.'r. 'El 99 (p) eo.r Clallatin L P. rdqrnri.rt t.i z Kachrylion Kares Kiss (p) lr.23t 3t rtE. Ashrrolcan Mu14.Euphronros(p. Agora Ch. of Louvrc G. 159.j j E 66.qrrx.irgmd. Nikoxenos Ciroup of Negro Alxbrstn t t4i Allbastra 6' J Ciroup of I'r. Ashnrolein Mu- 7Nj. 9J-6. 9 62.rt.-r.lm.. Aftcr Borror ri. r6jo... I12. r. I33. lJrirish Mus.agros Croup 36 t. 90. r35i P..pL.ri( V 676. Altcr Furrlv:nlill. tl.. J8.r P.i . Mu\cun) ol Frk Arts 9E.loD. j6 7 j8.4R I. 22. Oxlord.. 2t1: a.rrr oD p. 56.14 ttg ol Fi. Ex.:.1j rt.lRr Cl.-.r. 86 7 Hischylos (p) J8 e Hypsis I jt 4J 1 Hicron Hihros P. 59..n P. Aate. P.u.6l)-r. 262 Cagc P. j A dokides Antimenes 43 Na7(nr...o. 92 3. Iloston. 1Ia i.. I34 ji 2_17 Boot P. Af-tt.:r4 Anriphon P.^/.rl\ . z9t.It r9l. Lcr. . Bcrlin P 56..51.3u1 Ilom P. r.i7)..rfp r8r) {I?l r.llio5t: (. 12. (tA rrsr Loudor. Mus$ Na. r14 Aftff /rdJn[ iii. l4l .j7i:. J9i 82 Briseis P.

.225 6.9d.o. 2ror .thirros 132. :29j 2. /.1. r.2. r85. j9. 2o2.rsiades 3J5 49 I'tov Pt'si. 1to. )11) Midas 233 MiDotrlr 229i /r.2 Ajrx 23r 2i f. lo 2.2. Tityos Penthcus 22j:26 I96. l.59-6oi 88 Snrikros 9.hc 2j2. Herirkles . r:ri 5r. Jr9 JJ7. 2691 scc urdcr rclvcrsarics Thetis 23r. 159. (l)1(.). 2o9 l) S. 2o2 4 Syrrkos (p) e.26t l)ionysos 2i:5 6. rJr. r39-4o. /j6 Nerclds 2ll i 6.rJJ i JZ-5 Medusr scc Mcnrron 2l2i JEi with 158.tt 3r7 his 2r4-6i rjg. wttll 249.2)9.). J7 8r r I rj l..1..2:].nisrlon 766.i. scc A. 2. 1. rnd oidipus 2lo i Jor orcithyia scc 13otcas Orestcs 23o r: Sclene :31 Silcnos 233 Snris r28i r r5. Crctan zz7 Bull. scc MJrpcss.r Salting Sappho 9 Ir4:2ro I.ynranthian r27t 89 Borcxs r24.4... r80: Jr9 2r f istoxcnos (p) e.)rl. j27 An.2 Colgo'rs Eos Poly{c.262-1t Pris foryc ] 71 rcrrn1 Tityos l'[en zz5 6. 22 Satys 1-{ypnos 2::7.280 (Dxnr.r8l.25r 2 Ixion 213 . Pxrcrs r8.1. 221.2o2. r9.29. 304.1. Promcthcus . r. :rE7 Sircns rti.).iJrl otphcns 23at 27 7. with Atalani AtheDa 224 6.1 AgamenrnoD z3o 1: .t Ps). i72.2r6.]: Jo (d 3c. Jj2 I7i 8q Brisels Alkyoncrr 2r7. lrJj r8d 9d P. H$rot . Jr P.8 Idas 3oi id8 Ncrcus 2rj.287 Phallos NcncxD rEJ.r66i birdl Elektra 23o Eos :lo. JJ6 2311 57. 227.r Sisyphos 2i3 INDEX OF I\4YTHOLOGICAL SUBJECTS lndcx to tcxt ofChaptcr Eight only. 16 P. <)1. 1t. 21 3. rliT (Arh. 2qj.\ r7-r8.15.. P. 27i Sylcus r28: . rr1 TclL'phos P. r5a. rrtiror-E P. 169 229.hil1es 223.i . r94i JJ6 9 P. r15. 16. E. and sclcct ligurc nunlbcrs irdli.2t2 Ia 2r.ritirn r33-4.]l... r2d P- 8oi JJo 6(].3o6.kes .9. . r19. ig6. Prianr :tr-i. Zcur.2131 217. 62. t2.h p ladioD rEJ r Helcn ::9. r.n l'oscidon tr:r. 13. rr-l r4j 2oJ 6 l)ri. Krsaudn :3:i rii Kcphalos z3o. 3j.ktaion Aigisthos rlo..2i r Odysseus :47s derd .?. 3r'o 296 Trollos 23I: . r ra t ithos P.. . 62. 17g 226t 129. JJr 27. Atrollo 224 5. zr3i rr2 Thiliarchos P. la.ijf. r r r.:3.ythoD (p) 19.88.1)t(tsl'jru.witlt 25?: 225. r93. . 255-6. r98 Hyllos.23I: 250.22iJ. tr:ji .J01. i'os. rrr: v1' I r.ror.270 Gmymcdc z:. 29.r Jo sce Gi:tDts and 232t 176 tdJJi..dnc 22J.9J.96. 202: Aignri . 2o9'. j7. tl2. 9z.2ll +i rlj d.thr^ 225. 29E Anphitritc 225. r..6. Htr. 'ftlton 176 iz25i . r8o-r.r.o. jo6 Dcianin 227. .). r :]j.71.r0.? Chiron :j1i Z2.:29a rJJ. 233.2.r: laith lrn tj9. 2d2. bird 22oi Aigira Phonlix 23r. 126 Peris z:r. 2j2.. 1u9. /. Klytrinnrcstra 4ot KykDos :27: 6j Tclcphos :lr.2r3l cncc P. P 61 2.1 250 25r . 227t i57. 5. scc Argos and /.E l)rocrnstcs trrili t 17.Dd pdiJn. 59i 8t Hydn :27.r i see Pelcus Tidronos 23o:. rr r. (.i.o7 1'. 2t2. 227-9\ .i.. Sidc Pal ette lekythoi sikanos (p) e P.lason 229 3oi 2oo.tion ro OlvDrpus .r Mlrpesa 22j i JJd Zephyros:to Zc\s zaj 7: JJ. 2o9 Pxn (p) j6 8.. zz..1 erotcs 126./r.?J Anchscs see Aencrs Andnrnra. )0. Troilos rE.9 Er Thali.23r.u Sikclos Sirc P r13.t 1r5. 21-1. 137 l Bull. Sxrpedon rl2. 22. 161.ag:. ' Theseus i Aphroditc 226. with 14i scc Menclaos. 233-4. mour of Aclillcs . zJ. Ericlrthonios Eros.Prnphiios r33. . 6rt (p) 6r r Pc.rrj 6. Sosias Hcraklcs Soshs Sylcus Syriskos sc. .Ji it lurq( r7. Lnros 228i Lion. tz6 Jd Hector 2lr 2: lt. l)emctcr itr6.2J P. J6J 228i 9.1.chostasia Hcspcrdcs :27: Hyrkuthos ::'i. z2i. lo. 309 227..2J K*bcros u:zt Achcloos ::7. .25 t. 2to :j child J6l r6 18/ Jrdgcncnt 3ro rrms JJ2i plays Ajex 2.2:9i 269 Artcnris :24.\.2. r rlt rEj-7 P. . r79. 215. r96 (Ath. Hcraklcs 4d. .rr -itr. Lapid 2ll.JJ 226a 3. 126. r37. 1rri Menelaos 23r 2.2t3t 18 42 Phintias (p) lr. :?06. 104 TripblcDros rphlaston 2'. 2261 151.) aiorgons 22j. )291 62.229. Thetis ir4. rr3 r4.. 288 ljd Odysscus rlr:i r EJ. 31J.2r2i 2ar 292.2ri.2rJ. raiDmac zz9. l?.2]. J.216 ?.1. nr bowlolSuD iori lvith Dionysos . llriseis Anchises Argos 12Ji I6J.:o8. t6r. JZ8 Thebcs (Scvcn) rio i JJI Tlrcscus z:4. r.1 A. K$kopcs z27i Kerkyon 228 l.drrn. rrj Pygmics rll.2 Eurysthcus Iloar.176i ir)trodu.r/9 Adikia rtl tJ5 Aetcas :3 r-z.2ll 2o. Hcrrklcs (irrnts ::26. 35. z33t ij. athlctcs rt tomb roo. 139 2ar Crlydonirn boar z:9 Ccntrurs 227. undcr rdvesxrics Hcrfrcs 22j 6a 61.rcrs rd6j wi.... 13r i:i J-5 Hcphaistos 2:]1..2 j1.r5.9 Pig P. A.97. 354 Skiroh Kxirtcus 2.9j Anrrzons u:7. z3t 371: scc Daloi J/6. 9cl. with HclcD d(xrh r r. r{J. r r4i 2rJ Triprolcnros P.eleus 2i:9. 23ri f. tZ2. j9.132. r9J 6i J7.2lo. Mxrathonirn 228i llusiris 227.I..l 9r ? Tyszkiewicz \ViDchcsrcr Skyrhcs 9. r2. Jd9 l)ikc rt3 DioDrcdcs :3r 2.36.2JE 2j:i Nike tr1. 224.6Ji sct' 27. r91.2J2 Phaia 2:8. l). ire (DioD.]Ji ?r? l)crsclrs Phcidippos 591 79 Eo Phintias 9.2lrj rZr. z3r :. r isee Trollos.r8. J8. Patroklos 223. 1t 8. J.7 u. wjth Helcn loE-r.1 Scheurlco P 59i 6.:. dr rhrax (p) e Tithonos P. r88. Atrhntx 62i /.. NN.2rJr rcrT P.Joi sxcrificcs d: wirh sn.6 )2-1: 7.2 lris /t. .dcs P.

r33. zzz Artists foreigners . r94 J. 30. r9J.88. r4 .\ - G E N E RA L IN D EX (k) : karos Anakreon :19. 2r8.60. Poliirs 30.213 j 8-9 6. 2ro. 29.2r3 Miltiads (k) r8.2ro 7. 89. cor. reliefhair 30.r3 r35. J6. rt2. 17. Six r8. 224.2r4 Foreshorrc Glaukon rl8 40 Mtathon 90. 136 88 t. 16 Satla 228 Bilirguals rJ-r7. rrJ 14. white ground rj. Peis. rr4. 89. r95. r32..90. r3 j. 2.2r3 MenDon (k) j7. r7 r8.st. borders 95. 9. 2r4 Will painting ro. 2rJ East MaeandLJ Creec.atos 90. (k) 2rJ - 29-30 62. 93. Bhck 60. r4-rj. 29.31 2.36. (k) 2r3 JJ. r32. 1t4. . 223.30 89. Technique rr 16. 88. r79 80 ng lr. 2t4 14.12. r80. 36. 234 t2. 3J-6. 2r3 Signatures 62.9 Ife Hipprrchos ro.2r1 (k) lo.6r. rl5. relieflinc . 60.. jJ. t8r. 224 Megakles (k) 36. 6gurc rr-r2.34.136. 93. relef figures j6.89 Panathcnaic amphorae Tr:de rrr-rz. 60. J9. 132-3. 2?2. 1383. J6. Dokinasia r37.jj irr Kimon Leagros 2t3 ro 3a. Sculpturc Shading plays rrr.l-ied r8. rr. r93. r39. JJ-7. 2r4 Florals 15.94-J.

-Ai]i- Athenian Recl FigureVases: The Archaic Period John Boardman. observations' (British Book News) Thames and Hudson rsBN 0-500-a0l.@w0Rt [-r*-}t.. his light touch and his appreciation ofthe needs ofscholars and students text"' alike' (TheTimes Literary Supplement) 'Admirable full of penetrating. 528 illustrations of The qualiry of Greek parnting and the intrinsic interest greater the {igure subjects chosen for depiction were never than iu Athens in tl're {rfty ycars following the invention the of the'red figure' technique in about 53o sc This is period covered by this book. u$lllltiluililfi .rrl9401695 96.'Once more one is grateful to the author for master\ organization ofthe material. a sequel to Athenian Bldck Lincoln Figure Vases also written by John Boardrnan' Art in Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology and his Oxford.00 i. . often clever.