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Port Development Scenario of Myanmar

Speaker
MYA THAN Chief Civil Engineer Myanma Port authority

CONTENTS
o Ports of Myanmar o Present Situation of Yangon Port o Future Port Development Plan o Port Expansion at Thilawa Area o Conceptual Plan for Yangon Port Expansion at the Opposite side of Existing Terminals o Improvement of Yangon River Access Channel o Deep Sea Port Project o Conclusion

Ports of Myanmar

Myanma Port Authority


SITTWE KYAUKPYU

Port Yangon Sittwe Kyaukphu Thandwe Pathein

Region/State Yangon Rakhine Ayeyarwady

THANDWE YANGON PATHEIN MAWLAMYINE

DAWEI

Mawlamyine Mon Dawei Myeik Kawthoung Tanintharyi

MYEIK

KAWTHOUNG

Myanma Port Authority

8 May 2013

Present Situation of Yangon Port

Port of Yangon

The Port of Yangon which is the river port and premier port of Myanmar, lies along the Yangon river bank at the Yangon city side.

Yangon Port & River Estuary


YANGON

Latitude

16 H47' N Yangon Port to Thilawa Port 16 Km 32 Km 32 Km Yangon Port to Elephant Point Elephant Point to Pilot Station

Longitude 96 H15' E

THILAWA PORT AREA

All vessels calling to the Yangon Port, pilotage is compulsory if they are over 200 GRT. Tidal Range (The average tidal range ) tide about 19.3 feet (5.85 m) at spring

ELEPHANT pt.

- about 8.4 feet (2.55 m) at neap tide Current Velocity - 4 to 6 knots

Location of Terminals and ICD at Yangon Inner Harbour


HOB HPT AWPT

International Wharf Inland Container Depot (ICD)

- 18 3

ICD I & II

Monkey Point

Bo Aung Gyaw Street Wharf - BSW Myanmar Industrial Port - MIP Htedan Port Terminal - HPT Asia World Port Terminal - AWPT Sule Pagoda Wharf - SPW Hteedan Oil Berth - HOB

International Wharves at Thilawa


YANGON RIVER YANGON BAGO RIVER

INNERBAR

Liffey SECONDARY CHANNEL Chokey pt. THILAWA PORT AREA

Main Channel d Silva Pt.

Kyauktan Creek

THANTE
-10

ELEPHANT pt.
-3

-5

EASTEN GROVE FLATS

OUTER BAR MIPL MITT

International Wharves
International wharves o Yangon Port - 18 wharves o Thilawa Port - 6 wharves Total - 24 wharves

Facilities of International Wharves


No
Name Type of Terminals Quay Length (meter) Apron Width (meter) Vessel DWT Back Up Area (acre)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

SPW (1) SPW (2) SPW (3) SPW (4) SPW (5) SPW (6) SPW (7) BSW (1) BSW (2) BSW (3) AWPT (1) AWPT (2) AWPT (3)

GC

137 137 137 137 168 162 162 137 137

12.2 12.2 12.2 1040 12.2 15.2 15.2 15.2 15.2 457 30.0 30.5 156 614 30.5

15000 15000 15000 15000 15000 15000 15000 15000 15.2 15000 15000 19.5 15000 15000 15000

37.78

GC/Container 183 198 GC/Container 260

24.37

30.00

Facilities of International Wharves


No
Name Type of Terminals Quay Length (meter) Apron Width (meter) Vessel DWT Back Up Area (acre)

14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

MIP (1) MIP (2) HOB HPT (2) HPT(3) MITT (1) MITT (2) MITT (3) MITT (4) MITT (5) MIPL

GC/Container Edible Oil GC/Container

155 310 155 120 213 213 200 200

18.0 18.0 15.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 1000 30.0 30.0 30.0 17.0

12000 17.36 12000 5000 15000 15000 20000 20000 20000 20000 20000 20000 37 185 0.88

GC/Container

200 200 200

GC/Liquid bulk

200

Public and Private Ownership Ratio of Port Facilities

General Cargo Handled in Port of Yangon


No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Year 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 (Up to November) Import 6005 5191 5208 5514 5623 6240 6150 9492 12307 14461 8627 (M.ton in thousand) Export Total 4835 10,840 4609 9,800 4773 9,981 4725 10,239 5332 10,955 5619 11,859 6166 12,316 6655 16,147 6131 18,438 7261 21,722 5099 13,726

Main Export Commodities - Timber, Pulses, Rice and Rice Products, Yellow Maize, Fishery Products Main Import Commodities - Construction Materials, Machinery and Equipments, Fertilizer, Crude Oil, Palm Oil, Wheat Grain, Cement

Volume of Container Handled in Port of Yangon


(M.ton in thousand)
No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Year 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
(Up to November)

Import 97.573 86.867 78.223 86.130 99.942 115.267 133.712 152.077 175.315 207.540 149.430

Export 98.140 86.457 77.361 85.775 97.337 111.236 130.294 151.333 171.327 200.503 154.721

Total (TEU) 195.713 173.324 155.584 171.905 197.279 226.503 264.006 303.410 346.642 408.043 304.151

Total (M.T in thousand) 2838.689 2676.184 2664.521 2606.160 3148.045 3462.489 3937.131 4372.025 4571.902 5594.589 3944.733
17

S. N 1 2 3 4 5 6

F. Year 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008

MPA 352 331 378 366 369 441 406 654 656 639 359

MITT 156 115 119 113 127 163 172 214 267 245 135

AWPT 167 172 162 192 233 267 324 380 373 354 172

MIPL 21 31 27 25 29 29 32 43 48 38 53

MIP 10 43 64 98 91 68 84 93 139 137 106

MOGE 12 77 96 96 84 124 120 108 73 74 60

MPE 222 186 210 173 168 173 150 106 88 112 85

HO B 11 16 31 39 52 28 1 31 89 39

HPT 11 11 76

LPM 100 137 73

Total 951 971 1087 1102 1153 1293 1289 1598 1775 1836 1158

7 2008-2009 8 9 2009-2010 2010-2011

10 2011-2012 11 2012-2013 (Up to November)

Future Port Development Plan

Location Map for Future Port Development at Yangon Inner Harbour Area
HOB

AWPT

Expected Area for Development of International Port/Terminals

Existing Port/Terminals

ICD I & II

(1)Expansion of back-up area of Botataung foreshore by constructing revetment and reclamation for implementation of the recreational and commercial buildings at the premises.

(2)Upgrading

of

the

Nanthidar

and

Pansodan-Dala

Passenger jetties as

Modernized Passenger terminal,

development and construction of Modernized Commercial Buildings at back-up area.

900 ay 275 ay 525 ay 875 ay

Upgrading

and

Renovation

of

Sule

no(1),(2),(3)and

(4)wharves as a multi-purpose terminal to be accommodated international general/ container cargo vessels

Upgrading of the local jetties as International Inland Port Terminals, development and reconstruction of infrastructures as modernized commercial buildings at Lanmadaw Foreshore Area , between Ywarthit Creek and Sintoodan Jetty.

Port Expansion at Thilawa Area

Port Expansion at Thilawa Area


With the growth of maritime trade under the market oriented trade policy allowing foreign and local
YANGON

private investments to participate in the country economy, the cargo throughput is increasing considerThilawa Port

ably since 1988 reaching the optimal limit of the Yangon Port capacity. Thereafter, Thilawa area which was located some 16km downstream of present Yangon Port has been earmarked to expand port.

Thilawa Port Development Projects

For developing of port, 37 plots of water front land area were allocated. Each plot of land has 15 hectares (37 acres) by measuring uniform quay length of 200m and 750m land ward. Recent development of commercial ports are implemented by foreign and local investors in term of BOT and JV basic at Thilawa Area.

Land Plot Allocation for Development of Ports at Thilawa Area


12 3

4 5

67

89 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

1. Developed 2.Under Construction (GC Terminal) 3.Under Construction (Tanker Berth) 4.Under Construction (Grains Terminal) 5. Reserved

10 Plot 4 Plot 11 Plot 4 Plot 8 Plot

34 35 36 37

Thilawa Port Development Plan by ODA Loan

Conceptual Plan for Yangon Port Expansion at the Opposite side of Existing Terminals

Conceptual Plan for Yangon Port at Dala and Kings Bank Foreshore Area

32

33

Conceptual Plan for Yangon Port at Elephant Point Foreshore Area

34

Conceptual Plan for Yangon Port at Elephant Point Foreshore Area

35

Improvement Of Yangon River Access Channel

Improvement of Yangon River Access Channel

YANGON Inner Bar THILAWA PORT

Yangon River Access Channel


Along the access channel, there are two constraint areas (shallow water area) namely Inner Bar and Outer Bar which were main obstacles for restricting of the size and draft of vessel calling to Yangon and Thilawa Ports. Available water depth at Inner Bar near Monkey Point below chart datum is about 4.5m and at Outer Bar near Elephant Point is only about 5m.

Outer Bar ELEPHANT POINT

Improvement of Yangon River Access Channel and Its Associated Port Facilities o
All vessels calling to the Yangon Port and Thilawa Port have generally been sailing on flood tides and crossing to both Inner Bar and Outer Bar at near high tide to assure sufficient water depths. Daily maintenance dredging has been carrying out to attain sufficient water depth at Inner bar and reallocation of navigation buoys has occasionally been undertaking at Outer bar. In view of natural condition and meanderings of Yangon River, Yangon Port can be accessible to vessel of 167m LOA, 9m draft, 15,000 DWT and vessel of 200m LOA, 9m draft, 20,000 DWT at Thilawa Port. To cope with the growth of the seaborne cargo traffic and to lessen of logistics cost in maritime trades by providing of accessibility for bigger vessels to call at Yangon Port, MPA is taking initiatives to improve the Yangon River access channel.

Deep Sea Port Projects

DEEP SEA PORT PROJECTS IN MYANMAR


Naaf River

KYAUKPYU

o Myanmar coast line started from Naaf River to Bayint Naung Point is demarcated into (3) sections as follows: Rakhine Coast - 713 Km Delta Coast - 437 Km Tanintharyi Coast - 1078 Km Total - 2228 Km o All existing ports of Myanmar including Yangon Port are river ports and not deep enough for larger conventional and container vessels. o To cope with the growth of the maritime trade volume after adoption of the market oriented economy of the country and the regional demand of larger vessels for seaborne traffic, the government laid down the plan to develop Deep Sea Commercial Ports at suitable sites along the coast of Myanmar.

KALEGAUK

DAWEI

Bayint Naung Point

DEEP SEA PORT PROJECTS IN MYANMAR

KYAUKPYU

There are potential areas to develop Ports -

Deep Sea

Kyaukpyu Deep Sea Port at Rakhine State in the West Coast. Kalagauk Coast. Dawei Special Economic Zone together with Deep Sea Port at Tanintharyi Region in the South Coast. Deep Sea Port between
DAWEI KALAGAUK

Mawlamyine and Ye Region at in the South

Kyaukpyu Deep Sea Port Project


Location Made Island., 11.2 km S/E of Kyaukphu Geographical Position 19 H 22'.6 N, 93 H 40'.8 E Approach channel Sittwe LAD 24 m, Tidal Range 2~2.7m Habour Area LAD 20 m, Sea Room 1000 m ~ 1600 m Prosperity o Most appropriate approach to cope western corridor. o Save sailing distance about 5000 Km compare with existing sea route through Malacca Strait to China East Coast. o Main Outlet of ocean route for land locked regions' trade. o Opportunity for transporting of Container, General Cargoes, Crude Oil and Gas. o Shortest trade route from India to China.

Kyaukpyu

Made Is.

Deep Sea Commercial Port and Oil and Gas Terminal (Proposed Site)

1550 meter (Deep Sea Port Project)

Made Island

800 meter (Petro-China , Oil Terminal )

o Total length of water front is 2350 meters and total backup area covered 4390 acres. o Least available depth is 30 meters o 800 meters at Southern part of Island is allocated for Oil and Gas Terminal o 1550 meters at Northern part of Island is allocated for Commercial Deep Sea Port

Sites for Oil Port and Terminal Conceptual Image Potential of Kyaukpyu Gas Terminal

T1 T8

T1 - 6 Nos T2 - 10 Nos T3 - 3 Nos T4 - 1 No T5 - 1 No The T6 construction - 2 Nos T7 - 2 Nos on completed T8 - 10 Nos oil accommodate T9 - 6 Nos

T2 T3 T4 T5

T6 T7 T9
MADE Island

Oil Terminal of the Oil and Gas Terminal is Construction) expected to be (Under December 2012. Oil and Gas Terminal can tankers of 300,000 tons DWT with a draft of 26 meter, LOA 300 meter and 60 meter width.

Kalagauk Deep Sea Port Project


Location Between Mawlamyine and Ye in Mon State. Geographical Position 15 H 32' N, 97 H 38' E Approach channel LAD 15 m, Tidal Range 3~5m Habour Area LAD 18 m, Sea Room 4.8 Km Prosperity o West-East Economic Corridor Working Group has identified to develop deep sea port supporting with industrial estate at Kalagauk area where it was stretched and covered between Mawlamyine and Ye coast line in Mon State. o West-East Economic Corridor (WEC) route will act as a land bridge linking India Ocean in the Pacific, cutting the distance of the conventional circuitous sea route passing the Malacca Strait by almost two third. o The Project will certainly benefit the countries alone the corridor such as Vietnam, Lao, Cambodia, Thailand and China as well. o Development of deep sea port will serve access port as a gate way of WEC at west side. o So, it will be realistic to conduct feasibility study on development of said project

Thailand

KALAGAUK

Dawei Deep Sea Port Project


Location Lies at Nabule Area, north-west of Dawei City. Geographical Position 13 H 48'.5 N, 98 H 04' E Approach channel LAD 15 m, Tide Range 5m Habour Area LAD 15 m Sea Room 3.2 Km Prosperity
Dawei Area as a hub connecting to GMS, South and South East Asia countries. Industry, Tourism, Fisheries, Mining and Energy
8 May 2013 47

Nabule

Dawei

Nabule

Scope of Project
1. Dawei Deep Sea Port

Maungmagan Dawei

2. Ship Yard 3. Industrial Estate 4. Petro-Chemical Complex 5. Oil Refinery Plant

Dawei River

6. Steel Mill 7. Fertilizer Plant 8. Power Plant 9. Road and Rail Link to Thailand

Location of Project along Tanintharyi Coast

10. Oil and Gas Pipeline

Dawei Special Economic Zone Project

49 49

DAWEI COMPLEX MAIN ACCESS ROAD


PORT ADMINISTRATION COMPLEX

TUG HARBOR

LNG LNG TERMINAL

LOGISTICS HUB

SILO AND STORAGE


ROAD CORRIDOR

OUTER HARBOR (D=16m)


LIQUID BULK

FERTILIZER

CONTAINER TERMINALS

GENERAL CARGO AREA FOR FUTURE PORT EXPANSION

INNER HARBOR PRIMARY BASIN (D=16m) GENERAL CARGO FERTILIZER

500

Number of Berths
CONTAINERS: 2 GENERAL CARGO: 7 THERMAL COAL: 0 FERTILIZER: 1 STEEL MILL DRY BULK: 2 LIQUID BULK: 5 LNG BERTH: 2 TOTAL = 19 BERTHS

1300 COAL FIRED POWER PLANT STEEL MILL STEEL MILL

STAGE 1 PORT DEVELOPMENT


50

Port Layout Plan


Oil/Gas & Petrochemical

Transportation Corridor Tug Harbor


Port Admin and DDC Complex

Government Complex General Cargo Logistics Hub Silo & Storage

Outer Harbor (D=-14m)

LNG Terminal (700m x 1300m)

Secondary Basin (D=-12.5m)

Fertilizer Fertilizer

Container Terminals

Primary Basin (D=-16m)


Thermal Coal General Cargo

Shipyard

Coal-Fired Power Plants

Steel Mill

Deepwater Port Area = 10.097 km2 port First phase deepwater Second and Full phase
Investment amount THB 45,000 Million deepwater port Investment amount THB 32,500 Million
51

Number of Berths In Phase I, II at Dawei Deep Sea Port


Cargo Type Phase I Inner Harbor Containers General Cargo Fertilizer Thermal Coal 2 7 1 N/A Outer Harbor Steel Mill Dry Bulk Liquid Bulk LNG TOTAL 2 5 2 19 5 8 2 54 8 28 1 2 Phase II

Conclusion
o In Order, to achieve sustained economic

development of the country, market-oriented economy has already been lunched and

appropriate measures for economic reforms and liberalization were also initiated o For the all round development of Port Sector, the investors are warmly welcome

Thank You for Your Kind Attention