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Scientific Journal of Information Engineering

December 2013, Volume 3, Issue 6, PP.116-121

NON-Equidistant GM (1, 1) Direct Model and


Its Optimization
Kefang Zeng, Yong Wei, Xiaoqiang Luo
College of Mathematics and Information, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan 637002, China

Email: 3306866@163.com

Abstract
According to the non-equidistant sequence in non-homogeneous index form, the non-equidistant GM(1,1) direct model was
constructed by the original sequence. And the new non-equidistant GM(1,1) direct model was established by combining
simultaneous optimization of background value and grey derivative with using average relative error minimum to determine the
response coefficient. Through analyzing the examples, it illustrates the feasibility and effectiveness of the new optimization model.
Keywords: Non-equal Interval; Direct Modeling; Non-homogeneous; Response Coefficient; Grey Derivative

GM(1,1)*

637002

GM(1,1)

GM(1,1)

GM(1,1)

GM(1,1)[1]
[2-3][4-6][7][8-9] [10][11]
0
GM(1,1) x k pemki q

GM(1,1)

0
0
x ki x ki 1

ki ki 1

0
0
az ki b x ki

dx
0
x ki

0 t

dt

t k
i

mpemki GM(1,1)

mpemki a pemki q b
GM(11) Lingo
*

2008JY0112
P09264

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GM(1,1)

1 GM(11)
GM(11) p

1.1

ki ki 1
i 2,3,

emki1 emki

0
0
0
1 X x k1 , x k2 ,
0
0
x ki x ki 1

0
0
x ki 1 x ki

0
, x kn ki ki ki 1 const

1 0
0
0
0
az ki b GM(1,1) z (ki ) x (ki ) x (ki 1 ) ,
2

,n

0
dx
dt

t ki

0
ax ki b

GM11

1.2

1.2.1
t ki

0
dx
dt

t ki

0
0
x ki x ki 1

ki ki 1

GM(1,1)

0
0
0
z k x k pemki q [12] x k

0
dx t

dt

t ki mpemki

ln ki ki 1 ln A ki 1 ki
0
x ki pemki q [3] m

ki 1 ki 1
0
0
x ki x ki 1
0
q x ki pemki A

0
0
x ki 1 x ki

1.2.2 a, b c

0
0
0
1 X x k1 , x k2 ,

0
, x kn ki ki ki 1 const

dx
0
0
x ki pemki q x ki

GM(1,1) mpemki a pemki q b


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0 t

dt

t k
i

mpemki

1 a a, b

pemk2 q
mpemk2

mk3
pemk3 q
Y mpe
B

mk
pemkn1 q
mpe n1

1
1

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a a, b BT B
T

0
dx
dt

t ki

1 T

B Y

b
0
0
ax ki b x t ceat
a

b
0
x ki ceaki , k 2,3,
a

,n

c
b
0
ce aki x ki
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0

n
x ki x ki
1
1
a
min
min

0
0
c n 1 k 2
c n 1 k 2
x ki
x ki
n

Lingo c
1.3 GM1,1
0
1 x ki pemki q GM(1,1)
b
a m c p q
a
0

X pemk1 q, pemk2 q, , pemkn q

1 a BT B

BT Y

pemk2 q
mpemk2

mk3
pemk3 q
mpe
Y
B

mpemkn1
pemkn1 q

BT B

1
1

BT B
T
B B
1

2
n1
mk
pe i q
BT B i n21

mki
pe q
i 2

n 1

i 2

pe q

n2

mki

n1

B B n 2 pe
T

i 2

mki

n1

pemki q
i 2

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B B
T

a a, b BT B

1 T

n2

n 1

mki
pe q
i 2

ni12 pemk q 2

i 2

n 1

pemk q
i

B Y m, mq
b
a m b mq b aq q
a
T

0
0
1 n x ki x ki
1 n
b
a m q c f (c)

0
n 1 k 2
n 1 k 2
a
x k

ce aki

b
pemki q
a

pe aki

1 n
f ( p)

n 1 k 2

pemki q

b
pemki q
a

pemki q

0 min f c c p

GM(1,1)

2
[1][2]

1[2] 1 [13]
GM(1,1) 1

GM(1,1) 2
[1]

[2][2] 2-9
2 GM(1,1)

1 -1

-1
T

100

130

170

210

240

270

310

340

380

560

557.54

536.10

516.10

505.60

486.10

467.40

453.80

436.40

2 [1][2]

[2]

/%

/%

/%

/%

100

560

130

557.54

1058.4

89.83

575.88

3.289

547.9446

1.72

549.8089

1.39

170

536.10

637.6

18.93

538.35

0.419

531.3291

0.89

533.2654

0.53

210

516.10

608.0

17.81

517.55

0.282

514.0730

0.39

516.0839

0.00

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240

505.6

437.5

13.47

500.01

1.106

500.6956

0.97

502.7644

0.56

270

486.1

422.2

13.15

485.45

0.134

486.9332

0.17

489.0615

0.61

310

467.4

540.1

15.55

469.02

0.346

467.9651

0.12

470.1755

0.59

340

453.8

388.6

14.37

453.11

0.151

453.2606

0.12

455.5346

0.38

380

436.4

497.1

13.90

437.78

0.315

432.9941

0.78

435.3558

0.24

/%

24.63

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[13][2][2]3

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GM(1,1)
GM(1,1)

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[2] Wang Z X, Wu C D, Shi X R. A grey model for non-equidistant Sequence [J]. Mathematics in Practice and Theory, 2003, 33(10):
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[3] Kang X Q, Wei Y. A new optimized method of non-equigap GM (1, 1) model [J].The Journal of Grey System, 2008, 20(4): 375-382
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Journal of Management Science, 2008, 16(4): 159-161


[10] Zhang L S, Wang F X. Optimizes Grey Derivative of Unequal Interval Grey GM (1, 1) Model [J]. Mathematics in Practice and
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[11] L Z Cui, S F Liu, Z P Wu. Non-equidistance GM (1, 1) model of optimizing the time response function [J]. Statistics and Decision,
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[12] Zhang Y, Wei Y, Zhou P. Improving grey derivative in GM (1, 1) [J]. The Journal of Grey System, 2006, 18(4):375-380
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Control [J]. Journal of Mechanical Strength, 1999, 18(3), 60-63

1990-

1957-

1992

Email: 13518286097@163.com

1997

Email: 3306866@163.com
3

1988-

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