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Caring for the world’s poor.

By team TWIN:
JYOTSNA SINGH
ABHISHEK DEVGAN
SHIKHA SINGH
MEENU SINGH
ARPITA PALIT
SMRIDDHI
NAMITA R.
THE MESIAH
• A true patron of love,
and brotherhood.
• Lived a life for
changing lives of
million others.
• Listened to God’s
Commands to help
destitutes.
Early life of saint of gutters
• Born in Eastern Europe to Albanian
parents.
• Had a tragic childhood, as she lost her
father at a very young age.
• Named as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu by her
parents.
• Left home at young age of 18 in 1928 to
give her life for the service of Jesus.
• Never again saw her mother and older
sister Age.
Beginning of a new Life
• Joined the religious order of the Sister of
Loreto.
• Selected as one of the postulates to be
trained and sent to India.
• Spent two months in Ireland studying
English, performing some kind of manual
labor around the convent or taking part in
the Divine Offices.
• Keen to serve as a young postulate and
teach girls at India.
First impressions of India
• Left Ireland on 1st December 1928, to reach
India.
• Spent 1 months of tiresome journey on ship and
reached Madras in January 1929.
• Shocked to the depths of her being by the
indescribable poverty.
• Following a brief stopover in Calcutta set off up
the Ganges River to Darjeeling, in the foothills of
the Himalayas,where the Loreto Sisters
maintained a convent and school.
Novice: Agnes to Teresa
• On May 23, 1929, Agnes officially became
novice, the next stage after postulant in
the process of becoming a nun.
• To mark this important occasion Agnes
took the name of Teresa, after St. Thérèse
of Lisieux, a French nun from the
Carmelite order.
• In May 1931, Teresa graduated from her
novitiate and took her first vows as a
Sister of Loreto.
Contd…
• Took vows of obedience, chastity, and
poverty.
• After taking her vows, Sister Teresa was
assigned to teach in the Loreto convent
school at Darjeeling.
• Taught various subjects to upper middle
class Indian and British girls at Loreto
Convent school in Calcutta & Darjeeling.
• Promoted as Principal of Loreto Convent
calcutta.
Calcutta, War & Sister Teresa
• World War II shows its devastating signs
in Calcutta.
• Burma is taken over by Japanese troops
as a result thousands of people take
refugee in Calcutta.
• The normal life at city is broken due to
military control by Britishers.
• The freedom struggle also became
intense.
Contd..
• In the meantime city witness religious riots
between Hindus and Muslims over the
creation of East Pakistan.
• The entire city faces big famine and the
prices of food skyrocketed.
• As a result thousands of people died on
streets due to hunger, poverty and war.
• These deaths create a huge impact over
the tender mind of Sister Teresa.
A call within a call
• “On September 10, 1946, Mother Teresa was on
the night train from Calcutta to the Loreto
Sisters’ Himalayan retreat atDarjeeling, when
she suddenly heard a voice “speaking in her
heart.”24 It was a heavenly summons, she
believed: God was calling her to give up the
comfortable world of the Loreto convent to live
and labor in the slums of Calcutta At first, Teresa
had mixed feelings about what she would later
describe as her “call within a call ”*
• *According to Biographer Anne Sebba
Incubation of Missionary of Charity
• Convinced by her call to serve the poorest
of poor Mother Teresa outlined her plan to
the Archbishop of Calcutta.
• Plan was to resign from the Sisters of
Loreto order and establish a new
missionary order dedicated to serving “the
poorest of the poor.”
• At the end of 1947, Archbishop Perier
allowed her to write to the head of the
Loreto Sisters in Ireland to request her
release from the order.
Contd..
• Relived from the sisters of loreto order in
1948 and was permitted to labor and live
in Calcutta’s slums as a vowed nun for a
probationary period of one year.
Getting Started
• On August 17, 1948, Mother Teresa
exchanged the heavy black habit of the
Sisters of Loreto for a simple white sari
with blue trim.
• Before beginning her mission to the
“poorest of the poor,” she obtained some
basic medical training from Patna.
• Mother Teresa started her new enterprise
in Moti Jheel just as India was launching
its new life as an independent country.
Contd…
• By the end of 1948, when Teresa embarked on her
mission of mercy, “Calcutta had the lowest life
expectancy rate in the world.
• She took courage from following verses of Bible “In
Him who is the source of my strength I have strength
for everything.”
• Saw the need of School in the slums of Moti Jheel
• Had neither a building nor supplies, taught her young
pupils in a small open area among the rows of hovels,
using a stick to trace the Bengali alphabet on the
ground.
Contd…
• Each day, her makeshift school attracted a few
more students.
• Encouraged Teresa started visiting Catholic
churches and charitable societies to solicit
donations for her undertaking.
• In some time Mother Teresa had collected
enough money to rent space in a local building
and purchase desks, blackboards, and books.
• Just a few weeks after she first walked into Moti
Jheel, she had more than 50 pupils and several
volunteer teachers to assist her in instructing
them.
Contd…
• Mother Teresa’s work in Calcutta’s slums was
off to an impressive start, but she was not
satisfied.
• With the Moti Jheel school up and running, she
opened a second free school in the even more
notorious slum of Tiljala.
• Opened a medical dispensary in a room
provided to her by St. Teresa’s Church, near
Moti Jheel.
• To keep her dispensary well stocked with
medicine, she relied on donations from nearby
pharmacies.
The Missionaries of Charity
• By late 1949, Mother Teresa’s year of probation
had come to an end. Nearly a dozen followers
now lived with her & assisted her work with
Calcutta’s poorest citizens.
• On October 7, 1950, she received papal
approval as a new congregation called
“Missionaries of Charity”.
• Each member of this order including Mother
Teresa kept her worldly belongings to a bare
minimum: 3 cotton saris,1 of sandals, a crucifix
and rosary, an umbrella for the monsoon
season, 1 bucket for washing, and a thin straw-
filled pad to sleep on.
Nirmal Hirday
• Moved by the sight of an old leprosy
patient lying on the streets her foot eaten
by rats she opened nirmal hirday.
• A house for sick and ailing leprosy
patients and destitutes.
• Formed mobile clinics to dispense drugs
to other leprosy patients in various slums
of calcutta.
• Opened dedicated homes for aliling old
patients so that they can die peacefully.
Ministering to calcutta’s abandoned
• Within a year of opening Nirmal Hriday, she
embarked on another charitable project in
Calcutta, the Shishu Bhavan home for
abandoned and orphaned children.
• By 1958 Shishu Bhavan was home to nearly
100 boys and girls.
• Taught the residents of shishu bhavan
various subjects and other vocational skills
like weaving.
Moving Beyond Calcutta
• In 1960, the Missionaries of Charity,which
now included more than 100 members
opened branch in slum ridden city of Ranchi.
• She quickly opened houses in a host of other
Indian locations, including Jhansi, Ambala,
Patna, and Bombay.
• In Delhi, India’s capital, she founded a home
for abandoned and orphaned children
modeled after Shishu Bhawan.
Becoming an international figure
• In February 1965, after four years of determined
campaigning by Mother Teresa the order came
in direct control of Vatican City.
• Within six months of coming under Vatican
jurisdiction, the Missionaries of Charity
established their first house outside of India in
the Venezuelan diocese of Barquisimeto.
• It was soon followed by invitations to found
missions in a number of locations around the
globe, from Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), African
nation of Tanzania, Jordan,& Australia.
Contd…
• In these far-flung places, the Missionaries
of Charities tirelessly devoted themselves
to aiding the destitute, the diseased, the
abandoned, and the dying.
• Opened centers of recruitment in London,
Rome and Europe.
• Opened another branch of the order in
Baltic.
Missionaries Brothers of Charity
• Formed a male branch of her religious
order in 1963,known as Missionary
Brothers of Charity.
• Following in Mother Teresa’s footsteps, by
the early 1970s,the Brothers of Charity
had taken their mission to the poor beyond
India’s borders.
• Their first foreign venture was in the war-
ravaged country of Vietnam, where they
established a house in Saigon in early
1973 to feed and shelter the city’s
destitute.
Mother’s growing Fame
• In 1971,Pope Paul VI presented her with
the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize.
• Three other major awards followed that
same year:
• The Good Samaritan Award of the
National Catholic Development
Conference.
• The John F. Kennedy International Award
• An honorary degree from the Catholic
University of America.
Contd…
• In 1972, the Indian government honored
her with the Nehru Award for International
Understanding.
• In 1973 Prince Philip of England awarded
her the Templeton Award for Progress in
Religion.
• Nominated for Nobel Prize for peace in
1972, 194, 1975, 1978 & 1979.
And the Nobel
• Mother Teresa was awarded the 1979
Nobel Peace Prize, which she accepted
“in the name of the poor, the hungry, the
sick and the lonely.
• Mother Teresa accepted the Nobel Peace
Prize and the $190,000 check.
• An additional $6,000 was also donated to
the poor of Calcutta by the Nobel
Committee.
Jewel of India
• Three months after receiving the Nobel
Peace Prize, Mother Teresa was awarded
India’s ultimate civilian honor, the Bharat
Ratna,or “Jewel of India
• Truly she was the jewel of India as she
gave so much to true India: the sick, poor,
ailing and destitutes.
And Finally the spark ends…
• After two months on bed the bright spark
finally faded away on 5th September 1997.
• Her funeral witnessed various national and
international leaders besides religious
clerics.
• Mother Teresa was honored with an
Indian state funeral.
Our learnings
• Self awareness and the awareness of our
inner aspirations are the first step to
achieve our inner goal.
• Self reliance and empathy are great tools
for success .
• Once we are clear and determined to
achieve what we want we can definitely
achieve it.
Contd…
• Without self belief we can not persuade
others to collaborate with us to achieve
our dreams.
• We should recognise our call within calls,
i.e. our core competency arear where no
one can beat us and do it, at every cost as
we are bound to succeed.
• We should derive strength in initial tough
phases by self confidence, faith on God
and self belief.
Contd…
• Nothing is unreachable and no goal is
unbeatable if we utilise our true potential.
• Nurturing our dreams and working towards
their fulfillment gives us true happiness.
• Self development is prerequisite to become
successful.
• Good Interpersonal skills help us to achieve
goals easily.
Refrences
• Louise Chipley Salavicek-Caring for the
world’s poor.Chelesa House Pub.1995
• Anne Sebba- MotherTeresa: Beyond the
Image. NewYork: Doubleday, 1997.
• Eileen Egan- Such a Vision of the Street:
MotherTeresa—The Spirit and the Work.
Garden City, N.Y.:Doubleday, 1985.
• Scott- A Revolution of Love

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