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2007 4.

(a) A particle slides down a rough plane inclined at 45o to the horizontal. The coefficient of friction between the particle and the plane is 3 4. Find the time of descending a distance 4 metres from rest. SOLUTION
a

m=

3 4

4m

m
2

45

45o
1 2

mg

45o

m is the mass of the particle. FNet = ma y direction: R 1 1 mg = m(0) R = mg 2 2 P = mR

3 1 3mg P = mR = mg = 4 2 4 2 x direction: 1 mg P = ma 2 mg 3mg = ma 2 4 2 g m s 2 = a 4 2


2 s = ut + 1 2 at

u = 0 m s 2 g a= m s 2 4 2 s=4 m t =?

1 g 2 t 4 = (0)t + 24 2 t = 32 2 = 2.15 s g

Kieran Mills & Tony Kelly (www.studentxpress.ie)

(b) A light inextensible string passes over a small fixed pulley A, under a small moveable pulley B, of mass m kg, and then over a second small fixed pulley C. C A A particle of mass 4 kg is attached to one end of the string and a particle of mass 6 kg is attached B to the other end. The system is released from rest. 4 kg (i) On separate diagrams show the forces 6 kg acting on each particle and on the moveable pulley B. (ii) Find, in terms of m, the tension in the string. (iii) If m = 9.6 kg prove that pulley B will remain at rest while the two particles are in motion. SOLUTION (i)
1a 2

+1 2b

T m a 4 kg T

T W2 = mg W3 = 6g 6 kg

W1 = 4g

Draw separate forces on each particle and the movable pulley. (ii) FNet = ma 4 kg particle: T W1 = 4a T 4 g = 4a...(1) m kg pulley: W2 2T = m 1 2 ( a + b) mg 2T = 1 2 m( a + b)...( 2) 6 kg particle: T W3 = 6b T 6 g = 6b...(3)

Kieran Mills & Tony Kelly (www.studentxpress.ie)

T 4 g = 4a...(1) a=1 4T g T 6 g = 6b...(3) b=1 6T g

mg 2T = 1 2 m( a + b)...( 2)
1 1 mg 2T = 1 2 m( 4 T g + 6 T g ) 5 mg 2T = 1 2 m( 12 T 2 g ) 5 2mg 4T = 12 mT 2mg

24mg 48T = 5mT 24mg 48mg = 5mT + 48T 48mg = (5m + 48)T 48mg T = 5m + 48

(iii) m = 9.6 kg: T = FNet

48mg 48(9.6) g = = 4.8 g N 5m + 48 5(9.6) + 48 = 2T mg = 2(4.8 g ) 9.6 g = 0

The net force on the pulley is zero. Therefore, its acceleration is zero which means it will stay at rest.
2 1 a=1 4 T g = 4 ( 4.8 g ) g = 0.2 g m s

2 1 b= 1 6 T g = 6 ( 4.8 g ) g = 0.2 g m s

Both particles have an acceleration which means they are in motion.

Kieran Mills & Tony Kelly (www.studentxpress.ie)