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Dissection Discussion Guide - Digestive System

Name ________________________________

1. The organism that I initially dissected was the _________________________________. 2. A ter analy!ing your organism" list the #arts and organs that are involved in your system o study $elow and descri$e each unction o each organ that is involved in the digestive system.

%. &ow does your organism o$tain ood' (e s#eci ic.

). *here and how is ood digested in your organism' (e a$le to trace the #athway needed or digestion.

+. *here and how are nutrients a$sor$ed'

,. *here and how are ood and waste eliminated'

-. This organism has evolved rom a #revious ancestor to #osses this s#eci ic anatomy. Thin. a$out your ocus system. *hy is this #articular system advantageous or this s#eci ic organism to have' /rovide evidence and reasoning to su##ort your thin.ing.

0. 1eturn to your dissection grou#. 2. Discuss how your team $elieves all o the systems 3digestive" res#iratory" circulatory and re#roductive4 are connected to one another in your organism. 1ecord your notes $elow.

Dissection Discussion Guide - 5irculatory System

Name6 _______________________________

1. The organism that I initially dissected was the _________________________________. 2. A ter analy!ing your organism" list the #arts and organs that are involved in your system o study $elow and descri$e each unction o each organ that is involved in the circulatory system.

%. The ty#e o luid that is circulated is6 ). A closed system can $e de ined as6 +. An o#en system can $e de ined as6 ,. The circulatory system o the organism that was studied was 5losed or 7#en

-. 89#lain how nutrients are e9changed and trans#orted in your organism.

0. 89#lain how waste is e9changed and trans#orted in your organism.

2. This organism has evolved rom a #revious ancestor to #osses this s#eci ic anatomy. Thin. a$out your ocus system. *hy is this #articular system advantageous or this s#eci ic organism to have' /rovide evidence and reasoning to su##ort your thin.ing.

1:. 1eturn to your dissection grou#. 11. Discuss how your team $elieves all o the systems 3digestive" res#iratory" circulatory and re#roductive4 are connected to one another in your organism. 1ecord your notes $elow.

Dissection Discussion Guide - 1e#roductive System

Name6 ________________________________

1. The organism that I initially dissected was the _________________________________. 2. A ter analy!ing your organism" list the #arts and organs that are involved in your system o study $elow and descri$e each unction o each organ that is involved in the re#roductive system.

%. Descri$e each unction o each organ that is involved the 1e#roductive system.

). &ow o ten does this organism re#roduce' +. &ow many o s#ring does this organism have during one $irth' ,. &ow is this organism ertili!ed' -. De ine what a deuterostome and a #rotostome is.

0. Descri$e your organism;s develo#ment $e sure to include i it is a deuterostome or a #rotostome.

2. 1eturn to your dissection grou#. 1:. Discuss how your team $elieves all o the systems 3digestive" res#iratory" circulatory and re#roductive4 are connected to one another in your organism. 1ecord your notes $elow.

Dissection Discussion Guide - 1es#iratory System

Name _________________________________

1. The organism that I initially dissected was the _________________________________. 2. A ter analy!ing your organism" list the #arts and organs that are involved in your system o study $elow and descri$e each unction o each organ that is involved in the res#iratory system. %. *here is the location or gas e9change with the environment' *hat ty#e o gasses are $eing e9changed during the res#iration #rocess' ). Descri$e your organism;s ventilation #rocess. +. &ow are res#iratory gasses trans#orted within your organism' ,. *hat are any issues your organism may ace with gas e9change'

-. This organism has evolved rom a #revious ancestor to #osses this s#eci ic anatomy. Thin. a$out your ocus system. *hy is this #articular system advantageous or this s#eci ic organism to have' /rovide evidence and reasoning to su##ort your thin.ing.

0. 1eturn to your dissection grou#. 2. Discuss how your team $elieves all o the systems 3digestive" res#iratory" circulatory and re#roductive4 are connected to one another in your organism. 1ecord your notes $elow.

Trait Tetra#od 89os.eleton 8ndos.eleton *ings Gills Antennae <ins (ilaterial symmetry 1adial Symmetry =andi$le mouth#arts >ointed a##endages ?im$s #resent or not 3i yes" s#eci y how many4 Segmentation /resent

Clam

Worm

Starfish

Frog

Grasshopper Perch

Crayfish

Total

89ternal Anatomy Animal 5om#arison or 8volution


Asymmetrical animals have no general $ody #lan or a9is o symmetry that divides the $ody into mirror-image halves. *ithin the animal .ingdom this a##ears to $e a #rimitive condition. 1adially symmetrical animals have $ody #arts organi!ed a$out a central a9is" li.e the s#o.es in a $icycle wheel" with multi#le #lanes o symmetry. 1adially symmetrical animals are o ten" or some #art o their li e" nonmotile 3termed in animals as sessile4" and live attached to a su$strate. 1adial symmetry allows animals" such as @elly ish" corals" and sea anemones" to reach out in all directions rom one central #oint. (ilaterally symmetrical animals have only a single #lane o symmetry that #roduces mirror halves. (ilaterally symmetrical animals tend to $e active and to move orward at an anterior end" which eventually led to concentration o sensory organs in the anterior end" or head 3a trend .nown as ce#hali!ation4. Some animals have their $odies divided into segments. Segmentation allows them to s#eciali!e certain segments" such as or antennae" eyes" claws" etc. The systematic value o segmentation has $een down#layed" with most s#ecialists avoring segmentation arising rom convergent evolution. &owever" the genes controlling segmentation in each o these grou#s are the same" leading to a rethin.ing o the ta9onomic value o segmentation.

htt#6AAwww.emc.marico#a.eduA acultyA ara$eeA$io$.A$io$oo.diversity_-.html 7n the $ac. o this sheet com#lete the e9ternal anatomy evaluation o your organism. Bou will need to o$tain the in ormation rom the other grou#s analysis o the organisms that you did not initially dissect. Cse the s#ace $elow to s.etch a #ossi$le cladogram andAor any evolutionary com#arisons that you can ma.e a ter your ta$le is com#lete. (elow are some de initions to hel# you com#lete this ta$le Tetra#od D a verte$rate that has our lim$s 89os.eleton D an e9ternal anatomical eature that su##orts and #rotects an animal;s $ody. 8ndos.eleton D an internal structure that su##orts an animal. Segmentation D the division o some animal $ody #lans into a series o re#etitive segments. (ilateral Symmetry D 7nly one #lane will divide an organism into roughly mirror image halves. 1adial Symmetry D The regular arrangement o $ody #arts around a central a9is. *hen an organism is radially symmetrical" you could cut rom one side o the organism though the center" to the other side" anywhere on the organism" and this cut would #roduce two eEual halves.