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3-2

/3-2

, .
f (x)ax a0, a1,
f (x)(0, 1).
f (x) x .

a01, (0, 1).


x, f (x)0, f (x)
x .

/3-2

, .
f (x)ax (a0, a1),
f (x).
f (x).

f (x)ax xt
(t, at).
f (x)ax ytt0.

/3-2

, .
f (x)ax (a0, a1),
f (x) xy0 .
f ( x y ) f ( x) f ( y ).

f (x)3x xy0 .
x y
x
y
f ( x y) a a a f ( x) f ( y).

/3-2

, .
f (x)ax (a0, a1),
y
x
(
f
(
x
))

f
(
xy
)

(
f
(
y
))
.

x y f ( x) f ( y ).

y
x y
xy
y x
x
(
f
(
x
))

(
a
)

f
(
xy
)

(
a
)

(
f
(
y
))
.

0 a 1 , x y f ( x) f ( y ).

/3-2

1. y3x , y3x21.


y3x
2, 1
y3x21.

/3-2

2. 9 x 4 3x 3 0.

9x 4 3x 3 0 (3x )2 4 3x 3 0

(3x 1)(3x 3) 0
3x 1 3x 3

x 0 x 1.

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3. 22 x1 33 2 x2 1 0.

22 x1 33 2 x2 1 0
33 x
x 2
2 (2 ) 2 1 0
4
8 (2 x )2 33 2 x 4 0
(8 2 x 1)(2 x 4) 0
1
x
2 2 x 4 x 3 x 2.
8
22 x1 33 2 x2 1 0 x 3
x 2.


4. (0.1)

x 2 3 x 1

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0.001.

x 2 3 x 1
x 2 3 x 1
3
0.001 (0.1)
(0.1)
(0.1)
x 2 3x 1 3
x 2 3x 4 0
( x 4)( x 1) 0
1 x 4.
(0.1)

x 2 3 x 1

0.001 1 x 4.

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5. y4x y23x2.

(a, b), b4a b23a2,



4a23a2 22a23a2 2a3a2 a2,
1
b ,
16
y4x y23x2
1
(2, ).
16

10

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2 x 2 x
6. f ( x)
, f (a) 6, f (2a)
2

f (a) 6 2a 2 a 12,
2 a

a 2

2 2
(2 2 ) 2 2 2
f (2a)

2
2
144 2

71.
2
2a

/3-2

a x a x
a x a x
1. a0, a1, f ( x)
, g ( x)
.
2
2
f (x), g(x) ax ax.
f (x), g(x) f (2x).
f (x), g(x) g(2x).

x
x
x
x
a a
a a
f ( x)
, g ( x)
.
2
2
a x f ( x) g ( x), a x f ( x) g ( x).

11

/3-2

a x a x
a x a x
1. a0, a1, f ( x)
, g ( x)
.
2
2
f (x), g(x) ax ax.
f (x), g(x) f (2x).
f (x), g(x) g(2x).

2x
2 x
x 2
x 2
a a
(a ) (a )
f (2 x)

2
2
[ f ( x) g ( x)]2 [ f ( x) g ( x)]2

12

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13

a x a x
a x a x
1. a0, a1, f ( x)
, g ( x)
.
2
2
f (x), g(x) ax ax.
f (x), g(x) f (2x).
f (x), g(x) g(2x).

( f ( x)) 2 2 f ( x) g ( x) ( g ( x)) 2 ( f ( x)) 2 2 f ( x) g ( x) ( g ( x)) 2

2
2( f ( x)) 2 2( g ( x)) 2

( f ( x)) 2 ( g ( x)) 2 .
2

/3-2

a x a x
a x a x
1. a0, a1, f ( x)
, g ( x)
.
2
2
f (x), g(x) ax ax.
f (x), g(x) f (2x).
f (x), g(x) g(2x).

a 2 x a 2 x (a x ) 2 (a x ) 2

g (2 x)
2
2
[ f ( x) g ( x)]2 [ f ( x) g ( x)]2

14

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15

a x a x
a x a x
1. a0, a1, f ( x)
, g ( x)
.
2
2
f (x), g(x) ax ax.
f (x), g(x) f (2x).
f (x), g(x) g(2x).

( f ( x)) 2 2 f ( x) g ( x) ( g ( x)) 2 ( f ( x)) 2 2 f ( x) g ( x) ( g ( x)) 2

2
4 f ( x) g ( x)

2 f ( x) g ( x).
2

/3-2

3x 3 x
1
1
2. f ( x) x
f (a) , f (b) .
x
3 3
2
3
f (x)32x.
32a 32b .
f (ab)

x
x
x
x
x
2x
3 3
(3 3 ) 3
3 1
x x x 2x
f ( x) x
x
3 3
(3 3 ) 3
3 1

3 f ( x) f ( x) 3 1
2x

2x

1 f ( x)
.
3 (1 f ( x)) 1 f ( x) 3
1 f ( x)
2x

2x

16

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17

3x 3 x
1
1
2. f ( x) x
f (a) , f (b) .
x
3 3
2
3
f (x)32x.
32a 32b .
f (ab)

1
1
1
1
1

f
(
b
)
1

f
(
a
)
3 2.
2 3, 32b
32 a

1 f (b) 1 1
1 f (a) 1 1
3
2

3x 3 x
1
1
2. f ( x) x
f (a) , f (b) .
x
3 3
2
3
f (x)32x.
32a 32b .
f (ab)

32( a b ) 1 32 a 32b 1
2 a 2b
f (a b) 2( a b )
3
1 3 3 1
3 2 1 5

.
3 2 1 7

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18

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3. a, b, c 2a2b5c,
1
2

1
3

1
5

2 , 3 , 5 .
2a, 3b, 5c .

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2 2 8 6 9 6 33 55 2510 3210 2 2 ,
1
3

1
2

1
5

3 2 5 .

19

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3. a, b, c 2a2b5c,
1
2

1
3

1
5

2 , 3 , 5 .
2a, 3b, 5c .

a
b
c
a
b
c
2

5
,

5
k,

a, b, c, k1,
1
a

1
b

1
c

2 k , 3 k , 5 k ,

1
2a

1
2

2 ,k

1
3b

1
3

3 ,k

1
5c

1
5

5 ,

20

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21

3. a, b, c 2a2b5c,
1
2

1
3

1
5

2 , 3 , 5 .
2a, 3b, 5c .

1
1
1
1
1
1
33 2 2 55 , k 3b k 2 a k 5c ,
1
1
1
, 5c 2a 3b.

3b 2a 5c

End