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veces n

n
a a a a a

= ..... . .

a a =
1


1
0
= a

0 = a


p n m p n m
a a a a
+ +
= . .


n m
n
m
a
a
a

=


n
n
a
a
1
=



n n n
b a b a . ) . ( =


n
n
n
b
a
b
a
=
|
.
|

\
|


n n
a
b
b
a
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
.
|

\
|



m n m n n m n m
a a a a ) ( ) (
. .
= = =


n
p
n
p
a a =


p
m
m p
a a ) ( =


n n n
a a b a . . =


n
n
n
b
a
b
a
=


n
n
n
b a b a . . . =


nk mk n m
a a =


m n n m
a a
.
=


m n n n m
b a b a
.
. . =






0
0
Es indeterminado
n
0

No esta definido




( ) | |
q
p
m
n
q
p
m
n
a a =
)
`


EXPRESIONES AL INFINTO
1.
1
... . . .

=
n
n n n
a a a a

2.
1 n
n
n
n
a ... : a : a : a
+
o
3.
1 n
n
n
n
a
a
a
a
+


4.
2
1 1 a 4
... a a a
+ +
= + + +

5.
2
1 1 a 4
... a a a
+
=

6.
X E X E
E
X
X


7.
X X
X
X
X
X
X


8.
1 n
1
n
1
n
1
n
1
X ... X X X

=
(
(



PARA n RADICALES


n
a
1 a
1
n
a
a a a
x radicales " n ..." x . x . x

Para n impar
n
a
1 a
1
n
a
a a a
x radicales " n .." : x : x : x

+
=

Para n par
n
a
1 a
1
n
a
a a a
x radicales " n ..." x : x . x

=


RADICACION:
= + = +
= + = +
IMPAR IMPAR
PAR PAR
) ( ) (
IMAGINARIO ) ( ) (



c
LEYES DE LOS SIGNOS

MULTIPLICACION:
+ = = +
= + + = + +
) ).( ( ) ).( (
) ).( ( ) ).( (


DIVISION:
+ =

=
+

+
+ =
+
+
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (


POTENCIACION:
= + = +
+ = + = +
IMPAR IMPAR
PAR PAR
) ( ) (
) ( ) (



RADICACION:


= + = +
= + = +
IMPAR IMPAR
PAR PAR
) ( ) (
IMAGINARIO ) ( ) (