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Agonist and Antagonist Muscles Summary

Agonist / prime mover muscle directly responsible for the movement at a


joint.
Antagonist muscle that is relaxing and has the opposite action to the agonist.
MOVEMENTS AGONIST (prime mover) ANTAGONIST (relaxed)
Wrist flexion

Flexor Digitorum Extensor Digitorum
Wrist extension

Extensor Digitorum Flexor Digitorum
Elbow flexion

Biceps Brachii Triceps Brachii
Elbow extension

Triceps Brachii Biceps Brachii
Shoulder flexion

Anterior Deltoid
Pectoralis Major
Biceps Brachii
Posterior Deltoid
Latissimus Dorsi
Triceps Brachii
Shoulder extension -

Posterior deltoid
Latissimus Dorsi
Anterior deltoid
Pectoralis Major
Shoulder adduction

Latissimus Dorsi
Pectoralis major

Deltoid (middle)
Shoulder abduction

Deltoid (middle) Latissimus Dorsi
Pectoralis major
Spine/ Trunk flexion

Rectus Abdominis Erector Spinae
Spine/ Trunk extension

Erector Spinae Rectus Abdominis
Hip flexion

Iliopsoas
Quadriceps
Gluteus Maximus
Hamstrings
Hip extension

Gluteus Maximus
Hamstrings
Iliopsoas
Quadriceps
Knee flexion

Hamstrings Quadriceps
Knee extension

Quadriceps

Hamstrings
Dorsiflexion

Tibialis Anterior Gastrocnemius + soleus
Plantarflexion Gastrocnemius + soleus Tibialis Anterior