You are on page 1of 7

Development of Energy Science

May 2014, Volume 2, Issue 2, PP.8-14

Experimental Analysis of the Photo-thermal


Conversion Efficiency with a Solar Collector in
Cold Area
Xiaoyan Liu 1,2, Jing Huang 1#, Yongying Jia 1, Chuan Ma1
1. College of Civil and Architecture Engineering, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing 163318, China
2. The Higher Educational Key Laboratory for Disaster Prevention, Mitigation and Protection Engineering of Heilongjiang Province,
Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing 163318, China
#

Email: 776243328@qq.com

Abstract
The most important indicator to evaluate the merits of a solar collector is the thermal efficiency, which is an effective way to use of
solar energy and achieve building energy saving if it has accurate data. This paper tested the thermal efficiency of solar collectorto
measure and calculate the efficiency of two types of collectors tank temperature changes under sunny conditions at different times
throughout the day,

then plotting the efficiency curvesanalyzing the application of the two types of collector in severe cold area. The

results showed that the heat-collecting capacity in unit-time of evacuate tube collector is 808.13W, the average of heat collecting
efficiency is 36.71%; And flat plate solar collector is 496.94 W, the average of heat collecting efficiency is only 19.84%. These results
can be explained that the research of evacuate tube collector is the focus for the severe cold area to use of solar energy technology.
Keywords: Solar Energy; Collector; Experiment; Heat Collecting Efficiency

12 1 1 1
1. 163318
2. 163318

808.13W36.71%
496.94W19.84%

[1]

-8http://www.ivypub.org/des


[2]

[3]A.H.Abudllha[4]
[5][6]
[7]U

1
ASHREA

1.1

1200 kJ/(m3)

ms C ps
Ac

200 ~ 300 kJ/(m3)

(1)

100

80

60

()

40

20

100

200

300

400

KJ/( m3)

1
()
-9http://www.ivypub.org/des

[8]

ms kg

Ac m2
(1)
132.76.39~213.5kg200L

1.2

(2)[9]

Qu M wC p ti 1 ti

(2)

Qu J
M w kg
ti 1 ti K
[10]

M wC p ti 1 ti
Qu

100%
Ac I t T
Ac I t T

(3)

I t W/m2
t
t
T i i 1 s

2
2.1

ANRITSUHA-250E
0.1
2

0.1
3
TES-1333R
[11-13]10 W/m2
- 10 http://www.ivypub.org/des

4
QDF:0.05~30m/s1~3s
5%

2.2

1
3247mm1500mm0.093m2
2.976m2
2
1500mm2000mm
2.775m2

2.3
GB4271-84
201419~121000~1500
10:00
152
1.2
1

m/s

W/m2

10:00

4.4

-16.5

36.9

332.1

10:15

4.8

-16.2

37.6

364.2

585.2

10:30

4.5

-16.0

38.4

468.7

668.8

10:45

5.0

-15.8

39.4

708.7

836.0

11:00

5.2

-15.7

40.6

821.0

1003.2

11:15

5.0

-15.4

41.9

845.0

1086.8

11:30

4.8

-15.1

43.2

909.3

1086.8

11:45

4.9

-15.0

44.5

905.1

1086.8

12:00

5.0

-14.8

45.7

911.2

1003.2

10

12:15

5.1

-14.5

46.8

862.5

919.6

11

12:30

5.3

-14.3

47.8

874.0

836.0

12

12:45

4.7

-14.2

48.8

820.8

836.0

13

13:00

5.0

-14.2

49.6

843.0

668.8

14

13:15

5.1

-14.0

50.4

837.1

668.8

15

13:30

4.3

-13.8

51.3

809.3

752.4

16

13:45

4.1

-13.6

51.9

823.0

501.6

17

14:00

3.6

-13.5

52.5

818.4

501.6

18

14:15

3.5

-13.4

53.1

789.7

501.6

- 11 http://www.ivypub.org/des

kJ

m/s

W/m2

kJ

19

14:30

4.2

-13.6

53.6

724.4

418.0

20

14:45

4.6

-13.5

54.0

648.1

334.4

21

15:00

4.8

-13.5

54.3

582.7

250.8

14546.4
2

m/s

W/m2

10:00

1.8

-18.7

37.0

352.1

10:15

1.9

-18.3

37.5

394.2

418.00

10:30

2.1

-17.5

38.0

568.7

418.00

10:45

1.9

-17.0

38.6

912.10

501.60

11:00

2.0

-16.2

39.3

903.20

585.20

11:15

2.3

-16.0

40.1

911.60

668.80

11:30

2.0

-15.7

41.0

918.20

752.40

11:45

1.9

-15.3

41.8

1009.00

668.80

12:00

2.1

-15.0

42.5

1011.00

585.20

10

12:15

2.2

-14.6

43.2

1014.00

585.20

11

12:30

2.5

-13.9

43.8

1010.00

501.60

12

12:45

3.0

-13.6

44.4

1009.00

501.60

13

13:00

3.2

-13.5

45.0

948.10

501.60

14

13:15

3.1

-13.2

45.5

947.90

418.00

15

13:30

2.8

-13.0

46.0

946.40

418.00

16

13:45

3.0

-13.8

46.4

923.40

334.40

17

14:00

2.4

-12.6

46.7

855.80

250.80

18

14:15

2.6

-12.8

47.0

825.50

250.80

19

14:30

2.5

-13.0

47.3

787.80

250.80

20

14:45

2.7

-13.1

47.5

751.90

167.20

21

15:00

2.7

-13.0

47.7

693.30

167.20

kJ

8945.20

2.4
1.23
2
122
10
00

- 12 http://www.ivypub.org/des

15:0036.71%
19.84%808.13W496.94W
70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
10:15 10:45 11:15 11:45 12:15 12:45 13:15 13:45 14:15 14:45

808.13W
36.71%496.94W
19.84%

REFERENCES
[1] Developing situation and prospects of renewable energy in foreign countries[J].Modern Chemical Industry, 2007, 27(5): 61-64.
[2] The principle of solar energy utilization Technology Engineering[M]. Publishing House of Electronics Industry, 2010.
[3] Zhen-hong Zheng Zhi-cheng Huang Hong-rong Chen, et.al. Performance Investigation of Flat Plate Solar Collector with V-corrugated
Transparent Insulator[J], Acta energiae solaris sinica, 1987, 04: 352-359.
[4] Abdullah A H, Abou-Ziyan H Z, Ghoneim A A. Thermal Performance of Flat Plate Solar Collector Using Various Arrangements of
Compound Honeycomb[J]. Energy conversion and management, 2003, 44(19): 3093-3112.
[5] Jin-wei Ma. Experimental and Numerical Study on Solar Air Heater and Dual-Function Solar Collector[D]. University of Science and
Technology of China, 2013.
[6] Yan-wei Wang. Experimental Research on Heat Pipe Flat-Plate Sloar Collector with Insulating Glazing Cover[D]. Harbin Institute of
Technology, 2007.
[7] Yu-jiao An, Yan Gao, Deying Li. Analysis and Simulation Study of Flow and Thermal Performance in the U-tube Solar Collector[J].
Energy Technology, 2010, 03: 169-174.
[8] R.L.Cole, KJ. Nield, R.R. Rohde, and R.M. wolosewicz. Design and Installation Manual of Thermal Storage. ANL- 79-15Argonne
National Laboratory, Argonne, 1980, 01.
[9] Yan-wei Wang, Mao-yu Zheng, Li-qian Zhao, et al. Experimental research on thermal performance of glazing cover of high-efficiency
solar[J]. Energy Conservation, 2007, 05:14-17.
[10] A.Hobbi, K.Siddiqui. Experimental study on the effect of heat transfer enhancement devices in flat-plate solar collectors[J].
- 13 http://www.ivypub.org/des

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2009, 52(19): 4650-4658.


[11] Mao Qian-jun, Xie Ming, Shuai Yong, Tan He-ping. Optical-thermal Exchange Characteristics of Solar Receiver and its Application in
Oilfields[J]. Journal of northeast petroleum university, 2013, 37(2): 112-117.
[12] Mao Qian-jun, Xie Ming, Shuai Yong, Tan He-ping. Effect of Incident Solar Irradiation on Radiation Flux Distribution of a Solar
Cavity Receiver [J], Acta energiae solaris sinica, 2013, 34(10): 1818-1821.
[13] Qian-jun Mao, Ming Xie, Yong Shuai, He-ping Tan. Distribution of Radiation Flux in Focal Plane for a Parabolic Dish Solar System [J].
Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology (New Series), 2013, 34(10): 5-8.

(1962-)

(1988-)

Email: liu_xydq@163.com

Email: 776243328@qq.com

(1972-)

Email: jyy1219@163.com
4

(1984-)
Email: 31532406@qq.com

- 14 http://www.ivypub.org/des