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B.J.

Habibie
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie is a former
politician of the State of Indonesia. Habibie was
born on June 25th 1936, in Parepare, South
Sulawesi Province to Abdul Jalil Habibie and R. A.
Tuti Marini Puspowardojo.
In 1960, Habibie received a degree in
engineering in Germany, giving him the title
Diplom-Ingenieur. He remained in Germany as a
research assistant under Hans Ebner at the
Lehrstuhl und Institut fr Leichtbau, RWTH Aachen
to conduct research for his doctoral degree. In
1962, Habibie returned to Indonesia for three
months on sick leave. During this time, he was
reacquainted with Hasri Ainun, the daughter of R.
Mohamad Besari. The two married on 12 May 1962, returning to Germany shortly
afterwards.[3] Habibie and his wife settled in Aachen for a short period before moving
to Oberforstbach. In May 1963 they had a son, Ilham Akbar Habibie.
In 1965, Habibie delivered his thesis in aerospace engineering and received the
grade of "very good" for his dissertation, giving him the title Doktor der
Ingenieurwissenschaften. During the same year, he accepted Hans Ebner's offer to
continue his research on Thermoelastisitas and work toward his Habilitation, but he
declined the offer to join RWTH as a professor per se. His thesis about light construction
for supersonic or hypersonic states also attracted offers of employment from companies
such as Boeing and Airbus, which Habibie again declined. Habibie did accept a
position with Messerschmitt-Blkow-Blohm in Hamburg. There, he developed theories on
thermodynamics, construction, and aerodynamics known as the Habibie Factor,
Habibie Theorem, and Habibie Method, respectively.
On his return to Indonesia in 1974, Habibie was made Chief Executive Officer of
the new state-owned enterprise Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara (IPTN). (In 1985, PT.
Nurtanio changed its name to Indonesian Aviation Industry and is now known as
Indonesian Aerospace Inc. (Dirgantara)). By the 1980s, IPTN had grown considerably,
specializing in the manufacture of helicopters and small passenger planes.
In January 1998, after accepting nomination for a 7th term as President, Suharto
announced the selection criteria for the nomination of a vice president. Habibie was
elected vice president in March 1998. On 21 May 1998, Suharto publicly announced his
resignation and Habibie was immediately sworn in as president. At the 1999 MPR
General Session in October, Habibie delivered an accountability speech which was a
report of what he had achieved during his presidency. Once this was completed, MPR
members began voting to decide if they would accept or reject his speech. During this
process, pro-reform members of Golkar broke with the ranks and voted against him,
and His accountability speech was rejected by 355 votes to 322.
Since relinquishing the presidency, he has spent more time in Germany than in
Indonesia, though he has during Susilo Bambang Yudoyono's presidency been active
both as a presidential adviser and through the Habibie Centre to ensure
democratisation in Indonesia.




















B. J. Habibie
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie adalah seorang
mantan politisi dari negara Indonesia. Habibie lahir
pada tanggal 25 Juni 1936, di Parepare, Sulawesi
Selatan, untuk Abdul Jalil Habibie dan R. A. Tuti Marini
Puspowardjo.
Pada tahun 1960, Habibie menerima gelar
sarjana di bidang teknik di Jerman, memberi dia gelar
Diplom-Ingenieur. Dia menetap di Jerman sebagai
asisten penelitian dibawah Hans Ebner di Lehrstuhl und
Institut fr Leichtbau, RWTH Aachen untuk memimpin
penelitian untuk gelar doktornya. Pada 1962, Habibie
kembali ke Indonesia selama tiga bulan dengan cuti
sakit. Selama waktu ini, dia berhubungan kembali dengan Hasri Ainun, putri R.
Mohamad Besari. Mereka berdua menikah pada 12 Mei 1962, kembali ke Jerman tak
lama setelah itu. Habibie dan istrinya menetap di Aachen untuk sementara waktu
sebelum pindah ke Oberforstbach. Pada Mei 1963 mereka mempunyai anak, Ilham
Akbar Habibie.
Pada 1965, Habibie menyampaikan tesisnya dibidang teknik kedirgantaraan
dan menerima kelas sangat baik untuk disertasinya, memberinya gelar Doktor Der
Ingenieursissenshaften. Pada tahun yang sama, dia menerima tawaran Hans Ebner
untuk melanjutkan penelitian tentang Thermoelastisitas dan bekerja ke arah
habilitasinya, tetapi dia menolak tawaran untuk bergabung RWTH sebagai profesor
semata. Tesisnya tentang konstruksi ringan untuk negara supersonik atau hipersonik
juga menarik tawaran kerja dari perusahaan seperti Boeing dan Airbus, yang kembali
Habibie tolak. Habibie menerima posisi Messerschmitt-Blkow-Blohm di Hamburg.
Disana, ia mengembangkan teori tentang termodinamika, konstruksi, dan
aerodinamika yang dikenal sebagai Faktor Habibie, Teorema Habibie, dan Metode
Habibie, masing-masing.
Setelah kembali ke Indonesia pada tahun 1974, Habibie diangkat menjadi CEO
Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara(IPTN). (pada 1985, PT. Nuratanio mengubah
namanya menjadi Industri Penerbangan Indonesia dan sekarang dikenal sebagai
Indonesia Aerospace Inc (Dirgantara)). Pada sekitar 1980, IPTN telah tumbuh jauh,
mengkhususkan diri dalam pembuatan helikopter dan pesawat penumpang kecil.
Pada Januari 1998, setelah menerima nominasi presiden ke 7, Suharto
mengumumkan kriteria seleksi untuk pencalonan wakil presiden. Habibie terpilih
menjadi wakil presiden pada Maret 1998. Pada 21 Mei 1998, Suharto mengumumkan
pengunduran dirinya dan Habibie segera dilantik sebagai Presiden. Pada Sidang
Umum MPR 1999 pada bulan Oktober, Habibie menyampaikan pidato
pertanggungjawaban yang merupakan laporan apa yang telah dicapai selama
kepresidenannya. Setelah itu selesai, anggota MPR mulai pemungutan suara untuk
memutuskan apakah mereka atau menolak pidatonya. Selama proses ini, pro-
reformasi anggota Golkar pecah dengan pangkat dan memberikan suara melawan
dia, dan pidato pertanggungjawabannya ditolak oleh 322 suara dari 355.
Sejak melepas jabatan Presiden, ia sudah menghabiskan lebih banyak waktu di
Jerman daripada di Indonesia, meskipun selama kepresidenan Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono dia telah menjadi penasihat presiden dan melalui Habibie Center
memastikan demokrasi di Indonesia.



















Name : Adinda Astuti Astaning Widhi
Place, date of Birth : Jakarta, December 1
st
1996
Hobby : Dance cover, watching music video, sleeping.
School : SHS 1 Ungaran
Motto : Be yourself and speak up your mind.
Moral Value : We must 4CL (Cool, Care, Calm, Confident, and Low Profile), be faithful to
our soulmate, we must loyal to our country.