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Time Allowed: 40 MINUTES CHAPTER TEST Max.

Marks: 20
ACID BASE AND SALT
CLASS-X
NAME OF STUDENT:................................................ ROLL NO .................. SECTION...............
1. pH of rainwater is [1]
(a) Less than 7 (b) more than 7 (c) nearly 7 (d) none of these
2. Acetic acid turns [1]
(i) Red litmus blue (ii) blue litmus red
(iii) Methyl orange indicator pink (iv) phenolphthalein indicator colourless
(a) (ii), (iii) and (iv) (b) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(c) (i), (iii) and (iv) (d) (i), (ii) and (iv)
3. What happens when aluminium metal reacts with sodium hydroxide? Give the equation of the chemical
reaction. [2]
4. What will happen if universal indicator is added to (i) Saliva before meals (ii) Saliva after meals? [2]
5. Give formula and name of one salt each of [3]
(i) Sulphuric acid (ii) Hydrochloric acid
(iii) Nitric acid (iv) Carbonic acid
6. A compound X on heating at 373 K gives Y which is used for making chalk and for plastering fractured bones.
Y on mixing with water changes to X. Identify X and Y and write chemical reactions involved. [3]
7. Demonstrate by an experiment change in crystalline copper sulphate on heating. Explain the meaning of water
of crystallization.
8. What happens when [4]
(i) Aluminium metal reacts with dil.
2 4
H SO ?
(ii) Potassium oxide is dissolved in water?
(iii) Potassium hydroxide reacts with sulphuric acid completely?
Give equations for the chemical reactions involved.
9. (i) Seven solution A, B, C, D, E, F and G have pH 1, 2, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 14 respectively. [2]
(a) Identify which of them is strongly acidic.
(b) Identify which of them is neutral.
(c) Identify which of them is weakly basic.
(d) Identify which of them is strong basic.
(e) Which of the above solution will turn phenolphthalein pink?
(f) Which of the above solution will make methyl orange pink?
(ii) Write balanced equation for the preparation of following salts [2]
(a)
3
NaNO
(b)
2 4
K SO