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Journal of Modern Agriculture

July 2014, Volume 3, Issue 3, PP.36-41

Application of Non-Destructive Monitoring


Technology in Cotton Field Management
Jianhua Guo 1, Ruirui Zhang 2 , Xingang Xu 1 , Gang Xu 1 , Zhiming Guo 2 , Zhongling Gao 2
1. Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
2. Beijing Research Center for Intelligent Agricultural Equipment, Beijing 100097, China

Abstract
Along with the popularization and application of the development of information technology and computer, the application of
information technology in agricultural production in the future will be the important direction of agricultural development. In this
paper, study on cotton field management in Xinjiang by remote sensing technique with the non-destructive testing technology and
wireless sensor technology. The results show that remote sensing has very good correlation in cotton yield assessment, crop
growth, using the NDVI time series similarity estimation of cotton with high analysis accuracy, R2=0.82, which is simple, suitable
for application. SPAD meter was correlated with the nitrogen content in cotton leaves, flowering period of cotton leaf chlorophyll
relative content of SPAD R2=0.6135. Soil moisture wireless sensor network can change the soil moisture good monitoring; provide
the basis for decision-making of irrigation.
Keywords: Cotton Yield Estimation; Soil Moisture Monitoring; Nutrition Diagnosing; Field Management

*
1 2 1 1 2 1
1. 100097
2. 10097

NDVI
R2=0.82SPAD SPAD
R2=0.6135

[1, 2]

GIS
[3-7]
[8-10]
*863

2012AA101901
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[11-13]

20

0.5
0-20
SPAD
1
PH

2 10 ( 5
):
3

2.1
2008-2010 148

R2=0.9136
350

kg/

300
250
200

y = -0.04x + 3.5289x + 208.01


2
R = 0.9135

150
100
50
0
0

10

15

20
25
kg/

30

35

40

2.2
SPAD
[14] SPAD

SPAD
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65
60
55

N12
N18
N24
N30
N36

50
45
40
35
30

2 SPAD

SPAD SPAD
SPAD SPAD
R2=0.6135

2.3
148 20
WSN-GPRS [15]
020
WSN-GPRS
GPRS GPRS
web

2.5V
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

y = 0.002x - 0.2241

50

100

150

200

250

300

4
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350

2.4
2008 6 19 ,7 3 ,7 13 3

GVI/LAI SPAD
SPAD
R2=0.71 GVI/LAI

1
0.9

SPAD
GVI/LAI

0.8
0.7

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
1

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

5 SPAD

2.5

NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index)

[16,17] NDVI NDVI


NDVI
Y=f (N1, N2, N3, LL)
Y N1N2N3 NDVI
f NDVI
NDVI
NDVI NDVI n
Ni=(Ni1,Ni2,Ni3, Nin) Wi=(wi1,wi2,wi3,win)
NDVI NDVI

[18]

NDVI 5
NDVI Y NDVI
NDVI
NDVI NDVI NDVI
NDVI
7

NDVI
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560

540
(kg/mu)

520
500
480
460
440
420
400
1

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

NDVI
R2=0.82

R2=0.71 GVI/LAI
NDVI

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