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30 3

2008 6

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V o.l 30 N o. 3
Jun. 2008

Journa l o f Southw est P etroleum U n iversity( Sc ience& T echno logy Edition)

: 1000- 2634( 2008) 03- 0143- 05

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1996

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:
5 6 ( DNV - OS- F101( 2000)

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5 6 ( CSA Z662 [ 3]
2003)
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6 ( AP I RP 1111- 1999)

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5 6 ( ASCE )

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5 6 ( ASME
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B31. 8)
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ABS 2006

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A P I 1111 - 1999

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crit

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DNV - O S - F 101( 2000)

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4. 2

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146

2008

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AP I 5L ( e)

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p e /p c
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, DNV

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DNV 2000 Y /T

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Y /T :
,

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DNV 2000

, D /t 20
1, D / t 60 0. 6, 4

4 DNV

3 CSADNV

( 3)

147

the design of buried steel pipe ( w ith addenda through

Februa ry 2005) [ S]. U SA, 2005.


[ 10]

B31. 8, G as transm ission and d istr ibu tion p ip ing system s


[ S]. N ew Y ork, 2003.
[ 11]

2005.
[ 12]

H ouston, 2006.
[ 13]

N ov a Corporation, 1993.
[ 15]

[ C ]. P roceedings of the 4 th Inte rnational P ipe line Conference, Ca lgary, Canada, ASM E, 2002.

Canadian Standards A ssoc ia tion. CSA Z662- 2003, O il and


gas p ipeline system s [ S ] . R exda le, Ontario, C anada,

[ 16]

[ C ]. P roceedings of the 5 th Inte rnational P ipe line Con-

De tN orske V er itas( DNV ). DNV-O S- F101( 1982), R ules

ference, Ca lgary, Canada, ASM E, 2004.

for Subma rine P ipeline Systems [ S ]. Hvik, N orw ay,


1982.
[ 5]

[ 17]

ground fa ilure[ J]. Journal of the Ch inese institute o f Eng inee rs, 1996, 19( 3): 321- 332.

AM E /26563 /R /04, V irg in ia, U SA, 1997.


De tN orske V er itas( DNV ). DNV-O S- F101( 1996), R ules

[ 18]

Conference, Calgary, C anada, 1992.

w ay, 1996.
Canad ian Standards A ssoc iation. CSA Z662- 1996, O il and

[ 19]

shore hydrocarbon pipe lines[ S] . W ash ington D C, U SA,


1999.
[ 9]

and insta llation[ S]. B ritish, 1993.

American Petro leum Institute Publishing Serv ices. AP I 1111,


D esign, construction, opera tion, and m a intenance of o ff

T he Am erican So ciety o f C iv il Eng ineers. G u ide lines fo r

B ritish Standards Institution. BS 8010, Code o f practice


fo r p ipeline- par t 3, p ipeline subsea: D esign, construction

gas p ipe line sy stem s[ S]. R exda le, O ntar io, C anada, 1996.
[ 8]

M urray N A, B ilston P. R ational acceptance lim it for field


bends in oil or gas pipe lines[ C ]. In ternational P ipe line

for subma rine p ipeline sy stem s( 1996 ) [ S ]. Hvik, N o r[ 7]

Y aw- Jeng Ch iou, Shue- Y eong Ch.i N um erica lm ode ling


fo r buckling o f bur ied pipe lines induced by com pressiv e

AM E. Estab lishm ent o f stra in- based crite ria and ana lysis
for the assessm ent of sub- sea p ipe lines[ R ] . F ina lR eport

[ 6]

WANG Y ong- y,i Cheng W en- tao, D av id H. T ens ile


strain lim its of bur ied defects in p ipe line g irth we lds

2003.
[ 4]

W ANGY ong- y ,i Rudland, D av id D, et a .l A pre lim inary


strain- based des ign criter ion fo r p ipeline g irth we lds

De t N orske V er itas( DNV ). DNV- OS- F101( 2000), Subm arine p ipe line system s[ S] . Hv ik, N orway, 2000.

[ 3]

G raville B A, D inov itzer A S. D evelopm ent of rationa l cr-i


ter ia for stra in lim its in p ipe line w elds [ R ] . R epo rt to

PAN Jia- hua. Sev era l concernm ent task unde r developm ent o f h igh strength p ipe line steel [ J]. W e lded P ipe

[ 2]

E llinas C P. P ipe line design based on stra in cr iteria[ J].


Chem ica l Bus iness, 1999, 13( 5): 131- 135.

[ 14]

and T ube, 2005, 28( 4): 1- 2.

Am er ican Bureau o f Sh ipping. ABS 2006 ABS gu ide fo r


bu ild ing and c lassing subsea p ipeline system s [ S ].

[ 1]

Am erican P etroleum Institute. AP I 1104, W e ld ing of p ipelines and re lated facilities[ S ]. W ash ing ton D C, U SA,

, ,
,

The Ame rican Soc iety of M echan ica l Eng ineers. ASM E

[ 20]

E llinas C P, W a lker A C. A deve lopm ent in the ree ling


m e thod for lay ing subsea pipe lines [ C ] . 1st Pe tro leum
T echno logy Con fe rence, P erth, Austra lia, 1985.
(: )

A bstract

2008

17

per. T he resu lts show the rat io of diam eter and th ickness and y ield strength are th e m ain param eters of influ encing
th e collapse pressure o f casing, and the decreasing of th e casin g co llapse resistance is a random processw ith the increasing of ovality, eccentr ic ity and residual stress. And the casing sim u lation analysis o f vario us com binat io ns o f the
location of ovality, eccen tric ity and residua l stress under ex terna l pressure is perform ed. F rom th e sim u lation resu lts,
it is conc luded that the casin g co llapse pressures differs great ly betw een d ifferen t com b in ations. In the end, a new
casin g collapse calcu la ting form ula is put forw ard wh ich g ives the m ore accurate pred iction of casing collapse, the
accuracy can m eet the requirem ent of app lication.
K ey w ord s: casing; co llapse resistance; var iance analysis; finite e lem ent analysis; fu ll scale test
P IPELINE DES IGN CR ITER IA BA SED ON STRA IN AND THE CONTROL FACTORS
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L IU B ing , L IU Xue- jie , ZHANG H ong ( 1. Petroleum and G as Eng in eering Insis tute, Ch in a U niversity o f P etro leum, Changp in g B eijing 102249, Ch in a; 2. B eijin g Key Laboratory of U rban O il and Gas D istr ibution T echno logy, Ch in a U niversity of Petroleum, Changping B eijing 102249, Ch in a). JOURNAL OF SOUTHWEST PETROLEUM
UN IVERSIT Y ( SCIENCE & TECHNOLOG Y EDIT ION ), VOL. 30, NO. 3, 143 - 147, 2008 ( ISSN 1000 - 2634, IN
CH IN ESE )
Abstract: T rad itional pipe lin e desig n ana ly sis m ethod presented in various literatures is usua lly based on lim it
stress criteria, how ever, the m ethod m ay be in apposite to m odern stee ls, and th e m ethod can no t so lve a ll the problem s in p ip elin e strength desig n, espec ially for d isplacem ent con tro lled lo ads such as ground displacem ent load.
S tra in lim its, in cluding ovalization lim i,t tensile stra in lim it and compressiv e stra in lim i,t are com pared in th is paper
based upon various codes and recomm endatio ns. In add ition, som e control factors of strain lim its are also review ed
respectiv e ly. In v iew of the design tendency based on stra in and the large- sca led construction o f gas transportation
from w est to eas,t asw e ll as the second leve l pro jects, the im portance and necessity of the related research are presented.
K ey w ord s: p ip elin e; stain- based; lim it state; desig n criter ia; strain lim it
NUM ER ICAL SIM ULATION AND OPTIM IZATION STUDY ON OIL-W ATER SEPARATION HYDROCYCLONE
1

N IU Gu-i feng , A I Zh-i jiu , L IU Chun- quan , H E H ui qun ( 1. CNOOC O il Base- O ilfie ld T echno logy & Serv ices
Com pany, T anggu T ian jin 300452, Ch in a; 2. Co llege o f M echatron ic Engineerin g , Southw est P etro leum U niversity,
Chengdu Sichuan 610500, China; 3. Jianghan M ach in ery R esearch Institute, Jin gzhou H ubei 434000, Ch in a ).
JOURNAL OF SOUTHWEST PETROLEUM UN IVERSIT Y ( SC IENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDIT ION ), VOL. 30, NO.
3, 148- 151, 2008( ISSN 1000- 2634, IN CH INESE )
Abstract: T he flow f ie ld of o il w ater tw o phases in o il w ater separat io n hydrocyclone is tested by m eans o f Reyno ld s
streess m odel and CFD num erica l sim u lation m ethod. The consequence suggests the in ter- flow disturbance o f produced liqu id on in let exerts an im portan t influence on oil w ater separation effec,t so, a new structure, spat ia l Arch-i
m edes spira l line in let flow channe l and the conduction current sp iral o il w ater separat io n hydrocyclone, is presented. The fu rther opt im al design and function test indicate sm ooth transition betw een A rch im edes spiral and cyc lo ne
in let is rea lized, and the stab le flow fie ld and higher separation efficiency are obta in ed.
K ey w ord s: o i-l wa ter separation hydrocyclone; num erical sim ulation; optim ization; exper im enta l study