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CXC AGRICULTURAL

SCIENCE SBA
BROILER PRODUCTION


Veneisia Tomlinson
Westwood High School
January 2014

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT_________________________________________________3
INTRODUCTION_______________________________________________________4-11
NAME OF PROJECT
DATE
LOCATION
DURATION
DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES
o PREPARATION OF HOUSE
o PREPARATION OF THE BROODING AREA
o BROODING
o FEEDING
(ROUTINE
)/GIVING WATER/GIVING VITAMINS
o TRANSFERRING TO LARGER POULTRY HOUSE
o
FEEDING
(ROUTINE)
o TURNINIG OF LITTER
o SLAUGHTER
o DRESS BIRDS
o PACKAGES
o SALE OF BIRDS
SKETCH OF HOUSE
MATERIALS & EQUIPMENT
SCHEDULE OF OPERATIONS
COMPLETE BUDGET_____________________________________________________12-13
PROJECTED INCOME
PROJECTED EXPENDITURE
PROJECTED SURPLUS

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ACTUAL INCOME & EXPENDITURE________________________________________14-15
ACTUAL INCOME
ACTUAL EXPENDITURE
ACTUAL SURPLUS/SHORTFALL
ANALYSIS________________________________________________________________16-18
COMPARISON OF PROJECTED AND ACTUAL INCOME
COMPARISON OF PROJECTED AND ACTUAL EXPENDITURE
COMPARISON OF PROJECTED AND ACTUAL SURPLUS/SHORTFALL
GENERAL COMMENTS
CONCLUSION
RECOMMENDATIONS
APPENDIX_______________________________________________________________19-20






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Heartiest gratitude is extended to all who assisted in making the
completion of this project possible; from my mother who provided the materials,
my best friend Shane for his interest in my edification, my sister for cheering me
in my times of frustration, Summer for answering my questions with patience to
the best of her comprehension on this project and most of all God, for giving me
the strength and knowledge as well as resources to have this piece of work
perfected.
Once Again I Thank You.

















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NAME OF PROJECT
Poultry Production Project- Broilers
LOCATION
Westwood High School Farm,
Stewart Town,
Trelawny.
DURATION
Six weeks
DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES
Broilers refer to domesticated birds reared for meat and as these birds feed
heavily, are reasonably priced, have good disease resistance, good body
conformation, a good Dressing Percentage (D.P.) of 76-80%, a good food
conversion ratio (FCR) of 3:1, grow quickly, feather fast and gain weight rapidly;
a pure broiler breed was selected for this venture. Initially, a number of four
hundred broiler birds were decided upon to be bought and reared for our SBA
project, however, we were met by financial impediments and with such the
number dwindled to one hundred birds.
It was resolved that a dual stage system was to be used, so naturally, the
project commenced with the preparation of the brooding house for the arrival of
our chicks. The litter from the birds that had been the previous inhabitants was
removed, the waterers, feed pans and brooders were washed, disinfected and left
in the sun to dry, likewise, the floor of the house was washed, disinfected and left
to dry. The mesh wires were cleaned so as to promote healthy ventilation, the

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room was fumigated with white lime to aid in its sanitation and the waterers,
feeders, drop curtains and brooders were installed. Lastly, fresh litter (sawdust)
was placed in the house to a depth of approximately 10 cm and covered with
newspaper in preventing the chicks from eating the sawdust.
The chicks were transported to the house by workers as we were
unavailable at the point of their arrival, nonetheless, the house was prepared for
them as it was clean with covered litter, a brooder that had been on, feeders filled
with feed and waterers with vitamin-enriched water placed on the floor. Here, the
chicks were closely observed to monitor their health and wellbeing, to identify
and correct problems and just to be sure they were settling in.
A feeding routine was developed where the chickens were fed 2-3 times
daily on broiler starter with its 24-26% of protein for their stay in the brooding
house. Water, being equally important, was provided as often as they were fed
and electrolytes administered to the chicks through its addition to their drinking
water.
While the chicks got acquainted with their new environment we worked
assiduously in preparing the rearing house by following all the steps we took in
preparing the brooding house. After a period of about 10-12 days from the day of
their arrival, the chicks were relocated to the rearing house where all the required
amenities including feed and water were prepared and provided for the chickens
as oft as necessary(2-3 times daily). At the end of four weeks they were
introduced to broiler finisher with a 16-20% protein allowance. In addition, the
chickens were monitored daily just as they were in the brooding period.
During the chickens stay in the rearing house, litter was frequently added
until it reached a depth of 15 cm. As time passed, the litter was turned to improve
and maintain its absorbing ability and looseness and to condense the risk of the
infestation of pathogens.
At the end of six weeks, eighty-six broilers were slaughtered giving a total
weight of two-hundred and ninety-six pounds (296lbs), they were then dressed
and packaged by the workers on staff as we the students were unavoidably
absent.

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The meat was sold to our school kitchen and members of staff at one
hundred and seventy dollars per pound ($170.00 per lb.), however, nine pounds
(9lbs.) of chicken feet were shared among the workers. This allowed us a grand
total of forty-eight thousand, seven hundred and ninety dollars ($48,790.00) as
income with a surplus valuing four thousand nine hundred and twenty dollars
($4,920.00).


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SKETCH OF HOUSE



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MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
Hoe, waterers, feeding trays, feeding tubes, brooder, tape measure, shovel, wheel
barrow, fork, pans to carry feed and water, 100 chicks, I pack electrolyte, 100
clear bags, 30 bags saw dust, 22 bags of feed, feed bags for curtains, scale, knife,
Insecticides, germicide, fungicide, disinfectant, newspaper.


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SCHEDULE OF OPERATIONS
YEAR: 2013
DAY MONTH ACTIVITIES REMARKS













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PROJECTED INCOME
No. of birds = 100
Weight =3.5lbs
Cost per lb. =$178.00
Total weight =350lbs
=350lbs*$178.00
=$62,300.00
PROJECTED EXPENDITURE
Cost of a chick =$175.00
No. of birds =100
=$175.00*100
Total cost of chicks =$17,500.00
1 bag of feed =$1560.00 and 55lbs
9lbs. of feed per chick
9*100= 900lbs
55lbs
=16.417 bags of feed.
=$1560.00*17
Total cost of feed =$26,520.00
Cost of medication (1 pack electrolyte) =$400.00
100 clear bags =$150.00

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Utilities =$5.00 per bird
=$5.00*100
Total utility cost =$500.00
Cost of 1 bag saw dust =$50.00
No. of bags required: 30
=$50.00*30
T0tal cost of saw dust =$1500.00
TOTAL: $17,500 + $26,520 +$400 + $150 + $500 + $1,500= $46,570.00
SURPLUS
Income Expenditure = Surplus
$62,300.00 - $46,570.00 =$15, 730.0

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ACTUAL INCOME
No. of birds slaughtered: 88
Weight of chicken after slaughtering =296lbs
Weight of chicken subtracted for workers =9lbs
Cost of meat per pound =$170.00
296lbs - 9lbs= 287lbs
287lbs * $170.00
= $48, 790.00
ACTUAL EXPENDITURE
Cost of a chick =$175.00
No. of birds =100
=$175.00*100
Total cost of chicks =$17,500.00
1 bag of feed =$1560.00 and 55lbs
12.2lbs of feed per chick
12.2*100= 1220lbs
55lbs

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=22 bags of feed.
=$1560.00*22
Total cost of feed =$34,320.00
Cost of medication (1 pack electrolyte) =$400.00
100 clear bags =$150.00
Utilities =$5.00 per bird
=$5.00*100
Total utility cost =$500.00
Cost of 1 bag saw dust =$50.00
No. of bags required: 30
=$50.00*30
T0tal cost of saw dust =$1500.00
TOTAL: $17,500.00 +$34,320.00 +$400.00 + $150.00 + $500.00 + $1,500.00=
$54,370.00
SHORTFALL
Income Expenditure = Shortfall
48,790.00 - $54,370.00 = -$5,580




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COMPARISON OF PROJECTED & ACTUAL INCOME
It was estimated that three hundred and fifty pounds (350lbs) of chicken would
be sold for one hundred and seventy-eight dollars per pound ($170.00/lb.),
consequently giving a total projected income of sixty-two thousand and five
hundred dollars ($62,500.00). Owing to the ten (10) birds who died before
slaughtering and the two (2) that happened to be handicapped, only eighty-six
(86) birds were slaughtered producing a total weight of two hundred and ninety-
six pounds (296lbs) of which nine pounds (9lbs) were taken for the workers
leaving us with a total of two hundred and eighty-seven pounds (287lbs) of meat
that landed us an income of forty-eight thousand, seven hundred and ninety
dollars ($48,790.00). Thus, the total actual income amounted to less than the
projected income, a total of thirteen thousand, seven hundred and ten dollars
dissimilarity between both was decipherable.
COMPARISON OF PROJECTED & ACTUAL EXPENDITURE
It was projected that forty-six thousand, five hundred and seventy dollars
($46,570.00) would have been enough to support this venture, however, it was
less than enough to cover our expenses which amounted to fifty-four thousand,
three hundred and seventy dollars ($54,370.00). This privation was due to the
need for 5 extra bags of feed amounting to seven thousand, eight hundred dollars
($7800.00) but otherwise a fairly good estimate was noticeable.

COMPARISON OF PROJECTED SURPLUS AND ACTUAL SHORTFALL
Our estimated surplus of fifteen thousand seven thousand and thirty dollars
($15730.00) was outweighed by our actual shortfall of five thousand five hundred
and eighty dollars ($5,580.00). This profound loss was due to the fact that all our
chickens did not survived, we had need for more feed than we had predicted, not
all chickens attained the foreseen weight consequently compelling us to sell the

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meat at a reduced price. This resulted in a lower income and a higher expenditure
than estimated therefore resulting in the absence of a surplus replaced by the
shortfall.
GENERAL COMMENTS
The project was quite disappointing as our achievements were not what
wed hoped and this made the project much less rewarding. It required a vast
amount of knowledge on the care and handling of poultry, likewise, it
necessitated a lot of planning and industriousness to have gotten this far as each
student eagerly gave her service as needed. Although some of our goals were
unattained, each individual left with memoirs, skills and useful knowledge that
will remain with every single individual for a lifetime. Individually, I can honestly
say that though some of the birds died and some were handicapped and even
though we lost more money than we had to spend; the experience we received is
priceless. There seemed to have been a check in the development of the birds as
they moved from their brooding stage to that of rearing. We got the chance to put
all we had learned about chickens in practice as well as learn new things such as
setting up feeders, waterers, brooders, litter, cleaning a house and even just
handling the birds as they matured. In closing stages I can say that this was truly
a fun and extraordinary learning experience.
CONCLUSION
A shortfall of five thousand five hundred and eighty dollars ($5,580.00) was
perceived after the sale of two hundred and eighty seven pounds (287lbs) of meat
at a price of one hundred and seventy dollars per pound ($170.00). Although this
was a mandatory project in the completion of this course, many saw it as an
indispensable and enjoyable venture.
RECOMMENDATIONS
It is recommended that:
A single stage system be used as there is less likely to be a check in the
development of the birds.
All items needed be prepared beforehand and their prices checked to better
the accuracy of the budget.

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The chickens be given molasses or Aloe-Vera as these assist in the
maintaining of the weight of the birds.


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