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NAVRACHANA INTERNATIONAL MODEL UNITED

NATIONS 2013


DELEGATE HANDBOOK
NIMUN 2013



21
st
and 22
nd
November 2013
















What is MUN?


A Model United Nation is an academic simulation of the organs of the United Nations, which
aims to educate participants about current events, civics, globalization and effective
communication. Student delegates representing various countries and organizations of the
UN address specific issues of regional/ international interest and debate on them to frame a
resolution.
MUN, as a concept, began soon after the formation of the UNO in the aftermath of the
Second World War. The first academic institution to hold a MUN was the Harvard
University. Soon after, the other Ivy League universities and even schools in New York
began to adopt the trend. Today, more than 60,000 college and high school students take
part in Model United Nations held locally, regionally or internationally.

What do students gain by participating in NIMUN?

MUN conferences provide students with an opportunity of international and multicultural
experiences they need to function in a global environment, playing the role of diplomats
involved in decision making and resolution forming within various simulated organs of the
UN.

The Navrachana International Model United Nations is the maiden venture of NISV. The
conference will be held on the 21
st

and 22
nd

of November at the school premises.

This conference aims to provide participants with the following;


A development of independent research, oration, resolution writing and collaboration
skills.
A development of leadership and initiative skills.

An increased awareness of global politics, international relations and social and
environmental scenarios across the globe.
A development of international understanding and tolerance.

A firsthand experience of the complexities of international policy, parliamentary
procedures and resolution formation.
An understanding of the world and the role of their nation in international affairs.
A honing of a number of essential skills including written and oral communication,
research, caucusing, negotiating, and consensus building as team members.









At NIMUN, we shall simulate five committees, namely:
1. DISEC Disarmament and International Security
Committee
2. HSC Historic Security Council
3. UNSC: United Nations Security Council
4. UNDP United Nations Development Program
5. HRC: Human Rights Council






Structure of NIMUN 3:







Security
Council









HSC


DISEC


NIMUN













UNDP
Human
Rights
Counci




Security Council


The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the principal organs of the United
Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers,
outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations,
the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. Its
powers are exercised through United Nations Security Council Resolutions. There are 15
members of the Security Council, consisting of five veto-wielding permanent members
(China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and 10 elected non-
permanent members with two-year terms.
Under Article 27 of the UN Charter, Security Council decisions on all substantive matters
require the affirmative votes of nine members. A negative vote, or veto, also known as the
rule of "great Power unanimity", by a permanent member prevents adoption of a proposal,
even if it has received the required number of nine affirmative votes.
The UN's role in international collective security is defined by the UN Charter, which gives
the Security Council the power to:

Investigate any situation threatening international peace;

Recommend procedures for peaceful resolution of a dispute;

Call upon other member nations to completely or partially interrupt economic
relations as well as sea, air, postal, and radio communications, or to sever
diplomatic relations;
Enforce its decisions militarily, or by any means necessary;

Avoid conflict and maintain focus on cooperation.


They also recommend the new Secretary-General to the General Assembly. Resolutions,
which are drafted by delegates and voted on by the committee, normally require a simple
majority to pass (except in the Security Council). Only Security Council resolutions can
compel nations to take action. All other UN bodies use resolutions to make recommendations
Or suggestions for future action.








Historic Security Council:



The Security Council was created on October 24, 1945, by the victors of World War II, who
established themselves as its five permanent members- China, the U.S.S.R, France, the United
Kingdom and the United States. Under the UN Charter, the Security Council may investigate any
dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute. The
Charter also states that the Council may recommend appropriate procedures or methods of
adjustment if it determines that the situation might endanger international peace and security.
The UN's role in international collective security is defined by the UN Charter, which gives the
Security Council the power to: 1. Investigate any situation threatening international peace; 2.
Recommend procedures for peaceful resolution of a dispute; 3. Call upon other member nations
to completely or partially interrupt economic relations as well as sea, air, postal, and radio
communications, or to sever diplomatic relations; 4. Enforce its decisions militarily, or by any
means necessary; 5. Avoid conflict and maintain focus on cooperation. Following the principles
of the Security Council, the Historic Security Council attempts to revisit global conflicts from the
past and find peaceful alternatives to the disputes, thereby preventing similar events from
occurring in the future.


Human Rights Council-HRC: The Human Rights Council is the body created by United
Nations Member States to strengthen the promotion and protection of human rights around
the world. The Council replaces the UN Commission on Human Rights. Human rights are
fundamental to the United Nations. The Preamble of the Charter of the United Nations states
that "We the peoples of the United Nations [are] determined... to reaffirm faith in
fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights
Of men and women and of nations large and small."



















United Nations Development Program-UNDP:
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations (UN) organization formed in
1965 to help countries eliminate poverty and achieve sustainable human development, an approach
to economic growth that emphasizes improving the quality of life of all citizens while conserving
the environment and natural resources for future generations. The largest UN development
assistance program, the UNDP is headed by an administrator who oversees a 36-member Executive
Board representing both developing and developed countries. It is headquartered in New York City.
The UNDP administers aid through five-year Country Programmes, which fund projects aimed at
attracting investment capital, training skilled employees, and implementing modern technologies.
The UNDP also makes experts available to help developing countries increase their capacity for
good governanceby building political and legal institutions that are equitable, responsive, and
open to public participationand to expand the private sector of their economies in order to
provide more jobs. Recent UNDP programs have focused on reducing poverty, developing
strategies to treat and combat the spread of HIV/AIDS, promoting environmentally sound energy
and economic policies, and expanding communications and technology infrastructure. UNDP
resident representatives in more than 125 developing countries help to coordinate the local
activities of other UN agencies and programs, as well as those of nongovernmental organizations.

Disarmament and International Security Committee-DISEC:
The First Committee is one of six main committees at the General Assembly of the United
Nations which deals with matters concerning world peace.
First Committee (Disarmament and International Security Committee) is concerned with
disarmament and related international security questions

General Assembly:


The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the UN. Decisions on important
questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members and budgetary
matters, require a two-thirds majority. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority.
Each country has one vote. Some Member States in arrear of payment may be granted the
right to vote.





Preparing for the Conference



After you receive the name of the country, committee and the topic, the first thing you must
do is RESEARCH, regarding the topic, to obtain a general outline of the provided issue. You
may also refer to the background guide to be certain about the direction you need to take.
You should then explore about the committee, you are a part of, to learn how the committee
works. Most importantly, you are required to study the country you have been assigned. It
would be useful to divide your research into three categories:

1. General research on your assigned topic



2. Research on your assigned country's policies with regard to the assigned topic.

If possible, you should begin by researching your assigned topic



3. General research on your assigned country's background and culture




For researching on the topic, make sure to know the topic thoroughly as it will help to
provide a strong base to your argument. Also remember, that when you base your points, its
focus should be on the stance adopted by the country delegated to you. For this, you must
also delve in the foreign relations of your country. Study the topics history and current
issues. Read articles from newspapers and magazines. When researching on the internet, be
Sure it is from reputable and reliable sites.





















Position Papers


The Position Paper is an essay detailing your countrys policies on the topics being discussed
in your committee. Writing a position paper helps you to organize your ideas so that you can
share your countrys position with the rest of the committee. The conduct of extensive research
and analysis makes a position paper a comprehensive document which outlines your
perspective. Writing a position paper might appear to be a daunting task, especially for new
delegates, but with enough research, you will find that writing a position paper is possible
And useful. Position papers are usually one to one-and-a-half sides of an A4paper in length.
Your position paper should include a brief introduction followed by a comprehensive
breakdown of your country's position on the topics that are being discussed by the committee.
A sound position paper will not only provide facts but also make proposals for resolutions.

A good position paper will include:


A brief introduction to your country and its history concerning the topic and
committee;
How the issue affects your country;

Your countrys policies with respect to the issue and your countrys justification for
these policies;
Quotes from your countrys leaders about the issue;

Statistics to back up your countrys position on the issue;

Actions taken by your government with regard to the issue;

Conventions and resolutions that your country has signed or ratified;

UN actions that your country supported or opposed;

What your country believes should be done to address the issue;

What your country would like to accomplish in the committees resolution; and

How the positions of other countries affect your countrys position.


















Position Paper Tips


Keep it simple. To communicate strongly and effectively, avoid verbosity and use
uncomplicated language for coherence.
Make it official. Try to use the seal of your country or create an official letterhead for
your position paper. The more realistic it looks, the more others will want to read it.
Get organized. Give each separate idea or proposal its own paragraph. Make sure each
paragraph starts with a topic sentence.
Cite your sources. Use footnotes or endnotes to show where you found your facts and
statistics. If you are unfamiliar with bibliographic form, look up the Modern Language
Association (MLA) guidelines at your schools library.
Read and reread. Leave time to edit your position paper. Ask yourself if the
organization of the paper makes sense and double-check your spelling and grammar.
Speech! Speech! Do you plan to make an opening statement at your conference? A
good position paper makes a great introductory speech. During a committee debate, a
good position paper will also help you to stick to your countrys policies.
Let the bullets fly. Try not to let your proposals become lost in a sea of information.

For speechmaking, create a bulleted list of your proposals along with your most
important facts and statistics so that you will not lose time looking for them during
debate.

Last Date of Submission of Position Paper 15
th
Nov. 2013















Sample position paper:


Committee: International Labour Organization
Topic: Globalization and Development
Country: Romania

*This sample position paper was submitted by the delegation of Romania at the 2007 UNA-
USA Model UN Conference in New York City.

In the past two decades the rapidly growing world trend has been toward globalization. With the
emergence of the internet as a means of communication and the increasing accessibility of
international trade physical barriers are not the only barriers withering away. Protective
Tariffs are plummeting and free trade agreements are becoming more prevalent. Romania
appreciates that globalization creates favourable situations for expansion of commercial as
well as economic assets. In the past year Romania has seen a foreign direct investment (FDI)
increase of 199%. Inward FDI increased from EURO 234 million in 2005 to EURO 699
million in 2006. However, Romania realizes that increased globalization does not
automatically produce more equality.

Globalization and Development can contribute to the advancement of the overall international
human condition; however, the delegation of Romania recognizes that without
Proper regulation the potential for advancement will remain limited to an elite few individuals,
businesses, and nations. Unless checked and aimed toward the common good, globalization
cannot effectively serve the global community. Crucial in dealing with the complexities of
globalization, good governance must act with solidarity and responsibility. Romania believes
that in involving people in globalization we must promote moral values, democratic principles,
inclusive global political culture, institutions that safeguard both individual civil rights and
inherent freedoms, and the common good. In addition, coping with the influx of information
from globalization governments must act with solidarity and insight. Access to digital
education will undoubtedly result in the confidence of citizens in their respective
administrations and allow for a greater degree of transparency, and therefore a lesser degree of
corruption.







Criteria Marks awarded

Stance Taken 10
Content 10
Articulation 10

Romania believes the multinational business community has the ability and the obligation to
support pertinent values in human rights, labour standards, and environmental preservation.
As stated by the president, Mr Traion Basescu, Romania feels a "heartfelt attachment to
multilateralism, as an effective instrument designed to identify the adequate answers to the
challenges brought by globalization."

Romania is party to the majority of multilateral treaties and conventions identified as such by
the Secretary General in the context of the Millennium Summit in 2001. Romania has always
supported innovative and effective ways of establishing cooperation within and between
regional organizations. As one of the newest members of the European Union, Romania is an
active member of the World Trade Organization, and looks forward to offering its support to
the redirection of globalization to best benefit the global community.

The position paper will be examined by the chair and the vice chair. It will be marked on the
following criteria and the maximum attainable mark will be 30. There will be awards for each
committees best position paper. The average of both the position papers submitted will be
the deciding factor for the award.















Flow of Debate


It is sometimes helpful to think of a Model UN conference as if it were a play in which
delegates are the actors and Secretariat members are the directors. The storyline of a stage
show is similar to what Model UNers call the flow of debate the order in which
events proceed during a Model UN conference. Just like scenes in a theatrical
performance, debate unfolds in several different parts. The chart below shows the various
stages of debate that take place during a Model UN simulation. Being familiar with how
the action will proceed, from the first scene to the last, is an important way to prepare
yourself for a Model UN conference.

Roll Call

The Chairperson will announce each countrys name. After delegates hear their country,
they should answer "present."

Introductory Speech

All the delegates, one by one, would deliver a brief introductory speech comprising
information regarding the country assigned, issue and the stand you wish to take.

Procedure:

SPEAKERS LIST (FORMAL DEBATE)

The Chairperson will ask all of those delegates who would like to make a speech and be
on the speakers list to raise their placards. The Chairperson will then choose delegates to
be placed on the speakers list. A country can only appear on the speakers list once. After
a country has spoken, they may be added to the speakers list again by sending a note to
the Chairperson saying: the delegation of (country name) would like to be added to the
speakers list.

Moderated Caucus

A moderated caucus is a mixture of both formal and informal debate. When a motion for
a moderated caucus is passed, the Chair calls upon delegates who raise their placards to
address the committee for a specific amount of time.


Un-Moderated Caucus

An un-moderated caucus is a temporary recess. Rules of procedure are suspended during
caucusing. During this time delegates can meet informally with each other and the
committee staff to discuss draft resolutions and other issues.

Delegations work together to create resolutions. In addition, delegates may present
amendments to these documents, which are changes to the draft resolutions.

Closure of debate


Caucusing


Caucusing, or informal debate, is an important part of the Model UN simulation because it
provides an opportunity for delegates to collaborate, negotiate and formulate draft
resolutions. During a Model UN conference, caucuses can be either moderated or un-
moderated.

When a committee holds a moderated caucus, the Chair calls on delegates one at a time and
each speaker briefly addresses the committee. During an un-moderated caucus, the committee
breaks for a temporary recess from formal proceedings so that delegates can work together in
small groups. To hold a caucus, a delegate must propose a motion and the committee must
pass it.

Many delegates prefer to speak during a moderated caucus rather than being placed on the
speakers list. In a moderated caucus, speakers are usually able to convey one or two key
points to the entire committee or share new ideas that have developed through the course of
debate. A delegate sometimes chooses to make a motion for a moderated caucus if his or her
name is close to the end of the speakers list. By speaking in a moderated caucus, delegates
are able to address the committee much earlier.

In most cases, more than half of committee time is used for un-moderated caucusing. Many
delegates feel this is the easiest way for them to collaborate and start to formulate draft
resolutions.







Tips for Effective Caucusing

Enter the caucus with a plan in mind: Formulate ideas on what your country would
like to see included in a resolution. Decide which clauses you are willing to negotiate
on and which you are not.
Find delegates in your regional bloc: This is the easiest way to seek out allies.

However, if you find that the group you are working with is not meeting your needs,
do not be afraid to switch groups.
Provide ideas: Tell others what your country is hoping to achieve. If you do not agree
with an idea, do not hesitate to say that it is against your countrys policy.
Negotiate: While it is often necessary to give up something that you want, make sure
that you are not giving up anything too important.
Listen: By listening to what others are saying you will able to build on other peoples
ideas and add more to the discussion. Listening also shows respect for each delegate
in your group.

Do not interrupt: Allow other delegates to finish their thoughts rather than
interrupting others in the middle of a sentence. It sometimes helps to write down your
idea so that you can bring it up when the delegate is finished speaking.
Record ideas: Start to formulate a resolution in writing. Rather than waiting until the
last minute, begin recording fellow delegates ideas right away.
Be resourceful: By providing fellow delegates with resolution text, maps or
information as they need it, you will show that you are valuable to the group.
Have one-on-one conversations: Speaking with an individual or in a small group is
the best way to find out a delegates position on an issue. Larger groups are better
suited to brainstorming.
Stay calm: In caucuses, delegates can sometimes lose their cool. Staying calm will
not only help your group be more effective, but will be noticed by the conference
staff. Always keep your voice at a normal level. If you see that you are becoming
upset or raising your voice, excuse yourself from the group for a few minutes.
Use time effectively: Make sure you have enough time to hear everyones ideas so
that you can discuss them during formal debate. Try not to waste time arguing over
small details that do not seriously affect the draft resolution.









Show respect: Never give orders or tell other delegates what they should or should
not do. Be polite and treat all your fellow delegates with respect.
Provide constructive critique: Rather than negatively criticizing another delegate,
focus on providing constructive critique. If you dislike an idea, try to offer an
alternative. Critique ideas, not people.
Establish connections with other delegates: Although it can be tempting to call a
fellow delegate Pakistan, Brazil or Sweden, you can form a better connection
with a delegate by learning his or her name and where he or she comes from. Ask the
delegate about his or her ideas and impressions of the debate. Showing interest in
your fellow delegates at the beginning of the conference will help you gain more
support later on and can help you to form lasting friendships.

















































How to make an opening speech
Public Speaking in MUN

First, you should thank the presiding official by saying "Thank you Mr /
Madame/ Honourable Chair/ President"
Then begin by providing a brief history on the issue as it relates to your
country.
Speak about how the issue is currently affecting your country.

Provide your country's position on the issue. Include an explanation for
your countrys stance, such as economic or security concerns or political or
religious ideology.
You may choose to give an explanation of how your country's position
relates to the positions of other member states such as the major powers or
countries in your regional bloc.
You should discuss some of the past actions taken by the UN, member states
and NGOs to address the issue.
Present ideas for a resolution, stressing your countrys objectives for the
resolution.
Talk about the role that NGOs or regional organizations have to play in
addressing the issue.
Indicate to the committee members whether your country is willing to
negotiate.

How to make speech during debate


Again, you should thank the presiding official by saying "Thank you Mr /
Madame/ Honourable Chair/ President"
Encourage collaboration among member states by proposing ways that
your country would be willing to work with other member states.
By referencing what other delegates have said, you can show support for
your allies or indicate which proposals your country does not favour.
Present ideas for draft resolutions.

Explain why your country does or does not support other draft resolutions.


Rules of Procedure



Like real UN bodies, Model UN committees have lengthy agendas, and many delegates who
wish to convey their countrys positions. To help maintain order, Model UN conferences
adopt rules of procedure to establish when a delegate may speak and what he or she may
address. Some conferences adopt a few simple rules, while others use lengthy and complex
rules of procedure.

The following links are highly recommended to understand the MUN vocabulary and
terminology.

1. http://www.unausa.org/Document.Doc?id=17

2. http://www.unausa.org/Document.Doc?id=18

3. http://www.spmun.narod.ru/formal.htm


Awards for Delegates


The NIMUN Secretariat has decided upon two categories of Awards for the Delegates.
There will be an award each for the Best Delegate and the Best Position Paper per
simulated committee.

The criteria for judging the Best Delegate is:


Criteria Marks
Number of successful caucuses and motions
passed

10


Knowledge & Understanding of subject

10
Relevant and valid information provided in
the committee

10


Considered analysis of subject debated

10


Active participation in debate

10


The criteria for judging the Best Position Papers is as follows:


S.No Evaluation Criteria and Expectations Excellent Good Fair Poor
1. A clear statement of your country's position on
each topic and an indication of why your
country takes this position in the context of
what it has already done in relation to the topic

2. Overall assessment of paper. Paper is well
researched, organized, presented and answered
the main issues. It provides the reader with
clear understandings and explanation of
policies.

3. Include sufficient detail and elaboration.
4. Suggestions for a plan of action in addressing
the issue.

5. Employ correct grammar and usage. Also use
correct mechanics (spelling, capitalization,
punctuation, paragraph form). Make sure that
the paper makes logical sense and flows well
by providing transition sentences.



Resolutions



The final results of discussion, writing and negotiation are resolutionswritten suggestions
for addressing a specific problem or issue. Resolutions, which are drafted by delegates and
voted on by the committee, normally require a simple majority to pass (except in the Security
Council). Only Security Council resolutions can compel nations to take action. All other UN
bodies use resolutions to make recommendations or suggestions for future action.

Draft resolutions are all those that have not yet been voted on. Delegates write draft
resolutions alone or with other countries. There are three main parts to a draft resolution: the
heading, the preamble and the operative section. The heading shows the committee and topic
along with the resolution number. It also lists the draft resolutions sponsors and signatories
(see below). Each draft resolution is one long sentence with sections separated by commas
and semicolons. The subject of the sentence is the body making the statement (e.g., the
General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, or Security Council). The preamble and
operative sections then describe the current situation and actions that the committee will take.

A draft resolution must always gain the support of a certain number of member states in the
committee before the sponsors (the delegates who created the resolution) may submit it to the
committee staff. Many conferences require signatures from 20 percent of the countries
present in order to submit a draft resolution. A staff member will read the draft resolution to
ensure that it is relevant and in proper format. Only when a staff member formally accepts the
document and assigns it a number can it be referred to in formal debate.

In some cases a delegate must bring forward a motion to introduce the draft resolution, while
in other cases the sponsors are immediately called upon to read the document. Because these
procedures can vary, it is essential to find out about the resolution process for the conference
you plan to attend.







Perambulatory Clauses

The preamble of a draft resolution states the reasons for which the committee is addressing
the topic and highlights past international action on the issue. Each clause begins with a
present participle (called a pre-ambulatory phrase) and ends with a comma. Pre-ambulatory
clauses can include:

References to the UN Charter;

Citations of past UN resolutions or treaties on the topic under discussion;

Mentions of statements made by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or
agency;
Recognition of the efforts of regional or nongovernmental organizations in dealing
with the issue; and
General statements on the topic, its significance and its impact.


Sample Pre-ambulatory Phrases


Affirming
Alarmed by
Approving
Aware of
Bearing in mind
Believing
Confident
Contemplating
Convinced
Declaring
Deeply concerned
Deeply conscious
Deeply convinced
Deeply disturbed
Deeply regretting
Desiring
Emphasizing
Expecting

Expressing its appreciation
Expressing its satisfaction
Fulfilling
Fully alarmed
Fully aware
Fully believing
Further deploring
Further recalling
Guided by
Having adopted

Having considered

Having considered further
Having devoted attention
Having examined
Having heard

Having received
Having studied
Keeping in mind
Noting with regret
Noting with deep concern
Noting with satisfaction
Noting further
Noting with approval
Observing
Reaffirming
Realizing
Recalling
Recognizing
Referring
Seeking; Taking note
Taking into account
Taking into consideration
Viewing with appreciation
Welcoming








Operative Clauses

Operative clauses identify the actions or recommendations made in a resolution. Each
operative clause begins with a verb (called an operative phrase) and ends with a semicolon.
Operative clauses should be organized in a logical progression, with each containing a single
idea or proposal, and are always numbered. If a clause requires further explanation, bulleted
lists set off by letters or roman numerals can also be used. After the last operative clause, the
resolution ends in a period.

Sample Operative Phrases

Accepts Encourages Further recommends
Affirms Endorses Further requests
Approves Expresses its appreciation Further resolves
Authorizes Expresses its hope Has resolved
Calls Further invites Notes
Calls upon Deplores Proclaims
Condemns Designates Reaffirms
Confirms Draws the attention Recommends
Congratulates Emphasizes Regrets
Considers Encourages Reminds
Declares accordingly Endorses Requests
Deplores Expresses its appreciation Solemnly affirms
Designates Expresses its hope Strongly condemns
Draws the attention Further invites Supports
Emphasizes Further proclaims Takes note of

Further reminds Transmits

Trusts

Sponsors of a draft resolution are the principal authors of the document and agree with its
substance. Although it is possible to have only one sponsor, this rarely occurs at the UN,
since countries must work together to create widely agreeable language in order for the draft
resolution to pass. Sponsors control a draft resolution and only the sponsors can approve
immediate changes.










Signatories are countries that may or may not agree with the substance of the draft resolution
but still wish to see it debated so that they can propose amendments.


A certain percentage of the committee must be either sponsors or signatories to a draft
resolution in order for it to be accepted.

There is a sample resolution on the following page.


Preambulatory Clauses












Separate Preambulatory Clauses with
commas



Underline (italicize) initiating phrases




Indent 5 spaces


















Operative clauses
The General Assembly

Sponsors:
Signatories:
Topic:


The General Assembly,


Recalling its resolution 22/18 k of 24 January 1979 and 34/931 L
of 12 December 1974, as well as Economic and Social Council
resolution 1990/50 of 23 July 1980,

Reaffirming once again the special responsibility of the United
Nations and the international community towards the oppressed
people of South Africa and their national liberation movement,

Noting the great advance of the movement against apartheid and
for initiating phrases national liberation and the rise in political
consciousness of the oppressed people of South Africa,

Recognizing the need for increased humanitarian and
educational assistance to the oppressed people of South Africa,

1. Appeals to all States to provide humanitarian, educational,
financial, and other necessary assistance to the oppressed people of
South Africa and their national liberation movement;

2. Urges the United Nations Development Program and other
agencies within the United Nations to expand their assistance to the

























Number Operative clauses









Use a semicolon to separate
operative clauses










Use a period to end a
resolution
oppressed people of South Africa and the South African liberation
movements recognized by the Organization of African Unity, in
consultation with the Special Committee Against Apartheid ;

3. Urges all agencies within the United Nations system to
ensure the participation of the South African liberation movements
recognized by the Organization of African Unity in their relevant
conferences and meetings, and to provide financial assistance for that
purpose;

4. Decides to continue the authorization of adequate financial
provisions in that budget of the United Nations to enable the South
African liberation movements recognized by the Organization of
African Unity - The African National Congress of South Africa and
the Pan A Africanist Congress of Azania - to maintain offices in New
York in order to participate effectively in the deliberations of the
Special Committee and other appropriate bodies.







Dress Code



Dressing professionally and appropriately is an important aspect of Model UN preparations.
Just like being cordial and well mannered, dressing appropriately is an important way to
show respect for the nation you are representing, for your fellow delegates and for the United
Nations. Western business attire, or international standard business attire, serves as customary dress
for workplaces. It entails wearing a suit, which is made up of trousers, a matching
jacket, a button-down dress shirt, and a tie. Conservative dress shoes and socks are also
important. Skirts and dresses may also be worn as long as they fall to a decent length. The main
thing to remember is to always insure that your appearance is tidy and put-together, and that you
are well-covered.










Clothing Female Male



Suits
A suit always looks
professional. Be sure to
keep suits clean and
wrinkle-free.
A suit always looks
professional. Be sure to
keep suits clean and
wrinkle-free.






Tops
A blouse, sweater.
Dresses are also
appropriate as long as they
are not revealing and
adequate in length (follow
the rules below for skirt
length). No t-shirts



A collared/button-down
shirt is appropriate and do
not forget a tie!
No t-shirts.






Bottoms
Slacks and suit-pants are
acceptable. Knee length
Skirts as per internationally
accepted norms.
Bottoms should have a
subtle pattern; avoid loud
designs. No jeans or shorts




Slacks, preferable in dark
colors, are appropriate.
No jeans or shorts






Shoes
Remember: high-heeled
shoes may look pretty, but
they can also be very
uncomfortable, so use your
discretion.
No sneakers or open-toe
sandals.



Loafers or other types of
dress shoes are preferred.
No sneakers or open-toe
sandals.


Hair
Keep hair clean and out of
your face for a professional
look.
Keep hair clean and out of
your face for a professional
look.











Acknowledgements




1. http://www.unausa.org/modelun


2. http://www.spmun.narod.ru/formal.htm


3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_council


4. http://www.un.org/en/


































With best compliments,
The NIMUN Secretariat.