You are on page 1of 12

pewter

duralumin

bronze

Compositions
of alloy

steel

brass

STEEL
Mixture of iron and carbon
0.15% carbon - making of car body
0.5% carbon - making of building and
bridge
Properties : more strength and hardness compare
with pure iron

Uses

: built train rail, bridge, car body


and ship

PEWTER

92% stanum, 6% antimoni, 2% plumbum


and 2% copper
Nowadays, plumbum is not usually use in
our life poison
Properties: more hard compare with pure
stanum
: not easily to rusting

Uses

: decorative items souveniers

BRASS
Mixture of copper and zinc
75% copper = golden in yellow
80% copper = red in color
Problem : the difference of melting point
between copper and zinc
Properties : more hard compare with pure
copper

Uses

: decorative items and electrical


tools

BRONZE
Mixture of 75% of copper and 25% stanum
Added 0.1-0.5% fosforus- spring and
detain corrosion
Aluminium of bronze- 0% stanum, 80% copper
10% aluminium, 5% nickel and 5% ferum
Coins of bronze- 95% copper, 4% stanum
and 1% zinc

Properties : more strength compare with


pure copper
Uses
: medals

Duralumin

Mixture of 95% aluminium and 4% copper


By adding the copper to the aluminium,
it increase the strength & hardness
Characteristic:
hard & light
make body of aeroplane

Properties:more hard compare with pure


aluminium
:less density
Uses
:to built body of aeroplane
:electrical cabel