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10 6

2010 12


Journal of T raffic and T ransportation Engineering

Vol.10 No.6
Dec .2010

:
1671-1637(2010)06-0015-05

1 , 1 , 2 , 1 , 3 , 4
(1. , 210016;2. , 211189;
3. , 311231 ;4. , 100038)

:
20 %(H SC) 40 % 10 % 5 %
(H VMAC)
(HDC), 5 % Mg SO4 (
) ,
35 % :
, Mg SO 4 HSC H DC
46 70 % , 425 900 ,
H VMAC 67 %, 75
:
;
;
;
;

:
T U528 :
A

Effect of magnesium sulfate solution on frost resistance of


concrete under stress condition
Z HANG Yun-qi ng 1 , YU H o ng-f a1 , SUN Wei2 , LIU Jun-lo ng 1 , 3 , Z H ANG Jian-ye 4
(1.Schoo l o f Ae rospace Engineering , Na njing U nive rsity of A ero nautics and A stro nautics , N anjing 210016,
Jiangsu , China ;2 .Scho ol of M aterials Science a nd Eng inee ring , Southeast U niversity , Nanjing 211189 ,
Jiang su, China ;3.Department of Civil Eng ineering , Z hejiang College of Construction , Hang zhou 311231,
Z hejiang , China ;4 .China Civil Engineering Construction Cor po ration , Beijing 100038, China)

Abstract :T he f rost resistances o f three kinds o f concretes under f lexural stress subjected to w at er
and 5 % M gSO 4 (mass f raction) so lution w ere st udied by usi ng accelerated f reezing-t haw ing
method .T he co nsi dered concret es include hig h strengt h co ncrete(HSC)added wi th 20 % f ly ash
(20 % o f binder m ass), hig h-vo lume mineral admix ture concret e(HVM AC)added wi th 40 % fly
ash , 10 % slag and 5 % sili ca f ume , and hig h durable co ncrete(H DC)added wi th high-volume
mineral admi xt ure , air-ent raining agent , superplasti cizer , fibres and ex pansion agent .T hird
point loadi ng met hod w as applied on t he speci mens in the process of freezing-thaw ing cy cle , and
the enacted f lexural st ress w as 35 % of f ai lure st ress .Analy sis re sult show s that the fro st
resistances o f H SC and HDC respectively increase 46 ti mes and more than 70 % under f lexural
st ress subject ed to M gSO 4 solut ion as compared w it h w ater , and t heir anti-f reezing-t haw ing
cycles are respectively mo re than 425 t imes and 900 times .But t he f rost resi st ance o f H VM AC
decreases by 67 % under f lexural st ress , and i t s anti-freezing-thaw ing cycles are o nly 75 times .
3 tabs , 4 f ig s , 15 ref s .
:
2010-07-11
:
973 (2009CB623203); (NS 2010015);
(BK 2005216);
(BCXJ07-04)
:
(1977-), , , ,
:
(1964-), , , ,

16

2010

Key words:concrete ;f lex ural st ress ;mag nesium sulfat e co rrosi on ;f rost resistance ;relative
dy namic elastic m odulus
Author resumes :ZH ANG Yun-qing(1977-), female , docto ral student ,

+86-25-84895233 ,

zhangy unqing @nuaa .


edu .
cn ;YU H ong-f a(1964-), male , prof essor , PhD ,
y uho ng fa @nuaa .
edu .
cn .

+ 86-25-84895233 ,

[ 11-13]

, ,

, ,

[ 1-2] ,

[ 3]

5 % M gSO 4 H SC H VM AC

[ 4] ,

(H ig h Durable Co ncrete , H DC)

, ,

[ 5]

, ,
[ 6]

5 % Na 2 SO4 ,

1.
1

,
,

P 52 .
5R

580 , Na 2 SO 4 ,

(F ly Ash , FA) S95

[ 7-8]

(Slag , SG)()

(Silica Fume , SF)


(Aluminate

5 % M gSO4
(H igh St reng t h
[ 9-10]

Co ncrete , H SC)

(Hi gh-

Ex pansive Ag ent , A EA), 1 ;

(
10 m m)

Volume M ine ral Admix ture Concrete , H VMAC)


,

HP400R
JM-B

H VMAC 5 % M gSO 4

GS-2005-3 , 2 ;

JM-2000c ,
[ 9] ;

1
Tab.
1 Chemical compositions of raw material s

SiO 2

A l2 O 3

CaO

M gO

SO 3

Fe2 O3

20 .
60

5.
03

65 .
06

0.
55

2.
24

4.
38

52 .
37

32 .
13

2.
16

0.
47

0.
33

4.
13

33 .
48

12 .
21

36 .
35

10 .
59

0.
66

1.
40

19 .
82

16 .
62

28 .
60

1.
58

26 .
86

2.
66

93 .
10

0.
61

0.
52

0.
22

M nO

%
TiO 2

N a 2O

K 2O

1.
30

0.
34

2.
17

0.
25

0.
61

1.
30

1.
27

0.
56

0.
36

0.
32

0.
30

3.
02
5.
55

6 , :

17

H DC H VMAC 10 % AEA ,

Tab.
2 Performance indices of fibres

/
(g m -3)

/
mm

/
mm

/
G Pa

0.
91

19

0.
048

396 .
0

3 .
5

7.
80

20

0.
450

44 .
4

200 .
0

1.
2

(0.1 % 0.7 % )
, 0.24 3
,
,
, 28 d 100 mm ,

HSC H VM AC H DC , ,
H SC 20 % FA , 0.43 ;
H VM AC
40 % FA 10 % SG 5 % SF , 0.23 ;

40 m m 40 mm 160 mm ,
4 ,

3
Tab.
3 Mixed proportions and properties of different concretes
/(kg m -3)

HSC
H VMAC
H DC

28 d

mm

/M Pa

304

76

775

1 235

171

0.
80

65

59 .
5

139

0.
85

80

50 .
7

142

1.
20

100

60 .
6

270
210

240
240

60
60

30
30

0
60

669
669

1 104
1 104

:
JM-B ;
H P400R

1.
3

(
GBJ 82 85)
, 28 d ,
CDR-2 ,
5 % MgSO4
, [ 12] ,
3 , (
)
0.35
, [ 14] ,

1 HSC

60% ,

Fig.
1 Change curves of relative dynamic elastic modulus for HSC

2
2.
1 HSC
1 HSC 5 %
Mg SO 4
,
, H SC ,
15 3 2
( 2),

2 15 H SC

H SC 9

Fi g .
2 Bri t tle fract ure of HSC s pecim ens su bject ed t o w ater

200

, , ,

, ,

5 % M gSO4
, , H SC

425 , 63.1 %,

aft er 15 f reezing-th aw ing cycles

18

2010

Mg SO 4 H SC

M gSO 4

46 , 425 , ,

, ,

Mg SO 4 HSC

, ,

2.
2 HVMAC

M g 2 + SO 24 -

3 HVMAC

, Mg SO 4 ;

5 % MgSO4

, Mg SO 4

5 % MgSO4 ,

HVMAC

3 1 , ,

150

(0.23)H VMAC

15 , , ,
225 ,

(0.43) H SC ;

71.7 %,

H SC ,

;
5 % MgSO 4

, M gSO 4

75 ,

68.1 %, , ,

Mg SO 4

67 % MgSO4

AF t

HVMAC ,

2.
3 HDC

, 5 % M gSO 4 , H VM AC

Stark :H VMAC

4 H DC 5 %

M gSO 4

( 500 ,

M gSO 4 600 ) ,

(AF t),

(AFm), ,

, ,

, AFm AFt

, AF t

525

[ 15]

[ 15]

77.8 %, M gSO4

3C3 A CaSO4 12H 2 O +8H 2 O

, 600 ,

C 3 A 3CaSO4 32H 2 O +2C 3 A H 6

:
C CaO ;
A Al2 O 3 ;
H H 2O

900 ,

5 % M gSO4 ,

85.5 %, ,
70 %

3 HV M AC
Fig .
3 Change curves of relati ve dy nami c elast ic

4 H DC

modulu s f or HV M A C

Fig .
4Change curves of relative dynamic elast ic modulu s f or HDC

6 , :

1 3 4 , , ,
H SC
,

19

, 1998 , 1(1):
82-87 .
HO N G Ding-hai .Demons t rat ion of high perf ormance concrete i ncorporati ng w it h hi gh volume of grounded g ranu lat ed
blast-fu rnace slag[ J] .Jou rnal of Building M aterials , 1998 ,
1(1):82-87 .(i n Chi nese)

HDC ,

[ 7 ] , , , .

M U R u , M IA O Chang-w en , LIU Ji a-ping , et al .Eff ect of

5 %Mg SO 4 ,
H DC ,

Jou rn al of Buil di ng M at erials , 2001 , 4 (4):311-316 .(in

3
5 % Mg SO4 ,
H SC H DC
;
H VMAC AFt
;

, Mg SO 4
;

,
HDC MgSO 4

:
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