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Rapport between the Master and Golden Eagle

Current Altaic Kazakh Falconry in Western Mongolia

Associate Researcher

Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences


University of Kassel
7th December 2014
International Festival of Falconry 2014
Abu dhabi, United Arab Emirates

All Rights Reserved by TAKUYA SOMA

CONTENTS

1. Introduction
Golden Eagles as Baddy Animal in Kazakh Livelihood

2. Cultural Depth of Asian Falconry


History of Human-Raptor Interactions in East Asia

3. Ethnographic Narrative of Altaic Kazakh Falconry


Rapport-Making between Master and Golden Eagle

4. Cultural Sustainability of Eagle Falconry


Tradition and Transition of Eagle Falconry in Current

5. Conclusion
Future Copes to Falconry Culture in Altai Regions

Goal OJT

Subject & Method

Questions

1.1. Subject, Method, & Framework

Question I
Domestication of Golden
Eagle, WHEN? & WHERE?

Question II
Kazakh Falconers Tame
Eagles, HOW? & WHY?

Question III
Sustainability for future,
WHO? & HOW?

Historical Definition

Anthropology & Ethno-Ornithology

Culture Conservation

1. Study Area:
2. Methodology:
3. Term:
4. Language:
5. Informants:

Sagsai County, Bayan-Ulgii Province, Mongolia


1. Semi-Structured Interview
2. Participant Observation
24th July 2011 ~ 11th January 2013 (spent for 310 days)
Local Kazakh
n = 47 masters & n = 18 masters (total 65 informant)

Object 1. Definition in Historical Depth of Asian Falconry as the Heritage


Object 2. Ethnographic Narrative of Altaic Kazakh Falconry
Object 3. Sustainability of Falconry Culture for Future
Socio-Cultural Utilization of Anthropological & Ethno-Ornithological Discourse

1.2. Study Area (i): Map of Bayan Ulgii Province


Bayan-Ulgii Province

Russia

(-)

Ulaanbaatar

(Altay Republic)

45,704km2

Territory:

(similar to Swiss/ Denmark)

Ulaanhus
Sagsai

Established: Since

Ulgii
Tolbo

Mongolia
(Khovd Aimag)

Altai
Primary Study
Site!

1940

Population: 108,000
(3.5% of National Population)

Population: 2.0 person/ km


(Tokyo: 14,389/km)
(Hessen: 288/km)
Ethnicity:

Kazakh, Uriankhai,
Torguud, Tuva

China
(Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous)
0
100km
Google Earth

Falconers:

90-100 masters

Eagle
Population:

ca. 1,500 2,000

1.3. Study Area (i): Map of Sagsai County


Sagsai County

Ulaan-Hus

Khovd River

()

Ulgii

Population:
1

HOME

Ethnicity:

Ujum

Buteu

Bukun

Sagsai

Falconers:

10

Ortatau

Kara-Yurok
Mts.

Settled Range
Winter Pasture

Kagurgat
Altai

Hunting Mountains
0
10km
Google Earth

c.a. 4,000

Kazakh
24 ~ 30
masters