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Estimating the Viscosity of Mixtures Neutrium

Neutrium
ESTIMATING THE VISCOSITY OF MIXTURES
SUMMARY
For some engineering calculations, particularly in hydrocarbon
processing, it is necessary to estimate the viscosity of a mixture

and Refutas methods, which are commonly used in petroleum refining

for predicting the viscosity of oil blends.

1. DEFINITIONS

: Kinematic viscosity

: Mass fraction

: Volume fraction

2. GAMBILL METHOD
Gambill (1959) proposed the following equation for estimating the
kinematic viscosity of a two liquid mixture.
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= xa a

+ xb

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b

3. REFUTAS EQUATION
3.1 Mass Basis
Refutas (2000) proposed a method by which the kinematic viscosity
()

Blending Number (VBN) of each component is first calculated and then

used to determine the VBN of the liquid mixture as shown below.
V BN i = 14.534 ln (ln ( i + 0.8)) + 10.975

The VBN of the liquid mixture is then calculated as follows:

N

V BN mixture = xi V BN i
i=0

The kinematic viscosity of the mixture can then be estimated using the
viscosity blending number of the mixture using the equation below.

mixture = exp (exp (

V BN mixture 10.975

)) 0.8

14.534

3.2 Volumetric Basis

Chevron developed an alternative formulation for the viscosity blend
index in which the volume fraction of each component may be used.

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Estimating the Viscosity of Mixtures Neutrium

V BI i = ln( i )/ ln(1000 i )

The VBI of each volumetric component can then be used to calculate

the VBI of the mixture as follows.
N

V BN mixture = vi V BN i
i=0

Using

V BI mixture

the viscosity of the mixture may then be calculated

as shown previously.

4. REFERENCES
1. Gambill, W.R., 1959, "How to estimate mixtures viscosities",
Chemical Engineering, 66, pg 151-152.

2. Maples, R.E., 2000, "Petroleum Refinery Process Economics",

PennWell, ISBN 978-0-87814-779-3.

ARTICLE TAGS
Blending Kinematic Viscosity

neutrium.net/fluid_flow/estimating-the-viscosity-of-mixtures/

Mixture

Viscosity

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