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Judicial Branch

Unit III: Quiz C

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____

1. These courts derive their power from the Constitution and federal laws.
a. federal courts
c. concurrent courts
b. due process clause courts
d. state courts

____

2. A trial court has


a. appellate jurisdiction.
b. original jurisdiction.

c. concurrent jurisdiction.
d. federal jurisdiction.

____

3. One of these appellate courts is in each of 12 regions across the United States.
a. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
b. territorial courts
c. Court of International Trade
d. U.S. Court of Appeals

____

4. These courts help Congress exercise its power according to Article I of the Constitution.
a. legislative courts
c. appellate courts
b. district courts
d. territorial courts

____

5. This is the court of last resort in all questions of federal law.


a. district court
c. Supreme Court
b. territorial court
d. appellate court

____

6. The written explanation of a Supreme Court decision is called


a. a legal draft.
c. litigation.
b. an opinion.
d. judicial referee.

____

7. A court of appeals has


a. original jurisdiction.
b. grand jury jurisdiction.

c. appellate jurisdiction.
d. concurrent jurisdiction.

____

8. The United States is divided into 12 regions, each one with a


a. federal district court.
c. concurrent court.
b. U.S. Tax Court.
d. U.S. Court of Federal Claims.

____

9. If you are registered to vote or have a driver's license, you may be called
a. for an indictment.
c. for jury duty.
b. by a judicial circuit.
d. to be a litigant.

____ 10.

The Federal courts handle cases involving bankruptcy and


a. maritime law.
c. civil liberties.
b. regulatory laws.
d. public policy.

____ 11.

The Supreme Court has the power to interpret the Constitution and
a. federal law.
c. uphold regulatory laws.
b. draft treaties with foreign nations.
d. settle land disputes between states.

____ 12. The majority of the cases the Supreme Court hears come
a. from lower courts as appeals.
c. from the president.
b. through federal jurisdiction.
d. through Congressional hearings.
____ 13. Most of the cases heard by the Supreme Court are cases involving
a. federal laws.
c. economic issues.
b. civil liberties.
d. congressional hearings.
____ 14. The power to confirm appointments to the Supreme Court resides in
a. state legislatures.
c. the Senate.
b. the people.
d. the House of Representatives.
____ 15. Once the Court rules on a case, the ruling becomes this for future decisions.
a. precedent
c. stare decisis
b. writ of certiorari
d. per curiam opinion
____ 16. A written decision by the Court is
a. an opinion.
b. a brief.

c. a writ of certiorari.
d. a per curiam opinion.

____ 17. The number of Supreme Court justices is determined by


a. Congress.
c. the president.
b. popular vote.
d. the Supreme Court.
____ 18. This is the Senate's control over the Supreme Court.
a. override power
c. confirmation power
b. amendment power
d. veto power
Short Answer
Critical Thinking
19. Synthesizing Why does the Constitution give federal courts jurisdiction in cases involving disputes between
two states or between a state and a citizen of another state?
Understanding Concepts
20. Constitutional Interpretations Explain how the Supreme Court's ruling in the case of Marbury v. Madison
increased the Court's power.

Unit III: Quiz C


Answer Section

Judicial Branch

MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 305
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 305, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
2. ANS: B
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 306
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 306, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
3. ANS: D
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 313
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 313, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 2. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
4. ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: E
REF: Pages 314-15
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, pages 314-15, and
in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 2. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
5. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: E
REF: Page 320
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 320, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 3. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
6. ANS: B
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 322
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 322, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 3. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
7. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Pages 306-07
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, pages 306-07, and
in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
8. ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Pages 312-13
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, pages 312-13, and
in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 2. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
9. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 315
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 315, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 2. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
10. ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: E
REF: Page 306
MSC: Document Based Question
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 306, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
11. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: E
REF: Page 305
MSC: Document Based Question

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 305, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 332
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 332, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: B
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 339
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 339, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 2. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 347
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 347, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 3. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: C
REF: Pages 338-39
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, pages 338-39, and
in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 2. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 335
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 335, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 348
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 348, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 3. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 348
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 348, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 12, Section 3. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

SHORT ANSWER
19. ANS:
Federal court jurisdiction exists in order to provide a fair hearing of the case. Impartiality might not exist if
the issue was litigated in the state courts of either party to the dispute.
PTS: 1
DIF: A
REF: Page 306
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, page 306, and in
the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.
20. ANS:
The Court ruled that the law which gave it the power to force Jefferson to make Marbury a judge was
unconstitutional. In making this decision, the Court took for itself the power of judicial reviewthe power to
declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.
PTS: 1
DIF: C
REF: Pages 307-08
NOT: Learn more about this question in United States Government: Democracy in Action, pages 307-08, and

in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 11, Section 1. For additional practice, visit this book's
Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.