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2/23/2015

Silicon,Si

Silicon,Si
Categories: MetalNonferrousMetalOtherEngineeringMaterialSemiconductorPureElement
Material
Notes:

PhysicalForm:GrayCrystalsorBrownAmorphousSolid

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Physical
Properties
Density

Viscosity
aLattice
Constant
Molecular
Weight
Volume
Compressibility,
10^10m/N
SurfaceTension

Metric

English

2.3016g/cc

0.083151lb/in

@Temperature1027C

@Temperature1881F

2.3077g/cc

0.083371lb/in

@Temperature827C

@Temperature1520F

2.3136g/cc

0.083584lb/in

@Temperature627C

@Temperature1160F

2.3192g/cc

0.083786lb/in

@Temperature427C

@Temperature801F

2.3269g/cc

0.084065lb/in

@Temperature127C

@Temperature261F

2.329g/cc

0.08414lb/in

@Temperature25.0C

@Temperature77.0F

2.533g/cc

0.09151lb/in

@Temperature1412C

@Temperature2574F

0.88cP

0.88cP

@Temperature1412C

@Temperature2574F

5.43072

5.43072

28.086g/mol

28.086g/mol

0.306

0.306

Comments

Liquid(10%expansionuponfreezing)
Liquid

736dynes/cm

736dynes/cm

@Temperature1412C

@Temperature2574F

Metric

English

28.806
14
0.13barns/atom

28.806
14
0.13barns/atom

6.7446

6.7446

105.05

105.05

LI

126.48

126.48

LII

126.48

126.48

LIII

537bar
0.1207g/cc
232.6cm/mol

403000torr
0.004361lb/in
14.19in/mol

0.450V

0.450V

1.9
0.420
0.650
2.71

1.9
0.420
0.650
2.71

Chemical
Properties
AtomicMass
AtomicNumber
ThermalNeutron
CrossSection
XrayAbsorption
Edge

CriticalPressure
CriticalDensity
CriticalMolar
Volume
Electrode
Potential
Electronegativity
IonicRadius

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Liquid
Comments

Pauling
CrystalIonicRadiusforValence+4
CrystalIonicRadiusforValence+1
CrystalIonicRadiusforValence4
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Mechanical
Properties
Knoop
Microhardness
Hardness,Mohs
Modulusof
Elasticity
Compressive
Strength
BulkModulus
PoissonsRatio
ShearModulus

Electrical
Properties
Electrical
Resistivity
Magnetic
Susceptibility
Critical
Superconducting
Temperature
Dielectric
Constant
BandGap
ElectronMobility,
cm/Vs
HoleMobility,
cm/Vs

Thermal
Properties
HeatofFusion
Heatof
Vaporization
CTE,linear

SpecificHeat
Capacity

Silicon,Si

3.84

3.84

CrystalIonicRadiusforValence1

Metric

English

Comments

11270

11270

N/mmMicrohardness

7.0
112.4GPa

7.0
16300ksi

120MPa

17400psi

98.74GPa
0.28
43.9GPa

14320ksi
0.28
6370ksi

Calculated

Metric

English

Comments

0.0100ohmcm

0.0100ohmcm

0.00000390

0.00000390

6.707.10K

6.707.10K

Atomic(cgs)

@Pressure1200013000MPa @Pressure1.74e+61.89e+6psi

11.8

11.8

1.107eV
1900

1.107eV
1900

500

500

Metric

English

1800J/g
10614J/g

774BTU/lb
4566.1BTU/lb

2.49m/mC

1.38in/inF

@Temperature25.0C

@Temperature77.0F

3.61m/mC

2.01in/inF

@Temperature227C

@Temperature441F

4.15m/mC

2.31in/inF

@Temperature527C

@Temperature981F

4.44m/mC

2.47in/inF

@Temperature1027C

@Temperature1881F

0.794J/gC

0.190BTU/lbF

0.115J/gC

0.0275BTU/lbF

@Temperature213C

@Temperature351F

0.259J/gC

0.0619BTU/lbF

@Temperature173C

@Temperature279F

0.557J/gC

0.133BTU/lbF

@Temperature73.0C

@Temperature99.4F

0.713J/gC

0.170BTU/lbF

@Temperature27.0C

@Temperature80.6F

0.785J/gC

0.188BTU/lbF

@Temperature127C

@Temperature261F

0.832J/gC

0.199BTU/lbF

@Temperature227C

@Temperature441F

0.849J/gC

0.203BTU/lbF

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Comments

Gas

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Silicon,Si

@Temperature327C

Thermal
Conductivity

MeltingPoint
BoilingPoint
Heatof
Formation

Debye
Temperature

Optical
Properties
RefractiveIndex
Reflection
Coefficient,
Visible(01)

Component
Elements
Properties
Silicon,Si

DescriptiveProperties
CASNumber
CrystalStructure
Solubility

@Temperature621F

0.866J/gC

0.207BTU/lbF

@Temperature427C

@Temperature801F

0.883J/gC

0.211BTU/lbF

@Temperature527C

@Temperature981F

0.899J/gC

0.215BTU/lbF

@Temperature627C

@Temperature1160F

0.916J/gC

0.219BTU/lbF

@Temperature727C

@Temperature1340F

0.933J/gC

0.223BTU/lbF

@Temperature827C

@Temperature1520F

0.950J/gC

0.227BTU/lbF

@Temperature927C

@Temperature1700F

0.967J/gC

0.231BTU/lbF

@Temperature1027C

@Temperature1881F

0.983J/gC

0.235BTU/lbF

@Temperature1127C

@Temperature2061F

1.00J/gC

0.239BTU/lbF

@Temperature1227C

@Temperature2241F

1.01J/gC

0.241BTU/lbF

@Temperature1412C

@Temperature2574F

124W/mK

861BTUin/hrftF

20.9W/mK

145BTUin/hrftF

@Temperature1200C

@Temperature2190F

37.7W/mK

261BTUin/hrftF

@Temperature600C

@Temperature1110F

52.3W/mK

362BTUin/hrftF

@Temperature400C

@Temperature752F

66.94W/mK

463.8BTUin/hrftF

@Temperature1412C

@Temperature2574F

79.5W/mK

551BTUin/hrftF

@Temperature200C

@Temperature392F

Liquid

Liquid

105W/mK

725BTUin/hrftF

@Temperature100C

@Temperature212F

1412C
3265C
0.000kJ/mol

2574F
5909F
0.000kJ/mol

450kJ/mol
372C

450kJ/mol
702F

Gas

Metric

English

Comments

3.49
0.300.70

3.49
0.300.70

variesirregularlywithwavelength.

Metric

English

Comments

100%

100%

Crystal

7440213
Cubic

DiamondStructureSpaceGroup
Fd3m

InsolubleinH2OandAcidSolubleinAlkaline

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Silicon,Si

Referencesforthisdatasheet.
Someofthevaluesdisplayedabovemayhavebeenconvertedfromtheiroriginalunitsand/orroundedinordertodisplaytheinformationin
aconsistentformat.Usersrequiringmoreprecisedataforscientificorengineeringcalculationscanclickonthepropertyvaluetoseethe
originalvalueaswellasrawconversionstoequivalentunits.Weadvisethatyouonlyusetheoriginalvalueoroneofitsrawconversionsin
yourcalculationstominimizeroundingerror.WealsoaskthatyourefertoMatWeb'stermsofuseregardingthisinformation.Clickhereto
viewallthepropertyvaluesforthisdatasheetastheywereoriginallyenteredintoMatWeb.

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